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Erin S LeBlanc, Carrie D Patnode, Elizabeth M Webber, Nadia Redmond, Megan Rushkin, Elizabeth A O'Connor
Importance: Overweight and obesity have been associated with adverse health effects. Objective: To systematically review evidence on benefits and harms of behavioral and pharmacotherapy weight loss and weight loss maintenance interventions in adults to inform the US Preventive Services Task Force. Data Sources: MEDLINE, PubMed Publisher-Supplied Records, PsycINFO, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials for studies published through June 6, 2017; ClinicalTrials...
September 18, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Daniel Lam Cham Kee, Jocelyn Gal, Alexander T Falk, Renaud Schiappa, Marie-Eve Chand, Mathieu Gautier, Jérôme Doyen, Jean-Michel Hannoun-Levi
BACKGROUND: Brachytherapy boost after external beam radiotherapy for intermediate and high-risk prostate cancer is presented as an attractive technique in numerous retrospective and prospective studies. Currently, three randomized controlled trials comparing brachytherapy versus external beam radiotherapy boost used non-homogenous irradiation features. Therefore, we analyzed the oncological outcomes by a systematic review with meta-analysis of the randomized controlled trials. METHODS: We performed a systematic literature review of MEDLINE and COCHRANE databases up to 30/04/10 and we considered all published randomized controlled trials comparing brachytherapy versus external beam radiotherapy boost for intermediate and high-risk prostate cancer according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-analysis (PRISMA) statement...
October 11, 2018: Cancer Treatment Reviews
Abdullah Al-Ani, Derek Toms, Douglas Kondro, Jarin Thundathil, Yang Yu, Mark Ungrin
Mammalian cell culture is foundational to biomedical research, and the reproducibility of research findings across the sciences is drawing increasing attention. While many components contribute to reproducibility, the reporting of factors that impact oxygen delivery in the general biomedical literature has the potential for both significant impact, and immediate improvement. The relationship between the oxygen consumption rate of cells and the diffusive delivery of oxygen through the overlying medium layer means parameters such as medium depth and cell type can cause significant differences in oxygenation for cultures nominally maintained under the same conditions...
2018: PloS One
William Y Raynor, Abdullah Al-Zaghal, Thomas J Werner, Poul F Høilund-Carlsen, Abass Alavi
Primary prostatic calculi commonly present asymptomatically in men over the age of 50 years. Individual calculi form when the secretory tube is blocked by inflammation, prostatic secretions, or corpora amylacea. Although small prostatic calculi have been described as a component of normal aging, increased prevalence of calculi has been associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia and prostatitis. We are presenting prostatic calcification in a 69-year-old man as incidentally detected on F-NaF PET/CT. Although previous publications have reported F-NaF uptake portraying calcification in soft tissue, these findings demonstrate a new domain in which to assess calcium metabolism using F-NaF PET/CT...
October 15, 2018: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
Shana M Zucker, Blair M Barton, Edward D McCoul
Objective Rhinitis medicamentosa (RM) is a common condition resulting from overuse of topical nasal decongestants. Despite the prevalence in otolaryngologic practice, a clear treatment protocol has not been established. Our objective was to review the current published literature pertaining to the treatment of RM with the possibility of finding data that support one treatment over another. Data Sources PubMed, Embase, Cochrane, and Web of Science databases were examined for patients diagnosed with RM resulting from chronic use of topical nasal decongestants...
October 16, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Jacob Hill, Coleman Mills, Quefeng Li, Jennifer S Smith
The use of traditional, complementary, and alternative medicine (TCAM) for cancer may influence the delivery or effectiveness of conventional cancer treatment. In this systematic review, we aimed to (1) summarise the available prevalence data on traditional medicine use by cancer patients in less developed countries (LDCs), and (2) stratify the prevalence data by world region and country income level. A literature search for cancer, TCAM, and low income (LI) and lower-middle income (LMI) countries was conducted across 5 databases...
October 16, 2018: Global Public Health
M A Brondani, A R Siqueira
INTRODUCTION: The lack of proper denture hygiene may cause denture stomatitis and be detrimental to older adults' health. The cleaning of complete dentures should be quick, efficient, and easy to perform, although it might not guarantee disinfection. The use of a microwave oven has been suggested for aiding in the disinfection of complete dentures, but lacks a gold standard protocol. OBJECTIVES: To critically review the literature on protocols for complete denture disinfection using conventional microwave ovens...
October 16, 2018: Community Dental Health
Jason M Ali, Kate Wallwork, Narain Moorjani
A best evidence topic in cardiac surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was: Do patients who require return to theatre (RTT) for bleeding have inferior outcomes following cardiac surgery? Altogether, 598 papers were found using the reported search, of which 8 represented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. The authors, journal, date and country of publication, patient group studied, study type, relevant outcomes and results of these papers are tabulated...
October 15, 2018: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
Anastasia Levinta, Ilya Mukovozov, Christopher Tsoutsoulas
We performed a systematic review of the literature to determine whether adherence to a gluten-free diet (GFD) leads to improved outcomes for patients with schizophrenia. We searched the AMED (Allied and Complementary Medicine; 1985-June 2016), MEDLINE (1946-June 2016), and Embase (1980-2016 week 24) databases using the terms "wheat" or "glutenin" or "gliadin" or "gluten" AND "schizophrenia." A total of 9 studies met the inclusion criteria for this review: 1 randomized controlled trial, 7 crossover studies, and 1 open-label pilot study...
