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Tomi L Olatunji, Anthony J Afolayan
Human micronutrient dietary deficiency remains an enormous global problem and probably accounts for the cause of many chronic health conditions and diseases. Above two (2) billion individuals on the planet today have been estimated to be deficient in major minerals and vitamins, predominantly zinc, iodine, vitamin A, and iron primarily due to inadequate dietary intake. The eradication of deficiencies in micronutrient on a sustainable basis will be conceivable only when diets of vulnerable populace provide all required nutrients in adequate amounts...
November 2018: Food Science & Nutrition
Andy Wai Kan Yeung, Nikolay T Tzvetkov, Atanas G Atanasov
Background: Considering the enormous progress in the field of neuropharmacology and its global importance, as well as the lack of bibliometric studies examining this field as a whole, it is a high time to assess the prevailing topics and citation performances of its research works. Methods : Web of Science (WoS) was searched to identify relevant neuropharmacology articles, which were analyzed with reference to (1) publication year, (2) journal title, (3) total citation count, (4) authorship, (5) WoS category, and (6) manuscript type...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
Sultan Ayoub Meo
Writing and publishing a scientific paper in academic journals is a highly competitive, time-consuming stepwise process. The road to scientific writing and publication is rarely straightforward. Scientific writing has uniform format, which is perplexing for the novice science writers due to its inflexible anatomy (structure) and physiology (functions). Many obstacles are allied with the scientific writing path which can be minimized by applying some simple guidelines and practices. The scientific papers have an almost similar format but, original articles are divided into distinct sections and each segment contains a specific type of information...
November 2018: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
Lisa M Vallely, Dianne Egli-Gany, William Pomat, Caroline Se Homer, Rebecca Guy, Handan Wand, Bronwyn Silver, Alice R Rumbold, John M Kaldor, Nicola Low, Andrew J Vallely
INTRODUCTION: Several bacterial sexually transmitted and genital mycoplasma infections during pregnancy have been associated with poor pregnancy and perinatal outcomes. Comprehensive and systematic information about associations between sexually transmitted infections (STI) and genital infections in pregnancy and adverse perinatal outcomes is needed to improve understanding about the evidence for causal associations between these infections and adverse pregnancy and neonatal outcomes...
November 28, 2018: BMJ Open
Gina DeSevo Bellottie, Jennifer Kirwin, Rachel A Allen, Heidi N Anksorus, Kassandra M Bartelme, Michelle M Bottenberg, Colleen Clark Dula, Teresa H Kane, Phillip H Lee, Ashlee McMillan, Brittany L Riley, Rashi Waghel
OUR SITUATION: The Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education outlines ability statements that pharmacy students should be able to demonstrate prior to beginning their Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experiences (APPEs). Practice laboratory courses offer extensive opportunities for students to participate in activities and assessments that enable them to meet the objectives outlined in the Pre-APPE Core Domains in Standards 2016. This review identifies selected published literature, activities, and assessment methods that can be adapted and implemented in practice laboratory courses to help achieve the abilities outlined within the Pre-APPE Core Domains...
September 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
Xiao Sun, Xiaobin Zhou, Yan Yu, Haihua Liu
BACKGROUND: Systematic reviews (SRs) and meta-analyses (MAs) are distillation of current best available evidence, but are potentially prone to bias. The bias of SRs and MAs comes from sampling bias, selection bias and within study bias. So, their reporting quality is especially important as it may directly influence their utility for clinicians, nurses, patients and policy makers. The SRs and MAs on nursing interventions in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) have been increasingly published over the past decade, but the reporting quality of article has not been evaluated after the introduction of Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta Analyses (PRISMA) Statement...
November 29, 2018: BMC Medical Research Methodology
Haley Glazebrook, Blair Miller, Ivan Wong
Background: Anterior shoulder instability is the most common sequela of shoulder dislocation and can result in repeated dislocations or subluxation of the glenohumeral joint. Anterior shoulder instability can be treated conservatively or surgically with several procedures. Purpose: To date, arthroscopic Bankart is the most common surgical procedure for the treatment of anterior shoulder instability. No previous studies have compared all anterior shoulder surgical procedures...
