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Ophtalmology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308630/surgical-outcome-of-tuberculum-sellae-and-planum-sphenoidale-meningiomas-based-on-sekhar-mortazavi-tumor-classification
#1
Lorenzo Giammattei, Mahmoud Messerer, Amani Belouaer, Roy T Daniel
BACKGROUND: Results from surgical series of tuberculum and planum sphenoidale meningiomas tends to be heterogeneous. Sekhar-Mortazavi tumor classification system has been recently proposed in order to predict the surgical risk and outcome. METHOD: We retrospectively reviewed a consecutive series of tuberculum and planum sphenoidale meningioma operated at our institution between 2009 and 2016. Sekhar-Mortazavi tumor classification was applied to classify these tumors and evaluate the outcome...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285332/correlations-between-dental-malocclusions-ocular-motility-and-convergence-disorders-a-cross-sectional-study-in-growing-subjects
#2
P Bollero, M R Ricchiuti, G Laganà, G DI Fusco, R Lione, P Cozza
Objective: The purpose of the study was to analyze the association between dento-skeletal malocclusions, ocular motility, and convergence disorders in growing subjects. Materials and methods: 84 subjects (49 males, 35 females) with a mean age of 7.3±1.7 years were enrolled in a screening procedure for celiac disease at the Department of Gastroenterology of the University of Rome "Tor Vergata". Each child underwent an orthodontic, orthoptic, and ophtalmological examination...
July 2017: Oral & Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133154/adverse-birth-outcomes-associated-with-zika-virus-exposure-during-pregnancy-in-s%C3%A3-o-jos%C3%A3-do-rio-preto-brazil
#3
Mauricio Lacerda Nogueira, Nivison Ruy Rocha Nery Júnior, Cássia Fernanda Estofolete, Ana Carolina Bernardes Terzian, Georgia de Freitas Guimarães, Nathalia Zini, Rafael Alves da Silva, Gislaine Celestino Dutra Silva, Ligia Cosentino Junqueira Franco, Paula Rahal, Cintia Bittar, Bruno Carneiro, Pedro Fernando Vasconcelos da Costa, Daniele Freitas Henriques, Deusenia Machado Ulisses Barbosa, Patrícia Lopes Rombola, Luciana de Grande, Andréia Francesli Negri Reis, Sacha Ariane Palomares, Marcia Wakai Catelan, Lilian Elisa Arão Antonio Cruz, Silvia Helena Necchi, Rita de Cassia Vilella Mendonça, Izalco Nuremberg Penha Dos Santos, Suzimeiri Brigatti Alavarse Caron, Federico Costa, Fernando A Bozza, Antonio Soares de Souza, Cinara Cássia Brandão de Mattos, Luiz Carlos de Mattos, Nikos Vasilakis, Antonio Helio Oliani, Denise Cristina Mós Vaz Oliani, Albert Icksang Ko
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to report the first 54 cases of pregnant women infected by Zika vírus (ZIKV) and their virological and clinical outcomes, as well as the newborns' outcomes in 2016, after the emergence of ZIKV in dengue endemic areas of São Paulo, Brazil. METHODS: This is a descriptive study performed from February to October 2016 on 54 qPCR ZIKV-positive pregnant women identified by the Public Health Authority of São Jose do Rio Preto, São Paulo, Brazil...
November 10, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022157/radiosurgery-in-trochlear-and-abducens-nerve-schwannomas-case-series-and-systematic-review
#4
Iulia Peciu-Florianu, Constantin Tuleasca, Jean-Nicolas Comps, Luis Schiappacasse, Michele Zeverino, Roy Thomas Daniel, Marc Levivier
INTRODUCTION: Schwannomas involving the occulomotor cranial nerves  (CNs; III, IV and VI), can be disabling, due to the associated diplopia and decreased quality of life and are extremely rare. We evaluated the role of Gamma Knife surgery (GKS) in these cases. METHODS: Five patients with CN IV and VI schwannomas (three and two, respectively) were treated in Lausanne University Hospital between 2010 and 2015. Four benefitted from upfront GKS and one from a combined approach (planned subtotal resection followed by GKS), due to a large preoperative tumour volume (size, 3 × 2 × 2...
