keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Acute renal failure critically ill

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30293927/outcome-and-prognostic-factors-of-patients-treated-in-the-intensive-care-unit-for-carbon-monoxide-poisoning
#1
Wei-Chih Liao, Wen-Chien Cheng, Biing-Ru Wu, Wei-Chun Chen, Chih-Yu Chen, Chia-Hung Chen, Chih-Yen Tu, Te-Chun Hsia
BACKGROUND: Carbon monoxide (CO), a colorless and odorless gas, is one of the common causes of poisoning-related deaths worldwide. CO poisoning can result in hypoxic brain damage and death, but intensive care can improve the likely outcome for critically ill patients. However, there is a paucity of clinical data regarding the prognostic factors and association between organ dysfunction and clinical outcome of patients treated for CO poisoning in the intensive care unit (ICU). METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of patients admitted to a university affiliated hospital ICU between July 2001 and December 2010 following CO poisoning...
October 5, 2018: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30238174/renal-failure-in-critically-ill-patients-beware-of-applying-central-venous-pressure-on-the-kidney
#2
REVIEW
Xiukai Chen, Xiaoting Wang, Patrick M Honore, Herbert D Spapen, Dawei Liu
The central venous pressure (CVP) is traditionally used as a surrogate of intravascular volume. CVP measurements therefore are often applied at the bedside to guide fluid administration in postoperative and critically ill patients. Pursuing high CVP levels has recently been challenged. A high CVP might impede venous return to the heart and disturb microcirculatory blood flow which may cause tissue congestion and organ failure. By imposing an increased "afterload" on the kidney, an elevated CVP will particularly harm kidney hemodynamics and promote acute kidney injury (AKI) even in the absence of volume overload...
September 20, 2018: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30180125/consensus-recommendations-for-rbc-transfusion-practice-in-critically-ill-children-from-the-pediatric-critical-care-transfusion-and-anemia-expertise-initiative
#3
Stacey L Valentine, Melania M Bembea, Jennifer A Muszynski, Jill M Cholette, Allan Doctor, Phillip C Spinella, Marie E Steiner, Marisa Tucci, Nabil E Hassan, Robert I Parker, Jacques Lacroix, Andrew Argent, Jeffrey L Carson, Kenneth E Remy, Pierre Demaret, Guillaume Emeriaud, Martin C J Kneyber, Nina Guzzetta, Mark W Hall, Duncan Macrae, Oliver Karam, Robert T Russell, Paul A Stricker, Adam M Vogel, Robert C Tasker, Alexis F Turgeon, Steven M Schwartz, Ariane Willems, Cassandra D Josephson, Naomi L C Luban, Leslie E Lehmann, Simon J Stanworth, Nicole D Zantek, Timothy E Bunchman, Ira M Cheifetz, James D Fortenberry, Meghan Delaney, Leo van de Watering, Karen A Robinson, Sara Malone, Katherine M Steffen, Scot T Bateman
OBJECTIVES: To date, there are no published guidelines to direct RBC transfusion decision-making specifically for critically ill children. We present the recommendations from the Pediatric Critical Care Transfusion and Anemia Expertise Initiative. DESIGN: Consensus conference series of multidisciplinary, international experts in RBC transfusion management of critically ill children. SETTING: Not applicable. INTERVENTION: None...
September 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30116993/management-of-acute-on-chronic-liver-failure-an-algorithmic-approach
#4
Shiv Kumar Sarin, Ashok Choudhury
Acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) is a distinct syndrome of liver failure in a patient with chronic liver disease presenting with jaundice, coagulopathy and ascites and/or hepatic encephalopathy, developing following an acute hepatic insult and associated with high 28-day mortality. The definition though lacks global consensus, excludes patients with known distinct entities such as acute liver failure and those with end-stage liver disease. The initial Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome (SIRS) because of cytokine storm in relation to acute insult and/or subsequent development of sepsis due to immunoparalysis leads to extrahepatic organ failure...
August 16, 2018: Hepatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30116545/antibiotic-dosing-in-sustained-low-efficiency-dialysis-in-critically-ill-patients
#5
REVIEW
Sidharth Kumar Sethi, Vinod Krishnappa, Nisha Nangethu, Paul Nemer, Lawrence A Frazee, Rupesh Raina
Purpose of review: Sustained low-efficiency dialysis (SLED) is increasingly used as a renal replacement modality in critically ill patients with acute kidney injury (AKI) and hemodynamic instability. There is, therefore, a greater need for the understanding of the antibiotic dosage and pharmacokinetics in these patients, to provide them with optimal therapy. Sources of information: PubMed/Medline, Embase, and Google Scholar. Methods: PubMed/Medline, Embase, and Google Scholar databases were searched using a combination of key words: dialysis, end stage renal disease, renal failure, sustained low efficiency dialysis, extended daily dialysis, prolonged intermittent renal replacement therapy (PIRRT), and antibiotic dosing...
