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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398291/fine-dissection-of-the-tarsal-tunnel-in-60-cases
#1
Y Yang, M L Du, Y S Fu, W Liu, Q Xu, X Chen, Y J Hao, Z Liu, M J Gao
The fine dissection of nerves and blood vessels in the tarsal tunnel is necessary for clinical operations to provide anatomical information. A total of 60 feet from 30 cadavers were dissected. Two imaginary reference lines that passed through the tip of the medial malleolus were applied. A detailed description of the branch pattern and the corresponding position of the posterior tibial nerve, posterior tibial artery, medial calcaneal nerve and medial calcaneal artery was provided, and the measured data were analyzed...
April 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394682/combined-treatment-of-diabetic-foot-ulcer-with-tarsal-tunnel-release-and-perilesional-injections-of-peripheral-blood-mononuclear-cells
#2
Emilio Trignano, Nefer Fallico, Gino Zingone, Corrado Rubino, Fabio Santanelli Di Pompeo, Gian Vittorio Campus
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391980/histamine-h1-and-h4-receptor-expression-on-the-ocular-surface-of%C3%A2-patients-with-chronic-allergic-conjunctival-diseases
#3
Noriko Inada, Jun Shoji, Yukiko Shiraki, Hiroshi Aso, Satoru Yamagami
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the histamine H1 and H4 receptors mRNA (H1R and H4R, respectively) expression on the ocular surface of patients with chronic forms of allergic conjunctival diseases to determine whether they can serve as biomarkers for allergic inflammation in the conjunctiva. METHODS: We examined 19 patients with vernal or atopic keratoconjunctivitis (AKC/VKC group) and 15 healthy volunteers (control group). The AKC/VKC group was divided into active and stable stage subgroups...
April 5, 2017: Allergology International: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Allergology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385001/comparative-kinematic-gait-analysis-in-young-and-old-beagle-dogs
#4
Malin Lorke, Maray Willen, Karin Lucas, Martin Beyerbach, Patrick Wefstaedt, Hugo Murua Escobar, Ingo Nolte
Age-related involution in dogs involves loss of muscle mass and changes in connective tissue and articular cartilage. The aim of this study was to examine whether an age-related influence on joint mobility can be detected in the absence of diseases. Five young (Ø 2.0 years) and five old (Ø 10.4 years) healthy and sound Beagle dogs were measured during locomotion on a treadmill by computer-assisted gait analysis. Angles of the shoulder, elbow, carpal, hip, stifle and tarsal joints were analyzed, including joint angle progression curves, minimum and maximum joint angles and range of motion (ROM)...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373932/endoscopic-resection-of-dorsal-boss-of-the-second-and-third-tarsometatarsal-joints
#5
Tun Hing Lui
Dorsal boss of the foot also known as "tarsal boss," "dorsal exostosis," and "humped bone" is a bone spur that grows from one of the intertarsal or tarsometatarsal joints. It can occur with or without arthritis of the underlying joints. Surgery is indicated if the symptoms do not respond to conservative treatment. Excision of the dorsal boss with or without fusion of the underlying joint is the operative treatment of choice. We report an arthroscopic approach of resection of the dorsal exostosis. Arthroscopic arthrodesis if indicated can be performed through the same portals...
February 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373032/comparative-morphology-of-the-prothoracic-leg-in-heliconian-butterflies-tracing-size-allometry-podite-fusions-and-losses-in-ontogeny-and-phylogeny
#6
Gilson R P Moreira, Denis S Silva, Gislene L Gonçalves
Prothoracic legs of heliconian butterflies (Nymphalidae, Heliconiinae, Heliconiini) are reduced in size compared to mesothoracic and metathoracic legs. They have no apparent function in males, but are used by females for drumming on hostplants, a behavior related to oviposition site selection. Here, taking into account all recognized lineages of heliconian butterflies, we described their tarsi using optical and scanning electron microscopy and searched for podite fusions and losses, and analyzed allometry at the static, ontogenetic and phylogenetic levels...
March 31, 2017: Arthropod Structure & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361017/lower-limb-stress-fractures-in-sport-optimising-their-management-and-outcome
#7
REVIEW
Greg A J Robertson, Alexander M Wood
Stress fractures in sport are becoming increasing more common, comprising up to 10% of all of sporting injuries. Around 90% of such injuries are located in the lower limb. This articles aims to define the optimal management of lower limb stress fractures in the athlete, with a view to maximise return rates and minimise return times to sport. Treatment planning of this condition is specific to the location of the injury. However, there remains a clear division of stress fractures by "high" and "low" risk. "Low risk" stress fractures are those with a low probability of fracture propagation, delayed union, or non-union, and so can be managed reliably with rest and exercise limitation...
