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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832171/drought-impact-is-alleviated-in-sugar-beets-beta-vulgaris-l-by-foliar-application-of-fullerenol-nanoparticles
#1
Milan Borišev, Ivana Borišev, Milan Župunski, Danijela Arsenov, Slobodanka Pajević, Živko Ćurčić, Jovica Vasin, Aleksandar Djordjevic
Over the past few years, significant efforts have been made to decrease the effects of drought stress on plant productivity and quality. We propose that fullerenol nanoparticles (FNPs, molecular formula C60(OH)24) may help alleviate drought stress by serving as an additional intercellular water supply. Specifically, FNPs are able to penetrate plant leaf and root tissues, where they bind water in various cell compartments. This hydroscopic activity suggests that FNPs could be beneficial in plants. The aim of the present study was to analyse the influence of FNPs on sugar beet plants exposed to drought stress...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816823/protease-activity-and-phytocystatin-expression-in-arabidopsis-thaliana-upon-heterodera-schachtii-infection
#2
Mateusz Labudda, Elżbieta Różańska, Joanna Szewińska, Mirosław Sobczak, Jolanta Maria Dzik
The activity of plant proteases is important for amino acids recycling, removal of damaged proteins as well as defence responses. The second-stage juvenile of the beet cyst nematode Heterodera schachtii penetrates host roots and induces the feeding site called a syncytium. To determine whether infection by H. schachtii affects proteolysis, the protease activity was studied in Arabidopsis roots and shoots at the day of inoculation and 3, 7 and 15 days post inoculation (dpi). Nematode infection caused a decrease of protease activities in infected roots over the entire examination period at all studied pH values...
October 26, 2016: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27710887/separation-of-chlorinated-diastereomers-of-decarboxy-betacyanins-in-myeloperoxidase-catalyzed-chlorinated-beta-vulgaris-l-extract
#3
Sławomir Wybraniec, Karolina Starzak, Edward Szneler, Zbigniew Pietrzkowski
A comparative chromatographic evaluation of chlorinated decarboxylated betanins and betanidins generated under activity of hypochlorous acid exerted upon these highly antioxidative potent decarboxylated pigments derived from natural sources was performed by LC-DAD-ESI-MS/MS. Comparison of the chromatographic profiles of the chlorinated pigments revealed two different directions of retention changes in relation to the corresponding substrates. Chlorination of all betacyanins that are decarboxylated at carbon C-17 results in an increase of their retention times...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27696738/transcriptome-analysis-of-sugar-beet-root-maggot-tetanops-myopaeformis-genes-modulated-by-the-beta-vulgaris-host
#4
Haiyan Li, Ann C Smigocki
Sugar beet root maggot (SBRM, Tetanops myopaeformis von Röder) is a major but poorly understood insect pest of sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.). The molecular mechanisms underlying plant defense responses are well documented, however, little information is available about complementary mechanisms for insect adaptive responses to overcome host resistance. To date, no studies have been published on SBRM gene expression profiling. Suppressive subtractive hybridization (SSH) generated more than 300 SBRM ESTs differentially expressed in the interaction of the pest with a moderately resistant (F1016) and a susceptible (F1010) sugar beet line...
October 3, 2016: Insect Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664740/bacillus-amyloliquefaciens-sb14-from-rhizosphere-alleviates-rhizoctonia-damping-off-disease-on-sugar-beet
#5
Elham Karimi, Naser Safaie, Masoud Shams-Baksh, Bagher Mahmoudi
The use of biocontrol strains recently has become a popular alternative to conventional chemical treatments. A set of bacteria isolated from sugar beet rhizosphere and from roots and shoots of apple and walnut were evaluated for their potential to control sugar beet seedling damping-off caused by R. solani AG-4 and AG2-2.The results of in vitro assays concluded that three isolates, SB6, SB14, SB15, obtained from rhizosphere of sugar beet and five isolates, AP2, AP4, AP6, AP7, AP8, obtained from shoots and roots of apple were the most effective antagonists that inhibited the mycelial growth of both R...
