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Diet pre exercise

Katherine J P Schwenger, Colin M Bolzon, Carrie Li, Johane P Allard
Non-alcoholic fatty-liver disease (NAFLD) is now considered one of the leading causes of liver disease worldwide and is associated with metabolic syndrome and obesity. There are several factors contributing to the disease state. Recent research suggests that the intestinal microbiota (IM) and bacterial products may play a role through several mechanisms which include increased energy uptake, intestinal permeability and chronic inflammation. In addition to diet and exercise, treatment options targeting the IM are being investigated and include the use of pre-, pro- and synbiotics as well as the possibility of fecal microbial transfers...
October 10, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
M T Ferguson, M S Hofman, H Ismail, A Melville, K S K Yap, R J Hicks, S Wright, B Riedel
Cardiac events are a common cause of peri-operative morbidity. Cardiopulmonary exercise testing can objectively assess risk, but it does not quantify myocardial ischaemia. With appropriate dietary preparation to suppress basal myocardial glucose uptake, positron emission tomography with 18 F-fluorodeoxyglucose can identify post-ischaemic myocardium, providing an attractive complement to exercise testing. We aimed to investigate the feasibility of this diagnostic algorithm. Patients referred for cardiopulmonary exercise testing before major cancer surgery were prospectively recruited...
October 3, 2018: Anaesthesia
Maija Huttunen-Lenz, Sylvia Hansen, Pia Christensen, Thomas Meinert Larsen, Finn Sandø-Pedersen, Mathijs Drummen, Tanja C Adam, Ian A Macdonald, Moira A Taylor, J Alfredo Martinez, Santiago Navas-Carretero, Svetoslav Handjiev, Sally D Poppitt, Marta P Silvestre, Mikael Fogelholm, Kirsi H Pietiläinen, Jennie Brand-Miller, Agnes Am Berendsen, Anne Raben, Wolfgang Schlicht
Purpose: Onset of type 2 diabetes (T2D) is often gradual and preceded by impaired glucose homeostasis. Lifestyle interventions including weight loss and physical activity may reduce the risk of developing T2D, but adherence to a lifestyle change is challenging. As part of an international T2D prevention trial (PREVIEW), a behavior change intervention supported participants in achieving a healthier diet and physically active lifestyle. Here, our aim was to explore the influence of this behavioral program (PREMIT) on social-cognitive variables during an 8-week weight loss phase...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
Marcos Martin-Rincon, Ismael Perez-Suarez, Alberto Pérez-López, Jesús Gustavo Ponce-González, David Morales-Alamo, Pedro de Pablos-Velasco, Hans-Christer Holmberg, Jose A L Calbet
BACKGROUND: Exercise and protein ingestion preserve muscle mass during moderate energy deficits. OBJECTIVE: To determine the molecular mechanisms by which exercise and protein ingestion may spare muscle mass during severe energy deficit (5500 kcal/day). DESIGN: Fifteen overweight, but otherwise healthy men, underwent a pre-test (PRE), caloric restriction (3.2 kcals/kg body weight/day) + exercise (45 min one-arm cranking + 8 h walking) for 4 days (CRE), followed by a control diet (CD) for 3 days, with a caloric content similar to pre-intervention while exercise was reduced to less than 10,000 steps per day...
September 21, 2018: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
Zhi-Ming Zhao, Chun-Li Liu, Qun-Yan Zhang, Bei-Bei Zhang, Jun-Hao Guo, Ai-Hong Yuan, Hui Cai
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of acupuncture of Feishu (BL 13), Pishu (BL 20), etc. on body weight, blood lipid, leptin (LP) and soluble leptin receptor (sOB-R) levels in prediabetic patients, so as to explore its mechanisms underlying treatment and prevention of prediabetes. METHODS: A total of 100 prediabetic patients were randomly assigned to medication (Metformin) group ( n =35), acupuncture group ( n =35) and simple lifestyle intervention group ( n =30) with random number table method...
August 25, 2018: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
Yun Wang, Li Wen, Shi Zhou, Yong Zhang, Xin-Hao Wang, You-Yu He, Allan Davie, Suzanne Broadbent
AIMS: The aims of this study were to determine the effects of four weeks of intermittent exposure to a moderate hypoxia environment (15% oxygen), and compare with the effects of exercise in normoxia or hypoxia, on glucose homeostasis, insulin sensitivity, GLUT4 translocation, insulin receptor phosphorylation, Akt-dependent GSK3 phosphorylation and Akt activity in skeletal muscle of obese mice with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: C57BL/6J mice that developed type 2 diabetes with a high-fat-diet (55% fat) (fasting blood glucose, FBG = 13...
