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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918609/associations-among-gastric-juice-ph-atrophic-gastritis-intestinal-metaplasia-and-helicobacter-pylori-infection
#1
Jihee Sung, Nayoung Kim, Jongchan Lee, Young-Jae Hwang, Hyoung Woo Kim, Jung Wha Chung, Jin-Wook Kim, Dong Ho Lee
Background/Aims: Gastric juice plays a crucial role in the physiology of the stomach. The aim of this study is to evaluate associations among the pH of gastric juice, atrophic gastritis (AG), intestinal metaplasia (IM), pepsinogen, and Helicobacter pylori infection. Methods: Gastric biopsies and juice were collected from 46 subjects who underwent endoscopies at Seoul National University Bundang Hospital between November 2011 and March 2013. H. pylori, AG and IM were evaluated, and pepsinogen I or II, I/II ratio and interleukin (IL)-1β levels were measured...
September 19, 2017: Gut and Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914863/-chronic-gastritis-instructions-for-use-of-medications
#2
V I Simanenkov, S S Vyalov
The paper highlights the features of drug use in the legal aspect. It analyzes instructions for medical use of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) and gastric protective agents. Taking into account the characteristics of indications registered in the instruction, the authors discuss the possibility of using various PPIs. The instruction for medical application is an official document approved by the Ministry of Health, the basis of which is the data of trials carried out by a manufacturer, and it should be a key or fundamental source for a physician in choosing a medication...
2017: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913339/ulcerative-gastritis-and-esophagitis-in-two-children-with-sarcina-ventriculi-infection
#3
Tim G J de Meij, Michiel P van Wijk, Aart Mookhoek, Andries E Budding
Sarcina ventriculi is a Gram-positive, obligate anaerobic coccus, with a characteristic morphology. Only 22 cases of human infections by this microorganism, including 7 in children, have been reported in literature so far. Affected subjects usually present with abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and delayed gastric emptying. However, life-threatening complications, like emphysematous gastritis and gastric perforation have also been described. Gastroparesis and gastric outlet obstruction have been considered as a potential etiologic factor...
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906408/eosinophilic-gastroenteritis-presenting-as-upper-gastrointestinal-hematoma-and-ulcers-after-endoscopic-biopsy-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#4
Biqin Chen, Zhao Yang, Heng Lu, Cheng Wei, Fangyu Wang, Chang Liu
RATIONALE: Eosinphilic gastroenteritis (EG) is a gastrointestinal disorder characterized by eosinophilic infiltration with various manifestations. The diagnosis is usually confirmed by an endoscopic biopsy, which is considered a safe and routine procedure for the majority. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report a 54-year-old male who was presented with intermittent periumbilical pain and melena, and only revealed verrucous gastritis by endoscopy. DIAGNOSES: The patient's condition worsened two days after the endoscopic biopsy, and another endoscopy found hematoma and ulcers in upper gastrointestinal tract...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904981/median-arcuate-ligament-syndrome-it-is-not-always-gastritis
#5
Aneesh Kuruvilla, Ghulam Murtaza, Ayesha Cheema, Hafiz Muhammad Sharjeel Arshad
Median arcuate ligament syndrome is a rare disorder that is clinically characterized by the triad of postprandial abdominal pain, weight loss, and often an abdominal bruit due to compression of the celiac artery by the median arcuate ligament. Given the nonspecific symptoms, this is a rare and difficult diagnosis to obtain. We present a patient with nonspecific abdominal pain in whom etiology was ultimately determined to be median arcuate ligament syndrome.
July 2017: Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904931/isolation-of-candida-species-from-gastroesophageal-lesions-among-pediatrics-in-isfahan-iran-identification-and-antifungal-susceptibility-testing-of-clinical-isolates-by-e-test
#6
Fatemeh Salehi, Mehran Esmaeili, Rasoul Mohammadi
BACKGROUND: Candida species can become opportunistic pathogens causing local or systemic invasive infections. Gastroesophageal candidiasis may depend on the Candida colonization and local damage of the mucosal barrier. Risk factors are gastric acid suppression, diabetes mellitus, chronic debilitating states such as carcinomas, and the use of systemic antibiotics and corticosteroids. The aim of this study is collection and molecular identification of Candida species from gastroesophageal lesions among pediatrics in Isfahan, and determination of minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) ranges for clinical isolates...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900096/comparison-of-quality-of-life-between-billroth-%C3%B0-and-roux-en-y-anastomosis-after-distal-gastrectomy-for-gastric-cancer-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Kun Yang, Wei-Han Zhang, Kai Liu, Xin-Zu Chen, Zong-Guang Zhou, Jian-Kun Hu
Studies comparing Billroth-I (B-I) with Roux-en-Y (R-Y) anastomosis are still lacking and inconsistent. The aim of this trial was to compare the quality of life (QoL) of B-I with R-Y reconstruction after curative distal gastrectomy for gastric cancer. A total of 140 patients were randomly assigned to the B-I group (N = 70) and R-Y group (N = 70) with the comparable baseline characteristics. The overall postoperative morbidity rates were 18.6% and 25.7% in the B-I group and R-Y group without significant difference...
