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Attachment styles

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629205/attachment-style-is-related-to-quality-of-life-for-assistance-dog-owners
#1
Naomi White, Daniel Mills, Sophie Hall
Attachment styles have been shown to affect quality of life. Growing interest in the value of companion animals highlights that owning a dog can also affect quality of life, yet little research has explored the role of the attachment bond in affecting the relationship between dog ownership and quality of life. Given that the impact of dog ownership on quality of life may be greater for assistance dog owners than pet dog owners, we explored how anxious attachment and avoidance attachment styles to an assistance dog affected owner quality of life (n = 73)...
June 19, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622588/attachment-representations-and-socio-emotional-difficulties-in-alternative-care-a-comparison-between-residential-foster-and-family-based-children-in-chile
#2
Manuela Garcia Quiroga, Catherine Hamilton-Giachritsis, Margarita Ibañez Fanés
Attachment has been assessed in children living in alternative care (AC) settings, such as Residential Homes (RC) and Foster Care (FC). However, no study has been conducted to compare attachment styles in residential, foster and parental care conducted as usual in the same country at the same point in time. There is also a lack of studies conducted in less developed countries. Therefore, the aim of this study was to compare outcomes for children living in three different types of care in Chile. Three groups of children (N=77), living in (RC), (FC) and with biological parents (PC) were compared...
June 13, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618321/the-crucial-role-of-the-micro-caregiving-environment-factors-associated-with-attachment-styles-in-alternative-care-in-chile
#3
Manuela Garcia Quiroga, Catherine Hamilton-Giachritsis
The distribution of attachment styles has been shown to differ between groups of children living with their parents and children placed in alternative care (AC), defined as residential or foster. However, this is the first study in Latin America to explore possible factors affecting the quality of attachment in children living in both residential and foster care. Two groups of children (N=57) were compared: one group living in Residential Homes (RC) and the other in Foster Care (FC) in Chile. Children's, caregivers' and structural factors (e...
June 12, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613089/ecological-factors-influencing-emotional-behavioral-problems-and-self-concept-in-adolescents-from-low-income-families-in-south-korea
#4
Suyon Baek, Haewon Yoo
In this study, we examined emotional/behavioral problems and self-concept in adolescents from low-income families in Korea; additionally, we identified ecological factors associated with these traits. This descriptive study employed an ecological model to analyze data from the Korean Children and Youth Panel Survey. A nationwide stratified multistage cluster sampling methodology was used. Overall, 2534 first-year middle school students were included in the survey, and the survey was conducted from 2010 to 2016...
June 14, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608482/examining-the-role-of-attachment-styles-and-self-control-in-suicide-ideation-and-death-anxiety-for-patients-receiving-chemotherapy-in-iran
#5
Ahmad Valikhani, Mehdi Reza Sarafraz, Pooneh Moghimi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 12, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573830/the-psychophysiological-effects-of-oxytocin-on-parent-child-interactions-a-literature-review-oxytocin-and-parent-child-interactions
#6
REVIEW
Monika Szymanska, Marie Schneider, Carmela Chateau-Smith, Sylvie Nezelof, Lauriane Vulliez-Coady
Oxytocin (OT), often called the "hormone of love" or "hormone of attachment", plays a fundamental role in the establishment and quality of parent-infant bonding. However, emerging evidence indicates that OT can also produce antisocial behavior. To clarify these effects, we review studies examining the role of endogenous and exogenous OT on several determinants of attachment: parental sensitivity, and bonding or synchrony in parent-child dyads. Contextual and individual factors moderating the effect of intranasal OT (INOT) and its peripheral levels are also reviewed...
June 2, 2017: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571036/sexual-dynamics-of-married-women-with-interpersonal-dependency-a-qualitative-study-on-iranian-women
#7
Marziye Sharifi, Maryam Fatehizade, Fatemeh Bahrami, Rezvan Alsadat Jazayeri, Ozra Etemadi
BACKGROUND: Considering the lack of documented research on the sexuality of dependent persons, this qualitative study examined sexual dynamics among Iranian married women with excessive interpersonal dependency. METHODS: Interviews with 18 married women with high interpersonal dependency were coded using thematic analysis. RESULTS: Three major areas emerged from the data under which the themes clustered. These were (1) intrapersonal level which included confused sexual cognitions, intrusive thoughts during sex, preoccupation by sexual thoughts, low tolerance for reduction or interruption of sexual activity, and emotional distress during sex, (2) interactional dynamics including imposing pressure on the husband to have sex and assuming a submissive and receptive role during sex, and (3) contextual processes including social stigma and the effects of social phenomena...
