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Attachment styles

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781234/the-unsafe-haven-eating-disorders-as-attachment-relationships
#1
Emma Forsén Mantilla, David Clinton, Andreas Birgegård
OBJECTIVES: Some patients with eating disorders (EDs) seem to experience their illness as an entity, a symbolic other to whom they relate, and which may influence both symptom levels and self-image. Extending previous research, this study investigated whether the patient-ED relationship has attachment qualities. DESIGN: Structural Analysis of Social Behaviour was used to operationalize the patient-ED relationship, and the Attachment Style Questionnaire was used to measure attachment...
May 21, 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764797/public-attitudes-toward-guided-internet-based-therapies-web-based-survey-study
#2
Jennifer Apolinário-Hagen, Mathias Harrer, Fanny Kählke, Lara Fritsche, Christel Salewski, David Daniel Ebert
BACKGROUND: Internet interventions have been proposed to improve the accessibility and use of evidence-based psychological treatments. However, little is known about attitudes toward such treatments, which can be an important barrier to their use. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to (1) determine attitudes toward guided internet interventions, (2) assess its acceptability compared with other internet-based formats, and (3) explore predictors of acceptance. METHODS: A convenience-sample Web-based survey (N=646) assessed attitudes toward guided internet therapies (ie, perceived usefulness and helpfulness, and advantage relative to face-to-face therapy), preferences for delivery modes (ie, e-preference: guided internet interventions, unguided internet interventions, or videoconferencing psychotherapy), and potential predictors of attitudes and preferences: sociodemographics, help-seeking-related variables, attachment style, and perceived stress...
May 15, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755392/psychometric-properties-of-the-chinese-version-of-the-brief-borderline-symptom-list-in-undergraduate-students-and-clinical-patients
#3
Huihui Yang, Xiaoxia Lei, Mingtian Zhong, Qi Zhou, Yu Ling, Martin Jungkunz, Jinyao Yi
The brief version of the Borderline Symptom List (BSL-23) is a self-rated scale developed from the initial 95-item version of Borderline Symptom List (BSL-95). The current study aimed to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Chinese version of the BSL-23. A total of 570 undergraduate students and 323 clinical patients completed the BSL-23, the borderline subscale of the Personality Diagnostic Questionnaire (PDQ-4+), the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale, 11th version (BIS-11), the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ) and the Attachment Style Questionnaire (ASQ)...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745679/sources-of-perceived-responsiveness-in-family-relationships
#4
William L Cook, Marie Dezangré, Jan De Mol
Perceived responsiveness has become one of the most important constructs in the relationship sciences. It is central to the development of a secure attachment style, the experience of social support, an internal locus of control, and the sense of control in close relationships. Conversely, an unresponsive environment is associated with learned helplessness and depression. Viewed through the lens of the social relations model (SRM), perceived responsiveness in family relationships could have multiple sources: the perceiver; the target or partner; the perceiver-target relationship; and the family group...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737197/inflammatory-bowel-disease-related-fatigue-is-correlated-with-depression-and-gender
#5
Philip Keightley, Rebecca E Reay, Paul Pavli, Jeffrey Cl Looi
OBJECTIVES: Fatigue is a common and disabling problem in inflammatory bowel disease. We sought to explore the possible determinants of inflammatory bowel disease-associated fatigue including demographic, psychological and disease variables. METHODS: Surveys were distributed to 100 patients undergoing infliximab infusion for inflammatory bowel disease in an infusion lounge, assessing attachment style (Experiences in Close Relationships Revised scale), fatigue (Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy Fatigue - Fatigue Subscore), and depression and anxiety (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale)...
May 1, 2018: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734091/adult-attachment-and-physical-health
#6
REVIEW
Paula R Pietromonaco, Lindsey A Beck
This article examines how individual differences in adult attachment shape regulatory strategies and relationship behaviors, which in turn influence health-related responses, behaviors, and outcomes. We review links between attachment and physiological responses to stress (e.g., hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis responses, cardiovascular responses, immune responses), health behavior (e.g., substance use, diet), and downstream health and disease outcomes. Recent evidence suggests that attachment insecurity (attachment anxiety and/or attachment avoidance) is associated with dysregulated physiological responses to stress, risky health behaviors, susceptibility to physical illness, and poorer disease outcomes...
April 16, 2018: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733250/the-neural-correlates-of-attachment-style-during-emotional-processing-an-activation-likelihood-estimation-meta-analysis
#7
Guangming Ran, Qi Zhang
Attachment style is a relatively stable trait linked to emotion regulation and coping as measured by questionnaire responses. An increasing number of functional brain imaging studies have explored the neural underpinnings of attachment style during emotional processing. However, until now, an overall picture of brain regions involved in this trait remained unexplored. Here, we conducted a meta-analysis of 12 peer-reviewed studies on attachment style using activation likelihood estimation (ALE) in functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)...