2018: Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30094785/successful-treatment-of-diabetic-ketoacidosis-and-hyperglycemic-hyperosmolar-status-in-an-infant-with-kcnj11-related-neonatal-diabetes-mellitus-via-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy
#6
Ting Chen, Dandan Zhang, Zhenjiang Bai, Shuiyan Wu, Haiying Wu, Rongrong Xie, Ying Li, Fengyun Wang, Xiuli Chen, Hui Sun, Xiaoyan Wang, Linqi Chen
Neonatal diabetes mellitus (NDM) is a rare monogenic disorder presenting as uncontrolled hyperglycemia during the first 6 months of life. Hyperglycemic hyperosmolar state (HHS) is quite rare in NDM patients, and reported experience with this condition is limited. Continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) is frequently used as a mode of dialytic treatment in critically ill patients with acute renal failure, but has seldom been used in patients with diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) and HHS. We report the case of a 2-month-old infant admitted to our hospital presenting with dyspnea and lethargy...
October 2018: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30063639/potential-target-organ-protection-of-mineralocorticoid-receptor-antagonist-in-acute-kidney-disease
#7
Yu-Feng Lin, Likwang Chen, Shuei-Liong Lin, Yu-Chang Yeh, Tao-Min Huang, Yu-Hsiang Chou, Fan-Chi Chang, Yi-Ting Chen, Shao-Yu Yang, Tai-Shuan Lai, Vin-Cent Wu, Tzong-Shinn Chu, Kwan-Dun Wu
OBJECTIVES: Acute kidney disease (AKD), the transition of acute kidney injury to chronic kidney disease, has major clinical significance. Whether mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist will afford target organ protection during this critical stage remains ill-defined. METHODS: Using a population-based cohort database from January 1999 to July 2011, we identified 7252 AKD patients with hypertension, of whom 2255 were treated with mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist (user) and 4997 were treated by other antihypertensive medication (nonuser)...
July 30, 2018: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30043276/extracorporeal-organ-support-ecos-in-critical-illness-and-acute-kidney-injury-from-native-to-artificial-organ-crosstalk
#8
REVIEW
Faeq Husain-Syed, Zaccaria Ricci, Daniel Brodie, Jean-Louis Vincent, V Marco Ranieri, Arthur S Slutsky, Fabio Silvio Taccone, Luciano Gattinoni, Claudio Ronco
The complex nature of single organ failure potentially leading to multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) in critically ill patients necessitates integrated supportive therapy. Rather than a primary disease, acute kidney injury (AKI) is considered a window to a potentially serious underlying systemic disease, which may partially explain the high morbidity and mortality rates associated with the condition. Renal replacement therapy (RRT) has been routinely used for more than a decade in various intensive care settings and there has also been an increase in the use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation and extracorporeal carbon dioxide removal...
September 2018: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30041230/evidence-and-perspectives-on-the-use-of-polymyxin-b-immobilized-fiber-column-hemoperfusion-among-critically-ill-patients
#9
Chizuru Yamashita, Kazuhiro Moriyama, Daisuke Hasegawa, Yoshitaka Hara, Naohide Kuriyama, Tomoyuki Nakamura, Junpei Shibata, Hidefumi Komura, Osamu Nishida
BACKGROUND: Sepsis frequently leads to multiple organ failure due to the uncontrolled amplification and spread of inflammation, even if the infectious source is controlled. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS), a typical pathogen-associated molecular pattern (PAMP), is adsorbed by the polymyxin B-immobilized fiber column (PMX). PMX has been used for decades in Europe. Results of a North American randomized controlled trial (RCT) on PMX have recently been announced in a press release; results of large-scale observational studies and meta-analyses have also been reported in the last several years...
2018: Contributions to Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30012641/circulating-proenkephalin-acute-kidney-injury-and-its-improvement-in-patients-with-severe-sepsis-or-shock
#10
Pietro Caironi, Roberto Latini, Joachim Struck, Oliver Hartmann, Andreas Bergmann, Valentina Bellato, Sandra Ferraris, Gianni Tognoni, Antonio Pesenti, Luciano Gattinoni, Serge Masson
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) occurs in many critically ill patients and is associated with high mortality. We examined whether proenkephalin could predict incident AKI and its improvement in septic patients. METHODS: Plasma proenkephalin A 119-159 (penKid) was assayed in 956 patients with sepsis or septic shock enrolled in the multicenter Albumin Italian Outcome Sepsis (ALBIOS) trial to test its association with incident AKI, improvement of renal function, need for renal replacement therapy (RRT), and mortality...
