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helicopter emergency medical system

Julia Ausserer, Elizabeth Moritz, Matthias Stroehle, Hermann Brugger, Giacomo Strapazzon, Simon Rauch, Peter Mair
INTRODUCTION: In remote and mountainous areas, helicopter emergency medical systems (HEMS) are used to expedite evacuation and provide pre-hospital advanced trauma life support (ATLS) in major trauma victims. Aim of the study was to investigate feasibility of ATLS in HEMS mountain rescue missions and its influence on patient condition at hospital admission. PATIENTS: 58 major trauma victims (Injury Severity Score ≥16), evacuated by physician staffed HEMS from remote and mountainous areas in the State of Tyrol, Austria between 1...
September 8, 2016: Injury
Nicole Powell-Dunford, Jose F Quesada, Kirby R Gross, Stacy A Shackelford
BACKGROUND: Identify challenges and best practices in the development of an austere air ambulance transfusion program. METHODS: A search of PubMed using combinations of the key terms 'prehospital,' 'blood product,' 'red blood cells,' 'damage control resuscitation,' 'transfusion,' 'air ambulance,' 'medical evacuation,' and 'medevac' yielded 196 articles for further analysis, with 14 articles suitable for addressing the background of prehospital transfusion within a helicopter...
August 2016: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
Susan R Wilcox, Michael Ries, Ted A Bouthiller, E Dean Berry, Travis L Dowdy, Sharon DeGrace
Critical care transport (CCT) teams are specialized transport services, comprised of highly trained paramedics, nurses, and occasionally respiratory therapists, offering an expanded scope of practice beyond advanced life support (ALS) emergency medical service teams. We report 4 cases of patients with severe acute respiratory distress syndrome from influenza in need of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation evaluation at a tertiary care center, transported by ground. Our medical center did not previously have a ground CCT service, and therefore, in these cases, a physician and/or a respiratory therapist was sent with the paramedic team...
September 13, 2016: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Kyoungwon Jung, Yo Huh, John Cj Lee, Younghwan Kim, Jonghwan Moon, Seok Hwa Youn, Jiyoung Kim, Tea Youn Kim, Juryang Kim, Hyoju Kim
The aim of this study was to investigate the efficiency of domestic physician-staffed helicopter emergency medical service (HEMS) for the transport of patients with severe trauma to a hospital. The study included patients with blunt trauma who were transported to our hospital by physician-staffed HEMS (Group P; n = 100) or nonphysician-staffed HEMS (Group NP; n = 80). Basic patient characteristics, transport time, treatment procedures, and medical treatment outcomes assessed using the Trauma and Injury Severity Score (TRISS) were compared between groups...
October 2016: Journal of Korean Medical Science
Alan A Garner, Anna Lee, Andrew Weatherall, Mary Langcake, Zsolt J Balogh
BACKGROUND: Severely injured children may have better outcomes when transported directly to a Paediatric Trauma Centre (PTC). A case identification system using the crew of a physician staffed helicopter emergency medical service (P-HEMS) that identified severely injured children for P-HEMS dispatch was previously associated with high rates of direct transfer. It was theorised that discontinuation of this system may have resulted in deterioration of system performance. METHODS: Severe paediatric trauma cases were identified from a state based trauma registry over two time periods...
2016: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
Jo Røislien, Pieter L van den Berg, Thomas Lindner, Erik Zakariassen, Karen Aardal, J Theresia van Essen
BACKGROUND: Helicopter emergency medical services are an important part of many healthcare systems. Norway has a nationwide physician staffed air ambulance service with 12 bases servicing a country with large geographical variations in population density. The aim of the study was to estimate optimal air ambulance base locations. METHODS: We used high resolution population data for Norway from 2015, dividing Norway into >300 000 1 km×1 km cells. Inhabited cells had a median (5-95 percentile) of 13 (1-391) inhabitants...
June 20, 2016: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
John W Hafner, Blake W Perkins, Joshua D Korosac, Alayna K Bucher, Jean C Aldag, Kelly L Cox
OBJECTIVE: This study attempts to determine if newer indirect laryngoscopes or intubating devices are superior to a standard laryngoscope for intubation success among helicopter emergency medical service (HEMS) personnel. METHODS: Flight nurses and paramedics intubated standardized mannequins with a normal airway, a trauma airway, and a difficult airway using a standard laryngoscope, a gum elastic bougie, the Airtraq laryngoscope (King System Corp, Noblesville, IN), the Glidescope Ranger laryngoscope (Verathon Inc, Bothell, WA), and the S...
