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Beet root juice

Genevieve M Kocoloski, Anne R Crecelius
Dietary nitrate (NO3 - ) has been shown to reduce oxygen consumption (VO2 ) during moderate to high-intensity (e.g. time to fatigue, time trials) exercise and often in trained athletes. However, less is known regarding prolonged exercise and the potential impact of NO3 - on post-exercise excess oxygen consumption (EPOC), particularly in untrained individuals, who may have different metabolic goals during exercise than trained individuals. We tested the hypothesis that acute nitrate supplementation in the form of beet root juice will significantly decrease both VO2 during maximal exercise and EPOC in both maximal and submaximal exercise trials...
2018: International Journal of Exercise Science
Meredith Petrie, W Jack Rejeski, Swati Basu, Paul J Laurienti, Anthony P Marsh, James L Norris, Daniel B Kim-Shapiro, Jonathan H Burdette
Background: Exercise has positive neuroplastic effects on the aging brain. It has also been shown that ingestion of beet root juice (BRJ) increases blood flow to the brain and enhances exercise performance. Here, we examined whether there are synergistic effects of BRJ and exercise on neuroplasticity in the aging brain. Methods: Peak metabolic equivalent (MET) capacity and resting-state magnetic resonance imaging functional brain network organization are reported on 26 older (mean age = 65...
September 1, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
Don W Morishita
Glyphosate-resistant (GR) sugar beet became commercially available to US sugar beet growers in 2008 and was rapidly adopted. Prior to the availability of GR sugar beet, growers would commonly make 3-5 herbicide applications. This often resulted in some crop injury, but was accepted to reduce the impact of weeds. In addition, non-GR sugar beet was cultivated 1-3 times and often followed by hand weeding. The introduction of GR sugar beet drastically reduced the complexity of weed management. Concerns about GR weeds in the United States also apply to sugar beet growers...
May 2018: Pest Management Science
Sayantanee Das, Scott M Filippone, Denise S Williams, Anindita Das, Rakesh C Kukreja
Doxorubicin (DOX, Adriamycin) is a broad-spectrum chemotherapeutic drug used to treat a variety of cancers, although its clinical use is restricted by irreversible cardiotoxicity. Earlier studies show that beet root juice (BRJ), a natural and safe herbal product with high levels of nitrate and antioxidants, is a potent chemopreventive agent; however, its cardioprotective function is yet to be established. The goal of this study was to determine the protective effect of BRJ against DOX-induced cardiotoxicity, and its effect on DOX-induced cytotoxicity in MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells...
October 2016: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
Lori D Wilson, Talia Roth, Deborah Fraser
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Ryszard M Pluta
BACKGROUND: This manuscript addresses the multilevel role of dietary nitrate and nitrite in health and diseases because of increased interest in dietary supplementation. METHOD: Review of research devoted to both beneficial but also possible deleterious effects of uncontrolled indigestion of red beet-root juice and other sources of high concentrated nitrate and nitrite. RESULTS: The body of evidence strongly suggested that persons using nitrate/nitrite supplementation and particularly patients treated with sodium nitrite, having kidney disease or impaired methemoglobin reeducates activity, should closely monitor nitrate/nitrite indigestion...
2016: Reviews on Recent Clinical Trials
Mary Woessner, James M Smoliga, Brendan Tarzia, Thomas Stabler, Mitch Van Bruggen, Jason D Allen
Nitric Oxide (NO) bioavailability is essential for vascular health. Dietary supplementation with inorganic nitrate, which is abundant in vegetables and roots, has been identified as an effective means of increasing vascular NO bioavailability. Recent studies have shown a reduction in resting blood pressures in both normotensive and hypertensive subjects following ingestion of inorganic nitrate. Oral bacteria play a key role in this process and the use of strong antibacterial mouthwash rinses can disable this mechanism...
