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Adolescent psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29932280/olanzapine-for-chemotherapy-induced-nausea-lessons-learned-from-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry
#1
Chase Samsel, Julia Kearney, Amy L Meadows, Annah Abrams, Jeremy M Hirst, Anna C Muriel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 22, 2018: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923264/the-optimistic-brain-trait-optimism-mediates-the-influence-of-resting-state-brain-activity-and-connectivity-on-anxiety-in-late-adolescence
#2
Song Wang, Yajun Zhao, Bochao Cheng, Xiuli Wang, Xun Yang, Taolin Chen, Xueling Suo, Qiyong Gong
As a hot research topic in the field of psychology and psychiatry, trait optimism reflects the tendency to expect positive outcomes in the future. Consistent evidence has demonstrated the role of trait optimism in reducing anxiety among different populations. However, less is known about the neural bases of trait optimism and the underlying mechanisms for how trait optimism protects against anxiety in the healthy brain. In this investigation, we examined these issues in 231 healthy adolescent students by assessing resting-state brain activity (i...
June 19, 2018: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912093/texting-as-a-means-of-reducing-pediatric-adolescent-psychiatric-emergency-encounters-wait-times
#3
Carissa van den Berk-Clark, Rachel Hughes, Sally Haywood, Bart Andrews, Peggy Gordin
RATIONALE: There is no universal system to facilitate communication between emergency rooms (ERs) and pediatric mental health providers, which leads to long wait times. This project tested the concept that a group texting application (GroupMe) could improve communication between providers and could reduce wait times by allowing frontline workers to contact multiple providers simultaneously. METHODS: We compared total wait times or overall length of service of 906 ER encounters before and 921 encounters after the GroupMe texting application was implemented...
June 14, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902989/adversities-and-mental-health-needs-of-pregnant-adolescents-in-kenya-identifying-interpersonal-practical-and-cultural-barriers-to-care
#4
Judith Osok, Pius Kigamwa, Keng-Yen Huang, Nancy Grote, Manasi Kumar
BACKGROUND: Adolescent pregnancies present a great public health burden in Kenya and Sub-Saharan Africa (UNFPA, Motherhood in Childhood: Facing the challenge of Adolescent Pregnancy, 2013). The disenfranchisement from public institutions and services is further compounded by cultural stigma and gender inequality creating emotional, psychosocial, health, and educational problems in the lives of vulnerable pregnant adolescents (Int J Adolesc Med Health 15(4):321-9, 2003; BMC Public Health 8:83, 2008)...
June 15, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886042/prevalence-of-rearrangements-in-the-22q11-2-region-and-population-based-risk-of-neuropsychiatric-and-developmental-disorders-in-a-danish-population-a-case-cohort-study
#5
Line Olsen, Thomas Sparsø, Shantel M Weinsheimer, Marcelo Bertalan Quintanilha Dos Santos, Wiktor Mazin, Anders Rosengren, Xabier Calle Sanchez, Louise K Hoeffding, Henriette Schmock, Marie Baekvad-Hansen, Jonas Bybjerg-Grauholm, Mark J Daly, Benjamin M Neale, Marianne G Pedersen, Esben Agerbo, Ole Mors, Anders Børglum, Merete Nordentoft, David M Hougaard, Preben Bo Mortensen, Daniel H Geschwind, Carsten Pedersen, Wesley K Thompson, Thomas Werge
BACKGROUND: Although the pathogenic nature of copy number variants (CNVs) on chromosome 22q11.2 has been recognised for decades, unbiased estimates of their population prevalence, mortality, disease risks, and diagnostic trajectories are absent. We aimed to provide the true population prevalence of 22q11.2 CNVs and associated trajectory of disease risk and mortality by use of the unbiased, representative Danish iPSYCH population case cohort. METHODS: This case-cohort study was done on a population of 86 189 individuals selected from the iPSYCH case cohort of 1 472 762 singletons born in Denmark between May 1, 1981, and Dec 31, 2005, who have a known mother from the Danish Civil Registration System, were residents in Denmark at 1 year of age, and enrolled in the iPSYCH Initiative...