June 2, 2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552830/understanding-response-rates-to-surveys-about-family-members-psychological-symptoms-after-patients-critical-illness
#8
Ann C Long, Lois Downey, Ruth A Engelberg, Elizabeth Nielsen, Paul Ciechanowski, J Randall Curtis
CONTEXT: Achieving adequate response rates from family members of critically ill patients can be challenging, especially when assessing psychological symptoms. OBJECTIVES: To identify factors associated with completion of surveys about psychological symptoms among family members of critically ill patients. METHODS: Using data from a randomized trial of an intervention to improve communication between clinicians and families of critically ill patients, we examined patient- and family-level predictors of the return of usable surveys at baseline, 3- and 6-months (N=181, 171, and 155, respectively)...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552100/health-anxiety-and-illness-behaviour-in-children-of-mothers-with-severe-health-anxiety
#9
Mette Viller Thorgaard
Excessive health anxiety, still designated as hypochondriasis in ICD-10, refers to worries and anxiety about harbouring serious illness. It is common in both primary and secondary health care with prevalence rates up to 9% and causes great suffering for the individual as well as high health care costs when untreated. Growing research suggests that health anxiety may originate in childhood, and studies have demonstrated that cognitive and behavioural features similar to those described for health anxiety in adults may be present...
May 2017: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546972/the-survey-of-mindfulness-in-multiple-sclerosis-patients-and-its-association-with-attachment-style
#10
Soheila Mohamadirizi, Vahid Shaygannejad, Shahla Mohamadirizi
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness may be conceptualized as a dispositional trait which differs across individuals, so this study was, therefore, designed to determine the survey of mindfulness in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients and its association with attachment style. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study which was conducted in Kashani Hospital affiliated to Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Iran, in 2013. Samples were 210 adult patients who suffered from MS completed demographic and disease characteristics questionnaire, Five Factor Mindfulness Questionnaire and adult attachment style...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545012/the-long-term-association-of-ocd-and-depression-and-its-moderators-a-four-year-follow-up-study-in-a-large-clinical-sample
#11
L Tibi, P van Oppen, A J L M van Balkom, M Eikelenboom, J Rickelt, K R J Schruers, G E Anholt
BACKGROUND: Depression is the most common comorbidity in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). However, the mechanisms of depressive comorbidity in OCD are poorly understood. We assessed the directionality and moderators of the OCD-depression association over time in a large, prospective clinical sample of OCD patients. METHODS: Data were drawn from 382 OCD patients participating at the Netherlands Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Association (NOCDA) study. Cross-lagged, structural equation modeling analyses were used to assess the temporal association between OCD and depressive symptoms...
April 7, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541683/triol-ligand-modification-and-structural-transformation-of-anderson-evans-oxomolybdates-via-modulating-oxidation-state-of-co-heteroatom
#12
Yang Wang, Xiaoting Liu, Wei Xu, Ying Yue, Bao Li, Lixin Wu
Various covalent decorations and structural transformations of a series of R-C(CH2OH)3 triol ligands on Co(II)/Co(III)-centered Anderson-Evans polyoxomolybdates were studied in aqueous and/or organic solution. Single-crystal X-ray structural analysis demonstrated that four manners, including (1) double-sided χ/χ-isomer and (2) double-sided δ/χ-isomer with Co(II) central heteroatom, and (3) single-sided δ-isomer and (4) double-sided δ/δ-isomer with Co(III) central heteroatom, appeared on the decoration of the mother polyanion [Co(II/III)(OH)6Mo6O18](4-/3-)...
May 25, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535839/separation-from-parents-during-childhood-trauma-predicts-adult-attachment-security-and-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#13
R A Bryant, M Creamer, M O'Donnell, D Forbes, K L Felmingham, D Silove, G Malhi, M van Hoof, A C McFarlane, A Nickerson
BACKGROUND: Prolonged separation from parental support is a risk factor for psychopathology. This study assessed the impact of brief separation from parents during childhood trauma on adult attachment tendencies and post-traumatic stress. METHOD: Children (n = 806) exposed to a major Australian bushfire disaster in 1983 and matched controls (n = 725) were assessed in the aftermath of the fires (mean age 7-8 years) via parent reports of trauma exposure and separation from parents during the fires...