November 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Lucia Domingues, Eduardo B Cruz, Fernando M Pimentel-Santos, Sofia Ramiro, Helena Donato, Santiago Rodrigues Manica, Jill Alison Hayden, Rachelle Buchbinder, Jaime C Branco
INTRODUCTION: Neck pain is a common musculoskeletal disorder worldwide. It can result in significant disability and impaired quality of life. More than 50% of patients with neck pain still report symptoms 1 year later despite receiving different forms of non-pharmacological and pharmacological treatment. Identifying patient characteristics that are modifiable or predict recovery and non-recovery for an individual patient might identify ways of improving outcomes. This systematic review aims to comprehensively summarise the existing evidence regarding baseline patient characteristics associated with recovery and non-recovery, as defined by measures of pain intensity, disability and global perceived improvement...
November 25, 2018: BMJ Open
Aljazi Aljabaa, Khalid Almoammar, Abdullah Aldrees, Greg Huang
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this systematic review was to investigate the ability of vibrational devices to increase the rate of orthodontic tooth movement or reduce pain associated with orthodontic treatment. METHODS: An electronic search for relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs) was conducted using Medline via OVID (January 1, 1966, through March 30, 2018), and EMBASE, PubMed, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials until August 2017. Hand searching of selected orthodontic journals was also undertaken...
December 2018: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
(no author information available yet)
Since the beginning of 2017, Cancer Communications (former title: Chinese Journal of Cancer) has published a series of important questions regarding cancer research and clinical oncology, to provide an enhanced stimulus for cancer research, and to accelerate collaborations between institutions and investigators. In this edition, the following 8 valuable questions are presented. Question 94. The origin of tumors: time for a new paradigm? Question 95. How can we accelerate the identification of biomarkers for the early detection of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma? Question 96...
November 26, 2018: Cancer communications
(no author information available yet)
American Journal of Gastroenterology is pleased to publish notices of educational events relating to topics covered in the Journal. Announcements in this column are limited to the dates, title, location, and main sponsor of the course; and the name, address, and telephone and fax numbers for further information.
November 2018: American Journal of Gastroenterology
Pietro Cipresso, Irene Alice Chicchi Giglioli, Mariano Alcañiz Raya, Giuseppe Riva
The recent appearance of low cost virtual reality (VR) technologies - like the Oculus Rift, the HTC Vive and the Sony PlayStation VR - and Mixed Reality Interfaces (MRITF) - like the Hololens - is attracting the attention of users and researchers suggesting it may be the next largest stepping stone in technological innovation. However, the history of VR technology is longer than it may seem: the concept of VR was formulated in the 1960s and the first commercial VR tools appeared in the late 1980s. For this reason, during the last 20 years, 100s of researchers explored the processes, effects, and applications of this technology producing 1000s of scientific papers...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Tamina Levy, Kate Laver, Maggie Killington, Natasha Lannin, Maria Crotty
OBJECTIVE: To review methods for measuring adherence to exercise or physical activity practice recommendations in the stroke population and evaluate measurement properties of identified tools. DATA SOURCES: Two systematic searches were conducted in eight databases (MEDLINE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Cochrane Library of Systematic Reviews, Sports Discus, PEDro, PubMed and EMBASE). Phase 1 was conducted to identify measures. Phase 2 was conducted to identify studies investigating properties of these measures...
November 21, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
Naoki Sato, Kaoru Sato
Typical studies on the history of science, or particularly of biology, have been focused on a particular scientist or book, but this selection has a risk of being arbitrary. To find a more objective way of studying history of biology, we applied a statistical method. First, we downloaded from the PubMed database all available titles and abstracts of 934,807 articles in 32 selected journals from 1965 to 2014, and extracted most frequently used 322 terms by text mining. Clustering of these terms according to the annual frequency of usage resulted in three main clusters: Cluster 1 represented terms that were no longer used frequently, Cluster 3 included terms that became abundantly used recently, and Cluster 2 contained terms constantly used...