October 11, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821293/incidence-and-predictors-of-uveitis-in-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-in-a-nordic-long-term-cohort-study
#5
Ellen Nordal, Veronika Rypdal, Terje Christoffersen, Kristiina Aalto, Lillemor Berntson, Anders Fasth, Troels Herlin, Susan Nielsen, Suvi Peltoniemi, Bjørn Straume, Marek Zak, Marite Rygg
BACKGROUND: The incidence of uveitis associated with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) varies around the world. Our aim was to investigate the incidence and predictors of uveitis in a Nordic population-based cohort. METHODS: Consecutive JIA cases from defined geographical areas in Denmark, Finland, Sweden and Norway with disease onset between January 1997 to June 2000 were followed for median 98 months in this prospective longitudinal cohort study. Potential clinical and immunological predictors of uveitis were identified with logistic regression analysis...
August 18, 2017: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561632/-traumatic-asphyxia-with-permanent-visual-loss-case-report
#6
Tibor Kántor, Bianca Grigorescu, Gabriel Popescu, Attila Ferencz, Örs Nagy, János Jung, István Gergely
Traumatic asphyxia is a rare condition that occurs after compressive thoracoabdominal trauma, which is characterized by subconjunctival hemorrhage, cervicofacial cyanosis, edema and petechiae. Serious life-threatening thoracic and abdominal injuries may coexist. After conservatory treatment in most cases complete recovery is achieved, but in isolated cases permanent neurological lesions may occur. We present the case of the 39-year-old male patient who suffered a compressive thoracoabdominal trauma. The physical examination showed the characteristic "ecchymotic mask"...
June 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542663/-periorbital-pallor-post-application-of-mydriatic-in-infants-with-hydrocephalus-associated-to-systemic-effects
#7
Jorge Luis Alvarado Socarras, Sandra Consuelo Rodríguez
Adequate pupil dilation is needed to evaluate some neonates at risk of developing illness during this stage. However, this procedure is not free of adverse effects, either local or systemic. One of these complications is the local vasoconstriction of the preterm baby’s skin following the application of mydriatic eye drops. OBJECTIVE: To describe secondary local and systemic complications of pharmacological pupil dilation in 2 newborns. Clinical case 1: Full term baby with diagnosis of low-birth weight and hydrocephalia...
April 2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27568353/investigations-on-the-prevalence-of-the-photo-induced-sneezing-reflex-in-the-german-population-a-representative-cross-sectional-study
#8
Philipp Kulas, Dietmar Hecker, Bernhard Schick, Alessandro Bozzato
The sneezing reflex is a common phenomenon in human beings and animals. Until now largely uninvestigated sneezing phenomenon is the photic sneeze reflex, also known as the ACHOO (Autosomal Cholinergic Helio-Ophtalmologic Outburst). This light induced sneezing reflex is triggered by a bright light like the sun but also by artificial light. In former publications the prevalence of this phenomenon in the population is specified up to 35 % and can result in a potential endangerment in numerous everyday situations as driving a car or controlling an airplane...
March 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27556541/multiprofissional-electronic-protocol-in-ophtalmology-with-enfasis-in-strabismus
#9
Christie Graf Ribeiro, Ana Tereza Ramos Moreira, José Simão DE Paula Pinto, Osvaldo Malafaia
OBJECTIVE: to create and validate an electronic database in ophthalmology focused on strabismus, to computerize this database in the form of a systematic data collection software named Electronic Protocol, and to incorporate this protocol into the Integrated System of Electronic Protocols (SINPE(c)). METHODS: this is a descriptive study, with the methodology divided into three phases: (1) development of a theoretical ophthalmologic database with emphasis on strabismus; (2) computerization of this theoretical ophthalmologic database using SINPE(c) and (3) interpretation of the information with demonstration of results to validate the protocol...
