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Jordan Berlin, Ramesh K Ramanathan, John H Strickler, Deepa S Subramaniam, John Marshall, Yoon-Koo Kang, Robert Hetman, Matthew W Dudley, Jiewei Zeng, Caroline Nickner, Hao Xiong, Philip Komarnitsky, Stacie Peacock Shepherd, Herbert Hurwitz, Heinz-Josef Lenz
BACKGROUND: Veliparib is a potent poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitor. This phase 1 study aimed to establish the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D) of veliparib combined with various FOLFIRI regimens in patients with solid tumours. METHODS: Patients received veliparib (10-270 mg BID, days 1-5, 15-19) and FOLFIRI (days 1-3, 15-17) in three regimens containing 5-fluorouracil 2,400 mg/m2 : irinotecan 150 mg/m2 and folinic acid 400 mg/m2 (part 1); irinotecan 180 mg/m2 , folinic acid 400 mg/m2 , and 5-fluorouracil 400 mg/m2 bolus (part 2), or irinotecan 180 mg/m2 (part 3)...
March 12, 2018: British Journal of Cancer
Ronald Samuel, Mohammad Bilal, Obada Tayyem, Praveen Guturu
Non-variceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding continues to be an important cause of morbidity and mortality. The most common causes include peptic ulcer disease, Mallory-Weiss syndrome, erosive gastritis, duodenitis, esophagitis, malignancy, angiodysplasias and Dieulafoy's lesion. Initial assessment and early aggressive resuscitation significantly improves outcomes. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy continues to be the gold standard for diagnosis and treatment. We present a comprehensive review of literature for the evaluation and management of non-variceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding...
March 7, 2018: Disease-a-month: DM
Mohammed Osman, Saqib Hasan, Qazi Azher, Mamoon Elbedawi, Ghassan Bachuwa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 9, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Bojan Tepes, Maja Seruga, Miroslav Vujasinovic, Dejan Urlep, Liljana Ljepovic, Jurecic Nataša Brglez, Alenka Forte, Ljubec Anita Kek, Miha Skvarc
Background: Gastric cancer is the fifth most common malignancy in the world with almost one million new cases annually. Helicobacter pylori infection causes 89% of all gastric cancers. Premalignant lesions (atrophy and intestinal metaplasia) develop after several decades of inflammation. Secondary prevention with gastroscopy is possible, but it is costly and has a low compliance rate. Alternative procedures like serology testing for pepsinogen I and II and pepsinogen I/II ratio are available to select patients for surveillance gastroscopies...
March 2018: Radiology and Oncology
E Ray-Offor, C C Obiorah
Introduction: Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori)-related atrophic gastritis transits through a sequential pathway of intestinal metaplasia, dysplasia to gastric cancer. Gastroscopy offers early detection, treatment and surveillance of gastric cancer. Aims: This study aims to study the prevalence of H. pylori infection and evaluate precancerous lesions (PCLs) of the stomach. Patients and Methods: This is a case controlled study of patients with dyspepsia undergoing gastroscopy at a referral endoscopy facility in Port Harcourt metropolis of Nigeria...
March 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
Romano Schneider, Ioannis Lazaridis, Marko Kraljević, Christoph Beglinger, Bettina Wölnerhanssen, Ralph Peterli
BACKGROUND: Despite the increasing use of bariatric surgery as the most effective treatment of morbid obesity, there is still no consensus on its preoperative diagnostic workup. The aim of this study was to identify the pathologies of the endoscopic and radiologic investigations before performing bariatric surgery and to evaluate their impact on the patient management. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data of 1225 consecutive patients who underwent laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (n = 834) or sleeve gastrectomy (n = 391) at our institution...
January 12, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
Ana Flávia de Oliveira, Bruna Barbosa da Luz, Maria Fernanda de Paula Werner, Marcello Iacomini, Lucimara M C Cordeiro, Thales Ricardo Cipriani
BACKGROUND: Sedum dendroideum, popularly known in Brazil as balsam, is traditionally used as a wound healing agent, to treat gastritis, and several other health problems. Some studies have shown that plant polysaccharides may have gastroprotective properties. PURPOSE: Considering the popular use of S. dendroideum and the gastroprotective activity of polysaccharides, the objective of this work was to obtain, to characterize, and to evaluate the gastroprotective activity of a polysaccharide fraction from this plant...
