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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922421/seroprevalence-and-genotyping-of-avian-infectious-bronchitis-virus-detected-from-iranian-unvaccinated-backyard-chickens
#1
Shima Shokri, Vahid Karimi, Arash Ghalyanchi Langeroudi, Mehdi Vasfi Marandi, Masoud Hashamzadeh, Taha Zabihipetroudi, Hamideh Najafi, Farshad Tehrani
Background and Objectives: Different epidemiological studies have found that backyard chickens are a reservoir for poultry diseases. Most backyard chicken flocks have a poor level of biosecurity, which increases the risk of spread of diseases. In recent years, the number of backyard chickens has been on the rise in Iran. However, the health status of backyard flocks is still poorly documented. Thus, this study aimed at examining the seroprevalence of antibodies against infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) and molecular surveillance and genotyping of IBV among backyard chickens (without vaccination history) in Mazandaran province, North of Iran, 2014...
February 2018: Iranian Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768944/zataria-multiflora-essential-oil-reduces-replication-rate-of-avian-influenza-virus-h9n2-subtype-in-challenged-broiler-chicks
#2
A Shayeganmehr, M Vasfi Marandi, V Karimi, A Barin, A Ghalyanchilangeroudi
1. The effect of Zataria multiflora essential oil on replication rate of the H9N2 virus in target organs was determined by real-time PCR. One-day-old broiler chicks were randomly divided into six groups and were challenged with H9N2 influenza. Two groups received either 20 or 40 µl/kg body weight/day Zataria multiflora essential oils (ZM) seven days before the challenge while two other groups received the essential oil at the same dosage but after H9N2 challenge. One group received 4 mg/kg body weight/day of the anti-viral compound amantadine after challenge and the last group received no treatment and served as the control...
August 2018: British Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627903/rapid-molecular-identification-and-differentiation-of-common-salmonella-serovars-isolated-from-poultry-domestic-animals-and-foodstuff-using-multiplex-pcr-assay
#3
A B Alzwghaibi, R Yahyaraeyat, B Nayeri Fasaei, A Ghalyanchi Langeroudi, T Zahraei Salehi
Salmonella is widely distributed throughout the world and can be found in poultry industry, animal breeding centers, food and feedstuffs of all geographical regions. This study was conducted to determine and identify Salmonella serovars isolated from poultry, calves and foodstuffs (poultry and animals products such as egg and meat). A total of one hundred isolates of Salmonella serovars including Salmonella Typhimurium, Salmonella Enteritidis, Salmonella Infantis, Salmonella Gallinarum and Salmonella Pullorum consecutively were subjected to the conventional culture, biochemical and serological assays...
April 7, 2018: Archives of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141797/diagnosis-and-management-of-neuromyelitis-optica-spectrum-disorder-nmosd-in-iran-a-consensus-guideline-and-recommendations
#4
REVIEW
Mohammad Ali Sahraian, Abdorreza Naser Moghadasi, Amir Reza Azimi, Nasrin Asgari, Fahimeh H Akhoundi, Roya Abolfazli, Shekoofeh Alaie, Fereshteh Ashtari, Hormoz Ayromlou, Seyed Mohammad Baghbanian, Nahid Beladi Moghadam, Farzad Fatehi, Mohsen Foroughipour, Hamidreza Ghalyanchi Langroodi, Nastaran Majdinasab, Alireza Nickseresht, Abbas Nourian, Vahid Shaygannejad, Hamid Reza Torabi
Neuromyelitis Optica Spectrum Disorder (NMOSD) is a relapsing neuro inflammatory disease of the central nervous system that typically presents with optic neuritis or myelitis and may cause severe disability. The diagnostic criteria have been updated and several immunosuppressive agents have been demonstrated to prevent acute exacerbations. As the disease rarely develops in a progressive course, management of acute attacks and proper prevention of exacerbations may change the long term out-come and prevent future disability...
November 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665737/fowl-adenoviruses-d-and-e-cause-inclusion-body-hepatitis-outbreaks-in-broiler-and-broiler-breeder-pullet-flocks
#5
Rima Morshed, Hossein Hosseini, Arash Ghalyanchi Langeroudi, Mohammad Hassan Bozorgmehri Fard, Saeid Charkhkar
Twenty-four fowl adenoviruses (FAdVs) were isolated from broiler and broiler breeder pullet flocks in Iran during 2013-2016 and were identified and characterized. All FAdVs were from inclusion body hepatitis (IBH) cases, showing an enlarged and pale yellow liver with multiple petechial hemorrhages. Phylogenetic analyses of partial hexon gene sequences are an adequate and quick method for differentiation and genotyping. The isolates were subjected to PCR to amplify a 590-bp fragment from the hexon gene. Sequence analysis revealed the presence of two species D and E...
