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Mental health nigeria

Abiodun O Adewuya, Tomilola Adewumi, Olufisayo Momodu, Olushola Olibamoyo, Olabanji Adesoji, Adedayo Adegbokun, Suraju Adeyemo, Olufikunayo Manuwa, Dapo Adegbaju
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to develop and test the feasibility of a primary care worker-led psychological intervention as the main feature of a collaborative stepped care for depression that is effective, affordable, culturally acceptable, tailored to patients' clinical condition and easily integrate-able into the primary care schedule in Nigeria. METHODS: Using the Medical Research Council framework, in the first stage (modelling/theoretical development), experts reviewed and distilled evidence from literature to form the intervention components...
October 17, 2018: Psychological Medicine
Johnson Nwabueze Okoro, Chinenye Nnenna Ezeonwuka, Justus Uchenna Onu
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to assess the level of psychological distress of offenders newly brought into prison custody in a Nigerian prison and investigate the relationship with socio-demographic and penal characteristics. Design/methodology/approach A cross-sectional study involving 236 new prison entrants who were assessed for psychological distress using the 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). Findings A total of 267 prison inmates were newly brought to prison custody over a three-month period...
September 10, 2018: International Journal of Prisoner Health
Osunwale D Oni, Andrew T Olagunju, Victor O Olisah, Olatunji F Aina, Francis I Ojini
Objectives: To investigate the prevalence of post-stroke depression (PSD), its associated factors and impact on quality of life (QoL) among outpatients in a Nigerian hospital. Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out among 140 adults made up of 70 stroke survivors and matched controls with stable hypertension. Participants were administered questionnaires to profile their socio-demographic and clinical characteristics. Subsequently, they were assessed with the modified mini-mental state examination (MMSE), modified Rankin Scale (mRS), schedule for clinical assessment in neuropsychiatry (SCAN) and World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF (WHOQoL-BREF)...
2018: South African Journal of Psychiatry: SAJP: the Journal of the Society of Psychiatrists of South Africa
C U Okeafor, F E Alamina
Background: Psychosocial hazards pose a great threat to the mental health of health care workers. There is a dearth of research on this type of hazard in hospital settings in Nigeria. Objective: This study aimed to assess the psychosocial hazards and the corresponding risks among health care workers in a tertiary health facility in Rivers State. Methods: A cross sectional study was carried out in the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, Rivers State, Nigeria using qualitative method...
June 2018: Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine
Deborah Oyine Aluh, Obinna Felix Dim, Chigozie Gloria Anene-Okeke
INTRODUCTION: Teachers are frontline professionals who have daily contact with children and are therefore most likely to have the biggest impact on their students. Findings in this study should inform the development of teacher training programs, and more broadly, assist in the success of a strategic plan addressing mental health in classrooms. This study aims to assess mental health literacy among teachers with focus on their knowledge of depression. METHODS: The study was a cross-sectional descriptive survey conducted among teachers in five secondary schools (high school) in southeast Nigeria...
September 3, 2018: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
Bolatito Opeyemi Olopade, Clement Oluwaseun Idowu, Adesola Olaniyan Oyelese, Aaron Oladipo Aboderin
Background: Intestinal parasites are a cause of morbidity and mortality throughout the world particularly in developing countries and they are common health problems of children. This study determined the prevalence of intestinal parasites among primary school children, assessed risk factors predisposing to infection and the nutritional status with cognitive function of the pupils. Materials and Methods: It was a cross sectional study and 384 pupils from six public primary schools in Ile-Ife were enrolled...
2018: African Journal of Infectious Diseases
Faith Owunari Benebo, Barbara Schumann, Masoud Vaezghasemi
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) against women has been recognised as a public health problem with far-reaching consequences for the physical, reproductive, and mental health of women. The ecological framework portrays intimate partner violence as a multifaceted phenomenon, demonstrating the interplay of factors at different levels: individual, community, and the larger society. The present study examined the effect of individual- and community-level factors on IPV in Nigeria, with a focus on women's status and community-level norms among men...
