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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30110508/canadians-vulnerable-to-workplace-noise
#1
Pamela L Ramage-Morin, Marc Gosselin
BACKGROUND: Health and safety legislation is designed to protect workers from hazards, including excessive noise. However, some workers are not required to use hearing protection when exposed to loud noise and may be vulnerable to adverse outcomes, including hearing difficulties and tinnitus. DATA AND METHODS: Data for 19- to 79-year-olds (n=6,571) were collected from 2012 through 2015 as part of the Canadian Health Measures Survey. People exposed to loud workplace noise were defined as those who had to raise their voices to communicate at arm's length...
August 15, 2018: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30095031/building-a-grounded-theory-of-engagement-in-mindfulness-based-group-therapy-for-distressing-voices
#2
Ciaran McHale, Mark Hayward, Fergal W Jones
Mindfulness-based group therapy shows promise as a treatment for distressing voice hearing. However, fostering engagement in groups can be challenging, and no theory of engagement in group therapy for distressing voices exists to guide practice or research. This study employed Grounded Theory Method to build a theory of engagement in mindfulness-based groups for distressing voices. Ten service-users and three therapists were interviewed about their experiences of such groups. The model that emerged involves a recursive process of investing in change and continually evaluating its usefulness and safety...
August 10, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30075667/improving-competing-voices-segregation-for-hearing-impaired-listeners-using-a-low-latency-deep-neural-network-algorithm
#3
Lars Bramsløw, Gaurav Naithani, Atefeh Hafez, Tom Barker, Niels Henrik Pontoppidan, Tuomas Virtanen
Hearing aid users are challenged in listening situations with noise and especially speech-on-speech situations with two or more competing voices. Specifically, the task of attending to and segregating two competing voices is particularly hard, unlike for normal-hearing listeners, as shown in a small sub-experiment. In the main experiment, the competing voices benefit of a deep neural network (DNN) based stream segregation enhancement algorithm was tested on hearing-impaired listeners. A mixture of two voices was separated using a DNN and presented to the two ears as individual streams and tested for word score...
July 2018: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30075641/recognition-of-spanish-consonants-in-8-talker-babble-by-children-with-cochlear-implants-and-by-children-and-adults-with-normal-hearing
#4
Ignacio Moreno-Torres, Sonia Madrid-Cánovas
This paper presents the results of closed-set recognition task for 80 Spanish consonant-vowel sounds in 8-talker babble. Three groups of subjects participated in the study: a group of children using cochlear implants (CIs; age range: 7-13), an age-matched group of children with normal hearing (NH), and a group of adults with NH. The speech-to-noise ratios at which the participants recognized 33% of the target consonants were +7.8 dB, -3 dB, and -6 dB, respectively. In order to clarify the qualitative differences between the groups, groups were matched for the percentage of recognized syllables...
July 2018: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30074504/voice-emotion-recognition-by-children-with-mild-to-moderate-hearing-loss
#5
Shauntelle A Cannon, Monita Chatterjee
OBJECTIVES: Emotional communication is important in children's social development. Previous studies have shown deficits in voice emotion recognition by children with moderate-to-severe hearing loss or with cochlear implants. Little, however, is known about emotion recognition in children with mild-to-moderate hearing loss. The objective of this study was to compare voice emotion recognition by children with mild-to-moderate hearing loss relative to their peers with normal hearing, under conditions in which the emotional prosody was either more or less exaggerated (child-directed or adult-directed speech, respectively)...
August 1, 2018: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30055981/acoustic-analysis-of-crying-signal-in-infants-with-disabling-hearing-impairment
#6
Saeid Mahmoudian, Nasim Aminrasouli, Zohreh Ziatabar Ahmadi, Thomas Lenarz, Mohammad Farhadi
OBJECTIVE: Crying is a multimodal, dynamic behavior and the first way to communicate. Early identification of hearing impairment is critical for prevention of speech and language disorders. The present study aimed to assess the acoustic features of infant's cry signals to find possible differences between two groups including hearing-impaired (HI) infants and normal hearing (NH) control. METHODS: The data were collected from 34 (17 HI, 17 NH) infants under 2 months of age...
July 25, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30037789/judge-voices-concern-over-paediatrician-s-62-day-fitness-to-practise-hearing
#7
Clare Dyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 23, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30036432/stapes-surgery-in-patients-with-a-small-air-bone-gap
#8
Jeremy Lavy, Fiona McClenaghan
The objective of this study was to determine hearing outcomes in patients undergoing stapes surgery with a preoperative air-bone gap (ABG) <21.25 dB. Patients with a unilateral or bilateral preoperative ABG <21.25 dB undergoing primary stapes surgery were identified from a database of all stapes surgeries performed in a tertiary center over 15 years. A total of 254 ears met the inclusion criteria. The primary outcome measure was the degree of closure of the preoperative ABG. A secondary outcome measure was improvement in bone-conduction thresholds at 4 kHz...
