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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229349/joint-attention-and-the-social-phenotype-of-school-aged-children-with-asd
#1
Peter Mundy, Stephanie Novotny, Lindsey Swain-Lerro, Nancy McIntyre, Matt Zajic, Tasha Oswald
The validity of joint attention assessment in school-aged children with ASD is unclear (Lord, Jones, Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 53(5):490-509, 2012). This study examined the feasibility and validity of a parent-report measure of joint attention related behaviors in verbal children and adolescents with ASD. Fifty-two children with ASD and 34 controls were assessed with the Childhood Joint Attention Rating Scale (C-JARS). The C-JARS exhibited internally consistency, α = 0.88, and one factor explained 49% of the scale variance...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195316/structural-hierarchy-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-symptoms-an-integrative-framework
#2
Hyunsik Kim, Cara M Keifer, Craig Rodriguez-Seijas, Nicholas R Eaton, Matthew D Lerner, Kenneth D Gadow
BACKGROUND: In an attempt to resolve questions regarding the symptom classification of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), previous research generally aimed to demonstrate superiority of one model over another. Rather than adjudicating which model may be optimal, we propose an alternative approach that integrates competing models using Goldberg's bass-ackwards method, providing a comprehensive understanding of the underlying symptom structure of ASD. METHODS: The study sample comprised 3,825 individuals, consecutive referrals to a university hospital developmental disabilities specialty clinic or a child psychiatry outpatient clinic...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194528/prevention-in-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-are-we-there-yet
#3
EDITORIAL
Carmen Moreno
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 13, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184313/juvenile-delinquency-welfare-justice-and-therapeutic-interventions-a-global-perspective
#4
REVIEW
Susan Young, Ben Greer, Richard Church
This review considers juvenile delinquency and justice from an international perspective. Youth crime is a growing concern. Many young offenders are also victims with complex needs, leading to a public health approach that requires a balance of welfare and justice models. However, around the world there are variable and inadequate legal frameworks and a lack of a specialist workforce. The UK and other high-income countries worldwide have established forensic child and adolescent psychiatry, a multifaceted discipline incorporating legal, psychiatric and developmental fields...
February 2017: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184309/plans-hopes-and-ideas-for-mental-health
#5
EDITORIAL
John R Ashton
Mental health and the failings of the mental health services are in the spotlight as never before. Nowhere is this more apparent than in the often dire situation with regard to child and adolescent mental health. At the same time, there is a renewed interest in the scope for prevention of mental illness and distress, and in population approaches to mental well-being. It may come as a surprise to some that others have given such serious consideration to strategic approaches to public mental health as long ago as the 1950s...
February 2017: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167747/integrated-collaborative-care-teams-to-enhance-service-delivery-to-youth-with-mental-health-and-substance-use-challenges-protocol-for-a-pragmatic-randomised-controlled-trial
#6
Joanna L Henderson, Amy Cheung, Kristin Cleverley, Gloria Chaim, Myla E Moretti, Claire de Oliveira, Lisa D Hawke, Andrew R Willan, David O'Brien, Olivia Heffernan, Tyson Herzog, Lynn Courey, Heather McDonald, Enid Grant, Peter Szatmari
INTRODUCTION: Among youth, the prevalence of mental health and addiction (MHA) disorders is roughly 20%, yet youth are challenged to access evidence-based services in a timely fashion. To address MHA system gaps, this study tests the benefits of an Integrated Collaborative Care Team (ICCT) model for youth with MHA challenges. A rapid, stepped-care approach geared to need in a youth-friendly environment is expected to result in better youth MHA outcomes. Moreover, the ICCT approach is expected to decrease service wait-times, be more youth-friendly and family-friendly, and be more cost-effective, providing substantial public health benefits...
