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Eduardo Henrique Pirolla, Gabriel Pavani Patriota, Fernanda Junqueira Cesar Pirolla, Felipe Piccarone Gonçalves Ribeiro, Marina Guitton Rodrigues, Layla Riva Ismail, Raquel Mezzalira Ruano
INTRODUCTION: Inguinal hernia is one of the most frequent surgical diseases. Currently, with the advantages of minimally invasive surgery, new questions arise: what will be the best approach for correction of inguinal hernia? Is there real benefit to the robotic approach? OBJECTIVE: To compile results of the published studies that used the robot-assisted technique in the repair of inguinal hernia, analyzing its limitations, complications and comparing it with those of the pre-existing techniques...
December 6, 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
Barbara Poletti, Laura Carelli, Federica Solca, Rita Pezzati, Andrea Faini, Nicola Ticozzi, Hiroshi Mitsumoto, Vincenzo Silani
Several features of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) impact on sexuality and intimate relationship; however, the issue has received poor attention so far. We performed a systematic literature review in order to provide an up-to-date account of sexuality in ALS. References were identified by searches of PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus and PsycINFO (1970-2017, English literature). The following were the key terms: 'sexual' OR 'sexuality' OR 'intimacy' OR 'marital' AND 'ALS' OR 'Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis' OR 'Motor Neuron Disease' OR 'MND'...
December 11, 2018: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
Masaru Konishi, Rinus Gerardus Verdonschot, Kiichi Shimabukuro, Takashi Nakamoto, Minoru Fujita, Naoya Kakimoto
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to perform a systematic literature search and meta-analysis to reveal the most effective mouthwash for head and neck cancer patients who are experiencing radiation therapy-induced mucositis. METHODS: Using two electronic databases, a literature search and data interpretation were systematically performed as follows: (i) problem specification, (ii) devising of a literature search plan, (iii) literature search and retrieval of publications, and (iv) meta-analysis and data interpretation...
December 10, 2018: Oral Radiology
Alex Solderer, Manuela Kaufmann, Deborah Hofer, Daniel Wiedemeier, Thomas Attin, Patrick R Schmidlin
BACKGROUND: Biofilm management and infection control are essential after periodontal and implant surgery. In this context, chlorhexidine (CHX) mouth-rinses are frequently recommended post-surgically. Despite its common use and many studies in this field, a systematic evaluation of the benefits after periodontal or implant surgery is-surprisingly-still missing. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the benefits of chlorhexidine rinsing after periodontal or implant surgery in terms of plaque and inflammation reduction potential...
December 7, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
Claire Louise Hutchinson, Angela Berndt, Susan Gilbert-Hunt, Stacey George, Julie Ratcliffe
INTRODUCTION: Unlike other forms of evaluation, social return on investment (SROI) methodology offers a way of placing values on personal, social and community outcomes, not just economic outcomes. Developed in 2000, there have been calls for greater academic involvement in development of SROI, which to date has been more typically implemented in-house or by consultants. This protocol describes a systematic review of SROI analysis conducted on health and social care programmes which represent a significant sector of social enterprise internationally...
December 9, 2018: BMJ Open
Colin Adler, Melissa C Friesen, Edward D Yeboah, Yao Tettey, Richard B Biritwum, Andrew A Adjei, Evelyn Tay, Victoria Okyne, James E Mensah, Ann Truelove, Baiyu Yang, Scott P Kelly, Cindy Ke Zhou, Lauren E McCullough, Larissa Pardo, Robert N Hoover, Ann W Hsing, Michael B Cook, Stella Koutros
OBJECTIVES: Established prostate cancer (PCa) risk factors include age, family history of PCa and African ancestry. Studies, mostly among highly screened, predominantly European ancestral populations, suggest that employment in certain occupations (eg, farming, military) may also have an increased risk for PCa. Here, we evaluated the association between usual adult occupation and PCa risk in Ghanaian men, a population with historically low rates of PCa screening. METHODS: The Ghana Prostate Study is a case-control study of PCa that was conducted from 2004 to 2012 in 749 cases and 964 controls...
