Read by QxMD icon Read


Ashley Gromis, Kayuet Liu
The number of children entering schools without mandated vaccinations has increased in high-income countries due to the rise of nonmedical exemptions from school vaccination requirements. Herd immunity is threatened when unvaccinated children are concentrated in spatial pockets. Despite the role of vaccine-autism controversy in the current wave of the anti-vaccine movement, we do not know if exemption clusters are associated with local autism rates; it is often assumed that these clusters are merely the result of sociodemographic composition...
October 5, 2018: Vaccine
Christopher A Swingle
There are many things that, as physicians, we universally take for granted. One does not need a background in medical statistics to understand that seat belts save lives and reduce injuries in car accidents. Nor do you need to have an epidemiology degree to know that tobacco smoking is causative for lung cancer. At some point in your undergraduate classes, you almost certainly heard the story of Edward Jenner, the milkmaids, and the resulting smallpox vaccine. Thanks to Dr. Jonas Salk, a true hero of the 20th Century, the last U...
May 2018: Missouri Medicine
Ángel V Jiménez, Joseph M Stubbersfield, Jamshid J Tehrani
RATIONALE: Although vaccines are an invaluable weapon in combatting diseases, they are often surrounded by controversy. Vaccine controversies usually arise with the claims of some parents or doctors who link vaccines to harmful outcomes. These controversies often negatively affect vaccination coverage. OBJECTIVES: This experiment simulated a vaccine controversy to understand which content features of vaccination-related information are well transmitted and how this transmission affects vaccine intention...
August 30, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
Azhar Hussain, Syed Ali, Madiha Ahmed, Sheharyar Hussain
There have been recent trends of parents in Western countries refusing to vaccinate their children due to numerous reasons and perceived fears. While opposition to vaccines is as old as the vaccines themselves, there has been a recent surge in the opposition to vaccines in general, specifically against the MMR (measles, mumps, and rubella) vaccine, most notably since the rise in prominence of the notorious British ex-physician, Andrew Wakefield, and his works. This has caused multiple measles outbreaks in Western countries where the measles virus was previously considered eliminated...
July 3, 2018: Curēus
Muhammad Amith, Cui Tao
BACKGROUND: In this paper, we discuss the design and development of a formal ontology to describe misinformation about vaccines. Vaccine misinformation is one of the drivers leading to vaccine hesitancy in patients. While there are various levels of vaccine hesitancy to combat and specific interventions to address those levels, it is important to have tools that help researchers understand this problem. With an ontology, not only can we collect and analyze varied misunderstandings about vaccines, but we can also develop tools that can provide informatics solutions...
August 31, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Semantics
Talya Porat, Pablo Garaizar, Marta Ferrero, Hilary Jones, Mark Ashworth, Miguel A Vadillo
Background: Despite major progress in global vaccination coverage, immunization rates are falling, resulting in outbreaks of vaccine-preventable diseases. This study analyses content and source of the most popular tweets related to a recent case in Spain where an unvaccinated child contracted and later died from diphtheria. Understanding the characteristics of these tweets in the context of vaccination could inform efforts by health promotion professionals to increase their reach and impact...
July 31, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Hanna Czajka
Vaccinations in Poland and other industrialized countries have been in the firing line for more than two decades. Members of the "anti-vaccine movement" and alternative medicine supporters are openly reluctant to this form of preventing infectious diseases, however their arguments are not based on reliable medical data. Contrary to false theories, the threat of infectious diseases is not lower than in the past. What is more, it has escalated in recent years as a result of the increasing number of parents who avoid vaccinations...
2018: Developmental Period Medicine
Matthew Motta, Timothy Callaghan, Steven Sylvester
OBJECTIVE: Although the benefits of vaccines are widely recognized by medical experts, public opinion about vaccination policies is mixed. We analyze public opinion about vaccination policies to assess whether Dunning-Kruger effects can help to explain anti-vaccination policy attitudes. RATIONALE: People low in autism awareness - that is, the knowledge of basic facts and dismissal of misinformation about autism - should be the most likely to think that they are better informed than medical experts about the causes of autism (a Dunning-Kruger effect)...
August 2018: Social Science & Medicine
Ozcan Ozeke, Serkan Cay, Firat Ozcan, Serkan Topaloglu, Dursun Aras
The evidence-based medicine is rooted in the scientific truth. Oxford Dictionaries has released its 2016 word of the year: "Post-truth," which they define as "relating to or denoting circumstances in which objective facts are less influential in shaping public opinion than appeals to emotion and personal belief". In everything from climate change denial to the anti-vaccine movement, we're seeing the consequences of a failure to engage with scientific evidence. Fake news and post-truth pronouncements are increasingly common in social media and political era and are unfortunately also progressively being applied to the medical science...
May 2018: Indian Heart Journal
Louise Letley, Vanessa Rew, Rehana Ahmed, Katrine Bach Habersaat, Pauline Paterson, Tracey Chantler, Maria Saavedra-Campos, Robb Butler
INTRODUCTION: Due to regular vaccine preventable disease outbreaks and sub-optimal immunisation uptake in the London borough of Hackney, home to the largest Charedi Orthodox Jewish community in Europe, it was decided, in consultation with the community, to implement the WHO Tailoring Immunization Programmes approach (TIP). DESIGN: The WHO Tailoring Immunization Programmes (TIP) approach was used. TIP provides a framework based on behavioural insights methodology to identify populations susceptible to vaccine preventable diseases, diagnose supply and demand side barriers and enablers to vaccination and recommend evidence-informed responses to improve vaccination coverage...
