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Adolescent psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427409/utilization-of-antiepileptic-medicines-in-swedish-children-and-adolescents-with-different-diagnoses
#1
Linnéa Karlsson Lind, Katarina Wide, Björn Wettermark, Mia von Euler
This study aimed to investigate the utilization of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) in children and adolescents with epilepsy and other diagnoses in a nationwide population between 2007 and 2014. Data on dispensed prescriptions of AEDs were collected from the Swedish Prescribed Drug Register and linked to diagnosis data from the National Patient Register covering all in- and outpatient consultations from Swedish hospitals. Children aged 0-17 years who had received at least one prescription for AEDs were selected...
February 10, 2018: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427067/individual-biological-sensitivity-to-environmental-influences-testing-the-differential-susceptibility-properties-of-the-5httlpr-polymorphism-in-relation-to-depressive-symptoms-and-delinquency-in-two-adolescent-general-samples
#2
Cecilia Åslund, Kent W Nilsson
The gene-environment interaction research field in psychiatry has traditionally been dominated by the diathesis-stress framework, where certain genotypes are assumed to confer increased risk for adverse outcomes in a stressful environment. In later years, theories of differential susceptibility, or biological sensitivity, suggest that candidate genes that interact with environmental events do not exclusively confer a risk for behavioural or psychiatric disorders but rather seem to alter the sensitivity to both positive and negative environmental influences...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Neural Transmission
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407722/validation-of-the-spanish-and-catalan-versions-of-the-health-of-the-nation-outcome-scale-for-children-and-adolescents-honosca
#3
Anna Ballesteros-Urpí, Héctor Pardo-Hernández, Andreu Ferrero-Gregori, Jordi Torralbas-Ortega, Joaquim Puntí-Vidal, Pere Tàpies Olivet, Jon Izaguirre Eguren, Pere Vergés Balasch, Anaís Lara Lloveras, Santiago Bertomeu, Montserrat Peramiquel, Victoria Herreros, Àngela Vidal, Elena Font, Soledad Romero, Marta Garcia, Luisa Lázaro, Àstrid Morer
Outcome measurement in outpatient and day-care mental health facilities for children and adolescents in Spain remains limited, in part due to a lack of validated scales. To address this issue, we translated HoNOSCA (glossary, score sheet, self-rated questionnaire, and parent/legal guardian questionnaire) into Spanish and Catalan using a reverse translation approach. We ascertained the validity and psychometric quality of the HoNOSCA in Spanish by assessing correlation with the Children's Global Assessment Scale (C-GAS)...
December 21, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381388/long-acting-injectable-atypical-antipsychotic-use-in-adolescents-an-observational-study
#4
Adriana Fortea, Daniel Ilzarbe, Laura Espinosa, Mireia Solerdelcoll, Clara de Castro, Giovanni Oriolo, Gisela Sugranyes, Inmaculada Baeza
OBJECTIVES: Although second generation long-acting injectable antipsychotics (SG-LAIAs) have been approved and are widely used in adults, there is limited evidence for the use of long-acting formulations in children and adolescents. Thus, we systematically describe the off-label use of SG-LAIAs in clinical practice in adolescent inpatients. METHODS: All individuals admitted to our Children and Adolescent Inpatient Psychiatry Unit receiving treatment with SG-LAIAs between January 2013 and June 2016 were reviewed...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379560/evaluating-of-psychiatric-behavior-in-obese-children-and-adolescents
#5
Fatemeh Moharei, Samaneh Norooziasl, Fatemeh Behdani, Nosrat Ghaemi
Objective: Obesity is a medical condition that may have a harmful effect on health, leading to increased illness and reduced life expectancy. This studyaimed to evaluate the relationship of psychiatry disorders in overweight and obese children and adolescents. Materials & Methods: In this case-control study, 160 children and adolescent were enrolled refereed to Clinic of Pediatric Endocrinology, Imam Reza hospital, Mashhad, Iran in 2009-2011. The sampling method of this study was non-probability and biased...
2018: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371882/thematic-series-capmh-forensic-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-and-mental-health-2017
#6
EDITORIAL
Cyril Boonmann, Jörg M Fegert, Klaus Schmeck
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29359282/-health-care-organization-the-new-german-s3-guideline-on-alcohol-related-disorders-and-its-relevance-for-health-care
#7
Arthur Günthner, Volker Weissinger, Heribert Fleischmann, Clemens Veltrup, Bettina Jäpel, Gerhard Längle, Klaus Amann, Eva Hoch, Karl Mann
BACKGROUND: Alcohol dependence is one of the most serious diseases of addiction in Germany. The new S3-guideline "Screening, Diagnostics and Treatment of Alcohol-Related Disorders" has been presented in 2015 and summarizes the present state of knowledge pertaining to the diagnosis and treatment of alcohol abuse and alcohol dependence. METHODS: This guideline was developed over four years within the framework of the Association of the Scientific Medical Societies in Germany (AWMF)...