May 2016: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27520363/establishment-of-reference-values-of-%C3%AE-tocopherol-in-plasma-red-blood-cells-and-adipose-tissue-in-healthy-children-to-improve-the-management-of-chylomicron-retention-disease-a-rare-genetic-hypocholesterolemia
#10
Charlotte Cuerq, Lioara Restier, Jocelyne Drai, Emilie Blond, Adeline Roux, Sybil Charriere, Marie-Caroline Michalski, Mathilde Di Filippo, Emile Levy, Alain Lachaux, Noël Peretti
BACKGROUND: Chylomicron retention disease (CMRD), a rare genetic hypocholesterolemia, results in neuro-ophtalmologic damages, which can be prevented by high doses of vitamin E during infancy. In these patients, plasma vitamin E concentration is significantly reduced due to defects of chylomicron secretion. Vitamin E in adipose tissue (AT) and red blood cells (RBC) have been proposed as potential relevant biomarkers of vitamin E status but no reference values in children are available...
August 12, 2016: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27475991/complement-analysis-2016-clinical-indications-laboratory-diagnostics-and-quality-control
#11
REVIEW
Zoltán Prohászka, Bo Nilsson, Ashley Frazer-Abel, Michael Kirschfink
In recent years, complement analysis of body fluids and biopsies, going far beyond C3 and C4, has significantly enhanced our understanding of the disease process. Such expanded complement analysis allows for a more precise differential diagnosis and for critical monitoring of complement-targeted therapy. These changes are a result of the growing understanding of the involvement of complement in a diverse set of disorders. To appreciate the importance of proper complement analysis, it is important to understand the role it plays in disease...
November 2016: Immunobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27029126/-emile-esp%C3%A3-randieu-and-the-stamps-of-roman-ophthalmologists
#12
Marianne Altit-Morvillez
Major Émile Espérandieu, the famous author of the Recueil des bas-reliefs de la Gaule, also compiled the Recueil des cachets d'oculistes romains, a very useful corpus for the history of ancient ophtalmology. He was a striking example of the social and intellectual situation of a scholar out of the University, and of the morbid emulation between French scholarship and that of other European countries in the field of ancient epigraphy.
July 2015: Histoire des Sciences Médicales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26895124/epidemiology-of-open-globe-injuries-in-cap-bon-about-100-cases
#13
Atef Babaa, Walid Zbiba, Mohamed Korbi
BACKGROUND: Open globe injuries are a major cause of permanent visual impairment and blindness. OBJECTIVES: In this retrospective study, we identify clinical characteristics and outcome of a series of open globe injuries. METHODS: Operating department records were reviewed to identify all patients who had undergone repair of an open globe injury from January 2006 to November 2013 at the department of ophtalmology in the university hospital of Nabeul in Tunisia...
October 2015: La Tunisie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26736060/extensive-angiokeratoma-circumscriptum-successful-treatment-with-595-nm-variable-pulse-pulsed-dye-laser-and-755-nm-long-pulse-pulsed-alexandrite-laser
#14
Ján Baumgartner, Mária Šimaljaková, Pavel Babál
Angiokeratomas are rare vascular mucocutaneous lesions characterized by small-vessel ectasias in the upper dermis with reactive epidermal changes. Angiokeratoma circumscriptum (AC) is the rarest among the five types in the current classification of angiokeratoma. We present a case of an extensive AC in 19-year-old women with Fitzpatrick skin type I of the left lower extremity, characterized by a significant morphological heterogeneity of the lesions, intermittent bleeding, and negative psychological impact...
June 2016: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26638554/-retinal-vascular-tumors-in-the-material-of-the-department-of-ophthalmology-and-ocular-oncology-of-jagiellonian-university-collegium-medicum-in-cracow
#15
Anna Leśniak, Izabella Karska-Basta, Joanna Kobylarz, Bożena Romanowska-Dixon
Retinal vascular tumours are congenital and acquired lesions of variable clinical manifestation. They are classified as benign, but their presence leads to vision impairment due to the development of complications. Each retinal vascular tumour possesses characteristic clinical features and is often associated with certain systemic disorders. Thus, a correct diagnosis is crucial for providing individualised treatment and expanded diagnostic management as well as prognostic assessment. The aim of the study was to present retinal vascular tumour cases of patients treated at the Department of Ophtalmology and Ocular Oncology of Jagiellonian University Collegium Medicum in Cracow...