July 25, 2018: Vaccine
N C Herath, T Kudagammana, T T Sanathchandra, H K Gamage, I M Razik, V Liynapathirana
OBJECTIVES: A lack of correct awareness about immunization among parents put them at risk of falling prey to the anti-vaccine movement. This risk is present even in countries with a high vaccine uptake. This study was done with the objective of assessing the awareness of parents childhood vaccination. RESULTS: In this study conducted among 141 parents accompanying children to a routine clinic we found that 53.2% of the participants had average or above average knowledge...
June 22, 2018: BMC Research Notes
Gary Finnegan, Daphne Holt, Peter M English, Steffen Glismann, Angus Thomson, David M Salisbury, Hugues Bogaerts, Paolo Bonanni
Most members of the general public use the internet to research health topics. However, the quality of vaccine-related material available online is mixed and internet search engines often bring web users to low-quality anti-vaccine websites. We present a case study of a pro-vaccine information hub launched in 2011. Vaccines Today provides high-quality information about vaccines and diseases, expert interviews, answers to frequently asked questions, parent/patient stories and videos/infographics. Twitter, Facebook, YouTube and Instagram are used to share this content and to engage with various online audiences...
June 16, 2018: Vaccine
Elena Bozzola, Giulia Spina, Rocco Russo, Mauro Bozzola, Giovanni Corsello, Alberto Villani
BACKGROUND: High rates of vaccination coverage are important in preventing infectious diseases. Enforcing mandatory vaccinations is one of the strategies that some Countries adopted to protect the community when vaccination coverage is not satisfactory. In Italy, in 2017 vaccination against diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, hepatitis B, poliovirus, Haemophilus influenzae type b, measles, mumps, rubella and varicella became compulsory in childhood. In order to contrast vaccination policies, anti-vaccination campaigns contribute to the spread of fake news...
June 14, 2018: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
Tsuyoshi Okuhara, Hirono Ishikawa, Mio Kato, Masafumi Okada, Takahiro Kiuchi
Background: Influenza vaccine coverage among the Japanese population is less than optimal. Anti-vaccination sentiment exists worldwide, and Japan is no exception. Anti-influenza vaccination activists argue on the internet that influenza vaccine has little or no efficacy and a high risk of side effects, and they warn that people should forgo vaccination. We conducted a qualitative analysis to explore beliefs underlying the messages of anti-influenza vaccination websites, by focusing on the perceived value these beliefs provide to those who hold them...
April 2018: Heliyon
Ana Lucía Schmidt, Fabiana Zollo, Antonio Scala, Cornelia Betsch, Walter Quattrociocchi
BACKGROUND: Vaccine hesitancy has been recognized as a major global health threat. Having access to any type of information in social media has been suggested as a potential influence on the growth of anti-vaccination groups. Recent studies w.r.t. other topics than vaccination show that access to a wide amount of content through the Internet without intermediaries resolved into major segregation of the users in polarized groups. Users select information adhering to theirs system of beliefs and tend to ignore dissenting information...
June 14, 2018: Vaccine
M R Gualano, F Bert, G Voglino, E Buttinelli, M M D'Errico, C De Waure, P Di Giovanni, M P Fantini, A R Giuliani, M Marranzano, G Masanotti, A Massimi, N Nante, F Pennino, R Squeri, A Stefanati, C Signorelli, R Siliquini
BACKGROUND: Vaccine hesitancy is a considerable issue in European countries and leads to low coverage rates. After a long debate, Italy has made vaccination mandatory for admission to its schools. METHODS: In the NAVIDAD study (a cross-sectional multicentre study), a 63-item questionnaire was administered to 1820 pregnant women from 15 Italian cities. The questionnaire assessed the interviewee's opinion on mandatory vaccines, as well as their socioeconomic status, sources of information about vaccines, confidence in the Italian National Healthcare Service (NHS), and intention to vaccinate their newborn...
May 31, 2018: Vaccine
F Chirico
In Italy, the Parliament granted recently the final approval to a law introducing a long list of childhood vaccinations mandatory for preschool and school-age children. Before the approval, a vibrant public debate took place on the traditional media, in the social networks and among policymakers because of the so called "anti-vaccination movement". In this paper, we discuss about ethical aspects and relationship between individual rights and public health. The role of social networks and the Internet is also essential to disseminate correct informations, influencing health behaviours and contributing to educating people about this major public health issue in a right way...
May 2018: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
Tsuyoshi Okuhara, Hirono Ishikawa, Masafumi Okada, Mio Kato, Takahiro Kiuchi
Anti-vaccination sentiment exists worldwide and Japan is no exception. Health professionals publish pro-influenza vaccination messages online to encourage proactive seeking of influenza vaccination. However, influenza vaccine coverage among the Japanese population is less than optimal. The contents of pro- and anti-influenza vaccination websites may contribute to readers' acceptance of one or the other position. We aimed to use a text-mining method to examine frequently appearing content on websites for and against influenza vaccination...
March 23, 2018: Health Promotion International
Marta Paterlini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 13, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Catherine L King, Maria Y K Chow, Kerrie E Wiley, Julie Leask
BACKGROUND: Effective public health messaging is essential in both the planning phase and duration of a pandemic. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to gain an understanding of parental information seeking, trusted sources and needs in relation to pandemic influenza A 2009 (pH1N1) to inform future policy planning and resource development. PATIENTS/METHODS: We conducted a mixed methods study; parents from 16 childcare centres in Sydney, Australia, were surveyed between 16 November and 9 December 2009, and interviews were conducted with participants from six childcare centres between June 2009 and May 2011...
July 2018: Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"