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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650759/evaluation-of-plantar-pressure-distribution-in-relationship-to-body-mass-index-in-czech-women-during-walking
#1
Kristína Tománková, Miroslava Přidalová, Zdenek Svoboda, Roman Cuberek
BACKGROUND: Excessive body weight seems to be a risk factor for foot loading. We sought to investigate the effect of different body mass index (BMI) levels on plantar pressure distribution during walking. METHODS: In total, 163 women aged 45 to 65 years (mean ± SD: age, 57.4 ± 5.3 years; BMI, 27.0 ± 5.3) participated in the study. The women were divided, on the basis of BMI, into a normal-weight, overweight, or obese group. The study used the four following plantar pressure parameters (PPPs): contact percentage, absolute pressure impulse, relative pressure impulse, and absolute peak pressure, which were recorded in ten foot regions using a pressure measurement system...
May 2017: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650757/management-considerations-for-a-retained-plantar-knife-injury
#2
Devon Rayasa, Garrett Sessions, Maciej Witkos
A 13-year-old girl presented to the emergency department in stable condition with a retained penetrating knife wound injury in her right foot. Routine radiographs taken of the foot revealed deep tissue penetration by the knife without frank bony involvement. It was decided to remove the object in the operating room. Simple removal was performed, followed by wound exploration. The patient was admitted to the hospital for one night of observation and then was discharged without further complications.
May 2017: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650749/comparative-effectiveness-of-radial-extracorporeal-shockwave-therapy-and-ultrasound-guided-local-corticosteroid-injection-treatment-for-plantar-fasciitis
#3
Sehriban Hocaoglu, Umit Erkan Vurdem, Mehtap Aykac Cebicci, Serap Tomruk Sutbeyaz, Zuhal Guldeste, Serap Gurek Yunsuroglu
BACKGROUND: We compared the long-term clinical and ultrasonographic effects of radial extracorporeal shockwave therapy (rESWT) versus ultrasound-guided corticosteroid injection treatment in patients with plantar fasciitis unresponsive to conservative therapy. METHODS: Seventy-two patients with unilateral plantar fasciitis were randomized to receive either rESWT (three times once per week) (n = 36) or corticosteroid treatment (a single 1-mL dose of betamethasone sodium plus 0...
May 2017: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648685/proteomic-profiling-of-pachyonychia-congenita-plantar-callus
#4
Robert H Rice, Blythe P Durbin-Johnson, Michelle Salemi, Mary E Schwartz, David M Rocke, Brett S Phinney
Callus samples from the ball and the arch of the foot, collected on tape circles, were compared by shotgun proteomic profiling. Pachyonychia congenita subjects were sampled who exhibited a mutation in KRT6A, KRT6B, KRT6C, KRT16 or KRT17, and the proteins were digested and analyzed by tandem mass spectrometry. In comparison with samples from unaffected control subjects, those from subjects with KRT6A or KRT16 mutations displayed the most differences in profile from normal, while those from subjects with KRT6C or KRT17 mutations showed few differences from normal...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647902/ultrasonography-assessment-of-heel-entheses-in-patients-with-spondyloarthritis-a-comparative-study-with-magnetic-resonance-imaging-and-conventional-radiography
#5
Rodrigo Aguila Maldonado, Santiago Ruta, María Laura Valuntas, Mercedes García
The aim of the present study was to determine the agreement between ultrasonography (US), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and conventional radiography (CR) in the detection of findings indicative of enthesopathy in spondyloarthritis (SpA) patients. A cross-sectional study was performed in 40 SpA patients. Heel entheses (Achilles tendon and plantar fascia) were bilaterally examined by US, MRI, and CR. The three imaging modalities were carried out by three independent operators blinded to the other imaging modality data...
June 25, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647629/histological-analysis-of-a-new-route-after-subintimal-crural-angioplasty
#6
Daijirou Akamatsu, Fumiyoshi Fujisima, Hitoshi Goto, Munetaka Hashimoto, Ken Tsuchida, Keiichirou Kawamura, Yuta Tajima, Michihisa Umetsu, Syunya Suzuki, Takashi Kamei
BACKGROUND: Subintimal angioplasty is an alternative approach in treating critical limb ischemia with crural artery disease. However, route or location of the newly created channel is not understood. CASE PRESENTATION: A 68-year-old man was referred to our hospital with ischemic gangrene of the right big toe. We performed endovascular treatment because he was a poor candidate for bypass surgery. The posterior tibial artery was treated using subintimal angioplasty, though it resulted in early occlusion...
June 21, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647204/return-to-competition-after-an-achilles-tendon-rupture-using-both-on-and-off-the-field-load-monitoring-as-guidance-a-case-report-of-a-top-level-soccer-player
#7
Maurizio Fanchini, Franco M Impellizzeri, Karin Grävare Silbernagel, Franco Combi, Franco Benazzo, Mario Bizzini
OBJECTIVES: To describe the Return to competition after Achilles Tendon rupture (ATR) in an elite soccer player. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Return to sport (RTS) of a professional soccer player who suffered an ATR during a match. The RTS phase started 15 weeks after surgery and specific on-field activities were gradually introduced. Criteria used to monitor the transition through the different phases were strength and endurance of the calf muscle and ability to sustain specific on-field training loads (TL) monitored with Global Positioning System and heart-rate system...
