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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30551265/a-survey-of-us-early-childhood-caries-programs-findings-and-recommendations
#1
Marcie S Rubin, Natali Nunez, Jessica D Quick, Burton L Edelstein
OBJECTIVES: To identify and characterize US early childhood caries (ECC) programs. METHODS: A 39 question online survey was fielded to 245 ECC programs identified from the literature and peer programs. The 101 respondents (41 percent response rate) reported their program's geographic reach, type, areas of focus, target populations, approaches, affiliations, providers, goals, costs, and funding. RESULTS: Half of the programs affiliate with formal early childhood social service or nutrition programs...
December 14, 2018: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30551264/percutaneous-endoscopic-gastrostomy-in-older-patients-with-and-without-dementia-survival-and-ethical-considerations
#2
Rozemarijn Lidewij van Bruchem-Visser, Francesco Umberto Salvatore Mattace-Raso, Inez Duconia de Beaufort, Ernst Johan Kuipers
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Notwithstanding multiple recommendations in guidelines, percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG)-tube placement is still performed in patients with dementia. In this study we aim to investigate survival in patients with and without dementia after (PEG)-tube placement. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective multicenter study in four different hospitals in The Netherlands. Furthermore, we explored the ethical considerations that may play a role in the decision whether or not to insert a PEG tube in a patient with dementia...
December 14, 2018: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30551249/-failure-prevention-and-management-of-complications-after-proximal-femoral-fractures
#3
Tim Klopfer, Philipp Hemmann, Anna Schreiner, Fabian Stuby, Ulrich Stöckle, Christian Bahrs
BACKGROUND: Proximal femoral fractures belong to the most common fractures, especially of the elderly. There is a high load of cases and most of them have to be treated surgically. With 20% and above, the rate of complications is very high. On the one hand these are due to limited biological healing competence as well as to surgical pitfalls. METHODS: Based on the literature and our own clinical experience we want to demonstrate a standard surgical treatment of proximal femoral fractures, draw attention to the most frequent complications and provide an overview of salvage procedures...
December 2018: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30551247/-acetabular-revision-reconstruction-of-cavitary-and-segmental-defects-with-special-consideration-of-modular-highly-porous-acetabular-revision-systems
#4
Tobias Freitag, Martin Faschingbauer, Bernd Lutz, Ralf Bieger, Heiko Reichel
Due to the increasing number of primary hip arthroplasty procedures, revision surgery will be an increasing challenge. The surgeon is frequently confronted with important acetabular defects. Careful preoperative planning is essential to achieve functional and long-term success. Treatment options include porous hemispheric cups, porous metal augments, oblong cups, cemented implants, rings, allografts, patient specific implants and component combinations. In addition to large hemispherical cups, modular porous metal revision systems are increasingly being used to treat severe acetabular bone loss...
December 2018: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30551229/inhaled-epoprostenol-for-pulmonary-hypertension-treatment-in-neonates-a-12-year-experience
#5
Frédérique Berger-Caron, Bruno Piedboeuf, Geneviève Morissette, David Simonyan, Philippe Chétaille, Annie Pellerin, Audrey Hébert
BACKGROUND:  Persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN) occurs in 10% of neonatal respiratory insufficiency. To selectively reduce pulmonary vascular resistance, several treatments have been tried. Inhaled epoprostenol (iPGI2 ) has been used for 12 years in our institution for the management of refractory PPHN despite the gaps in the literature to support this use. OBJECTIVES:  The primary objective was to evaluate the efficacy of iPGI2 for PPHN...
December 14, 2018: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30551213/menthol-cigarettes-tobacco-dependence-and-smoking-persistence-the-need-to-examine-enhanced-cognitive-functioning-as-a-neuropsychological-mechanism
#6
Nancy C Jao, Marcia M Tan, Phoenix A Matthews, Melissa A Simon, Robert Schnoll, Brian Hitsman
Introduction: Despite the overall decline in the prevalence of cigarette use in the United States, menthol cigarette use among smokers is rising, and evidence shows that it may lead to more detrimental effects on public health than regular cigarette use. One of the mechanisms by which nicotine sustains tobacco use and dependence is due to its cognitive enhancing properties, and basic science literature suggests that menthol may also enhance nicotine's acute effect on cognition. Aims and Methods: The purpose of this review is to suggest that the cognitive enhancing effects of menthol may be a potentially important neuropsychological mechanism that has yet to be examined...
December 14, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30551187/clipping-of-basilar-perforator-pure-arterial-malformation-aneurysm-2-dimensional-operative-video
#7
Stephan A Munich, Marie Christine Brunet, Robert M Starke, Jacques J Morcos
Pure arterial malformations are rarely-encountered intracranial lesions, often mistaken for arteriovenous malformations. A minority of these lesions may harbor associated aneurysms. In a recent series of 12 patients with pure arterial malformations, 3 patients had associated aneurysms.1 As the authors describe, the presentation and natural history of pure arterial malformations generally are considered benign. In over 85% of cases reported in the literature, they are discovered incidentally and in cases with documented follow-up the angio-architecture tends to remain stable...
