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Arjee Restar, Mary Nguyen, Kimberly Nguyen, Alexander Adia, Jennifer Nazareno, Emily Yoshioka, Laufred Hernandez, Don Operario
BACKGROUND: The Philippines is experiencing one of the fastest growing epidemics globally. Evidence-based public health policies are needed. To describe the public health literature on HIV risk groups and prevention approaches in the Philippines, we reviewed published empirical studies with HIV-related outcomes. METHODS: Based on an a priori systematic review protocol, we searched PubMed, PsycINFO and CINAHL databases for quantitative studies conducted in the Philippines that reported on HIV risk groups factors and interventions to prevent HIV...
2018: PloS One
Bárbara Iansã de Lima Barroso, Cláudia Regina Cabral Galvão, Luiz Bueno da Silva, Selma Lancman
This article presents a systematic review, for which research was carried out in the following electronic databases: Web of Science, Scopus, PubMed, and ERIC, in which several articles were found ( n = 560). The results were analyzed based on the information obtained in the titles and abstracts, and the remaining studies were read in full for the analysis. The aim of this article was to identify the different questionnaires used for selecting items of assistive technology, describe and evaluate the translation and transcultural adaptation procedures, characterize the thematic domains of each resource, evaluate the cultural adaptation process adopted, and describe the psychometric properties...
2018: Occupational Therapy International
Manuel O Lagravère, Piero A Zecca, Alberto Caprioglio, Rosamaria Fastuca
BACKGROUND: Growth retardation was frequently observed in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients but the complex mechanisms causing this condition are still unclear. Several findings suggested growth catch-up after surgical treatment but other studies did not confirm the results, showing no improvement in OSA patients after adenotonsillectomy (T&A). The aim of the present study was to systematically review scientific literature of the relationships between OSA and metabolic changes involving growth hormone (GH) axis before and after treatment in patients...
December 3, 2018: Minerva Pediatrica
Kimberly R Gilfedder, Cara Giacomo, Julie Randall, Ginger L Wilson
At a national meeting, an informal conversation took place between a group of medical education coordinators/administrators who reviewed and identified requisite skills needed for their vocation. Upon conclusion, it became evident that the profession was undervalued. It was also determined that retention and sustainability in this position is becoming transitory and that the need to raise awareness and construct a professional identity is crucial. A nation-wide review of 30 institutions, literature searches, and national surveys revealed the need to construct a professional identity and tools for career growth...
September 27, 2018: Curēus
Oliver Burdall, Liam Willgress, Nina Goad
BACKGROUND: Understanding the importance of the barrier function of the skin of preterm and term neonates is crucial in effective neonatal skin and diaper care. This literature search aimed to review the development of different practices in neonatal care to maintain skin barrier function, in turn preventing diaper dermatitis. METHODS: We performed two quantitative literature searches of English language studies: an initial literature search of studies published in the last 5 years was conducted using Cinahl, Medline, Embase, British Nursing Index, and DelphiS, followed by a second search of publications from 1990 to 2017 using the National Institute of Clinical Excellence Health Databases Advanced Search using key words, synonyms, and Boolean phrasing...
December 2, 2018: Pediatric Dermatology
Andy Wai Kan Yeung, Nikolay T Tzvetkov, Atanas G Atanasov
Background: Considering the enormous progress in the field of neuropharmacology and its global importance, as well as the lack of bibliometric studies examining this field as a whole, it is a high time to assess the prevailing topics and citation performances of its research works. Methods : Web of Science (WoS) was searched to identify relevant neuropharmacology articles, which were analyzed with reference to (1) publication year, (2) journal title, (3) total citation count, (4) authorship, (5) WoS category, and (6) manuscript type...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
Sultan Ayoub Meo
Writing and publishing a scientific paper in academic journals is a highly competitive, time-consuming stepwise process. The road to scientific writing and publication is rarely straightforward. Scientific writing has uniform format, which is perplexing for the novice science writers due to its inflexible anatomy (structure) and physiology (functions). Many obstacles are allied with the scientific writing path which can be minimized by applying some simple guidelines and practices. The scientific papers have an almost similar format but, original articles are divided into distinct sections and each segment contains a specific type of information...