May 24, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526662/attachment-style-and-internet-addiction-an-online-survey
#14
Christiane Eichenberg, Markus Schott, Oliver Decker, Brigitte Sindelar
BACKGROUND: One of the clinically relevant problems of Internet use is the phenomenon of Internet addiction. Considering the fact that there is ample evidence for the relationship between attachment style and substance abuse, it stands to reason that attachment theory can also make an important contribution to the understanding of the pathogenesis of Internet addiction. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine people's tendency toward pathological Internet usage in relation to their attachment style...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522128/does-adult-attachment-style-mediate-the-relationship-between-childhood-maltreatment-and-mental-and-physical-health-outcomes
#15
Cathy Spatz Widom, Sally J Czaja, Sandra Sepulveda Kozakowski, Preeti Chauhan
Attachment theory has been proposed as one explanation for the relationship between childhood maltreatment and problematic mental and physical health outcomes in adulthood. This study seeks to determine whether: (1) childhood physical abuse and neglect lead to different attachment styles in adulthood, (2) adult attachment styles predict subsequent mental and physical health outcomes, and (3) adult attachment styles mediate the relationship between childhood physical abuse and neglect and mental and physical health outcomes...
May 15, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516851/intimate-partner-abuse-and-attachment-a-comparison-between-abused-and-nonabused-women
#16
M Meghan Davidson, Michael S Butchko, Janice E Castro, Krista Robbins
The purpose of this study was to examine intimate partner abuse (IPA), parental attachment, and romantic attachment among college women. More specifically, IPA was examined such that women who had experienced abuse and those who had not were compared with respect to parental and romantic attachment using the lens of attachment theory. Undergraduate women (N = 502) completed an online survey assessing their experiences of IPA as well as their parental and romantic attachment styles. Bivariate correlations demonstrated that IPA was significantly associated with all study variables (i...
May 17, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516830/childhood-victimization-attachment-coping-and-substance-use-among-victimized-women-on-probation-and-parole
#17
Amanda Dishon-Brown, Seana Golder, Tanya Renn, Katherine Winham, George E Higgins, T K Logan
Justice-involved women report high rates of victimization across their life span, and these experiences contribute to their involvement in the criminal justice (CJ) system. Within this population, research has identified an overlap among victimization and substance use, a high-risk coping mechanism. Furthermore, research indicates attachment style is related to coping and high-risk behaviors. Research is needed to understand the relationship among these mechanisms as they relate to intimate partner violence (IPV)...
May 17, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509583/the-influence-of-attachment-styles-on-sexual-communication-behavior
#18
Julia McNeil, Uzma S Rehman, Erin Fallis
Attachment theory is one of the major theoretical frameworks for understanding romantic relationships. Attachment styles are formed through interactions with caregivers and shape an individual's expectations of subsequent interpersonal relationships. In this study, we examined how attachment styles influence participants' ability to communicate with their partners about problems in their sexual relationship. A community sample of 81 couples engaged in two video-recorded discussions, one representing an aspect of the couple's sexual relationship where the male partner wanted change and the second representing an aspect of the sexual relationship where the female partner wanted change...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505384/a-systematic-review-of-the-effect-of-therapists-internalized-models-of-relationships-on-the-quality-of-the-therapeutic-relationship
#19
REVIEW
Catherine Steel, James Macdonald, Thomas Schroder
OBJECTIVE: Previous reviews have found equivocal evidence of an association between therapists' internalized relational models and the therapeutic relationship and have neglected empirical literature based on Sullivan's notion of introject. This review expanded upon previous reviews to examine the effect of therapist internalized relational models on a broader conceptualization of the therapeutic relationship. METHOD: Systematic search processes identified 22 papers measuring therapist attachment and/or introject and therapeutic relationship: 19 on therapist attachment, 5 on introject with 2 overlapping...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504323/the-systemic-interaction-of-attachment-on-psychophysiological-arousal-in-couple-conflict
#20
Nathan C Taylor, Ryan B Seedall, W David Robinson, Kay Bradford
Attachment in adult romantic relationships has long been linked to conflict styles. Psychophysiological measures have provided additional insight into this association by accessing less conscious and controlled responses to conflict. The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between attachment anxiety, attachment avoidance, and the interaction between attachment styles on skin conductance responses during conflict and recovery from conflict. Using dyadic analysis of 50 heterosexual couples, we found evidence of a systemic effect of attachment, where psychophysiological arousal increased when one partner had higher levels of attachment anxiety and the other partner had higher levels of attachment avoidance...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
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