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Marriage and family

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734504/-relationship-between-family-variables-and-conjugal-adjustment
#1
Nerea Jiménez-Picón, Joaquín-Salvador Lima-Rodríguez, Marta Lima-Serrano
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether family variables, such as type of relationship, years of marriage, existence of offspring, number of members of family, stage of family life cycle, transition between stages, perceived social support, and/or stressful life events are related to conjugal adjustment. DESIGN: A cross-sectional and correlational study using questionnaires. LOCATION: Primary care and hospital units of selected centres in the province of Seville, Spain...
July 19, 2017: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733565/customary-marriages-in-rural-pakistan
#2
N Rehan, K Qayyum
BACKGROUND: Although the incidents of customary marriages are frequently reported in Pakistani press, yet no large scale community-based study has ever been conducted to gauge the magnitude of such marriages. The present study is the first-ever community based study on this topic. METHODS: 4,385 ever-married women, aged 18-83 years, from six rural districts, were interviewed to enquire about the types of their marriages. The data was collected through interviews conducted by trained female interviewers and analysed through SPSS-20...
June 2017: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728425/qatari-intersections-with-global-genetics-research-and-discourse
#3
Susie Kilshaw
Genetic discourses have taken a predominant role in approaches to combating a number of conditions that affect Qataris. This paper is derived from an exploration of Qatari encounters with globalizing discourses of genetics, particularly as they relate to notions of risk. It explores Qataris negotiations of global interactions and influences, including the discourses around genetic risk and cousin marriage. It suggests that family marriage can be seen as one of the main platforms of resistance and a means for modern, cosmopolitan and tradition to be negotiated...
July 21, 2017: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721961/determinants-of-child-sex-ratio-in-west-and-south-districts-of-tripura-india
#4
Himadri Bhattacharjya, Subrata Baidya
BACKGROUND: Indian census 2011 has detected declined child sex ratio in the West and South districts of Tripura State. OBJECTIVES: To find out the sex ratio at birth and to identify the factors affecting child sex ratio in west and south districts of Tripura. METHODS: This community-based cross-sectional study combined with a qualitative component was conducted among 3438 couples chosen by multistage sampling. Quantitative data were collected by a structured interview schedule...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721064/lived-experiences-of-iranian-parents-of-beta-thalassemia-children
#5
Aziz Shahraki-Vahed, Mohammadreza Firouzkouhi, Abdolghani Abdollahimohammad, Jamile Ghalgaie
INTRODUCTION: Thalassemia is a chronic blood disease, which imposes adverse effects on patients and their families. Parents of such patients, given that they had the thalassemia trait, hold themselves responsible for their children's disease in addition to other difficulties, bear the burden of guilt and hopelessness and worry about the health and future of their children. This study aimed to explore the lived experiences of parents of children with thalassemia. METHODS: The present research was conducted using a descriptive phenomenological approach...
2017: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716867/syndromic-congenital-diarrhoea-new-spint2-mutation-identified-in-the-uae
#6
Solange Bou Chaaya, Julian D Eason, Bibian N Ofoegbu
We are reporting a new mutation in the SPINT2 gene (c.443G>A (p. Arg148His)) that explains the association of choanal atresia with congenital sodium diarrhoea (CSD) in an Emirati family in the Middle East. To our knowledge, this mutation is neither listed in a mutation database nor described in the literature. Similar to other patients with CSD associated with SPINT2, this child remains dependent on parenteral nutrition for fluids and nutritional support resulting in failure to thrive. The determination of the molecular basis of syndromic CSD will facilitate prenatal and postnatal diagnosis of patients and will contribute to counselling of affected families, especially in areas like the UAE where consanguineous marriages are not uncommon...
July 16, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705350/trajectories-of-relationship-supportiveness-after-childbirth-does-marriage-matter
#7
Marcia J Carlson, Alicia G VanOrman
Relationship quality for married couples typically declines after the birth of a (first) child, as parenthood brings new identities, stresses, and responsibilities for mothers and fathers. Yet, it is less clear whether nonmarital relationship quality follows a similar trajectory, particularly given the greater selectivity of nonmarital relationships that persist over time. This paper uses data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (N = 3,459) with latent growth curve models to examine relationship quality (measured by mothers' perceived supportiveness about fathers) for married and unmarried couples over nine years after a child's birth...
