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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30503092/trials-with-the-haemonchus-vaccine-barbervax-%C3%A2-in-ewes-and-lambs-in-a-tropical-environment-nutrient-supplementation-improves-protection-in-periparturient-ewes
#1
C C Bassetto, F A Almeida, G F J Newlands, W D Smith, A M Castilhos, S Fernandes, E R Siqueira, A F T Amarante
Haemonchus contortus is an economic problem in sheep farms worldwide, mainly in the tropics and subtropics. A vaccine against haemonchosis, called Barbervax® , was evaluated in ewes under two nutritional status, naturally infected with gastrointestinal nematodes. Ewes were divided into four groups: Supplemented Diet - Vaccine; Supplemented Diet - No vaccine; Basal Diet - Vaccine and Basal Diet - No vaccine. Their lambs were divided in Vaccinated and No vaccine. Ewes were immunised six times starting about 1 month of pregnancy with the first three doses at 3 week intervals and the last three shots at 4 week intervals...
December 15, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30485387/talk-to-patients-about-whooping-cough
#2
Sean Price
But pertussis has made a resurgence. Anti-vaccine sentiment and other factors allow pertussis to spread, especially in school children. But vaccination still remains the best protection.
November 1, 2018: Texas Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30455945/immunology-beliefs-as-a-factor-in-vaccine-opposition-among-complementary-and-alternative-medical-providers
#3
Sandra J Bean, Joseph A Catania
Objectives: Parental pediatric vaccine decisions are influenced by parents' health provider networks. Complementary and alternative medical providers may be key influences in the networks of those parents who do not vaccinate their children. Methods: From March to July 2013, we conducted semi-structured interviews of Oregon complementary and alternative medical providers ( N  = 36) in five disciplines likely to treat parents or children, or both, and whose practitioners are known to express opinions about vaccines and vaccination...
2018: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30445163/content-and-commentary-hpv-vaccine-and-youtube
#4
Sahrish Ekram, Katherine E Debiec, Megan A Pumper, Megan A Moreno
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) vaccination has demonstrated efficacy; however, many vaccine-eligible remain unvaccinated. YouTube is a popular video-sharing platform with several topics, including the HPV vaccine. Our purpose is to examine the tone of YouTube videos toward the HPV vaccine, accuracy of the information displayed, and content of commentary. DESIGN: This observational study investigated publicly available content regarding the HPV vaccine on the video-sharing website YouTube (www...
November 13, 2018: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30383256/addressing-vaccination-hesitancy-in-europe-a-case-study-in-state-society-relations
#5
Katharina Kieslich
In light of recent outbreaks of diseases such as measles in Europe, policymakers and public health practitioners are seeking strategies to address anti-vaccination attitudes and to increase immunization rates. Identifying effective strategies that will not further alienate vaccination sceptics raises challenges that go to the heart of relations between the state and society. Drawing on accounts of state-society relations, this article discusses how the problem of vaccination hesitancy might be explained from a political science perspective...
November 1, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30352297/vaccine-programme-stakeholder-perspectives-on-a-hypothetical-single-dose-human-papillomavirus-hpv-vaccine-schedule-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#6
Katherine E Gallagher, Helen Kelly, Naomi Cocks, Sandra Dixon, Sandra Mounier-Jack, Natasha Howard, Deborah Watson-Jones
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends a 2-dose HPV vaccine schedule for girls aged 9-14 years. As randomised controlled trials assessing the immunogenicity and efficacy of a 1-dose schedule are ongoing, we interviewed immunisation programme managers and advisors in low and middle-income countries (LMIC) about a hypothetical, future reduction in the HPV vaccine schedule. METHODS: We conducted semi-structured interviews with LMIC immunisation programme managers and national immunisation technical advisory group members (key informants; KIs) in 2017, recruited for their knowledge/experience in national HPV vaccine policy and provision...
October 21, 2018: Papillomavirus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30297123/the-roles-of-neighborhood-composition-and-autism-prevalence-on-vaccination-exemption-pockets-a-population-wide-study
#7
Ashley Gromis, Kayuet Liu
The number of children entering schools without mandated vaccinations has increased in high-income countries due to the rise of nonmedical exemptions from school vaccination requirements. Herd immunity is threatened when unvaccinated children are concentrated in spatial pockets. Despite the role of vaccine-autism controversy in the current wave of the anti-vaccine movement, we do not know if exemption clusters are associated with local autism rates; it is often assumed that these clusters are merely the result of sociodemographic composition...
