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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922395/an-analysis-of-equine-round-pen-training-videos-posted-online-differences-between-amateur-and-professional-trainers
#1
Erin Kydd, Barbara Padalino, Cathrynne Henshall, Paul McGreevy
Natural Horsemanship is popular among many amateur and professional trainers and as such, has been the subject of recent scientific enquiry. One method commonly adopted by Natural Horsemanship (NH) trainers is that of round pen training (RPT). RPT sessions are usually split into a series of bouts; each including two phases: chasing/flight and chasing offset/flight offset. However, NH training styles are heterogeneous. This study investigated online videos of RPT to explore the characteristics of RPT sessions and test for differences in techniques and outcomes between amateurs and professionals (the latter being defined as those with accompanying online materials that promote clinics, merchandise or a service to the public)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914161/a-net-of-friends-investigating-friendship-by-integrating-attachment-theory-and-social-network-analysis
#2
Omri Gillath, Gery C Karantzas, Emre Selcuk
The current article focuses on attachment style-an individual difference widely studied in the field of close relationships-and its application to the study of social networks. Specifically, we investigated whether attachment style predicts perception and management of social networks. In Study 1, we examined the associations of attachment style with perceptions of network tie strength and multiplexity. In Studies 2a and 2b, we investigated the association between attachment style and network management skills (initiating, maintaining, and dissolving ties) and whether network management skills mediated the associations of attachment style with network tie strength and multiplexity...
July 1, 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903694/attachment-and-self-regulation
#3
Edward Orehek, Anna Vazeou-Nieuwenhuis, Ellen Quick, G Casey Weaverling
Close relationships and self-regulation are inextricably intertwined, yet many of the details regarding how interpersonal processes influence self-regulation are not well understood. To gain a better understanding of this link, we investigated the association between attachment styles and self-regulatory mode orientations. According to regulatory mode theory, locomotors are concerned with initiating goal-directed movement, whereas assessors are concerned with appraising potential means and goals. We predicted that the presence of an attachment figure with whom one has an anxious attachment would be associated with higher assessment tendencies...
March 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903645/self-expression-on-social-media-do-tweets-present-accurate-and-positive-portraits-of-impulsivity-self-esteem-and-attachment-style
#4
Edward Orehek, Lauren J Human
Self-expression values are at an all-time high, and people are increasingly relying upon social media platforms to express themselves positively and accurately. We examined whether self-expression on the social media platform Twitter elicits positive and accurate social perceptions. Eleven perceivers rated 128 individuals (targets; total dyadic impressions = 1,408) on their impulsivity, self-esteem, and attachment style, based solely on the information provided in targets' 10 most recent tweets. Targets were on average perceived normatively and with distinctive self-other agreement, indicating both positive and accurate social perceptions...
January 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891785/attachment-style-moderates-effects-of-fkbp5-polymorphisms-and-childhood-abuse-on-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-results-from-the-national-health-and-resilience-in-veterans-study
#5
Amanda J F Tamman, Lauren M Sippel, Shizhong Han, Yuval Neria, John H Krystal, Steven M Southwick, Joel Gelernter, Robert H Pietrzak
OBJECTIVES: To determine the main and interactive effects of four FKBP5 polymorphisms (rs9296158, rs3800373, rs1360780, and rs9470080), childhood abuse, and attachment style in predicting severity of PTSD symptoms in two independent, nationally representative samples of U.S. military veterans. METHODS: Data were analyzed from two independent samples of European American (EA) U.S. military veterans who participated in the National Health and Resilience in Veterans Study (N = 1,585 and 577 respectively)...
September 11, 2017: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888136/activating-attachment-representations-during-memory-retrieval-modulates-intrusive-traumatic-memories
#6
Richard A Bryant, Iris Chan
Although priming mental representations of attachment security reduces arousal, research has not examined the effect of attachment on the retrieval of emotionally arousing memories. This study investigated the effect of priming attachment security on the retrieval of emotional memories. Seventy-five participants viewed negative and neutral images, and two days later received either an attachment prime or a control prime immediately prior to free recall of the images. Two days later, participants reported how frequently they experienced intrusions of the negative images...
September 6, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885733/attachment-styles-pain-intensity-and-emotional-variables-in-women-with-fibromyalgia
#7
Cecilia Peñacoba, Soledad Perez-Calvo, Sheila Blanco, Lucía Sanroman
This study aims to explore the relations between attachment styles and pain intensity and certain emotional variables (anxiety, depression and alexithymia) in a sample of fibromyalgia patients, in comparison with healthy women. Data were collected from 146 women with fibromyalgia and 122 healthy women. The variables studied were attachment style, pain intensity, anxiety, depression and alexithymia dimensions. Patients with fibromyalgia showed lower percentages of secure attachment style (69.9% vs. 86%) whilst showing higher avoidant attachment (19...