August 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705149/f-treegc-a-questionnaire-based-family-tree-creation-software-for-genetic-counseling-and-genome-cohort-studies
#8
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Tomoharu Tokutomi, Akimune Fukushima, Kayono Yamamoto, Yasushi Bansho, Tsuyoshi Hachiya, Atsushi Shimizu
BACKGROUND: The Tohoku Medical Megabank project aims to create a next-generation personalized healthcare system by conducting large-scale genome-cohort studies involving three generations of local residents in the areas affected by the Great East Japan Earthquake. We collected medical and genomic information for developing a biobank to be used for this healthcare system. We designed a questionnaire-based pedigree-creation software program named "f-treeGC," which enables even less experienced medical practitioners to accurately and rapidly collect family health history and create pedigree charts...
July 14, 2017: BMC Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693400/formulating-autism-systemically-part-2-a-12-year-prospective-case-study
#9
Nicky Brewerton, Katrina Robson, Patricia M Crittenden
This prospective case study illustrates the ideas on the developmental origins of some cases of autism that were described in Part 1 of this article. We explored and found support for several systemic hypotheses regarding the experience of 'Graeme' and his mother. Graeme's story is told prospectively from the age of 3 until 15. Three independent sources of information are reported: hypotheses from the literature and case review in Part 1 of this article, the school's experience, and observations from the assessments of attachment when Graeme was turning 6...
July 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681168/postmarital-living-arrangements-in-historically-patrilocal-settings-integrating-household-fission-and-migration-perspectives
#10
Jessica Pearlman, Lisa D Pearce, Dirgha J Ghimire, Prem Bhandari, Taylor Hargrove
This study integrates theory and research on household fission (or partition) and migration to better understand living arrangements following marriage, especially in historically patrilocal and primarily agricultural settings. Using panel data from the Chitwan Valley Family Study to analyze the sequential decision-making process that influences men's living arrangements subsequent to first marriage, we demonstrate the importance of distinguishing among extended family living, temporary migration, and the establishment of an independent household...
July 5, 2017: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681166/does-it-matter-what-she-wants-the-role-of-individual-preferences-against-unmarried-motherhood-in-young-women-s-likelihood-of-a-nonmarital-first-birth
#11
Rachel M Shattuck
Most young people in the United States express the desire to marry. Norms at all socioeconomic levels posit marriage as the optimal context for childbearing. At the same time, nonmarital fertility accounts for approximately 40 % of U.S. births, experienced disproportionately by women with educational attainment less than a bachelor's degree. Research has shown that women's intentions for the number and timing of children and couples' intent to marry are strong predictors of realized fertility and marriage...
July 5, 2017: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677912/analysis-of-kera-in-four-families-with-cornea-plana-identifies-two-novel-mutations
#12
Lubica Dudakova, Jang Hee J Vercruyssen, Irina Balikova, Lavina Postolache, Bart P Leroy, Pavlina Skalicka, Petra Liskova
PURPOSE: To identify the molecular genetic cause in four families of various ethnic backgrounds with cornea plana. METHODS: Detailed ophthalmological examination and direct sequencing of the KERA coding region in five patients of Czech and Turkish origin and their available family members. RESULTS: Compound heterozygosity for a novel missense mutation c.209C>T; p.(Pro70Leu) and a novel splice site mutation c.887-1G>A in KERA were detected in two affected siblings of Czech origin...
July 5, 2017: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665068/comparison-of-the-birth-statistics-between-multi-cultural-and-korean-families-in-korea-2015
#13
Sung Hoon Chung, Chong Woo Bae
Since 2002, the number of marriages, births, and family members among multi-cultural families (MCFs) has increased. Beginning in 2006, the government initiated a planned management for such families and has implemented the MCF policy basic plan since 2010. In 2015, with multiple socio-economic and medical support initiatives for MCF being available, we analyzed the statistics for several factors related to birth, to determine whether there are significant adverse birth outcomes in MCF. We analyzed the birth data of MCFs in 2015, from Statistics Korea...
August 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661771/a-twin-study-on-perceived-stress-depressive-symptoms-and-marriage
#14
Christopher R Beam, Diana Dinescu, Robert Emery, Eric Turkheimer
Marriage is associated with reductions in both perceived stress and depressive symptoms, two constructs found to be influenced by common genetic effects. A study of sibling twins was used to test whether marriage decreases the proportion of variance in depressive symptoms accounted for by genetic and environmental effects underlying perceived stress. The sample consisted of 1,612 male and female twin pairs from the University of Washington Twin Registry. The stress-buffering role of marriage was tested relative to two unmarried groups: the never married and the divorced...