October 5, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30228713/how-do-we-approach-anti-vaccination-attitudes
#8
EDITORIAL
Christopher A Swingle
There are many things that, as physicians, we universally take for granted. One does not need a background in medical statistics to understand that seat belts save lives and reduce injuries in car accidents. Nor do you need to have an epidemiology degree to know that tobacco smoking is causative for lung cancer. At some point in your undergraduate classes, you almost certainly heard the story of Edward Jenner, the milkmaids, and the resulting smallpox vaccine. Thanks to Dr. Jonas Salk, a true hero of the 20th Century, the last U...
May 2018: Missouri Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30199743/an-experimental-investigation-into-the-transmission-of-antivax-attitudes-using-a-fictional-health-controversy
#9
Ángel V Jiménez, Joseph M Stubbersfield, Jamshid J Tehrani
RATIONALE: Although vaccines are an invaluable weapon in combatting diseases, they are often surrounded by controversy. Vaccine controversies usually arise with the claims of some parents or doctors who link vaccines to harmful outcomes. These controversies often negatively affect vaccination coverage. OBJECTIVES: This experiment simulated a vaccine controversy to understand which content features of vaccination-related information are well transmitted and how this transmission affects vaccine intention...
August 30, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30186724/the-anti-vaccination-movement-a-regression-in-modern-medicine
#10
REVIEW
Azhar Hussain, Syed Ali, Madiha Ahmed, Sheharyar Hussain
There have been recent trends of parents in Western countries refusing to vaccinate their children due to numerous reasons and perceived fears. While opposition to vaccines is as old as the vaccines themselves, there has been a recent surge in the opposition to vaccines in general, specifically against the MMR (measles, mumps, and rubella) vaccine, most notably since the rise in prominence of the notorious British ex-physician, Andrew Wakefield, and his works. This has caused multiple measles outbreaks in Western countries where the measles virus was previously considered eliminated...
July 3, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30170633/representing-vaccine-misinformation-using-ontologies
#11
Muhammad Amith, Cui Tao
BACKGROUND: In this paper, we discuss the design and development of a formal ontology to describe misinformation about vaccines. Vaccine misinformation is one of the drivers leading to vaccine hesitancy in patients. While there are various levels of vaccine hesitancy to combat and specific interventions to address those levels, it is important to have tools that help researchers understand this problem. With an ontology, not only can we collect and analyze varied misunderstandings about vaccines, but we can also develop tools that can provide informatics solutions...
August 31, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Semantics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30084926/content-and-source-analysis-of-popular-tweets-following-a-recent-case-of-diphtheria-in-spain
#12
Talya Porat, Pablo Garaizar, Marta Ferrero, Hilary Jones, Mark Ashworth, Miguel A Vadillo
Background: Despite major progress in global vaccination coverage, immunization rates are falling, resulting in outbreaks of vaccine-preventable diseases. This study analyses content and source of the most popular tweets related to a recent case in Spain where an unvaccinated child contracted and later died from diphtheria. Understanding the characteristics of these tweets in the context of vaccination could inform efforts by health promotion professionals to increase their reach and impact...
July 31, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30056404/-why-are-preventive-vaccinations-still-required
#13
Hanna Czajka
Vaccinations in Poland and other industrialized countries have been in the firing line for more than two decades. Members of the "anti-vaccine movement" and alternative medicine supporters are openly reluctant to this form of preventing infectious diseases, however their arguments are not based on reliable medical data. Contrary to false theories, the threat of infectious diseases is not lower than in the past. What is more, it has escalated in recent years as a result of the increasing number of parents who avoid vaccinations...
2018: Developmental Period Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29966822/knowing-less-but-presuming-more-dunning-kruger-effects-and-the-endorsement-of-anti-vaccine-policy-attitudes
#14
Matthew Motta, Timothy Callaghan, Steven Sylvester
OBJECTIVE: Although the benefits of vaccines are widely recognized by medical experts, public opinion about vaccination policies is mixed. We analyze public opinion about vaccination policies to assess whether Dunning-Kruger effects can help to explain anti-vaccination policy attitudes. RATIONALE: People low in autism awareness - that is, the knowledge of basic facts and dismissal of misinformation about autism - should be the most likely to think that they are better informed than medical experts about the causes of autism (a Dunning-Kruger effect)...
