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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30533305/coming-out-in-a-harsh-environment-a-new-genus-and-species-for-a-land-flatworm-platyhelminthes-tricladida-occurring-in-a-ferruginous-cave-from-the-brazilian-savanna
#1
Ana M Leal-Zanchet, Alessandro Damasceno Marques
Faunal inventories in ferruginous caves from an area belonging to the Brazilian savanna (Cerrado phytophysiognomy), on the eastern margin of the Serra do Espinhaço Plateau, in southeastern Brazil, have revealed the occurrence of land flatworms. Herein, a flatworm sampled in such subterranean environment is described as a new genus and species of the Neotropical subfamily Geoplaninae, Difroehlichia elenae gen. nov., sp. nov. The new genus shows rare features within Geoplaninae, namely sub-cylindrical body, poorly developed sub-epidermal musculature and a narrow creeping sole...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30533225/ultrasound-guided-vascular-access-is-an-important-tool-to-prevent-catastrophes-transinferior-epigastric-artery-cardiac-catheterization
#2
Ahmed Amro, Kanaan Mansoor, Mohammad Amro, Amal Sobeih, Rameez Sayyed
We report a case of cardiac catheterization that was done entirely by accidentally accessing the inferior epigastric artery (IEA) through an unintentional puncture of the U-shaped portion of the inferior epigastric artery. Luckily the patient did not have any trauma to the IEA and was d/c home with no complications. A 48-year-old female with history of hypertension and CAD S/P left circumflex stent many years ago who presented to our facility with persistent crescendo angina for which decision was made to proceed with LHC...
2018: Case Reports in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30529744/a-proteomic-approach-to-identify-novel-disease-biomarkers-in-lcat-deficiency
#3
Sara Simonelli, Alice Ossoli, Cristina Banfi, Chiara Pavanello, Laura Calabresi, Elisabetta Gianazza
Genetic LCAT deficiency is a rare recessive autosomal disease due to loss-of-function mutations in the gene coding for the enzyme lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT). Homozygous carriers are characterized by corneal opacity, haemolytic anaemia and renal disease, which represent the first cause of morbidity and mortality in these subjects. Diagnostic and prognostic markers capable of early detecting declining kidney function in these subjects are not available, and the specific serum or urine proteomic signature of LCAT deficient carriers has never been assessed...
December 6, 2018: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30528657/the-challenge-of-democratic-patient-representation-understanding-the-representation-work-of-patient-organizations-through-methodological-triangulation
#4
Julia Fischer, Hester M Van de Bovenkamp
Increasingly, patient organizations (POs) play a role in health policy making. Their involvement is expected to contribute to the democratization of decision making. It is therefore important to study this contribution. Scholars hardly draw on representation theory for this. Yet exploring POs as a case of representation is crucial to better understand how POs add to democratizing health policy. Our study departs from the assumption that POs contribute to the democratization of health policy in case they perform democratic representation...
November 27, 2018: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30526608/-to-be-honest-women-do-everything-understanding-roles-of-men-and-women-in-net-care-and-repair-in-southern-tanzania
#5
Angel Dillip, Zawadi Mageni Mboma, George Greer, Lena M Lorenz
BACKGROUND: In Tanzania, the roles of men and women are classified based on the local cultural context. While men are usually the breadwinners, women are traditionally responsible for most domestic chores. Particularly for malaria prevention, studies in Africa have revealed women as being responsible for daily up-keep of the net. Using social role theory, this study explored the role of men and women in net care and repair and gender-related motivation and barriers to net care and repair in Tanzania...
December 7, 2018: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30526547/evaluation-of-international-transfer-out-among-foreign-born-pulmonary-tuberculosis-patients-in-japan-what-are-the-implications-for-a-cross-border-patient-referral-system
#6
Lisa Kawatsu, Akihiro Ohkado, Kazuhiro Uchimura, Kiyohiko Izumi
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) patients crossing borders pose a serious challenge to global TB control efforts. The objectives of our study were firstly, to evaluate the trend and size of foreign-born pulmonary TB patients, who had been notified and initiated treatment in Japan but have transferred out of the country while still on treatment; and secondly, to conduct a detailed analysis of these patients and identify possible risk factors for international transfer-out, and discuss policy implications for a cross-border patient referral system for foreign-born TB patients in Japan...
December 7, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30526513/effect-of-antenatal-care-and-social-well-being-on-early-neonatal-mortality-in-bangladesh
#7
Sanjit Roy, Md Aminul Haque
BACKGROUND: Bangladesh has achieved MDG 4, but although post neonatal and child mortality have shown impressive declines, neonatal mortality is still lagging behind. More efforts have to be made to improve this state of affairs. The objective of this paper is to identify the effect of proper antenatal care and social wellbeing on early neonatal mortality in Bangladesh. METHODS: The data used for this study is the Bangladesh Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey. This study used several independent variables such as mother's school attendance, receiving antenatal care, receiving TT injection, place of residence and wealth quintile...