June 2017: Avian Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473895/pathogenicity-study-of-iranian-genotype-of-avian-infectious-bronchitis-virus-ir-1
#6
Hamideh Najafi, Arash Ghalyanchi Langeroudi, Masoud Hashemzadeh, Vahid Karimi, Omid Madadgar, Reza Khaltabadi Farahani, Seyed Ali Ghafouri, Hossein Maghsoudloo, Parvaneh Seifouri, Ali Madhi
Avian infectious bronchitis (IB) is a major cause of economic losses in poultry industry. The IB virus primarily affects respiratory tract, but various strains differ in their tropism for other target organs such as kidney and alimentary tract. The objective of this study was to estimate the pathogenicity of Iranian IBV variant (IR-1), which is limited exclusively to Iran. Specific pathogen free chicks were inoculated intranasally. Sera, fecal swabs and different tissue samples were collected on different days post infection (DPI)...
2017: Veterinary Research Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429131/the-first-comprehensive-molecular-detection-of-six-honey-bee-viruses-in-iran-in-2015-2016
#7
Mohammadreza Ghorani, Omid Madadgar, Arash Ghalyanchi Langeroudi, Mohammadreza Rezapanah, Sedigheh Nabian, Hesameddin Akbarein, Reza Kh Farahani, Hossein Maghsoudloo, Hamed Abdollahi, Mohammad Forsi
At least 18 viruses have been reported in the honey bee (Apis mellifera L.). However, severe diseases in honey bees are mainly caused by six viruses, and these are the most important in beekeeping. These viruses include: deformed wing virus (DWV), acute bee paralysis virus (ABPV), chronic bee paralysis virus (CBPV), sacbrood virus (SBV), kashmir bee virus (KBV), and black queen cell virus (BQCV). In this study, we evaluated 89 Iranian honey bee apiaries (during the period 2015-2016) suffering from symptoms of depopulation, sudden collapse, paralysis, or dark coloring, by employing reverse transcription-PCR...
August 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144423/prevalence-of-avian-infectious-bronchitis-virus-in-broiler-chicken-farms-in-south-of-iraq-2014-2015
#8
Waleed Seger, Arash Ghalyanchi Langeroudi, Vahid Karimi, Omid Madadgar, Mehdi Vasfi Marandi, Masoud Hashemzadeh
Avian infectious bronchitis (IB), caused by a gammacoronavirus, is an OIE-listed (List B) disease and characterized by respiratory and renal involvements, causing high mortality, and economic loss in both layers and broilers. In comparison with other diagnostic methods, real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and conventional RT-PCR are potent, more sensitive and faster techniques for infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) detection. This research was conducted to detect IBV using specific primers of IB in three governorates (Basra, Thi-Qar and Muthana) in the south of Iraq...
2016: Veterinary Research Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928919/pathogenicity-characteristics-of-an-iranian-variant-2-is-1494-like-infectious-bronchitis-virus-in-experimentally-infected-spf-chickens
#9
H Najafi, A Ghalyanchi Langeroudi, M Hashemzadeh, O Madadgar, V Karimi, R K Farahani, H Abdollahi, H Maghsoudsloo, P Seifouri
Avian infectious bronchitis (IB) is a major cause of economic loss to the poultry industry. IB virus primarily affects respiratory tract, but strains differ in their tropism for such other target organs as kidneys and alimentary tract. The objective of this study was to estimate the pathogenicity of an Iranian IB virus (IBV) variant (variant-2) which is one of the most prevalent isolates circulating in Iranian poultry farms. SPF chickens were intranasally inoculated with 104 EID50/0.1 ml of the virus. Sera, fecal swabs, and different tissue samples were collected on different days post infection...
2016: Acta Virologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27838879/genetic-analysis-of-h9n2-avian-influenza-viruses-circulated-in-broiler-flocks-a-case-study-in-iraq-in-2014-2015
#10
Qayssar Ali Kraidi, Omid Madadgar, Arash Ghalyanchi Langeroudi, Vahid Karimi
H9N2 avian influenza viruses (AIVs) have been recorded in Eurasian for several years. Since 2004-2005, the disease has become endemic in Iraq, causing serious economic losses in the poultry industry. The hemagglutinin (HA) and neuraminidase (NA), two out of eight protein-coding genes, play an important role during the early stage of infection and hinder virus assembling. Little is known about the genetic information of the H9N2 viruses currently circulating in Iraq; thus, gene sequences of six AIVS of the H9N2 subtype have been detected and analyzed in the period of 2014-2015 from different outbreaks of broiler flocks in five provinces situated in the middle and southern parts of Iraq...