September 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898235/associations-of-helicobacter-pylori-infection-and-chronic-atrophic-gastritis-with-accelerated-epigenetic-ageing-in-older-adults
#8
Xu Gao, Yan Zhang, Hermann Brenner
BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori (HP) infection and chronic atrophic gastritis (CAG) have shown strong associations with the development of gastric cancer. This study aimed to examine whether both risk factors are associated with accelerated epigenetic ageing, as determined by the 'DNA methylation age', in a population-based study of older adults (n=1477). METHODS: Serological measurements of HP antibodies and pepsinogen I and II for CAG definition were obtained by ELISA kits...
September 12, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894436/serum-thyroid-hormone-antibodies-are-frequent-in-patients-with-polyglandular-autoimmune-syndrome-type-3-particularly-in-those-who-require-thyroxine-treatment
#9
Roberto Vita, Maria Giulia Santaguida, Camilla Virili, Maria Segni, Marina Galletti, Mattia Mandolfino, Flavia Di Bari, Marco Centanni, Salvatore Benvenga
Polyglandular autoimmune syndrome (PAS) type 3 consists of autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD) coexisting with ≥1 non-thyroidal autoimmune disease (NTAID) other than Addison's disease and hypoparathyroidism. We evaluated the prevalence and repertoire of thyroid hormones antibodies (THAb) in PAS-3 patients. Using a radioimmunoprecipation technique, we measured THAb (T3IgM, T3IgG, T4IgM, and T4IgG) in 107 PAS-3 patients and 88 controls (patients with AITD without any NTAID). Based on the selective coexistence of AITD with one NTAID (chronic autoimmune gastritis, non-segmental vitiligo or celiac disease), patients were divided into group 1 (chronic autoimmune gastritis positive, n = 64), group 2 (non-segmental vitiligo positive, n = 24), and group 3 (celiac disease positive, n = 15)...
2017: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892894/low-rate-of-baba2-genotype-among-iranian-helicobacter-pylori-clinical-isolates
#10
Maryam Sohrabi, Reza Khashei, Mahvash Alizadeh, Mohammad-Kazem Hosseini Asl, Mohammad-Ali Nejati, Mahintaj Dara, Abdollah Bazargani
INTRODUCTION: The Blood Group Antigen-Binding Adhesion (babA), Outer Inflammatory Protein (oipA) and Sialic Acid-Binding Adhesin (sabA) as outer membrane proteins involved in Helicobacter pylori adherence to gastric mucosa have been suggested to have a role in the pathogenesis. AIM: To investigate the frequency of H. pylori isolates babA2, oipA and sabA genes in Iranian dyspeptic patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: DNAs were extracted from H...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891390/pathology-and-epidemiology-of-oxalate-nephrosis-in-cheetahs
#11
Emily P Mitchell, Molly E Church, Sarah M Nemser, Betsy Jean Yakes, Eric R Evans, Renate Reimschuessel, Karin Lemberger, Peter N Thompson, Karen A Terio
To investigate cases of acute oxalate nephrosis without evidence of ethylene glycol exposure, archived data and tissues from cheetahs ( Acinonyx jubatus) from North America ( n = 297), southern Africa ( n = 257), and France ( n = 40) were evaluated. Renal and gastrointestinal tract lesions were characterized in a subset of animals with ( n = 100) and without ( n = 165) oxalate crystals at death. Crystals were confirmed as calcium oxalate by Raman spectroscopy in 45 of 47 cheetahs tested. Crystals were present in cheetahs from 3...
January 1, 2017: Veterinary Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891139/helicobacter-pylori-infection-in-children
#12
REVIEW
Nicolas Kalach, Patrick Bontems, Josette Raymond
Helicobacter pylori infection in children differs from that in adults, from the point of view of epidemiology, host response, clinical features, related diseases, and diagnosis, as well as treatment strategies. The prevalence of H. pylori infection, in both children and adults, is decreasing in the Western World as well as in some developing countries, which contrasts with the increase in childhood asthma and allergic diseases. Recurrent abdominal pain is not specific during H. pylori infection in children...
September 2017: Helicobacter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891136/helicobacter-pylori-infection-and-nonmalignant-diseases
#13
REVIEW
Olga Sjomina, Frederic Heluwaert, Driffa Moussata, Marcis Leja
A substantial decrease in Helicobacter pylori-associated peptic ulcer disease has been observed during the last decades. Drug-related ulcers as well as idiopathic ulcers are becoming predominant and are more refractory to treatment; however, H. pylori infection still plays an important role in ulcer bleeding and recurrence after therapy. The effect of H. pylori eradication upon functional dyspepsia symptoms has been reviewed in this article and generally confirms the results of previous meta-analyses. Additional evidence suggests a lack of impact upon the quality of life, in spite of improvement in symptoms...