August 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29961465/post-truth-era-and-cardiology-after-orbita-before-cabana
#15
EDITORIAL
Ozcan Ozeke, Serkan Cay, Firat Ozcan, Serkan Topaloglu, Dursun Aras
The evidence-based medicine is rooted in the scientific truth. Oxford Dictionaries has released its 2016 word of the year: "Post-truth," which they define as "relating to or denoting circumstances in which objective facts are less influential in shaping public opinion than appeals to emotion and personal belief". In everything from climate change denial to the anti-vaccine movement, we're seeing the consequences of a failure to engage with scientific evidence. Fake news and post-truth pronouncements are increasingly common in social media and political era and are unfortunately also progressively being applied to the medical science...
May 2018: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29945834/tailoring-immunisation-programmes-using-behavioural-insights-to-identify-barriers-and-enablers-to-childhood-immunisations-in-a-jewish-community-in-london-uk
#16
Louise Letley, Vanessa Rew, Rehana Ahmed, Katrine Bach Habersaat, Pauline Paterson, Tracey Chantler, Maria Saavedra-Campos, Robb Butler
INTRODUCTION: Due to regular vaccine preventable disease outbreaks and sub-optimal immunisation uptake in the London borough of Hackney, home to the largest Charedi Orthodox Jewish community in Europe, it was decided, in consultation with the community, to implement the WHO Tailoring Immunization Programmes approach (TIP). DESIGN: The WHO Tailoring Immunization Programmes (TIP) approach was used. TIP provides a framework based on behavioural insights methodology to identify populations susceptible to vaccine preventable diseases, diagnose supply and demand side barriers and enablers to vaccination and recommend evidence-informed responses to improve vaccination coverage...
July 25, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29929544/brief-report-parental-attitudes-and-knowledge-on-routine-childhood-immunization-an-experience-from-central-sri-lanka
#17
N C Herath, T Kudagammana, T T Sanathchandra, H K Gamage, I M Razik, V Liynapathirana
OBJECTIVES: A lack of correct awareness about immunization among parents put them at risk of falling prey to the anti-vaccine movement. This risk is present even in countries with a high vaccine uptake. This study was done with the objective of assessing the awareness of parents childhood vaccination. RESULTS: In this study conducted among 141 parents accompanying children to a routine clinic we found that 53.2% of the participants had average or above average knowledge...
June 22, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921491/lessons-from-an-online-vaccine-communication-project
#18
Gary Finnegan, Daphne Holt, Peter M English, Steffen Glismann, Angus Thomson, David M Salisbury, Hugues Bogaerts, Paolo Bonanni
Most members of the general public use the internet to research health topics. However, the quality of vaccine-related material available online is mixed and internet search engines often bring web users to low-quality anti-vaccine websites. We present a case study of a pro-vaccine information hub launched in 2011. Vaccines Today provides high-quality information about vaccines and diseases, expert interviews, answers to frequently asked questions, parent/patient stories and videos/infographics. Twitter, Facebook, YouTube and Instagram are used to share this content and to engage with various online audiences...
October 22, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898770/mandatory-vaccinations-in-european-countries-undocumented-information-false-news-and-the-impact-on-vaccination-uptake-the-position-of-the-italian-pediatric-society
#19
REVIEW
Elena Bozzola, Giulia Spina, Rocco Russo, Mauro Bozzola, Giovanni Corsello, Alberto Villani
BACKGROUND: High rates of vaccination coverage are important in preventing infectious diseases. Enforcing mandatory vaccinations is one of the strategies that some Countries adopted to protect the community when vaccination coverage is not satisfactory. In Italy, in 2017 vaccination against diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, hepatitis B, poliovirus, Haemophilus influenzae type b, measles, mumps, rubella and varicella became compulsory in childhood. In order to contrast vaccination policies, anti-vaccination campaigns contribute to the spread of fake news...
June 14, 2018: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29862370/a-qualitative-analysis-of-the-beliefs-of-japanese-anti-influenza-vaccination-website-authors
#20
Tsuyoshi Okuhara, Hirono Ishikawa, Mio Kato, Masafumi Okada, Takahiro Kiuchi
Background: Influenza vaccine coverage among the Japanese population is less than optimal. Anti-vaccination sentiment exists worldwide, and Japan is no exception. Anti-influenza vaccination activists argue on the internet that influenza vaccine has little or no efficacy and a high risk of side effects, and they warn that people should forgo vaccination. We conducted a qualitative analysis to explore beliefs underlying the messages of anti-influenza vaccination websites, by focusing on the perceived value these beliefs provide to those who hold them...
April 2018: Heliyon
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