August 9, 2018: BMC Women's Health
Olatunde O Ayinde, Olurotimi A Adejumo, O Olukolade, Victor O Lasebikan
Government policies on commercial motorcycle crash prevention are often not driven by data in terms of mental health risks. In this cross-sectional study, data was obtained from 508 commercial motorcyclists (CMs) in Ibadan, Nigeria on psychological distress, personality, suicidality, impulsivity, substance use and Intelligence Quotient, to determine the mental health correlates of road crash involvement. One-month and 12-month accident rates were 7.9 and 28.9% respectively. One-month crash involvement was independently associated with helmet non-use (OR 2...
August 2, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
Ikenna D Ebuenyi, Uzoechi E Chikezie, Gerald O Dariah
Child sexual abuse (CSA) is common globally but underreported. It has far-reaching physical, social, and mental health effects and often the victims suffer in silence because of the shame and stigma associated with the experience. Despite international and country specific legislation to protect children and punish offenders, CSA thrives and sometimes leads to the death of victims. We report two cases of children aged 7 and 8 who presented at Niger Delta University Teaching Hospital Bayelsa, Nigeria. In both cases, the offender was known to the victim's parents who did not only refuse to report the cases to law enforcement agents but also discontinued medical follow-up for the children...
June 2018: African Journal of Reproductive Health
Jibril Abdulmalik, Emeka Nwefoh, James Obindo, Samuel Dakwak, Motunrayo Ayobola, John Umaru, Elisha Samuel, Christopher Ogoshi, Julian Eaton
Lymphatic filariasis (LF) is a chronic and often disfiguring condition that predominantly affects the rural poor and leads to social exclusion, stigma, and discrimination. Little is currently known about the emotional difficulties and stigma experiences among persons living with LF in Nigeria. Our study evaluated the emotional difficulties and stigma experienced by persons with LF in Plateau State, Nigeria. We utilized a combination of qualitative data instruments comprising focus group discussions, McGill's Illness Narrative Interviews, and key informant interviews...
June 2018: Health and Human Rights
Cristina Rodriguez-Hart, Cory Bradley, Danielle German, Rashelle Musci, Ifeanyi Orazulike, Stefan Baral, Hongjie Liu, Trevor A Crowell, Man Charurat, Rebecca G Nowak
Although sexual stigma has been linked to decreased HIV testing among men who have sex with men (MSM), mechanisms for this association are unclear. We evaluated the role of psychosocial well-being in connecting sexual stigma and HIV testing using an explanatory sequential mixed methods analysis of 25 qualitative and 1480 quantitative interviews with MSM enrolled in a prospective cohort study in Nigeria from March/2013-February/2016. Utilizing structural equation modeling, we found a synergistic negative association between sexual stigma and suicidal ideation on HIV testing...
June 28, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
A O Ogunlesi, A Ogunwale
Nigeria has poorly structured services for correctional mental health driven by a mix of socioeconomic and legal factors. The archaic asylum systems established in the early part of the 20th century under the Lunacy ordinance of 1916 are no longer fit for purpose. The present strategy is to provide mental healthcare for mentally abnormal offenders within some prisons in the country. The current models for this are poorly staffed and underfunded. Adoption of task-shifting approaches based on evidence-based strategies within the context of professional innovation, government commitment and international collaboration should help to develop and sustain the needed correctional psychiatry services...
May 2018: BJPsych International
Pamela Scorza, Katherine Masyn, Joshua A Salomon, Theresa S Betancourt
BACKGROUND: Depression is currently the second largest contributor to non-fatal disease burden globally. For that reason, economic evaluations are increasingly being conducted using data from depression prevalence estimates to analyze return on investments for services that target mental health. Psychiatric epidemiology studies have reported large cross-national differences in the prevalence of depression. These differences may impact the cost-effectiveness assessments of mental health interventions, thereby affecting decisions regarding government and multi-lateral investment in mental health services...