February 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141713/developmental-regression-depression-and-psychosocial-stress-in-an-adolescent-with-down-syndrome
#7
David S Stein, Kerim M Munir, Andrea J Karweck, Emily J Davidson, Martin T Stein
Kristen is a 13-year-old girl with Down syndrome (DS) who was seen urgently with concerns of cognitive and developmental regression including loss of language, social, and toileting skills. The evaluation in the DS clinic focused on potential medical diagnoses including atlantoaxial joint instability, vitamin deficiency, obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), and seizures. A comprehensive medical evaluation yielded only a finding of moderate OSA. A reactive depression was considered in association with several psychosocial factors including moving homes, entering puberty/onset of menses, and classroom change from an integrated setting to a self- contained classroom comprising unfamiliar peers with behavior challenges...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138202/treating-an-adolescent-with-long-qt-syndrome-for-bipolar-disorder-a-case-presentation
#8
Özlem Önen, Ayşe Kutlu, Handan Özek Erkuran
OBJECTIVES: Long QT syndrome (LQTS) is described as the development of sudden syncope attacks or death as a result of ventricular tachycardia (VT) episodes that might be observed as elongated QT interval in electrocardiography (ECG). Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator (ICD) is recommended as first-line treatment for the condition in guidelines. We aimed to present an adolescent recently diagnosed with Bipolar Disorder (BD) who had LQTS that was treated with ICD, discussing her follow up and treatment along with relevant literature...
January 26, 2017: Psychopharmacology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135816/the-youth-mood-clinic-an-innovative-service-for-the-treatment-of-severe-and-complex-depression
#9
Simon M Rice, Steve Halperin, Sara Cahill, Ingrid Cranston, Mark Phelan, Sarah E Hetrick, Simon Blaikie, Jane Edwards, John Koutsogiannis, Christopher G Davey
OBJECTIVE: Depression is the leading cause of disability for Australians from late adolescence through mid-adulthood, and effective treatments can positively impact subsequent life course trajectories. A treatment model for the management of complex youth depression, characterised by symptom severity, multi-morbidity and ongoing suicidality is presented. CONCLUSIONS: The Youth Mood Clinic (YMC) provides multidisciplinary, team-based treatment for young people aged 15-25 years...
January 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115738/glutamate-imaging-glucest-reveals-lower-brain-glucest-contrast-in-patients-on-the-psychosis-spectrum
#10
D R Roalf, R P R Nanga, P E Rupert, H Hariharan, M Quarmley, M E Calkins, E Dress, K Prabhakaran, M A Elliott, P J Moberg, R C Gur, R E Gur, R Reddy, B I Turetsky
Psychosis commonly develops in adolescence or early adulthood. Youths at clinical high risk (CHR) for psychosis exhibit similar, subtle symptoms to those with schizophrenia (SZ). Malfunctioning neurotransmitter systems, such as glutamate, are implicated in the disease progression of psychosis. Yet, in vivo imaging techniques for measuring glutamate across the cortex are limited. Here, we use a novel 7 Tesla MRI glutamate imaging technique (GluCEST) to estimate changes in glutamate levels across cortical and subcortical regions in young healthy individuals and ones on the psychosis spectrum...
January 24, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109262/implementation-of-early-intensive-behavioural-intervention-for-children-with-autism-in-switzerland
#11
Nadja Studer, Ronnie Gundelfinger, Tanja Schenker, Hans-Christoph Steinhausen
BACKGROUND: There is a major gap between the US and most European countries regarding the implementation of early intensive behavioural intervention (EIBI) for children with autism. The present paper reports on the current status of EIBI in Switzerland and on the effectiveness of EIBI under clinical conditions in a Swiss pilot project. METHODS: The paper combines a narrative report of the care system for children with autism in Switzerland and an initial evaluation of EIBI as implemented in the Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, University of Zurich...
January 21, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089312/hunting-down-an-evidence-base-for-adolescent-mental-health
#12
EDITORIAL
The Lancet Psychiatry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 11, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070124/an-endophenotype-approach-to-the-genetics-of-alcohol-dependence-a-genome-wide-association-study-of-fast-beta-eeg-in-families-of-african-ancestry
#13
J L Meyers, J Zhang, J C Wang, J Su, S I Kuo, M Kapoor, L Wetherill, S Bertelsen, D Lai, J E Salvatore, C Kamarajan, D Chorlian, A Agrawal, L Almasy, L Bauer, K K Bucholz, G Chan, V Hesselbrock, L Koganti, J Kramer, S Kuperman, N Manz, A Pandey, M Seay, D Scott, R E Taylor, D M Dick, H J Edenberg, A Goate, T Foroud, B Porjesz
Fast beta (20-28 Hz) electroencephalogram (EEG) oscillatory activity may be a useful endophenotype for studying the genetics of disorders characterized by neural hyperexcitability, including substance use disorders (SUDs). However, the genetic underpinnings of fast beta EEG have not previously been studied in a population of African-American ancestry (AA). In a sample of 2382 AA individuals from 482 families drawn from the Collaborative Study on the Genetics of Alcoholism (COGA), we performed a genome-wide association study (GWAS) on resting-state fast beta EEG power...