November 2016: Microbiological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630646/genetic-diversity-and-physiological-performance-of-portuguese-wild-beet-beta-vulgaris-spp-maritima-from-three-contrasting-habitats
#6
Isa C Ribeiro, Carla Pinheiro, Carla M Ribeiro, Maria M Veloso, Maria C Simoes-Costa, Isabel Evaristo, Octávio S Paulo, Cândido P Ricardo
The establishment of stress resilient sugar beets (Beta vulgaris spp. vulgaris) is an important breeding goal since this cash crop is susceptible to drought and salinity. The genetic diversity in cultivated sugar beets is low and the beet wild relatives are useful genetic resources for tolerance traits. Three wild beet populations (Beta vulgaris spp. maritima) from contrasting environments, Vaiamonte (VMT, dry inland hill), Comporta (CMP, marsh) and Oeiras (OEI, coastland), and one commercial sugar beet (Isella variety, SB), are compared...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27565811/beet-root-juice-protects-against-doxorubicin-toxicity-in-cardiomyocytes-while-enhancing-apoptosis-in-breast-cancer-cells
#7
Sayantanee Das, Scott M Filippone, Denise S Williams, Anindita Das, Rakesh C Kukreja
Doxorubicin (DOX, Adriamycin) is a broad-spectrum chemotherapeutic drug used to treat a variety of cancers, although its clinical use is restricted by irreversible cardiotoxicity. Earlier studies show that beet root juice (BRJ), a natural and safe herbal product with high levels of nitrate and antioxidants, is a potent chemopreventive agent; however, its cardioprotective function is yet to be established. The goal of this study was to determine the protective effect of BRJ against DOX-induced cardiotoxicity, and its effect on DOX-induced cytotoxicity in MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells...
October 2016: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27451418/the-fungal-endophyte-chaetomium-globosum-negatively-affects-both-above-and-belowground-herbivores-in-cotton
#8
Wenqing Zhou, James L Starr, Janice L Krumm, Gregory A Sword
Mutualistic plant-endophyte symbioses can benefit plants by increasing host fitness through reductions in herbivory. The fungus, Chaetomium globosum strain TAMU 520, was previously isolated as an endophyte from cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) and can be re-inoculated to systemically colonize cotton plants via seed treatment. We evaluated the potential impacts of the endophyte in cotton on plant parasitic nematodes belowground, along with piercing-sucking and chewing insects aboveground. Endophytic C. globosum inhibited root-knot nematode (Meloidogyne incognita) infection and reduced female reproduction belowground...
October 2016: FEMS Microbiology Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27423042/identification-of-saponins-from-sugar-beet-beta-vulgaris-by-low-and-high-resolution-hplc-ms-ms
#9
Katarzyna Mikołajczyk-Bator, Alfred Błaszczyk, Mariusz Czyżniejewski, Piotr Kachlicki
We profiled triterpene saponins from the roots of sugar beet Beta vulgaris L. cultivars Huzar and Boryna using reversed-phase liquid chromatography combined with negative-ion electrospray ionization quadrupole mass spectrometry. We tentatively identified 26 triterpene saponins, including 17 that had not been detected previously in this plant species and 7 saponins that were tentatively identified as new compounds. All observed compounds were glycosides of five different aglycones, of which gypsogenin and norhederagenin are reported for the first time in sugar beet...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27360052/the-effect-of-beet-root-juice-supplementation-on-markers-of-oxidative-stress-and-inflammation-909-board-225-june-1-3-30-pm-5-00-pm
#10
Lori D Wilson, Talia Roth, Deborah Fraser
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27321140/a-shotgun-proteomic-approach-reveals-that-fe-deficiency-causes-marked-changes-in-the-protein-profiles-of-plasma-membrane-and-detergent-resistant-microdomain-preparations-from-beta-vulgaris-roots
#11
Elain Gutierrez-Carbonell, Daisuke Takahashi, Sabine Lüthje, José Antonio González-Reyes, Sébastien Mongrand, Bruno Contreras-Moreira, Anunciación Abadía, Matsuo Uemura, Javier Abadía, Ana Flor López-Millán
In the present study we have used label-free shotgun proteomic analysis to examine the effects of Fe deficiency on the protein profiles of highly pure sugar beet root plasma membrane (PM) preparations and detergent-resistant membranes (DRMs), the latter as an approach to study microdomains. Altogether, 545 proteins were detected, with 52 and 68 of them changing significantly with Fe deficiency in PM and DRM, respectively. Functional categorization of these proteins showed that signaling and general and vesicle-related transport accounted for approximately 50% of the differences in both PM and DRM, indicating that from a qualitative point of view changes induced by Fe deficiency are similar in both preparations...
