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Secondary traumatic stress

Cédric Gil-Jardiné, Samantha Al Joboory, Juliane Tortes Saint Jammes, Guillaume Durand, Régis Ribéreau-Gayon, Michel Galinski, Louis-Rachid Salmi, Philippe Revel, Cyril Alexandre Régis, Guillaume Valdenaire, Emmanuel Poulet, Karim Tazarourte, Emmanuel Lagarde
BACKGROUND: Recent data suggest that 10-20% of injury patients will suffer for several months after the event from diverse symptoms, generally referred to as post-concussion-like symptoms (PCLS), which will lead to a decline in quality of life. A preliminary randomized control trial suggested that this condition may be induced by the stress experienced during the event or emergency room (ER) stay and can be prevented in up to 75% of patients with a single, early, short eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) psychotherapeutic session delivered in the ER...
October 12, 2018: Trials
Masanori Nagamine, Jun Shigemura, Toshimichi Fujiwara, Fumiko Waki, Masaaki Tanichi, Taku Saito, Hiroyuki Toda, Aihide Yoshino, Kunio Shimizu
BACKGROUND: Disaster workers suffer from psychological distress not only through the direct experience of traumatic situations but also through the indirect process of aiding disaster victims. This distress, called secondary traumatic stress, is linked to dispositional empathy, which is the tendency for individuals to imagine and experience the feelings and experiences of others. However, the association between secondary traumatic stress and dispositional empathy remains understudied...
October 11, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
Josefin Sjömark, Thomas Parling, Maria Jonsson, Margareta Larsson, Agneta Skoog Svanberg
BACKGROUND: About one-third of women report their childbirth as traumatic and up to 10% have severe traumatic stress responses to birth. The prevalence of Posttraumatic stress disorder following childbirth (PTSD FC) is estimated to 3%. Women with PTSD FC report the same symptoms as other patients with PTSD following other types of trauma. The effect of psychological treatment for women with PTSD FC has only been studied in a few trials. Similarly, studies on treatment needs for women not diagnosed as having PTSD FC but who nevertheless face psychological problems are lacking...
October 1, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Adam L Crane, Kevin R Bairos-Novak, Laurel H Sacco, Maud C O Ferrari
Social learning is an important mechanism for acquiring knowledge about environmental risk. However, little work has explored the learning of safety and how such learning outcomes are shaped by the social environment. Here, we exposed minnows, Pimephales promelas , to a high-risk environment to induce behavioural responses associated with fear (e.g. neophobia). We then used the presence of calm conspecific models (low-risk individuals) to weaken these responses. When observers (individuals from the high-risk environment) and models were paired consistently in a one-on-one setting, the observers showed no recovery (i...
October 3, 2018: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
L Hefez, K Zaghbib, E Sbidian, L Valeyrie-Allanore, M Allain, T A Duong, A Colin, F Bellivier, H Romano, N de Prost, K Chazelas, O Chosidow, P Wolkenstein, S Ingen-Housz-Oro
BACKGROUND: Epidermal necrolysis is a rare and severe adverse cutaneous reaction to drugs with long-term somatic consequences and potentially underrecognized psychological complications. OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence and risk factors of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) in a population of adults undergoing psychiatric evaluation. METHODS: In this prospective study, we included adult patients admitted at the acute phase of SJS/TEN to our dermatology department from June 2009 to February 2013...
October 3, 2018: British Journal of Dermatology
Sara Bybee
Vicarious posttraumatic growth is a term used to describe the positive benefits from working with trauma patients who themselves have experienced a highly stressful or traumatic event and resultant growth. Research on vicarious posttraumatic growth remains in its initial stages and findings are inconsistent, leading to the need for additional research. A literature review was performed to ascertain the methodologies guiding research on vicarious posttraumatic growth and identify gaps in knowledge. This study found that 71% of research studies examined used survey instruments to measure vicarious posttraumatic growth and 87% of these studies utilized the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory (α = 0...