January 22, 2018: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325731/pharmacogenomic-testing-in-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-an-evidence-based-review
#8
Anna M Wehry, Laura Ramsey, Shane E Dulemba, Sarah A Mossman, Jeffrey R Strawn
Significant advances have been made in the application of pharmacogenomic testing for the treatment of patients with psychiatric disorders. Over the past decade, a number of studies have evaluated the utility of pharmacogenomic testing in pediatric patients with psychiatric disorders. The evidence base for pharmacogenomic testing in youth with depressive and anxiety disorders as well as attention/deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is reviewed in this article. General pharmacogenomic principles are summarized and functional polymorphisms in P450 enzymes (and associated metabolizer phenotypes), the serotonin transporter promoter polymorphisms, serotonin 2 A receptor genes (e...
January 8, 2018: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321707/validity-and-reliability-of-the-turkish-version-for-dsm-5-level-2-anger-scale-child-form-for-children-aged-11-17-years-and-parent-form-for-children-aged-6-17-years
#9
Şermin Yalin Sapmaz, Handan Özek Erkuran, Nefize Yalin, Özlem Önen, Siğnem Öztekin, Canem Kavurma, Ertuğrul Köroğlu, Ömer Aydemir
Introduction: This study aimed to assess the validity and reliability of the Turkish version of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) Level 2 Anger Scale. Methods: The scale was prepared by translation and back translation of DSM-5 Level 2 Anger Scale. Study groups consisted of a clinical sample of cases diagnosed with depressive disorder and treated in a child and adolescent psychiatry unit and a community sample. The study was continued with 218 children and 160 parents...
December 2017: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318390/dual-training-as-clinician-scientist-in-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-are-we-there-yet
#10
EDITORIAL
Alexis Revet, Johannes Hebebrand, Sampada Bhide, João Caseiro, Eugenia Conti, Marike Deutz, Andra Isac, Athanasios Kanellopoulos, Tuğba Kalyoncu, Katri Maasalo, Silvana Markovska-Simoska, Marija Mitkovic-Voncina, Silvia Molteni, Mariela Mosheva, Susanne Mudra, Julia Philipp, Cecil Prins-Aardema, Marina Romero Gonzalez, Antonín Šebela, Jochen Seitz, Lise Eilin Stene, Nikolina Vrljičak Davidović, Ida Wessing, Paul Klauser
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 9, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303801/intravenous-valproic-acid-add-on-therapy-in-acute-agitation-adolescents-with-suspected-substance-abuse-a-report-of-six-cases
#11
Claudia Battaglia, Roberto Averna, Milena Labonia, Assia Riccioni, Stefano Vicari
The aim of this study was to test efficacy and safety of intravenous (IV) valproate for aggression in children and adolescents with mood or conduct disorder and concomitant substance abuse. Six patients received a 20 mg/kg dose of IV valproic acid as an add-on therapy to their standard therapy with second-generation antipsychotics and benzodiazepines. Agitation and general psychopathology were measured at baseline and after the first injection using the Modified Overt Aggression Scale, the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale, and the Children's Global Assessment Scale...
January 2018: Clinical Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303800/prescribing-trends-of-atypical-antipsychotic-drugs-in-an-outpatient-unit-of-a-child-and-adolescent-clinic-in-turkey
#12
Çiğdem Yektaş, Ali Evren Tufan
OBJECTIVE: Use of antipsychotic agents in the management of various psychopathologies in Child and Adolescent Psychiatric practice is gradually increasing. This study aimed to evaluate the sociodemographic and clinical features of children and adolescents who applied to an outpatient clinic of child and adolescent psychiatry department in Turkey and were prescribed atypical antipsychotics. METHOD: Patients with prescription codes of ATC N05A (except N05AN lithium) were accepted to denote those with atypical antipsychotic treatment...
January 5, 2018: Clinical Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285478/multiple-intelligences-profiles-of-children-with-attention-deficit-and-hyperactivity-disorder-in-comparison-with-nonattention-deficit-and-hyperactivity-disorder
#13
Mostafa Najafi, Shahla Akouchekian, Alireza Ghaderi, Behzad Mahaki, Mariam Rezaei
Background: Attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common psychological problem during childhood. This study aimed to evaluate multiple intelligences profiles of children with ADHD in comparison with non-ADHD. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional descriptive analytical study was done on 50 children of 6-13 years old in two groups of with and without ADHD. Children with ADHD were referred to Clinics of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, in 2014...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279068/-readmission-to-an-adolescent-psychiatry-inpatient-unit-readmission-rates-and-risk-factors
#14
Patricia Mendes, Maria Fonseca, Inês Aguiar, Nuno Pangaio, Luísa Confraria, Otília Queirós, Joana Saraiva, Pedro Monteiro, João Guerra
INTRODUCTION: Most mental disorders have a chronic evolution and therefore a certain amount of psychiatric readmissions are inevitable. Several studies indicate that over 25% of child and adolescent inpatients were readmitted within one year of discharge. Several risk factors for psychiatric readmissions have been reported in the literature, but the history of repeated readmissions is the most consistent risk factor. Our aim is to calculate the readmission rates at 30 days and 12 months after discharge and to identify associated risk factors...
