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Aaron B Caughey, Stephen L Wood, George A Macones, Ian J Wrench, Jeffrey Huang, Mikael Norman, Karin Pettersson, William J Fawcett, Medhat M Shalabi, Amy Metcalfe, Leah Gramlich, Gregg Nelson, R Douglas Wilson
OBJECTIVE: This ERAS Guideline for intraoperative care in Cesarean Delivery (CD) will provide best practice, evidenced-based, recommendations for intra-operative care with primarily, a maternal focus. The 'focused' pathway process for scheduled and unscheduled CD, for this ERAS CD guideline will consider, from decision to operate (starting with the 30 - 60 minutes prior to skin incision) through the conduct of the surgery. METHODS: The literature search (1966-2017) used Embase and PubMed to search medical subject headings including "Cesarean Section", "Cesarean Section", "Cesarean Section Delivery" and all pre- and intra-operative ERAS® items...
August 14, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Jessica Szu-Chia Chen, Anes Yang, Dédée F Murrell
BACKGROUND: Osteopenia and osteoporosis are one of the many comorbidities in patients with Epidermolysis Bullosa (EB). Current literature on the prevalence of osteoporosis in EB is scarce. OBJECTIVE: This review will analyse the current literature in the field of patients with compromised bone health in EB and any articles on the prevalence of such diseases in EB groups. METHODS: A systematic search for articles related to bone health and epidermolysis bullosa (EB) (1946-2017) was performed on seven databases: MEDLINE, Embase and EBM, PubMed, ProQuest, Scopus and Web of Science...
August 17, 2018: Experimental Dermatology
Gabriela E Leghi, Philippa F Middleton, Beverly S Muhlhausler
BACKGROUND: Breast milk composition has been reported to vary significantly between individual women and between different populations. However, the composition is also known to vary within the same woman between different days, within the same day, and even across the same feed. Therefore, it is unclear to what extent variations in composition are due to variations in sampling methodology between studies. The purpose of this systematic review is to compare the results obtained for breast milk macronutrient composition between studies utilizing different sampling methodologies and to use this as a basis to determine the most robust and consistent sampling approach as an alternative to full expression (gold standard)...
August 16, 2018: Systematic Reviews
Neil A J Ryan, Dominic Blake, Marcus Cabrera-Dandy, Mark A Glaire, D Gareth Evans, Emma J Crosbie
BACKGROUND: Lynch syndrome is the most common inherited cancer syndrome, which predisposes individuals to a number of different cancers, principally colorectal and endometrial cancer. The early diagnosis of Lynch syndrome enables colorectal surveillance, which has been shown to save lives through the detection and removal of premalignant polyps and earlier detection of invasive disease. Endometrial cancer, which is often the sentinel cancer in women, provides an opportunity to diagnose Lynch syndrome and thus enable colorectal surveillance as well as the cascade testing for Lynch syndrome in other family members...
August 16, 2018: Systematic Reviews
J Bradford Rice, Alan G White, Lauren M Scarpati, George J Wan, Winnie W Nelson
OBJECTIVE: Non-infectious inflammatory eye diseases (IEDs), although rare, are complex and varied and may result in detrimental effects. A systematic literature review was conducted on the clinical outcome and economic burden of IED. METHODS: The Ovid search platform (Wolters Kluwer) was used to access scientific literature databases, including MEDLINE, Embase, Cochrane libraries, Health Technology Assessment, and the NHS Economic Evaluation database. The search strategy targeted clinical and economic outcomes research in 2009-2016...
August 16, 2018: Current Medical Research and Opinion
Wondale Getinet, Tadele Amare, Berhanu Boru, Shegaye Shumet, Wubet Worku, Telake Azale
Introduction: Antenatal depression is a syndrome, in which women experience depressed mood, excessive anxiety, insomnia, and change in weight during the period of pregnancy. Maternal depression negatively influences child outcomes and maternal health. Antenatal depression was measured by different rating scales, namely, BDI, EPDS, and PHQ. The objective of this systematic review was to synthesize logical evidence about the prevalence and potential risk factors of antenatal depression in Ethiopia...