August 5, 2016: Journal of Proteome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27306252/surfactin-variants-mediate-species-specific-biofilm-formation-and-root-colonization-in-bacillus
#12
Gajender Aleti, Sylvia Lehner, Markus Bacher, Stéphane Compant, Branislav Nikolic, Maja Plesko, Rainer Schuhmacher, Angela Sessitsch, Günter Brader
Cyclic lipopeptides (cLP) and especially surfactins produced by Bacillus spp. trigger biofilm formation and root colonization and are crucial for biocontrol activity and systemic resistance in plants. Bacillus atrophaeus 176s isolated from the moss Tortella tortuosa produces the cLP fengycins, iturins and surfactins, possesses antifungal activities and can protect tomato, lettuce and sugar beet against Rhizoctonia solani infection. In B. atrophaeus we identified for the first time the variant surfactin C, which differs from surfactin A produced by B...
September 2016: Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27304416/arabidopsis-mir827-mediates-post-transcriptional-gene-silencing-of-its-ubiquitin-e3-ligase-target-gene-in-the-syncytium-of-the-cyst-nematode-heterodera-schachtii-to-enhance-susceptibility
#13
Tarek Hewezi, Sarbottam Piya, Mingsheng Qi, Muthukumar Balasubramaniam, J Hollis Rice, Thomas J Baum
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a major class of small non-coding RNAs with emerging functions in biotic and abiotic interactions. Here, we report on a new functional role of Arabidopsis miR827 and its NITROGEN LIMITATION ADAPTATION (NLA) target gene in mediating plant susceptibility to the beet cyst nematode Heterodera schachtii. Cyst nematodes are sedentary endoparasites that induce the formation of multinucleated feeding structures termed syncytia in the roots of host plants. Using promoter:GUS fusion assays we established that miR827 was activated in the initial feeding cells and this activation was maintained in the syncytium during all sedentary stages of nematode development...
October 2016: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27147449/potato-tuber-herbivory-increases-resistance-to-aboveground-lepidopteran-herbivores
#14
Pavan Kumar, Erandi Vargas Ortiz, Etzel Garrido, Katja Poveda, Georg Jander
Plants mediate interactions between aboveground and belowground herbivores. Although effects of root herbivory on foliar herbivores have been documented in several plant species, interactions between tuber-feeding herbivores and foliar herbivores are rarely investigated. We report that localized tuber damage by Tecia solanivora (Guatemalan tuber moth) larvae reduced aboveground Spodoptera exigua (beet armyworm) and Spodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm) performance on Solanum tuberosum (potato). Conversely, S...
September 2016: Oecologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27047037/staining-of-platyhelminthes-by-herbal-dyes-an-eco-friendly-technique-for-the-taxonomist
#15
Niranjan Kumar, Jadav Mehul, Bhupamani Das, J B Solanki
AIM: An environment compatible technique to stain Platyhelminthes, Fasciola gigantica, Gastrothylax crumenifer, Taenia solium, and Moniezia expansa using aqueous and alcoholic extract of sugar beet (Beta vulgaris), China rose (Hibiscus rosa-sinensis), and red rose (Rosa hybrida) were described to minimized the deleterious effects of the synthetic dyes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Aqueous/ethanolic extracts of roses were extracted from the flowers while red beet was extracted from the roots...
