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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803239/therapeutic-effect-of-0-1-tacrolimus-eye-drops-in-the-tarsal-form-of-vernal-keratoconjunctivitis
#1
Qi Wan, Jing Tang, Yu Han, Dan Wang, Hongquan Ye
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of 0.1% tacrolimus eye drops in the tarsal form of vernal keratoconjunctivitis (VKC) and to survey the changes of dendritic cells at the palpebral conjunctiva in patients with VKC by in vivo confocal microscopy. METHODS: A total of 17 patients (34 eyes) with the tarsal form of VKC were enrolled in this prospective, nonrandomized case series. They were treated with 0.1% tacrolimus eye drops twice daily after discontinuation of all other topical medications...
August 12, 2017: Ophthalmic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801771/morphology-and-ultrastructure-of-the-tarsal-adhesive-organs-of-the-madagascar-hissing-cockroach-gromphadorhina-portentosa
#2
Christian Schmitt, Oliver Betz
The present transmission and scanning electron microscopic study of the ultramorphology of the pliable attachment pads (arolium, euplantulae) of the Madagascar hissing cockroach Gromphadorhina portentosa reveals structural evidence for their function in producing, storing, and secreting an adhesion-mediating secretion and releasing it to the exterior. The exocrine epidermal tissue of both the arolium and the euplantula is significantly enlarged by numerous invaginations stretching into the hemolymph cavity...
August 12, 2017: Cell and Tissue Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794675/ten-new-genera-of-agathidini-hymenoptera-braconidae-agathidinae-from-southeast-asia
#3
Michael J Sharkey, Eric Chapman
The Agathidini (Braconidae: Agathidinae) genera of Southeast Asia are revised based on a phylogenetic analysis of COI and 28S. Ten new genera are proposed, i.e., Agathigma, Asperagathis, Chimaeragathis, Cymagathis, Liragathis, Leuroagathis, Scabagathis, Trochantagathis, Xanthagathis, and Zosteragathis. An illustrated key to the Southeast Asian genera of this tribe is presented. Species from Thailand are keyed and described for all genera of Agathidini except Bassus and Zosteragathis which have too many species for this publication and will be dealt with separately...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790476/surgical-treatment-of-sanders-type-2-calcaneal-fractures-using-a-sinus-tarsi-approach
#4
Chul Hyun Park, Dong Yeol Lee
BACKGROUND: Calcaneum is the most commonly fractured tarsal bone. The optimal treatment for displaced calcaneus fractures involving the posterior facet is surgical. The extensile lateral approach is commonly preferred because it provides sufficient exposure of the subtalar facet. However, this technique has the risk of complications such as wound necrosis and sural nerve injury. Various minimally invasive approaches, such as sinus tarsi approach, limited posterior approach, and percutaneous approach, have been introduced to reduce possible complications...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777279/fat-graft-and-bone-wax-interposition-provides-better-functional-outcomes-and-lower-reossification-rates-than-extensor-digitorum-brevis-after-calcaneonavicular-coalition-resection
#5
Javier Masquijo, Victoria Allende, Armando Torres-Gomez, Matthew B Dobbs
BACKGROUND: Calcaneonavicular coalitions are the most common form of tarsal coalitions. The prefered treatment for symptomatic coalitions is surgical resection; however, there are no published studies that directly compare different interposition techniques. The purpose of the present study was to retrospectively compare pain relief, functional outcomes, and complications of children and adolescents who had a resection of a symptomatic calcaneonavicular coalition with interposition of fat graft, bone wax, or extensor digitorum brevis (EDB)...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769552/determinative-factors-in-surgical-planning-of-eyebrow-cosmetic-and-reconstructive-surgery
#6
Mohammad Taher Rajabi, Ali Makateb, Narges Hassanpoor, Seyedeh Simindokht Hosseini, Fatameh Bazvand, Syed Ziaeddin Tabatabaie, Mohammad Bagher Rajabi
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify the different factors that an oculoplastic surgeon should consider while practicing cosmetic or reconstructive eyebrow surgery in order to have the final patient's satisfaction. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: In an observational case series study, five photographs were taken from each of 60 females to show ideal eyebrow positioning with fingers. Eyebrow landmarks, including tarsal plate show (TPS) and eyebrow height, were measured in the ideal position...
2017: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744134/reconstruction-of-fingers-after-electrical-injury-using-lateral-tarsal-artery-flap
#7
Minghua Zhang, Mitao Huang, Pihong Zhang, Pengfei Liang, Licheng Ren, Jizhang Zeng, Jie Zhou, Xiong Liu, Tinghong Xie, Xiaoyuan Huang
OBJECTIVE: Electrical injuries to the fingers account for the majority of total severe burns that occur each year. While several types of flaps have been used in covering finger defects, all have limitations or disadvantages. The purpose of this study was to introduce our clinical experiences of using the lateral tarsal artery (LTA) flap to successfully restore fingers after electrical injury. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From 2005 to 2012, 10 patients with 14 severe electrical burns to their fingers, including six thumbs and four index and four middle fingers, were treated with LTA flap...