March 1, 2018: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
Giuseppe Corona, Renato Cannizzaro, Gianmaria Miolo, Laura Caggiari, Mariangela De Zorzi, Ombretta Repetto, Agostino Steffan, Valli De Re
A positive family history is a strong and consistently reported risk factor for gastric cancer (GC). So far, it has been demonstrated that serum pepsinogens (PGs), and gastrin 17 (G17) are useful for screening individuals at elevated risk to develop atrophic gastritis but they are suboptimal biomarkers to screen individuals for GC. The main purpose of this study was to investigate serum metabolomic profiles to find additional biomarkers that could be integrated with serum PGs and G17 to improve the diagnosis of GC and the selection of first-degree relatives (FDR) at higher risk of GC development...
March 7, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Xiaohuan Li, Yongxian Gui, Feifei Shen, Chun Ling Zhao, Yi Yang, Wenliang Han
Objective: The aim of this study was to explore the clinical value of capsule endoscopy in the diagnosis of small intestine neoplastic lesions. Materials and Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted on the clinical data of 108 patients who underwent capsule endoscopic examination in the Endoscopy Center of Xinxiang Central Hospital from February 2010 to January 2014. The characteristics of different small bowel diseases were observed, and the prevalence rates of different small bowel lesions were calculated...
January 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
Erika Hissong, Jose Jessurun, Rhonda K Yantiss
AIMS: Most gastric carcinomas develop in association with mucosal atrophy and hypochlorhydria, whereas benign peptic ulcers are acid-related. Given that acid sterilizes gastric contents, we hypothesized that ulcerated gastric cancers may be associated with increased luminal microbes compared with peptic ulcers, and that this feature may represent a helpful diagnostic clue to the presence of malignancy. We performed this study to determine whether features of luminal debris, including microorganisms, from ulcerated gastric cancers were significantly different from those of debris associated with benign ulcers...
March 8, 2018: Histopathology
Takako Osaki, Cynthia Zaman, Hideo Yonezawa, Yingsong Lin, Masumi Okuda, Eriko Nozaki, Fuhito Hojo, Satoshi Kurata, Tomoko Hanawa, Shogo Kikuchi, Shigeru Kamiya
Helicobacter pylori is a causative pathogen of chronic gastritis, gastric ulcer disease, and gastric cancer. Humans are known to be a natural host for H. pylori and tend to acquire the pathogen before the age of 5 years. The infection may then persist lifelong if eradication therapy is not applied. One of the modes of transmission of H. pylori is between family members, and therefore, the presence of infected family members is an important risk factor in children. However, other environmental factors have not been fully analyzed...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
Chuan-Gao Xie, Xiao-Ming Xu, Shu-Mei Wei
BACKGROUND Multiple lymphomatous polyposis of the gastrointestinal tract can be associated with the B-cell lymphoma variant, mantle cell lymphoma, with most cases having been described in patients who are more than 50 years-of-age. A rare case of multiple lymphomatous polyposis due to mantle cell lymphoma is reported in a 34-year-old man. CASE REPORT A 34-year-old man presented with paroxysmal abdominal pain followed by spontaneous remission, which had been previously diagnosed as gastritis. An episode of ileocecal intussusception occurred, which was confirmed on imaging studies...
March 8, 2018: American Journal of Case Reports
Emily P Mitchell, Leon Prozesky, John Lawrence
The sustainability of captive cheetah populations is limited by high mortality due to chronic renal disease. This necropsy study, conducted on 243 captive cheetahs from one institution, investigated the relationships between focal palatine erosions, gastritis, enterocolitis, glomerulosclerosis, chronic renal infarcts, renal cortical and medullary fibrosis, and renal medullary amyloidosis at death. Associations between the individual renal lesions and death due to chronic renal disease and comparisons of lesion prevalence between captive bred and wild born and between normal and king coated cheetahs were also assessed...