April 29, 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647034/muscle-strength-and-control-characteristics-are-altered-by-peripheral-artery-disease
#8
Molly N Schieber, Ryan M Hasenkamp, Iraklis I Pipinos, Jason M Johanning, Nicholas Stergiou, Holly K DeSpiegelaere, Jung H Chien, Sara A Myers
OBJECTIVE: Peripheral artery disease (PAD), a common manifestation of atherosclerosis, is characterized by lower leg ischemia and myopathy in association with leg dysfunction. Patients with PAD have impaired gait from the first step they take with consistent defects in the movement around the ankle joint, especially in plantar flexion. Our goal was to develop muscle strength profiles to better understand the problems in motor control responsible for the walking impairment in patients with PAD...
July 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646841/effect-of-extracorporeal-shock-wave-therapy-on-lower-limb-spasticity-in-stroke-patients
#9
Parisa Taheri, Babak Vahdatpour, Maryam Mellat, Fereshteh Ashtari, Mojtaba Akbari
BACKGROUND: This study aims to evaluate the effect of extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) on lower limb spasticity in stroke patients. METHODS: Twenty-eight eligible patients with ankle plantar flexor spasticity were randomly assigned to two groups. ESWT group received 1 session per week for 3 weeks of ESWT along with oral anti-spastic medications and stretching exercises. The control group received only oral anti-spastic medications and stretching exercises similar to ESWT group...
June 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646591/morphological-characteristics-and-hpv-genotype-predict-the-treatment-response-in-cutaneous-warts
#10
G K Hogendoorn, S C Bruggink, M N C de Koning, J A H Eekhof, K E Hermans, R Rissmann, J Burggraaf, R Wolterbeek, K D Quint, S T P Kouwenhoven, J N B Bavinck
BACKGROUND: Cutaneous warts have a cure rate after therapy of no more than approximately 50%. Recently, we developed and validated a standard assessment tool for warts (CWARTS) based on phenotypical characteristics. OBJECTIVES: To assess whether patient and morphological wart characteristics predict the HPV type in the specific wart and whether these characteristics as well as the HPV type predict a favourable treatment response. METHODS: Photographs were used to score 9 morphological wart characteristics using the newly developed CWARTS tool...
June 24, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646446/innovations-in-the-endovascular-management-of-critical-limb-ischemia-retrograde-tibiopedal-access-and-advanced-percutaneous-techniques
#11
REVIEW
Jihad A Mustapha, Larry J Diaz-Sandoval, Fadi Saab
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Retrograde tibiopedal access and interventions have contributed to advance of endovascular techniques to treat critical limb ischemia (CLI) patients. This review encompasses the spectrum from advanced diagnostic imaging and technical therapeutic approaches for infrapopliteal occlusions, to a discussion of current standards and future directions. RECENT FINDINGS: Contemporary studies of infrapopliteal angioplasty show suboptimal short-term and 1-year clinical outcomes...
August 2017: Current Cardiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646319/presence-of-enthesopathy-in-patients-with-primary-sjogren-s-syndrome-ultrasonographic-study-of-a-local-cohort
#12
Sinem Sag, Mustafa Serdar Sag, Ibrahim Tekeoglu, Ayhan Kamanlı, Kemal Nas
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal findings in Sjögren's syndrome are arthralgia, arthritis, myalgia, myositis, fibromyalgia, and chronic fatigue. Enthesis zones are important in the formation of pain in the musculoskeletal system. Musculoskeletal ultrasound (US) may show subclinical enthesitis in the synovial joints and in the axial skeleton before joint swelling in inflammatory diseases characterized by arthritis. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we aimed to determine the presence of enthesopathy using the Madrid sonographic enthesitis index (MASEI) in patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome (PSS)...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Medical Ultrasonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641320/transcutaneous-oximetry-measurements-of-the-leg-comparing-different-measuring-equipment-and-establishing-values-in-healthy-young-adults
#13
Tobias P Trinks, Denise F Blake, Derelle A Young, Ken Thistlethwaite, Venkat N Vangaveti
INTRODUCTION: Transcutaneous oximetry measurement (TCOM) is a non-invasive method of determining oxygen tension at the skin level using heated electrodes. AIM: To compare TCOM values generated by different machines and to establish lower limb TCOM values in a cohort of healthy individuals younger than 40 years of age. METHOD: Sixteen healthy, non-smoking volunteers aged 18 to 39 years were recruited. TCOM was obtained at six locations on the lower leg and foot using three different Radiometer machines...
