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Anesthesiology 2016

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30303868/best-practices-for-postoperative-brain-health-recommendations-from-the-fifth-international-perioperative-neurotoxicity-working-group
#1
Miles Berger, Katie J Schenning, Charles H Brown, Stacie G Deiner, Robert A Whittington, Roderic G Eckenhoff, Martin S Angst, Sinziana Avramescu, Alex Bekker, Marek Brzezinski, Greg Crosby, Deborah J Culley, Maryellen Eckenhoff, Lars I Eriksson, Lis Evered, Jim Ibinson, Richard P Kline, Andy Kofke, Daqing Ma, Joseph P Mathew, Mervyn Maze, Beverley A Orser, Catherine C Price, David A Scott, Brendan Silbert, Diansan Su, Niccolo Terrando, Dian-Shi Wang, Huafeng Wei, Zhoncong Xie, Zhiyi Zuo
As part of the American Society of Anesthesiology Brain Health Initiative goal of improving perioperative brain health for older patients, over 30 experts met at the fifth International Perioperative Neurotoxicity Workshop in San Francisco, CA, in May 2016, to discuss best practices for optimizing perioperative brain health in older adults (ie, >65 years of age). The objective of this workshop was to discuss and develop consensus solutions to improve patient management and outcomes and to discuss what older adults should be told (and by whom) about postoperative brain health risks...
October 9, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30298686/a-simple-screening-tool-to-predict-outcomes-in-older-adults-undergoing-emergency-general-surgery
#2
Davide Zattoni, Isacco Montroni, Nicole Marie Saur, Anna Garutti, Maria Letizia Bacchi Reggiani, Caterina Galetti, Pietro Calogero, Valeria Tonini
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether the Flemish version of the Triage Risk Screening Tool (fTRST) can be used to accurately assess frailty in an emergency setting. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: of a tertiary referral hospital. PATIENTS: All individuals aged 70 and older consecutively admitted to the emergency surgery unit with an urgent need for abdominal surgery between December 2015 and May 2016 who met inclusion criteria (N=110)...
October 9, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30280908/percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-with-different-temperature-irrigation-and-effects-on-surgical-complications-and-anesthesiology-applications
#3
Bulent Kati, Evren Buyukfirat, Sabri Pelit, İsmail Yagmur, Mehmet Demir, Ibrahim Halil Albayrak, Halil Ciftci
OBJECTIVE: Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) is a widely accepted and frequently performed operation for large kidney stones. However, there is not much information about the effects of irrigation fluid temperature as well as many other factors that affect success and complications during the operation. In this study, we aimed to investigate the surgical and anesthesiological effects of irrigation fluid used in body temperature and room temperature during and after PCNL. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 108 PCNL patients were performed between June 2016 and April 2018...
October 3, 2018: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30266431/perceptions-attitudes-and-practices-of-french-junior-physicians-regarding-antibiotic-use-and-resistance
#4
C Lévin, N Thilly, M Dousak, G Beraud, M Klesnik, S Uhan, D Nathwani, B Beovic, C Pulcini
OBJECTIVES: To assess the perceptions, attitudes, and practices of French junior physicians regarding antibiotic use and resistance, and then to identify the characteristics of junior physicians associated with appropriate practices of antibiotic use. METHOD: European junior physicians received an email invitation to complete a 49 item web questionnaire between September 2015 and January 2016. We present the French data. Multivariate regression models were used to identify the characteristics of junior physicians associated with appropriate prescription practices and with consideration of the antibiotic prescription consequences...
September 25, 2018: Médecine et Maladies Infectieuses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30234667/the-degree-of-adherence-to-consort-reporting-guidelines-for-the-abstracts-of-randomised-clinical-trials-published-in-anaesthesia-journals-a-cross-sectional-study-of-reporting-adherence-in-2010-and-2016
#5
Jeffrey T Y Chow, Timothy P Turkstra, Edmund Yim, Philip M Jones
BACKGROUND: Abstracts are intended to be concise summaries of the entire randomised clinical trial (RCT). Despite their importance, few studies have examined the reporting quality of abstracts in the anaesthesiology literature. OBJECTIVES: To examine the quality of RCT abstract reporting according to the CONSORT for Abstracts guidelines and determine whether recommended items omitted from the abstract were present in the body of the article. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study of RCTs...
September 17, 2018: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30213168/impact-of-multidisciplinary-spine-conferences-on-surgical-planning-and-perioperative-care-in-elective-lumbar-spine-surgeries
#6
Khodadad Namiranian, Edward John Norris, James Gregory Jolissaint, Jigar Bharat Patel, Celeste Marie Lombardi
STUDY DESIGN: Pre- and post-implementation analysis. PURPOSE: We examined the impact of implementing multidisciplinary spine conferences-"spine board" reviews-on the general utilization of elective lumbar spine surgeries in a tertiary medical institute. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: A multidisciplinary approach to spine care reportedly improves the appropriate utilization of surgical spine procedures. METHODS: A multidisciplinary spine board was established to review candidates selected for elective lumbar spine surgery...