June 6, 2018: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29866707/does-the-uk-medical-education-provide-doctors-with-sufficient-skills-and-knowledge-to-manage-patients-with-eating-disorders-safely
#6
Agnes Ayton, Ali Ibrahim
BACKGROUND: Eating disorders affect 1%-4% of the population and they are associated with an increased rate of mortality and multimorbidity. Following the avoidable deaths of three people the parliamentary ombudsman called for a review of training for all junior doctors to improve patient safety. OBJECTIVE: To review the teaching and assessment relating to eating disorders at all levels of medical training in the UK. METHOD: We surveyed all the UK medical schools about their curricula, teaching and examinations related to eating disorders in 2017...
June 4, 2018: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789775/pathological-internet-use-an-important-comorbidity-in-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-prevalence-and-correlation-patterns-in-a-naturalistic-sample-of-adolescent-inpatients
#7
Martin Fuchs, David Riedl, Astrid Bock, Gerhard Rumpold, Kathrin Sevecke
Background: Few studies have examined the prevalence of problematic internet use (PIU) in young people undergoing inpatient treatment in child and adolescent psychiatry centers. The aims of our study were thus (a) to assess the frequency of comorbid PIU in a sample of adolescent psychiatric inpatients and compare it with a control group of nonreferred adolescents and (b) to gain insights into correlations between PIU and psychiatric comorbidities. Methods: 111 child and adolescent psychiatry inpatients (CAP-IP, mean age 15...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774515/eating-disorder-or-oesophageal-achalasia-during-adolescence-diagnostic-difficulties
#8
REVIEW
Aurélie Letranchant, Bénédicte Pigneur, Martine Flament, Nathalie Godart
Marine was a fourteen and a half-year-old adolescent female hospitalized for an eating disorder (ED) of the anorexic type with purging behaviors. She has had a complicated life course, made up of disruptions and discontinuities, both family and school. Since the age of five, Marine had been intermittently treated in psychiatry for a diagnosis of oppositional defiant disorder. The current illness started with spontaneous and induced vomiting associated with major weight loss (body mass index, 15.27 kg m-2 )...
May 17, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766479/-n-of-1-trials-in-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-a-closer-look-at-stimulants
#9
E Mordijck, M Danckaerts, P Onghena
BACKGROUND: An N-of-1 trial is a clinical trial studying the response of an individual to a particular intervention or different interventions in an objective, systematic way. AIM: To evaluate both the applications and the methodology of N-of-1 trials in child and adolescent psychiatry. METHOD: A systematic review using PubMed and Embase assessing N-of-1 trials published during the period 1986 - July 2016 with the following key-word: 'N-of-1'...
2018: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766476/-admission-to-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-how-do-we-provide-for-the-right-to-a-confidential-advisor
#10
EDITORIAL
S Tremmery
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748736/long-term-social-skills-group-training-for-children-and-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Ulf Jonsson, Nora Choque Olsson, Christina Coco, Anders Görling, Oskar Flygare, Anna Råde, Qi Chen, Steve Berggren, Kristiina Tammimies, Sven Bölte
Social skills group training (SSGT) is widely used for intellectually able children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Previous studies indicate small to moderate effects on social communication capacities. The duration of most available programs is relatively short, and extended training might lead to further improvement. This randomized controlled trial compared an extended 24-week version of the SSGT program KONTAKT with standard care. The weekly sessions gradually shifted in content from acquisition of new skills to real-world application of the acquired skills...
May 10, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745436/a-theory-driven-investigation-of-the-association-between-emotion-dysregulation-and-suicide-risk-in-a-clinical-adolescent-sample
#12
Michael Eaddy, Lucas Zullo, Sarah E Horton, Jennifer L Hughes, Betsy Kennard, Andrew Diederich, Graham J Emslie, Lisa Schuster, Sunita M Stewart
OBJECTIVE: Emotion dysregulation has been consistently linked to suicide ideation and attempt, but an explanatory model for this relationship has not been adequately investigated in adolescents. This study examined the concurrent relationship among emotion dysregulation, variables from the Interpersonal-Psychological Theory of Suicide (IPTS), and suicide risk (operationalized as a continuous variable that increases in intensity from nonspecific to active suicide ideation to suicide ideation with a plan) in a clinical adolescent sample...
May 10, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741616/a-systematic-review-of-genome-wide-research-on-psychotic-experiences-and-negative-symptom-traits-new-revelations-and-implications-for-psychiatry
#13
Angelica Ronald, Oliver Pain
We present a systematic review of genome-wide research on psychotic experience and negative symptom traits (PENS) in the community. We integrate these new findings, most of which have emerged over the last four years, with more established behaviour genetic and epidemiological research. The review includes the first genome-wide association studies of PENS, including a recent meta-analysis, and the first SNP heritability estimates. Sample sizes of < 10,000 participants mean that no genome-wide significant variants have yet been replicated...