November 17, 2018: Journal of Theoretical Biology
Mimi R Borrelli, Reem Farwana, Tom W Andrew, Maria Chicco, Munir Abukhder, Dima Mobarak, Rachel Thavayogan, Riaz Agha, Thomas E Pidgeon
BACKGROUND: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are gold standard assessments for healthcare interventions. The Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) statement was published to maximize RCT reporting transparency. The authors conducted a systematic review to assess current compliance of RCTs published within craniofacial surgery with the CONSORT statement. METHODS: The Thomson Reuters Impact Factor Report 2016 was consulted to identify craniofacial surgery journals...
November 15, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Iramar Baptistella do Nascimento, Guilherme Dienstmann, Matheus Leite Ramos de Souza, Raquel Fleig, Carla Beatriz Pimentel Cesar Hoffmann, Jean Carl Silva
OBJECTIVE:  Does the use of metformin have an influence on the outcomes of preeclampsia (PE)? SOURCES OF DATA:  The descriptors pregnancy , metformin , treatment , and preeclampsia associated with the Boolean operators AND and OR were found in the MEDLINE, LILACS, Embase and Cochrane databases. A flowchart with exclusion criteria and inclusion strategy using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) protocol, and eligibility criteria was used...
November 2018: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
James Ray Yan, Hassan Baldawi, Johnathan Robert Lex, Gabriel Simchovich, Louis-Philippe Baisi, Anthony Bozzo, Michelle Ghert
BACKGROUND: The open-access model has changed the landscape of academic publishing over the last 20 years. An unfortunate consequence has been the advent of predatory publishing, which exploits the open-access model for monetary gain by collecting publishing fees from authors under the pretense of being a legitimate publication while providing little-to-no peer review. This study aims to investigate the predatory publishing phenomenon in orthopaedic literature. METHODS: We searched Beall's List of Predatory Journals and Publishers and another list of predatory journals for journal titles that are possibly related to orthopaedics...
November 7, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
Emily Belita, Jennifer Yost, Janet E Squires, Rebecca Ganann, Trish Burnett, Maureen Dobbins
BACKGROUND: There are growing professional expectations for nurses to engage in and develop competence in evidence-informed decision-making (EIDM) due to opportunities for improved client and community outcomes and provision of the highest quality of care. However, EIDM is underdeveloped, with low implementation rates among nurses. The use of indicators to assess EIDM performance has potential to encourage nurses' engagement in EIDM through competence recognition and support assessment of strengths and competency gaps for individual nurses and organizations...
November 3, 2018: Systematic Reviews
Susan M Friedman, Paul Mulhausen, Maryjo L Cleveland, Patrick P Coll, Kathryn M Daniel, Arthur D Hayward, Krupa Shah, Beata Skudlarska, Heidi K White
In July 2015, the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society published a manuscript titled, "Failing to Focus on Healthy Aging: A Frailty of Our Discipline?" In response, the American Geriatrics Society (AGS) Clinical Practice and Models of Care Committee and Public Education Committee developed a white paper calling on the AGS and its members to play a more active role in promoting healthy aging. The executive summary presented here summarizes the recommendations from that white paper. The full version is published online at GeriatricsCareOnline...
November 1, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Francesco Aletta, Tin Oberman, Jian Kang
In policy-making and research alike, environmental sounds are often considered only as psychophysical stressors, leading to adverse health effects. The soundscape approach, on the other hand, aims to extend the scope of sound-related research to consider sounds as resources, promoting healthy and supportive environments. The ISO 12913-1 standard defined soundscapes as acoustic environments "as perceived by people, in context." The aim of this study was assessing associations between positive soundscapes (e...
October 29, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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