December 7, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Brandon B Carlson, Philip Saville, James Dowdell, Rie Goto, Avani Vaishnav, Catherine Himo Gang, Steven McAnany, Todd J Albert, Sheeraz Qureshi
BACKGROUND: Transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) is a well-accepted surgical technique for the treatment of degenerative spinal conditions and spinal deformity. The TLIF procedure can be performed open or using minimally invasive techniques. While several studies have found that minimally invasive TLIF (MI-TLIF) has advantages over open TLIF procedures with less blood loss, post-operative pain and hospital length of stay, opponents of the minimally invasive technique cite the lack of restoration of lumbar lordosis as a major drawback...
December 6, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
Andrew J Leidner, Neil Murthy, Harrell W Chesson, Matthew Biggerstaff, Charles Stoecker, Aaron M Harris, Anna Acosta, Kathleen Dooling, Carolyn B Bridges
BACKGROUND: Coverage levels for many recommended adult vaccinations are low. The cost-effectiveness research literature on adult vaccinations has not been synthesized in recent years, which may contribute to low awareness of the value of adult vaccinations and to their under-utilization. We assessed research literature since 1980 to summarize economic evidence for adult vaccinations included on the adult immunization schedule. METHODS: We searched PubMed, EMBASE, EconLit, and Cochrane Library from 1980 to 2016 and identified economic evaluation or cost-effectiveness analysis for vaccinations targeting persons aged ≥18 years in the U...
December 4, 2018: Vaccine
Danielle A Hylton, Jane Turner, Yaron Shargall, Christian Finley, John Agzarian, Kazuhiro Yasufuku, Christine Fahim, Waël C Hanna
OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this study is to systematically review all pertinent literature related to the use of ultrasonographic features to predict malignancy in mediastinal lymph nodes seen during endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS) procedures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two independent reviewers completed the search and review (PubMed, EMBASE, Medline, and Cochrane databases) of the resulting titles and abstracts. Following full-text screening, thirteen articles met the inclusion criteria...
December 2018: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
Victoria Novoa Y Novoa, Sherif Shazly, Edward Araujo Júnior, Gabriele Tonni, Rodrigo Ruano
OBJECTIVES: To summarize current evidence on the use of tocolytic medications perioperatively for open prenatal repair of fetal myelomeningocele including tocolytic agent options, regimens, efficiency, and potential risks. METHODS: A search of Medline, Embase, and SCOPUS databases was conducted from inception to March 2017. Studies that described their tocolytic protocol, gestational age at delivery, perinatal outcomes were included. Studies that did not exclusively assessed fetal myelomeningocele or did not adequately endorse obstetric and neonatal outcomes were excluded...
December 10, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Tarique Siragy, Julie Nantel
Introduction: Falling is one of the primary concerns for people with Parkinson's Disease and occurs predominately during dynamic movements, such as walking. Several methods have been proposed to quantify dynamic balance and to assess fall risk. However, no consensus has been reached concerning which method is most appropriate for examining walking balance during unperturbed and perturbed conditions, particularly in Parkinson's Disease individuals. Therefore, this systematic review aimed to assess the current literature on quantifying dynamic balance in healthy young, elderly and Parkinson's individuals during unperturbed and perturbed walking...
2018: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
Bernardo Antonio Agostini, Graziela Oro Cericato, Ethieli Rodrigues da Silveira, Gustavo Giacomelli Nascimento, Francine Dos Santos Costa, Willian Murray Thomson, Flavio Fernando Demarco
The aim of this paper is to systematically review the literature to estimate the overall prevalence of xerostomia/hyposalivation in epidemiological studies. An electronic search was carried out up to February 2018 with no language restrictions. A total of 5760 titles were screened and just twenty-nine papers were included in review and the meta-analysis after a two independently reviewers applied the selection criteria. Data were extracted from PubMed and Web of Science databases. Eligibility criteria included original investigations from observational population-based studies that reported the prevalence of xerostomia or data that allowed the calculation of prevalence of xerostomia and/or hyposalivation...
November 2018: Brazilian Dental Journal
Arjee Restar, Mary Nguyen, Kimberly Nguyen, Alexander Adia, Jennifer Nazareno, Emily Yoshioka, Laufred Hernandez, Don Operario
BACKGROUND: The Philippines is experiencing one of the fastest growing epidemics globally. Evidence-based public health policies are needed. To describe the public health literature on HIV risk groups and prevention approaches in the Philippines, we reviewed published empirical studies with HIV-related outcomes. METHODS: Based on an a priori systematic review protocol, we searched PubMed, PsycINFO and CINAHL databases for quantitative studies conducted in the Philippines that reported on HIV risk groups factors and interventions to prevent HIV...