May 2016: Air Medical Journal
Alyssa Karl, Tiffany Pham, Jeff D Yanosky, Jeffrey Lubin
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Some helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS) maintain an independent supply of blood for use during transport, although practice is variable and not well described. We aimed to characterize the blood-carrying practices by HEMS programs across the United States. METHODS: Online surveys were sent to the leadership of the 261 HEMS programs nationwide listed in the 2011 Atlas and Database of Air Medical Services (ADAMS) database. We examined blood-carrying practices in aggregate, including typical transport time, proportion of scene transports, and local population density...
May 23, 2016: Prehospital Emergency Care
M Stuhr, D Dethleff, N Weinrich, M Nielsen, D Hory, B Kowald, K Seide, T Kerner, C Nau, C Jürgens
Offshore windfarms are constructed in the German North and Baltic Seas. The off-coast remoteness of the windfarms, particular environmental conditions, limitations in offshore structure access, working in heights and depths, and the vast extent of the offshore windfarms cause significant challenges for offshore rescue. Emergency response systems comparable to onshore procedures are not fully established yet. Further, rescue from offshore windfarms is not part of the duty of the German Maritime Search and Rescue Organization or SAR-Services due to statute and mandate reasons...
May 2016: Der Anaesthesist
Kenneth Stewart, Tabitha Garwe, Naresh Bhandari, Brandon Danford, Roxie Albrecht
OBJECTIVE: A review of the literature yielded little information regarding factors associated with the decision to use ground (GEMS) or helicopter (HEMS) emergency medical services for trauma patients transferred inter-facility. Furthermore, studies evaluating the impact of inter-facility transport mode on mortality have reported mixed findings. Since HEMS transport is generally reserved for more severely injured patients, this introduces indication bias, which may explain the mixed findings...
September 2016: Prehospital Emergency Care
Carlo Bellini, Francesco M Risso, Andrea Sannia, Francesco Campone, Cristina Traggiai, Luca A Ramenghi
Our article focuses on a retrospective analysis of the occurrence of accidents relating to 20 years of activity of Neonatal Emergency Transport Service (NETS) in Liguria region, Italy. The objective of this study is to determine the vehicle accident rate for a specialized emergency medical services-NETS transport system between 1995 and 2015. We reviewed 5035 medical records related to the activity of our NETS from its beginning, in February 1995 to June 2015. We identified the occurrence of three road accidents (rate ∼1 : 1600 transports; 1 : 170 000 driven km), no helicopter accidents and only one technical problem during helicopter use; our service was not involved in any crashes resulting in injury...
March 2, 2016: European Journal of Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine
Seizan Tanabe
It is necessary to treat the patient from the site of the emergency to raise a lifesaving rate of the patient. As a prime example would be out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. Once you start the treatment after hospital arrival, cardiac arrest patient can't be life-saving. It is necessary to start the chest compression, etc. from the site of the emergency. Medical care to be carried out on the scene of emergency is the pre-hospital care. In recent years, improvement of the pre-hospital care is remarkable in Japan...
February 2016: Nihon Rinsho. Japanese Journal of Clinical Medicine
Jeremiah Fleming, Christopher F Hutton, Donna M Heiser, Scott Youngquist, Kevin C Hutton, Erik D Barton
OBJECTIVE: Traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) impacts quality of life for patients and caregivers, generating lifetime costs in the millions. Previous studies show delayed treatment of SCI patients at specialized centers is linked to complicated outcomes and extended hospitalizations. This study characterizes helicopter emergency medical service (HEMS) use in SCI and develops a methodology to study large volumes of HEMS electronic medical record data from multiple providers. METHODS: This descriptive study used deidentified data of HEMS providers that use Golden Hour Data Systems, Inc (San Diego, CA) software service from 34 states in the United States from 2004 to 2011...
