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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351708/eyelid-reconstruction-pediculated-versus-non-pediculated
#1
Sonja Frimmel, Christoph Kniestedt, Karla Chaloupka
BACKGROUND: To compare the functional and cosmetic outcome of pediculated versus free anterior and posterior lamella reconstruction after large eyelid defects due to malignancy excision. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective study over 2 years with 12 patients matching the criterion of pediculated versus non-pediculated transplants out of a cohort of 124 tumor excisions. The mean age was 76 ± 8 years of the 7 male and 5 female patients. In the majority of cases, more than half of the eyelid was excised...
January 19, 2018: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350643/calcaneal-fractures-radiological-and-ct-evaluation-and-classification-systems
#2
Michele Galluzzo, Federico Greco, Michele Pietragalla, Alioscia De Renzis, Mattia Carbone, Marcello Zappia, Nicola Maggialetti, Alfredo D'andrea, Giuseppe Caracchini, Vittorio Miele
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE WORK: The calcaneus, the more lower bone of the body, has the task of supporting the axial load from the weight of the body. Calcaneal fractures represent about 1-2% of all fractures and 60% of the tarsal bones fractures. The articular involvement has been associated with a poor functional outcome. The aim of this work is to describe the radiologic evaluation, the classification systems, the morphological preoperative diagnostic imaging features of calcaneal fractures, highlighting the correlation with the choice of treatment and predictive capacity for the fracture surgical outcome...
January 19, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344705/-which-foot-deformities-should-be-radiologist-be-familiar-with
#3
REVIEW
E von Stillfried
Most deformities of the foot are visible at birth and can be diagnosed without imaging. They can be divided into congenital flexible, congenital structural and acquired foot deformities. The most common congenital flexible foot deformity in children is the metatarsus adductus, which usually requires no long-term therapy. Regarding congenital structural deformities, such as the clubfoot and talus verticalis, plaster therapy should be started during the first week of life, so that by the end of the first year of life and the beginning of the verticalization, a pain-free resilient foot with normal function is present...
January 17, 2018: Der Radiologe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332692/dead-weight-validation-of-mass-regression-equations-on-experimentally-burned-skeletal-remains-to-assess-skeleton-completeness
#4
D Gonçalves, J d'Oliveira Coelho, A Amarante, C Makhoul, I Oliveira-Santos, D Navega, E Cunha
In very fragmentary remains, the thorough inventory of skeletal elements is often impossible to accomplish. Mass has been used instead to assess the completeness of the skeleton. Two different mass-based methods of assessing skeleton completeness were tested on a sample of experimentally burned skeletons with the objective of determining which of them is more reliable. The first method was based on a simple comparison of the mass of each individual skeleton with previously published mass references. The second method was based on mass linear regressions from individual bones to estimate complete skeleton mass...
January 2018: Science & Justice: Journal of the Forensic Science Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329954/comparative-myology-of-the-ankle-of-leopardus-wiedii-and-l-geoffroyi-carnivora-felidae-functional-consistency-with-osteology-locomotor-habits-and-hunting-in-captivity
#5
Miriam M Morales, S Rocío Moyano, Agustina M Ortiz, Marcos D Ercoli, Luis I Aguado, Sergio A Cardozo, Norberto P Giannini
Leopardus wiedii (margay) is the only arboreal Neotropical felid able to climb head-first down trees, due to its ability to rotate its tarsal joint 180°. A closely related, similar-sized species, L. geoffroyi (Geoffroy's cat) exhibits more typical terrestrial habits and lacks the arboreal capabilities of L. wiedii. There is osteological evidence that supports a mechanical specialization of L. wiedii's tarsal joint for inversion, but there have been no studies on the myology of this specialization. Based on comparative gross-anatomy dissections of zeugo- and autopodial muscles related to the ankle joint of one margay specimen and two Geoffroýs cats, we identified myological specializations of L...
