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Mental health nigeria

O Gureje, S Seedat, L Kola, J Appiah-Poku, C Othieno, B Harris, V Makanjuola, L N Price, O O Ayinde, O Esan
AimsIn low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) in general and sub-Sahara African (SSA) countries in particular, there is both a large treatment gap for mental disorders and a relative paucity of empirical evidence about how to fill this gap. This is more so for severe mental disorders, such as psychosis, which impose an additional vulnerability for human rights abuse on its sufferers. A major factor for the lack of evidence is the few numbers of active mental health (MH) researchers on the continent and the distance between the little evidence generated and the policy-making process...
November 27, 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
Olatunde O Ayinde, Bibilola D Oladeji, Jibril Abdulmalik, Keely Jordan, Lola Kola, Oye Gureje
BACKGROUND: Even though integrating mental health into maternal and child health (MCH) is widely accepted as a means of closing the treatment gap for maternal mental health conditions in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC), there are not many studies on the quality of the currently available mental health care for mothers in these countries. This study assessed the existing organization of service for maternal mental health, the actual care delivered for perinatal depression, as well as the quality of the care received by affected women presenting to primary care clinics in Ibadan, Nigeria...
November 22, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Oluyomi Esan, John Appiah-Poku, Caleb Othieno, Lola Kola, Benjamin Harris, Gareth Nortje, Victor Makanjuola, Bibilola Oladeji, LeShawndra Price, Soraya Seedat, Oye Gureje
BACKGROUND: Traditional and faith healers constitute an important group of complementary and alternative mental health service providers (CAPs) in sub-Sahara Africa. Governments in the region commonly express a desire to integrate them into the public health system. The aim of the study was to describe the profile, practices and distribution of traditional and faith healers in three sub-Saharan African countries in great need for major improvements in their mental health systems namely Ghana, Kenya and Nigeria...
November 19, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Aliyu Lawan, Adedapo W Awotidebe, Adewale L Oyeyemi, Adamu A Rufa'i, Adetoyeje Y Oyeyemi
The study aimed to investigate the association between health-related quality of life (HQoL) and physical activity (PA) among pregnant women. Sample of pregnant women (N= 398; mean age=27.86┬▒5.15 years) were surveyed using the Pregnancy Physical Activity and Health Related Quality of Life (SF 12) Questionnaires. Spearman correlation coefficient and logistic regression analyses were used to determine the bivariate relationship and association between HQoL and PA intensities and domain respectively. Overall, sedentary behaviour was positively albeit tenuously related to HQoL (r=0...
September 2018: African Journal of Reproductive Health
Oyetomiwa O Famodu, Ayodeji Matthew Adebayo, Bosede Ehelamioke Adebayo
Background Child labor (CL) is on the increase in developing countries with its adverse consequences. Many studies have related CL to physical and social well-being and not mental health (MH). This study was designed to assess the experience of CL and mental health status (MHS) among in-school adolescents and determine the association between them, if any, in a metropolitan area of Lagos state, Nigeria. Methods A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in eight private and four public secondary schools using a two-stage cluster sampling method...
October 24, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Tolulope Soyannwo, Ayodeji Matthew Adebayo, Oluwakemi Sigbeku
BACKGROUND: Mental health is a component of reproductive health which is generally not given priority in low and middle income countries. Efforts to improve women's health have focused majorly on issues associated with reproduction such as family planning and child-bearing while women's mental health has been relatively neglected. AIM: This study was conducted to determine prevalence and factors influencing mental health problems in non-pregnant reproductive age women in a rural community of south west Nigeria...
October 25, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
Toyin S Olowogbon, Aaron M Yoder, Segun B Fakayode, Abraham O Falola
BACKGROUND: Many studies have focused on agricultural-related health hazards globally; however, little is known about agricultural stressors among crop farmers in the developing countries. This study identified agricultural stressors, their causes and ascribed effects among crop farmers in Nigeria. METHODS: There were 70 crop farmers randomly selected in farming communities across Ekiti State, an agrarian State in South-Western, Nigeria. A structured questionnaire with interview was used for data collection...
