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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30316190/the-identification-of-dark-cutting-beef-carcasses-in-australia-using-nix-pro-color-sensor%C3%A2-colour-measures-and-their-relationship-to-bolar-blade-striploin-and-topside-quality-traits
#1
Benjamin W B Holman, Matthew J Kerr, Stephen Morris, David L Hopkins
Within 24 h post-mortem, loin surfaces of Australian beef carcasses (n = 436) were evaluated using the Nix Pro Color Sensor™ (NIX). The potential for colorimetrics (L*, a*, b*, hue and chroma) to discriminate between dark cutting (DC) and non-dark cutting (nDC) carcasses was compared. For this purpose, a chroma threshold of 30.5 delivered maximum total sensitivity and specificity. The bolar blade, striploin and topside from a selection of DC and nDC carcasses were also removed, aged for 14 d and tested for shear force, drip loss, cooking loss, ultimate pH, colour change over 3 d display (ΔE), and sarcomere length...
October 4, 2018: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30310642/spontaneous-resolution-of-a-spontaneous-steinstrasse-a-case-report
#2
Egemen Tezcan, Rebecca Burrell, Daniel J Bell, Stefanos Almpanis
A 63-year-old man presented with a 4-day history of right sided loin-to-groin pain. Computed tomography imaging revealed a 22 mm by 7 mm volume of contiguous ureteric calculi at the right vesicoureteric junction. Spontaneous steinstrasse was diagnosed with no recent history of extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) or other urological intervention to the right kidney. Metabolic testing was negative. An initial plan was made for urgent primary ureteroscopy and lithotripsy, however, the patient spontaneously passed 20-25 calculi at home whilst awaiting his operation date...
October 2018: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30292700/special-fed-veal-separable-components-proximate-composition-and-nutrient-analysis-of-selected-raw-and-cooked-wholesale-and-retail-cuts
#3
C C Perham, C L Gifford, D R Woerner, T E Engle, K S Sellins, R J Acheson, L W Douglass, J D Tatum, R J Delmore, A Cifelli, S H McNeill, K E Belk
Nutrition research continues to be important for consumers to make informed food purchasing decisions and is used in nutrition policy decisions. The objective of this study was to analyze the nutrient concentration of raw and cooked cuts from special-fed veal calves to update nutrient data in the USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference (SR) Release 27. Packages of wholesale (whole loin roasts, center-cut hindshanks and ground veal) and retail veal cuts (osso buco foreshanks, loin chops, leg cutlets and shoulder blade chops) were randomly collected in original vacuum packaging from six U...
September 22, 2018: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30282963/treatment-of-renal-fungal-ball-with-fluconazole-instillation-through-a-nephrostomy-tube-case-report-and-literature-review
#4
Osama Abdelhaleem Abdeljaleel, Ibrahim Alnadhari, Sara Mahmoud, Garegin Khachatryan, Morshed Salah, Omar Ali, Ahmad Shamsodini
BACKGROUND Urinary tract candida infection can be due either to hematogenous dissemination of the organism or a retrograde infection. In debilitated or immunosuppressed septic patients, who have upper urinary tract obstruction with renal filling defect, fungal infection should be considered. We report on a patient with sepsis and renal fungal ball who was treated with percutaneous nephrostomy and intravenous antifungal agent, but the patient did not respond so instillation of fluconazole through nephrostomy was given...
October 4, 2018: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30257415/chitosan-coating-inhibits-the-growth-of-listeria-monocytogenes-and-extends-the-shelf-life-of-vacuum-packed-pork-loins-at-4-%C3%A2-c
#5
Annalisa Serio, Clemencia Chaves-López, Giampiero Sacchetti, Chiara Rossi, Antonello Paparella
Chitosan coating is a promising method for food preservation. This study aims to fill the data gap regarding the application of chitosan (1% and 2%) on vacuum-packed fresh pork stored at 4 °C for 28 days, with particular attention on the effect on Listeria monocytogenes , inoculated as a cocktail of three strains. Chitosan at both concentrations was able to significantly reduce L. monocytogenes counts by more than 1.5 Log CFU/g with respect to control; moreover, it inhibited the growth of mesophilic bacteria and was particularly effective on lactic acid bacteria and yeasts...