December 26, 2017: Zoology: Analysis of Complex Systems, ZACS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329174/symmetry-of-upper-eyelid-contour-after-unilateral-blepharoptosis-repair-with-a-single-strip-frontalis-suspension-technique
#6
Patricia Akaishi, Alicia Galindo-Ferreiro, Antonio A V Cruz
PURPOSE: To analyze the upper eyelid contour of patients with unilateral congenital ptosis who underwent single-strip frontalis suspension. METHODS: The authors compared the upper eyelid shape of the right and left eyes of 10 patients who underwent unilateral frontalis suspension with a single strip of autogenous fascia. At a mean postoperative time of 10.1 ± 4.01 months, the image J software was used to measure the ratio between the nasal and temporal areas of the upper half of the palpebral fissure...
January 10, 2018: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327069/-tarsal-tunnel-syndrome-after-hip-operation
#7
Marcus Schiltenwolf, Peter W Gaidzik
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 11, 2018: Der Orthopäde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317353/the-sensory-equipment-of-a-spider-a-morphological-survey-of-different-sensilla-types-in-both-sexes-of-argiope-bruennichi-araneae-araneidae
#8
Anne-Sarah Ganske, Gabriele Uhl
Spiders show a wide range of sensory capabilities as evidenced by behavioural observations. Accordingly, spiders possess diverse sensory structures like mechano-, hygro-, thermo- or chemoreceptive sensilla. As to chemoreceptive structures, only trichoid tip-pore sensilla were found so far that were tested for gustation. That spiders are also able to receive airborne signals is corroborated by numerous behavioural experiments but the responsible structures have not been determined yet. Here, we provide sensilla distribution maps of pedipalps and walking legs of both sexes of the wasp spider Argiope bruennichi whose biology and mating system is well explored...
January 6, 2018: Arthropod Structure & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313390/modified-treatment-of-distichiasis-with-direct-tarsal-strip-excision-without-mucosal-graft
#9
Assaf Rozenberg, Russell Pokroy, Paul Langer, Erez Tsumi, Morris Elias Hartstein
PURPOSE: To describe a new modified technique of direct tarsal excision for treatment of distichiasis. METHODS: Retrospective review of consecutive patients who underwent direct tarsal excision without grafting to treat distichiasis between December 2007 and November 2015. Gender, number of eyelids treated, follow-up time, and surgical outcome were recorded. The technique involved dividing the anterior and posterior lamella and excising a two mm tarsoconjunctival strip including the abnormal lash follicles, without suturing or mucosal graft...
January 9, 2018: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307741/a-case-of-posterior-tibial-nerve-injury-after-arthroscopic-calcaneoplasty
#10
Helene Retrouvey, Jeremy Silvanathan, Robert R Bleakney, Dimitri J Anastakis
We report the first case of distal posterior tibial nerve injury after arthroscopic calcaneoplasty. A 59-year-old male had undergone right arthroscopic calcaneoplasty to treat retrocalcaneal bursitis secondary to a Haglund's deformity. The patient complained of numbness in his right foot immediately after the procedure. Two years later and after numerous assessments and investigations, a lateral plantar nerve and medial calcaneal nerve lesion was diagnosed. In the operating room, the presence of an iatrogenic lesion to the distal right lateral plantar nerve (neuroma incontinuity involving 20% of the nerve) and the medial calcaneal nerve (complete avulsion) was confirmed...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306967/identification-of-tarsal-less-peptides-from-the-silkworm-bombyx-mori
#11
Guangli Cao, Yongchang Gong, Xiaolong Hu, Min Zhu, Zi Liang, Lixu Huang, Lei Yu, Jian Xu, Kun Li, Mian Sahib Zar, Renyu Xue, Chengliang Gong
The polycistronic and non-canonical gene tarsal-less (tal, known as pri) was reported to be required for embryonic and imaginal development in Drosophila; however, there are few reports of the tal gene in the silkworm Bombyx mori. Here, we cloned a tal-like (Bmtal) gene, and a sequence analysis showed that the Bmtal cDNA (1661 bp) contains five small open reading frames (smORFs) (A1, A2, A3, A4, and B) that encode short peptides of 11-12 (A1-A4) amino acid residues containing an LDPTG(E)L(Q)(V)Y motif that is conserved in Drosophila Tal, as well as a 32-amino-acid B peptide...