March 2017: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649142/how-early-life-religious-exposure-relates-to-the-timing-of-first-birth
#15
Lisa D Pearce, Shannon N Davis
This paper examines intermediary processes explaining how religious socialization and involvement early in life are related to the timing of first births for women in the United States. The theory of conjunctural action forms the basis for hypotheses for how religious schema and materials operate to influence birth timing. Using the NLSY79 data and event history methods, the study finds evidence for expected family size, work-family gender ideology, educational attainment and enrollment, cohabitation, and age at marriage as mediators of associations between early life religious exposure (affiliation and attendance) and the timing of nonmaritally and maritally conceived first births...
October 2016: Journal of Marriage and the Family
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637290/a-bright-side-to-the-work-family-interface-husbands-support-as-a-resource-in-double-and-triple-duty-caregiving-wives-work-lives
#16
Nicole DePasquale, Courtney A Polenick, Kelly D Davis, Lisa F Berkman, Thomas D Cabot
Purpose of the Study: This study examined how women who combine long-term care employment with unpaid, informal caregiving roles for children (double-duty-child caregivers), older adults (double-duty-elder caregivers), and both children and older adults (triple-duty caregivers) differed from their workplace-only caregiving counterparts on workplace factors related to job retention (i.e., job satisfaction and turnover intentions) and performance (i.e., perceived obligation to work while sick and emotional exhaustion)...
June 16, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635409/confronting-infertility-in-iranian-clients-a-grounded-theory
#17
Mitra Zandi, Eesa Mohammadi, Zohreh Vanaki, Marziyeh Shiva, Narges Bagheri Lankarani, Faezeh Zarei
The present study examined how infertile Iranian clients confront infertility. Research on infertility has confirmed the significance of a socio-cultural context in the formation of responses to infertility. This study used the grounded theory approach to explore the experiences of infertile individuals presenting at the Royan Institute in Iran from October 2013 to September 2014. Clients with infertility of at least two years in duration were recruited using purposive sampling followed by theoretical sampling...
February 10, 2017: Human Fertility: Journal of the British Fertility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635337/population-based-genetic-study-of-%C3%AE-thalassemia-mutations-in-mardan-division-khyber-pakhtunkhwa-province-pakistan
#18
Raj Muhammad, Muhammad Shakeel, Shoaib U Rehman, Muhammad A Lodhi
β-Thalassemia (β-thal) is the most prevalent hereditary blood disorder in Pakistan with a carrier rate of 5.0-8.0%. The homozygous affected children require frequent blood transfusions for their survival. This autosomal recessive disease can only be prevented through awareness programs, carrier screening, mutation detection, genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis (PND). The present study aimed to determine the prevalence of various mutations causing β-thal and also to detect carriers of these mutations in families living in the Mardan Division, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) Province, Pakistan...
March 2017: Hemoglobin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634657/longitudinal-perceptions-of-the-side-effects-of-chemotherapy-in-patients-with-gynecological-cancer
#19
Hui-Chun Hsu, Su-Yu Tsai, Shang-Liang Wu, Shiow-Roug Jeang, Mei-Yao Ho, Wen-Shiung Liou, An-Jen Chiang, Tsung-Hsien Chang
PURPOSE: This study aimed to assess the incidence and difference of side effects among six courses of chemotherapy (C/T) in gynecological cancer patients. METHODS: The study period was from Sep. 2010 to Dec. 2011 at the Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital in Taiwan. The treating protocols, courses, and drugs of C/T in patient were considered according to the different malignant cancers and clinical conditions. The patient data of age, marriage status, education, religion, and experiences of C/T were collected...
June 21, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629455/an-investigation-of-the-relationship-between-autonomy-childbirth-practices-and-obstetric-fistula-among-women-in-rural-lilongwe-district-malawi
#20
Julika Ayla Kaplan, Jonathan Kandodo, Joseph Sclafani, Susan Raine, Jennifer Blumenthal-Barby, Alison Norris, Abigail Norris-Turner, Elly Chemey, John Michael Beckham, Zara Khan, Reginald Chunda
BACKGROUND: Obstetric fistula is a childbirth injury caused by prolonged obstructed labor that results in destruction of the tissue wall between the vagina and bladder. Although obstetric fistula is directly caused by prolonged obstructed labor, many other factors indirectly increase fistula risk. Some research suggests that many women in rural Malawi have limited autonomy and decision-making power in their households. We hypothesize that women's limited autonomy may play a role in reinforcing childbirth practices that increase the risk of obstetric fistula in this setting by hindering access to emergency care and further prolonging obstructed labor...
June 19, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
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