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Satoko Nakano, Sunao Sugita, Yasuhiro Tomaru, Ayumi Hono, Takako Nakamuro, Toshiaki Kubota, Hiroshi Takase, Manabu Mochizuki, Masayo Takahashi, Norio Shimizu
Purpose: To establish and evaluate a new multiplex solid-phase strip polymerase chain reaction (strip PCR) for concurrent detection of common ocular infectious disease pathogens. Methods: A new multiplex strip PCR was established to detect 24 common ocular infectious disease pathogens: herpes simplex virus (HSV) 1, HSV2, varicella-zoster virus (VZV), Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), cytomegalovirus (CMV), human herpes virus (HHV) 6, HHV7, HHV8, human T-cell lymphotropic virus (HTLV)-1, adenovirus, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Treponema pallidum, Propionibacterium acnes (P...
March 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
V Seta, F Fichel, J-F Méritet, S Bouam, N Franck, M-F Avril, N Dupin
BACKGROUND: Although varicelliform Kaposi eruption is a well-known complication of dermatoses, it has not been widely investigated. AIM: To investigate features of dermatoses and herpes superinfection in patients hospitalized in a dermatology department. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a single-centre, retrospective study between 2008 and 2014 that included cases of Kaposi varicelliform eruptions defined by positive PCR of an unconventional site of herpetic recurrence in a setting of active dermatitis...
March 2017: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
Andy A Yanez, Telvin Harrell, Heather J Sriranganathan, Angela M Ives, Andrea S Bertke
Herpes simplex viruses (HSV1 and HSV2) establish latency in peripheral ganglia after ocular or genital infection, and can reactivate to produce different patterns and frequencies of recurrent disease. Previous studies showed that nerve growth factor (NGF) maintains HSV1 latency in embryonic sympathetic and sensory neurons. However, adult sensory neurons are no longer dependent on NGF for survival, some populations cease expression of NGF receptors postnatally, and the viruses preferentially establish latency in different populations of sensory neurons responsive to other neurotrophic factors (NTFs)...
February 7, 2017: Pathogens
Ondrej Ondič, Radoslav Ferko, Jana Kašpírková, Marián Švajdler, Boris Rýchly, Peter Talarčík, Jiří Bouda, Michal Michal
AIM: The aim of this study was the characterization of a new subtype of high-grade cervical squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL) with enlarged cells containing bizarre nuclei: so-called bizarre cell dysplasia (BCD). METHODS: A total of 29 cervical cone biopsy samples of this type of dysplasia were studied. Multi-target polymerase chain reaction and in situ hybridization human papillomavirus (HPV) detection was performed in all cases. BCD was defined as a subtype of HSIL characterized by the presence of large dysplastic cells with abnormal, large pleomorphic nuclei or multinucleation causing nucleomegaly...
February 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
Seok Joong Yun, Pildu Jeong, Ho Won Kang, Helen Ki Shinn, Ye-Hwan Kim, Chunri Yan, Young-Ki Choi, Dongho Kim, Dong Hee Ryu, Yun-Sok Ha, Tae-Hwan Kim, Tae Gyun Kwon, Jung Min Kim, Sang Heon Suh, Seon-Kyu Kim, Seon-Young Kim, Sang Tae Kim, Won Tae Kim, Ok-Jun Lee, Sung-Kwon Moon, Nam-Hyung Kim, Isaac Yi Kim, Jayoung Kim, Hee-Jae Cha, Yung-Hyun Choi, Eun-Jong Cha, Wun-Jae Kim
[This corrects the article on p. 122 in vol. 20, PMID: 27377944.].
December 2016: International Neurourology Journal
Ning Wang, Yuanyuan Zhen, Yiguang Jin, Xueting Wang, Ning Li, Shaohong Jiang, Ting Wang
To develop effective mucosal vaccines, two types of multifunctional liposomes, the mannosylated lipid A-liposomes (MLLs) with a size of 200nm and the stealth lipid A-liposomes (SLLs) of 50nm, both loaded with a model antigen and NH4HCO3, were fabricated together into microneedles, forming the proSLL/MLL-constituted microneedle array (proSMMA), which upon rehydration dissolved rapidly recovering the initial MLLs and SLLs. Mice vaccinated with proSMMAs by vaginal mucosa patching other than conventional intradermal administration established robust antigen-specific humoral and cellular immunity at both systemic and mucosal levels, especially, in the reproductive and intestinal ducts...
