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Vitamin d falls

Reiko Nagasaka, Eleonora Swist, Kurtis Sarafin, Claude Gagnon, Isabelle Rondeau, Isabelle Massarelli, Winnie Cheung, Patrick Laffey, Stephen Pj Brooks, W M Nimal Ratnayake
The US Institute of Medicine defined serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) cut point values of 30 nmol/L and 40 nmol/L were used to assess the vitamin D status of South Asian and European Canadians of self-identified ancestry living in the National Capital Region of Canada. Serum 25OHD values were measured in the spring and fall of 2012 to represent status during the winter and summer months, respectively. A total of 1238 measurements were obtained from 669 participants (49% South Asian ancestry): some participants were measured only once (spring or fall)...
2018: PloS One
Simeon Joel Zürcher, Andrea Quadri, Andreas Huber, Lothar Thomas, Graeme Leonard Close, Saskia Brunner, Patrik Noack, Boris Gojanovic, Susi Kriemler
Vitamin D concentrations corresponding to 75 nmol/L 25(OH)D have been associated with maintained muscle function, growth and regeneration, optimal bone health and immunology in athletes. The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence and predictors of insufficient 25(OH)D concentrations in athletes. Six hundred three Swiss athletes were assessed. 25(OH)D was analysed by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). A standardized questionnaire was used to gather information about potential predictors for 25(OH)D concentrations; 50...
September 2018: Sports medicine international open
Iacopo Chiodini, Luigi Gennari
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 7, 2018: Nature Reviews. Rheumatology
Hemant Goyal, Abhilash Perisetti, M Rubayat Rahman, Avi Levin, Giuseppe Lippi
Calcitriol (1,25(OH)2 D3 ) performs various activities throughout the body. Although low serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] levels are associated with several disease processes such as risk of fractures and falls, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, and diabetes mellitus, recent evidence attests that this important hormone also regulates several cellular pathways involved in cancer development and progression. Calcitriol modulates several genes controlling gut physiology and calcium homeostasis and also maintains the integrity of epithelial barriers, regulates the absorption of phosphate and calcium, and modulates host defense against pathogens and inflammatory response by interplaying with several types of secretory and immune cells...
December 3, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
Björk A, Ribom E, Johansson G, Scragg R, Mellström D, Grundberg E, Ohlsson C, Karlsson M, Ljunggren Ö, Kindmark A
The vitamin D receptor (VDR) has been proposed as a candidate gene for several musculoskeletal phenotypes. However, previous results on the associations between genetic variants of the VDR with muscle strength and falls have been contradictory. The MrOS Sweden survey, a prospective population-based cohort study of 3014 elderly men (mean age 75 years, range 69-81) offered the opportunity to further investigate these associations. At baseline, data were collected on muscle strength and also the prevalence of falls during the previous 12 months...
November 23, 2018: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Q Li, Y Jia, W R Burris, P J Bridges, J C Matthews
The goal of this study was to test the hypothesis that sodium selenite (ISe), SEL-PLEX (OSe), vs. a 1:1 blend (MIX) of ISe and OSe in a basal vitamin-mineral (VM) mix would differentially alter pituitary transcriptome profiles in growing beef steers grazing an endophyte-infected tall fescue (E+) pasture. Predominately-Angus steers (BW = 183 ± 34 kg) were randomly selected from fall-calving cows grazing E+ pasture and consuming VM mixes that contained 35 ppm Se as ISe, OSe, or MIX forms. Steers were weaned, depleted of Se for 98 d, and subjected to summer-long common grazing of a 10...
November 22, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
Roger Bouillon, Geert Carmeliet
Severe vitamin D deficiency can be defined as the dose of vitamin D or serum 25OHD concentrations needed to prevent nutritional rickets or osteomalacia. There is large international consensus that these diseases can be prevented by 400 IU of vitamin D/d and 25OHD above 30 nmol/l (12 ng/ml). Vitamin D deficiency can also accelerate the risk of fractures and probably also of falls in elderly subjects but there is no consensus on the required daily doses or minimal 25OHD threshold for these endpoints. The majority of experts consider 800 IU/d and serum 25OHD above 50 nmol/l (20 ng/ml) as sufficient, with a minority opinion aiming for 75 nmol/l or even higher...
October 2018: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism
Mathias Schlögl, Patricia Chocano-Bedoya, Bess Dawson-Hughes, Endel J Orav, Gregor Freystaetter, Robert Theiler, Reto W Kressig, Andreas Egli, Heike A Bischoff-Ferrari
OBJECTIVE: With advancing age, the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency and musculoskeletal pain increases. However, published data on the effectiveness of vitamin D supplementation in reducing chronic pain are inconclusive. The purpose of this study was to test the effect of 3 different monthly doses of vitamin D on chronic pain in seniors 70 years and older with a prior fall event. DESIGN: 1-year, double-blind randomized clinical trial. SETTING: The trial was conducted in Zurich, Switzerland...
November 3, 2018: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
Hisashi Matsushima
Androgen deprivation therapy(ADT)is a standard systemic therapy for prostate cancer. ADT induces bone loss(ADTIBL)and muscle loss(sarcopenia)leading to falls and farctures. There are 2 aims in bone management of prostate cancer:one is to prevent fragility fractures in patients without bone metastasis and the other is to prevent symptomatic skeletal events(SSE)which are pathologic fractures, spinal compression, radiation to bones and surgery to bones. Bone fractures and SSE are both correlated with worse overall survival(OS)...