October 2018: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30198919/intraoperative-mortality-in-malawi
#7
Meghan Prin, Stephanie Pan, Janey Phelps, Godfrey Phiri, Guohua Li, Anthony Charles
BACKGROUND: Surgical care is essential to improving population health, but metrics to monitor and evaluate the continuum of surgical care delivery have rarely been applied in low-resource settings, and improved efforts at benchmarking progress are needed. The objective of this study was to measure the intraoperative mortality at a Central Referral Hospital in Malawi, evaluate whether there have been changes in intraoperative mortality between 2 time periods, and assess factors associated with intraoperative mortality...
September 6, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30100834/representation-of-south-asian-countries-in-five-high-impact-anesthesia-journals
#8
Mohammad Irfan Akhtar, Karima Karam, Fauzia Anis Khan
Context: The South Asian region is comprised of eight countries, i.e., Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Afghanistan, Bhutan, Nepal, and Maldives. There is dearth of literature documenting anesthesia research in this region. Aim: The aim of this audit was to look at research productivity in the region by examining the volume and the type of anesthesia publication in five high-index anesthesia journals. Settings and Design: The study design was a survey of literature in the top five high-impact anesthesiology journals carried out at a tertiary care hospital...
July 2018: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30096082/status-of-women-in-academic-anesthesiology-a-10-year-update
#9
Martha A Bissing, Elizabeth M S Lange, Wilmer F Davila, Cynthia A Wong, Robert J McCarthy, M Christine Stock, Paloma Toledo
BACKGROUND: Gender inequity is still prevalent in today's medical workforce. Previous studies have investigated the status of women in academic anesthesiology. The objective of this study is to provide a current update on the status of women in academic anesthesiology. We hypothesized that while the number of women in academic anesthesiology has increased in the past 10 years, major gender disparities continue to persist, most notably in leadership roles. METHODS: Medical student, resident, and faculty data were obtained from the Association of American Medical Colleges...
August 9, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30095659/prophylactic-infusion-of-phenylephrine-increases-the-median-effective-dose-of-intrathecal-hyperbaric-bupivacaine-in-cesarean-section-a-prospective-randomized-study
#10
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Yin-Fa Zhang, Fei Xiao, Wen-Ping Xu, Lin Liu
BACKGROUND: Phenylephrine infusion to prevent spinal-induced hypotension can attenuate cephalic spread of intrathecal bupivacaine. Therefore, we suspected the intrathecal dose requirement for bupivacaine may differ when using phenylephrine infusion to prevent spinal-induced hypotension in cesarean section. We designed a prospective, randomized study to determine the ED50 of hyperbaric bupivacaine for cesarean section under combined spinal-epidural anesthesia in healthy parturients with and without prophylactic phenylephrine infusion to prevent spinal-induced hypotension...
August 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30074930/supervised-machine-learning-predictive-analytics-for-prediction-of-postinduction-hypotension
#11
Samir Kendale, Prathamesh Kulkarni, Andrew D Rosenberg, Jing Wang
WHAT WE ALREADY KNOW ABOUT THIS TOPIC: WHAT THIS ARTICLE TELLS US THAT IS NEW: BACKGROUND:: Hypotension is a risk factor for adverse perioperative outcomes. Machine learning methods allow large amounts of data for development of robust predictive analytics. The authors hypothesized that machine learning methods can provide prediction for the risk of postinduction hypotension METHODS:: Data was extracted from the electronic health record of a single quaternary care center from November 2015 to May 2016 for patients over age 12 that underwent general anesthesia, without procedure exclusions...
August 1, 2018: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30049265/gender-differences-in-career-development-awards-in-united-states-anesthesiology-and-surgery-departments-2006-2016
#12
Lena M Mayes, Cynthia A Wong, Shanta Zimmer, Ana Fernandez-Bustamante, Karsten Bartels
BACKGROUND: Although the status of women in anesthesiology has advanced by many measures, obtaining career development funding remains challenging. Here, we sought to compare the characteristics of funded career development awards from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) between the specialties of anesthesiology and surgery. We hypothesized that the two groups differ in percentage of faculty with awards, gender distribution among principal investigators, as well as the number of awards promoting diversity...
July 27, 2018: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30020101/reducing-the-incidence-of-substance-use-disorders-in-anesthesiology-residents-13-years-of-comprehensive-urine-drug-screening
#13
Michael G Fitzsimons, Keith Baker, Rajeev Malhotra, Andrew Gottlieb, Edward Lowenstein, Warren M Zapol
WHAT WE ALREADY KNOW ABOUT THIS TOPIC: WHAT THIS ARTICLE TELLS US THAT IS NEW: BACKGROUND:: The incidence of substance use disorders in the United States among residents in anesthesiology is between 1% and 2%. A recent study reported that the incidence of substance use disorders in U.S. anesthesiology residents has been increasing. There are no reports of effective methods to prevent substance use disorder in residents. A comprehensive drug testing program including a random component may reduce the incidence of substance use disorders...