September 2017: Helicobacter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889157/epidemiologic-characteristics-of-gastric-malignancies-among-jordan-university-hospital-patients
#14
Heyam A Awad, Manar H Hajeer, Mohand W Abulihya, Mohammad A Al-Chalabi, Ali A Al Khader
To discover the epidemiologic distribution of gastric malignancies among Jordan University Hospital patients and to compare this distribution with the neighboring Arab countries. Methods: Retrospective study covering the period between  January 2006, and May 2016, in Jordan University Hospital, Amman, Jordan. All cases were retrieved from the computer system and analyzed using IBM SPSS version 23 software.  Results: One hundred and sixty-five cases were analyzed. Male-to-female ratio was 1.2:1. The mean age was 58...
September 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888898/duodenal-pathologies-in-children-a-single-center-experience
#15
Ulas Emre Akbulut, Sami Fidan, Hamdi Cihan Emeksiz, Orhan Polat Ors
OBJECTIVE: Several studies have been performed concerning pathologies of the stomach and esophagus in the pediatric age group. However, there have been very few studies of duodenal pathologies in children. The authors aimed to examine the clinical, endoscopic, and histopathological characteristics, as well as the etiology of duodenal pathologies in children. METHOD: Patients aged between 1 and 17 years undergoing esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) during two years at this unit, were investigated retrospectively...
September 7, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884726/-polyneuropathies-in-intestinal-diseases
#16
I V Damulin, D A Degterev
Different aspects of polyneuropathies (PN) developed due to the deficit of group B vitamins in intestinal diseases are considered. Neurological disturbances related to intestinal diseases are caused by malabsorption that leads to the deficit of some compounds extremely important for normal cell metabolism, pathological changes of mucous coat of the stomach and intestine and higher sensitivity to the plant protein gluten. Vitamin B12 deficit can lead to a number of neurological disturbances; patients with pernicious anemia most often develop myelopathy and PN...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884453/gastric-cancer-associated-with-refractory-cytomegalovirus-gastritis
#17
Masayuki Ueno, Yuichi Shimodate, Shumpei Yamamoto, Hiroshi Yamamoto, Motowo Mizuno
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) sometimes causes gastritis, especially in immunocompromised patients, but whether CMV gastritis promotes the development of gastric cancer is unknown. Here, we report a case of gastric cancer that developed in the presence of CMV gastritis, which had been present for at least 4 years and was refractory to treatment. An 80-year-old woman had noted epigastric discomfort and appetite loss. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy revealed a shallow geographical ulcer extending from the upper body to the pylorus...
September 7, 2017: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883779/users-knowledge-about-adverse-effects-of-non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-in-tirana-albania
#18
Dajana Roshi, Ervin Toçi, Genc Burazeri, Peter Schröder-Bäck, Ledjan Malaj, Helmut Brand
AIM: To assess the level of knowledge of the adult users of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) regarding their side effects and the socio-demographic factors associated with the use of these drugs in the adult population of Albania. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study including a representative sample of 199 individuals aged ≥18 years (77% women; overall mean age: 30.3±10.0 years; overall response rate: 90%) who were users of NSAIDs recruited in ten different pharmacies in Tirana municipality during April-May 2015...
June 2017: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881640/microrna-200c-as-a-prognostic-and-sensitivity-marker-for-platinum-chemotherapy-in-advanced-gastric-cancer
#19
Min Li, Kangsheng Gu, Wei Liu, Xiaoque Xie, Xiaolu Huang
We examined microRNA-200c (miR-200c) expression in tumor tissues and plasma of patients with advanced gastric cancer and correlated miR-200c expression with treatment efficacy of platinum chemotherapy and patient prognosis. Tumor tissues were collected from 51 patients with advanced gastric cancer who received platinum-containing chemotherapies. The plasma was collected from the same group of patients and 51 subjects with chronic superficial gastritis. Quantitative RT-PCR was used to evaluate miR-200c expression, and its correlation with treatment efficacy and patient prognosis was analyzed...
August 1, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880226/quantitative-analysis-extraction-optimization-and-biological-evaluation-of-cudrania-tricuspidata-leaf-and-fruit-extracts
#20
Seung-Hui Song, Sung Hwan Ki, Dae-Hun Park, Hong-Seop Moon, Chang-Dai Lee, In-Soo Yoon, Seung-Sik Cho
Cudrania tricuspidata Bureau (Moraceae) shows numerous pharmacological effects and has been used in traditional herbal remedies for inflammation, gastritis, tumors, and liver diseases. However, no validated analytical method for the standardization and optimization of the biological properties of C. tricuspidata preparations has been reported. We developed and validated a reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method for the separation and quantification of active markers. Ethanolic extracts of C...
September 7, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
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