September 8, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884239/nano-composite-foam-sensor-system-in-football-helmets
#8
A Jake Merrell, William F Christensen, Matthew K Seeley, Anton E Bowden, David T Fullwood
American football has both the highest rate of concussion incidences as well as the highest number of concussions of all contact sports due to both the number of athletes and nature of the sport. Recent research has linked concussions with long term health complications such as chronic traumatic encephalopathy and early onset Alzheimer's. Understanding the mechanical characteristics of concussive impacts is critical to help protect athletes from these debilitating diseases and is now possible using helmet-based sensor systems...
September 7, 2017: Annals of Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883918/predicting-intolerance-of-uncertainty-in-individuals-with-eating-disorder-symptoms
#9
Lot C Sternheim, Martin Fisher, Amy Harrison, Rosamond Watling
BACKGROUND: Intolerance of Uncertainty (IU) is recognized for its contribution to various psychopathologies, in particular anxiety and depression. Studies highlight the relevance of IU for Eating Disorders (EDs) however, potential factors contributing to IU in EDs remain unstudied. METHODS: Three hundred and forty-nine women with ED symptoms and 214 individuals without ED symptoms were recruited and compared on levels of IU, insecure (anxious and avoidant) attachment styles, extraversion and openness...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880100/interpersonal-mechanisms-linking-close-relationships-to-health
#10
Paula R Pietromonaco, Nancy L Collins
Close relationships play a vital role in human health, but much remains to be learned about specific mechanisms of action and potential avenues for intervention. This article provides an evaluation of research on close relationships processes relevant to health, drawing on themes from major relationship science theories to present a broad conceptual framework for understanding the interpersonal processes and intrapersonal pathways linking relationships to health and disease outcomes. The analysis reveals that both social connection and social disconnection broadly shape biological responses and behaviors that are consequential for health...
September 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873269/do-therapists-subjective-variables-impact-on-psychodynamic-psychotherapy-outcomes-a-systematic-literature-review
#11
Vittorio Lingiardi, Laura Muzi, Annalisa Tanzilli, Nicola Carone
BACKGROUND: Despite growing attention to the general therapist effects in a wide range of clinical settings, little is known about the individual, cross-situational, and therapy-nonspecific variables that impact on the differential effectiveness of clinicians. The current study is a systematic review of the evidence relating to the influence of therapist's subjective characteristics on outcomes of psychodynamic psychotherapies. METHOD: A multistage and systematic search of articles published between 1987 and 2017 identified 30 relevant studies, which were organized into 6 areas according to the specific therapist's variable considered...
September 5, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871239/arginine-vasopressin-effects-on-subjective-judgments-and-neural-responses-to-same-and-other-sex-faces-in-men-and-women
#12
James K Rilling, Ting Li, Xiangchuan Chen, Pritam Gautam, Ebrahim Haroon, Richmond R Thompson
Arginine vasopressin (AVP) influences social and emotional behaviors across a wide range of species. In humans, intranasal AVP has been previously shown to alter physiological responses to and subjective judgments of same-sex faces in both men and women. The present study attempted to elucidate the neural mechanism for these effects by randomizing 40 healthy men and 40 healthy women to treatment with either 40 IU intranasal AVP or a saline placebo approximately 30 min before imaging their brain function with fMRI as they viewed same and other-sex faces...
2017: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863304/is-therapist-evaluation-of-social-anxiety-avoidance-traits-associated-with-patient-reported-attachment-style
#13
Michael Katz, Mark J Hilsenroth
The Social Anxiety/Avoidance Scale was recently added to the Shedler Westen Assessment Procedure (SWAP), and requires independent validation. This study used data drawn from a larger ongoing project in order to retrospectively examine its convergent validity with two self-report attachment measures: Relationship Questionnaire (RQ) and Experiences in Close Relationships Questionnaire-Revised (ECR-R). Fifty-two patients completed the RQ and the ECR-R before beginning psychotherapy treatment. Clinicians rated the patients on the SWAP after six sessions...