September 2018: Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29996349/-analysis-of-15-cases-of-avian-influenza-virus-h7n9-infection
#11
W Q Yu, M D Ding, G H Dai, C J Gu, L Xue, Y Chen, D M Zhou, J C Xian, H T Xu
Objective: To describe the clinical, chest imaging, pathological manifestations and therapeutic experience of human infection with A/H7N9 virus. Methods: The features of 15 laboratory-confirmed cases of human infection with A/H7N9 virus in Taizhou, Jiangsu Province were retrospectively analyzed. Results: The 15 patients with confirmed viral pneumonia included 12 males and 3 females, with a median age of 61 years(ranging from 33 to 81 years). Twelve patients had a history of exposure to the poultry trading places, or direct contact with ill/dead avian, while 3 patients denied exposure or contact...
July 12, 2018: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29985210/features-of-adult-hyperammonemia-not-due-to-liver-failure-in-the-icu
#12
Amra Sakusic, Moldovan Sabov, Amanda J McCambridge, Alejandro A Rabinstein, Tarun D Singh, Kumar Mukesh, Kianoush B Kashani, David Cook, Ognjen Gajic
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the epidemiology of hyperammonemia unrelated to liver failure in the critical care setting. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. SETTING: Critically ill patients admitted to ICUs at Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN (medical ICU, two mixed medical-surgical ICUs, coronary care unit, or the cardiosurgical ICU) between July 1, 2004, and October 31, 2015. PATIENTS: Adult critically ill patients with hyperammonemia not related to acute or chronic liver failure...
September 2018: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29947710/predictors-of-death-in-an-intensive-care-unit-contribution-to-the-palliative-approach
#13
Juliana El Hage Meyer de Barros Gulini, Eliane Regina Pereira do Nascimento, Rachel Duarte Moritz, Mara Ambrosina de Oliveira Vargas, Darlan Laurício Matte, Rafael Pigozzi Cabral
OBJECTIVE: To identify predictors of death in the Intensive Care Unit and relate eligible patients to preferential palliative care. METHOD: A prospective cohort study that evaluated patients hospitalized for more than 24 hours, subdivided into G1 (patients who died) and G2 (patients who were discharged from hospital). For identifying the predictors for death outcome, the intensivist physician was asked the "surprise question" and clinical-demographic data were collected from the patients...
June 25, 2018: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29933269/high-fidelity-simulation-nurse-training-reduces-unplanned-interruption-of-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy-sessions-in-critically-ill-patients-the-simher-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Pierre Lemarie, Solenne Husser Vidal, Soizic Gergaud, Xavier Verger, Emmanuel Rineau, Jerome Berton, Elsa Parot-Schinkel, Jean-François Hamel, Sigismond Lasocki
BACKGROUND: Although continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) is common, unplanned interruptions (UI) often limit its usefulness. In many units, nurses are responsible for CRRT management. We hypothesized that a nurse training program based on high-fidelity simulation would reduce the rate of interrupted sessions. METHODS: We performed a 2-phase (training and evaluation), randomized, single-center, open study: During the training phase, intensive care unit nurses underwent a 6-hour training program and were randomized to receive (intervention) or not (control) an additional high-fidelity simulation training (6 hours)...
June 20, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886847/cytomegalovirus-reactivation-in-a-critically-ill-patient-a-case-report
#15
Demet Demirkol, Umay Kavgacı, Burcu Babaoğlu, Serhan Tanju, Banu Oflaz Sözmen, Suda Tekin
BACKGROUND: The aim of this case report is to discuss diagnostic workup and clinical management of cytomegalovirus reactivation in a critically ill immunocompetent pediatric patient. CASE PRESENTATION: A 2-year-old white boy who had no medical history presented with respiratory distress and fever. His Pediatric Risk of Mortality and Pediatric Logistic Organ Dysfunction scores were 20 and 11, respectively. Our preliminary diagnosis was multiple organ dysfunction secondary to sepsis...
