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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813529/natural-and-artificial-feeding-management-before-weaning-promote-different-rumen-microbial-colonization-but-not-differences-in-gene-expression-levels-at-the-rumen-epithelium-of-newborn-goats
#1
Leticia Abecia, Elisabeth Jiménez, Gonzalo Martínez-Fernandez, A Ignacio Martín-García, Eva Ramos-Morales, Eric Pinloche, Stuart E Denman, C Jamie Newbold, David R Yáñez-Ruiz
The aim of this work was to evaluate the effect of feeding management during the first month of life (natural with the mother, NAT, or artificial with milk replacer, ART) on the rumen microbial colonization and the host innate immune response. Thirty pregnant goats carrying two fetuses were used. At birth one kid was taken immediately away from the doe and fed milk replacer (ART) while the other remained with the mother (NAT). Kids from groups received colostrum during first 2 days of life. Groups of four kids (from ART and NAT experimental groups) were slaughtered at 1, 3, 7, 14, 21 and 28 days of life...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813477/colonization-prevalence-and-antibiotic-susceptibility-of-group-b-streptococcus-in-pregnant-women-over-a-6-year-period-in-dongguan-china
#2
Wenjing Ji, Lihua Zhang, Zhusheng Guo, Shujin Xie, Weiqing Yang, Junjian Chen, Jiamin Wang, Zhiqin Cheng, Xin Wang, Xuehai Zhu, Jianwen Wang, Haiqing Wang, Juan Huang, Ning Liang, David J McIver
This study investigated the prevalence of recto-vaginal Group B Streptococcus (GBS) colonization, serotype distribution, and antimicrobial susceptibility patterns among pregnant women in Dongguan, China. Recto-vaginal swabs were collected from pregnant women at gestational age 35-37 weeks between January 1st 2009 and December 31st 2014. Isolates were serotyped by latex-agglutination and were tested against seven antimicrobials by disk diffusion. Of 7,726 pregnant women who completed GBS testing, 636 (8.2%) were GBS carriers...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797286/prevalence-and-drug-susceptibility-pattern-of-group-b-streptococci-gbs-among-pregnant-women-attending-antenatal-care-anc-in-nekemte-referral-hospital-nrh-nekemte-ethiopia
#3
Hylemariam Mihiretie Mengist, Olifan Zewdie, Adugna Belew, Regea Dabsu
OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and drug susceptibility pattern of group B Streptococci (GBS) among pregnant women. The specific objectives include; (1) To determine the prevalence of GBS colonization among pregnant women (2) To determine the drug susceptibility pattern of GBS among pregnant women and (3) To identify associated risk factors with GBS colonization among pregnant women. RESULTS: The median age of the participants was 24...
August 10, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776463/prevalence-and-impact-of-sexually-transmitted-infections-in-pregnant-women-in-central-ethiopia
#4
Andreas Schönfeld, Torsten Feldt, Tafese B Tufa, Hans M Orth, André Fuchs, Million G Mesfun, Frieder Pfäfflin, Tamara Nordmann, Matthias Breuer, Monika Hampl, Dieter Häussinger
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) continues to be a major global public health issue and omnipresent sexually transmitted infections (STIs) increase the risk of HIV acquisition. Moreover, STIs and HIV in pregnant women can harm the unborn child. In this study, we systematically investigated the prevalence of HIV, relevant STIs and vaginal group B streptococcus colonization among pregnant women presenting at Asella Teaching Hospital in central Ethiopia and their effect on perinatal mortality. A follow-up was performed six weeks after delivery...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767617/prevalence-of-group-b-streptococcus-in-pregnant-women-in-iran-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Mohammad Emaneini, Fereshteh Jabalameli, Willem B van Leeuwen, Reza Beigverdi
BACKGROUND: Group B Streptococcus (GBS or S. agalactiae) is a major cause of severe disease in neonates. In perinatal infections or early-onset disease (EOD), GBS is transmitted vertically to the newborn from the birth canal during labor and delivery. Limited information is available on the prevalence of GBS recto-vaginal colonization among pregnant women in Iran. METHODS: We performed a systematic search by using different electronic databases including: Medline (via Pubmed), Embase, Web of Science, and Iranian Database...