May 8, 2018: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728981/quality-of-life-and-satisfaction-with-inpatient-treatment-in-adolescents-with-psychiatric-disorders-a-comparison-between-patients-parents-and-caregivers-self-assessments-at-admission-and-discharge
#14
Petra Katzenschläger, Rainer Fliedl, Christian Popow, Michael Kundi
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to compare results of patients', parents', and caregivers' (nursing staff and educators) (self-)assessments of quality of life, treatment outcomes, and satisfaction with inpatient treatment in a child and adolescent psychiatric hospital. In addition, the investigation included a comparison between admission and discharge of the three investigated groups. METHODS: The study considered adolescents at the Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Hinterbruehl, along with their parents and caregivers...
May 4, 2018: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726757/-first-results-from-the-german-registry-for-child-and-adolescent-anorexia-nervosa-%C3%A2-the-german-journal-for-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-and-psychotherapy-s-young-talent-award-for-katharina-b%C3%A3-hren-and-manuel-f%C3%A3-cker
#15
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723033/adolescent-clinical-populations-and-associations-between-trauma-and-behavioral-and-emotional-problems
#16
Doyanne Darnell, Aaron Flaster, Karin Hendricks, Amanda Kerbrat, Katherine Anne Comtois
OBJECTIVE: Trauma exposure is common during childhood and adolescence and is associated with youth emotional and behavioral problems. The present study adds to the current literature on trauma exposure among adolescent clinical populations by examining the association between trauma exposure and adolescent self-report of emotional and behavioral problems broadly, including internalizing and externalizing symptoms, in addition to the trauma-specific symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)...
May 3, 2018: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717479/improving-socio-emotional-health-for-pupils-in-early-secondary-education-with-pyramid-a-school-based-early-intervention-model
#17
Michelle Jayman, Maddie Ohl, Bronach Hughes, Pauline Fox
BACKGROUND: Policymakers are focusing increased attention on the role of schools to promote and support children's mental health, and evidence-based models of good practice are in demand. Pyramid Club is a school-based, socio-emotional intervention, demonstrably effective with primary-aged pupils. AIMS: This study extends previous Pyramid Club evaluations by examining effectiveness with pupils in early secondary education; service users' perceptions and experiences were investigated to increase understanding of Pyramid's impact, thus supporting enhanced practice...
May 1, 2018: British Journal of Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706157/what-happens-to-disinhibited-social-engagement-disorder-over-time
#18
EDITORIAL
Helen Minnis
Disinhibited social engagement disorder (DSED) is one of the most intriguing syndromes in child and adolescent psychiatry but also one of the least understood. We know little about its developmental course in different groups of children, so I was delighted to see the incisive longitudinal work from the Bucharest Early Intervention Study by Guyon-Harris and colleagues.1 My own interest in DSED was sparked back in the early 1990s, when a travel bug had taken me to Guatemala and I had found a job in an orphanage...
May 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706154/the-journal-and-the-academy
#19
EDITORIAL
Douglas K Novins, Karen Dineen Wagner
Every issue of the Journal includes 2 pages between the front cover and the table of contents-1 that lists the editorial team, or masthead, who assess submissions and select content and another that lists the officers of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, the Journal's sponsoring society and owner. As noted in the policies of the World Association of Medical Editors.
May 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683375/-developmental-trauma-disorder-dtd-in-children-and-adolescents-results-from-a-patient-population-at-the-special-consultation-hour-for-traumatized-children-and-adolescents
#20
Franka Metzner, Kristina Dahm, Hertha Richter-Appelt, Silke Pawils, Miriam Juliane Moulaa-Edmondson, Kerstin Stellermann-Strehlow
Objective: Children and adolescents who have experienced interpersonal Type-II-trauma often develop symptoms going far beyond the Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Van der Kolk (2009) suggested the Developmental Trauma Disorder (DTD) to define the extensive symptomatology; however, research on DTD is limited. Method: Frequency and group differences of DTD were examined based on physicians’ letters of n = 161 patients between one and 18 years (61 % female) from an out-patient unit for traumatized patients at a paediatric and adolescent psychiatry...
April 23, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie und Psychotherapie
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