March 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350692/enhanced-fasanella-servat-procedure-for-the-graded-repair-of-blepharoptosis
#8
Victoria S North, Ashley A Campbell, Alison B Callahan, Geoff Wilcsek, Michael Kazim
PURPOSE: To describe in detail a technique for a modified Fasanella-Servat procedure that provides a simplified method for graded Mueller muscle excision with minimal and controlled tarsal excision. METHODS: A retrospective study of 71 patients (102 eyelids) who underwent the modified Fasanella-Servat procedure is reported. Measurements include the preoperative, post-phenylephrine, and postoperative margin-to-reflex distance-1, and postoperative upper eyelid height symmetry as determined by the absolute difference between right- and left-sided margin-to-reflex distance-1...
March 27, 2017: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349710/endovascular-devices-and-revascularization-techniques-for-limb-threatening-ischemia-in-individuals-with-diabetes
#9
Jayer Chung
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a rapidly worsening global epidemic over the last thirty-five years. The increased prevalence of DM has changed the phenotypic expression of atherosclerotic limb threatening ischemia (LTI), resulting in an increase in lesions in the tibial vessels. These patients are also afflicted with peripheral neuropathy, foot deformities, and medial calcification of the vasculature. In response to the evolving phenotype of atherosclerosis, newer minimally invasive tools and techniques have been developed to improve the blood supply in LTI...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345764/the-tarsal-metatarsal-complex-of-caviomorph-rodents-anatomy-and-functional-adaptive-analysis
#10
Adriana M Candela, Nahuel A Muñoz, César M García-Esponda
Caviomorph rodents represent a major adaptive radiation of Neotropical mammals. They occupy a variety of ecological niches, which is also reflected in their wide array of locomotor behaviors. It is expected that this radiation would be mirrored by an equivalent disparity of tarsal-metatarsal morphology. Here, the tarsal-metatarsal complex of Erethizontidae, Cuniculidae, Dasyproctidae, Caviidae, Chinchillidae, Octodontidae, Ctenomyidae, and Echimyidae was examined, in order to evaluate its anatomical variation and functional-adaptive relevance in relation to locomotor behaviors...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Morphology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344594/articular-inflammation-induced-by-an-enzymatically-inactive-lys49-phospholipase-a2-activation-of-endogenous-phospholipases-contributes-to-the-pronociceptive-effect
#11
Renata Gonçalves Dias, Sandra Coccuzzo Sampaio, Morena Brazil Sant'Anna, Fernando Queiroz Cunha, José María Gutiérrez, Bruno Lomonte, Yara Cury, Gisele Picolo
BACKGROUND: Arthritis is a set of inflammatory conditions that induce aching, stiffness, swelling, pain and may cause functional disability with severe consequences to the patient's lives. These are multi-mediated pathologies that cannot be effectively protected and/or treated. Therefore, the aim of this study was to establish a new model of acute arthritis, using a Lys49-PLA2 (Bothrops asper myotoxin II; MT-II) to induce articular inflammation. METHODS: The articular inflammation was induced by MT-II (10 μg/joint) injection into the left tibio-tarsal or femoral-tibial-patellar joints...
2017: Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins Including Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331397/world-reclassification-of-the-cardiophorinae-coleoptera-elateridae-based-on-phylogenetic-analyses-of-morphological-characters
#12
Hume B Douglas
The prior genus-level classification of Cardiophorinae had never been assessed phylogenetically, and not revised since 1906. A phylogeny for Cardiophorinae and Negastriinae is inferred by Bayesian analyses of 163 adult morphological characters to revise the generic classification. Parsimony analysis is also performed to assess the sensitivity of the Bayesian results to the choice of optimality criterion. Bayesian hypothesis testing rejected monophyly for: Negastriinae; Cardiophorinae (but monophyletic after addition of four taxa); Cardiophorini; cardiophorine genera Aphricus LeConte, 1853; Aptopus Eschscholtz, 1829; Cardiophorus Eschscholtz, 1829; Cardiotarsus Eschscholtz, 1836; Paracardiophorus Schwarz, 1895; Phorocardius Fleutiaux, 1931; Dicronychussensu Platia, 1994; Dicronychussensu Méquignon, 1931; Craspedostethussensu Schwarz, 1906 (i...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315653/techniques-for-nonterminal-blood-sampling-in-black-tailed-prairie-dogs-cynomys-ludovicianus
#13
Valerie Head, David Eshar, Melissa R Nau
Black-tailed prairie dogs (Cynomys ludovicianus) are used as an animal model for research on gallbladder stones and several infectious diseases. A comprehensive, instructive resource regarding the appropriate techniques for venipuncture and collection of nonterminal blood samples in this species has not yet been published. Blood samples (1 mL or larger) were readily obtained from the jugular vein, femoral vein, or cranial vena cava, whereas peripheral sites, such as the cephalic vein, saphenous vein, and tarsal vein, mainly were useful for obtaining smaller volumes...