October 3, 2018: Journal of Social Work in End-of-life & Palliative Care
Mercilene T Machisa, Nicola Christofides, Rachel Jewkes
BACKGROUND: Women's experiences of intimate partner violence (IPV) increase their risk for mental ill health. However, some women exposed to IPV and adversity are psychologically resilient and function well despite these exposures. OBJECTIVES: We conducted a study to investigate the factors that are associated with psychological resilience among abused women, using data collected in a household survey conducted in Gauteng province of South Africa. METHODS: Data is from a cross-sectional study...
2018: Global Health Action
Nicola J Reavley, Amy J Morgan, Julie-Anne Fischer, Betty Kitchener, Nataly Bovopoulos, Anthony F Jorm
BACKGROUND: The aim of the WorkplaceAid study was to compare the effects of eLearning or blended (eLearning plus face-to-face course delivery) Mental Health First Aid (MHFA) courses on public servants' knowledge, stigmatising attitudes, confidence in providing support and intentions to provide support to a person with depression or post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was carried out with 608 Australian public servants. Participants were randomly assigned to complete an eLearning MHFA course, a blended MHFA course or Red Cross eLearning Provide First Aid (PFA) (the control)...
September 26, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
Peter Barr
OBJECTIVE: To explore the relationships of core self-evaluations of personality (self-esteem, generalized self-efficacy, emotional stability, and internal locus of control), the five-factor model personality traits (neuroticism, agreeableness, extraversion, conscientiousness, and openness), and positive and negative affect with neonatal nurses' professional quality of life (burnout, secondary traumatic stress, and compassion satisfaction). DESIGN: Cross-sectional cohort study...
September 22, 2018: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
Misari Oe, Tetsuya Ishida, Céline Favrod, Chantal Martin-Soelch, Antje Horsch
The aim of this study was to explore cross-cultural differences in symptoms of burnout, anxiety, depression, general psychological distress, and secondary traumatic stress between Asian (Japan) and European (Switzerland) midwives. One hundred seventy midwives participated in the study. There were significant differences in age group [χ2 (3) = 24.2, p < 0.01], marital or relationship status [χ2 (2) = 28.4, p < 0.01], and years of experience [χ2 (2) = 17.8, p < 0.01] between the two countries. The Japanese staff were younger, more often unmarried, and had less experience than the Swiss staff...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Caroline Cummings, Jonathan Singer, Ryan Hisaka, Lorraine T Benuto
Helping professionals play an essential role in the recovery of victims of trauma. However, research has demonstrated that, as a result of their work, helping professionals' indirect exposure to clients' trauma increases the likelihood of experiencing negative psychological responses, including vicarious trauma (VT), secondary traumatic stress (STS), and burnout. The present study examined the concurrent validity between the STS subscale on the Professional Quality of Life (ProQoL) scale and the Secondary Traumatic Stress Scale (STSS)...
September 18, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Tara E Galovski, Zoe D Peterson, Annie Fox-Galalis
Longitudinal research following discreet traumatic events reveals distinct symptom trajectories in untreated survivors of trauma. Trajectories within communities exposed to shared, prolonged violence involving subgroups differing in perspectives, and roles during the event have not been studied. This study examined trajectories of posttraumatic stress (PTS) and depressive symptoms secondary to exposure to violence during civil unrest in citizens (n = 311) and law enforcement (n = 255) over 1.5 years following exposure...
September 17, 2018: American Journal of Community Psychology
Marian Rikkert, Yanda van Rood, Carlijn de Roos, Julia Ratter, Marcel van den Hout
Background: While normal tinnitus is a short-term sensation of limited duration, in 10-15% of the general population it develops into a chronic condition. For 3-6% it seriously interferes with many aspects of life. Objective: The aim of this trial was to assess effectiveness of a trauma-focused approach, eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR), in reducing tinnitus distress. Methods: The sample consisted of 35 adults with high levels of chronic tinnitus distress from five general hospitals in the Netherlands...
2018: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Shin Yuh Ang, David Hemsworth, Thendral Uthaman, Tracy Carol Ayre, Siti Zubaidah Mordiffi, Emily Ang, Violeta Lopez
BACKGROUND: Building resilience among nurses is one of the ways to support and retain nurses in the profession. Prior literature which evaluated influence of resilience on psychological outcomes, were conducted in relatively homogeneous populations. It is of interest to evaluate whether relationships between resilience and psychological outcomes remain consistent across nations and among different nursing populations. AIM: To evaluate a theoretical model of the impact of resilience on burnout (BO), secondary traumatic stress (STS) and compassion satisfaction (CS) by comparing results between nurses in Canada and Singapore...