September 25, 2018: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30251941/the-uw-lphs-test-a-new-test-to-predict-the-outcome-of-renal-autotransplant-for-loin-pain-hematuria-syndrome
#6
Hans W Sollinger, Talal Al-Qaoud, Natalie Bath, Robert R Redfield
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this pilot study were twofold. First, we aimed to elicit whether the "UW-LPHS test" definitively localizes pain from patients' loin pain hematuria syndrome to the ureter and thus proves our hypothesis. Second, we aimed to understand whether a positive UW-LPHS test predicts a successful outcome after renal autotransplant. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The UW-LPHS test is described in detail in this manuscript. Briefly, 0.5% bupivacaine is injected into the ureter of the affected side and kept there using a balloon catheter for 5 minutes...
September 25, 2018: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30247687/palatability-of-beef-chuck-loin-and-round-muscles-from-three-usda-quality-grades
#7
Kara M Nyquist, Travis G O'Quinn, Lindsey N Drey, Loni W Lucherk, J C Brooks, Mark F Miller, Jerrad F Legako
The objective of this study was to determine the palatability of various beef cuts from 3 USDA quality grades. Five different beef subprimals from USDA Prime, Choice, and Select (n = 10/quality grade) carcasses were utilized for the study, including: strip loins, inside rounds, bottom rounds, shoulder clods, and chuck rolls. Subprimals were fabricated into 9 retail cuts, which contained the following beef muscles: longissimus lumborum (LL); longissimus thoracis, complexus, and spinalis dorsi (LCS); infraspinatus (IF); serratus ventralis (SV); triceps brachii (TB); teres major (TM); adductor (AD); semimembranosus (SM); and biceps femoris (BF)...
September 29, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30208699/carcass-characteristics-and-meat-quality-of-purebred-pakchong-5-and-crossbred-pigs-sired-by-pakchong-5-or-duroc-boar
#8
Rachakris Lertpatarakomol, Rutcharin Limsupavanich, Chanporn Chaosap, Kamon Chaweewan, Ronachai Sitthigripong
Objective: This study investigated carcass characteristics and meat quality of purebred Pakchong 5, crossbred pigs sired by Pakchong 5, and crossbred pigs sired by Duroc. Methods: Forty-eight pigs (average body weight, BW of 22.25 kg) were composed of three groups as purebred Pakchong 5 (PP), Large White x Landrace pigs sired by Pakchong 5 (LWLRP), and Large White x Landrace pigs sired by Duroc (LWLRD). Each group consisted of eight gilts and eight barrows. At 109-day-raising period, pigs were slaughtered and carcass characteristics were evaluated...
September 13, 2018: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30189678/poly-1-trimethylsilyl-1-propyne-based-hybrid-membranes-effects-of-various-nanofillers-and-feed-gas-humidity-on-co%C3%A2-permeation
#9
Zhongde Dai, Vilde Løining, Jing Deng, Luca Ansaloni, Liyuan Deng
Poly(1-trimethylsilyl-1-propyne) (PTMSP) is a high free volume polymer with exceptionally high gas permeation rate but the serious aging problem and low selectivity have limited its application as CO₂ separation membrane material. Incorporating inorganic nanoparticles in polymeric membranes has been a common approach to improve the separation performance of membranes, which has also been used in PTMSP based membrane but mostly with respect to tackling the aging issues. Aiming at increasing the CO₂ selectivity, in this work, hybrid membranes containing four types of selected nanofillers (from 0 to 3D) were fabricated using PTMSP as the polymer matrix...
September 5, 2018: Membranes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30185678/sonographic-assessment-of-urolithiasis-in-university-of-abuja-teaching-hospital-nigeria
#10
Udugh Iortyom Isaac, F U Idigo, J Y Chinda
Background: Urolithiasis may result in many complications including renal failure. There is a paucity of documented scientific study on the prevalence of urolithiasis in the University of Abuja Teaching Hospital within the Federal Capital Territory, Nigeria. The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of urolithiasis in patients undergoing ultrasound at University of Abuja Teaching Hospital. Materials and Methods: This study which adopted a survey approach was conducted at the Department of Radiology, University of Abuja Teaching Hospital between June 2014 and May 2015...
