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Extracapsular cataract extraction

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30065652/effects-of-pranoprofen-on-aqueous-humor-monocyte-chemoattractant-protein-1-level-and-pain-relief-during-second-eye-cataract-surgery
#1
Yinglei Zhang, Yu Du, Yongxiang Jiang, Xiangjia Zhu, Yi Lu
The aim of our present study is to evaluate the efficacy of pranoprofen eye drops as pain relief during sequential second-eye cataract surgery and to investigate the possible mechanism. Seventy-six patients scheduled for bilateral sequential cataract surgery were randomly assigned to two groups: (1) treatment group (administered pranoprofen eye drops), or (2) control group (administered artificial tears). Preoperative anxiety and intraoperative pain were assessed. Monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1) in the aqueous humor was measured with a suspension cytokine array...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30025084/aldose-reductase-inhibition-prevents-development-of-posterior-capsular-opacification-in-an-in-vivo-model-of-cataract-surgery
#2
Leonid M Zukin, Michelle G Pedler, Sergio Groman-Lupa, Mina Pantcheva, David A Ammar, J Mark Petrash
Purpose: Cataract surgery is a procedure by which the lens fiber cell mass is removed from its capsular bag and replaced with a synthetic intraocular lens. Postoperatively, remnant lens epithelial cells can undergo an aberrant wound healing response characterized by an epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT), leading to posterior capsular opacification (PCO). Aldose reductase (AR) inhibition has been shown to decrease EMT markers in cell culture models. In this study, we aim to demonstrate that AR inhibition can attenuate induction of EMT markers in an in vivo model of cataract surgery...
July 2, 2018: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29930443/vitreous-loss-causes-associations-and-outcomes-eight-year-analysis-in-melaka-hospital
#3
Thanigasalam Thevi, Adinegara Lutfi Abas
BACKGROUND: Cataract surgery is associated with a variety of complications, one of which is vitreous loss. Doctors and policymakers should be aware about the precipitating factors, associations, and expected outcomes of vitreous loss. This study was, therefore, undertaken to set guidelines to improve the visual outcomes of patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective 8-year analysis was conducted from 2007 to 2014 using the national eye database. Demographic features, ocular comorbidities, grade of surgeon, type of surgery, and the associations with the occurrence of vitreous loss, and the final visual outcomes of these patients were studied...
May 2018: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789157/comparison-of-fibrotic-response-in-the-human-lens-capsular-bag-after-femtosecond-laser-assisted-cataract-surgery-and-conventional-phacoemulsification
#4
Christian M Wertheimer, Mehdi Shajari, Thomas Kohnen, Annabel von Studnitz, Stefan Kassumeh, Socrates Dimitriou, Ralf Lieberz, Imad Hakim, Siegfried G Priglinger, Wolfgang J Mayer
PURPOSE: To compare the effect of different laser pulse energy settings in femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery with that of standard phacoemulsification and no energy at all used on posterior capsule opacification (PCO) in vitro. SETTING: Cell and Molecular Biology Research Laboratory, Department of Ophthalmology, Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich, Real Eyes, Ophthalmology Center, Munich, and Institute for Clinical Pathology, Goethe University Frankfurt, Frankfurt, Germany...
June 2018: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785984/residency-evaluation-and-adherence-design-study-iii-ophthalmology-residency-training-in-india-then-and-now-improving-with-time
#5
Partha Biswas, Parikshit Madhav Gogate, Quresh Badr Maskati, Sundaram Natarajan, Lalit Verma, Payal K Bansal
Purpose: To gauge the differences in ophthalmology residency training, academic, clinical and surgical, in the last three decades of the 20th century and the first decade of the 21st century. Methods: A survey was conducted by the Academic and Research Committee of the All India Ophthalmological Society, in 2014-2016, using a prevalidated questionnaire, which was circulated to ophthalmologists to gauge the practicality of the teaching protocols of clinical and surgical skills during postgraduate residency program...
June 2018: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750298/role-of-smad3-signaling-in-the-epithelial%C3%A2-mesenchymal-transition-of-the-lens-epithelium-following-injury
#6
Fanlan Meng, Jun Li, Xiao Yang, Xiaoyong Yuan, Xin Tang
Transforming growth factor‑β (TGF‑β) is important in the development of posterior capsule opacification (PCO), and inhibition of the TGF‑β pathway may represent a novel method of treating PCO. Drosophila protein, mothers against decapentaplegic homolog 3 (Smad3) is a phosphorylated receptor‑activated Smad required for the transmission of TGF‑β signals. Smad3 knockout (KO) disturbs the activation of TGF‑β signaling, thus inhibiting the onset of PCO. In the present study, lens epithelial cell (LEC) damage induced by extracapsular cataract extraction was simulated by puncture of the anterior capsule using a 26‑gauge hypodermic needle...