2018: PloS One
Adetunji Obadeji, Lateef O Oluwole, Mobolaji U Dada, Michael A Oshatimi
Background: The degree of alcohol use influences one's mental health and psychological wellbeing. Psychological well-being of health workers, however, is crucial to the quality of care their patients receive. Aims: The aim of this study was to determine the pattern of alcohol use and factors associated with psychological well-being of health care workers at a University Teaching Hospital. Methods: This was a cross sectional survey of health workers in the medical and surgical specialties at the State University Teaching Hospital in Nigeria...
March 2018: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
Oyeyemi Olajumoke Oyelade, Emmanuel Olufemi Ayandiran
Patient violence in mental health care settings is daunting and stressful, as well as increasingly burdensome for professionals in low/middle income countries, specifically Africa. Patient violence has contributed to increased work hazards for health care professionals and may lead to patients being sedated or restrained, potentially resulting in injury to either the patient or provider. The current study assessed Nigerian psychiatric-mental health nurses' current practices of violence management in a hospital in Southwest Nigeria...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
Tolulope Opakunle, Olutayo Aloba, Adesanmi Akinsulore, Olubukola Opakunle, Femi Fatoye
Objective: This study attempted to explore the feasibility of use of the 18-item Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory-Revised (OCI-R) as a subjective suicide risk assessment tool in a cross-sectional sample of Nigerian patients with schizophrenia. Materials and Methods: Two hundred and thirty-two outpatients with schizophrenia were recruited from the mental health clinic of a university teaching hospital in Southwestern Nigeria. They completed the OCI-R in addition to the Social and Occupational Functioning Assessment Scale, the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale, and a sociodemographic and illness-related questionnaire...
April 2018: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
Julian Eaton, Oye Gureje, Mary De Silva, Taiwo Lateef Sheikh, Ekpe Esien Ekpe, Mohammed Abdulaziz, Asiya Muhammad, Yusuf Akande, Uchechi Onukogu, Theo Onyuku, Jibril Abdulmalik, Woye Fadahunsi, Emeka Nwefoh, Alex Cohen
Background: The treatment gap for mental illness in Nigeria, as in other sub-Saharan countries, is estimated to be around 85%. There is need to prioritise mental health care in low and middle income countries by providing a strong body of evidence for effective services, particularly with a view to increasing international and government confidence in investment in scaling up appropriate services. This paper lays out the processes by which a programme to integrate evidence-based mental health care into primary care services in Nigeria was designed, including a research framework to provide evidence from a robust evaluation...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
Abiodun O Adewuya, Olurotimi A Coker, Olayinka Atilola, Bolanle A Ola, Mathew P Zachariah, Tomilola Adewumi, Olufemi Olugbile, Adedolapo Fasawe, Olajide Idris
It is still unclear whether the gender difference in the rate of depression cuts across cultures or is specific to some depressive symptoms. This study evaluated the gender difference in current prevalence, symptoms, comorbidity, and correlates of depression in Lagos, Nigeria. A total of 11,246 adult participants (6525 females and 4712 males) in a face-to-face household survey were assessed for symptoms of depression. They were also assessed for symptoms of anxiety, somatic symptoms, alcohol and substance use disorders, and disability...
March 28, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Deborah O Aluh, Obinna C Anyachebelu, Chibueze Anosike, Ezinne L Anizoba
Background: Depression is a leading cause of disability and has been projected to become the 2nd most burdensome disease by the year 2020; depression has also been found to be the strongest single risk factor for attempted or completed suicides. Adolescent-onset mood disorders are frequently unrecognized or misdiagnosed and often go untreated. While there is a growing literature on the mental health literacy of adults, there has not been a parallel interest in the mental health literacy of young people in Nigeria...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
Olumide Abiodun, Ismail Lawal, Christopher Omokanye
HIV is now regarded as a chronic disease because of the availability of treatment. However, it is not well known if there are differences (clinically and in magnitude) between the mental health status of PLHIV and people living with other chronic diseases. The aim of this study was to compare the mental health status of patients attending antiretroviral clinics to patients attending diabetes clinics at tertiary hospitals in Ogun State, Nigeria. A comparative hospital-based cross-sectional study of mental distress among 639 HIV-positive and 639 diabetic patients was carried out...
August 2018: AIDS Care
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