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Lütfü Hanoglu, Elmir Khanmammadov, Sema Demirci, Ümmühan Altin, Dursun Kirbas, Taha Hanoglu, Burak Yulug
Background and purpose: Anterior cerebral infarct (ACA) infarcts are reported very rare that is due to the compensatory collateral circulation provided by the anterior communicating artery. There are very few studies reporting the long-term follow-up results of ACA infarcts regarding their aetiology, clinical features and prognosis. Most studies reported in the literature vary between several months to one year. Methods: A total of 27 patients with ACA infarcts were registered (14 women and 13 men)...
September 30, 2018: Ideggyógyászati Szemle
Péter Rajna, János Tajti
Two leading managers of the scientific journal currently publishing its 71st volume give an overview on the history and content- and form-related development of the journal. Recognizing the constantly decreasing role of paper-based literature products, the value system and the priorities of the journal were established more than 20 years ago: 1) preservation of high standards by achieving and maintaining international registration and annual qualification (i.e. impact factor); 2) enabling publication in Hungarian language for scientists living in Hungary and abroad; 3) displaying an ever broader spectrum of clinical neurosciences in the publications; 4) presentation of cutting-edge findings (related to the etiology, diagnostics, therapy, and care) of the most frequent and most relevant diseases in order to assure and enhance the quality of national clinical practice; 5) providing the possibility for the highest possible standard of scientific publication for Hungarian clinical neuroscientist; and finally 6) maintaining a readily available interaction surface and debate forum for the involved professionals in clinical questions of public interest...
September 30, 2018: Ideggyógyászati Szemle
Nguefack C Tchente, G Brichant, M Nisolle
Asherman's syndrome (AS) is a partial or complete obliteration of the uterine cavity after intrauterine trauma. Approximately 90 % of severe AS cases occur after abortion curettage or postpartum curettage. Clinical signs and symptoms are abnormalities of the cycle (hypomenorrhoea or amenorrhoea) and fertility disorders. We have reviewed the recent literature on AS following the description of a typical clinical case. The management of AS is not easy. It must be done by experienced surgeons. Realization of several surgeries is sometimes mandatory, with the use of anti-adhesive devices between interventions...
October 2018: Revue Médicale de Liège
H Boboli, F Boemer, M Mastouri, M C Seghaye
Cystic fibrosis has in Belgium a prevalence of 1/2.850 births, with a median age at diagnosis of 7 months according to the latest data from the Belgian registry of 2015. In our country, the diagnosis of cystic fibrosis is always based on signs and symptoms of the disease. However, because the scientific literature has largely demonstrated the benefits of neonatal screening for cystic fibrosis, it will be implemented in Belgium before the end of 2019. The screening programme should be framed by strict quality criteria in order to obtain the best performance with the least possible inconvenience...
October 2018: Revue Médicale de Liège
Ana Helena Perea, Diego Rosselli
Introduction. Breast reconstruction, either immediate or delayed, is part of the treatment of breast cancer. Each country and health system pays for and evaluates these procedures in different ways. Thus, it is important to determine which strategy is most cost-effective in Colombia. Objective: To evaluate the cost-utility of breast cancer treatment with immediate reconstruction compared with delayed reconstruction. Materials and methods: We used a decision tree model and a one-year time horizon from the perspective of the third-party payer; the cost data were taken from the Colombian Instituto de Seguros Sociales 2001 rate manual plus a 30% adjustment according to the methodology of the Instituto de Evaluación Tecnológica en Salud, IETS, and the billing model of the Centro Javeriano de Oncología at the Hospital Universitario San Ignacio...
September 1, 2018: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
Luz Yaqueline Ladino, Johanna Galvis, Diana Yasnó, Adriana Ramírez, Orietta Ivonne Beltrán
The Bardet-Biedl syndrome is an autosomal recessive hereditary disorder with vast locus heterogeneity that belongs to the so-called ciliopathies, whose proteins are localized in the primary cilia and present functional deficiency. The multisystemic features of the disease include ocular, renal, cognitive, skeletal, as well as gonadal involvement and obesity, among others, with high inter- and intrafamilial variability. We describe the clinical case of an adolescent male patient with Bardet-Biedl syndrome, including the approach, the results from a 22-gene sequencing panel, and the analysis of updated scientific literature...