December 10, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30525695/laser-shocking-tuning-dynamic-interlayer-coupling-in-graphene-boron-nitride-moir%C3%A3-superlattices
#8
Prashant Kumar, Jing Liu, Maithilee Motlag, Lei Tong, Yaowu Hu, Xinyu Huang, Arkamita Bandopadhyay, Swapan K Pati, Joseph Irudayaraj, Lei Ye, Gary J Cheng
Following in the emerging of graphene and many two-dimensional (2D) materials, the most exciting applications come from stacking them into 3D devices, promising many excellent possibilities for neoteric electronics and optoelectronics. Layers of semiconductors, insulators and conductors can be stacked to form van der Waals heterostructures, after the weak bonds formed between the layers. However, the interlayer coupling in these heterostructures is usually hard to modulate, resulting in difficulty to realize their emerging optical or electronic properties...
December 10, 2018: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30525131/detailed-benchmark-ab-initio-mapping-of-the-potential-energy-surfaces-of-the-x-c-2-h-6-x-f-cl-br-i-reactions
#9
Dóra Papp, Balázs Gruber, Gábor Czakó
We investigate three reaction pathways of the X + C2H6 [X = F, Cl, Br, I] reactions: H-abstraction, methyl-substitution, and H-substitution, with the latter two proceeding via either Walden-inversion or front-side-attack mechanisms. We report classical and adiabatic relative energies of unprecedented accuracy for the corresponding stationary points of the reaction potential energy surfaces (PESs) by augmenting the CCSD(T)-F12b/aug-cc-pVQZ energies by core-correlation, post-CCSD(T) and spin-orbit corrections...
December 7, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30524924/sba15-fluconazole-as-a-protective-approach-against-mild-steel-corrosion-synthesis-characterization-and-computational-studies
#10
Victoria Bustos-Terrones, Iris N Serratos, Rubicelia Vargas, Bruno C Landeros-Rivera, Yaneth A Bustos-Terrones, Ana M Soto Estrada, Jonathan O Vicente Escobar, Mario A Romero Romo, Jorge Uruchurtu, Carmina Menchaca, Juan M Esparza Schulz, Armando Domínguez
A SBA15-Fluconazole composite (SBA15-Flu) was prepared to formulate a self-healing coating for mild steel. The composite was obtained by dispersing SBA15 in a methanolic solution containing Fluconazole (Flu). The materials were characterized by using different techniques. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) was used for protective behavior evaluation of the coatings on mild steel substrates in an electrolytic solution prepared from sodium chloride and ammonium sulfate. The EIS results indicate that the inhibitor trapped in the SiO2 matrix is released when it comes into contact the aggressive solution, thus protecting the metal...
December 2018: ChemistryOpen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30524118/from-occult-parodontopathy-to-splenic-abscess-leading-to-septic-shock
#11
Martina Guerra, Cristiana Iacuzzo, Fabio Porcelli, Nicolò De Manzini
We present a case of a suspect splenic hematoma in an anticoagulated patient with an ignored diabetes mellitus, come to our emergency department. Lab tests showed increased CRP and INR, with an incoming hepatorenal syndrome. During the CT-scan the patient became unstable and the hemoglobin decreased. We decided for an emergency explorative laparotomy finding instead purulent collections with no evidence of bleeding, so we drained the pus and performed a splenectomy. After we excluded all the common primary sites of infection, we found out a severe chronic parodontopathy caused by multiple colonies of Candida albicans...
December 5, 2018: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30523764/patient-centered-medical-homes-in-community-oncology-practices-changes-in-spending-and-care-quality-associated-with-the-come-home-experience
#12
Teresa M Waters, Cameron M Kaplan, Ilana Graetz, Mary M Price, Laura A Stevens, Barbara L McAneny
PURPOSE: We examined whether the Community Oncology Medical Home (COME HOME) program, a medical home program implemented in seven community oncology practices, was associated with changes in spending and care quality. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We compared outcomes from elderly fee-for-service Medicare beneficiaries diagnosed between 2011 and 2015 with breast, lung, colorectal, thyroid, or pancreatic cancer, lymphoma, or melanoma and served by COME HOME practices before and after program implementation versus similar beneficiaries served by other geographically proximate oncologists...
December 5, 2018: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30523575/effect-of-age-sex-and-season-on-the-prevalence-of-linguatula-serrata-infestation-in-mesenteric-lymph-nodes-of-goats-slaughtered-in-tabriz-iran
#13
Nasser Hajipour, Maryam Soltani, Fereshteh Mirshekar
This research was conducted to determine the prevalence and intensity of infection with nymphs of Linguatula serrata in mesenteric lymph nodes of the goats from northwest of Iran. Moreover, the intensity of infection of mesenteric lymph nodes was compared based on gross appearance and the morphological changes in these nodes. In addition, the effects of age, sex, and season on the prevalence of Linguatula serrata were assessed. In this study, mesenteric lymph nodes (n = 16,284) were randomly collected from 2132 goats slaughtered in the abattoir of Tabriz, Iran, from September 2013 to September 2017...