May 7, 2018: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727768/the-neural-correlates-of-attachment-security-in-typically-developing-children
#8
Eun Jung Choi, Margot J Taylor, Soon-Beom Hong, Changdai Kim, Soon-Hyung Yi
This study investigated neural correlates of children's attachment security using functional magnetic resonance imaging. Fifty-one boys' attachment styles (age mean = 9.5 years, SD = 0.61) were assessed with the Separation Anxiety Test (SAT). We created an fMRI version of the SAT to activate children's attachment system in fMRI environment and contrasted two conditions in which children were instructed to infer the specific feeling of the boy in the picture or to identify objects or physical activities...
April 30, 2018: Brain and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703204/exploring-end-of-life-interaction-in-dyads-of-parents-and-adult-children-a-protocol-for-a-mixed-methods-study
#9
Stephanie Stiel, Eva-Maria Stelzer, Nils Schneider, Franziska A Herbst
BACKGROUND: A considerable number of terminally-ill adult children are outlived by at least one parent and receive palliative care prior to their death. At the same time, adult children continue to be confronted with their parents' terminal illnesses and end-of-life situations. The current study explores the specifics of dyadic interaction at the end of life between a) adult children suffering from a life-threatening disease and their parents, and b) terminally ill parents and their adult children...
April 27, 2018: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702433/individual-differences-in-corticolimbic-structural-profiles-linked-to-insecure-attachment-and-coping-styles-in-motor-functional-neurological-disorders
#10
Benjamin Williams, Rozita Jalilianhasanpour, Nassim Matin, Gregory L Fricchione, Jorge Sepulcre, Matcheri S Keshavan, W Curt LaFrance, Bradford C Dickerson, David L Perez
BACKGROUND: Insecure attachment and maladaptive coping are important predisposing vulnerabilities for Functional Neurological Disorders (FND)/Conversion Disorder, yet no prior structural neuroimaging studies have investigated biomarkers associated with these risk factors in FND populations. This magnetic resonance imaging study examined cortical thickness and subcortical volumes associated with self-reported attachment and coping styles in patients with FND. We hypothesized that insecure attachment and maladaptive coping would relate to limbic-paralimbic structural alterations...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697040/origins-of-mother-child-reminiscing-style
#11
Elaine Reese, Elizabeth Meins, Charles Fernyhough, Luna Centifanti
Maternal elaborative reminiscing supports preschool children's autobiographical memory, self-concept, and emotion understanding. What are the factors contributing to mothers' elaborative style of reminiscing? In a longitudinal community sample (n = 170 at the final data point), this study explored the role of maternal depression (8-44 months), maternal sensitivity and maternal mind-mindedness (8 months), as well as child factors of joint attention (15 months), attachment security (15 months), and language (26 months) for mother-child reminiscing about a positive (happy) and a negative (scared) event at 44 months...
April 26, 2018: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683028/the-factors-associated-with-anxiety-symptom-severity-in-older-adults-living-in-nursing-homes-and-other-residential-aged-care-facilities
#12
Alexandra S Creighton, Tanya E Davison, David W Kissane
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify the biopsychosocial factors associated with anxiety among a residential aged care sample. METHOD: A total of 178 residents ( M age = 85.4 years, SD = 7.4 years) with mild cognitive impairment or normal cognition participated. Participants completed the Geriatric Anxiety Inventory (GAI) and a set of measures assessing cognition, depression, self-perceived health, mastery, attachment, perceived social support, social engagement, functional status, the experience of a fall, and other negative life events...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674985/dog-owner-attachment-is-associated-with-oxytocin-receptor-gene-polymorphisms-in-both-parties-a-comparative-study-on-austrian-and-hungarian-border-collies
#13
Krisztina Kovács, Zsófia Virányi, Anna Kis, Borbála Turcsán, Ágnes Hudecz, Maria T Marmota, Dóra Koller, Zsolt Rónai, Márta Gácsi, József Topál
Variations in human infants' attachment behavior are associated with single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the oxytocin receptor (OXTR) gene, suggesting a genetic component to infant-mother attachment. However, due to the genetic relatedness of infants and their mothers, it is difficult to separate the genetic effects of infants' OXTR genotype from the environmental effects of mothers' genotype possibly affecting their parental behavior. The apparent functional analogy between child-parent and dog-owner relationship, however, offers a way to disentangle the effects of these factors because pet dogs are not genetically related to their caregivers...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674447/cognitive-underpinnings-of-nationalistic-ideology-in-the-context-of-brexit
#14
Leor Zmigrod, Peter J Rentfrow, Trevor W Robbins
Nationalistic identities often play an influential role in citizens' voting behavior and political engagement. Nationalistic ideologies tend to have firm categories and rules for what belongs to and represents the national culture. In a sample of 332 UK citizens, we tested whether strict categorization of stimuli and rules in objective cognitive tasks would be evident in strongly nationalistic individuals. Using voting behavior and attitudes from the United Kingdom's 2016 EU referendum, we found that a flexible representation of national identity and culture was linked to cognitive flexibility in the ideologically neutral Wisconsin Card Sorting Test and Remote Associates Test, and to self-reported flexibility under uncertainty...