April 1, 2016: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
Aneta Spórna-Kucab, Ian Garrard, Svetlana Ignatova, Sławomir Wybraniec
Betalains, natural plant pigments, are beneficial compounds due to their antioxidant and possible chemoprotective properties. A mixture of betalains: betanin/isobetanin, decarboxybetanins and neobetanin from processed red beet roots (Beta vulgaris L.) juice was separated in food-grade, gradient solvent systems using high-performance counter-current chromatography (HPCCC). The decarboxylated and dehydrogenated betanins were obtained by thermal degradation of betanin/isobetanin from processed B. vulgaris L. juice under mild conditions...
February 6, 2015: Journal of Chromatography. A
A Jagannath, Manoranjan Kumar, P S Raju, H V Batra
The current study reports the preparation and stabilization of novel functional drinks based on fruit and vegetable juices incorporating bacterial cellulose from Acetobacter xylinum. Pineapple, musk melon, carrot, tomato, beet root and a blend juice containing 20 % each of carrot and tomato juice with 60 % beet root juice has been studied. These juices have been stabilized over a storage period of 90 days at 28 °C, by the use of nisin and maintaining a low pH circumventing the need for any chemical preservatives or refrigeration...
June 2014: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Paul A Covey, Brett Kuwitzky, Mia Hanson, Kimberly M Webb
Sugar beet (Beta vulgaris) Fusarium yellows is caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. betae and can lead to significant reductions in root yield, sucrose percentage, juice purity, and storability. F. oxysporum f. sp. betae can be highly variable and many F. oxysporum strains isolated from symptomatic sugar beet are nonpathogenic. Identifying pathogenicity factors and their diversity in the F. oxysporum f. sp. betae population could further understanding of how this pathogen causes disease and potentially provide molecular markers to rapidly identify pathogenic isolates...
August 2014: Phytopathology
Ningning Zhang, V Steven Green, Xumeng Ge, Brett J Savary, Jianfeng Xu
Specialized varieties of sugar beets (Energy Beets™) are being developed for producing industrial sugars in Arkansas' Mississippi River Delta. To evaluate their suitability for producing regional fermentation feedstocks, we report initial cultivation trials and ethanol fermentation of raw beet juice and combined juice with pulp mash (JPM) liquefied with enzymes, comparing ethanol yields under different regimes by self-flocculating and non-flocculating yeasts. Nine varieties produced root yields averaging 115Mg/ha and 18...
March 2014: Bioresource Technology
Aneta Spórna-Kucab, Svetlana Ignatova, Ian Garrard, Sławomir Wybraniec
Two mixtures of decarboxylated and dehydrogenated betacyanins from processed red beet roots (Beta vulgaris L.) juice were fractionated by high performance counter-current chromatography (HPCCC) producing a range of isolated components. Mixture 1 contained mainly betacyanins, 14,15-dehydro-betanin (neobetanin) and their decarboxylated derivatives while mixture 2 consisted of decarboxy- and dehydro-betacyanins. The products of mixture 1 arose during thermal degradation of betanin/isobetanin in mild conditions while the dehydro-betacyanins of mixture 2 appeared after longer heating of the juice from B...
December 15, 2013: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Naomi M Cermak, Martin J Gibala, Luc J C van Loon
Six days of dietary nitrate supplementation in the form of beetroot juice (~0.5 L/d) has been reported to reduce pulmonary oxygen uptake (VO₂) during submaximal exercise and increase tolerance of high-intensity work rates, suggesting that nitrate can be a potent ergogenic aid. Limited data are available regarding the effect of nitrate ingestion on athletic performance, and no study has investigated the potential ergogenic effects of a small-volume, concentrated dose of beetroot juice. The authors tested the hypothesis that 6 d of nitrate ingestion would improve time-trial performance in trained cyclists...
February 2012: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
Raju Lal Bhardwaj, Shruti Pandey
The post-harvest shelf life of maximum of fruits and vegetables is very limited due to their perishable nature. In India more then 20-25 percent of fruits and vegetables are spoiled before utilization. Despite being the world's second largest producer of fruits and vegetables, in India only 1.5 percent of the total fruits and vegetables produced are processed. Maximum amounts of fruit and vegetable juices turn bitter after extraction due to conversion of chemical compounds. In spite of being under utilized, the utilization of highly nutritive fruits and vegetables is very limited due to high acidity, astringency, bitterness, and some other factors...