June 11, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756955/multicenter-study-of-parenteral-nutrition-in-non-critically-ill-elderly-patients-compared-to-younger-patients-study-iaios-pn-incidence-and-assessment-of-iatrogenesis-in-older-subjects-receiving-parenteral-nutrition
#16
Javier Mateu-de Antonio, David Berlana, Montserrat Pons-Bussom, Maria B Badia-Tahull, María Teresa Miana-Mena, Beatriz Martínez-Castro, Neus Sunyer-Esquerrà, Mónica Sanmartin-Suñer, Juan González-Valdivieso, Elisabet Leiva-Badosa, Eva Martínez-Bernabé, Anna Murgadella-Sancho, Nuria Mirerachs-Aranda, Anna Vila-Bundó, Jordi Fernández-Morató, María Teresa Vitales-Farrero
OBJECTIVE: this study assessed the incidence of hyperglycemia, hypertriglyceridemia, and liver function test (LFT) alterations among patients older and younger than 65 years receiving parenteral nutrition (PN). A secondary objective was to compare the incidence of any of these three events. MATERIAL AND METHODS: inclusion criteria were non-critically ill adult inpatients receiving PN for ≥ 7 days in 15 hospitals in Spain. Exclusion criteria were hyperglycemia, hypertriglyceridemia, LFT alterations, sepsis, shock, pancreatic/hepatobiliary surgery, renal failure, diabetes mellitus (DM) type 1, insulin-treated DM type 2, acute DM complications, or obesity prior to PN...
February 27, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750814/one-year-mortality-after-recovery-from-critical-illness-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#17
Sharukh Lokhandwala, Ned McCague, Abdullah Chahin, Braiam Escobar, Mengling Feng, Mohammad M Ghassemi, David J Stone, Leo Anthony Celi
RATIONALE: Factors associated with one-year mortality after recovery from critical illness are not well understood. Clinicians generally lack information regarding post-hospital discharge outcomes of patients from the intensive care unit, which may be important when counseling patients and families. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine which factors among patients who survived for at least 30 days post-ICU admission are associated with one-year mortality. METHODS: Single-center, longitudinal retrospective cohort study of all ICU patients admitted to a tertiary-care academic medical center from 2001-2012 who survived ≥30 days from ICU admission...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725741/-metabolic-management-and-nutrition-in-critically-ill-patients-with-renal-dysfunction-recommendations-from-the-renal-section-of-the-dgiin-%C3%A3-giain-and-divi
#18
W Druml, M Joannidis, S John, A Jörres, M Schmitz, J Kielstein, D Kindgen-Milles, M Oppert, V Schwenger, C Willam, A Zarbock
BACKGROUND: Intensive care patients with renal failure or insufficiency comprise a heterogeneous group of subjects with widely differing metabolic patterns and nutritional requirements. They include subjects with various stages of acute kidney injury (AKI), acute-on-chronic renal failure (A-CKD), without/with renal replacement therapy (RRT), chronic kidney disease (CKD), and subjects on regular hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis therapy (HD/PD). GOALS: Development of recommendations by the renal section of DGIIN (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internistische Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin), ÖGIAIN (Österreichische Gesellschaft für Internistische und Allgemeine Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin) and DIVI (Deutsche Interdisziplinäre Vereinigung für Intensiv- und Notfallmedizin) for the metabolic management and the planning, indication, implementation, and monitoring of nutrition therapy in this heterogeneous group of patients...
June 2018: Medizinische Klinik, Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725650/effect-of-frequent-dialysis-on-renal-recovery-results-from-the-acute-renal-failure-trial-network-study
#19
Anitha Vijayan, Rowena B Delos Santos, Tingting Li, Charles W Goss, Paul M Palevsky
Introduction: The optimal frequency of intermittent hemodialysis (IHD) in the treatment of acute kidney injury (AKI) remains unclear. Increasing the frequency of IHD, while offering the possible advantage of reduced ultrafiltration requirement and less hemodynamic instability per session, amplifies patient contact with an extracorporeal circuit with possible deleterious cardiovascular and immunological consequences. A recent study suggested that intensive renal replacement therapy (RRT) is associated with a decrease in urine output during AKI...
March 2018: KI Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706818/multiple-admissions-to-the-coronary-care-unit-due-to-falsely-elevated-cardiac-troponin
#20
Mohamed Ayan, Zaid Gheith, Aneesha Ananthula, Mohsin Salih, Srikanth Vallurupalli, Jawahar L Mehta
The measurement of cardiac troponin, released from injured cardiomyocytes, is of paramount importance in the diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction. Elevated troponin can be encountered, however, in patients with cardiomyopathy, significant cardiac arrhythmias, vasculitis, right-sided heart strain, critical systemic illnesses, stroke, drug toxicity (such as Adriamycin), poisons (such as snake venoms), renal failure, seizure, and rhabdomyolysis. If the clinical picture is not consistent with any of these causes, a false-positive result should be considered...
April 2018: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
keyword
keyword
162748
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"