July 2018: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30152309/genetic-parameters-of-backfat-fatty-acids-and-carcass-traits-in-large-white-pigs
#11
R Davoli, G Catillo, A Serra, M Zappaterra, P Zambonelli, D Meo Zilio, R Steri, M Mele, L Buttazzoni, V Russo
Subcutaneous fat thickness and fatty acid composition (FAC) play an important role on seasoning loss and organoleptic characteristics of seasoned hams. Dry-cured ham industry prefers meats with low contents of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) because these negatively affect fat firmness and ham quality, whereas consumers require higher contents in those fatty acids (FA) for their positive effect on human health. A population of 950 Italian Large White pigs from the Italian National Sib Test Selection Programme was investigated with the aim to estimate heritabilities, genetic and phenotypic correlations of backfat FAC, Semimembranosus muscle intramuscular fat (IMF) content and other carcass traits...
August 28, 2018: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30150813/modified-atmosphere-packaging-for-lamb-meat-evaluation-of-gas-composition-in-the-extension-of-shelf-life-and-consumer-acceptance
#12
Isabela Rodrigues, Marco Antonio Trindade, Ana Flávia Palu, Juliana Cristina Baldin, César Gonçalves de Lima, Maria Teresa de Alvarenga Freire
Convenience foods like chilled meat usually have a short shelf life. Modified atmosphere packaging (MAP) can be used together with refrigeration to retard meat degradation. This work evaluated the effect of MAP on the preservation and consumers acceptance of lamb meat. Lamb loins Longissimus lumborum were packed in five conditions: 15% O2  + 85% CO2 (O15), 30% O2  + 70% CO2 (O30), 45% O2  + 55% CO2 (O45), 60% O2  + 40% CO2 (O60), and Vacuum (control). Physicochemical, sensory, and microbiological analyses were carried out along 21 days of refrigerated (1 ± 1 °C) storage...
September 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30142508/effects-of-usda-quality-grade-and-cooking-on-water-soluble-precursors-of-beef-flavor
#13
T T N Dinh, J F Legako, M F Miller, J C Brooks
The objective of the current study was to determine the effects of three USDA quality grades and cooking on the water-soluble flavor precursors of beef Longissimus lumborum. Raw and cooked steaks from beef strip loins of USDA Prime (PR; n = 8), Low-Choice (LC; n = 8), and Standard (ST; n = 8) were analyzed for extractable free amino acids, reducing sugars, and other nitrogenous organic compounds (NOCs). Overall, two-way quality grade × cooking interactions were found for the contents of most water-soluble precursors (Pquality grade × cooking  < 0...
December 2018: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30111385/intramuscular-fat-content-in-different-muscles-locations-weights-and-genotype-sexes-and-its-prediction-in-live-pigs-with-computed-tomography
#14
M Font-I-Furnols, A Brun, M Gispert
Intramuscular fat (IMF) content depends on sex, genotype and diet and varies with pig growth. The aim of the present work was to determine the evolution of IMF by genotype-sex, muscle and muscle location, to determine relationships between IMF content of different muscles and to predict IMF in live pigs with computed tomography (CT). For this purpose, 155 pigs of seven combinations of genotype-sex were CT scanned and slaughtered at 70, 100 and 120 kg. From the carcasses, fat thickness was measured at several locations along the midline...
August 16, 2018: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30106476/physicochemical-microstructural-and-microbiological-properties-of-skipjack-tuna-katsuwonus-pelamis-after-high-pressure-processing
#15
Wittawat Jiranuntakul, Nutcha Nakwiang, Pieter Berends, Tunyawat Kasemsuwan, Thunyarat Saetung, Sakamon Devahastin
Properties of skipjack tuna loins subjected to high-pressure processing (HPP) at 150 to 600 MPa for 1 to 5 min were compared with those of loin that underwent steam cooking for 10 min. Protein denaturation in HPP-treated loins increased with increasing pressure level, but these loins retained between 1.1% and 2.4% more water than steam-cooked loin. Water holding capacity decreased from 57% to 44% when the loins were treated at 600 MPa. ΔE value of HPP loins was between 5.8 and 26.3 when treated at 150 to 600 MPa, whereas it was 34...
