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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749628/circulating-25-hydroxy-vitamin-d-relative-to-vitamin-d-receptor-polymorphism-after-vitamin-d3-supplementation-in-breast-cancer-women-a-randomized-double-blind-controlled-clinical-trial
#1
Houra Mohseni, Seyed Ahmad Hosseini, Reza Amani, Alireza Ekrami, Ahmad Ahmadzadeh, Seyed Mahmoud Latifi
Objective: The influence of vitamin D receptor (VDR) genetic variation on serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels [25(OH)D] after vitamin D3 supplementation remains unclear. We aimed to investigate changes of 25(OH)D in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial, according to VDR genotype, after provision of vitamin D3 to breast cancer cases for a 2-month period. Methods: Participants were assigned to two treatment arms: placebo (n = 28) and vitamin D3 supplementation (n =28). The supplementation group received 50,000 IU of vitamin D every week for 2 months...
July 27, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749562/school-based-systems-change-for-obesity-prevention-in-adolescents-outcomes-of-the-australian-capital-territory-it-s-your-move
#2
Mary Malakellis, Erin Hoare, Andrew Sanigorski, Nicholas Crooks, Steven Allender, Melanie Nichols, Boyd Swinburn, Cal Chikwendu, Paul M Kelly, Solveig Petersen, Lynne Millar
OBJECTIVE: The Australian Capital Territory 'It's Your Move!' (ACT-IYM) was a three-year (2012-2014) systems intervention to prevent obesity among adolescents. METHODS: The ACT-IYM project involved three intervention schools and three comparison schools and targeted secondary students aged 12-16 years. The intervention consisted of multiple initiatives at individual, community, and school policy level to support healthier nutrition and physical activity. Intervention school-specific objectives related to increasing active transport, increasing time spent physically active at school, and supporting mental wellbeing...
July 27, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749530/parents-willingness-to-invest-in-their-children-s-oral-health
#3
Jannetje Berendsen, Clarissa Bonifacio, Martine van Gemert-Schriks, Cor van Loveren, Erik Verrips, Denise Duijster
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate parents' Willingness to Invest (WTI) in their children's oral health in terms of money, visits to a dental practice, and brushing minutes. Objectives were to assess the association between parents' WTI and a) children's dental caries experience, b) children's oral hygiene behavior (OHB), and c) maternal education level and ethnic background. METHODS: A sample of 630 five to six-year-old-children was recruited from pediatric dental centers in the Netherlands...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749488/trends-in-provider-initiated-versus-spontaneous-preterm-deliveries-2004-2013
#4
M L Ada, M R Hacker, T H Golen, M J Haviland, S A Shainker, H H Burris
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were as follows: (i) to estimate the proportion of preterm deliveries at a tertiary perinatal center that were provider-initiated versus spontaneous before and after a 2009 policy to reduce elective early-term deliveries, and (ii)to evaluate whether shifts in type of preterm delivery varied by race/ethnicity. METHOD: We performed a retrospective cohort study of preterm deliveries over a 10-year period, 2004 to 2013, including detailed review of 929 of 5566 preterm deliveries, to designate each delivery as provider-initiated or spontaneous...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749482/-the-obesity-paradox-a-reconsideration-of-obesity-and-the-risk-of-preterm-birth
#5
A Tsur, J A Mayo, R J Wong, G M Shaw, D K Stevenson, J B Gould
OBJECTIVE: The association between obesity and spontaneous preterm births (sPTBs) has been shown to be influenced by obesity-attendant comorbidities. Our objective was to better understand the complex relationship of obesity and its attendant comorbidities with sPTBs. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective analysis utilizing maternally linked hospital and birth certificate records of 2 049 196 singleton California deliveries from 2007 to 2011. Adjusted relative risks (aRRs) for sPTBs were estimated using multivariate Poisson regression modeling...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749455/primary-biliary-cholangitis-alters-functional-connections-of-the-brain-s-deep-gray-matter
#6
Victoria A L Mosher, Mark G Swain, Jack X Q Pang, Gilaad G Kaplan, Keith A Sharkey, Glenda M MacQueen, Bradley G Goodyear
OBJECTIVES: Fatigue, itch, depressed mood, and cognitive impairment significantly impact the quality of life of many patients with primary biliary cholangitis (PBC). Previous neuroimaging studies of non-hepatic diseases suggest that these symptoms are often associated with dysfunction of deep gray matter brain regions. We used resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rsfMRI) to determine whether PBC patients exhibit altered functional connections of deep gray matter. METHODS: Twenty female non-cirrhotic PBC patients and 21 age/gender-matched controls underwent rsfMRI...