July 27, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764569/screening-for-group-b-streptococcus-gbs-at-labour-onset-using-pcr-accuracy-and-potential-impact-a-pilot-study
#6
Sandhya Ramesh Babu, Rachel McDermott, Irum Farooq, David Le Blanc, Wendy Ferguson, Naomi McCallion, Richard Drew, Maeve Eogan
This pilot study assessed the diagnostic accuracy and potential impact of a rapid PCR-based screening test for the detection of group B Streptococcus (GBS) at the onset of labour for the purpose of optimising intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis (IAP). Vaginal and rectal swabs from a convenience sample of 158 women were analysed by conventional broth-enriched culture and a rapid PCR test. Overall, GBS carriage was 18.98% by culture and 19.62% by PCR. PCR for the detection of GBS had a sensitivity of 93.1%, specificity of 96...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763075/-group-b-streptococcal-perinatal-infection-a-global-latin-american-and-mexican-overview
#7
Gerardo C Palacios-Saucedo, Talyha Itzel Hernández-Hernández, Lydia Guadalupe Rivera-Morales, Evangelina Briones-Lara, Amílcar Caballero-Trejo, José M Vázquez-Guillén, Gustavo I Amador-Patiño, Ricardo García-Cabello, Fortino Solórzano-Santos, Cristina Rodríguez-Padillacs
Group B streptococci (Streptococcus agalactiae) cause a number of infections in women during pregnancy and postpartum, such as urinary tract infection, chorioamnionitis and endometritis, consequently may affect the newborn. Group B streptococci is the most common cause of severe infections in newborns in developed countries. Studies on the epidemiology of group B streptococci infections in Latin America are still limited. This information is also unknown in Mexico, but studies carried out in the center of the country have found high rates of vaginal colonization in pregnant women and there are case series and case reports of newborns...
May 2017: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760003/surgical-outcomes-of-laparoscopic-endometriosis-surgery-a-6-year-experience
#8
S Alborzi, A Hosseini-Nohadani, T Poordast, Z Shomali
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to review 6-year experience on the surgical outcomes of laparoscopic endometriosis surgery. METHODS: A cohort study was performed in Shiraz University of Medical Sciences using data from medical records of 1315 cases of patients with endometriosis undergoing laparoscopic surgery with follow-up of 6 to 72 months. RESULTS: This study concerned a cohort of 1315 patients diagnosed with endometriosis operated between April 2010 and April 2016, 1086 (82...
August 1, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732495/carriage-and-serotype-distribution-of-streptococcus-agalactiae-in-third-trimester-pregnancy-in-southern-ghana
#9
Hans-Christian Slotved, Nicholas T K D Dayie, Josephine A N Banini, Niels Frimodt-Møller
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of Streptococcus agalactiae (group B streptococci, GBS) among healthy, pregnant women attending antenatal care at different study sites in the Greater Accra Region, Ghana. METHODS: Between 2010 and June 2013, recto-vaginal swab samples were collected from pregnant women attending antenatal care from two study sites in southern Ghana. The samples were collected within 35 and 37 weeks of the gestation period...
July 21, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732002/-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumor-in-young-pregnant-woman-case-report
#10
Walker Del Cid Jove Oblitas, Miguel Joseph Abril Barreda
Female patient, 28 years old, with a gestation of 14 weeks, natural and from Ilo-Moquegua. Came with a time of disease 4 days with hematemesis, melena, epigastric pain and syncope. Background of colonic resection for peritonitis due to trauma 20 years ago; upper gastrointestinal bleeding three years ago; paternal grandparents died of gastric cancer; chronic gastritis diagnosed from 19 year old. In laboratory studies hemoglobin of 9.2. In the upper gastrointestinal endoscopy was found absence of active upper gastrointestinal bleeding, a large tumor in proximal body toward greater curvature and posterior wall, 8 cm in diameter approximately, lobed appearance, with most of the mucosal surface unscathed is evidence, areas of ulceration of 2-3 mm covered with fibrin (biopsies taken), hard consistency, tent sign (positive) and cushionsign (negative)...
