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Megan Song McHenry, Carole Ian McAteer, Eren Oyungu, Andrew Roland Deathe, Rachel Christine Vreeman
Children born to HIV-infected mothers have worse developmental outcomes compared to HIV-unexposed children. However, little is known about interventions to improve developmental outcomes in this population. This study systematically reviews the literature on interventions to improve development in children born to HIV-infected mothers. We systematically searched the following electronic bibliographic databases: Ovid MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, Education Resources Information Center, and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews...
October 16, 2018: AIDS Care
Carmen Helena Jacques Lemes, Wellington Luiz de O da Rosa, Camila Leal Sonego, Bianca Jacques Lemes, Rafael Ratto de Moraes, Adriana Fernandes da Silva
Laser therapy could amplify the oral wound healing process by stimulating cell regeneration after injury, attenuating pain, and modulating the immune system. The purpose of this systematic review was to evaluate whether the application of laser therapy improved alveolar healing after tooth extractions. Eight electronic databases were screened: MedLine (PubMed), The Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Scopus, Lilacs, Ibecs, Scielo and BBO. Three reviewers independently assessed the title and abstracts of potentially relevant studies...
October 15, 2018: Wound Repair and Regeneration
Anne L Peters, Andrew J Ahmann, Irl B Hirsch, Jennifer K Raymond
Endocrine Society guideline recommendations on diabetes technology in adults originate from the 2016 guideline titled "Diabetes Technology-Continuous Subcutaneous Insulin Infusion Therapy and Continuous Glucose Monitoring in Adults: An Endocrine Society Clinical Practice Guideline." Society recommendations on diabetes technology in children are contained in the 2011 guideline titled "Continuous Glucose Monitoring: An Endocrine Society Clinical Practice Guideline." The field of diabetes technology is a rapidly advancing one, with new devices released annually and data from clinical trials published frequently...
November 1, 2018: Journal of the Endocrine Society
Rudolph M Navari, Lee S Schwartzberg
To examine pharmacologic and clinical characteristics of neurokinin 1 (NK1 )-receptor antagonists (RAs) for preventing chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) following highly or moderately emetogenic chemotherapy, a literature search was performed for clinical studies in patients at risk of CINV with any approved NK1 RAs in the title or abstract: aprepitant (capsules or oral suspension), HTX019 (intravenous [IV] aprepitant), fosaprepitant (IV aprepitant prodrug), rolapitant (tablets or IV), and fixed-dose tablets combining netupitant or fosnetupi-tant (IV netupitant prodrug) with the 5-hydroxytryptamine type 3 (5HT3 ) RA palonosetron (oral or IV)...
2018: OncoTargets and Therapy
Dáire Gibbons, Ganapathi Emandi, Mathias O Senge
The title compound, C11 H9 NOS, was obtained in an improved yield compared to previous literature methods. The mol-ecule is essentially planar with a maximum deviation of 0.085 Å from the mean plane through all non-H atoms. There is directive inter-molecular hydrogen bonding in the form of N-H⋯O hydrogen bonds with a distance of 2.889 (3) Å between the pyrrole amine and the ketone carbonyl O atom. The resulting hydrogen-bonding network defines a ribbon parallel to the a axis. These ribbons form offset stacks along the b axis...
October 1, 2018: Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications
G S Trento, P H A Carvalho, D V Macedo, M A C Gabrielli, M S Monnazzi, V A Pereira-Filho
A systematic review of the literature was performed regarding the use of titanium mesh in association with recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein (rhBMP) for alveolar ridge reconstruction. The PubMed, Scopus, and Cochrane databases were searched for articles in English published up until June 2017. The inclusion criteria encompassed studies in humans - randomized clinical trials, prospective and retrospective studies, and case series. The screening and selection process was performed by three independent reviewers, with verification by a senior researcher in the case of disagreement...