December 13, 2016: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
Michelle Palmieri, Victor Adriano de Oliveira Martins, Laura Masami Sumita, Tania Regina Tozetto-Mendoza, Bruna Baraldi Romano, Clarisse Martins Machado, Claudio Sergio Pannuti, Thaís Bianca Brandão, Ana Carolina Prado Ribeiro, Luciana Corrêa, Paulo Henrique Braz-Silva
OBJECTIVE: Opportunistic infections may affect the oral mucosa of patients undergoing radio/chemotherapy through exacerbation of oral mucositis. The aim of this study is to evaluate the oral shedding of all eight human herpesviruses and its possible association with oral mucositis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, we analyzed oral rinse samples, collected weekly, from 20 patients during radiotherapy treatment. Serologic status to HSV1 and HSV2, EBV, CMV, and VZV in three different periods was performed by ELISA assay...
December 14, 2016: Clinical Oral Investigations
Mina Malary, Ghasem Abedi, Zeinab Hamzehgardeshi, Mahdi Afshari, Mahmood Moosazadeh
BACKGROUND: Seroepidemiologic studies indicate a high prevalence of herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection. This infection leads to ophthalmic, dermatologic, oral, neurologic, vaginal and cervical problems. Different studies have been carried out to estimate the HSV seroprevalence in Iran. Combining the results of these studies would be useful for health policy-making. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to estimate the pooled prevalence of HSV infection using meta-analysis...
October 2016: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
Su-Hsun Liu, I-Shiang Tzeng, Tsung-Han Hsieh, Yhu-Chering Huang
OBJECTIVES: Evidence on the association between herpes simplex virus (HSV) and excessive adiposity, such as obesity (body mass index ≥30 kg/m(2)) and abdominal obesity (waist circumference (WC) >102 or 88 cm), has been inconsistent. We sought to examine whether age-period-cohort (APC) effects could explain for the observed heterogeneities. DESIGN: Population-based cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS: Adults aged 20-49 years with available serological data in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) in 1999-2012...
October 17, 2016: BMJ Open
Zhenqiu Liu, Qiwen Fang, Jialu Zuo, Jun Wang, Yue Chen, Veenu Minhas, Charles Wood, Na He, Tiejun Zhang
Men who have sex with men (MSM) are an important risk group for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and at high-risk of herpesvirus infection. However, limited information on epidemiologic patterns of HHV8 and HSV2 among MSM is available in mainland China. A cross-sectional study of 486 participants was performed in Shanghai, China from January 2013 to December 2014 to explore epidemiologic features of HHV8 and HSV2 among MSM. Serum samples were collected and tested for HHV8 by immunofluoresence assay and HSV2 antibodies by ELISA...
May 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
Barbara Van Der Pol
HSV-1 and HSV-2 are among the most common causes of sexually transmitted infections (stis) globally. these infections are strongly associated with increased risk of hiv acquisition and rare, but devastating, neonatal disease. available treatment options can reduce HSV transmission and improve quality of life. accurate diagnosis early in disease can improve patient management. Areas covered: This paper describes the clinical manifestations of HSV infection often used for clinical diagnostic purposes. The paper then describes the evolution of laboratory diagnostic assays...
November 2016: Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics
Allan Lieberman, Luke Curtis
We report the case of a 57 year-old woman who developed transverse myelitis and acute HSV-2 reactivation following influenza vaccination. Over the next 5 years, she experienced a fluctuating course of improvement and regression for both myelitis and herpes.
March 4, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
Parichehr Ghalayani, Fateme Rashidi, Zahra Saberi
OBJECTIVES: Regarding the implication of viruses particularly herpes in pemphigus vulgaris, we sought to assess and compare the level of immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibodies against herpes simplex virus types 1 and 2 (HSV1 and HSV2), cytomegalovirus (CMV) and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) in patients with pemphigus vulgaris and healthy people. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 25 patients with pemphigus vulgaris and 27 healthy individuals comprised the experimental and control groups, respectively...
November 2015: Journal of Dentistry of Tehran University of Medical Sciences
Seok Joong Yun, Pildu Jeong, Ho Won Kang, Helen Ki Shinn, Ye-Hwan Kim, Chunri Yan, Young-Ki Choi, Dongho Kim, Dong Hee Ryu, Yun-Sok Ha, Tae-Hwan Kim, Tae Gyun Kwon, Jung Min Kim, Sang Heon Suh, Seon-Kyu Kim, Seon-Young Kim, Sang Tae Kim, Won Tae Kim, Ok-Jun Lee, Sung-Kwon Moon, Nam-Hyung Kim, Isaac Yi Kim, Jayoung Kim, Hee-Jae Cha, Yung-Hyun Choi, Eun-Jong Cha, Wun-Jae Kim
PURPOSE: Previously, we reported the presence of virus-encoded microRNAs (miRNAs) in the urine of prostate cancer (CaP) patients. In this study, we investigated the expression of two herpes virus-encoded miRNAs in prostate tissue. METHODS: A total of 175 tissue samples from noncancerous benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), 248 tissue samples from patients with CaP and BPH, and 50 samples from noncancerous surrounding tissues from these same patients were analyzed for the expression of two herpes virus-encoded miRNAs by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and immunocytochemistry using nanoparticles as molecular beacons...