2018: Depression Research and Treatment
Stephanie O Keeling, Ben Vandermeer, Jorge Medina, Trish Chatterley, Tatiana Nevskaya, Janet Pope, Zainab Alaburubalnabi, Asvina Bissonauth, Zahi Touma
OBJECTIVE: To identify the effect of disease activity and damage, measured by validated indices, on mortality and damage accrual, in order to inform upcoming Canadian systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) recommendations. METHODS: Following GRADE (Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation) methodology to fill in evidence-to-decision tables to create recommendations for "minimal investigations needed to monitor SLE patients at baseline and subsequent visits," a systematic literature review was performed...
August 15, 2018: Journal of Rheumatology
Barbara Prediger, Stephanie Polus, Tim Mathes, Stefanie Bühn, Frank Louwen, Edmund A M Neugebauer, Dawid Pieper
BACKGROUND: The rate of caesarean sections increased in the last decades to about 30% of births in western populations. Many caesarean sections are electively planned without an urgent medical reason for mother or child. Especially in women with a foregoing caesarean section, the procedure is planned early. An early caesarean section though may harm the newborn. Our aim is to evaluate the gestational time point after the 37th gestational week (after prematurity = term) of performing an elective caesarean section with the lowest morbidity for mother and child...
August 16, 2018: Systematic Reviews
Getinet Ayano, Melat Solomon, Mebratu Abraha
BACKGROUND: Depression is the most prevalent psychiatric disorder among people living with HIV (PLWHIV) and is associated with poor quality of life, additional comorbidities, disability, unemployment, poorer therapeutic outcomes and risky behaviors. The present systematic review and meta-analysis aims to systematically summarize empirical evidence and to formulate recommendations for future research. METHODS: We searched PubMed, EMBASE, SCOPUS, and relevant literature for possible studies to include...
August 15, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
Hiran Thabrew, Karolina Stasiak, Sarah E Hetrick, Stephen Wong, Jessica H Huss, Sally N Merry
BACKGROUND: Long-term physical conditions affect 10% to 12% of children and adolescents worldwide; these individuals are at greater risk of developing psychological problems, particularly anxiety and depression. Access to face-to-face treatment for such problems is often limited, and available interventions usually have not been tested with this population. As technology improves, e-health interventions (delivered via digital means, such as computers and smart phones and ranging from simple text-based programmes through to multimedia and interactive programmes, serious games, virtual reality and biofeedback programmes) offer a potential solution to address the psychological needs of this group of young people...
August 16, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Ana Carollyne Dantas de Lima, Daniele Andrade da Cunha, Raquel Costa Albuquerque, Richelle Nogueira Alves Costa, Hilton Justino da Silva
OBJECTIVE: To review, in the literature, information regarding changes in the sensory systems of mouth breathers. DATA SOURCES: The search was conducted in the following databases PubMed, BIREME, LILACS, Web of Science and Scopus. The search was independently carried out by two researchers, following the selection criteria. Original articles that approached mouth breathing and changes in sensory systems published in Portuguese, English and Spanish were published...
August 9, 2018: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
M C Hill, D Salmon, L M Aitken
AIM: To ascertain the beliefs and perceptions of practice nurses' influence about the uptake of the Measles, Mumps and Rubella vaccine. BACKGROUND: Immunisation decision making for parents is a complex process. Principle health professionals involved in immunisation programmes are health visitors, general practitioners and practice nurses. There is evidence that health visitors and general practitioners influence parental immunisation decision making. However, there is a lack of evidence about the influence of the practice nurse despite their well-documented role in immunisation...
August 14, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
Diamantis I Tsilimigras, Amir A Rahnemai-Azar, Ioannis Ntanasis-Stathopoulos, Maria Gavriatopoulou, Demetrios Moris, Eleftherios Spartalis, Jordan M Cloyd, Sharon M Weber, Timothy M Pawlik
INTRODUCTION: Hepatic adenomas (HAs) are a benign and relatively rare type of liver neoplasms. We review the diagnosis, evaluation, and potential therapeutic management options for patients with HA. METHODS: A comprehensive review of the English literature was performed utilizing MEDLINE/PubMed and Web of Science databases with end of search date the 30th April of 2018. In PubMed, the terms "hepatocellular," "hepatic," "liver," and "adenoma," "adenomatosis" were searched in the title and/or abstract...