October 22, 2018: Journal of Agromedicine
Abiodun O Adewuya, Tomilola Adewumi, Olufisayo Momodu, Olushola Olibamoyo, Olabanji Adesoji, Adedayo Adegbokun, Suraju Adeyemo, Olufikunayo Manuwa, Dapo Adegbaju
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to develop and test the feasibility of a primary care worker-led psychological intervention as the main feature of a collaborative stepped care for depression that is effective, affordable, culturally acceptable, tailored to patients' clinical condition and easily integrate-able into the primary care schedule in Nigeria. METHODS: Using the Medical Research Council framework, in the first stage (modelling/theoretical development), experts reviewed and distilled evidence from literature to form the intervention components...
October 17, 2018: Psychological Medicine
Johnson Nwabueze Okoro, Chinenye Nnenna Ezeonwuka, Justus Uchenna Onu
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to assess the level of psychological distress of offenders newly brought into prison custody in a Nigerian prison and investigate the relationship with socio-demographic and penal characteristics. Design/methodology/approach A cross-sectional study involving 236 new prison entrants who were assessed for psychological distress using the 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). Findings A total of 267 prison inmates were newly brought to prison custody over a three-month period...
September 10, 2018: International Journal of Prisoner Health
Osunwale D Oni, Andrew T Olagunju, Victor O Olisah, Olatunji F Aina, Francis I Ojini
Objectives: To investigate the prevalence of post-stroke depression (PSD), its associated factors and impact on quality of life (QoL) among outpatients in a Nigerian hospital. Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out among 140 adults made up of 70 stroke survivors and matched controls with stable hypertension. Participants were administered questionnaires to profile their socio-demographic and clinical characteristics. Subsequently, they were assessed with the modified mini-mental state examination (MMSE), modified Rankin Scale (mRS), schedule for clinical assessment in neuropsychiatry (SCAN) and World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF (WHOQoL-BREF)...
2018: South African Journal of Psychiatry: SAJP: the Journal of the Society of Psychiatrists of South Africa
C U Okeafor, F E Alamina
Background: Psychosocial hazards pose a great threat to the mental health of health care workers. There is a dearth of research on this type of hazard in hospital settings in Nigeria. Objective: This study aimed to assess the psychosocial hazards and the corresponding risks among health care workers in a tertiary health facility in Rivers State. Methods: A cross sectional study was carried out in the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, Rivers State, Nigeria using qualitative method...
June 2018: Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine
Deborah Oyine Aluh, Obinna Felix Dim, Chigozie Gloria Anene-Okeke
INTRODUCTION: Teachers are frontline professionals who have daily contact with children and are therefore most likely to have the biggest impact on their students. Findings in this study should inform the development of teacher training programs, and more broadly, assist in the success of a strategic plan addressing mental health in classrooms. This study aims to assess mental health literacy among teachers with focus on their knowledge of depression. METHODS: The study was a cross-sectional descriptive survey conducted among teachers in five secondary schools (high school) in southeast Nigeria...
September 3, 2018: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
Bolatito Opeyemi Olopade, Clement Oluwaseun Idowu, Adesola Olaniyan Oyelese, Aaron Oladipo Aboderin
Background: Intestinal parasites are a cause of morbidity and mortality throughout the world particularly in developing countries and they are common health problems of children. This study determined the prevalence of intestinal parasites among primary school children, assessed risk factors predisposing to infection and the nutritional status with cognitive function of the pupils. Materials and Methods: It was a cross sectional study and 384 pupils from six public primary schools in Ile-Ife were enrolled...
2018: African Journal of Infectious Diseases
Faith Owunari Benebo, Barbara Schumann, Masoud Vaezghasemi
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) against women has been recognised as a public health problem with far-reaching consequences for the physical, reproductive, and mental health of women. The ecological framework portrays intimate partner violence as a multifaceted phenomenon, demonstrating the interplay of factors at different levels: individual, community, and the larger society. The present study examined the effect of individual- and community-level factors on IPV in Nigeria, with a focus on women's status and community-level norms among men...