August 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450399/functional-results-of-cataract-surgery-in-the-treatment-of-phacomorphic-glaucoma
#7
Andreea Moraru, Gabriela Pînzaru, Anca Moţoc, Dănuţ Costin
Purpose. Analysis of functional outcome and complications reported in patients diagnosed with phacomorphic glaucoma, in which phacoemulsification or extracapsular extraction of the lens was performed. Methods. The retrospective study included 38 eyes diagnosed with phacomorphic glaucoma. In 25 cases, group 1, the lens was removed by phacoemulsification and in 13 cases, group 2, by extracapsular extraction. Intraocular pressure, visual acuity, and anterior chamber depth were evaluated preoperative and postoperative...
July 2017: Romanian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325387/-clinical-effects-of-pediatric-penetrating-keratoplasty-for-congenital-corneal-opacity
#8
S W Li, C Liu, T H Chen, J H Ning, T Zhang, F J Lyu, M Xu
Objective: To report the clinical results of pediatric penetrating keratoplasty (PKP) in patients under 3 years old with congenital corneal opacity. Methods: Retrospective study. Sixteen eyes of 12 patients who were treated with PKP in Aier Eye Hospital Group from June 2009 to December 2016 were enrolled in this study. All the patients were diagnosed as congenital corneal opacities: 8 cases (11 eyes) with Peter's anomaly I, 2 cases (3 eyes) with sclerocornea, and 2 cases (2 eyes) with corneal dermoid tumor combined with iris synechia...
December 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208830/lens-decompression-technique-for-prevention-of-intraoperative-complications-during-phacoemulsification-of-intumescent-cataract
#9
Karim Mahmoud Nabil
PURPOSE: To evaluate intraoperative complications during phacoemulsification of intumescent cataract using lens decompression technique. METHODS: Participants with intumescent cataract scheduled for phacoemulsification were recruited and divided into two groups. In both groups, after the anterior capsule was stained with trypan blue, the anterior chamber was filled peripherally with a dispersive ophthalmic viscosurgical device (OVD) followed centrally by a higher viscosity cohesive OVD (Healon GV)...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187930/stages-of-development-of-traditional-simulation-unit-of-surgery-for-manual-extra-capsular-cataract-extraction-in-sub-saharan-african-region
#10
Yannick Bilong, Vikas Mahatme, Ngoune Nanfack, Sapate Santosh, Lucienne Assumpta Bella, Côme Ebana Mvogo
The manual extracapsular extraction of the lens is the surgical technique that is most practiced for the treatment of cataract in sub-Saharan Africa. Learning this technique requires the creation of a surgical simulation unit within training institutes. We describe the development stages of a traditional simulation unit. For this purpose, we present a description of four steps involved in the development of a simulation unit for cataract surgery: the physical creation of the room, the aseptic and antisepsis conditions, the management of the eyes, the development of a curriculum and the administrative policies...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063900/demographic-characteristics-and-visual-status-of-patients-undergoing-cataract-surgery-at-a-tertiary-hospital-in-kano-nigeria
#11
Musbahu Sani Kurawa, Lawan Abdu
Objective/Purpose: To describe the demographic and baseline ocular characteristics, prevalence of blindness and visual impairment among patients undergoing extracapsular cataract extraction for age related cataract at the study hospital over a one year period. Materials/Patients: All consecutive patients aged 40 years and above identified with age related cataract in one or both eyes who voluntarily agree to participate were included. METHODS: The study adhered to the tenets of the Helsinki declaration...
October 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858085/evaluation-of-an-interlaced-triple-procedure-penetrating-keratoplasty-extracapsular-cataract-extraction-and-nonopen-sky-intraocular-lens-implantation
#12
Shuo Yang, Bin Wang, Yangyang Zhang, Hualei Zhai, Junyi Wang, Shuang Wang, Lixin Xie
To evaluate an interlaced triple procedure that involved penetrating keratoplasty (PKP), extracapsular cataract extraction (ECCE) using diathermy capsulotomy, and nonopen-sky intraocular lens (IOL) implantation.This retrospective study involved data from 34 patients who were diagnosed with severe corneal opacities and cataracts. These patients were divided into an interlaced procedure group (21 patients) and a traditional procedure group (13 patients). In the interlaced group, the method of continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis (CCC) was completed via diathermy capsulotomy...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775552/evaluation-of-ocular-deviations-and-ptosis-after-cataract-surgery
#13
K Shyam Sundar, M Deshpande, V S Gurunadh, M G Palit, V Baijal
There is a paucity in world literature of a prospective study on post cataract strabismus and in Indian literature on post cataract ptosis. 150 cataract patients without pre-existing strabismus or ptosis were subjected to standard extracapsular cataract extraction with posterior chamber intraocular lens implantation under 2 point peribulbar anaesthesia and were post-operatively evaluated for strabismus and ptosis. At the end of first week, there were 10/150 (6.67%) cases of strabismus, 13/150 (8.67%) cases of ptosis and 5/150 (3...