November 2018: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
Quentin Daffos, Erwin Hansconrad, Patrick Plaisance, Dominique Pateron, Youri Yordanov, Anthony Chauvin
INTRODUCTION: Interest in ultrasonography in emergency medicine has increased in recent years, as reflected by a marked increase in publications on the topic. The aim of this study was to 1) describe and evaluate methodological characteristics of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating an ultrasound intervention in emergency department and 2) estimate whether the reports adequately described the intervention to allow replication. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE via PubMed for RCTs published in 2015 assessing an ultrasound intervention, regardless of type, that were performed in an emergency department or evaluated in an emergency situation...
November 17, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Lidvine Godaert, Seendy Bartholet, Sébastien Colas, Lukshe Kanagaratnam, Jean-Luc Fanon, Moustapha Dramé
Acquired hemophilia A (AHA) is a rare disease that requires urgent management. Currently, there is no consensus regarding optimal management in aged people. This systematic review aimed to describe diagnosis, clinical features, management, and endpoints in population aged 65 years or over with AHA. A literature search up to and including 31 May 2017 was performed in Medline, Embase, and Scopus. The search strategy on article titles comprised the following terms: "acquired" AND ("hemophilia A" OR "haemophilia A")...
October 2018: Seminars in Hematology
Xiao Sun, Xiaobin Zhou, Yan Yu, Haihua Liu
BACKGROUND: Systematic reviews (SRs) and meta-analyses (MAs) are distillation of current best available evidence, but are potentially prone to bias. The bias of SRs and MAs comes from sampling bias, selection bias and within study bias. So, their reporting quality is especially important as it may directly influence their utility for clinicians, nurses, patients and policy makers. The SRs and MAs on nursing interventions in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) have been increasingly published over the past decade, but the reporting quality of article has not been evaluated after the introduction of Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta Analyses (PRISMA) Statement...
November 29, 2018: BMC Medical Research Methodology
Andreea Farcas, Madalina Huruba, Cristina Mogoșan
Risk minimization measures (RMMs) represent an essential tool for preventing the occurrence of safety related outcomes. RMMs effectiveness evaluation is essential to prove their success and protection of public health. The aim of this qualitative review was to assess the design, process and outcome indicators used for attesting successful implementation of RMMs. We searched the EU Post-Authorization Studies Register until June 30, 2018, for studies having the scope defined as 'effectiveness evaluation'. Study titles and objectives were screened to select the ones evaluating the effectiveness of RMMs...
November 29, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Richard B North, Jane Shipley
INTRODUCTION: Primary data reported in scientific publications provide guidance for improving patient care, expanding indications, identifying research gaps, educating patients, justifying reimbursement, and gaining regulatory approval. Finding and analyzing pertinent publications among the huge volume noted in databases such as PUBMED, however, costs time and effort. This situation demands innovative ways to locate citations of (and the possibility of abstracting data from) papers reporting primary findings...
November 29, 2018: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
Juraj Kučić
Dr Zdravko Kučić was born in Bakar on 11 April 1910. In1928 he finished the Gymnasium in Sušak and graduated from the School of Medicine, University of Belgrade in1934. After completing the internship in Zagreb, he worked at the General Public Hospital "King Alexander I" in Sušak as a secondary doctor of medicine and later as an assistant at the Internal Department. In 1940 dr Kučić became the specialist of Internal medicine. Until August 1943 he worked at Sušak and Rijeka Department of Internal Medicine...
December 2018: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
Mustafa Al-Durra, Robert P Nolan, Emily Seto, Joseph A Cafazzo, Gunther Eysenbach
BACKGROUND: Clinical trials are key to advancing evidence-based medical research. The medical research literature has identified the impact and risks of publication bias in clinical trials. Selective publication for positive outcomes or non-publication of negative results could lead to misdirection of subsequent research, justify further research, and result in literature reviews leaning towards positive outcomes. Digital health randomized clinical trials face specific challenges, including a high attrition rate, usability issues, and insufficient prior formative research...