August 14, 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
Yesim Ozguler, Pietro Leccese, Robin Christensen, Sinem Nihal Esatoglu, Dongsik Bang, Bahram Bodaghi, Aykut Ferhat Çelik, Farida Fortune, Julien Gaudric, Ahmet Gul, Ina Kötter, Alfred Mahr, Robert J Moots, Jutta Richter, David Saadoun, Carlo Salvarani, Francesco Scuderi, Petros P Sfikakis, Aksel Siva, Miles Stanford, Ilknur Tugal-Tutkun, Richard West, Sebahattin Yurdakul, Ignazio Olivieri, Hasan Yazici, Gulen Hatemi
Objective: To assess the efficacy and safety of treatment modalities for major organ involvement of Behçet's syndrome (BS), in order to inform the update of the EULAR recommendations for the management of BS. Methods: A systematic literature review of all randomized controlled trials, controlled clinical trials, or open label trials assessing eye, vascular, nervous system or gastrointestinal system involvement of BS was performed. If controlled trials were not available for answering a specific research question, uncontrolled studies or case series were also included...
August 13, 2018: Rheumatology
Zac E Seidler, Simon M Rice, John S Ogrodniczuk, John L Oliffe, Haryana M Dhillon
Tailoring psychological treatments to men's specific needs has been a topic of concern for decades given evidence that many men are reticent to seek professional health care. However, existing literature providing clinical recommendations for engaging men in psychological treatments is diffuse. The aim of this scoping review was to provide a comprehensive summary of recommendations for how to engage men in psychological treatment. Four electronic databases (MEDLINE, PubMed, CINAHL, PsycINFO) were searched for articles published between 2000 and 2017...
August 13, 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
Abdelazeem Eldawlatly, Dalal Alsultan, Fatma Al Dammas, Abdulaziz Ahmed, Rawan Al Andas, Bilal Zahoor
Background: Toward improving the reporting quality of clinical case reports in the Saudi Journal of Anesthesia, we conducted this audit. The aim of this paper is to provide an overview of the different objectives for clinical case reports and to identify those subordinate items which seem most relevant from the CAse REport (CARE) checklist. Methods: We performed this pilot study on clinical case reports published in the Saudi Journal of Anesthesia (SJA) in the past 5 years from 2013 to 2017...
July 2018: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
Genevieve Thompson, Chloe Lyn Shindruk, Adebusola Abiodun Adekoya, Lisa Demczuk, Susan McClement
INTRODUCTION: There is a growing demand for long-term care services for older adults that embrace a model of care centred on individual recipients of care. In long-term care, models of person, resident and relationship-centred care have been developed and implemented to promote independence, decision making and choices of residents. Although the concepts of centredness have been readily adopted in these environments, what constitutes centredness is often vague and lacks conceptual clarity and definition...
August 10, 2018: BMJ Open
R M Trigg, L J Martinson, S Parpart-Li, J A Shaw
Background: Circulating-free DNA (cfDNA) is under investigation as a liquid biopsy of cancer for early detection, monitoring disease progression and therapeutic response. This systematic review of the primary cfDNA literature aims to identify and evaluate factors that influence recovery of cfDNA, and to outline evidence-based recommendations for standardization of methods. Methods: A search of the Ovid and Cochrane databases was undertaken in May 2018 to obtain relevant literature on cfDNA isolation and quantification...
July 2018: Heliyon
Mihaela Filip, Valentina Tzaneva, Dan L Dumitrascu
Background and aim: Fecal transplantation or fecal material transplantation (FMT) became a hot topic in gastroenterology in recent years. Therefore it is important to disseminate the up-to-date information on FMT. The aim of the paper is to review the knowledge on FMT and its clinical applications. Methods: An extensive review of the literature was carried out. Titles from Pubmed were searched and analyzed. A narrative review has been written with emphasis on indications of FMT in different conditions...
July 2018: Clujul Medical (1957)
Nahid Tafti, Fatemeh Hemmati, Reza Safari, Mohammad Taghi Karimi, Farzad Farmani, Ali Khalaf, Mohammad Ali Mardani
Prosthetic alignment is a subjective concept which lacks reliability. The outcome responsiveness to prosthetic alignment quality could help to improve subjective and instrument assisted prosthetic alignment. This study was aimed to review variables used to assess clinically acceptable alignment in the literature. The search was done in some databases including: Google Scholar, PubMed, EBSCO, EMBASE, ISI Web of Knowledge and Scopus. The first selection criterion was based on abstracts and titles to address the research questions of interest...
August 2018: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part H, Journal of Engineering in Medicine
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