October 11, 2018: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Ramon S da Silva, Maikel Y Ballester
Vibrational transitions, induced by collisions between rare-gas atoms and molecules, play a key role in many problems of interest in physics and chemistry. A theoretical investigation of the translation-to-vibration (T-V) energy transfer process in argon atom and sulfur dioxide molecule collisions is presented here. For such a purpose, the framework of the quasi-classical trajectory (QCT) methodology was followed over the range of translational energies 2 ≤ Etr /kcal mol-1 ≤ 100. A new realistic potential energy surface (PES) for the ArSO2 system was developed using pairwise addition for the four-body energy term within the double many-body expansion...
October 14, 2018: Journal of Chemical Physics
Anastasia N L Newman, Janelle Gravesande, Stephanie Rotella, Stephen S Wu, Nam Topp-Nguyen, Michelle E Kho, Jocelyn E Harris, Alison Fox-Robichaud, Patricia Solomon
PURPOSE: This scoping review summarizes the literature on the safety and effectiveness of physiotherapy interventions in patients with neurological and/or traumatic injuries in the intensive care unit (ICU), identifies literature gaps and provides recommendations for future research. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched five databases from inception to June 2, 2018. We included published retrospective studies, case studies, observation and randomized controlled trials describing physiotherapy interventions in ICU patients with neurotrauma injuries...
October 3, 2018: Journal of Critical Care
Laura Salgado-López, Cristian de Quintana-Schmidt, Robert Belvis Nieto, Carles Roig Arnall, Rodrigo Rodríguez Rodriguez, María Jesús Álvarez Holzapfel, Joan Molet-Teixidó
BACKGROUND: There are just short series of radiofrequency of sphenopalatine ganglion (SPG) to treat chronic refractory cluster headache (CCHr) with variable results. Furthermore, there is no consensus on which methodology to use: radiofrequency ablation (RFA) or pulsed radiofrequency (PRF). METHODS: We conducted a prospective analysis of 37 patients with CCHr who underwent RFA or PRF of the SPG in our center between 2004-2015. RESULTS: N=37 patients...
October 10, 2018: World Neurosurgery
Marcin Rzeszutek, Ewa Gruszczyńska
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this systematic review was to analyse, synthesise and review existing results on posttraumatic growth (PTG) among PLWH. In particular, we investigated the relationship of PTG with sociodemographic, HIV-related clinical variables, positive and negative psychological correlates as well as HIV-related social issues among PLWH. METHOD: A literature search was performed on Web of Science, PsyARTICLES, MedLine, Proquest and Scopus databases using appropriate descriptors for positive changes among PLWH...
November 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Evanson Zondani Sambala, Aaron Mdolo, Richard Banda, Arthur Phiri, Alison B Wiyeh, Charles Shey Wiysonge
INTRODUCTION: Measures of epidemiological burdens are an important contribution to estimating disease severity and determining the at-risk populations for seasonal influenza. In the absence of these data, it is extremely difficult for policy-makers to decide on how to distribute limited resources. This systematic review will synthesise the literature on reported burden of seasonal influenza (eg, morbidity and mortality) in sub-Saharan Africa. METHOD AND ANALYSIS: We will include published epidemiological studies that capture the burden estimation of seasonal influenza between 1 January 2000 and 31 August 2018...
October 10, 2018: BMJ Open
Waseem Raza, Hafiza Anum Mohy-U-Din, Sajid Shaeen Malik, Iqra Manzoor, Baby Nadeem
The objective of the study was to evaluate the reliability of sonoelastography in ductal carcinoma in patients in primary and secondary health care settings. Google Scholar, PubMed, Medline, Medscape, Wikipedia and NCBI were searched in January 2018 for all original research and review articles to identify relevant studies. Two reviewers selected the articles independently for based on the title and abstract. The selection criteria were sonoelastography accuracy for diagnosing ductal carcinoma as index text, B-mode sonography, and micropure imaging; surgery and histologic findings were used as reference text; and benign and malignant breast abnormalities and ductal carcinoma were used as target conditions...
October 8, 2018: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
Jena Pauli, Angela Starkweather, Jo Lynne Robins
Objective: To identify and describe available instruments that can be used to screen patients with acute or subacute low back pain for a chronic low back pain trajectory. Design: Integrative literature review. Methods: An electronic search of PubMed/MEDLINE, CINAHL, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and PsychINFO databases took place from May through July of 2014 using systematic search strategies to identify screening instruments developed to identify people at risk of chronic low back pain...