January 2016: Air Medical Journal
Hiromichi Naito, Francis X Guyette, Christian Martin-Gill, Clifton W Callaway
OBJECTIVES: Video laryngoscopy (VL) is a technical adjunct to facilitate endotracheal intubation (ETI). VL also provides objective data for training and quality improvement, allowing evaluation of the technique and airway conditions during ETI. Previous studies of factors associated with ETI success or failure are limited by insufficient nomenclature, individual recall bias and self-report. We tested whether the covariates in prehospital VL recorded data were associated with ETI success...
May 2016: Prehospital Emergency Care
Hisashi Matsumoto, Kunihiro Mashiko, Yoshiaki Hara, Takanori Yagi, Kazuyuki Hayashida, Kazuki Mashiko, Nobuyuki Saito, Hiroaki Iida, Tomokazu Motomura, Hiroshi Yasumatsu, Daisuke Kameyama, Atsushi Hirabayashi, Hiroyuki Yokota, Hirotoshi Ishikawa, Takaji Kunimatsu
BACKGROUND: Advanced automatic collision notification (AACN) is a system for predicting occupant injury from collision information. If the helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS) physician can be alerted by AACN, it may be possible to reduce the time to patient contact. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to validate the feasibility of early HEMS dispatch via AACN. METHODS: A full-scale validation study was conducted. A car equipped with AACN was made to collide with a wall...
March 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Vincent DeGennaro, Jordan Owen, Jerry Chandler, Ralph McDaniel
Critical-care helicopter transport has demonstrated improvements in morbidity and mortality to those patients who utilise the service, but this has largely excluded developing country populations due to set up costs. Haiti Air Ambulance is the first completely publicly-available helicopter ambulance service in a developing country. US standards were adopted for both aviation and aeromedical care in Haiti due to proximity and relationships. In order to implement properly, standards for aviation, critical care, and insurance reimbursement had to be put in place with local authorities...
May 2016: Injury
Rebecca Maria Hasler, Sascha Albrecht, Aristomenis Konstantinos Exadaktylos, Roland Albrecht
QUESTIONS UNDER STUDY: Many persons are travelling all over the world; the elderly with pre-existing diseases also travel to places with less developed health systems. Reportedly, fewer than 0.5% of all travellers need repatriation. We aimed to analyse and examine people who are injured or ill while abroad, where they travelled to and by what means they were repatriated. METHODS: Retrospective cross-sectional study with adult patients repatriated to a single level 1 trauma centre in Switzerland (2000-2011)...
2015: Swiss Medical Weekly
Alan A Garner, Claire L Barker, Andrew D Weatherall
BACKGROUND: Drowning patients may benefit from the advanced airway management capabilities that can be provided by physician staffed helicopter emergency medical services. The aim of this study is to describe paediatric drowning patients treated by such a service examining tasking systems, initial physiology at the incident scene, survival and neurological outcome. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of paediatric drowning victims over a 5- year period. Case identification system, patient age, site of drowning, presence or absence of cardiac output, first Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score and interventions were collected from prehospital notes, and survival and neurological outcomes from hospital and rehabilitation notes...
2015: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
I M Zhdanko, A A Vorona, V V Lapa, M N Khomenko
The article is devoted to the history of the Research Test Center Aviation and Space Medicine and military ergonomics, now included in the Central Research Institute of the Air Force Defense Ministry. The center throughout 80 years history is a leding research organization in the country for the integrated study of the human factor in aviation and problems connected with it. The world-famous scientific schools in aviation physiology, hygiene and radiolorgy, emergency medicine, aviation psychology and ergonomics have been grounded on the basis of this center...
March 2015: Voenno-medit︠s︡inskiĭ Zhurnal
Jon Mark Hirshon, Samuel M Galvagno, Angela Comer, Michael G Millin, Douglas J Floccare, Richard L Alcorta, Benjamin J Lawner, Asa M Margolis, Jose V Nable, Robert R Bass
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Helicopter emergency medical services (EMS) has become a well-established component of modern trauma systems. It is an expensive, limited resource with potential safety concerns. Helicopter EMS activation criteria intended to increase efficiency and reduce inappropriate use remain elusive and difficult to measure. This study evaluates the effect of statewide field trauma triage changes on helicopter EMS use and patient outcomes. METHODS: Data were extracted from the helicopter EMS computer-aided dispatch database for in-state scene flights and from the state Trauma Registry for all trauma patients directly admitted from the scene or transferred to trauma centers from July 1, 2000, to June 30, 2011...
March 2016: Annals of Emergency Medicine
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