2017: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733134/mobility-of-the-first-ray-in-patients-with-or-without-hallux-valgus-deformity-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Naohiro Shibuya, Thomas S Roukis, Daniel C Jupiter
The hypermobility theory of the first ray is the reason for the popularization of procedures such as the modified Lapidus procedure involving arthrodesis of the first tarsal-metatarsal joint for correction of hallux valgus deformity. Although many studies have involved motion of the first ray in hallux valgus patients, the presence and clinical significance of hypermobility in the first ray remains controversial. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the difference in the first ray range of motion between patients with or without hallux valgus deformity...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724887/first-ornithomimid-theropoda-ornithomimosauria-from-the-upper-cretaceous-djadokhta-formation-of-t%C3%A3-gr%C3%A3-giin-shiree-mongolia
#9
Chinzorig Tsogtbaatar, Yoshitsugu Kobayashi, Tsogtbaatar Khishigjav, Philip J Currie, Mahito Watabe, Barsbold Rinchen
The Upper Cretaceous Djadokhta Formation has been intensively surveyed for its fossil vertebrate fauna for nearly a century. Amongst other theropods, dromaeosaurids and parvicursorines are common in the formation, but ornithomimosaurs are extremely rare. A new ornithomimosaur material was discovered from the Djadokhta Formation, represented by eolian deposits, of the Tögrögiin Shiree locality, Mongolia. This is only the third ornithomimosaur specimen reported from this formation, and includes the astragalus, the calcaneum, the third distal tarsal, and a complete pes...
July 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719271/trachomatous-scar-ranking-a-novel-outcome-for-trachoma-studies
#10
Angela Baldwin, Alexander M Ryner, Zerihun Tadesse, Ayalew Shiferaw, Kelly Callahan, Dionna M Fry, Zhaoxia Zhou, Thomas M Lietman, Jeremy D Keenan
AbstractWe evaluated a new trachoma scarring ranking system with potential use in clinical research. The upper right tarsal conjunctivas of 427 individuals from Ethiopian villages with hyperendemic trachoma were photographed. An expert grader first assigned a scar grade to each photograph using the 1981 World Health Organization (WHO) grading system. Then, all photographs were ranked from least (rank = 1) to most scarring (rank = 427). Photographic grading found 79 (18.5%) conjunctivae without scarring (C0), 191 (44...
June 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718821/tick-haller-s-organ-a-new-paradigm-for-arthropod-olfaction-how-ticks-differ-from-insects
#11
Ann L Carr, Robert D Mitchell Iii, Anirudh Dhammi, Brooke W Bissinger, Daniel E Sonenshine, R Michael Roe
Ticks are the vector of many human and animal diseases; and host detection is critical to this process. Ticks have a unique sensory structure located exclusively on the 1st pairs of legs; the fore-tarsal Haller's organ, not found in any other animals, presumed to function like the insect antennae in chemosensation but morphologically very different. The mechanism of tick chemoreception is unknown. Utilizing next-generation sequencing and comparative transcriptomics between the 1st and 4th legs (the latter without the Haller's organ), we characterized 1st leg specific and putative Haller's organ specific transcripts from adult American dog ticks, Dermacentor variabilis...
July 18, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700402/fibromyxoma-of-the-tarsus-a-case-report
#12
Yeon Hee Lee, Ju Mi Kim, Jin-Man Kim, Sung Bok Lee
A 61-year-old woman presented with a slow-growing mass on the right upper eyelid. The hard, fixed, and nontender mass was apparent on the right upper eyelid. It was immobile, and it seemed to be adhered to the tarsus. Total excision of the mass was performed. A histopathological examination revealed a solid mass with fibrous and myxoid areas with scattered spindle- to stellate-shaped cells in a fibromyxoid matrix. The immunochemistry examination stained positively for CD34 and CD99. Based on these findings, the lesion was diagnosed as a tarsal fibromyxoma...
July 10, 2017: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690224/-autologous-tissue-reconstruction-of-tarsal-plate-combined-with-temporal-flap-in-repairing-full-thickness-lower-eyelid-defect
#13
Ming Li, Shaoqian Liu, Nian Chen, Feijiao Duan, Hongju Xie
To evaluate the clinical effect of combination of autologous tissue reconstruction of tarsal plate with temporal flap on repair of full-thickness lower eyelid defect. 
 Methods: Eleven patients (11 eyes) underwent hard palate mucosa or ear cartilage combined the emporal flap with the orbicularis oculi muscle to repair full-thickness defect of palpebra inferior. Of the 11 patients, 6 had more than 75% eyelid defect area, and 5 had more than 50% eyelid defect area. 
 Results: All 11 eyes closed completely, with no entropion or ectropion, and returned to normal basically...