September 1, 2018: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
María Alejandra Montoya-Giraldo, Dayana Vanessa Montoya, David Alexander Atehortúa, Jefferson Antonio Buendía, Andrés Felipe Zuluaga
Salbutamol is a β2 adrenergic agonist widely prescribed in patients with obstructive and restrictive lung diseases. The main side effects associated with its use are tachycardia and tremor. Myoclonus is an involuntary, irregular, abrupt, brief and sudden muscular contraction, which can be generalized, focal or multifocal. We report the case of a 61-year-old patient presenting with myoclonus difficult to treat who showed improvement only after the definitive discontinuation of the β2 adrenergic agonist. We describe the clinical findings, the interventions, and the outcomes related to the onset of myoclonus secondary to the use of salbutamol, as well as the possible genesis and importance of this adverse effect...
September 1, 2018: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
Nhora Silva, Natalia Calvache, Elizabeth Arrieta, Juan Carlos Bravo, Camilo Salazar, Joaquín Rosales, Francisco Jaramillo, Juan Guillermo Restrepo
The small lymphocytic lymphoma is a mature B cell neoplasm with a broad spectrum of clinical presentations. Opportunistic infections that are not related to the treatment, even in advanced stages, have a low incidence rate. There are few case reports in the medical literature of patients who have not received immunosuppressive therapy and present with small lymphocytic lymphoma associated with disseminated histoplasmosis at diagnosis. A female 82-year-old patient was admitted due to an intermittent dry cough, asthenia, and adynamia that had persisted for one month...
September 1, 2018: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
Saida R Sharapova, Elyse Phillips, Karen Sirocco, Jennifer W Kaminski, Rebecca T Leeb, Italia Rolle
BACKGROUND: Normalisation of medicinal and recreational marijuana use has increased the importance of fully understanding effects of marijuana use on individual-and population-level health, including prenatal exposure effects on child development. We undertook a systematic review of the literature to examine the long-term effects of prenatal marijuana exposure on neuropsychological function in children aged 1-11 years. METHODS: Primary research publications were searched from Medline, Embase, PsychInfo, CINAHL EbscoHost, Cochrane Library, Global Health and ERIC (1980-2018)...
October 18, 2018: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
Xiang Hu, Wen Chen, Jing Li, Shulan Huang, Xuling Xu, Xuan Zhang, Shuanglin Xiang, Changning Liu
There is emerging evidence showing that lncRNAs can be involved in various critical biological processes. Zebrafish is a fully developed model system being used in a variety of basic research and biomedical studies. Hence, it is an ideal model organism to study the functions and mechanisms of lncRNAs. Here, we constructed ZFLNC-a comprehensive database of zebrafish lncRNA that is dedicated to providing a zebrafish-based platform for deep exploration of zebrafish lncRNAs and their mammalian counterparts to the relevant academic communities...
January 1, 2018: Database: the Journal of Biological Databases and Curation
Yonghyun Nam, Jong Ho Jhee, Junhee Cho, Ji-Hyun Lee, Hyunjung Shin
Motivation: Immune diseases have a strong genetic component with Mendelian patterns of inheritance. While the tight association has been a major understanding in the underlying pathophysiology for the category of immune diseases, the common features of these diseases remain unclear. Based on the potential commonality among immune genes, we design Gene Ranker for key gene identification. Methods: Gene Ranker is a network-based gene scoring algorithm that initially constructs a backbone network based on protein interactions...
October 18, 2018: Bioinformatics
O D Ostroumova, M S Cherniaeva
This article presents a review of Russian and foreign literature about the impact of arterial hypertension (AH) on the risk of cognitive impairment and dementia. Large studies have demonstrated the effect of blood pressure (BP) on the risk of vascular dementia and Alzheimer's disease (AD) in elderly and oldest old people as well as a role of antihypertensive therapy. There is evidence of a negative effect of hypertension in middle age on cognitive functions in late-life. Observational studies as a whole have shown the positive effect of antihypertensive therapy on the prevention of cognitive function and dementia...