2018: PloS One
Pragati K Prasad, Rambabu N Reddi, Sudalai Arumugam
The present review provides a broad description of the methods reported for the synthesis of α-acyloxy ketones and some of their derivatives. α-Acyloxy ketones and their derivatives are vital synthetic intermediates and are ubiquitous as biochemical constituents of living organisms, biologically active natural products and pharmaceuticals. Due to their biological importance, new methods for their synthesis are being continuously developed and documented in the recent past. However, the chemical literature lacks a comprehensive summary on the synthetic methodologies targeting α-acyloxy ketones...
December 5, 2018: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
Ching-Yu Lan, Huey-Yuan Tien, Yu-Te Lin, Chun-Cheng Hsu, Cheng-Hung Lin, Shih-Heng Chen
Ulnar nerve injury (UNI) is not uncommon and often results in incomplete motor recovery after the initial nerve repair and requires secondary functional reconstruction. To clarify the prognosis and predicting factor of UNI, and if it is reasonable to wait after the initial repair, a systematic literature review from PubMed computerized literature database and Google scholar was performed. The PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) checklist and guidelines were followed to develop the search protocol for this literature review...
November 30, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Bárbara Iansã de Lima Barroso, Cláudia Regina Cabral Galvão, Luiz Bueno da Silva, Selma Lancman
This article presents a systematic review, for which research was carried out in the following electronic databases: Web of Science, Scopus, PubMed, and ERIC, in which several articles were found ( n = 560). The results were analyzed based on the information obtained in the titles and abstracts, and the remaining studies were read in full for the analysis. The aim of this article was to identify the different questionnaires used for selecting items of assistive technology, describe and evaluate the translation and transcultural adaptation procedures, characterize the thematic domains of each resource, evaluate the cultural adaptation process adopted, and describe the psychometric properties...
2018: Occupational Therapy International
John Zaki, Marwa Alnawawy, Nermin Yussif, Ahmed Elkhadem
BACKGROUND: Autogenous intraoral block grafting is the gold standard augmentation technique for moderate-to-severe horizontal ridge deficiency. However, the graft undergoes variable resorption during healing that might jeopardize the outcome of the procedure. Several studies hypothesized that covering the graft with a membrane decreases the amount of graft resorption, but this effect is not established in the literature. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to assess the clinical value of covering intraoral block grafts with membranes in horizontal ridge augmentation regarding graft resorption (primary outcome), graft success, net bone gain, and complications (secondary outcomes)...
December 2018: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
Sharon Lynn Casapulla, Joseph A Bianco, Lynn M Harter, Katy Kropf, Tracy L Shaub, Anna M Kerr, Francis X Blais, Robin Newburn, Samantha Nandyal, Nana Ama Ofei-Tenkorang, Merri Biechler, Brandi Baker
This essay offers a layered account of the origins and enactment of a narrative medicine program at the Ohio University Heritage College of Osteopathic Medicine titled the Open Book Project (OBP). Narrative medicine positions clinical judgment as involving both scientific and narrative reasoning, a set of practices particularly well-suited to fostering inclusive health care and social justice. The OBP involved first-year medical students who met bi-monthly to witness, reflect on, and write about literary passages, visual images, music and lyrics, and other works of art...
December 4, 2018: Health Communication
Manuel O Lagravère, Piero A Zecca, Alberto Caprioglio, Rosamaria Fastuca
BACKGROUND: Growth retardation was frequently observed in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients but the complex mechanisms causing this condition are still unclear. Several findings suggested growth catch-up after surgical treatment but other studies did not confirm the results, showing no improvement in OSA patients after adenotonsillectomy (T&A). The aim of the present study was to systematically review scientific literature of the relationships between OSA and metabolic changes involving growth hormone (GH) axis before and after treatment in patients...
December 3, 2018: Minerva Pediatrica
Kimberly R Gilfedder, Cara Giacomo, Julie Randall, Ginger L Wilson
At a national meeting, an informal conversation took place between a group of medical education coordinators/administrators who reviewed and identified requisite skills needed for their vocation. Upon conclusion, it became evident that the profession was undervalued. It was also determined that retention and sustainability in this position is becoming transitory and that the need to raise awareness and construct a professional identity is crucial. A nation-wide review of 30 institutions, literature searches, and national surveys revealed the need to construct a professional identity and tools for career growth...
September 27, 2018: Curēus
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