April 2017: Virus Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677611/phylogenetic-study-based-hemagglutinin-ha-gene-of-highly-pathogenic-avian-influenza-virus-h5n1-detected-from-backyard-chickens-in-iran-2015
#11
Syed Ali Ghafouri, Arash Ghalyanchi Langeroudi, Hossein Maghsoudloo, Farshad Tehrani, Reza Khaltabadifarahani, Hamed Abdollahi, Mohammad Hossein Fallah
Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) viruses of the H5N1 subtype have been diversified into multiple phylogenetic clades over the past decade and are highly genetically variable. In June 2015, one outbreak of HPAI H5N1 in backyard chickens was reported in the Nogardan village of the Mazandaran Province. Tracheal tissues were taken from the dead domestic chickens (n = 10) and processed for RT-PCR. The positive samples (n = 10) were characterized as HPAI H5N1 by sequencing analysis for the hemagglutinin and neuraminidase genes...
February 2017: Virus Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27516987/the-effect-of-allium-sativum-garlic-extract-on-infectious-bronchitis-virus-in-specific-pathogen-free-embryonic-egg
#12
Tabassom Mohajer Shojai, Arash Ghalyanchi Langeroudi, Vahid Karimi, Abbas Barin, Naser Sadri
OBJECTIVE: Garlic is a plant has been used as a flavor, and anti-microbial and anti-diarrheal agent. Infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) is a coronavirus. The available vaccines against IBV cannot cover new variants. This study evaluated the inhibitory effects of garlic extract on IBV. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The constituents of garlic extract were detected by gas chromatography. This study was done in four groups of embryonic SPF eggs; first group was used for virus titration; second group received the mixture of different virus titration and constant amount of garlic extract; third group received 10(-3) titration of virus and after 8 hr received garlic extract and the last group received different dilutions of garlic extract...
July 2016: Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27306993/neuromyelitis-optica-and-pregnancy
#13
REVIEW
Ameneh Zare-Shahabadi, Hamidreza Ghalyanchi Langroodi, Amir Reza Azimi, Mohammad Ali Sahraian, Mohammad Hossein Harirchian, Seyed Mohammad Baghbanian
Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) and the associated NMO spectrum disorders are demyelinating disorders affecting the spinal cord and optic nerves. It has prominent female predominance and many of these patients are in their childbearing years. As pregnancy seems to have a major impact on this disease course, in this review, recent studies with a focus on this disease and pregnancy and safety of available treatment options during this period are discussed.
December 2016: Acta Neurologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27246506/co-administration-of-ginseng-and-ciprofloxacin-ameliorates-epididymo-orchitis-induced-alterations-in-sperm-quality-and-spermatogenic-cells-apoptosis-following-infection-in-rats
#14
M Eskandari, A Ghalyanchi Langeroudi, H Zeighami, A Rostami, M Kazemi, H Eyni, S Shokri
Korean red ginseng (KRG) may be a beneficial adjuvant along with ciprofloxacin to ameliorate devastating effects of epididymo-orchitis (EO) on male fertility. This study intends to assay the effects of KRG and ciprofloxacin on sperm quality and spermatogenic cells apoptosis in EO rats. We divided 54 adult rats into nine groups (n = 6 rats per group): control (CO), sham-operated (SH), EO (E); ciprofloxacin (C), EO-ciprofloxacin (EC), KRG (G), EO-KRG (EG), ciprofloxacin-KRG (CG) and EO-ciprofloxacin-KRG (ECG)...
April 2017: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27054125/efficacy-of-compound-therapy-by-ginseng-and-ciprofloxacin-on-bacterial-prostatitis
#15
Maryam Miri, Saeid Shokri, Shahram Darabi, Mahmood Alipour Heidari, Akhgar Ghalyanchi, Mohammad Hassan Karimfar, Reza Shirazi
OBJECTIVE: Genitourinary tract infections play a significant role in male infertility. Infections of reproductive sex glands, such as the prostate, impair function and indirectly affect male fertility. The general aim of this study is to investigate the protective effect of Korean red ginseng (KRG) on prostatitis in male rats treated with ciprofloxacin (CIPX). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this experimental study, we randomly divided 72 two male Wistar rats into 9 groups...