2018: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
S A Demura, E A Kogan, V L Goryachkina
The review of the literature deals with the participation of Clara cells now called club cells (CCs) of the epithelium in the respiratory and terminal bronchioles in the pathogenesis and morphogenesis of chronic inflammatory diseases, precancer, and cancer of the lung, which develop in the respiratory segments. The review summarizes data on the histophysiology of CCs and their participation in the pathogenesis and morphogenesis of chronic interstitial lung diseases, pneumoconiosis, chronic obstructive diseases, adenomatosis, and adenocarcinoma of the lung...
2018: Arkhiv Patologii
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Ning Zhao, Qian Li, Jing Cui, Zhiyong Yang, Tao Peng
BACKGROUND: To explore the safety and efficacy of several special approaches of drainage for deep inaccessible intraabdominal and pelvic abscesses. METHODS: By searching of our institutional database, the clinical and radiologic information of all patients with special approaches of abscesses drainage was collected, consisting of etiology, diameter of abscess, duration of drainage, major complications, rates of success, failure and death, and pre-procedure, intra-procedure and post-procedure computed tomography scans...
October 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Minghui Shen, Ya Gao, Xueni Ma, Bo Wang, Jiarui Wu, Jiancheng Wang, Jipin Li, Jinhui Tian, Junhai Jia
BACKGROUND: Endometriosis is a major cause of disability and compromised the quality of life in women and teenage girls. The gold standard for diagnosis of endometriosis is laparoscopy with histology of excised endometriosis lesions. However, women can suffer for 8 to 12 years before obtaining a correct diagnosis. Several biomarkers showed good diagnostic value for endometriosis, but no studies directly or indirectly compare the diagnostic value of different biomarkers. We perform this network meta-analysis (NMA) to assess the diagnostic accuracy of hormonal biomarkers, and to find a most effective hormonal biomarker for the diagnosis of endometriosis...
October 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Jae-Hyun Kim
After the implementation of a policy differentiating inpatient nursing fees, no study is found in the nursing literature for intensive care unit (ICU) patients admitted with cardiovascular (CV) disease exclusively in Korea. This study investigates the relationship between ICU nurse staffing and 30-day mortality using large representative claim database.National Health Insurance Service-Senior (NHIS-Senior) claim database from 2002 to 2013, which was released by the Korean National Health Insurance Service (KNHIS), was used in this study...
October 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Weipeng Sun, Minying Li, Tong Lin, Zhizhong Sun, Yizi Xie, Shuliang Ji, Jietao Lin, Lin Wang, Chao Jia, Liang Zheng, Wei Wu, Danghan Xu
BACKGROUND: Vascular dementia (VD) is a commonly-seen disease in the elderly. What is more, "Acupuncture at 3-points for intelligence" is one of the most important components of "Jin's three-needle therapy" created by Rui Jin, a professor of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, which can be used in the VD patients. In this article, researchers will assess the clinical efficacy and safety of acupuncture at 3-points for intelligence in the treatment of VD. METHODS: A systematic literature search for articles up to September 2018 will be conducted using 9 databases: PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase, CNKI, CBM, VIP, Wanfang database, OASIS, and CiNii...
October 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Peng Cai, Yan Peng, Yan Wang, Xukai Wang
BACKGROUND: White-coat hypertension (WCH) is a debatable risk factor of cardio-cerebrovascular diseases and the current study results on the association between WCH and arterial stiffness are inconsistent. The aim was to investigate the effect of WCH on arterial stiffness using meta-analysis. METHODS: Based on prespecified search strategies and inclusion criteria, Medline, Embase, Web Of Science, Cochrane Library, and BioSciences Information Service Preview databases were reviewed...
October 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Juan Wu, Haixia Zeng, Rui Xuan, Shuihong Lei, Jing Li, Xiaoyang Lai, Jianping Liu
RATIONALE: Cataracts can occur in children and adolescents with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus who have poorly controlled glycemia. Here, we report a case of a 16-year-old female, who was diagnosed with bilateral cataracts, and genetic screening identified a mutation in the PRRC2A gene which is rarely reported. After surgery, retinopathy was found in this patient, combined with the published literature, we encourage that postoperative monitoring for retinal lesions during the follow-up visits should be conducted...
October 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
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