November 29, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249996/metasynthesis-an-original-method-to-synthesize-qualitative-literature-in-psychiatry
#15
Jonathan Lachal, Anne Revah-Levy, Massimiliano Orri, Marie Rose Moro
Background: Metasynthesis-the systematic review and integration of findings from qualitative studies-is an emerging technique in medical research that can use many different methods. Nevertheless, the method must be appropriate to the specific scientific field in which it is used. The objective is to describe the steps of a metasynthesis method adapted from Thematic Synthesis and phenomenology to fit the particularities of psychiatric research. Method: We detail each step of the method used in a metasynthesis published in 2015 on adolescent and young adults suicidal behaviors...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237195/-interdisciplinary-inpatient-treatment-for-adolescents-and-young-adults-16%C3%A2-%C3%A2-25-years-with-mental-illness-in-adolescent-psychiatry
#16
Anne Karow, Michael Lipp, Eva Schweigert, Mary Sengutta, Gaby Wiltfang, Linus Wittmann, Martin Lambert, Carola Bindt, Jürgen Gallinat, Michael Schulte-Markwort
Objective The investigation of clinical characteristics of patients in adolescence psychiatry relevant for transition medicine. Methodology Sociodemographic and clinical data (SCID I/II, SIPS/SOPS, SPI-A, GAF, CGI) were consecutively taken from the interdisciplinary inpatient treatment centre for adolescents and young adults with mental disorders (N = 229, aged 16 - 25). Results Average age was 19 years (38 % male, 23 % migration background). A high proportion of early mental illnesses and comorbidities (66 %), psychosis risk syndromes (20 %) and suicidality (54 %), treatment discontinuation (33 %) with daily-life, social and family stress factors (52 % positive family history, 34 % trauma) were observed and a persistently high level of support and treatment was needed despite a significant clinical improvement (p < 0...
December 13, 2017: Psychiatrische Praxis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235651/-the-way-we-do-the-things-we-do-decision-making-transparency-at-the-journal-of-child-psychology-and-psychiatry
#17
EDITORIAL
Edmund J S Sonuga-Barke
As in life generally, so in scholarly publishing, the turn of the year inevitably encourages editors to reflect soberly and take honest stock of the progress their journals have made over the previous 12 months. In this frame of mind, my own thoughts turned to our beloved Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. Of course I say ours because we who currently work at the journal, know it actually belongs to you, the world-wide community of child and adolescent psychologists and psychiatrists: We are only its stewards...
January 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211269/-processes-of-attention-to-children-and-adolescents-under-20-years-in-la-casta%C3%A3-eda-evolution-of-the-concept-of-childhood-in-psychiatry
#18
Jorge Escotto-Morett, Angélica Ángeles-Llerenas, Rosalinda Domínguez-Esponda, María Elena Márquez-Caraveo
Today, there is evidence that shows that children and adolescents can experience developmental problems and psychiatric disorders. This was possible because of two main reasons, the evolution of the concept of infancy and the progress made in medical and psychiatric diagnostic classification. This manuscript offers a glance to early psychiatric attention in Mexico, particularly the care processes provided to 36 children and adolescents under twenty, admitted in the mental asylum La Castañeda, during the first half of the XX century...
July 2017: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205757/enhancing-metabolic-monitoring-for-children-and-adolescents-using-second-generation-antipsychotics
#19
Mary Coughlin, Catherine L Goldie, Deborah Tregunno, Joan Tranmer, Marina Kanellos-Sutton, Sarosh Khalid-Khan
The prevalence of children and adolescents using second-generation antipsychotics (SGAs) has increased significantly in recent years. In this population, SGAs are used to treat mood and behavioural disorders although considered 'off-label' or not approved for these indications. Metabolic monitoring is the systematic physical health assessment of antipsychotic users utilized to detect cardiovascular and endocrine side effects and prevent adverse events such as weight gain, hyperglycaemia, hyperlipidemia, and arrhythmias...
December 4, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196980/lessons-from-the-launch-program-directors-reflect-on-implementing-the-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-milestones
#20
Julie M Sadhu, Paul C Lee, Colin Stewart, Nicholas J Carson, Craigan Usher, Eleni Maneta, Robert Kitts, Neha Sharma, Adrienne Adams, Eric P Hazen, Myo Thwin Myint, Esther S Lee, Roma A Vasa, Terri L Randall, Stephanie L Leong, Sansea L Jacobson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
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