July 27, 2017: Clinical and Translational Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749353/mesh-denoising-with-geo-metric-fidelity
#7
Marco Centin, Alberto Signoroni
Working with noisy meshes and aiming at providing high-fidelity 3D object models without tampering the metric quality of the acquisitions, we propose a mesh denoising technique that, through a normal-diffusion process guided by a curvature saliency map, is able to preserve and emphasize the natural object features, concurrently allowing the introduction of a bound on the maximum distance from the original model. Moreover, both the position of the mesh vertices and the edge orientations are optimized through a tailored geometric-aliasing correction...
July 25, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749349/extensive-benchmark-and-survey-of-modeling-methods-for-scene-background-initialization
#8
Pierre-Marc Jodoin, Lucia Maddalena, Alfredo Petrosino, Yi Wang
Scene background initialization is the process by which a method tries to recover the background image of a video without foreground objects in it. Having a clear understanding about which approach is more robust and/or more suited to a given scenario is of great interest to many end users or practitioners. The aim of this paper is to provide an extensive survey of scene background initialization methods as well as a novel benchmarking framework. The proposed framework involves several evaluation metrics and state-of-the-art methods, as well as the largest video dataset ever made for this purpose...
July 26, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749119/antitumor-exopolysaccharides-derived-from-novel-marine-bacillus-isolation-characterization-aspect-and-biological-activity
#9
Salma M Abdelnasser, Shaymaa M M Yahya, Wafaa F Mohamed, Mohsen MS Asker, Hala M Abu Shady, Manal G Mahmoud, Magdy A Gadallah
Objective: Exopolysaccharides gained attention as new source for cancer treatment as recent treatments cause side effects and multidrug resistance. Polysaccharides containing sulfur and uronic acids exhibited antioxidant activity, by restoring cell redox regulation, thus inhibiting cell proliferation and cancer formation. Following this context, our study was performed to assess the cytotoxic activity of exopolysaccharides produced by novel Egyptian marine bacterial strains on HepG2 cells. Methods: Bacteria were isolated, purified and cultured through routine microbiological techniques...
July 27, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749045/factors-related-to-recurrence-of-idiopathic-granulomatous-mastitis-what-do-we-learn-from-a-multicentre-study
#10
Erdal Uysal, Atilla Soran, Efe Sezgin
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic granulomatous mastitis (IGM) is a rare chronic inflammatory disease of the breast with unknown aetiology. Its treatment is controversial and the recurrence rate is high. The objectives of this study were to examine the demographic, sociocultural and clinical characteristics observed among a large cohort of IGM patients from Turkey and to identify factors related to the recurrence of IGM. METHODS: The study was designed as a multicentre retrospective study including 22 breast centres in Turkey...
July 27, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748774/exposure-to-parental-psychopathology-and-offspring-s-risk-of-suicide-related-thoughts-and-behaviours-a-systematic-review
#11
S M Goodday, J Shuldiner, S Bondy, A E Rhodes
AIMS: The primary objective of this systematic review was to identify and synthesise analytic studies examining the association between exposure to parental psychopathology in childhood and the nature of subsequent suicide-related thoughts (SRT) and suicide-related behaviour (SRB) (severity of ideation, planned/unplanned attempts/lethality) and to describe the direction, and magnitude of associations. The secondary objective was to determine if the associations from the primary objective differ by the type(s) and timing of parental psychopathology, sex/gender of the parent and child and is mediated by child psychiatric symptoms and family functioning...
July 27, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748738/barriers-and-facilitators-to-healthy-eating-and-disease-self-management-among-older-adults-residing-in-subsidized-housing
#12
Katherine Petroka, Rania Campbell-Bussiere, Dan K Dychtwald, Brandy-Joe Milliron
BACKGROUND: As adults transition into older ages, meeting age-specific dietary recommendations can become increasingly challenging, especially for low-income seniors who reside in publicly subsidized rental housing. AIM: The primary objectives of this study were to: 1) identify barriers and facilitators to healthy eating and self-management of nutrition-related chronic illnesses experienced by low-income seniors residing in a subsidized housing setting; and 2) assess the interest in community nutrition programming among low-income seniors residing in a subsidized housing setting...
January 1, 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748447/cross-modal-working-memory-binding-and-l1-l2-word-learning
#13
Shinmin Wang, Richard J Allen, Shin-Yi Fang, Ping Li
The ability to create temporary binding representations of information from different sources in working memory has recently been found to relate to the development of monolingual word recognition in children. The current study explored this possible relationship in an adult word-learning context. We assessed whether the relationship between cross-modal working memory binding and lexical development would be observed in the learning of associations between unfamiliar spoken words and their semantic referents, and whether it would vary across experimental conditions in first- and second-language word learning...