June 28, 2017: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689170/late-outcomes-of-gold-weights-and-platinum-chains-for-upper-eyelid-loading
#14
We Fong Siah, Sonali Nagendran, Petrina Tan, Syed Mustafa Ali Ahmad, Andre S Litwin, Raman Malhotra
AIM: To identify late outcomes of gold weights (GWs) and platinum chains (PCs) for upper eyelid loading in the management of lagophthalmos. METHODS: A retrospective case series of upper eyelid GWs and PCs at a single centre over a 10-year period (2004-2013). Two independent, blinded assessors graded standard photographs for any weight-related morbidity (poor upper eyelid contour, weight prominence and migration). RESULTS: Primary upper eyelid loading (high-tarsal technique) was performed in 154 eyelids of 136 patients (facial nerve palsy, n=99; non-paralytic, n=37)...
July 8, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682021/causes-and-surgical-outcomes-of-lower-eyelid-retraction
#15
Kun Hae Kim, Ji Sun Baek, Saem Lee, Jung Hye Lee, Hye Sun Choi, Sung Joo Kim, Jae Woo Jang
PURPOSE: To investigate the causes of lower eyelid retraction and evaluate the outcomes of various surgical procedures. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective medical record review of patients who underwent lower eyelid retraction surgery performed by a single surgeon at Kim's Eye Hospital between 2006 and 2013. We investigated the causes of lower eyelid retraction, clinical history, characteristics, treatment, and surgical outcomes. Preoperative and postoperative margin reflex distance 2 and inferior scleral show were measured for each eyelid...
August 2017: Korean Journal of Ophthalmology: KJO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676045/folded-bandage-contact-lens-retention-in-a-patient-with-bilateral-dry-eye-symptoms-a-case-report
#16
Derek K-H Ho, John P Mathews
BACKGROUND: Bandage contact lenses are commonly used by ophthalmic practitioners to protect the patient's cornea. We report a case of folded bandage contact lens retained for six and a half years in the upper subtarsal space. To our knowledge, no other cases of retained bandage contact lens have previously been reported in the literature. CASE PRESENTATION: A patient was applied a pair of bandage contact lenses due to persistent ocular pain secondary to dry eye symptoms...
July 4, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675805/characterization-of-normal-murine-carpal-bone-development-prompts-re-evaluation-of-pathologic-osteolysis-as-the-cause-of-human-carpal-tarsal-osteolysis-disorders
#17
Syndia Lazarus, Hsu-Wen Tseng, Felicity Lawrence, Maria Ann Woodruff, Emma Letitia Duncan, Allison Robyn Pettit
Multicentric carpal-tarsal osteolysis; multicentric osteolysis, nodulosis, and arthropathy; and Winchester syndromes, skeletal dysplasias characterized by carpal/tarsal and epiphyseal abnormalities, are caused by mutations in v-maf musculoaponeurotic fibrosarcoma oncogene ortholog B (MAFB), matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP2), and MMP14, respectively; however, the underlying pathophysiology is unclear. Osteoclast-mediated osteolysis has been regarded as the main mechanism, but does not explain the skeletal distribution...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668579/a-candidate-imaging-marker-for-early-detection-of-charcot-neuroarthropathy
#18
Paul K Commean, Kirk E Smith, Charles F Hildebolt, Kathryn L Bohnert, David R Sinacore, Fred W Prior
Inflammation-mediated foot osteopenia may play a pivotal role in the etiogenesis, pathogenesis, and therapeutic outcomes in individuals with diabetes mellitus (DM), peripheral neuropathy (PN), and Charcot neuroarthropathy (CN). Our objective was to establish a volumetric quantitative computed tomography-derived foot bone measurement as a candidate prognostic imaging marker to identify individuals with DMPN who were at risk of developing CN. We studied 3 groups: 16 young controls (27 ± 5 years), 20 with DMPN (57 ± 11 years), and 20 with DMPN and CN (55 ± 9 years)...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical Densitometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666050/open-navicular-dislocation-with-midfoot-dissociation-in-a-45-year-old-man
#19
Dean N Papaliodis, Timothy T Roberts, Maria Vanushkina, Shankar Das, Jordan Lisella, John DiPreta
Traumatic dislocation of an intact tarsal navicular is an uncommon injury. In this article, we report a case of open medial navicular dislocation in a 45-year-old man. The injury was managed with open reduction and stabilization with Kirschner wires within the acute period. Ten months after injury, the patient developed avascular necrosis of the navicular and exhibited progressive collapse of the medial midfoot. He underwent naviculocuneiform arthrodesis 1 year after the index surgery. Two years after fusion, he was pain-free and ambulating independently...
May 2017: American Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664501/tarsal-tunnel-syndrome-still-more-opinions-than-evidence-status-of-the-art
#20
REVIEW
Pietro Emiliano Doneddu, Daniele Coraci, Claudia Loreti, Giulia Piccinini, Luca Padua
Tarsal tunnel syndrome is an entrapment neuropathy of the posterior tibial nerve or its terminal branches within its fibro-osseous tunnel beneath the flexor retinaculum on the medial side of the ankle. The condition is frequently underdiagnosed leading to controversies regarding its epidemiology and to an intense debate in the literature. With the advent of nerve imaging techniques, the diagnostic confirmation and the etiological identification have become more accurate. However, management of this entrapment neuropathy remains challenging because of many intervention strategies but limited robust evidence...
June 29, 2017: Neurological Sciences
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