June 2016: International Neurourology Journal
Andrea A Kim, Bharat S Parekh, Mamo Umuro, Tura Galgalo, Rebecca Bunnell, Ernest Makokha, Trudy Dobbs, Patrick Murithi, Nicholas Muraguri, Kevin M De Cock, Jonathan Mermin
INTRODUCTION: A recent infection testing algorithm (RITA) that can distinguish recent from long-standing HIV infection can be applied to nationally representative population-based surveys to characterize and identify risk factors for recent infection in a country. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We applied a RITA using the Limiting Antigen Avidity Enzyme Immunoassay (LAg) on stored HIV-positive samples from the 2007 Kenya AIDS Indicator Survey. The case definition for recent infection included testing recent on LAg and having no evidence of antiretroviral therapy use...
2016: PloS One
Thomas Köller, Daniel Kurze, Mirjam Lange, Martin Scherdin, Andreas Podbielski, Philipp Warnke
A fully automated multiplex real-time PCR assay--including a sample process control and a plasmid based positive control--for the detection and differentiation of herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV1), herpes simplex virus 2 (HSV2) and varicella-zoster virus (VZV) from cerebrospinal fluids (CSF) was developed on the BD Max platform. Performance was compared to an established accredited multiplex real time PCR protocol utilizing the easyMAG and the LightCycler 480/II, both very common devices in viral molecular diagnostics...
2016: PloS One
Mahmoud Huleihel, Elad Shufan, Leila Zeiri, Ahmad Salman
Of the eight members of the herpes family of viruses, HSV1, HSV2, and varicella zoster are the most common and are mainly involved in cutaneous disorders. These viruses usually are not life-threatening, but in some cases they might cause serious infections to the eyes and the brain that can lead to blindness and possibly death. An effective drug (acyclovir and its derivatives) is available against these viruses. Therefore, early detection and identification of these viral infections is highly important for an effective treatment...
2016: PloS One
Lyudmila Ivanova, Anna Buch, Katinka Döhner, Anja Pohlmann, Anne Binz, Ute Prank, Malte Sandbaumhüter, Rudolf Bauerfeind, Beate Sodeik
UNLABELLED: Herpes simplex virus (HSV) replicates in the skin and mucous membranes, and initiates lytic or latent infections in sensory neurons. Assembly of progeny virions depends on the essential large tegument protein pUL36 of 3,164 amino acid residues that links the capsids to the tegument proteins pUL37 and VP16. Of the 32 tryptophans of HSV-1-pUL36, the tryptophan-acidic motifs (1766)WD(1767) and (1862)WE(1863) are conserved in all HSV-1 and HSV-2 isolates. Here, we characterized the role of these motifs in the HSV life cycle since the rare tryptophans often have unique roles in protein function due to their large hydrophobic surface...
June 1, 2016: Journal of Virology
Katherine E Gallagher, Kathy Baisley, Heiner Grosskurth, Andrew Vallely, Saidi Kapiga, Judith Vandepitte, Anatoli Kamali, Silvia De Sanjosé, John Changalucha, Richard Hayes, Deborah Watson-Jones
OBJECTIVE: This study was performed to analyze the associations between cervical human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) acquisition, using cervical samples from previous studies in Tanzania and Uganda. METHODS: A total of 161 adult women who acquired HIV infection during follow-up and 464 individually matched HIV-seronegative controls were selected from 5 cohorts of women working in bars and recreational facilities. Stored cervical samples were tested for 37 HPV genotypes, using a polymerase chain reaction assay (Roche Linear Array genotyping assay)...
July 1, 2016: Journal of Infectious Diseases
Elisa Crisci, Rada Ellegård, Sofia Nyström, Elin Rondahl, Lena Serrander, Tomas Bergström, Christopher Sjöwall, Kristina Eriksson, Marie Larsson
UNLABELLED: Herpes simplex virus 2 (HSV-2) is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections globally, with a very high prevalence in many countries. During HSV-2 infection, viral particles become coated with complement proteins and antibodies, both present in genital fluids, which could influence the activation of immune responses. In genital mucosa, the primary target cells for HSV-2 infection are epithelial cells, but resident immune cells, such as dendritic cells (DCs), are also infected...
May 15, 2016: Journal of Virology
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