October 2018: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
Rosemary Frey, Jackie Robinson, Clariss Wong, Merryn Gott
BACKGROUND: Ageing populations worldwide and a concomitant increase in chronic conditions translates into an increased demand for the delivery of palliative and end of life care by nurses. This increasing demand for palliative care provision may produce stressors resulting in negative outcomes such as burnout and compassion fatigue. AIM: The purpose of this study was to explore burnout and compassion fatigue, as well as potential protective factors, among nurses in New Zealand...
October 2018: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
Shane W Adams, Rosemarie M Bowler, Katherine Russell, Robert M Brackbill, Jiehui Li, James E Cone
OBJECTIVE: Following the World Trade Center (WTC) terrorist attack in New York City, prevalence rates of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression remain elevated. Although social support and self-efficacy have been associated with PTSD, little is known about their differential effect on PTSD and depressive comorbidity. METHOD: WTC tower survivors ( n = 1,304) were assessed at Wave 1 (2003-2004), Wave 2 (2006-2007), Wave 3 (2011-2012), and Wave 4 (2015-2016)...
September 13, 2018: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
Vera Inácio, Madalena T Martins, José Graça, Leonor Morais-Cecílio
Plants are subjected to adverse conditions being outer protective tissues fundamental to their survival. Tree stems are enveloped by a periderm made of cork cells, resulting from the activity of the meristem phellogen. DNA methylation and histone modifications have important roles in the regulation of plant cell differentiation. However, studies on its involvement in cork differentiation are scarce despite periderm importance. Cork oak periderm development was used as a model to study the formation and differentiation of secondary protective tissues, and their behavior after traumatic wounding (traumatic periderm)...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
Blair Wendlandt, Agathe Ceppe, Summer Choudhury, Judith E Nelson, Christopher E Cox, Laura C Hanson, Marion Danis, James A Tulsky, Shannon S Carson
RATIONALE: Chronically critically ill patients are often dependent on family members for surrogate decision-making, and these surrogates are at high risk for emotional distress. We hypothesized that patient- and surrogate-specific risk factors for surrogate post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms can be identified early in the course of chronic critical illness. OBJECTIVES: To identify risk factors for PTSD symptoms in surrogate decision-makers of chronically critically ill patients...
September 10, 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
Céline Favrod, Lauranne Jan du Chêne, Chantal Martin Soelch, Susan Garthus-Niegel, Jean-Francois Tolsa, Francois Legault, Virginie Briet, Antje Horsch
Hospital midwives and neonatal intensive care (NICU) nurses frequently encounter work-related stressors and are therefore vulnerable to developing mental health problems, such as secondary traumatic stress, burnout, anxiety, and depression. However, so far, the exact nature of these work-related stressors (traumatic vs. non-traumatic stressors) has not been investigated. This concurrent triangulation mixed methods cross-sectional study aimed to compare mental health symptoms in hospital midwives and NICU nurses, and to identify and compare work-related traumatic and non-traumatic stressors for both professional groups...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
David J Grelotti, Margaret E Gerbasi, Eddy Eustache, J Reginald Fils-Aimé, Tatiana Thérosmé, Jennifer Severe, Giuseppe J Raviola, Sarah Darghouth, Rupinder Legha, Ermaze L Pierre, Emmeline Affricot, Yoldie Alcindor, Katherine Boyd, Anne E Becker, Mary C Smith Fawzi
The association between earthquakes and youth post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been well described, but little is known about the relationship between other stressful life events (SLEs) and PTSD among earthquake-affected youth. This study examines a variety of SLEs, including earthquake, and their association with PTSD among school-going Haitian youth following a major earthquake in 2010. In 2013, we assessed 120 students ages 18-22 for PTSD and other SLEs using a modified Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID)-based interview and the Stressful Life Events Checklist (SLE Checklist)...
August 18, 2018: Psychiatry Research
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