2018: Clinical Calcium
Parminder Singh
Vitamin D is essential for the maintenance of calcium and phosphorus homeostasis, skeletal growth and various other metabolic processes. The prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in India is 50-90% in various studies. Factors such as low sunlight exposure, age-related decrease in cutaneous synthesis, and low dietary intake of vitamin D contribute to the high prevalence of vitamin D inadequacy which has emerged as a highly pervasive condition. Bone diseases such as rickets in children, osteomalacia and osteoporosis in adults are related with vitamin D insufficiency...
January 2018: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
L Murthy, P Dreyer, P Suriyaarachchi, F Gomez, C L Curcio, D Boersma, G Duque
BACKGROUND: Frailty is associated with poor outcomes hence identification of risks factors is pivotal. Since the independent role of parathyroid hormone (PTH) in frailty remains unexplored, we aimed to determine this in a population of older individuals with a history of falling. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Falls and Fracture Clinic, Nepean Hospital (Penrith, Australia). PARTICIPANTS: 692 subjects (mean age=79, 65% women) assessed between 2009-2015...
2018: Journal of Frailty & Aging
J Chris Gallagher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
Mark J Bolland, Andrew Grey, Alison Avenell
BACKGROUND: The effects of vitamin D on fractures, falls, and bone mineral density are uncertain, particularly for high vitamin D doses. We aimed to determine the effect of vitamin D supplementation on fractures, falls, and bone density. METHODS: In this systematic review, random-effects meta-analysis, and trial sequential analysis, we used findings from literature searches in previously published meta-analyses. We updated these findings by searching PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Central on Sept 14, 2017, and Feb 26, 2018, using the search term "vitamin D" and additional keywords, without any language restrictions...
November 2018: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
Auda Fares
Fractures are major cause of morbidity, mortality, and healthcare and social services expenditure in elderly. Fractures often have multifactorial etiologies and the condition emerges due to the interaction between the different predisposing and precipitating factors. One of the most common causes leading to fractures after minimal trauma in older people is osteoporosis. The objective of this article is to describe the clinical concept and summarize the evidence and to explain the future directions for research, focusing on specific issues related to prevent fracture in the elderly...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Miles D Witham, Margaret M Band, Rosemary J G Price, Roberta L Fulton, Clare L Clarke, Peter T Donnan, Roy L Soiza, Vera Cvoro
Background/Aims Recruitment to trials of intervention for older people who fall is challenging. Evidence suggests that the word falls has negative connotations for older people, and this may present a barrier to engaging with trials in this area. We therefore tested whether a participant information sheet that minimised reference to falls could improve recruitment rates. Methods We conducted a study within a trial, embedded within a randomised controlled trial of vitamin K versus placebo to improve postural sway in patients aged 65 and over with a history of falls...
September 27, 2018: Clinical Trials: Journal of the Society for Clinical Trials
Amie L Hiller, Charles F Murchison, Brenna M Lobb, Susan O'Connor, Morgan O'Connor, Joseph F Quinn
OBJECTIVES: To explore if short term, high dose vitamin D supplementation is safe and improves balance in persons with Parkinson's disease (PD). METHODS: A pilot randomized, double-blind intervention trial to measure the effects of 16 weeks of high dose vitamin D (10,000 IU/day) on balance as well as other motor and non-motor features of PD. We measured balance, gait, strength, falls, cognition, mood, PD severity, and quality of life before and after 16 weeks of high dose vitamin D supplementation or placebo...
2018: PloS One
K Uusi-Rasi, R Patil, S Karinkanta, K Tokola, P Kannus, C Lamberg-Allardt, H Sievänen
Three hundred eighty-seven home-dwelling older women were divided into quartiles based on mean serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (S-25(OH)D) levels. The rates of falls and fallers were about 40% lower in the highest S-25(OH)D quartile compared to the lowest despite no differences in physical functioning, suggesting that S-25(OH)D levels may modulate individual fall risk. INTRODUCTION: Vitamin D supplementation of 800 IU did not reduce falls in our previous 2-year vitamin D and exercise RCT in 70-80 year old women...
September 25, 2018: Osteoporosis International
Donald C McMillan, Donogh Maguire, Dinesh Talwar
Micronutrients such as trace elements and vitamins are important as enzyme cofactors in the metabolism of all cells in the body and therefore key to determining nutritional status. The present systematic review examined the evidence of the impact of the systemic inflammatory response on plasma micronutrient status in acute (surgical) and chronic tissue injury. A literature review using targeted subject headings was carried out. Plasma C-reactive protein was used to classify minor (80 mg/l) inflammation. The literature search produced 2344 publications and plasma vitamin D, zinc and carotenoids were most commonly studied and plasma vitamins K, B2 and B6 were least studied...
September 17, 2018: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
Julia J Rucklidge, Matthew J F Eggleston, Kathryn A Darling, Aaron J Stevens, Martin A Kennedy, Christopher M Frampton
BACKGROUND: Intent-to-treat analyses from a randomized controlled trial showed significant between-group differences favouring micronutrient treatment on the Clinical Global Impression-Improvement, but no group differences on clinician, parent and teacher ratings of overall ADHD symptoms. There was an advantage of micronutrients over placebo in improving overall function, emotional regulation, aggression, and reducing impairment as well as improving inattention based on clinician but not parent observation...
September 12, 2018: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
Ian D Cameron, Suzanne M Dyer, Claire E Panagoda, Geoffrey R Murray, Keith D Hill, Robert G Cumming, Ngaire Kerse
BACKGROUND: Falls in care facilities and hospitals are common events that cause considerable morbidity and mortality for older people. This is an update of a review first published in 2010 and updated in 2012. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of interventions designed to reduce the incidence of falls in older people in care facilities and hospitals. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Bone, Joint and Muscle Trauma Group Specialised Register (August 2017); Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (2017, Issue 8); and MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL and trial registers to August 2017...
September 7, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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