April 19, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673720/-study-of-parental-bonding-in-childhood-in-children-and-adolescents-with-anorexia-nervosa
#15
A M H Albinhac, F A M Jean, M P Bouvard
INTRODUCTION: Anorexia nervosa constitutes a severe and complex eating disorder occurring principally in adolescence. It is one of the most deadly psychiatric disorders. Considering the multifactorial nature of anorexia nervosa, the important place of the family and the growing interest in the theory of attachment in eating disorders, parental bonding is questioned in anorexia nervosa. The main study goal is to analyze parental bonding in a population of children and adolescents with anorexia nervosa...
April 16, 2018: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667712/trajectories-of-alcohol-consumption-in-u-s-military-veterans-results-from-the-national-health-and-resilience-in-veterans-study
#16
Brian S Fuehrlein, Lorig K Kachadourian, Elizabeth K DeVylder, Louis A Trevisan, Marc N Potenza, John H Krystal, Steven M Southwick, Robert H Pietrzak
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: While alcohol use disorder is prevalent in U.S. veterans, little is known about the nature and determinants of predominant trajectories of alcohol consumption in this population. The objective of the current study was to identify predominant trajectories of alcohol consumption over a 4-year period, and baseline determinants of these trajectories in veterans. METHODS: Data were analyzed from the National Health and Resilience in Veteran Study, which surveyed a nationally representative sample of 3,157 veterans (Wave 1)...
April 18, 2018: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665115/attachment-security-values-and-prosocial-attitudes
#17
Adelaida Monteoliva, J Miguel A García-Martínez, Emilio Sánchez Santa-Bárbara, Antonia Calvo-Salguero
The objective of this study was to determine whether individuals with different attachment styles held different prosocial values and attitudes given their different models of self and of others. A sample of 717 university students completed the ECR-S (Experiences in Close Relationships-Spanish) and the PVQ (Portrait Values Questionnaire), and evaluated different prosocial attitudes. The results showed that secure individuals reported higher scores on self-transcendence and in the value self-directions of the dimension openness to change, whereas insecure individuals had higher scores on conservation and self-enhancement...
April 17, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660111/confidence-in-attachment-relationships-and-marital-status-as-protective-factors-for-self-perceived-parental-role-and-in-person-visitation-with-children-among-incarcerated-fathers
#18
Michele Giovanni Laquale, Gabrielle Coppola, Rosalinda Cassibba, Maria Pasceri, Susanna Pietralunga, Alessandro Taurino, Cristina Semeraro, Ignazio Grattagliano
The study aimed at investigating the role of confidence in attachment relationships and marital status as protective factors for incarcerated fathers' self-perceived parental role and in-person contacts with their children. Participants included 150 inmate fathers and 145 nonincarcerated control fathers who provided background sociodemographic information and completed two self-reports, the Attachment Style Questionnaire and the Self-Perception of Parental Role. A two-phased cluster analytic plan allowed us to highlight two profiles of self-perceived parental roles, with incarceration and low confidence in attachment relationships increasing the risk of the less optimal of the two profiles...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656118/job-loss-firm-level-heterogeneity-and-mortality-evidence-from-administrative-data
#19
Hans Bloemen, Stefan Hochguertel, Jochem Zweerink
This paper estimates the effect of job loss on mortality for older male workers with a strong labor force attachment. Using Dutch administrative data, we find that job loss due to firm closure increased the probability of death within five years by a sizable 0.60 percentage points. Importantly, this effect is estimated using a model that controls for firm-level worker characteristics, such as lagged firm-level annual average mortality rates. On the mechanism driving the effect of job loss on mortality, we provide evidence for an effect running through stress and changes in life style...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649258/clinician-ratings-of-the-comprehensive-assessment-of-psychopathic-personality-capp-in-a-representative-sample-of-spanish-prison-inmates-new-validity-evidence
#20
Gerardo Flórez, Ventura Ferrer, Luis S García, María R Crespo, Manuel Pérez, Pilar A Saíz, David J Cooke
The Comprehensive Assessment of Psychopathic Personality (CAPP) is a concept map of psychopathic personality disorder (PPD). The CAPP- Institutional Rating Scale (IRS) is a tool designed to assess CAPP symptoms in institutional settings. The CAPP contains 33 personality traits organized in six domains: attachment, behavioural, cognitive, dominance, emotional and self. Until now, much of the CAPP research has been conducted out of clinical, forensic and correctional settings using self-ratings. In the current study, the psychometric properties and construct validity of the CAPP-IRS were evaluated in a non-convenience sample of 204 Spanish convicts...
2018: PloS One
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