2018: PloS One
Natalie D Riediger, Andrea E Bombak, Adriana Mudryj, Jackson Bensley, Samuel Ankomah
BACKGROUND: Scholars have documented presumptions regarding the relationships between diet, exercise, weight, and type 2 diabetes. However, it is unclear to what extent researchers contribute to these presumptions, and how often these relationships are thoroughly delineated within the context of randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Thus, the aim was to conduct a systematic search and qualitative, thematic analysis of RCTs focusing on lifestyle interventions for diabetes prevention or management, to examine how researchers discuss body weight in 1) the rationale and design of their RCTs; and 2) their presentation and interpretation of their findings...
September 7, 2018: Nutrition Journal
V Berger, C Germain, R Lacomère, C Bader, O Gerbouin, A Bénard
BACKGROUND: Constipation is a frequent issue during hospitalization. Multiple causes such as the existence of irregular habits, lack of exercise as well as medical history have been identified. Drugs such as strong painkillers, central nervous system therapies and treatments of the digestive tract are a major cause of constipation. Additionally, unbalanced diet, fluid deficiency, and anxiety may aggravate constipation. The consideration of all these risk factors being under the responsibility of nurses...
September 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
Duck-Pil Ok, Kangeun Ko, Ju Yong Bae
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to analyze the effect of exercise and/or dietary change on improvement of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in chronic high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obese mice. METHODS: Forty male C57BL/6 (8 weeks old) mice were divided into normal diet (CO, n = 8) and high-fat diet (HF, n = 32) groups. The HF group was fed with 60% fat chow for 16 weeks to induce obesity. After the obesity induction period, the HF group was subdivided into HFD + sedentary (n = 8), HFD + training (HFT, n = 8), dietary change to normal-diet + sedentary (HFND, n = 8), and dietary change to normal-diet + training (HFNDT, n = 8) groups, and the mice in the training groups underwent treadmill training for 8 weeks, 5 times per week, 40 min per day...
September 1, 2018: Lipids in Health and Disease
Yeela Ben Naftali, Irit Chermesh, Ido Solt, Yolanda Friedrich, Lior Lowenstein
BACKGROUND: Abnormal gestational weight gain (GWG) has been associated with adverse outcomes for mothers and their offspring. OBJECTIVES: To compare the achievement of recommended GWG and lifestyle factors in women with high-risk versus normal-risk pregnancies. METHODS: Pregnant women hospitalized in a gynecological and obstetrics department and pregnant women who arrived at a community clinic for a routine checkup were interviewed and completed questionnaires relating to weight gain and lifestyle factors (e...
July 2018: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
Nicholas Bott, Shefali Kumar, Caitlyn Krebs, Jordan M Glenn, Erica N Madero, Jessie L Juusola
BACKGROUND: A growing body of evidence supports the use of lifestyle interventions for preventing or delaying the onset of Alzheimer disease and other forms of dementia in at-risk individuals. The development of internet-delivered programs would increase the scalability and reach of these interventions, but requires validation to ensure similar effectiveness to brick-and-mortar options. OBJECTIVE: We describe the study design, recruitment process, and baseline participant characteristics of the sample in the Virtual Cognitive Health (VC Health) study...
August 13, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
Ruth Martis, Caroline A Crowther, Emily Shepherd, Jane Alsweiler, Michelle R Downie, Julie Brown
BACKGROUND: Successful treatments for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) have the potential to improve health outcomes for women with GDM and their babies. OBJECTIVES: To provide a comprehensive synthesis of evidence from Cochrane systematic reviews of the benefits and harms associated with interventions for treating GDM on women and their babies. METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (5 January 2018) for reviews of treatment/management for women with GDM...
August 14, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Igor Grabovac, Sandra Haider, Eva Winzer, Ali Kapan, Karin E Schindler, Christian Lackinger, Thomas E Dorner
OBJECTIVE: To measure health effects in lay volunteers who made home visits consisting of social interaction, nutritional and physical exercise interventions to pre-frail and frail older people (trial registration, NCT01991639). METHODS: After baseline, participants were followed-up at 12 (V1) and 24 (V2) weeks. A one-repetition maximum (1-RPM) and handgrip were measured with the Concept2®DYNO and a dynamometer. The Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly was used to assess physical activity, and Food Frequency Questionnaire and the Mediterranean Diet Adherence Screener for nutrition...