July 26, 2017: Memory & Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748412/pharmacokinetics-of-dfn-15-a-novel-oral-solution-of-celecoxib-versus-celecoxib-400-mg-capsules-a-randomized-crossover-study-in-fasting-healthy-volunteers
#14
Arindam Pal, Srinivas Shenoy, Anirudh Gautam, Sagar Munjal, Jing Niu, Mathangi Gopalakrishnan, Joga Gobburru
BACKGROUND: COX-2 inhibitors can be effective for acute migraine, but none is supplied in a rapidly absorbed, ready-to-use oral liquid formulation. DFN-15, a novel oral liquid formulation of celecoxib, is being developed for the acute treatment of migraine with or without aura. Clinical studies with this formulation are ongoing. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the present study were to compare the bioavailability of DFN-15 with that of the commercial formulation of celecoxib 400-mg oral capsules (Celebrex(®)) and to determine the dose proportionality of DFN-15 in healthy fasted volunteers...
July 26, 2017: Clinical Drug Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748405/the-burden-of-chronic-urticaria-from-brazilian-patients-perspective
#15
Maria-Magdalena Balp, Nilcéia Lopes da Silva, Jeffrey Vietri, Haijun Tian, Luis F Esina
INTRODUCTION: Chronic urticaria (CU), a proxy for chronic spontaneous urticaria, has been associated with a negative impact on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and costs, but there is limited evidence on the burden of CU in Brazil. The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of CU and assess the burden of CU on HRQoL and healthcare resource utilization (HRU) among adults in Brazil. METHODS: This retrospective, cross-sectional study, pooled data from the 2011, 2012, and 2015 National Health and Wellness Survey in Brazil (n = 36,000)...
July 26, 2017: Dermatology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748375/attenuation-of-ethanol-abstinence-induced-anxiety-and-depressive-like-behavior-by-the-phosphodiesterase-4-inhibitor-rolipram-in-rodents
#16
Mei-Fang Gong, Rui-Ting Wen, Ying Xu, Jian-Chun Pan, Ning Fei, Yan-Meng Zhou, Jiang-Ping Xu, Jian-Hui Liang, Han-Ting Zhang
RATIONALE: Withdrawal symptoms stand as a core feature of alcohol dependence. Our previous results have shown that inhibition of phosphodiesterase-4 (PDE4) decreased ethanol seeking and drinking in alcohol-preferring rodents. However, little is known about whether PDE4 is involved in ethanol abstinence-related behavior. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to characterize the role of PDE4 in the development of anxiety- and depressive-like behavior induced by abstinence from ethanol exposure in different animal models...
July 27, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748267/-sex-education-and-prevention-of-sexual-violence-contributions-to-a-differential-sensitive-prevention-of-sexualised-violence
#17
REVIEW
Martin Wazlawik, Bernd Christmann, Arne Dekker
Prevention of sexual violence against children and adolescents obtains high priority in educational contexts. This is due to the massive (possible) psychosocial impacts of sexual victimization as well as to the considerable prevalence rates that are reported in current studies. Preventive approaches are predominantly native to violence prevention and sex education where they are characterized by independent lines of tradition and positions. This contribution outlines their empirically largely unexplained relation with a focus on the history and development of the discourses of sex education...
July 26, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748252/-mn1606sp-by-spencer-filial-soybean-population-reveals-novel-quantitative-trait-loci-and-interactions-among-loci-conditioning-sds-resistance
#18
Alexander S Luckew, Sivakumar Swaminathan, Leonor F Leandro, James H Orf, Silvia R Cianzio
Four novel QTL and interactions among QTL were identified in this research, using as a parent line the most SDS-resistant genotype within soybean cultivars of the US early maturity groups. Soybean sudden death syndrome (SDS) reduces soybean yield in most of the growing areas of the world. The causal agent of SDS, soilborne fungus Fusarium virguliforme (Fv), releases phytotoxins taken up by the plant to produce chlorosis and necrosis in the leaves. Planting resistant cultivars is the most successful management practice to control the disease...
July 26, 2017: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748064/publication-practices-and-responsible-authorship-a-review-article
#19
REVIEW
Elvis E Tarkang, Margaret Kweku, Francis B Zotor
Dissemination of research findings through the publication of one's work or a group of contributors is an important part of the research process, as this allows the passing on of benefits to a much wider community. In whatever evocative form this dissemination may take, the onus lies on the author(s) to ensure adherence to the code of ethics as it pertains to the integrity of the information being put out. We publish because we want our findings to be adapted into practice and application, or in some cases may be relevant to policy makers in decision-making...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748039/age-related-prevalence-and-characteristics-of-aggregatibacter-actinomycetemcomitans-in-periodontitis-patients-living-in-sweden
#20
Rolf Claesson, Carola Höglund-Åberg, Dorte Haubek, Anders Johansson
Background: The presence of Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans in patients with periodontitis has been extensively studied for decades. Objective: To study the prevalence of A. actinomycetemcomitans in younger and older periodontitis patients and to genetically characterize isolates of this bacterium. Design: Data from microbiological analyses of 3459 subgingival plaque samples collected from 1445 patients, 337 'younger' patients (≤35 yrs) and 1108 'older' patients (>35 yrs) during 15 years (2000-2014), has been summerized...
2017: Journal of Oral Microbiology
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