January 10, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065519/enhancing-pediatric-trainees-and-students-knowledge-in-providing-care-to-transgender-youth
#14
Stanley R Vance, Madeline B Deutsch, Stephen M Rosenthal, Sara M Buckelew
PURPOSE: To enhance pediatric trainees' and students' knowledge of the psychosocial and medical issues facing transgender youth through a comprehensive curriculum. METHODS: During the 2015-2016 academic year, we administered a transgender youth curriculum to fourth-year medical students, pediatric interns, psychiatry interns, and nurse practitioner students on their 1-month adolescent and young adult medicine rotation. The curriculum included six interactive, online modules and an observational experience in a multidisciplinary pediatric gender clinic...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059976/deprescribing-in-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-a-sorely-needed-intervention
#15
EDITORIAL
Eugene Grudnikoff, Christopher Bellonci
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: American Journal of Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053283/co-morbidity-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-clinical-study-from-india
#16
P Jacob, S Srinath, S Girimaji, S Seshadri, J V Sagar
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of neurodevelopmental and psychiatric co-morbidities in children and adolescents diagnosed with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder at a tertiary care child and adolescent psychiatry centre. METHODS: A total of 63 children and adolescents who were diagnosed with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder and fulfilled the inclusion criteria were comprehensively assessed for neurodevelopmental and psychiatric co-morbidities...
December 2016: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051218/parental-satisfaction-of-an-assessment-unit-for-autistic-spectrum-disorders
#17
Arwa Ben Amor, Soumeyya Halayem, Maissa Touati, Ahlem Belhadj, Riadh Gouider, Ridha Mrad, Asma Bouden
Background - Based on the recognized principles of assessment of autistic disorders, the child and adolescent psychiatry department in Razi Hospital developed an assessment unit with diagnostic as well as therapeutic roles. The aim of this work was to examine its functioning and to analyze the parents' perceptions about the unit services. Methods - We gathered the parental satisfaction about the unit by the means of a hetero-questionnaire. Results - Fifty-two parents of children evaluated within the unit were included...
June 2016: La Tunisie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044064/asd-and-schizophrenia-show-distinct-developmental-profiles-in-common-genetic-overlap-with-population-based-social-communication-difficulties
#18
B St Pourcain, E B Robinson, V Anttila, B B Sullivan, J Maller, J Golding, D Skuse, S Ring, D M Evans, S Zammit, S E Fisher, B M Neale, R J L Anney, S Ripke, M V Hollegaard, T Werge, A Ronald, J Grove, D M Hougaard, A D Børglum, P B Mortensen, M J Daly, G Davey Smith
Difficulties in social communication are part of the phenotypic overlap between autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and schizophrenia. Both conditions follow, however, distinct developmental patterns. Symptoms of ASD typically occur during early childhood, whereas most symptoms characteristic of schizophrenia do not appear before early adulthood. We investigated whether overlap in common genetic influences between these clinical conditions and impairments in social communication depends on the developmental stage of the assessed trait...
January 3, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042761/-coercive-measures-in-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry
#19
Silke C Rabe, Jörg M Fegert, Ulrich Krüger, Michael Kölch
Coercive Measures in Child and Adolescent Psychiatry To keep the use of coercive measures in child and adolescent psychiatry low or reduce them completely, there needs to be a specific knowledge of the starting point. The study provides an overview of the current situation using a systematic literature review of published studies from the European and the outer European regions between 2005 and 2015. In summary only twelve publications addressed the topic, differentiated in four studies from inner and eight studies from outer European countries...
January 2017: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042760/-institutionalized-and-individual-crisis-intervention-between-youth-welfare-and-adolescent-psychiatry-specified-for-unaccompanied-minor-refugees
#20
Renate Schepker
Institutionalized and Individual Crisis Intervention Between Youth Welfare and Adolescent Psychiatry, Specified for Unaccompanied Minor Refugees Minor refugees put a challenge to the intercultural openness, including an abdication from diagnostic schemes. They need creativity, modification of treatment manuals and the therapist's ability to engage himself as a person. They need another notion of abstinence and the ability to cooperate with interpreters of language and culture. In cooperation with youth welfare institutions for unaccompanied minor refugees, principles that have been developed for institutional cooperation and individual crisis intervention plans have been modified: high threshold inpatient admission, multi-step-approach and reliability of cooperation...
January 2017: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
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