January 1999: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730112/evaluation-of-antioxidants-and-argpyrimidine-in-normal-and-cataractous-lenses-in-north-indian-population
#14
Bharani K Mynampati, Sujata Ghosh, Thungapathra Muthukumarappa, Jagat Ram
AIM: To assess the level of glutathione, thioltransferase, and argpyrimidine in nuclear and cortical cataractous lenses as well as in the clear lenses in the north Indian population. METHODS: Human cataractous lenses were collected from the patients who underwent extracapsular cataract extraction surgery; clear lenses were collected from the freshly donated eye bank eyes. Antioxidant molecules such as glutathione and thioltransferase enzyme activity were measured; simultaneously in these lenses a blue fluorophore argpyrimidine, an advanced glycation end (AGE) product level was assessed using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611131/a-retrospective-study-on-the-incidence-of-post-cataract-surgery-descemet-s-membrane-detachment-and-outcome-of-air-descemetopexy
#15
Annamalai Odayappan, Narayana Shivananda, Seema Ramakrishnan, Tiruvengada Krishnan, Sivagami Nachiappan, Smitha Krishnamurthy
PURPOSE: To study the anatomic and functional outcome of air descemetopexy in postcataract surgery Descemet's membrane detachment (DMD). DESIGN: Retrospective study. METHODS: Setting: Institutional. STUDY POPULATION: Records of 112 patients who underwent air descemetopexy for postcataract surgery sight-threatening DMD at Aravind Eye Hospital, Pondicherry, between January 2013 and December 2015 were studied. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Anatomical outcome refers to reattachment of the Descemet's membrane (DM)...
February 2018: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317677/trends-in-cataract-surgery-training-curricula
#16
Mona Lotfipour, Ramunas Rolius, Erik B Lehman, Seth M Pantanelli, Ingrid U Scott
PURPOSE: To evaluate trends in cataract surgery training curricula and factors affecting timing of resident participation as a primary surgeon. SETTING: Pennsylvania State College of Medicine, Hershey, Pennsylvania, USA. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study of anonymous survey results. METHODS: A description of the study and link to an online survey was e-mailed to program directors of each ophthalmology residency training program accredited by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME)...
January 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163755/the-effect-of-horizontal-extraocular-muscle-surgery-on-the-heimann-bielschowsky-phenomenon
#17
Se Rang Choi, Seung-Hee Baek, Ungsoo Samuel Kim
We report the effect of horizontal extraocular muscle surgery of Heimann-Bielshowsky phenomenon. A 52-year-old woman complained of binocular diplopia for a few months. In 2000, she underwent extracapsular cataract extraction with intraocular lens implantation in the right eye. After surgery, the diplopia persisted and developed further. She showed an esodeviation of 60 prism dioptres at near fixation and distance fixation. Cortical opacity and nucleus sclerosis were observed in the left lens, and phacoemulsification with intraocular lens implantation was performed in the left eye in October 2011...
2013: Neuro-ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27958204/results-and-safety-profile-of-trainee-cataract-surgeons-in-a-community-setting-in-east-africa
#18
Nikolaos Mavrakanas, Kazim A Dhalla, Jerry Jecha, Imani Kapesa, Capucine Odouard, Ian Murdoch
PURPOSE: To evaluate the results and safety profile of assistant medical officer ophthalmologists (AMO-O) performing cataract surgery in the last stage of their surgical training, before their appointment to local communities. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the records of patients who underwent cataract surgery by AMO-Os at Dar es Salaam, Comprehensive Community Based Rehabilitation for Tanzania Disability Hospital between September 2008 and June 2011. Surgical options were either extracapsular cataract extraction (ECCE) or manual small incision cataract surgery (MSICS), both with polymethylmethacrylate intraocular lens implantation...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27569238/effects-of-cataract-surgery-on-endothelium-in-transplanted-corneal-grafts-comparison-of-extracapsular-cataract-extraction-and-phacoemulsification-for-complicated-cataract-after-penetrating-keratoplasty
#19
Hong-Wei Zhou, Li-Xin Xie
BACKGROUND: The endothelium should be carefully evaluated when choosing a surgical technique for cataract removal. Therefore, we aimed to study the effects of different cataract surgery techniques on endothelial cell loss in transplanted corneal grafts. METHODS: A total of 54 patients who received complicated cataract surgery in post-penetrating keratoplasty (PKP) eyes at the Shandong Eye Institute between February 2001 and June 2014 were included, and clinical records were reviewed...
September 5, 2016: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27559289/quantitative-proteomics-analysis-with-itraq-in-human-lenses-with-nuclear-cataracts-of-different-axial-lengths
#20
Haiyan Zhou, Hong Yan, Weijia Yan, Xinchuan Wang, Yong Ma, Jianping Wang
PURPOSE: The goal of this study was to identify and quantify the differentially expressed proteins in human nuclear cataract with different axial lengths. METHODS: Thirty-six samples of human lens nuclei with hardness grade III or IV were obtained during cataract surgery with extracapsular cataract extraction (ECCE). Six healthy transparent human lens nuclei were obtained from fresh healthy cadaver eyes during corneal transplantation surgery. The lens nuclei were divided into seven groups (six lenses in each group) according to the optic axis: Group A (mean axial length 28...
2016: Molecular Vision
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