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Upper cervical technique

Timothy J Reynolds, Joseph Paul Coviello, Michael Costello
Background and Purpose: There have been few published studies regarding the treatment of patients with non-ossifying fibromas (NOFs), either conservatively or operatively. The purpose of this case report is to discuss the clinical presentation and conservative management of a teenage athlete diagnosed with a proximal humerus NOF. Case Description: The subject was a 13-year-old male middle school student with a diagnosis of left shoulder pain over the prior year preventing him from participating in sports activities...
December 2018: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Sümeyye Cildan Uysal, Emine Handan Tüzün, Levent Eker, Ender Angın
BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia is characterized by a chronic and common musculoskeletal system pain that affects cervical mobility and inspiration. This may cause changes in thoracic mechanics. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness of the muscle energy technique applied to cervical accessory respiratory muscles on respiratory muscle strength and endurance in patients with fibromyalgia. METHODS: The participants were 37 women diagnosed with fibromyalgia...
November 16, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Arun-Kumar Kaliya-Perumal, Mark Tan, Jacob Yoong Leong Oh
Ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) most commonly occurs in the cervical spine, usually involving two to three segments; however, the disease has the potential to occur anywhere in the spine. We encountered a fifty-one year old male with progressive unsteadiness and bilateral lower limb weakness for a period of six months which eventually became worse resulting in inability to walk without assistance. Neurological examination revealed normal upper limb function; however, the lower limbs demonstrated motor dysfunction...
December 2018: BioMedicine
Martina Aida Angeles, Carlos Martínez-Gómez, Federico Migliorelli, Marie Voglimacci, Justine Figurelli, Stephanie Motton, Yann Tanguy Le Gac, Gwénaël Ferron, Alejandra Martinez
The main advancement in the surgical treatment of early cervical cancer has been a de-escalation in the radical surgical approach of early stage disease. Similarly, sentinel lymph node detection with cervical tracer injection can be performed alone in microscopic tumors (stage IA) while additional lymphadenectomy is still performed in macroscopic tumors (IB1 and IIA). Parametrial resection has been progressively reduced in tumors less than 2 cm, and simple procedures, conservative (trachelectomy) or not (simple hysterectomy), are currently being evaluated in several phase III trials...
November 9, 2018: Current Treatment Options in Oncology
Peter G Passias, Saqib Hasan, Kris Radcliff, Robert Isaacs, Kristina Bianco, Cyrus M Jalai, Gregory W Poorman, Nancy J Worley, Samantha R Horn, Anthony Boniello, Peter L Zhou, Paul M Arnold, Patrick Hsieh, Alexander R Vaccaro, Michael C Gerling
Background: Informed patient selection and counseling is key in improving surgical outcomes. Understanding the impact that certain baseline variables can have on postoperative outcomes is essential in optimizing treatment for certain symptoms, such as radiculopathy from cervical spine pathologies. The aim was to identify baseline characteristics that were related to improved or worsened postoperative outcomes for patients undergoing surgery for cervical spine radiculopathic pain. Methods: Retrospective review of prospectively collected data...
October 2018: International Journal of Spine Surgery
Komsan Thamronganantasakul, Narudom Supakalin, Chumnan Kietpeerakool, Porjai Pattanittum, Pisake Lumbiganon
BACKGROUND: The para-aortic lymph nodes (located along the major vessels in the mid and upper abdomen) are a common place for disease recurrence after treatment for locally advanced cervical cancer. The para-aortic area is not covered by standard pelvic radiotherapy fields and so treatment to the pelvis alone is inadequate for women at a high risk of occult cancer within para-aortic lymph nodes. Extended-field radiotherapy (RT) widens the pelvic RT field to include the para-aortic lymph node area...
October 26, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Cédric Lenoir, Aleksandar Jankovski, André Mouraux
Recently studies have aimed at developing transcutaneous spinal direct current stimulation (tsDCS) as a non-invasive technique to modulate spinal function in humans. Independent studies evaluating its after-effects on nociceptive or non-nociceptive somatosensory responses have reported comparable effects suggesting that tsDCS impairs axonal conduction of both the spino-thalamic and the medial lemniscus tracts. The present study aimed to better understand how tsDCS affects, in humans, the spinal transmission of nociceptive and non-nociceptive somatosensory inputs...