2015: Klinika Oczna
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26638545/bilateral-choroidal-melanoma-case-analysis-and-literature-review
#16
REVIEW
Joanna Kowal, Anna Strzałka, Anna Markiewicz, Bożena Romanowska-Dixon, Anna Bogdali
Uveal melanoma is the most common primary intraocular neoplasm in adults. Its bilateral localization is extremely rare. The aim of the paper is analysis of the cases of bilateral uveal melanoma. Five bilateral uveal melanoma patients were diagnosed in the Department of Ophtalmology and Ocular Oncology beetwen 1980 and 2014. Both eyes of four patients were threated with brachytherapy. Final enulcleation of the one eye was performed in three patients. It was the primary treatment in one patient. The presence of uveal melanoma was confirmed by pathological examination in all cases after surgical removal of eyeball and in one after local resection of iris tumor...
2015: Klinika Oczna
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26614829/sellar-lesions-pathology
#17
REVIEW
Damien Bresson, Philippe Herman, Marc Polivka, Sébastien Froelich
The sellar region is a tiny anatomic compartment in which many lesions and developmental diseases can be found. If pituitary adenomas represent most of the sellar mass, it is important to recognize other pathologic conditions before any surgical procedure, because the optimal treatment may differ considerably from one lesion to another. A careful clinical evaluation followed by neuroimaging studies and an endocrinologic and ophtalmologic workup will lead, in most cases, to a diagnosis with near certainty. This article provides an overview of sellar diseases with emphasis on their most useful characteristics for clinical practice...
February 2016: Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26463249/biologic-therapy-in-inflammatory-eye-conditions-ophtalmology-safety-profile
#18
REVIEW
Piergiorgio Neri, Ilir Arapi, Michele Nicolai, Vittorio Pirani, Andrea Saitta, Michele M Luchetti, Alfonso Giovannini, Cesare Mariotti
Non-infectious uveitis can be a potentially sight threatening disease. Very recently, therapeutic strategies have turned towards a new methodology, which includes biologic agents. The introduction of biologic drugs has started a Copernican revolution in ophthalmology: biologic therapies represent a revolutionary option for those patients who present non-responder, sight threatening uveitis. The availability of these therapies has improved the uveitis outcome. The present review shows the most relevant medical literature on biologic agents in ophthalmology, such as tumor necrosis factor blockers, anti-interleukins and other related biologics...
2016: Current Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26174775/tonic-pupil-a-paraneoplastic-neuro-ophtalmological-disease-associated-with-occult-breast-cancer
#19
Alireza Peyman, Majid Kabiri, Mohammadreza Peyman
Here, we present a case of tonic pupil associated with occult breast cancer as a paraneoplastic neuro-ophthalmology syndrome. A 45-year-old woman developed progressive photophobia and blurred vision due to unilateral Adie's tonic pupil. Magnetic resonance image of her brain and neurological examination (including deep tendon reflexes) were normal at first visit. Follow-up examinations performed by ophthalmologist every 6 month without any change in her condition. After 2 years, patient discovered a mass in her breast which identified to be malignant after diagnostic procedures...
September 2015: Breast Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25959781/-dynamic-vitreomacular-traction
#20
P Cigánek, L Matoušková, B Kousal
PURPOSE: To describe clinical findings in patient with dynamic changes of vitreomacular interface and retina. To provide summary of findings about mechanism of accommodation and its potential impact on vitreous and retina. METHODS: In 57 year old patient we performed comprehensive ophtalmological examination including spectral domain optical coherent tomography (SD-OCT). We observed the impact of accommodative effort, head-downward position, combination of accommodative effort and head-downward position and influence of light reflex on vitreomacular interface and retina and change of minimal foveal thickness...
January 2015: Ceská a Slovenská Oftalmologie
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