April 2017: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713513/the-prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-group-b-streptococcus-colonization-in-iranian-pregnant-women
#11
Roksana Darabi, Sima Tadi, Mitra Mohit, Erfan Sadeghi, Gita Hatamizadeh, Bahareh Kardeh, Mina Etminan-Bakhsh, Yekta Parsa
BACKGROUND: Group B Streptococcus (GBS) is a leading cause of serious neonatal infections. Although great progress has been made in preventing prenatal GBS, its colonization rate in different regions of Iran remains unknown. AIM: To determine GBS colonization prevalence and its risk factors among Iranian pregnant women. METHODS: This prospective cross-sectional study was performed on 186 pregnant women, who attended Boo-Ali hospital which is affiliated with Islamic Azad University in Tehran, Iran, from March 2014 to June 2015...
May 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659318/reliable-detection-of-group-b-streptococcus-in-the-clinical-laboratory
#12
Manuel Rosa-Fraile, Barbara Spellerberg
Group B Streptococcus (GBS) is a leading cause of invasive neonatal infections and a significant pathogen in immunocompromised adults. Screening to detect GBS colonization in pregnant women determines the need for antibiotic prophylaxis in that pregnancy. Efficient determination of the GBS colonization status in pregnant woman is crucial. Methods that maximize the probability of GBS recovery are needed. The availability of technologies such as MALDI-TOF/MS, molecular techniques and chromogenic culture media including Granada-type have changed the scenario of GBS detection and identification...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645088/risk-based-screening-combined-with-a-pcr-based-test-for-group-b-streptococci-diminishes-the-use-of-antibiotics-in-laboring-women
#13
Mohammed R Khalil, Niels Uldbjerg, Poul B Thorsen, Birgitte Henriksen, Jens K Møller
OBJECTIVE: To assess the performance of a polymerase chain reaction - group B streptococci test (PCR-GBS test) - in deciding antibiotic prophylaxis in term laboring women. STUDY DESIGN: In this observational study, we enrolled 902 unselected Danish term pregnant women. During labor, midwives obtained vaginal swabs that were used for both GBS cultures (reference standard) and for the PCR-GBS test. Furthermore, we recorded the presence of risk factors for EOGBS (Early Onset Group B Streptococcal disease): (1) Bacteriuria during current pregnancy, (2) Prior infant with EOGBS (3) Temperature above 38...
June 9, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630628/staphylococcus-saprophyticus-recovered-from-humans-food-and-recreational-waters-in-rio-de-janeiro-brazil
#14
Viviane Santos de Sousa, Ana Paula de Souza da-Silva, Leif Sorenson, Raphael Paiva Paschoal, Renata Fernandes Rabello, Eloiza Helena Campana, Márcia Soares Pinheiro, Lyssa Oliveira Ferreira Dos Santos, Natacha Martins, Ana Carolina Nunes Botelho, Renata Cristina Picão, Sérgio Eduardo Longo Fracalanzza, Lee Woodland Riley, George Sensabaugh, Beatriz Meurer Moreira
Staphylococcus saprophyticus is an important agent of urinary tract infection (UTI) in young women, but information about this pathogen in human microbiota and in common environment is lacking. The aim of this study was to characterize S. saprophyticus isolates from genitoanal microbiota of 621 pregnant women, 10 minas cheese packs, and five beaches in Rio de Janeiro city and compare PFGE profiles of these isolates with five UTI PFGE clusters described in this city. We investigated 65 S. saprophyticus isolates from microbiota, 13 from minas cheese, and 30 from beaches and 32 UTI isolates...
2017: International Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629756/nasal-colonization-of-staphylococcus-aureus-colonal-complex-5-prevalence-influencing-factors-and-phenotypic-and-molecular-characteristics-in-pregnant-chinese-women
#15
Jialing Lin, Chuanan Wu, Qianting Ou, Dongxin Lin, Ting Zhang, Chan Bai, Haoqu Zheng, Jiaping Ye, Xiaojie Wang, Ying Li, Xiaohua Ye, Zhenjiang Yao
BACKGROUND: Colonal complex 5 (CC5) has been referred to as the most pandemic community-associated Staphylococcus aureus in most Asian countries. However, few studies have focused on CC5 isolates in pregnant women. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and phenotypic and molecular characteristics of S aureus and methicillin-resistant S aureus (MRSA) CC5 nasal colonization in pregnant Chinese women. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study between August and November 2015 in 2 hospitals in Shenzhen, China...