July 17, 2018: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30013706/anaphylaxis-related-malpractice-lawsuits
#14
Rachel A Lindor, Erika M McMahon, Joseph P Wood, Annie T Sadosty, Eric T Boie, Ronna L Campbell
Introduction: Anaphylaxis continues to cause significant morbidity and mortality. Healthcare providers struggle to promptly recognize and appropriately treat anaphylaxis patients. The goal of this study was to characterize anaphylaxis-related malpractice lawsuits. Methods: We collected jury verdicts, settlements, and court opinions regarding alleged medical malpractice involving anaphylaxis from May 2011 through May 2016 from an online legal database (Thomson Reuters Westlaw)...
July 2018: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30010630/hemophagocytic-lymphohistiocytosis-potentially-underdiagnosed-in-intensive-care-units
#15
Gunnar Lachmann, Claudia Spies, Thomas Schenk, Frank M Brunkhorst, Felix Balzer, Paul La Rosée
BACKGROUND: Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis in adults (aHLH) is a rare life-threatening hyperinflammatory syndrome caused by excessive activation of macrophages and CD8+ T-cells. Due to the clinical overlap with severe sepsis, aHLH often remains undiagnosed resulting in poor outcome. Here, we present a retrospective study of incidence, clinical findings, and the outcome of aHLH in intensive care units (ICUs). METHODS: This retrospective analysis was performed at the university hospital Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin...
August 2018: Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29998303/prevalence-of-preoperative-opioid-use-and-characteristics-associated-with-opioid-use-among-patients-presenting-for-surgery
#16
Paul E Hilliard, Jennifer Waljee, Stephanie Moser, Lynn Metz, Michael Mathis, Jenna Goesling, David Cron, Daniel J Clauw, Michael Englesbe, Goncalo Abecasis, Chad M Brummett
Importance: Patterns of preoperative opioid use are not well characterized across different surgical services, and studies in this patient population have lacked important self-reported data of pain and affect. Objectives: To assess the prevalence of preoperative opioid use and the characteristics of these patients in a broadly representative surgical cohort. Design, Setting, and Participants: Cross-sectional, observational study of patients undergoing surgery at a tertiary care academic medical center...
October 1, 2018: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29994940/the-road-to-accreditation-for-fellowship-training-in-regional-anesthesiology-and-acute-pain-medicine
#17
Edward R Mariano, Richard W Rosenquist
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to provide the background and rationale for pursuing accreditation of regional anesthesiology and acute pain medicine (RAAPM) fellowships, explain specific steps and challenges in the process, and forecast the future of fellowship training. RECENT FINDINGS: In 2016, the first fellowship program in RAAPM was able to apply for accreditation from the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME). The establishment of this newly accredited subspecialty fellowship and the announcement of the first accredited programs represented a tremendous achievement in anesthesiology training and medical education in general and was the culmination of nearly 4 years of dedicated effort...
October 2018: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29978522/the-use-of-systematic-reviews-to-justify-anaesthesiology-trials-a-meta-epidemiological-study
#18
A Engelking, M Cavar, L Puljak
AIMS: New randomized clinical trials (RCTs) should be initiated if previous systematic reviews (SRs) indicate that new trials are needed. We analysed whether RCTs published in anaesthesiology journals mentioned previous SRs as a rationale for conducting trial and for discussing results. METHODS: This was a meta-epidemiological, descriptive cross-sectional study. We analysed RCTs published in the seven first-quartile anaesthesiology journals between 2014 and 2016...
July 5, 2018: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29963611/medical-education-for-generation-z-everything-online-an-analysis-of-internet-based-media-use-by-teachers-in-medicine
#19
Markus Vogelsang, Katrin Rockenbauch, Hermann Wrigge, Wolfgang Heinke, Gunther Hempel
Aim: The aims of this study were to gain an overview of the web-based media used during the clinical phase of medical study at German medical schools and to identify the resources needed for web-based media use. Also examined were the influences on web-based media use, for instance, the assessment of their suitability for use in teaching. Method: An online survey of 264 teacher coordinators in internal medicine, surgery, anesthesiology, gynecology, pediatrics and psychiatry was conducted in March and April, 2016...
2018: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29958214/emergency-manual-implementation-in-a-large-academic-anesthesia-practice-strategy-and-improvement-in-performance-on-critical-steps
#20
Stephen J Gleich, Amy C S Pearson, Kevin C Lindeen, Ryan E Hofer, George D Gilkey, Luann F Borst, Dawit T Haile, David P Martin
BACKGROUND: The use of cognitive aids, such as emergency manuals (EMs), improves team performance on critical steps during crisis events. In our large academic anesthesia practice, we sought to broadly implement an EM and subsequently evaluate team member performance on critical steps. METHODS: We observed the phases of implementing an EM at a large academic anesthesia practice from 2013 to 2016, including the formation of the EM implementation team, identification of preferred EM characteristics, consideration of institution-specific factors, selection of the preferred EM, recognition of logistical barriers, and staff education...
June 28, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
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