August 9, 2018: BMC Women's Health
Olatunde O Ayinde, Olurotimi A Adejumo, O Olukolade, Victor O Lasebikan
Government policies on commercial motorcycle crash prevention are often not driven by data in terms of mental health risks. In this cross-sectional study, data was obtained from 508 commercial motorcyclists (CMs) in Ibadan, Nigeria on psychological distress, personality, suicidality, impulsivity, substance use and Intelligence Quotient, to determine the mental health correlates of road crash involvement. One-month and 12-month accident rates were 7.9 and 28.9% respectively. One-month crash involvement was independently associated with helmet non-use (OR 2...
August 2, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
Ikenna D Ebuenyi, Uzoechi E Chikezie, Gerald O Dariah
Child sexual abuse (CSA) is common globally but underreported. It has far-reaching physical, social, and mental health effects and often the victims suffer in silence because of the shame and stigma associated with the experience. Despite international and country specific legislation to protect children and punish offenders, CSA thrives and sometimes leads to the death of victims. We report two cases of children aged 7 and 8 who presented at Niger Delta University Teaching Hospital Bayelsa, Nigeria. In both cases, the offender was known to the victim's parents who did not only refuse to report the cases to law enforcement agents but also discontinued medical follow-up for the children...
June 2018: African Journal of Reproductive Health
Jibril Abdulmalik, Emeka Nwefoh, James Obindo, Samuel Dakwak, Motunrayo Ayobola, John Umaru, Elisha Samuel, Christopher Ogoshi, Julian Eaton
Lymphatic filariasis (LF) is a chronic and often disfiguring condition that predominantly affects the rural poor and leads to social exclusion, stigma, and discrimination. Little is currently known about the emotional difficulties and stigma experiences among persons living with LF in Nigeria. Our study evaluated the emotional difficulties and stigma experienced by persons with LF in Plateau State, Nigeria. We utilized a combination of qualitative data instruments comprising focus group discussions, McGill's Illness Narrative Interviews, and key informant interviews...
June 2018: Health and Human Rights
Cristina Rodriguez-Hart, Cory Bradley, Danielle German, Rashelle Musci, Ifeanyi Orazulike, Stefan Baral, Hongjie Liu, Trevor A Crowell, Man Charurat, Rebecca G Nowak
Although sexual stigma has been linked to decreased HIV testing among men who have sex with men (MSM), mechanisms for this association are unclear. We evaluated the role of psychosocial well-being in connecting sexual stigma and HIV testing using an explanatory sequential mixed methods analysis of 25 qualitative and 1480 quantitative interviews with MSM enrolled in a prospective cohort study in Nigeria from March/2013-February/2016. Utilizing structural equation modeling, we found a synergistic negative association between sexual stigma and suicidal ideation on HIV testing...
December 2018: AIDS and Behavior
A O Ogunlesi, A Ogunwale
Nigeria has poorly structured services for correctional mental health driven by a mix of socioeconomic and legal factors. The archaic asylum systems established in the early part of the 20th century under the Lunacy ordinance of 1916 are no longer fit for purpose. The present strategy is to provide mental healthcare for mentally abnormal offenders within some prisons in the country. The current models for this are poorly staffed and underfunded. Adoption of task-shifting approaches based on evidence-based strategies within the context of professional innovation, government commitment and international collaboration should help to develop and sustain the needed correctional psychiatry services...
May 2018: BJPsych International
Pamela Scorza, Katherine Masyn, Joshua A Salomon, Theresa S Betancourt
BACKGROUND: Depression is currently the second largest contributor to non-fatal disease burden globally. For that reason, economic evaluations are increasingly being conducted using data from depression prevalence estimates to analyze return on investments for services that target mental health. Psychiatric epidemiology studies have reported large cross-national differences in the prevalence of depression. These differences may impact the cost-effectiveness assessments of mental health interventions, thereby affecting decisions regarding government and multi-lateral investment in mental health services...
2018: PloS One
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