October 10, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
Christopher Morris, Richard E Scott, Maurice Mars
The use of smartphones and IM has the potential to transform the delivery of health services by providing an easy to use, cost-effective tool for remote doctor-to-doctor and patient-to-doctor consultation and diagnosis. Whilst the introduction of new technologies has improved access to healthcare, it has also created new challenges. The aim of this paper was to review the literature on the use of Instant Messaging (IM) and IM applications (apps) in dermatology. METHOD: PubMed, Scopus, and Science Direct were searched for multiple terms for 20 individual IM apps linked to the terms telehealth, telemedicine, ehealth, e-health, mhealth, or m-health...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Franz Josef Strauss, Alexandra Stähli, Reinhard Gruber
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) on implant dentistry. The primary focused question was as follows: What are the clinical, histological, and radiographic outcomes of PRF administration for bone regeneration and implant therapy? METHOD: A systematic literature search comprised three databases: MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane followed by a hand search of relevant scientific journals. Human studies using PRF for bone regeneration and implant therapy were considered and articles published up to December 31, 2017 were included...
October 2018: Clinical Oral Implants Research
Alexandra Stähli, Franz Josef Strauss, Reinhard Gruber
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) on implant dentistry. The primary focused question was as follows: What are the clinical, histological, and radiographic outcomes of PRP administration for bone regeneration and implant therapy? METHODS: A literature search was conducted involving three databases: MEDLINE, EMBASE and Cochrane database followed by a hand search of relevant scientific journals. Human studies using PRP for bone regeneration and implant therapy were considered and articles published up to December 31, 2017 were included...
October 2018: Clinical Oral Implants Research
Erin Relyea, Brooke MacDonald, Christina Cattaruzza, Denise Marshall
Schizophrenia is a serious chronic mental illness that results in marginalization and stigma for sufferers. It is the seventh leading cause for disability worldwide. The symptoms of the illness, including hallucinations, delusions, and extremely disordered thinking and behavior, may also introduce barriers to accessing treatment, education, housing, and employment. Little is known about end-of-life care for individuals with schizophrenia. To address this gap, a scoping review was conducted to enhance understanding of hospice and palliative care for patients with schizophrenia...
October 10, 2018: Journal of Palliative Care
Riccardo Lombardo, Karl-Erik Andersson, Andrea Tubaro, Cosimo De Nunzio
BACKROUND: Endoscopic surgical treatment represents the gold standard in patients with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) when medical treatment fails. In the past years there has been a growing interest in intra-prostatic injections which represent a minimally invasive alternative for those patients not suitable for surgery. Aim of our study is to systematically review all the available data on intra-prostatic injections for the treatment of LUTS patients with benign prostatic enlargement (BPE)...
October 3, 2018: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica, the Italian Journal of Urology and Nephrology
Jie Denny Luo, Catherine Miller, Tamara Jirjis, Masoud Nasir, Dileep Sharma
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are commonly used in implant dentistry for management of post-operative pain. The objective of this systematic review was to analyse the effect of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs on the osteogenic activity of osteoblasts with an emphasis on its effect on osseointegration. A systematic literature search for in vitro, animal models, and clinical trials was conducted using Ovid, PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science databases. Articles published since the introduction of selective COX-2 inhibitors, between January 1999 and July 2018, were selected...
October 9, 2018: International Journal of Implant Dentistry
Abdus Samad Ansari, Brittany B Dennis, Nolan S Horner, Ming Zhu, Charlotte Brookes, Moin Khan, John A Grant
PURPOSE: To compare the clinical and functional outcomes of allograft and autograft reconstruction in patients with posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) deficiency. METHODS: The MEDLINE, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases were used to identify all relevant articles. Clinical outcomes including International Knee Documentation Committee, Tegner, and Lysholm scores; joint laxity; and posterior tibial displacement were evaluated. RESULTS: Among the 145 unique articles identified during the title screening, 25 studies published between 2002 and 2016 with a combined population of 900 patients were deemed eligible for inclusion in the review...
October 5, 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
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