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Ophtalmology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27568353/investigations-on-the-prevalence-of-the-photo-induced-sneezing-reflex-in-the-german-population-a-representative-cross-sectional-study
#1
Philipp Kulas, Dietmar Hecker, Bernhard Schick, Alessandro Bozzato
The sneezing reflex is a common phenomenon in human beings and animals. Until now largely uninvestigated sneezing phenomenon is the photic sneeze reflex, also known as the ACHOO (Autosomal Cholinergic Helio-Ophtalmologic Outburst). This light induced sneezing reflex is triggered by a bright light like the sun but also by artificial light. In former publications the prevalence of this phenomenon in the population is specified up to 35 % and can result in a potential endangerment in numerous everyday situations as driving a car or controlling an airplane...
August 27, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27556541/multiprofissional-electronic-protocol-in-ophtalmology-with-enfasis-in-strabismus
#2
Christie Graf Ribeiro, Ana Tereza Ramos Moreira, José Simão DE Paula Pinto, Osvaldo Malafaia
OBJECTIVE: to create and validate an electronic database in ophthalmology focused on strabismus, to computerize this database in the form of a systematic data collection software named Electronic Protocol, and to incorporate this protocol into the Integrated System of Electronic Protocols (SINPE(c)). METHODS: this is a descriptive study, with the methodology divided into three phases: (1) development of a theoretical ophthalmologic database with emphasis on strabismus; (2) computerization of this theoretical ophthalmologic database using SINPE(c) and (3) interpretation of the information with demonstration of results to validate the protocol...
May 2016: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27520363/establishment-of-reference-values-of-%C3%AE-tocopherol-in-plasma-red-blood-cells-and-adipose-tissue-in-healthy-children-to-improve-the-management-of-chylomicron-retention-disease-a-rare-genetic-hypocholesterolemia
#3
Charlotte Cuerq, Lioara Restier, Jocelyne Drai, Emilie Blond, Adeline Roux, Sybil Charriere, Marie-Caroline Michalski, Mathilde Di Filippo, Emile Levy, Alain Lachaux, Noël Peretti
BACKGROUND: Chylomicron retention disease (CMRD), a rare genetic hypocholesterolemia, results in neuro-ophtalmologic damages, which can be prevented by high doses of vitamin E during infancy. In these patients, plasma vitamin E concentration is significantly reduced due to defects of chylomicron secretion. Vitamin E in adipose tissue (AT) and red blood cells (RBC) have been proposed as potential relevant biomarkers of vitamin E status but no reference values in children are available...
2016: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27475991/complement-analysis-2016-clinical-indications-laboratory-diagnostics-and-quality-control
#4
REVIEW
Zoltán Prohászka, Bo Nilsson, Ashley Frazer-Abel, Michael Kirschfink
In recent years, complement analysis of body fluids and biopsies, going far beyond C3 and C4, has significantly enhanced our understanding of the disease process. Such expanded complement analysis allows for a more precise differential diagnosis and for critical monitoring of complement-targeted therapy. These changes are a result of the growing understanding of the involvement of complement in a diverse set of disorders. To appreciate the importance of proper complement analysis, it is important to understand the role it plays in disease...
November 2016: Immunobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27029126/-emile-esp%C3%A3-randieu-and-the-stamps-of-roman-ophthalmologists
#5
Marianne Altit-Morvillez
Major Émile Espérandieu, the famous author of the Recueil des bas-reliefs de la Gaule, also compiled the Recueil des cachets d'oculistes romains, a very useful corpus for the history of ancient ophtalmology. He was a striking example of the social and intellectual situation of a scholar out of the University, and of the morbid emulation between French scholarship and that of other European countries in the field of ancient epigraphy.
July 2015: Histoire des Sciences Médicales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26895124/epidemiology-of-open-globe-injuries-in-cap-bon-about-100-cases
#6
Atef Babaa, Walid Zbiba, Mohamed Korbi
BACKGROUND: Open globe injuries are a major cause of permanent visual impairment and blindness. OBJECTIVES: In this retrospective study, we identify clinical characteristics and outcome of a series of open globe injuries. METHODS: Operating department records were reviewed to identify all patients who had undergone repair of an open globe injury from January 2006 to November 2013 at the department of ophtalmology in the university hospital of Nabeul in Tunisia...
October 2015: La Tunisie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26736060/extensive-angiokeratoma-circumscriptum-successful-treatment-with-595-nm-variable-pulse-pulsed-dye-laser-and-755-nm-long-pulse-pulsed-alexandrite-laser
#7
Ján Baumgartner, Mária Šimaljaková, Pavel Babál
Angiokeratomas are rare vascular mucocutaneous lesions characterized by small-vessel ectasias in the upper dermis with reactive epidermal changes. Angiokeratoma circumscriptum (AC) is the rarest among the five types in the current classification of angiokeratoma. We present a case of an extensive AC in 19-year-old women with Fitzpatrick skin type I of the left lower extremity, characterized by a significant morphological heterogeneity of the lesions, intermittent bleeding, and negative psychological impact...
