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Abdelazeem Eldawlatly, Dalal Alsultan, Fatma Al Dammas, Abdulaziz Ahmed, Rawan Al Andas, Bilal Zahoor
Background: Toward improving the reporting quality of clinical case reports in the Saudi Journal of Anesthesia, we conducted this audit. The aim of this paper is to provide an overview of the different objectives for clinical case reports and to identify those subordinate items which seem most relevant from the CAse REport (CARE) checklist. Methods: We performed this pilot study on clinical case reports published in the Saudi Journal of Anesthesia (SJA) in the past 5 years from 2013 to 2017...
July 2018: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
Ignacio Jusue-Torres, Alicia Hulbert, Arpita A Germanwala, Chirag R Patel, Anand V Germanwala
OBJECTIVE: The authors' objective was to identify the 100 most-cited research articles on craniopharyngiomas. METHODS: The Thomson Reuters Web of Science service was queried for the years 1900-2017 without language restrictions. Articles were sorted in descending order of the number of times they were cited by other studies, and all titles and abstracts were screened to identify the research areas of the top 100 articles. The number of citations per year was calculated...
August 9, 2018: World Neurosurgery
Tessa Baker, Susan Kutz, Lorraine Toews, Nicola Edwards, Melanie Rock
The World Health Organization (WHO) and the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) both recognize the importance of veterinary services in controlling zoonotic diseases, in preventing human injury, and in protecting the welfare of non-human animals. Furthermore, both organizations recommend regular evaluations of veterinary programs. Accordingly, we conducted a scoping review to collate the available peer-reviewed evaluations of subsidized small animal veterinary services in terms of the effects on animal and public health...
September 1, 2018: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
Stelios C Wilson, David A Daar, Samantha G Maliha, Salma A Abdou, Steven M Levine, Daniel C Baker
Background: Lower eyelid blepharoplasty has continued to evolve with an ongoing debate regarding optimal techniques. Despite large case series publishing excellent results and minimal complications, the true longevity of these procedures remains unclear. Objective: To determine how thoroughly the aesthetic surgery literature assesses the longevity of the lower blepharoplasty. Methods: A 20-year comprehensive literature review from May 1997 to September 2017 was conducted...
July 31, 2018: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
Samantha G Maliha, J Rodrigo Diaz-Siso, Natalie M Plana, Andrea Torroni, Roberto L Flores
PURPOSE: Surgical residencies have increasingly incorporated both digital and mannequin simulation into their training programs. The aim of our review was to identify all digital and mannequin maxillofacial simulators available for education and training, highlight their benefit, and critically assess the evidence in support of these educational resources. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a comprehensive literature review of all peer-reviewed publications of digital and mannequin simulators that met the inclusion criteria, defined as any simulator used in education or training...
August 3, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Thomas F Babor, Judit H Ward
The name predatory publisher has been applied by academic librarian Jeffrey Beall to describe an open-access, scholarly publishing business model in which publication fees are charged to authors without providing the editorial judgment, peer-review process, and publishing services associated with more established journals. In the addiction field, as many as 20 journal titles now operate according to this model, and most of their editors are either nonexistent or impossible to contact. Although predatory publishing should not be equated with open access, this article argues that predatory publishers are diluting scientific quality in the addiction field by taking advantage of the open-access movement...
July 2018: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Tao Yang, Zhiqiang Li, Li Jiang, Xiuming Xi
BACKGROUND: The association between corticosteroid use and intensive care unit (ICU)-acquired weakness remains unclear. We evaluated the relationship between corticosteroid use and ICU-acquired weakness in critically ill adult patients. METHODS: The PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature databases were searched from database inception until October 10, 2017. Two authors independently screened the titles/abstracts and reviewed full-text articles...
August 3, 2018: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
Tony Badrick, Chris Willson
The Australian Commonwealth Government has funded a project to investigate options for a sustainable certification scheme for medical laboratory scientists (MLSs). This has been a sought-after goal for the profession in Australia for many years. Certification is not registration as certification may not be mandatory and does not have the legal teeth of the more formal process. Models of overseas registration schemes are discussed and the key features exposed. The definition of an MLS is needed as certification will provide protection of the title...
February 2018: Clinical Biochemist. Reviews
John F Kelly
The 1950s saw the United States having emerged victorious from the Second World War, enjoying a prodigious industrial and economic boom, and witnessing a new liberation in youth culture, epitomized by the birth of rock and roll music. America also was dancing quickly out of the shadows of prohibition with the aid of a buoyant and reinvigorated alcohol industry. More likely to support and propagate the notion that "alcoholism comes in people, not in bottles", thus down-playing broader environmental influences (e...
July 31, 2018: Addiction
Samuel D James, Alexander T Hawkins, Amosy E M'Koma
Adenocarcinoma that occurs at the ileostomy site after proctocolectomy (TPC) with an end ileostomy for ulcerative colitis (UC) and/or familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) is a late and uncommon complication. To ascertain the rate of adenocarcinoma at the empirical ileostomy site following TPC, a review of the literature was conducted. PubMed, MEDLINE, the Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature, EMBASE, Google search engine, and the Cochrane Database were investigated for research published between January 1975 and December 2016...
June 2018: Ostomy/wound Management
Sunita Panda, Cecily Begley, Deirdre Daly
BACKGROUND: Caesarean section rates are increasing worldwide and are a growing concern with limited explanation of the factors that influence the rising trend. Understanding obstetricians' and midwives' views can give insight to the problem. This systematic review aimed to offer insight and understanding, through aggregation, summary, synthesis and interpretation of findings from studies that report obstetricians' and midwives' views on the factors that influence the decision to perform caesarean section...