June 16, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623952/spontaneous-cecal-perforation-in-a-40-year-old-pregnant-woman-treated-by-primary-repair-and-omental-patch-a-case-report
#16
Cyrille Kouam, Ouasso Passang, Marc-Leroy Guifo, Nkolaka Atem
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous colonic perforations are scarce, and cecal perforations even more so. Preoperative diagnosis of the latter in a pregnant woman is particularly difficult because of physiologic changes and restrictions on some diagnostic imaging techniques, such as X-rays. Furthermore, management of these patients is a big challenge. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a case of a spontaneous cecal perforation in a 40-year-old pregnant black woman in the Regional Hospital of Bafoussam in Cameroon...
June 18, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622535/vitamin-d-mediates-the-relationship-between-placental-cathelicidin-and-group-b-streptococcus-colonization-during-pregnancy
#17
Christine C Akoh, Eva K Pressman, Corrie M Whisner, Carrie Thomas, Chang Cao, Tera Kent, Elizabeth Cooper, Kimberly O O'Brien
Vitamin D is thought to modulate innate immune responses, and recent studies have highlighted the autocrine and paracrine functions of vitamin D in the placenta. Our objective was to determine the relationship between maternal vitamin D status and placental antimicrobial peptide (AMP) expression in a group of racially and ethnically diverse pregnant adolescents. In this study, 158 pregnant adolescents were recruited from the Rochester Adolescent Maternity Program (RAMP) in Rochester, NY. Maternal serum concentrations of the vitamin D biomarkers, 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D (1,25(OH)2D), were measured at mid-gestation (∼26 weeks) and at delivery...
June 2017: Journal of Reproductive Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617554/the-study-on-specific-umbilical-blood-dc-vaccine-for-beige-nude-mice-loaded-human-colorectal-carcinoma-to-induce-anti-tumor-immunity
#18
Z-X Fu, J-S Han, F Liu, Z-L Zhao, D-B Li, L Shi, J-T Dong, Y Zhou, J-H Cai
OBJECTIVE: This study is to observe the immunosuppression of CD137L transfected umbilical blood Dcs (Dendritic cell) vaccine to tumor development of SCID/ Beige nude mice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Samples of umbilical blood in the childbirth pregnant women were collected by density gradient centrifugation. Umbilical cord blood dendritic cells (Dcs) were transfected by specific CD137L via LipofectamineTM method and cells were harvested. Meanwhile, the peripheral blood of volunteers was collected to isolate Dcs, the Dcs were cultured for 5 days and hatched with SW-1116 cells antigen...
May 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595993/endoscopic-rescue-treatment-in-a-pregnant-ulcerative-colitis-patient-with-a-severe-colonic-stricture-a-conservative-approach-to-bring-the-pregnancy-to-term
#19
Roberto Di Mitri, Filippo Mocciaro, Antonio Maiorana, Walter Alio, Ambrogio Orlando
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 5, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595057/hospitalization-cost-at-childbirth-health-parameters-and-colonization-with-antimicrobial-resistant-bacteria-and-methicillin-susceptible-staphylococcus-aureus
#20
Alexandra C Adler, Mihai Zamfir, Lana Hendrowarsito, Antchen Dammeyer, Lasse Schomacher, Barbara Karlin, Manuela Franitza, Lilia Nasri, Stefan Hörmansdorfer, Christian Tuschak, Giuseppe Valenza, Thomas Ewert, Wolfgang Hierl, Uta Ochmann, Caroline Herr, Stefanie Heinze
OBJECTIVE: Antimicrobial resistant bacteria (AMR) are of public health and economic relevance. However, there is a lack of data regarding AMR colonization in pregnant women and in newborns. Furthermore, there are few studies analyzing hospital's net income (revenues and costs). STUDY DESIGN: The cross-sectional study took place in two Bavarian clinics. Available data regarding women and newborns were collected using a standardized questionnaire, personal IDs and medical records in addition to AMR/MSSA screening...
May 30, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
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