June 2016: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26638554/-retinal-vascular-tumors-in-the-material-of-the-department-of-ophthalmology-and-ocular-oncology-of-jagiellonian-university-collegium-medicum-in-cracow
#8
Anna Leśniak, Izabella Karska-Basta, Joanna Kobylarz, Bożena Romanowska-Dixon
Retinal vascular tumours are congenital and acquired lesions of variable clinical manifestation. They are classified as benign, but their presence leads to vision impairment due to the development of complications. Each retinal vascular tumour possesses characteristic clinical features and is often associated with certain systemic disorders. Thus, a correct diagnosis is crucial for providing individualised treatment and expanded diagnostic management as well as prognostic assessment. The aim of the study was to present retinal vascular tumour cases of patients treated at the Department of Ophtalmology and Ocular Oncology of Jagiellonian University Collegium Medicum in Cracow...
2015: Klinika Oczna
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26638545/bilateral-choroidal-melanoma-case-analysis-and-literature-review
#9
REVIEW
Joanna Kowal, Anna Strzałka, Anna Markiewicz, Bożena Romanowska-Dixon, Anna Bogdali
Uveal melanoma is the most common primary intraocular neoplasm in adults. Its bilateral localization is extremely rare. The aim of the paper is analysis of the cases of bilateral uveal melanoma. Five bilateral uveal melanoma patients were diagnosed in the Department of Ophtalmology and Ocular Oncology beetwen 1980 and 2014. Both eyes of four patients were threated with brachytherapy. Final enulcleation of the one eye was performed in three patients. It was the primary treatment in one patient. The presence of uveal melanoma was confirmed by pathological examination in all cases after surgical removal of eyeball and in one after local resection of iris tumor...
2015: Klinika Oczna
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26614829/sellar-lesions-pathology
#10
REVIEW
Damien Bresson, Philippe Herman, Marc Polivka, Sébastien Froelich
The sellar region is a tiny anatomic compartment in which many lesions and developmental diseases can be found. If pituitary adenomas represent most of the sellar mass, it is important to recognize other pathologic conditions before any surgical procedure, because the optimal treatment may differ considerably from one lesion to another. A careful clinical evaluation followed by neuroimaging studies and an endocrinologic and ophtalmologic workup will lead, in most cases, to a diagnosis with near certainty. This article provides an overview of sellar diseases with emphasis on their most useful characteristics for clinical practice...
February 2016: Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26463249/biologic-therapy-in-inflammatory-eye-conditions-ophtalmology-safety-profile
#11
Piergiorgio Neri, Ilir Arapi, Michele Nicolai, Vittorio Pirani, Andrea Saitta, Michele M Luchetti, Alfonso Giovannini, Cesare Mariotti
Non-infectious uveitis can be a potentially sight threatening disease. Very recently, therapeutic strategies have turned towards a new methodology, which includes biologic agents. The introduction of biologic drugs has started a Copernican revolution in ophthalmology: biologic therapies represent a revolutionary option for those patients who present non-responder, sight threatening uveitis. The availability of these therapies has improved the uveitis outcome. The present review shows the most relevant medical literature on biologic agents in ophthalmology, such as tumor necrosis factor blockers, anti-interleukins and other related biologics...
2016: Current Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26174775/tonic-pupil-a-paraneoplastic-neuro-ophtalmological-disease-associated-with-occult-breast-cancer
#12
Alireza Peyman, Majid Kabiri, Mohammadreza Peyman
Here, we present a case of tonic pupil associated with occult breast cancer as a paraneoplastic neuro-ophthalmology syndrome. A 45-year-old woman developed progressive photophobia and blurred vision due to unilateral Adie's tonic pupil. Magnetic resonance image of her brain and neurological examination (including deep tendon reflexes) were normal at first visit. Follow-up examinations performed by ophthalmologist every 6 month without any change in her condition. After 2 years, patient discovered a mass in her breast which identified to be malignant after diagnostic procedures...
September 2015: Breast Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25959781/-dynamic-vitreomacular-traction
#13
P Cigánek, L Matoušková, B Kousal
PURPOSE: To describe clinical findings in patient with dynamic changes of vitreomacular interface and retina. To provide summary of findings about mechanism of accommodation and its potential impact on vitreous and retina. METHODS: In 57 year old patient we performed comprehensive ophtalmological examination including spectral domain optical coherent tomography (SD-OCT). We observed the impact of accommodative effort, head-downward position, combination of accommodative effort and head-downward position and influence of light reflex on vitreomacular interface and retina and change of minimal foveal thickness...