June 2017: Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine: the Journal of the South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640016/h2o2-induces-muscle-nociception-via-transient-receptor-potential-ankyrin-1-receptors
#14
Daisuke Sugiyama, Sinyoung Kang, Nicholas Arpey, Preeyaphan Arunakul, Yuriy M Usachev, Timothy J Brennan
BACKGROUND: H2O2 has a variety of actions in skin wounds but has been rarely studied in deep muscle tissue. Based on response to the transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 antagonists after plantar incision, we hypothesized that H2O2 exerts nociceptive effects via the transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 in muscle. METHODS: Nociceptive behaviors in rats (n = 269) and mice (n = 16) were evaluated after various concentrations and volumes of H2O2 were injected into the gastrocnemius muscle or subcutaneous tissue...
June 21, 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640007/evaluation-of-pulse-height-control-for-rapid-isometric-contractions-in-college-sprinters
#15
Seiji Ono, Atsushi Itaya, Tatsuya Hayami, Keigo Ohyama-Byun, Tomohiro Kizuka
The ability of rapid force development is one of the important factors for improving physical performance. It has been known that rapid isometric force is controlled by a central motor program to maintain the rise time relatively constant independent of force amplitude (pulse height control). The advantage of using pulse height control is that it increases the rate of force with force amplitude. However, this strategy is believed to be applicable up to about 50-60% of maximal voluntary contractions (MVC). When the force level increases further, individuals often switch to pulse width control to increase the time to peak force...
June 21, 2017: Neuroreport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639910/apatinib-for-metastatic-breast-cancer-in-non-clinical-trial-setting-satisfying-efficacy-regardless-of-previous-anti-angiogenic-treatment
#16
Ying Lin, Zheng Wu, Jian Zhang, Xichun Hu, Zhonghua Wang, Biyun Wang, Jun Cao, Leiping Wang
Apatinib is a novel tyrosine kinase inhibitor targeting vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of apatinib in metastatic breast cancer (MBC) under non-clinical trial setting, and to study the impact of previous antiangiogenic treatment to the efficacy of apatinib. 52 MBC patients treated with apatinib under non-clinical trial setting in Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center between January 1st 2015 and October 1st 2016 were included. All patients were included in time-to-treatment failure (TTF) analysis, while 45 patients were enrolled for progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) analysis because 7 of the patients with treatment discontinuation due to intolerable toxicities had too short time for efficacy assessment...
June 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638699/plantar-exteroceptive-inefficiency-causes-an-asynergic-use-of%C3%A2-plantar-and-visual-afferents-for-postural-control-best-means-of-remediation
#17
Arnaud Foisy, Zoï Kapoula
INTRODUCTION: Some subjects have difficulty to integrate both visual and plantar inputs, showing at the same time a "postural blindness" and a Plantar Exteroceptive Inefficiency (PEI). The former corresponds to a better stability eyes closed (EC) than eyes open (EO), while the latter is defined as a better stability on foam than on firm ground. Clinical studies reported that a manipulation of either plantar or visual input could affect the weight of both cues in postural control, suggesting interdependence in their use...
June 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638013/-surgical-treatment-of-diabetic-neuroosteoarthropathy-dnoap-and-its-long-term-results
#18
V M Bensman, Yu P Savchenko, S E Gumenyuk, K G Triandafilov, P P Vasil'chenko, S N Pyatakov, V V Khoritonenko
AIM: To develop pathogenetically justified surgical treatment of diabetic neuroosteoarthropathy (DNOAP). MATERIAL AND METHODS: 52 patients were operated and long-term results were studied in 36 of them. 2 groups were assessed depending on completeness of surgical treatment including changed synovial structures removal. Tarso-metatarsal arthrodesis was created after synovectomy in median foot to restore longitudinal arch. Cruro-calcaneal neoarthrosis was performed after elimination of posterior focus of DNOAP...
2017: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637356/-footsnap-a-new-mobile-application-for-standardizing-diabetic-foot-images
#19
Moi Hoon Yap, Katie E Chatwin, Choon-Ching Ng, Caroline A Abbott, Frank L Bowling, Satyan Rajbhandari, Andrew J M Boulton, Neil D Reeves
BACKGROUND: We describe the development of a new mobile app called "FootSnap," to standardize photographs of diabetic feet and test its reliability on different occasions and between different operators. METHODS: FootSnap was developed by a multidisciplinary team for use with the iPad. The plantar surface of 30 diabetic feet and 30 nondiabetic control feet were imaged using FootSnap on two separate occasions by two different operators. Reproducibility of foot images was determined using the Jaccard similarity index (JSI)...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636840/influence-of-sex-on-performance-fatigability-of-the-plantar-flexors-following-repeated-maximal-dynamic-shortening-contractions
#20
Amelia C Lanning, Geoffrey Alonzo Power, Anita D Christie, Brian H Dalton
The purpose was to determine sex-differences in fatigability during maximal, unconstrained velocity, shortening plantar flexions. The role of time-dependent measures (i.e., rate of torque development (RTD), rate of velocity development (RVD), rate of neuromuscular activation) in such sex-related differences was also examined. By task termination, females exhibited less reductions in power and similar changes in rate of neuromuscular activation than males, indicating females were less fatigable than males.
June 21, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
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