July 2018: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30016778/the-effects-of-pitch-gender-and-prosodic-context-on-the-identification-of-creaky-voice
#9
Lisa Davidson
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Creaky voice in American English plays both a prosodic role, as a phrase-final marker, and a sociolinguistic one, but it is unclear how accurately naïve listeners can identify creak, and what factors facilitate or hinder ist identification. METHODS: In this study, American listeners are presented with 2 experiments containing stimuli from both high- and low-pitched male and female speakers. Other manipulations include whether the auditory stimulus is a full sentence or a sentence fragment, and whether it is completely modally voiced, completely creaky, or partially creaky (final 40-50% of the utterance)...
July 18, 2018: Phonetica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30005317/the-influence-of-clear-speech-on-auditory-perceptual-judgments-of-electrolaryngeal-speech
#10
Steven R Cox, Philip C Doyle
PURPOSE: To determine the influence of clear speech on auditory-perceptual judgments of speech acceptability and listener comfort for electrolaryngeal speech. METHOD: Voice recordings were obtained from 10 electrolaryngeal speakers. Each speaker read the Rainbow Passage in two conditions: habitual speech and clear speech. Speakers were encouraged to speak as clearly as possible and over-articulate in the clear speech condition. Auditory-perceptual rating tasks were completed by 20 normal-hearing adults who evaluated 20 randomized voice recordings...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30003029/abnormal-dynamic-functional-connectivity-between-speech-and-auditory-areas-in-schizophrenia-patients-with-auditory-hallucinations
#11
Wenjing Zhang, Siyi Li, Xiuli Wang, Yao Gong, Li Yao, Yuan Xiao, Jieke Liu, Sarah K Keedy, Qiyong Gong, John A Sweeney, Su Lui
Purpose: Auditory hallucinations (AH), typically hearing voices, are a core symptom in schizophrenia. They may result from deficits in dynamic functional connectivity (FC) between cortical regions supporting speech production and language perception that interfere with the ability to recognize self-generated speech as not coming from external sources. We tested this hypothesis by investigating dynamic connectivity between the frontal cortex region related to language production and the temporal cortex region related to auditory processing...
2018: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29991482/lessons-from-frankenstein-narrative-myth-as-ethical-model
#12
Yvette Koepke
As Frankenstein's 200th anniversary nears, its use as a shorthand for ethical critique only increases. This article argues, though, that its lessons inhere in its unique structure, which enacts an interpretive process that models the multiplicity and uncertainty constitutive of ethical decision-making. Frankenstein deliberately functions as a modern myth, rewriting classical and Christian mythology to challenge the straightforward moral lessons often ascribed to the text. Complex portrayals of the creature and of Victor Frankenstein in the context of contemporary science make it impossible to read Victor as villain, victim or hero, or to take a consequentialist or nature-based stance in which the outcome of his research dictates its wrongness...
July 10, 2018: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29988951/microstructure-of-the-superior-temporal-gyrus-and-hallucination-proneness-a-multi-compartment-diffusion-imaging-study
#13
Amy Spray, Anton L Beer, Richard P Bentall, Vanessa Sluming, Georg Meyer
Previous studies reported that the volume of the left superior temporal gyrus (STG) is reduced in patients with schizophrenia and negatively correlated with hallucination severity. Moreover, diffusion-tensor imaging studies suggested a relationship between the brain microstructure in the STG of patients and auditory hallucinations. Hallucinations are also experienced in non-patient groups. This study investigated the relationship between hallucination proneness and the brain structure of the STG. Hallucination proneness was assessed by the Launey Slade Hallucination Scale (LSHS) in 25 healthy individuals who varied in their propensity to hear voices...
2018: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29983128/the-acceptability-feasibility-and-potential-outcomes-of-an-individual-mindfulness-based-intervention-for-hearing-voices
#14
Stephanie Louise, Susan L Rossell, Neil Thomas
BACKGROUND: A prominent area of advancement in the psychological treatment for people with persisting psychosis has been the application of mindfulness-based therapies. Recent literature has recommended the investigation of focused mindfulness interventions for voices (auditory hallucinations) as a specific experience. To date, only mindfulness programs in group format have been examined. AIMS: This non-randomized pilot study aimed to assess the acceptability, feasibility and potential outcomes of an individual mindfulness program for persistent voices on the negative impact of voices on the subjective experience of mental health and wellbeing, depression and voice-related distress and disruption...