January 2015: Ceská a Slovenská Oftalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25729610/systemic-atheromatosis-influence-on-retinal-vascular-disease
#14
A Ştefănescu, T Sas, C Bătăiosu
Clinical study on a group of 48 patients over 3 months: 27 patients were recruited from ophtalmology and 21 recruited from cardiology, 25 % of these patients coming for routine check. Patients were investigated by ophthalmic, cardiologic examination, imaging and laboratory tests. The study demonstrated the need for interdisciplinary consultation for patients with vascular complaints in carotid territory and a close correlation between the vascular pathology and ophthalmology at this level.
July 2014: Current Health Sciences Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25640234/-orbital-complications-of-sinusitis
#15
M Šuchaň, M Horňák, L Kaliarik, S Krempaská, T Koštialová, J Kovaľ
Orbital complications categorised by Chandler are emergency. They need early diagnosis and agresive treatment. Stage and origin of orbital complications are identified by rhinoendoscopy, ophtalmologic examination and CT of orbite and paranasal sinuses. Periorbital cellulitis and early stage of orbital cellulitis can be treated conservatively with i. v. antibiotics. Monitoring of laboratory parameters and ophtalmologic symptoms is mandatory. Lack of improvement or worsening of symptoms within 24-48 hours and advanced stages of orbital complications are indicated for surgery...
December 2014: Ceská a Slovenská Oftalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25073747/fronto-ethmoidal-osteoma-open-treatment
#16
Gabriele Reale, Claudio Ungari, Emiliano Riccardi, Francesco Calvani, Davide Quarato, Claudio Rinna, Fabio Filiaci
INTRODUCTION: Osteoma is a benign tumour, composed of mature compact or cancellous bone, which can arise in any facial bone. Among the paranasal sinuses, the frontal and ethmoid sinuses are most frequently involved. Osteoma grows very slowly and small lesions are often not symptomatic. On the other hand, sometimes patients present with symptoms such as sinusitis, headache or ophtalmologic manifestations. These findings are secondary to obstruction of the involved sinus cavity with secondary mucocele formation or occasionally an expansile lesion with distortion of the facial contour...
May 2014: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25006360/strabismus-and-diplopia-in-a-patient-with-acute-myeloid-leukemia
#17
Claudio Fozza, Fausto Dore, Maria Antonia Isoni, Francesco Longu, Laura Dessì, Lorenzo Coppola, Salvatore Contini, Maurizio Longinotti
PATIENT: Male, 64 FINAL DIAGNOSIS: Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) Symptoms: - MEDICATION: - Clinical Procedure: - Specialty: - OBJECTIVE: Unusual clinical course. BACKGROUND: Central nervous system (CNS) involvement is a sporadic presenting finding in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) both at diagnosis and at relapse. Moreover patients with CNS localization are often asymptomatic, while sometimes show meningeal signs and symptoms or, extremely rarely, signs of cranial nerve impairment...
2014: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24885544/impact-of-a-program-to-prevent-incivility-towards-and-assault-of-healthcare-staff-in-an-ophtalmological-emergency-unit-study-protocol-for-the-prevurgo-on-off-trial
#18
Sandrine Touzet, Pierre-Loïc Cornut, Jean-Baptiste Fassier, Marie-Annick Le Pogam, Carole Burillon, Antoine Duclos
BACKGROUND: The emergency department has been identified as an area within the health care sector with the highest reports of violence. The best way to control violence is to prevent it before it becomes an issue. Ideally, to prevent violent episodes we should eliminate all triggers of frustration and violence. Our study aims to assess the impact of a quality improvement multi-faceted program aiming at preventing incivility and violence against healthcare professionals working at the ophthalmological emergency department of a teaching hospital...
May 19, 2014: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24844035/-clinical-associations-between-retinal-vascular-diseases-and-cardiovascular-diseases-in-patients-with-systemic-atheromatosis
#19
Alin Stefănescu-Dima, Constantin Bătăiosu, Teodor Sas, Mihaela Puianu
A clinical study was conducted on a sample of 48 patients examined within 3 months. Of these, 27 patients were recruited by ophtalmologic criteria and 21 recruited by cardiologic criteria, 25% of these patients coming for routine check. They were investigated by ophthalmic examination, cardiological examination, imaging and laboratory examination. Testing has shown a strong link between cardiovascular disease and the eye of the patients investigated. The study demonstrated the need for interdisciplinary consultation for patients with vascular complaints in the carotid territory and a close correlation between the vascular and ophthalmologic pathology at this level...
2013: Oftalmologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24771163/do-optic-nerve-head-and-visual-field-parameters-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-differ-from-those-in-control-individuals
#20
R Salzgeber, M E Iliev, J Mathis
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that sleep apnea syndrome may play a role in normal-tension glaucoma contributing to optic nerve damage. The purpose of this study was to evaluate if optic nerve and visual field parameters in individuals with sleep apnea syndrome differ from those in controls. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From the records of the sleep laboratory at the University Hospital in Bern, Switzerland, we recruited consecutive patients with severe sleep apnea syndrome proven by polysomnography, apnea-hypopnea index >20, as well as no sleep apnea controls with apnea-hypopnea index <10...
April 2014: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
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