November 2015: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27028972/to-be-et-or-not-to-be-et-that-is-the-question-the-role-s-of-nitrate-and-nitrite-in-health-and-illness
#16
Ryszard M Pluta
BACKGROUND: This manuscript addresses the multilevel role of dietary nitrate and nitrite in health and diseases because of increased interest in dietary supplementation. METHOD: Review of research devoted to both beneficial but also possible deleterious effects of uncontrolled indigestion of red beet-root juice and other sources of high concentrated nitrate and nitrite. RESULTS: The body of evidence strongly suggested that persons using nitrate/nitrite supplementation and particularly patients treated with sodium nitrite, having kidney disease or impaired methemoglobin reeducates activity, should closely monitor nitrate/nitrite indigestion...
2016: Reviews on Recent Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26969021/membrane-proteins-involved-in-transport-vesicle-traffic-and-ca-2-signaling-increase-in-beetroots-grown-in-saline-soils
#17
Bárbara Lino, Alicia Chagolla, Luis E González de la Vara
By separating plasma membrane proteins according to their hydropathy from beetroots grown in saline soils, several proteins probably involved in salt tolerance were identified by mass spectrometry. Beetroots, as a salt-tolerant crop, have developed mechanisms to cope with stresses associated with saline soils. To observe which plasma membrane (PM) proteins were more abundant in beet roots grown in saline soils, beet root plants were irrigated with water or 0.2 M NaCl. PM-enriched membrane preparations were obtained from these plants, and their proteins were separated according to their hydropathy by serial phase partitioning with Triton X-114...
July 2016: Planta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26952409/versatile-synthesis-of-phmb-stabilized-silver-nanoparticles-and-their-significant-stimulating-effect-on-fodder-beet-beta-vulgaris-l
#18
Alexander А Gusev, Alexey A Kudrinsky, Olga V Zakharova, Alexey I Klimov, Pavel M Zherebin, George V Lisichkin, Inna A Vasyukova, Albert N Denisov, Yurii A Krutyakov
Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) are well-known bactericidal agents. However, information about the influence of AgNPs on the morphometric parameters and biochemical status of most important agricultural crops is limited. The present study reports the influence of AgNPs stabilized with cationic polymer polyhexamethylene biguanide hydrochloride (PHMB) on growth, development, and biochemical status of fodder beet Beta vulgaris L. under laboratory and greenhouse conditions. PHMB-stabilized AgNPs were obtained via sodium borohydride reduction of silver nitrate in an aqueous solution...
May 2016: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26941529/effect-of-beta-vulgaris-linn-leaves-extract-on-anxiety-and-depressive-like-behavior-and-oxidative-stress-in-mice-after-acute-restraint-stress
#19
Kunjbihari Sulakhiya, Vikas Kumar Patel, Rahul Saxena, Jagrati Dashore, Amit Kumar Srivastava, Manoj Rathore
BACKGROUND: Stress plays a significant role in the pathogenesis of neuropsychiatric disorders such as anxiety and depression. Beta vulgaris is commonly known as "beet root" possessing antioxidant, anticancer, hepatoprotective, nephroprotective, wound healing, and anti-inflammatory properties. OBJECTIVE: To study the protective effect of Beta vulgaris Linn. ethanolic extract (BVEE) of leaves against acute restraint stress (ARS)-induced anxiety- and depressive-like behavior and oxidative stress in mice...
January 2016: Pharmacognosy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26824923/analysis-of-the-transcriptome-of-the-infective-stage-of-the-beet-cyst-nematode-h-schachtii
#20
John Fosu-Nyarko, Paul Nicol, Fareeha Naz, Reetinder Gill, Michael G K Jones
The beet cyst nematode, Heterodera schachtii, is a major root pest that significantly impacts the yield of sugar beet, brassicas and related species. There has been limited molecular characterisation of this important plant pathogen: to identify target genes for its control the transcriptome of the pre-parasitic J2 stage of H. schachtii was sequenced using Roche GS FLX. Ninety seven percent of reads (i.e., 387,668) with an average PHRED score > 22 were assembled with CAP3 and CLC Genomics Workbench into 37,345 and 47,263 contigs, respectively...
2016: PloS One
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