July 9, 2018: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29977850/the-demographic-study-of-otorhinolaryngological-trauma-among-patients-with-head-and-neck-trauma-and-their-management-in-a-tertiary-care-centre
#15
J Singhai, R Nigam, A K Jain
The trauma has been increasing in frequency, especially in recent decades because of the higher number of automobile accidents and violence. The ear, nose and face region is the area in the body that is commonly involved in head and neck injury. Trauma to this region is often associated with mortality and varying degree of physical, functional and psychological damage. To study the demography, aetiology, clinical presentation, outcome of ENT trauma in our tertiary care centre and to compare our study with previous studies to see the changing trends with passage of time...
June 2018: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29960490/effect-of-frequency-mismatch-and-band-partitioning-on-vocal-tract-length-perception-in-vocoder-simulations-of-cochlear-implant-processing
#16
Nawal El Boghdady, Deniz Başkent, Etienne Gaudrain
The vocal tract length (VTL) of a speaker is an important voice cue that aids speech intelligibility in multi-talker situations. However, cochlear implant (CI) users demonstrate poor VTL sensitivity. This may be partially caused by the mismatch between frequencies received by the implant and those corresponding to places of stimulation along the cochlea. This mismatch can distort formant spacing, where VTL cues are encoded. In this study, the effects of frequency mismatch and band partitioning on VTL sensitivity were investigated in normal hearing listeners with vocoder simulations of CI processing...
June 2018: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29960485/deep-learning-models-to-remix-music-for-cochlear-implant-users
#17
Tom Gajęcki, Waldo Nogueira
The severe hearing loss problems that some people suffer can be treated by providing them with a surgically implanted electrical device called cochlear implant (CI). CI users struggle to perceive complex audio signals such as music; however, previous studies show that CI recipients find music more enjoyable when the vocals are enhanced with respect to the background music. In this manuscript source separation (SS) algorithms are used to remix pop songs by applying gain to the lead singing voice. This work uses deep convolutional auto-encoders, a deep recurrent neural network, a multilayer perceptron (MLP), and non-negative matrix factorization to be evaluated objectively and subjectively through two different perceptual experiments which involve normal hearing subjects and CI recipients...
June 2018: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29955816/recommended-protocols-for-instrumental-assessment-of-voice-american-speech-language-hearing-association-expert-panel-to-develop-a-protocol-for-instrumental-assessment-of-vocal-function
#18
Rita R Patel, Shaheen N Awan, Julie Barkmeier-Kraemer, Mark Courey, Dimitar Deliyski, Tanya Eadie, Diane Paul, Jan G Švec, Robert Hillman
Purpose: The aim of this study was to recommend protocols for instrumental assessment of voice production in the areas of laryngeal endoscopic imaging, acoustic analyses, and aerodynamic procedures, which will (a) improve the evidence for voice assessment measures, (b) enable valid comparisons of assessment results within and across clients and facilities, and (c) facilitate the evaluation of treatment efficacy. Method: Existing evidence was combined with expert consensus in areas with a lack of evidence...
June 25, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29948628/experience-focussed-counselling-with-voice-hearers-as-a-trauma-sensitive-approach-results-of-a-qualitative-thematic-enquiry
#19
J K Schnackenberg, M Fleming, C R Martin
The individual approach of the Hearing Voices Movement, Experience Focussed Counselling or Making Sense of Voices, claims a strong life context and trauma focus. This qualitative study represented the first to explore whether Experience Focussed Counselling with voice hearers, when compared to Treatment As Usual, could be considered trauma-sensitive. Twenty-five semi-structured interviews with voice hearers and mental health professionals in routine German mental health settings were analysed as part of an Applied Thematic Analysis...
June 12, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29944698/auditory-traits-of-own-voice
#20
Marino Kimura, Yuko Yotsumoto
People perceive their recorded voice differently from their actively spoken voice. The uncanny valley theory proposes that as an object approaches humanlike characteristics, there is an increase in the sense of familiarity; however, eventually a point is reached where the object becomes strangely similar and makes us feel uneasy. The feeling of discomfort experienced when people hear their recorded voice may correspond to the floor of the proposed uncanny valley. To overcome the feeling of eeriness of own-voice recordings, previous studies have suggested equalization of the recorded voice with various types of filters, such as step, bandpass, and low-pass, yet the effectiveness of these filters has not been evaluated...
2018: PloS One
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