August 9, 2018: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
Hsiao-Yun Chang, Huai-Lu Chang, An-Chi Chen, Chiao-Hsuan Yen
Apart from drug control, diabetes management should pay more attention to how lifestyle and daily routine affect blood sugar. This study aimed to explore the impact of m-health programme using a minimal psychological intervention on diabetes patients' knowledge, behavioural, and psychological health. A pretest-posttest single-group pre-experimental study was undertaken with 30 individuals to recruit patients with diabetes. A total of 22 participants completed the 10-week online programme. The pretest-posttest results demonstrated the differences in health behaviour, including foot care, diet control, and exercise...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Yoshihiko Minegishi, Atsuko Otsuka, Noriyasu Ota, Koichi Ishii, Akira Shimotoyodome
Continuous intake of green tea catechins (GTC) increases fatty acid utilization as an energy source and improves endurance capacity. Conversely, the single pre-exercise intake of maltodextrin (MD) as a carbohydrate source and the gluconeogenic amino acids alanine (Ala) and proline (Pro) effectively maintain blood glucose levels and increase endurance performance. In this study, we investigated the synergistic combinational effect of these interventions on endurance performance in mice. Male BALB/c mice were fed a 0...
July 19, 2018: Nutrients
Ellen J I van Dongen, Annemien Haveman-Nies, Nick L W Wezenbeek, Berber G Dorhout, Esmée L Doets, Lisette C P G M de Groot
BACKGROUND: Exercise and nutrition are important for older adults to maintain or to regain their muscle mass, function, strength, and ultimately quality of life. The effectiveness of combined resistance exercise and diet interventions is commonly evaluated in controlled clinical studies, but evidence from real-life settings is lacking. This article describes the effectiveness, process, and economic evaluation design of a combined nutrition and exercise intervention for community-dwelling older adults in a Dutch real-life setting...
July 13, 2018: BMC Public Health
Noa Leybovitz-Haleluya, Tamar Wainstock, Daniella Landau, Eyal Sheiner
AIMS: The prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) has been increasing worldwide. We aimed to study the effect of GDM on the risk for childhood cardiovascular morbidity of the offspring. METHODS: A population-based cohort analysis was performed comparing total and different subtypes of cardiovascular related pediatric diagnoses among offspring of mothers with GDM vs. offspring of mothers with no diabetes. The analysis included all singletons born between the years 1991-2014...
June 23, 2018: Acta Diabetologica
Ngozi D Mbue, Jing Wang, Stanley G Cron, Jane A Anderson
The purpose of this study was to determine the feasibility of implementing a multiple-behavior self-monitoring intervention within a diabetes education program. This study was a 3-month pre- post-design, conducted with African-Americans (N = 20), who attended diabetes education classes at a large Veteran's Affairs (VA) hospital in Southwest Texas. Participants selfmonitored their blood glucose, diet, exercise, and weight on either a smart phone application or paper diaries. Paired t tests showed strong evidence that patient self-monitoring of healthy lifestyle behaviors improved blood glucose (t = -3...
July 2017: Journal of National Black Nurses' Association: JNBNA
Brad J Schoenfeld, Brett S Nickerson, Colin D Wilborn, Stacie L Urbina, Sara B Hayward, James Krieger, Alan A Aragon, Grant M Tinsley
Schoenfeld, BJ, Nickerson, BS, Wilborn, CD, Urbina, SL, Hayward, SB, Krieger, J, Aragon, AA, and Tinsley, G. Comparison of multifrequency bioelectrical impedance vs. dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry for assessing body composition changes after participation in a 10-week resistance training program. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-The purpose of this study was to assess the ability of multifrequency bioelectrical impedance analysis (MF-BIA) to determine alterations in total and segmental body composition across a 10-week resistance training (RT) program in comparison with the criterion reference dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA)...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Ashley E Mason, Frederick M Hecht, Jennifer J Daubenmier, David A Sbarra, Jue Lin, Patricia J Moran, Samantha G Schleicher, Michael Acree, Aric A Prather, Elissa S Epel
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to determine, within a weight loss clinical trial for obesity, the impact of intervention arm, weight change, and weight loss maintenance on telomere length (TL). METHODS: Adults (N = 194) with a body mass index between 30 and 45 were randomized to a 5.5-month weight loss program with (n = 100) or without (n = 94) mindfulness training and identical diet-exercise guidelines. We assessed TL at baseline and 3-, 6-, and 12-month postbaseline in immune cell populations (primarily in peripheral blood mononuclear cells [PBMCs], but also in granulocytes and T and B lymphocytes)...
September 2018: Psychosomatic Medicine
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