December 14, 2018: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30551183/two-extraordinary-sellar-neuronal-tumors-literature-review-and-comparison-of-clinicopathologic-features
#8
Char Loo Tan, Yin Huei Pang, Keith Hsiu Chin Lim, Lwin Sein, Patrick J Codd, Roger E McLendon
Objectives: The list of tumors involving the pituitary gland has been expanded to include a variety of neuronal and paraneuronal tumors in the 2017 World Health Organization tumor classification of endocrine organs. All the entities included in this category are distinctly rare, with limited case reports in the literature. Methods: We illustrate two extraordinary sellar tumors with neuronal differentiation: a sellar paraganglioma and a sellar neurocytoma, with thorough literature review and comparison of the clinicopathologic features of these entities...
December 14, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30551169/expostats-a-bayesian-toolkit-to-aid-the-interpretation-of-occupational-exposure-measurements
#9
Jérôme Lavoué, Lawrence Joseph, Peter Knott, Hugh Davies, France Labrèche, Frédéric Clerc, Gautier Mater, Tracy Kirkham
Introduction: Interpretation of exposure measurements has evolved into a framework based on the lognormal distribution. Most available practical tools are based on traditional frequentist statistical procedures that do not satisfactorily account for censored data and are not amenable to simple probabilistic risk statements. Bayesian methods offer promising solutions to these challenges. Such methods have been proposed in the literature but are not widely and freely available to practitioners...
December 14, 2018: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30551155/in-the-literature
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2019: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30551146/the-acute-impact-of-hatha-yoga-on-craving-among-smokers-attempting-to-reduce-or-quit
#11
Emily R Jeffries, Michael J Zvolensky, Julia D Buckner
Introduction: Despite negative effects of smoking, smokers have difficulty quitting, suggesting a need for additional strategies to help them quit. A single-session hatha yoga intervention acutely reduced craving among nicotine-deprived smokers not attempting to reduce or quit, yet it is unknown if it reduces craving among those attempting to change their smoking. Thus, the current study tested the efficacy of a single-session hatha yoga intervention for acutely reducing craving among smokers attempting to reduce or quit smoking...
December 14, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30551105/transport-of-platinum-based-pharmaceuticals-in-water-saturated-sand-and-natural-soil-carboplatin-and-cisplatin-species
#12
Natalia Goykhman, Ishai Dror, Brian Berkowitz
This study reports the transport characteristics of the pharmaceutical compounds carboplatin and cisplatin, and their respective derivatives, in saturated sand and soil columns. Pharmaceuticals are recognized as emerging pollutants of soil and water resources, but studies of the transport characteristics of organometallic pharmaceuticals in soil-water environments are rare. A recent study of oxaliplatin transport in natural soil raises the question of whether or not its behavior is representative of all Pt-based pharmaceuticals behavior in soil-water systems...
December 4, 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30551081/pre-treatment-patient-characteristics-as-predictors-of-drop-out-and-treatment-outcome-in-individual-and-family-therapy-for-adolescents-and-adults-with-anorexia-nervosa-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Eva C Gregertsen, William Mandy, Natalie Kanakam, Stephanie Armstrong, Lucy Serpell
Understanding variables predicting drop-out or unfavourable outcome following treatment for anorexia nervosa (AN) may help to improve upon intervention efforts. However, the current literature has demonstrated sparse and inconsistent significant findings. The current systematic review and meta-analysis summarised the evidence base examining baseline predictors of drop-out and outcome in AN treatment. A literature search was conducted to identify research investigating predictors of drop-out and outcome in individuals treated for AN...
December 2, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30551061/a-tick-beat-in-the-electrocardiogram-persistent-third-degree-block-as-only-manifestation-of-lyme-disease
#14
Raúl Alberto Jiménez-Castillo, Edgar Francisco Carrizales-Sepúlveda, Raymundo Vera-Pineda, José Luis Herrera-Elizondo, Alexis García-Sarreón, Alan Ledif Reyes-Mondragón, Elizabeth Mercado-Domínguez, Luis Javier Marfil-Rivera
Lyme disease is the most common tick-borne illness in North America. A 23-year-old female presented to our emergency department with a chief complaint of sudden dyspnea and chest pain. An electrocardiogram revealed a third degree heart block. She was a resident of the Northeast region of Mexico and referred a recent travel to an endemic area for Borrelia burgdorferi in the center of Mexico in the past weeks. Lyme carditis was diagnosed after enzyme linked immunosorbent assay for IgM antibodies against B. burgdorferi was reported positive and corroborated by a confirmatory immunoblot analysis...