2016: Cell Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27016763/phylogenetic-analysis-of-the-glycoprotein-gene-of-viral-hemorrhagic-septicemia-virus-from-iranian-trout-farms-points-towards-a-common-european-origin
#16
Mohammadreza Ghorani, Milad Adel, Maryam Dadar, Arash Ghalyanchi Langeroudi, Roholla Kamyabi, Vikram N Vakharia, Katja Einer-Jensen
Viral haemorrhagic septicaemia virus (VHSV), a member of family Rhabdoviridae and genus Novirhabdoviridae, causes mortality in numerous marine and freshwater hosts located in northern hemisphere. To evaluate the genetic diversity of VHSV from the North and South West of Iran, the sequences of a 1483bp nt region of the glycoprotein gene were determined for four Iranian isolates. These sequences were analysed to evaluate their genetic relatedness with 86 worldwide isolates representing the four known genogroups of VHSV...
April 15, 2016: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26893808/detection-of-arctic-and-european-cluster-of-canine-distemper-virus-in-north-and-center-of-iran
#17
Somayeh Namroodi, Amir Rostami, Keyvan Majidzadeh-Ardebili, Arash Ghalyanchi Langroudi, Abbas Morovvati
Canine distemper virus (CDV) creates a very contagious viral multi-systemic canine distemper (CD) disease that affects most species of Carnivora order. The virus is genetically heterogeneous, particularly in section of the hemagglutinin (H) gene. Sequence analysis of the H gene can be useful to investigate distinction of various lineages related to geographical distribution and CDV molecular epidemiology. Since vaccination program is conducted only in large cities of Iran, CD still remains as one of the major causes of death in dogs in this country...
2015: Veterinary Research Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26467927/molecular-characterization-of-infectious-bronchitis-viruses-isolated-from-broiler-chicken-farms-in-iran-2014-2015
#18
Hamideh Najafi, Arash Ghalyanchi Langeroudi, Masoud Hashemzadeh, Vahid Karimi, Omid Madadgar, Seyed Ali Ghafouri, Hossein Maghsoudlo, Reza Khaltabadi Farahani
Infectious bronchitis (IB) is a viral avian disease with economic importance in the world, including Iran. S1 gene sequencing has been used for molecular epidemiological studies and genotypic characterization of infectious bronchitis virus (IBV). A total of 118 IBV isolates were obtained from tissue samples from chickens with clinically suspected IB from Iranian broiler farms (eight provinces, 200 samples). The isolates were confirmed by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and characterized by sequencing the spike glycoprotein gene...
January 2016: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25734151/elevated-carbon-monoxide-to-carbon-dioxide-ratio-in-the-exhaled-breath-of-mice-treated-with-a-single-dose-of-lipopolysaccharide
#19
Arash Ghalyanchi Langeroudi, Charlotte M Hirsch, Azadeh Shojaee Estabragh, Simone Meinardi, Donald R Blake, Alan G Barbour
BACKGROUND: Analysis of volatile organic chemicals in breath holds promise for noninvasive diagnosis and monitoring of patients, but investigation of this in experimental mouse models has been limited. Of particular interest is endogenous production of carbon monoxide as a biomarker of inflammation and, more particularly, during sepsis. METHODS: Using a nose-only collection procedure for unanesthetized individual adult mice and sensitive gas chromatography of carbon monoxide (CO) and carbon dioxide (CO2) of sampled breath, we investigated the responses of mice to one-time injections with different doses of purified Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide...
September 2014: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25610576/molecular-and-clinical-study-on-prevalence-of-feline-herpesvirus-type-1-and-calicivirus-in-correlation-with-feline-leukemia-and-immunodeficiency-viruses
#20
Hamideh Najafi, Omid Madadgar, Shahram Jamshidi, Arash Ghalyanchi Langeroudi, Mahdieh Darzi Lemraski
Upper respiratory tract diseases (URTD) are common clinical problem in cats worldwide. Feline calicivirus (FCV) and feline herpesvirus type 1 (FHV-1) are the main primary pathogens. Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) and Feline leukemia virus (FeLV) are also among the most common infectious diseases of cats which suppress the immunity. Oropharyngeal and conjunctival swabs and blood samples were taken from 16 cats with clinical signs of URTD and 26 clinically healthy cats. PCR and RT-PCR were used to detect FHV/FIV or FCV/FeLV infections, respectively...
2014: Veterinary Research Forum
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