2018: PloS One
Deniz Ortaç, Mustafa Cemek, Turan Karaca, Mehmet E Büyükokuroğlu, Zafer Ö Özdemir, Ayşe Tuba Kocaman, Sadık Göneş
CONTEXT: Okra, Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) (Malvaceae), is a medicinal plant widely used in Turkish traditional medicine for the treatment of various diseases such as ulcers and gastritis. OBJECTIVE: In the present study, we evaluated the gastroprotective effect of okra against ethanol-induced acute gastric mucosal injury in animal models. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Wistar rats were treated with 500, 250 or 100 mg/kg okra; 20 mg/kg famotidine (Fam); and 75 mg/kg quercetin (Que)...
December 2018: Pharmaceutical Biology
Wen Zhong Liu, Yong Xie, Hong Lu, Hong Cheng, Zhi Rong Zeng, Li Ya Zhou, Ye Chen, Jiang Bin Wang, Yi Qi Du, Nong Hua Lu
BACKGROUND: Since the 'Fourth Chinese National Consensus Report on the management of H. pylori infection' was published in 2012, three important consensuses (Kyoto global consensus report on H. pylori gastritis, The Toronto Consensus for the Treatment of H. pylori Infection in Adults and Management of H. pylori infection-the Maastricht V/Florence Consensus Report) have been published regarding the management of H. pylori infection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A Delphi method was adopted to develop the consensus of relevant 'statements'...
March 7, 2018: Helicobacter
Mohammad Abu-Lubad, Hamed Alzoubi, Dua'a Jarajreh, Alaa Al Sawalqa, Holger Bruggemann, Eman Albataineh, Amin Aqel, Munir Al-Zeer
Background: Helicobacter pylori ( H. pylori ) infection has been associated with gastritis, gastric ulcer, mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma and gastric cancer. The prevalence of H. pylori virulence genes have been studied in different populations and from different sources of samples but their prevalence has not been studied in dental plaque in Jordanian people; therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the genotypes of H. pylori isolated from dental plaque samples. Methods: Dental plaque samples were collected from 60 Jordanian volunteers...
February 2018: Gastroenterology Research
Arnaud Pasquer, Elise Pelascini, Gilles Poncet, Maud Robert
PURPOSE: Postoperative abdominal pain after Roux en Y gastric bypass associated with gastro esophageal reflux is difficult to manage. A gastro-gastric fistula can be the etiology and besides pain and weight regain, it can also be revealed by a dilatation of the excluded stomach and duodenum. METHODS: We present the case of a 45-year-old woman who had a medical history of revisional RYGB after failure of gastric band. She recently complained of recurrent epigastric abdominal pain and biliary GERD...
March 5, 2018: Obesity Surgery
Marshall E McCabe, Christen K Dilly
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2, 2018: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Lucas Olivo Martins Pereira, Wagner Vilegas, Marcelo Marucci Pereira Tangerina, Karuppusamy Arunachalam, Sikiru Olaitan Balogun, Paulo Eduardo Orlandi Matos, Domingos Tabajara de Oliveira Martins
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL IMPORTANCE: Lafoensia pacari A. St.-Hil., (Lythraceae) is a native tree of Brazilian Cerrado and commonly known in Brazil as "mangava-brava". Its leaves are used in Brazilian folk medicine in wound healing, cutaneous mycoses, and in the treatment of gastritis and ulcers. AIM OF THE STUDY: The present study was designed to evaluate the wound healing activity and mechanism of action of the hydroethanolic extract of Lafoensia pacari A...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Zhongzhi Jia, Weiping Wang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the value of yttrium-90 (90 Y) microspheres in the management of unresectable liver metastases secondary to neuroendocrine tumors (NETs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and the "gray" literature (Google Scholar) were searched for all studies related to90 Y therapy for unresectable liver metastases of NETs. RESULTS: A total of 11 studies and 7 abstracts involving 870 patients were included in the final analysis...
March 2018: European Journal of Radiology
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