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Bruno Palazzo Nazar, Camila Bernardes, Gemma Peachey, Joseph Sergeant, Paulo Mattos, Janet Treasure
OBJECTIVE: There has been interest in whether people with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) are at higher risk of developing an Eating Disorder (ED). The aim of this study was estimate the size of this association with a meta-analysis of studies. METHODS: We retrieved studies following PRISMA guidelines from a broad range of databases. RESULTS: Twelve studies fitted our primary aim in investigating ED in ADHD populations (ADHD = 4,013/Controls = 29,404), and five exploring ADHD in ED populations (ED = 1,044/Controls = 11,292)...
December 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
José A Alda, César Soutullo, Josep A Ramos-Quiroga, Javier Quintero, Amaia Hervás, Isabel Hernández-Otero, Anna Sans-Fitó, Esther Cardo-Jalón Cardo-Jalón, Alberto Fernández-Jaén, Maximino Fernández-Pérez, M Inés Hidalgo-Vicario, Lefa S Eddy-Ives, Javier Sánchez
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common neurobiological disorders in childhood, and is characterized by inappropriate levels of inattention, hyperactivity and/or impulsiveness, with an estimated prevalence of 5.29%. ADHD can have a negative impact upon all areas of the life of the patient. The main clinical guides accept multimodal treatment, involving both pharmacological and psychological measures, as the best management approach in ADHD (psychoeducational, behavioural and academic)...
December 2014: Actas Españolas de Psiquiatría
Benjamin Piñeiro-Dieguez, Vicent Balanzá-Martínez, Pilar García-García, Begoña Soler-López
Objective: The CAT (Comorbilidad en Adultos con TDAH) study aimed to quantify and characterize the psychiatric comorbidity at the time of diagnosis of ADHD in adult outpatients. Method: Cross-sectional, multicenter, observational register of adults with ADHD diagnosed for the first time. Results: In this large sample of adult ADHD (n = 367), psychiatric comorbidities were present in 66.2% of the sample, and were more prevalent in males and in the hyperactive-impulsive and combined subtypes. The most common comorbidities were substance use disorders (39...
January 24, 2014: Journal of Attention Disorders
Carmen Flores-Mendoza, Keith Widaman, Marcela Mansur-Alves, Tatiane Dias Bacelar, Renata Saldanha
The relations of Gf (Standard Progressive Matrices Raven), Gc (verbal scale of Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Third Version), personality dimensions (Eysenck Personality Questionnaire-Junior Version), and disruptive behavior (TDAH scale) with school achievement (measured by TDE test and PISA test) were investigated. Two samples of students (total N = 534) representing a broad range of socioeconomic status (SES) participated in this study. Path models were conducted. The results demonstrated that (1) in both samples no sex differences related to school achievement were found; (2) in the first sample, after controlling for age and SES differences, Gf and psychoticism predicted (...
2013: Spanish Journal of Psychology
F Montañés-Rada, X Gastaminza-Pérez, M A Catalá, F Ruiz-Sanz, P M Ruiz-Lázaro, O Herreros-Rodríguez, M García-Giral, J Ortiz-Guerra, J A Alda-Díez, D Mojarro-Práxedes, T Cantó-Díez, M J Mardomingo-Sanz, J Sasot-Llevadot, M Pàmias, F Rey-Sánchez
In this article, the GEITDAH -the Spanish abbreviation of the Special Interest Group on Attention Deficit Hyper-activity Disorder (ADHD)- presents a consensus reached by experts in the management of ADHD from all over Spain. The consensus concerns fundamental aspects that should be the starting point for future local or regional consensus guides. Another aim of this consensus is also to reduce the amount of variability that occurs in the health care offered to patients with ADHD in our country, as well as to act as a stimulus in educational matters...
November 16, 2010: Revista de Neurologia
Haifeng Geng, Robert Belas
The interactions between marine prokaryotic and eukaryotic microorganisms are crucial to many biological and biogeochemical processes in the oceans. Often the interactions are mutualistic, as in the symbiosis between phytoplankton, e.g., the dinoflagellate Pfiesteria piscicida and Silicibacter sp. TM1040, a member of the Roseobacter taxonomic lineage. It is hypothesized that an important component of this symbiosis is bacterial production of tropodithietic acid (TDA), a biologically active tropolone compound whose synthesis requires the expression of tdaABCDEF (tdaA-F), as well as six additional genes (cysI, malY, paaIJK, and tdaH)...
September 2010: Journal of Bacteriology
R E Ulloa, M R Narváez, E Arroyo, J del Bosque, F de la Peña
INTRODUCTION: Teacher's rating scales for the evaluation of attention deficit and superactivity disorder (TDAH) and conduct disorders have been shown to be useful and valid tools. The Child Psychiatric Hospital Teacher Questionnaire (CPHTQ) of the Hospital Psiquiátrico Infantil Dr. Juan N. Navarro was designed for the assessment of ADHD symptoms, externalizing symptoms and school functioning difficulties of children and adolescents. METHODS: Internal consistency, criterion validity, construct validity and sensitivity of the scale to changes in symptom severity were evaluated in this study...
May 2009: Actas Españolas de Psiquiatría
M Aguiar, J Valença, M Felizardo, F Caeiro, S Moreira, R Staats, A A Bugalho de Almeida
UNLABELLED: Several studies have demonstrated that obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) patients have a higher rate of road traffic accidents. Our study aimed to analyse any differences in OSAS patients between those who reported having had road traffic accidents and/or near misses and those who did not. METHODS: We studied 163 patients with OSAS (apnoea- hypopnoea index (AHI)>10/h) diagnosed using nocturnal polysomnography (NPSG), all drivers, 18.4% of whom drove for a living...
May 2009: Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia
B Roselló, I Pitarch, L Abad
INTRODUCTION: Several studies have reported differences in behaviour in patients with various subtypes of attention deficit with hyperactivity and the benefits of psychostimulant medication in the treatment of behaviour problems of patients with the attention deficit hyperactivity syndrome (TDAH). OBJECTIVES: 1. To determine possible differences in behaviour between patients with subtypes of the attention deficit hyperactivity disorder; 2. To analyze the efficacy of methylphenidate on behaviour in three subtypes of TDAH, evaluated on the opinions of patients and teachers...
February 2002: Revista de Neurologia
F Mulas, B Roselló, A Morant, S Hernández, I Pitarch
INTRODUCTION: Many studies have shown the efficacy of methylphenidate in treating children with attention deficit and hyperactivity to reduce the main symptoms of the disorder and problems of behaviour: behaviour which is disruptive, antisocial, negative and aggressive. OBJECTIVES: 1. Analyze the therapeutic effects of methylphenidate on the cognitive function of children with TDAH, combined subtype, evaluated by means of neuropsychological tests of attention and inhibitory control...
July 1, 2002: Revista de Neurologia
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