January 6, 2018: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297092/conjunctival-melanoma-association-of-cyclooxygenase-2-tumor-expression-to-prognosis
#12
Rita Pinto-Proença, Mariana Santos, Cristina Fonseca, Júlia Fernandes, Maria Filomena Gaspar, Rui Proença
PURPOSE: Conjunctival melanoma is a rare but potentially lethal tumor. Its biologic profile is still largely unknown, with recent studies aiming at establishing histopathological and genetic tumor profiles. The aim of this study was to analyze the association between clinicopathological characteristics and tumor expression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) to prognosis, assessing its usefulness as a possible prognostic marker. METHODS: Case series of 50 patients from 1991 to 2008 with pathologically proven conjunctival melanoma...
January 2, 2018: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282126/the-impact-of-a-single-round-of-community-mass-treatment-with-azithromycin-on-disease-severity-and-ocular-chlamydia-trachomatis-load-in-treatment-na%C3%A3-ve-trachoma-endemic-island-communities-in-west-africa
#13
Anna R Last, Sarah E Burr, Emma Harding-Esch, Eunice Cassama, Meno Nabicassa, Chrissy H Roberts, David C W Mabey, Martin J Holland, Robin L Bailey
BACKGROUND: Trachoma, a neglected tropical disease, is caused by ocular infection with Chlamydia trachomatis (Ct). The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends three annual rounds of community mass drug treatment with azithromycin (MDA) if the prevalence of follicular trachoma in 1-9 year olds (TF1-9) exceeds 10% at district level to achieve an elimination target of district-level TF1-9 below 5% after. To evaluate this strategy in treatment-naïve trachoma-endemic island communities in Guinea Bissau, we conducted a cross-sectional population-based trachoma survey on four islands...
December 28, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261632/primary-aspergillosis-of-the-sphenoid-sinus-observed-on-bone-spect-ct
#14
Seung Hyun Son, Shin Young Jeong, Sang-Woo Lee, Byeong-Cheol Ahn, Jaetae Lee
The bone SPECT/CT allows for precise anatomic delineation of bone activity, which can be valuable for diagnosis of nonmalignant bone diseases. We report an extremely rare case of sphenoid sinus aspergillosis, observed on bone SPECT/CT imaging, as an isolated disease in an immunocompetent individual. A 58-year-old woman with a history of plantar fasciitis was assessed for infection in the tarsal bones. Planar bone scan image revealed incidental focal lesion in skull base, which was considered to be the left sphenoid sinusitis by the bone SPECT/CT scan...
December 19, 2017: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260110/surgical-treatment-outcome-of-medically-refractory-huge-giant-papillary-conjunctivitis
#15
Yien Lai, Gangadhara Sundar, Manotosh Ray
Purpose: To compare the surgical outcome of excision of giant papillae with and without amniotic membrane in a patient with bilateral medically refractory giant papillary conjunctivitis (GPC). Observations: 27-year-old Chinese lady presented with bilateral itchy eyes, discomfort and fullness of upper lids for past two years. She was a long-term contact lens user but stopped completely 2 years ago. Not a known atopic, she had unusually large giant papillae involving both upper tarsal conjunctiva...
December 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251168/lateral-collapse-of-the-tarsal-navicular-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-implications-for-pes-planovarus-deformity
#16
Takumi Matsumoto, Yuji Maenohara, Song Ho Chang, Jun Hirose, Takuo Juji, Katsumi Ito, Sakae Tanaka
OBJECTIVES: In patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), the talonavicular joint is commonly involved and midfoot collapse can lead to progressive flattening of the arch. Despite a general awareness of the important structural role of the talonavicular joint in rheumatoid foot disease, details of its destructive pattern has not been elucidated. METHODS: We cross-sectionally investigated 176 RA patients (342 feet) and classified their feet into the following five groups according to radiographic findings: arthritis; (RA changes with normal navicular shape), Müller-Weiss Disease (MWD); (collapse of the lateral aspect of the tarsal navicular), flat; (flattened navicular), ankylosis; (ankylosis of the talonavicular joint), and normal...