March 1, 2017: Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science: JAALAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306191/biomechanical-markers-and-theoretical-concepts-related-to-haemophilic-ankle-and-subtalar-joint-arthropathy-introducing-the-term-haemophilic-tarsal-pan-arthropathy
#14
REVIEW
S Lobet, A McCarthy, C Hermans, K Peerlinck, G A Matricali, F Staes, K Deschamps
BACKGROUND: Although regular factor replacement can reduce the incidence of joint bleeds and slow down the development of haemophilic arthropathy, the ankle joint remains particularly vulnerable even in children with haemophilia on primary or secondary prophylaxis and is now the primary joint affected. The heterogeneity in the pathoaetiology of haemophilic ankle arthropathy means that the functional consequences of early stage of ankle arthropathy are difficult to define as early morphological and structural changes can be observed in clinically asymptomatic ankles...
March 17, 2017: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295452/presumed-lupus-erythematosus-cells-identified-in-bronchoalveolar-lavage-fluid-from-a-mexican-hairless-dog
#15
Laura J Black, Ashley C Hechler, Maura E Duffy, Sarah S K Beatty
A neutered male Mexican Hairless dog was presented for generalized weight loss and weakness. Initial laboratory testing and diagnostic imaging revealed thrombocytopenia and an interstitial to miliary lung pattern affecting all lung fields. Mild joint effusion was found on physical examination affecting the stifle, tarsal, carpal, and elbow joints. Examination of synovial fluid demonstrated an inflammatory polyarthropathy in 3 joints. Cytocentrifuged and direct preparations of the bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid sample were made and cells consistent with lupus erythematosus (LE) cells and ragocytes were found...
March 13, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270861/computed-tomography-derived-bone-density-measurement-in-the-diabetic-foot
#16
Alex Barwick, John Tessier, James Mirow, Xanne Janse de Jonge, Vivienne Chuter
BACKGROUND: The accurate and reliable measurement of foot bone density is challenging and there is currently no gold standard technique. Such measurement is particularly valuable in populations at risk of foot bone pathology such as in those with long term diabetes. With research and development, computed tomography may prove to be a useful tool for this assessment. The aim of this study was to establish the reliability of a novel method of foot bone density measurement in people with diabetes using computed tomography...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269397/hardness-map-of-human-meta-tarsals-and-phalanges-of-toes
#17
Irfan Manarvi
Predicting location of fracture in human bones has been a keen area of research for the past few decades. A variety of tests for hardness, deformation and strain field measurement have been conducted in the past; but considered insufficient due to various limitations. Researchers therefore have proposed further studies due to inaccuracies in measurement methods, testing machines and experimental errors. Advancement and availability of hardware, measuring instrumentation and testing machines can now provide remedies to these limitations...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267388/inferior-tarsal-muscle-conjunctivectomy-for-reverse-ptosis-repair-a-novel-technique
#18
Ramón Medel, Òscar Balaguer Solé, Luz María Vasquez
We describe a new technique for treatment of reverse ptosis in a patient with Horner Syndrome by means of excision of conjunctiva and inferior tarsal muscle. Surgery with eversion of inferior ptotic eyelid, placement of the Putterman ptosis clamp on the conjunctiva under inferior tarsus, suturing under incarcerated tissue and resection of 6mm of conjunctiva and inferior tarsal muscle was done under local anaesthesia in a short operating time with good cosmetic results without eyelid malposition or skin scar...
March 7, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264274/a-new-species-of-i-phyllodytes-i-wagler-1830-anura-hylidae-from-the-atlantic-forest-of-southern-bahia-brazil
#19
Euvaldo Marciano-Jr, Amanda Santiago F Lantyer-Silva, Mirco Solé
We describe a new species of Phyllodytes from Ilhéus (15º04'S, 39º03'W; 95 m above sea level), south of state of Bahia, in the northeastern Atlantic Forest of Brazil. Phyllodytes megatympanum sp. nov. is diagnosable by the following combination of characters: (1) dorsum of body, arms, and legs uniformly light brown; (2) groin yellow; (3) snout pointed in dorsal view, protruding in profile; (4) tympanum large with a round distinct tympanic annulus; (5) adult males with two anterior large odontoids followed by a series of smaller odontoids on each side of the mandible; (6) well-developed tubercle near tibio-tarsal joint; (7) advertisement call composed of a series of 12 to 19 unpulsed notes, with harmonic structure and (8) mean dominant frequency of 3...
March 2, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260272/lisfranc-injuries
#20
Sacha Wynter, Cameron Grigg
BACKGROUND: Injury to the tarsometatarsal joint is a relatively rare occurrence that is commonly missed, leading to debilitating outcomes. For this reason, it is considered a red flag in general practice. OBJECTIVE: This article reviews the current literature on tarsometatarsal injuries and describes clinical assessment, imaging and management. DISCUSSION: Lisfranc injuries refer to the displacement of the metatarsals from the tarsus, with special attention placed on the second tarsometa-tarsal joint and Lisfranc ligament...
March 2017: Australian Family Physician
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