October 12, 2018: Neuroscience
In Chan Baek, Kyungeun Park, Tae Lim Kim, Jehoon O, Hun-Mu Yang, Shin Hyung Kim
Purpose: The spread patterns between different injectate volumes have not yet been investigated in ultrasound-guided greater occipital nerve (GON) block at the C2 level. This cadaveric study was undertaken to compare the spread pattern and nerve involvements of different volumes of dye using this technique. Materials and methods: After randomization, ultrasound-guided GON blocks with 1 or 5 mL dye solution were performed at the C2 level on the right or left side of five fresh cadavers...
2018: Journal of Pain Research
Eliana B Saltzman, Schneider K Rancy, Darryl B Sneag, Joseph H Feinberg Md, Dale J Lange, Scott W Wolfe
BACKGROUND: Acute flaccid myelitis is associated with enterovirus D68 -induced inflammation and destruction of cervical anterior horn cells. To date, no medical intervention has altered the disease course. METHODS: We report two pediatric patients who were treated with nerve transfer in three limbs with sustained upper extremity neuropathy. Postoperative outcomes included muscle strength, graded on the British Medical Research Council (BMRC) scale, range of motion, and electromyography...
November 2018: Pediatric Neurology
Ahmed B Bayoumi, Selim Berk, Ibrahim E Efe, Elif Gulsah Bas, Melissa Duran, Tolga Yigit, Agin Erden, Bruce S Kristal, Turker Kilic, Deniz Konya, Zafer Orkun Toktas
BACKGROUND: The posterior cervical keyhole (KH) laminoforaminotomy has been described to involve the lateral portion of cervical laminae of the upper vertebra alone (small KH) or of both upper and lower vertebrae (large KH). OBJECTIVE: To microscopically compare the two keyhole techniques in terms of their ability to expose the corresponding cervical roots. METHODS: Ten cadaveric specimens were operated bilaterally from C3-4 to C6-7 level to expose a total of 80 nerve roots...
August 30, 2018: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
F Antonescu, M Adam, C Popa, S Tuţă
Rationale. In recent years, significant advances have been made on the subject of MRI examination techniques, which have opened new avenues of research regarding the spinal involvement in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Objective. Our objective was to compile and analyze the available literature data, concerning the MRI of the cervical spine in ALS, detailing the metrics and their significance in diagnosis and follow-up. Methods and results. We have conducted an extensive search on the subject using literature data published over the last fifteen years, correlating it with our own experience...
April 2018: Journal of Medicine and Life
Parth Kanaiyalal Patel, Mishal Shah, Sanjeev Patni, Shashikant Saini
BACKGROUND: Anastomosis in gastrointestinal (GI) surgery is a commonly performed procedure. Irrelevant various methods of intestinal anastomosis were followed - recent advance is the use of a stapler as a device for GI anastomosis. Due to the use of staplers, technical failures are a rarity, anastomosis is more consistent and can be used at difficult locations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: : Between 2008 and August 2016, 75 patients with esophagus or gastroesophageal junction carcinoma underwent curative intent resection either via a right posterolateral thoracotomy (TTE) or transhiatal esophagectomy or video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery with linear stapler anastomosis...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Cancer
Rushna Ali, Jeewon Chon, Letha Mathews, Hong Yu, Peter Konrad
OBJECTIVE: Cervical spinal cord stimulation is a safe and effective treatment for chronic axial neck pain and upper limb neuropathic pain. We report our novel institutional experience with performing cervical spinal cord stimulation trials with patients placed in an upright sitting position. This allows easy access to the cervical epidural space and has the added benefit of unobstructed access to the airway. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed data for patients who had undergone cervical spinal cord stimulation trial procedures in an upright, sitting position at the Vanderbilt University Medical Center...