July 2011: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
Min-Soo Yun, Jeung-yil Park, Mitsuhiro Arakane, Riki Shiroma, Masakazu Ike, Seiji Tamiya, Hiroyuki Takahashi, Ken Tokuyasu
A mixed mash of sugar beet roots and potato tubers with a sugar concentration of 23.7% w/v was used as a feedstock for bioethanol production. Enzymatic digestion successfully reduced the viscosity of the mixture, enabling subsequent heat pretreatment for liquefaction/sterilization. An energy-consuming thick juice preparation from sugar beet for concentration and sterilization was omitted in this new process.
2011: Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
Stephen J Bailey, Jonathan Fulford, Anni Vanhatalo, Paul G Winyard, Jamie R Blackwell, Fred J DiMenna, Daryl P Wilkerson, Nigel Benjamin, Andrew M Jones
The purpose of this study was to elucidate the mechanistic bases for the reported reduction in the O(2) cost of exercise following short-term dietary nitrate (NO(3)(-)) supplementation. In a randomized, double-blind, crossover study, seven men (aged 19-38 yr) consumed 500 ml/day of either nitrate-rich beet root juice (BR, 5.1 mmol of NO(3)(-)/day) or placebo (PL, with negligible nitrate content) for 6 consecutive days, and completed a series of low-intensity and high-intensity "step" exercise tests on the last 3 days for the determination of the muscle metabolic (using (31)P-MRS) and pulmonary oxygen uptake (Vo(2)) responses to exercise...
July 2010: Journal of Applied Physiology
N Kosaric, A Wieczorek, S Kliza
Various yeasts such as two strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Saccharomyces diastaticus, and Kluyveromyces marxianus were investigated for their ability to ferment fodder beet juice to alcohol. Juice extracted from fodder beet roots without any additives was used as a fermentation substrate. The fermentation kinetic parameters were determined and compared for each species of yeast tested. The best species for fodder beet juice fermentation was chosen and products obtained by fermentation of one hectare of fodder beet plants are given...
July 1983: Biotechnology and Bioengineering
Sławomir Wybraniec
Mixtures of mono-, bi-, and tridecarboxylated betacyanins together with their corresponding neobetacyanins obtained from Beta vulgaris L. root juice as heating degradation products of betacyanins were identified by high-performance liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) and diode-array (LC-DAD) detection. Two monodecarboxy-betacyanin pairs of diastereomers were detected after the decarboxylation in ethanolic and aqueous solutions. Generation of 17-decarboxy-betacyanins and 2-decarboxy-betacyanins was suggested, the latter so far never having been attributed to betacyanin thermal degradation products...
May 4, 2005: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
N Rao Lakkakula, Marybeth Lima, Terry Walker
Ohmic heating has been shown to increase the extraction yields of sucrose from sugar beets, apple juice from apples, beet dye from beet root, and soymilk from soybeans. Rice bran is a byproduct of the rice milling process that has economic potential by virtue of highly nutritious rice bran oil contained within the bran. In this study, ohmic heating was used to stabilize rice bran and to improve rice bran oil extraction yield as compared to microwave heating and a control (no heating). Results showed that ohmic heating is an effective method for rice bran stabilization with moisture addition...
April 2004: Bioresource Technology
Guiping Lu, John K Fellman, Charles G Edwards, D Scott Mattinson, John Navazio
An improved analytical method for the determination of geosmin in red beets was developed using headspace solid-phase microextraction (HSPME). Volatiles of beet juice were extracted in headspace for 2 h using a polydimethylsiloxane/divinylbenzene fiber, thermally desorbed from the fiber, and analyzed by gas chromatography. The HSPME method was determined to be suitable for geosmin analysis as evidenced by high relative recovery (99.2%), low relative standard deviation (7.48%), and reasonable detection limit (1 microg/kg of beet root tissue)...
February 12, 2003: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
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