December 6, 2018: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30517847/denoising-of-mr-images-using-kolmogorov-smirnov-distance-in-a-non-local-framework
#14
Fabio Baselice, Giampaolo Ferraioli, Vito Pascazio, Antonietta Sorriso
Data coming from any acquisition system, such as Magnetic Resonance Imaging ones, are affected by noise. Although modern high field scanners can reach high Signal to Noise Ratios, in some circumstances, for example in case of very weak signals due to a specific acquisition sequence, noise becomes a critical issue that has to be properly handled. In last years methods based on the so called Non Local Mean have proven to be very effective in denoising tasks. The idea of these filters is to find similar patches across the image and to jointly exploit them to obtain the restored image...
December 2, 2018: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30516702/the-role-of-nurses-in-advancing-the-objectives-of-the-global-compacts-for-migration-and-on-refugees
#15
Franklin Shaffer, Mukul Bakhshi, Niamh Farrell, Thomas Álvarez
Nurses and other health care professionals are in a unique position to shift the paradigm around migration debates. As caregivers and advocates for patients and other providers, nurses are crucial to the health and well-being of individuals, families, and communities. This is especially true for migrants, including increasingly vulnerable refugee populations around the world. As negotiations surrounding the Global Compact for Migration and Global Compact on Refugees come to a close, nurses' roles are becoming more apparent...
January 2019: Nursing Administration Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30516112/immunomodulatory-properties-of-mesenchymal-stromal-cells-still-unresolved-yin-and-yang
#16
Alessandro Poggi, Maria Raffaella Zocchi
Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) are mesodermal elements characterized by the ability to differentiate into several types of cells present mainly in connective tissues. They play a key function in tissue homeostasis and repair. Furthermore, they exert a strong effect on both innate and adaptive immune response. The main current of thought considers MSC as strong inhibitors of the immune system. Indeed, the first description of MSC immunomodulation pointed out their inability to induce allo immune responses and their veto effects on mixed lymphocyte reactions...
December 4, 2018: Current Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30515946/the-significance-of-parenting-and-parent-child-relationships-for-sexual-and-gender-minority-adolescents
#17
W Roger Mills-Koonce, Peter D Rehder, Amy L McCurdy
Adolescents in 21st century America are experiencing the emergence of their sexual and gender identities in a heteronormative society that is steadily adopting more progressive views and policies related to sexual orientation and gender. However, despite these sociocultural changes, parent-child relationships remain as one of the strongest predictors of LGBT adolescent adjustment. This article reviews the extant literature on this topic from family systems and attachment perspectives while highlighting the significance of family experiences within a minority stress framework...
September 2018: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30514389/benchmarking-in-vitro-tissue-engineered-blood-brain-barrier-models
#18
REVIEW
Jackson G DeStefano, John J Jamieson, Raleigh M Linville, Peter C Searson
The blood-brain barrier (BBB) plays a key role in regulating transport into and out of the brain. With increasing interest in the role of the BBB in health and disease, there have been significant advances in the development of in vitro models. The value of these models to the research community is critically dependent on recapitulating characteristics of the BBB in humans or animal models. However, benchmarking in vitro models is surprisingly difficult since much of our knowledge of the structure and function of the BBB comes from in vitro studies...
December 4, 2018: Fluids and Barriers of the CNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30507299/sexual-prejudice-in-sport-scale-a-new-measure
#19
Roberto Baiocco, Jessica Pistella, Marco Salvati, Salvatore Ioverno, Fabio Lucidi
This study describes the process of developing and validating the Sexual Prejudice in Sport Scale (SPSS), which is a multidimensional instrument developed to assess attitudes toward lesbians and gay men (LG) in sports. The authors conducted two studies: first, to establish the factor structure of the SPSS on 297 heterosexual athletes; and, second, to test the reliability and validity of the resulting 19-item scale on a sample of 311 heterosexual and 160 LG athletes. Exploratory factor analysis of an initial item pool yielded three factors: open rejection, which assesses the blatant prejudice expressed toward LG people; denial of visibility, which evaluates attitude toward the coming out of LG people; and gendering performance, which corresponds to gender stereotypes about performance/skills of LG people...
December 3, 2018: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30503235/-prospective-evaluation-of-the-knowledge-of-couples-concerning-the-prenatal-screening-ultrasound
#20
M Eslier, P Dolley, C Albert, G Benoist, M Dreyfus
OBJECTIVES: Evaluation of the knowledge of couples concerning the prenatal screening ultrasound in order to improve information. METHODS: This prospective, observational and comparative study was carried out in three maternal centers: a level III maternity, a level II private maternity, and a private gynecologist's office where prenatal screening ultrasounds were performed between the first of March 2018 and the 31th of April 2018. A questionnaire was given to all pregnant women coming to consult for a prenatal screening ultrasound...
November 29, 2018: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
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