November 2018: World Neurosurgery
Xinghai Yang, Shaohui He, Jian Yang, Dongyu Peng, Jian Jiao, Chen Ye, Haifeng Wei, Jianru Xiao
OBJECTIVE: Osteotomy through anterior exposure is challenging with severe complications for upper cervical kyphosis (CK), especially for cases with previous anterior fusion. A novel technique comprising 1-stage osteotomy via a posterolateral-only approach is introduced for treatment of CK secondary to C2-4 laminectomy for neurofibroma removal and subsequent anterior fusion. METHODS: A 42-year-old man presented with progressive numbness and weakness of upper and lower limbs...
November 2018: World Neurosurgery
Vanessa González-Rueda, Carlos López-de-Celis, Ana García-Barrull, Miriam Cid-Quintas, Aurore Bonnet, Andoni Carrasco-Uribarren, Martín Eusebio Barra-López
BACKGROUND: Hypomobility on a cervical segment is a frequent finding which is sometimes asymptomatic. The effects of inhibitory suboccipital techniques on cervical mobility have not been evaluated. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect on cervical mobility, of pressure maintained suboccipital inhibition manual technique versus a self-treatment using an Occipivot cushion, in asymptomatic subjects with limited mobility assessed by the flexion-rotation test. METHODS: Before-after randomized uncontrolled trial...
July 20, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Minyi Yang, Nannan Zhang, Haodong Shi, Hui Li, Shichang Liu, Zongrang Song, Lequn Shan, Qining Wu, Dingjun Hao
The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and feasibility of a life-size 3-dimensional printing assisted posterior internal fixation. We performed a retrospective review of 138 patients who received posterior atlantoaxial internal fixation from October 2009 to March 2015 with a minimum follow-up period of 12 months. Group A included 76 patients who received the conventional free-hand technique. Group B included 62 patients who were treated with internal fixation assisted by 3D printing. The placement accuracy of the screw was evaluated in the computed tomography images according to the methods of Hojo and clinical outcomes were evaluated using the visual analogue scale, the Japanese Orthopedic Association Score, and the Neck Disability Index score...
July 23, 2018: Scientific Reports
Ayesha Moin, Akshay D Shetty, T S Archana, Saurabh G Kale
Facial paralysis can be a devastating consequence resulting from blunt and penetrating trauma to the head and neck, as well as surgical injury, either accidental or due to involvement by tumor. In addition, the etiology can be attributed to a variety of other causes, ranging from infectious to metabolic, and is frequently idiopathic in nature. The incidence of facial nerve injury during temporomandibular joint (TMJ) surgeries varies among surgeons. There are many factors that could contribute to the injury of the temporal and zygomatic branches of the facial nerve...
January 2018: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
R Zorron, C Bures, A Brandl, P Seika, V Müller, M Alkhazraji, J Pratschke, M Mogl
BACKGROUND: Nowadays, minimally invasive thyroid and parathyroid gland resections for both benign and malignant tumors are rarely performed. Recently, promising new endoscopic transoral approaches to the anterior neck have been described with good results and few complications. This study describes the first clinical series in Germany using transoral endoscopic thyroidectomy-vestibular approach (TOETVA) and identifies technical issues and solutions. METHODS: The technique is indicated for hemithyroidectomy in patients without pre-existing neck operations...
June 19, 2018: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
P Brandicourt, J C Sol, S Aldéa, F Bonneville, P Cintas, D Brauge
INTRODUCTION: Hirayama disease is a rare cervical myelopathy predominantly affecting young adults and mainly found in Asia. It results in a pure motor distal lesion of the upper limbs with slow progression. Dynamic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), which allows the diagnosis to be made, shows a typical appearance of anterior compression of the cervical spinal cord associated with enlargement of the posterior epidural spaces due to a dilated venous plexus. Surgery is considered when conservative treatment has failed...
September 2018: Neuro-Chirurgie
Nicole Williams, Alessandro Narducci, Deborah M Eastwood, Maureen Cleary, Dominic Thompson
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series OBJECTIVE.: To review clinical and radiological outcomes of craniovertebral surgery in children with Morquio A syndrome (Mucopolysaccharidosis type IVA) and develop an evidence-based management algorithm. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Myelopathy secondary to craniovertebral pathology is a common cause of neurological disability in Morquio A syndrome. Previously unresolved surgical controversies include the value of surveillance, surgical indications and operative technique...
June 12, 2018: Spine
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