October 15, 2018: Advances in Nutrition
Maarten Milders
OBJECTIVE: To present an overview of studies that investigated associations between social cognition functions (social cue perception, empathy, understanding intentions) and social behaviour or social outcome following traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHODS: The literature search was conducted in the Medline, PsycInfo, Cochrane Library and Web of Science databases. Main criteria for selection were that the participants were adult persons with TBI, social cognition as well as social behaviour or social outcome post-TBI was assessed and correlations between social cognition and social behaviour or outcome were reported...
October 16, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
T Vanbrabant, M Fassnacht, G Assle, O M Dekkers
OBJECTIVE: Adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) is a malignancy with a poor prognosis. Many publications in ACC report on risk factors for a poor outcome; one risk factor studied is hormonal hypersecretion (cortisol, sex-hormones, steroid precursors or aldosterone). The aim of this systematic review was to study the association between hormonal secretion and recurrence or mortality in ACC. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. We searched PubMed, EMBASE and The Cochrane library (January 2018) for cohort studies examining the association between hormonal secretion on overall or recurrence-free survival in ACC...
October 1, 2018: European Journal of Endocrinology
Andy Wai Kan Yeung, Natalie Sui Miu Wong, Yiu Yan Leung
AIM: The aim of the present bibliometric study was to analyze the citations received by coronectomy papers and their references. METHODS: Data were extracted from the Web of Science online database. After excluding irrelevant papers, full record and cited references from 79 papers were downloaded and imported into VOSviewer and CRExplorer for bibliometric analyses. RESULTS: The 79 papers on coronectomy collectively had 9.7 citations per paper...
October 15, 2018: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
Waseem Akbar, Anilkumar Gowda, Jeffrey E Ahrens, Jason W Stelzer, Robert S Brown, Scott L Bollman, John T Greenplate, Jeffrey Gore, Angus L Catchot, Gus Lorenz, Scott D Stewart, David L Kerns, Jeremy K Greene, Michael D Toews, David A Herbert, Dominic D Reisig, Gregory A Sword, Peter C Ellsworth, Larry D Godfrey, Thomas L Clark
BACKGROUND: Plant bugs (Lygus spp.) and thrips (Thrips spp.) are two of the most economically important insect pest groups impacting cotton production in the USA today, but are not controlled by current transgenic cotton varieties. Thus, seed or foliar-applied chemical insecticides are typically required to protect cotton from these pest groups. Currently, these pests are resistant to several insecticides, resulting in fewer options for economically viable management. Previous publications documented the efficacy of transgenic cotton event MON 88702 against plant bugs and thrips in limited laboratory and field studies...
October 16, 2018: Pest Management Science
John T Machin, John Hardman, William Harrison, Timothy W R Briggs, Mike Hutton
Unfortunately, the first author name was incorrectly published in the original publication. The complete correct name is given as below.
October 15, 2018: European Spine Journal
P Sileri, M Shalaby
Unfortunately, the 2nd affiliation of Dr. M. Shalaby has been missed out in the original publication. The complete 2nd affiliation of the same is given below.
October 15, 2018: Techniques in Coloproctology
M Shalaby, P Polisca, G Missori, P Sileri
Unfortunately, the 2nd affiliation of Shalaby has been missed out in the original publication.
October 15, 2018: Techniques in Coloproctology
Mary Waterhouse, Bronwyn Hope, Lutz Krause, Mark Morrison, Melinda M Protani, Martha Zakrzewski, Rachel E Neale
PURPOSE: Variation in the human microbiome has been linked with a variety of physiological functions, including immune regulation and metabolism and biosynthesis of vitamins, hormones, and neurotransmitters. Evidence for extraskeletal effects of vitamin D has been accruing and it has been suggested that the effect of vitamin D on health is partially mediated through the microbiome. We aimed to critically evaluate the evidence linking vitamin D and the gastrointestinal microbiome. METHODS: We systematically searched the Embase, Web of Science, PubMed and CINAHL databases, including peer-reviewed publications that reported an association between a measure of vitamin D and the gastrointestinal microbiome in humans or experimental animals...
October 15, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Eldrin Bhanat, Christian A Koch, Rinkuben Parmar, Vishnu Garla, Vani Vijayakumar
In-111 pentetreotide (Octreoscan) is a radiolabeled somatostatin analog with high binding affinity to somatostatin receptors (SSTR) used in somatostatin receptor scintigraphy (SRS). Pentetreotide labelled with In-111 is widely used due to its high affinity to SSTR 2 and 5. SSTR are expressed on neuroendocrine cells as well as several non-neural and non-endocrine cells with varying levels of density. We retrospectively reviewed articles and publications related to octreoscan accumulation in sites that classically do not have high concentrations of SSTR as well as in organs and tissues from diseases which are not usually diagnosed by octreoscan...
October 15, 2018: Reviews in Endocrine & Metabolic Disorders
Akira Ohara, Tatsuro Furui, Chikako Shimizu, Seiichiro Ozono, Kazuhito Yamamoto, Akira Kawai, Ryohei Tatara, Akiko Higuchi, Keizo Horibe
In the original publication, Tables 4 and 5 have not been published in a readable format. The corrected clear version is given in this Correction.
October 15, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
Shi-Min Yuan
Aortic aneurysm and dissection are rare complications of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The incidence, etiology, risk factors, and outcomes of this entity were largely unknown.The study materials were based on the publications of aortic aneurysm or dissection due to SLE published between 2000 and 2017.A total of 36 articles reporting a single case or case series involving 40 patients were collected. The patients showed an absolute female dominance at a mean aneurysm age of 44.6 years. Steroid use was 13...
October 15, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
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