December 6, 2018: Journal of Electrocardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30551049/effects-of-heel-height-and-high-heel-experience-on-foot-stability-during-quiet-standing
#15
Frances K W Wan, Kit-Lun Yick, Winnie W M Yu
BACKGROUND: The use of high-heeled shoes (HHS) introduces instability into the wearer's balance system but how high-heel experience might influence standing balance is less examined in literature. RESEARCH QUESTION: (1) Does foot stability decrease in both the antero-posterior (AP) and medial-lateral (ML) directions with increasing heel height during quiet standing? (2) Does high-heel experience improve the wearer's foot stability during quiet standing in high-heeled conditions? METHODS: Twenty-four young females (12 regular and 12 non-regular HHS wearers) were recruited to perform quiet standing while wearing shoes with heel heights of 1 cm, 5 cm, 8 cm and 10 cm...
December 5, 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30551021/attentional-bias-modification-reduces-clinical-depression-and-enhances-attention-toward-happiness
#16
Qin Dai, Lidan Hu, Zhengzhi Feng
Difficulty in clinical antidepressant treatment leads to the pursuit of alternative treatments, such as cognitive-behavior therapy (CBT). CBT combined with regular antidepressants have indicated an optimal therapeutic effect in clinic. Attentional bias is important in the occurrence and remission of depression, however, few studies have explored the effect of attentional bias modification (ABM) on depression, and inconsistent results have been obtained due to the heterogeneity in the targeted populations, training tasks, strategies, and materials...
December 1, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30551003/lacking-evidence-for-the-association-between-frequent-urine-drug-screening-and-health-outcomes-of-persons-on-opioid-agonist-therapy
#17
Jasmine McEachern, Lauren Adye-White, Kelsey C Priest, Eloise Moss, Lauren Gorfinkel, Evan Wood, Walter Cullen, Jan Klimas
BACKGROUND: Opioid agonist therapy (OAT) is a first-line treatment for opioid use disorder (OUD); however, the efficacy and role of urine drug screening (UDS) in OAT has received little research attention. Prior evidence suggests that UDS frequency reflects philosophy and practice context rather than differences in patient characteristics or clinical need. Therefore, we reviewed the literature on the effect of and recommendations for the frequency of UDS on health outcomes for persons with OUD who receive OAT...
December 11, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30550915/linking-biodiversity-to-ecosystem-services-supply-patterns-across-aquatic-ecosystems
#18
Heliana Teixeira, Ana I Lillebø, Fiona Culhane, Leonie Robinson, Daniel Trauner, Florian Borgwardt, Mathias Kummerlen, Ana Barbosa, Hugh McDonald, Andrea Funk, Tim O'Higgins, Jan Tjalling Van der Wal, Gerjan Piet, Thomas Hein, Juan Arévalo-Torres, Alejandro Iglesias-Campos, Julian Barbière, António J A Nogueira
Global initiatives have been increasingly focusing on mainstreaming the values of biodiversity and ecosystem services into decision-making at all levels. Due to the accelerated rate at which biodiversity is declining and its consequences for the functioning of ecosystems and subsequently, the services they provide, there is need to develop comprehensive assessments of the services and the benefits nature delivers to society. Based on expert evaluation, we identified relevant flow linkages in the supply-side of the socio-ecological system, i...
December 3, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30550858/the-uncertain-brain-a-co-ordinate-based-meta-analysis-of-the-neural-signatures-supporting-uncertainty-during-different-contexts
#19
REVIEW
Jayne Morriss, Martin Gell, Carien M van Reekum
Uncertainty is often inevitable in everyday life and can be both stressful and exciting. Given its relevance to psychopathology and wellbeing, recent research has begun to address the brain basis of uncertainty. In the current review we examined whether there are discrete and shared neural signatures for different uncertain contexts. From the literature we identified three broad categories of uncertainty currently empirically studied using functional MRI (fMRI): basic threat and reward uncertainty, decision-making under uncertainty, and associative learning under uncertainty...
December 11, 2018: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30550832/a-scoping-review-to-map-empirical-evidence-regarding-key-domains-and-questions-in-the-clinical-pathway-of-delirium-in-palliative-care
#20
Peter G Lawlor, Nicole A Rutkowski, Alistair R MacDonald, Mohammed T Ansari, Lindsey Sikora, Franco Momoli, Salmaan Kanji, David K Wright, Erin Rosenberg, Annmarie Hosie, Jose L Pereira, David Meagher, Jill Rice, John Scott, Shirley H Bush
CONTEXT: Based on the clinical care pathway of delirium in palliative care (PC), a published analytic framework (AF) formulated research questions in key domains and recommended a scoping review to identify evidence gaps. OBJECTIVES: To produce a literature map for key domains of the published AF: screening; prognosis and diagnosis; management and the health-related outcomes. METHODS: A standard scoping review framework was used by an interdisciplinary study team of nurse and physician delirium researchers, an information specialist and review methodologists to conduct the review...
December 11, 2018: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
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