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"assisted suicide" OR "aid in dying"

Frederick J White
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Linacre Quarterly
Eric Blackstone, Stuart J Youngner
In 1989, Susan Wolf convincingly warned of a troublesome consequence that should discourage any movement in American society towards physician-assisted death-a legal backlash against the gains made for limiting life-sustaining treatment. The authors demonstrate that this dire consequence did not come to pass. As physician-assisted suicide gains a foothold in USA and elsewhere, many other slippery slope arguments are being put forward. Although many of these speculations should be taken seriously, they do not justify halting the new practice...
July 21, 2018: Journal of Medical Ethics
Johanna Anneser
Palliative Sedation: Comments on a controversial topic Abstract. Palliative sedation (PS) is an accepted medical practice for terminally ill patients. It intends the alleviation of unbearable suffering by intentionally lowering the level of consciousness. In contrast to physician assisted suicide and euthanasia, palliative sedation aims to relieve burdensome symptoms with no intention of hastening death. PC can be applied as "intermittent palliative sedation" or "continuous (deep) sedation until death"...
July 2018: Therapeutische Umschau. Revue Thérapeutique
Mara Buchbinder
This article draws on ethnographic research on the implementation of Vermont's 2013 medical aid-in-dying (AID) law to explore a fundamental paradox: while public discourse characterizes AID as a mechanism for achieving an individually-controlled autonomous death, the medico-legal framework that organizes it enlists social support and cultivates dependencies. Therefore, while patients pursuing AID may avoid certain types of dependency-such as those involved in bodily care-the process requires them to affirm and strengthen other bureaucratic, material, and affective forms...
July 16, 2018: Medical Anthropology Quarterly
R K Jacobs, M Hendricks
BACKGROUND: Euthanasia/physician-assisted suicide have been a controversial and sometimes taboo topic for a long time, not only in South Africa (SA) but also internationally. A recent (SA) judicial case has seen the topic debated again. Consensus on accepting or abolishing these practices in SA has yet to be reached. All relevant role players need to be adequately engaged before policy can be informed. OBJECTIVES: To determine the views of future doctors (medical students) regarding euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide (PAS) and to ascertain their stance on its legalisation in South Africa (SA)...
May 25, 2018: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
Danuta Mendelson
The Voluntary Assisted Dying Bill 2017 Vic (VAD Bill) was passed by the Legislative Assembly of the Victorian Parliament on 20 October 2017. The Bill is partly based on the Majority Report provided by the Legal and Social Issues Committee of the Victorian Legislative Council following its Inquiry into End of Life Choices (June 2016). The Majority Report recommended introduction of euthanasia and assisted suicide legislation. The Bill is modelled on the Ministerial Advisory Panel on Voluntary Assisted Dying Final Report, which drafted 66 recommendations on legalising administration and supply of substances for the purpose of causing the person's death...
November 2017: Journal of Law and Medicine
David Shaw, Manuel Trachsel, Bernice Elger
SummaryIn this editorial, we argue that current attitudes toward terminally ill patients are generally too paternalistic, and that it is wrong to assume that patients suffering from mental health issues (including depression) cannot consent to assisted suicide.Declaration of interestNone.
July 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
Stella Reiter-Theil, Charlotte Wetterauer, Irena Anna Frei
In Switzerland, the practice of lay right-to-die societies (RTDS) organizing assisted suicide (AS) is tolerated by the state. Patient counseling and accompaniment into the dying process is overtaken by RTDS lay members, while the role of physicians may be restricted to prescribing the mortal dose after a more or less rigorous exploration of the patient’s decisional capacity. However, Swiss health care facilities and professionals are committed to providing suicide prevention. Despite the liberal attitude in society, the legitimacy of organized AS is ethically questioned...
June 15, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Božidar Banović, Veljko Turanjanin, Emir Ćorović
Background: Physician-assisted suicide is one of the features with very different legal solutions in the world. In Serbia, physician-assisted suicide is a crime, within a crime of the assisted suicide. The possibility of the legislation of the voluntary active euthanasia may open the door to the decriminalization of the physician-assisted suicide. Methods: Data were obtained from the Clinical Hospital Center in Kragujevac, Republic of Serbia collected during 2015...
April 2018: Iranian Journal of Public Health
Lois Snyder Sulmasy, Paul S Mueller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 5, 2018: Annals of Internal Medicine
Allen H Roberts
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 5, 2018: Annals of Internal Medicine
Timothy L Gieseke
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 5, 2018: Annals of Internal Medicine
Christie Reimer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 5, 2018: Annals of Internal Medicine
Banu E Symington
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 5, 2018: Annals of Internal Medicine
E Wesley Ely
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 5, 2018: Annals of Internal Medicine
Bernard Lo
"What do you think about physician aid in dying?" Because 18.2% of the U.S. population lives in jurisdictions where physician aid in dying (PAD) is now legal, physicians need to anticipate that patients may inquire about or request it. Two decades ago, when PAD was illegal throughout the United..
May 31, 2018: New England Journal of Medicine
Martin Buijsen
The issue of assisted suicide for those with a "fulfilled life" is being hotly debated in the Netherlands. A large number of Dutch people feel that elderly people (i.e., people who have reached the age of 70) with a "fulfilled life" should have access to assisted suicide. Citizens have therefore requested Parliament to expand the existing legislation that governs euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide. The Dutch constitution does not permit national legislation to be incompatible with higher international (human rights) law...
July 2018: Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics: CQ: the International Journal of Healthcare Ethics Committees
Reetta P Piili, Riina Metsänoja, Heikki Hinkka, Pirkko-Liisa I Kellokumpu-Lehtinen, Juho T Lehto
BACKGROUND: The ethics of hastened death are complex. Studies on physicians' opinions about assisted dying (euthanasia or assisted suicide) exist, but changes in physicians' attitudes towards hastened death in clinical decision-making and the background factors explaining this remain unclear. The aim of this study was to explore the changes in these attitudes among Finnish physicians. METHODS: A questionnaire including hypothetical patient scenarios was sent to 1182 and 1258 Finnish physicians in 1999 and 2015, respectively...
May 30, 2018: BMC Medical Ethics
Miriam S Menezes, Maria das Graças Mota da Cruz de Assis Figueiredo
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Palliative sedation is a medical procedure that has been used for more than 25 years to relieve refractory symptoms not responsive to any previous treatment in patients with no possibility of cure and near the end of life. Many uncertainties persist on the issue regarding definition, indications, decision making, most appropriate place to perform the procedure, most used drugs, need for monitoring, fluids and nutritional support, and possible ethical dilemmas...
May 15, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
G Richard Holt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Southern Medical Journal
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