August 10, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837949/adult-attachment-predicts-the-seven-year-course-of-recurrent-depression-in-primary-care
#14
Henk Jan Conradi, Jan H Kamphuis, Peter de Jonge
BACKGROUND: Attachment theory posits that attachment has a persistent, long-term impact on depression. Empirical data on associations between adult attachment and the long-term course of depression is, however, scarce. The present study addresses this omission. METHOD: Primary care patients with a history of depression (n = 103) completed the Experiences in Close Relationships questionnaire measuring adult attachment dimensions (avoidance and anxiety) and styles (secure, preoccupied, dismissing and fearful)...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831948/social-and-psychological-consequences-of-not-crying-possible-associations-with-psychopathology-and-therapeutic-relevance
#15
Dale C Hesdorffer, Ad J J M Vingerhoets, Michael R Trimble
OBJECTIVE: Emotional crying is hypothesized to serve intra- and interpersonal functions. Intrapersonal functions are assumed to facilitate the capacity to recover from emotional distress, thus promoting well-being. Interpersonal functions are postulated to have a major impact on social functioning. We hypothesized that non-criers would have lower well-being and poorer social functioning than criers. METHODS: Study participants included 475 people who reportedly lost the capacity to cry and 179 "normal" control criers...
August 23, 2017: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826378/improvement-in-adult-anxious-and-avoidant-attachment-during-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-panic-disorder
#16
Dina Zalaznik, Michal Weiss, Jonathan D Huppert
OBJECTIVE: This study examined attachment within the framework of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for panic disorder with agoraphobia (PDA) by measuring the changes in avoidant and anxious attachment in a session-by-session analysis. METHOD: Thirty-one patients with PDA were treated using CBT. Pre-session data on attachment style (ECR), avoidance behaviors (MI-alone: MI-al; MI-accompanied: MI-ac), anxiety sensitivity (ASI), emotion regulation (ERQ), and working alliance (WAI) were collected...
August 22, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815358/friendship-attachment-style-moderates-the-effect-of-adolescent-exposure-to-violence-on-emerging-adult-depression-and-anxiety-trajectories
#17
Justin E Heinze, Stephanie H Cook, Erica P Wood, Anne C Dumadag, Marc A Zimmerman
Exposure to violence during adolescence is associated with increased risk behaviors and mental health problems in adulthood. Friendship attachment during adolescence may, however, mitigate the negative effects of exposure to violence on trajectories of depression and anxiety in young adulthood. In this study, we used growth curve modeling to examine associations between exposure to violence and mental health outcomes, followed by multi-group analyses with friendship attachment as the moderator. The sample was drawn from a longitudinal study (12 waves; 1994-2012) of 676 (54% female) urban high school students...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812274/oxytocin-and-anxiety-disorders
#18
Michael G Gottschalk, Katharina Domschke
In the present chapter, we review the literature focusing on oxytocin (OT)-centered research in anxiety spectrum conditions, comprising separation anxiety disorder, specific phobias, social anxiety disorder (SAD), panic disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, and anxiety-related endophenotypes (e.g., trust behavior, behavioral inhibition, neuroticism, and state/trait anxiety). OT receptor gene (OXTR) polymorphisms have been implicated in gene-environment interactions with attachment style and childhood maltreatment and to influence clinical outcomes, including SAD intensity and limbic responsiveness...
August 16, 2017: Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812273/a-precision-medicine-approach-to-oxytocin%C3%A2-trials
#19
Elissar Andari, Rene Hurlemann, Larry J Young
In this chapter, we introduce a new area of social pharmacology that encompasses the study of the role of neuromodulators in modulating a wide range of social behaviors and brain function, with the interplay of genetic and epigenetic factors. There are increasing evidences for the role of the neuropeptide oxytocin in modulating a wide range of social behaviors, in reducing anxiety, and in impacting the social brain network. Oxytocin also promotes social functions in patients with neuropsychiatric disorders, such as autism and reduces anxiety and fear in anxiety disorders...
August 16, 2017: Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810935/men-s-sexual-coerciveness-perceptions-of-women-s-attachment-and-dating-preferences
#20
Lucie Holmgreen, Debra Oswald
This study examined whether sexually coercive men are uniquely drawn to certain attachment styles in women. Specifically, it employed an experimental design to investigate what sorts of inferences men draw about women based on women's attachment styles and whether a woman's attachment style may serve as an indicator of vulnerability, rendering sexually coercive men more attracted to some women than to others. One-hundred thirty-six college men completed a measure of sexual coerciveness and answered questions about personal ads experimentally manipulated for portrayed attachment style...
August 15, 2017: Violence and Victims
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