December 18, 2017: Modern Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245747/-i-zanna-i-i-robusticephalica-i-sp-nov-hemiptera-fulgoromorpha-fulgoridae-from-china-with-comments-on-some-ultrastructural-characters-of-the-new-species
#17
Ai-Ping Liang
Zanna robusticephalica sp. nov. (Hemiptera: Fulgoromorpha: Fulgoridae: Zanninae: Zannini), representing the third species of the planthopper genus Zanna Kirkaldy, 1902 from China, is described and illustrated from Yunnan in southwestern China. Scanning electron micrographs of the antennal sensilla, rostral apex, hind tarsal segments, gonoplac and wax glands of the new species are provided. The generic diagnostic characters of Zanna are redefined and the autapomorphies are proposed to support the monophyly of the genus...
October 24, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245733/-i-foranotum-perforatum-i-gen-et-sp-nov-a-new-troglobitic-darkling-beetle-coleoptera-tenebrionidae-kuhitangiinae-foranotini-trib-nov-from-a-cave-in-southern-zagros-iran
#18
Maxim Nabozhenko, Saber Sadeghi
The troglobitic darkling beetle Foranotum perforatum gen. et sp. nov. from a cave in Southern Zagros Mountains (Iran) is described. This new taxon belongs to the family Tenebrionidae based on the following combination of characters: tarsal formula 5-5-4, antennal insertions concealed from above, antennae 11-segmented, mesocoxal cavities laterally closed by meso- and metaventrite. It is close to Kuhitangia kryzhanovskii Medvedev, 1962 by sharing a similar structure of procoxa (open cavities), labrum (reduced tormal arms) and prothorax (perforating holes on lateral sides of disc)...
October 24, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245678/-i-tricorythodes-i-i-tragoedia-i-sp-nov-ephemeroptera-leptohyphidae-a-new-species-from-rio-doce-and-surrounding-areas-southeastern-brazil
#19
Paula Malaquias Souto, Kamila Batista Angeli, Frederico Falcão Salles
A new species of Tricorythodes Ulmer (Ephemeroptera: Leptohyphidae) is described and illustrated based on nymphs and adults from the Doce River and surrounding areas in southeastern Brazil. Tricorythodes tragoedia sp. nov. is related to T. arequita Traver, T. mirca Molineri and T. sallesi Dias, Cabette & De Sousa, but its nymphs can be distinguished from these species by having a three-segmented maxillary palp with apical seta and one pair of submarginal denticles on the tarsal claws. Nymphs were collected from small to large rivers at altitudes of less than 100 m where they inhabit submersed substrates in areas with slow current...
November 1, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244597/relationship-between-repository-radiographic-findings-and-subsequent-performance-of-quarter-horses-competing-in-cutting-events
#20
Myra F Barrett, C Wayne McIlwraith, Erin K Contino, Richard D Park, Christopher E Kawcak, David D Frisbie, James R zumBrunnen
OBJECTIVE To investigate potential associations between repository radiographic findings and subsequent performance of Quarter Horses competing in cutting events. DESIGN Retrospective cohort study. SAMPLE Repository radiographs (ie, radiographs obtained at the time of sale) for 343 client-owned horses. PROCEDURES Repository radiographic findings were compared with objective measures of performance, including the likelihood of competing; the likelihood of earning money as a 3-year-old, as a 4-year-old, and as a 3- and 4-year-old combined; and the amount of money earned as a 3-year-old, as a 4-year-old, and as a 3- and 4-year-old combined...
January 1, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
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