September 2018: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30104539/nutcracker-syndrome-in-children-role-of-doppler-ultrasonographic-indices-in-detecting-the-pattern-of-symptoms
#16
Hulya Nalcacioglu, Meltem Ceyhan Bilgici, Demet Tekcan, Gurkan Genc, Yakup Bostanci, Yarkin Kamil Yakupoglu, Saban Sarikaya, Ozan Ozkaya
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical characteristics of 44 pediatric patients who were diagnosed as having nutcracker syndrome (NCS). We also investigated the left renal vein Doppler ultrasonography (DUS) results, to determine whether or not there was an association between clinical symptoms and DUS findings among these patients. The clinical data from 44 pediatric patients who were diagnosed as having NCS from January 2008 to December 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. We grouped the patients according to the presenting symptoms as symptomatic (loin pain; macroscopic hematuria or both) and non-symptomatic (microscopic hematuria and proteinuria were detected incidentally) and evaluated the left renal vein DUS indices in these two groups separately...
August 13, 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30093358/robot-assisted-kidney-autotransplantation-a-minimally-invasive-way-to-salvage-kidneys
#17
Karel Decaestecker, Benjamin Van Parys, Jeroen Van Besien, Nicolas Doumerc, Liesbeth Desender, Caren Randon, Frederic De Ryck, Thomas Tailly, Matthias Beysens, Carl Van Haute, Diederik Ponette, Kathia De Man, Piet Hoebeke, Frank Vermassen
BACKGROUND: Kidney autotransplantation (KAT) is the ultimate way to salvage kidneys with complex renovascular, ureteral, or malignant pathologies that are not amenable to in situ reconstruction. A minimally invasive approach could broaden its adoption. OBJECTIVE: To describe operative technique, perioperative complications, and early functional outcomes of robot-assisted kidney autotransplantation (RAKAT). DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Retrospective review of prospectively collected data regarding consecutive patients undergoing RAKAT between March 2017 and February 2018 at two university hospitals...
March 2018: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30085155/correlation-comparisons-among-early-postmortem-loin-quality-and-aged-loin-and-pork-chop-quality-characteristics-between-finishing-pigs-from-either-duroc-or-pietrain-sires
#18
J E Lowell, E D Schunke, B N Harsh, E E Bryan, M F Overholt, C A Stahl, A C Dilger, D D Boler
Today, the U.S. exports 2.2 million t of pork and pork products annually, representing just over 26% of U.S. pork production. In order to meet specific demands of a growing export market, pork quality and carcass characteristics are now integrated into breeding objectives. Color and marbling are two loin quality traits that influence consumer acceptability of pork and while correlations between early and aged ventral quality have been established, it is unclear if those correlations differ between production objectives (meat quality vs...
August 4, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30073716/genetic-parameters-and-trends-for-production-traits-and-their-relationship-with-litter-traits-in-landrace-and-yorkshire-pigs
#19
Bryan Irvine M Lopez, Choulwon Song, Kangseok Seo
Genetic parameters and trends in the average daily gain (ADG), backfat thickness (BF), loin muscle area (LMA), lean percentage (LP), and age at 90 kg (D90) were estimated for populations of Landrace and Yorkshire pigs. Additionally, the correlations between these production traits and litter traits were estimated. Litter traits included total born (TB) and number born alive (NBA). The data used for this study were obtained from eight farms during 1999 to 2016. Analyses were carried out with a multivariate animal model to estimate genetic parameters for production traits while bivariate analyses were performed to estimate the correlations between production and litter traits...
August 2, 2018: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30071915/analysis-of-genetic-correlations-between-beef-traits-in-young-bulls-and-primiparous-cows-belonging-to-the-dual-purpose-rendena-breed
#20
N Guzzo, C Sartori, R Mantovani
Selection for beef traits in Italian dual-purpose breeds is often carried out using growth and in vivo conformation recorded on young, performance tested bulls and muscularity traits scored during routinely linear type evaluation on primiparous cows. In this context, the knowledge of the genetic structure of traits obtained in different sexes and at different times is necessary for a proper selection plan. This study aimed to estimate, in the local dual-purpose Rendena breed, the genetic relationships between muscularity linear type traits from primiparous cows, the same traits scored on candidate young bulls, and the performance test traits recorded in candidate young bulls...
August 3, 2018: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
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