2018: PloS One
Elizabeth A Lynch, Taryn M Jones, Dawn B Simpson, Natalie A Fini, Suzanne S Kuys, Karen Borschmann, Sharon Kramer, Liam Johnson, Michele L Callisaya, Niruthikha Mahendran, Heidi Janssen, Coralie English
BACKGROUND: Stroke is the third leading cause of disability worldwide. Physical activity is important for secondary stroke prevention and for promoting functional recovery. However, people with stroke are more inactive than healthy age-matched controls. Therefore, interventions to increase activity after stroke are vital to reduce stroke-related disability. OBJECTIVES: To summarise the available evidence regarding the effectiveness of commercially available, wearable activity monitors and smartphone applications for increasing physical activity levels in people with stroke...
July 27, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Edith Pascale Mofo Mato, Magellan Guewo-Fokeng, M Faadiel Essop, Peter Mark Oroma Owira
BACKGROUND: Metformin is one of the most commonly used drugs for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Despite its efficacy and safety, metformin is frequently associated with highly variable glycemic responses, which is hypothesized to be the result of genetic variations in its transport by organic cation transporters (OCTs). This systematic review aims to highlight and summarize the overall effects of OCT1 polymorphisms on therapeutic responses to metformin and to evaluate their potential role in terms of interethnic differences with metformin responses...
July 25, 2018: Systematic Reviews
Yuliya Bodryzlova, Jean-Sebastien Audet, Karine Bergeron, Kieron O'Connor
Previous meta-analysis has reported the rate of reliable and clinically significant changes in hoarding disorder (HD) after cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) based on the classical CBT model of HD, as between 42% and 25%. However, in this analysis, different types of therapy (group vs individual, G-CBT and I-CBT, respectively), different providers (psychologist vs nonpsychologist), and different diagnosis (HD vs hoarding behaviour) were analysed together. Hence, it remains unclear if reported rate of changes was due to limits of the CBT model of HD or due to the fact that different applications of the model were analysed together...
July 23, 2018: Health & Social Care in the Community
Kelly Ann Bona, Arlene Hilger, Magdalena Burgess, Nicole Wozney, Cindy Shaw
"A peatland productivity and decomposition parameter database" was compiled to estimate parameters for the Canadian Model for Peatlands (CaMP); a module developed by the Canadian Forest Service to address the need for national-scale greenhouse gas emission estimates from peatlands present in the forested area of Canada. Data were compiled for 186 peatland sites from 69 sources. The SITES table contains wetland classification, tree classification, province or state, country, latitude, longitude, and an indication of coordinate accuracy...
July 21, 2018: Ecology
Huixuan Zhou, Xueyan Han, Juan Zhang, Jing Sun, Linlin Hu, Guangyu Hu, Shichao Wu, Pengyu Zhao, Feng Jiang, Yuanli Liu
Medical staff in China's tertiary public hospitals are responsible for providing healthcare to a considerable number of patients, and their job satisfaction needs attention. The aim of this study is to investigate the job satisfaction of medical staff in tertiary public hospitals and to explore its associated factors. Based on a national survey conducted in 2016, this study included 43,645 physicians and nurses nested in 136 tertiary public hospitals in 31 provinces of China. Multi-level logistic regression was used to examine job satisfaction and its association with individual characteristics and job-related factors...
July 19, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Ibraheim Almalkawi, Rebecca Jester, Louise Terry
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this integrative review is to evaluate the empirical and theoretical literature on the challenges mentors face in interpreting and assessing levels of competence of student nurses in clinical practice. DESIGN: An integrative review of the literature. DATA SOURCES: An extensive and systematic literature search was conducted covering the period 1986-September 2016 across twelve databases covering health and education related publications...
July 17, 2018: Nurse Education Today
Jan Willem van Dalen, Lennard L van Wanrooij, Eric P Moll van Charante, Carol Brayne, Willem A van Gool, Edo Richard
Importance: Fear of dementia is pervasive in older people with cognitive concerns. Much research is devoted to finding prognostic markers for dementia risk. Studies suggest apathy in older people may be prodromal to dementia and could be a relevant, easily measurable predictor of increased dementia risk. However, evidence is fragmented and methods vary greatly between studies. Objective: To systematically review and quantitatively synthesize the evidence for an association between apathy in dementia-free older individuals and incident dementia...
July 18, 2018: JAMA Psychiatry
Huixia Yang, Xinmiao Zhang, Zengping Hao
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to assess the diagnostic accuracy of a real-time optoelectronic device (TruScreen) for uterine cervical cancer screening. METHODS: On the basis of Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses (the PRISMA statement) we performed this systematic review and meta-analysis. We searched PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, CNKI, CBM, and WanFang Data using medical subject headings (MeSH) and text words. Title/abstract screening, full text check, data extraction, and methodological quality assessment (with the QUADAS-2 tool) were performed by 2 reviewers independently...
July 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Jae-Eun Lee
Objectives: This study was designed to analyze biomarker-related publications and patent trends which biobanks could consider in planning biosample collections for biomarker research. Methods: Publications and patents containing the term "biomarker" in the title published between 1998 to 2017 were retrieved using Scopus database and Google Patents search engine. Results: Over the last 20 years there has been a steady increase in biomarker-related publications and patents; however this has slowed for patents over the last few years...
June 2018: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
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