November 28, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
R Morris, I Pallister, R W Trickett
AIM: The aim of this study was to determine how outcome is measured following adult tibial fracture in the modern era of functional outcome measurement and patient reported outcomes. METHODS: A systematic review of publications since 2009 was performed, looking specifically at acute, adult tibial shaft fractures. Ovid Medline, Embase, PubMed and PsycINFO databases were searched for relevant titles which were then screened by two authors with adjudication where necessary by a third...
November 12, 2018: Injury
Aamer Imdad, Maribeth R Nicholson, Emily E Tanner-Smith, Joseph P Zackular, Oscar G Gomez-Duarte, Dawn B Beaulieu, Sari Acra
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic, relapsing disease of the gastrointestinal tract that is thought to be associated with a complex interplay between microbes and the immune system, leading to an abnormal inflammatory response in genetically susceptible individuals. Dysbiosis, characterized by the alteration of the composition of the resident commensal bacteria in a host compared to healthy individuals, is thought to play a major role in the pathogenesis of ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD), two subtypes of IBD...
November 13, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Meera Viswanathan, Jenifer Goldman Fraser, Huiling Pan, Marcia Morgenlander, Joni L McKeeman, Valerie L Forman-Hoffman, Laura C Hart, Adam J Zolotor, Kathleen N Lohr, Sheila Patel, Daniel E Jonas
Importance: Child maltreatment, also referred to as child abuse and neglect, can result in lifelong negative consequences. Objective: To update the evidence on interventions provided in or referable from primary care to prevent child maltreatment for the US Preventive Services Task Force. Data Sources: PubMed, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, and trial registries through December 18, 2017; references; experts; literature surveillance through July 17, 2018...
November 27, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Haley Glazebrook, Blair Miller, Ivan Wong
Background: Anterior shoulder instability is the most common sequela of shoulder dislocation and can result in repeated dislocations or subluxation of the glenohumeral joint. Anterior shoulder instability can be treated conservatively or surgically with several procedures. Purpose: To date, arthroscopic Bankart is the most common surgical procedure for the treatment of anterior shoulder instability. No previous studies have compared all anterior shoulder surgical procedures...
November 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Lucia Domingues, Eduardo B Cruz, Fernando M Pimentel-Santos, Sofia Ramiro, Helena Donato, Santiago Rodrigues Manica, Jill Alison Hayden, Rachelle Buchbinder, Jaime C Branco
INTRODUCTION: Neck pain is a common musculoskeletal disorder worldwide. It can result in significant disability and impaired quality of life. More than 50% of patients with neck pain still report symptoms 1 year later despite receiving different forms of non-pharmacological and pharmacological treatment. Identifying patient characteristics that are modifiable or predict recovery and non-recovery for an individual patient might identify ways of improving outcomes. This systematic review aims to comprehensively summarise the existing evidence regarding baseline patient characteristics associated with recovery and non-recovery, as defined by measures of pain intensity, disability and global perceived improvement...
November 25, 2018: BMJ Open
Siraj Hussen, Demelash Wachamo, Zemenu Yohannes, Endale Tadesse
BACKGROUND: Chlamydia trachomatis is the most common curable sexual transmitted bacterial infection in the world, including Sub-Saharan Africa. There is nil systematic review and meta-analysis on Chlamydia trachomatis infection in Sub-Saharan Africa among reproductive age women. Therefore, this study was carried out to determine the pooled prevalence of chlamydia trachomatis infection in Sub-Saharan Africa among reproductive age women. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search was conducted from biomedical data bases: Medline, PubMed, EMBASE, Google scholar, HINARI and Cochrane Library using a special index search terms (medical subject headings (MeSH), title and abstract...
November 26, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
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