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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110496/heterogenic-response-of-prokaryotes-toward-silver-nanoparticles-and-ions-is-facilitated-by-phenotypes-and-attachment-of-silver-aggregates-to-cell-surfaces
#1
Yuting Guo, Hans J Stärk, Gerd Hause, Matthias Schmidt, Hauke Harms, Lukas Y Wick, Susann Müller
Tons of anthropogenic silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) are assumed to be released into the environment due to their use in many consumer products. AgNPs are known to be toxic toward microorganisms and thus may harm their specific functions in ecosystems. Here we explore the impact of AgNPs on functioning of single cells in microbial populations at doses typically found in anthropogenic environments. The response of single cells to AgNPs was analyzed by flow cytometry and using the fluorescent dyes propidium iodide and DiBAC4 (3) as markers for cell membrane disintegration and depolarization, respectively...
January 22, 2017: Cytometry. Part A: the Journal of the International Society for Analytical Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110454/tackling-the-salinity-pollution-nexus-in-coastal-aquifers-from-arid-regions-using-nitrate-and-boron-isotopes
#2
V Re, E Sacchi
Salinization and nitrate pollution are generally ascertained as the main issues affecting coastal aquifers worldwide. In arid zones, where agricultural activities also result in soil salinization, both phenomena tend to co-exist and synergically contribute to alter groundwater quality, with severe negative impacts on human populations and natural ecosystems' wellbeing. It becomes therefore necessary to understand if and to what extent integrated hydrogeochemical tools can help in distinguishing among possible different salinization and nitrate contamination origins, in order to provide adequate science-based support to local development and environmental protection...
January 22, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110446/fabrication-and-optical-properties-of-strain-free-self-assembled-mesoscopic-gaas-structures
#3
Saimon Filipe Covre da Silva, Thayná Mardegan, Sidnei Ramis de Araújo, Carlos Alberto Ospina Ramirez, Suwit Kiravittaya, Odilon D D Couto, Fernando Iikawa, Christoph Deneke
We use a combined process of Ga-assisted deoxidation and local droplet etching to fabricate unstrained mesoscopic GaAs/AlGaAs structures exhibiting a high shape anisotropy with a length up to 1.2 μm and a width of 150 nm. We demonstrate good controllability over size and morphology of the mesoscopic structures by tuning the growth parameters. Our growth method yields structures, which are coupled to a surrounding quantum well and present unique optical emission features. Microscopic and optical analysis of single structures allows us to demonstrate that single structure emission originates from two different confinement regions, which are spectrally separated and show sharp excitonic lines...
December 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110252/development-of-a-multiphysics-model-to-characterize-the-responsive-behavior-of-urea-sensitive-hydrogel-as-biosensor
#4
K B Goh, Hua Li, K Y Lam
A remarkable feature of biomaterials is their ability to deform in response to certain external bio-stimuli. Here, a novel biochemo-electro-mechanical model is developed for the numerical characterization of the urea-sensitive hydrogel in response to the external stimulus of urea. The urea sensitivity of the hydrogel is usually characterized by the states of ionization and denaturation of the immobilized urease, as such the model includes the effect of the fixed charge groups and temperature coupled with pH on the activity of the urease...
January 12, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110146/enhanced-arm-swing-alters-interlimb-coordination-during-overground-walking-in-individuals-with-traumatic-brain-injury
#5
Ksenia I Ustinova, Joseph E Langenderfer, Nilanthy Balendra
The current study investigated interlimb coordination in individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI) during overground walking. The study involved 10 participants with coordination, balance, and gait abnormalities post-TBI, as well as 10 sex- and age-matched healthy control individuals. Participants walked 12m under two experimental conditions: 1) at self-selected comfortable walking speeds; and 2) with instructions to increase the amplitude and out-of-phase coordination of arm swinging. The gait was assessed with a set of spatiotemporal and kinematic parameters including the gait velocity, step length and width, double support time, lateral displacement of the center of mass, the amplitude of horizontal trunk rotation, and angular motions at shoulder and hip joints in sagittal plane...
January 19, 2017: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110081/isolation-and-partial-characterization-of-an-immunogenic-antigen-of-giardia-lamblia
#6
Jael Quintero, Alejandra Valdez, Brenda Samaniego, Gloria Lopez-Romero, Humberto Astiazaran-Garcia, Lucila Rascon, Linda Breci, Adriana Garibay-Escobar, Ramón Robles-Zepeda, Carlos Velazquez
Humoral and cellular immune responses play an important role during Giardia lamblia infection. Several Giardia proteins have been identified as immunogenic antigens based on their elicited humoral immune response. Poorly is known about Giardia antigens that stimulate a cellular immune response. The main purpose of this study was to isolate and partial characterize an immunogenic antigen (5G8) of G. lamblia. The 5G8 protein was isolated from G. lamblia trophozoite lysates by affinity chromatography using moAb 5G8-coupled CNBr-Sepharose...
January 18, 2017: Parasitology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110061/droplet-based-characterization-of-surfactant-efficacy-in-colloidal-stabilization-of-carbon-black-in-nonpolar-solvents
#7
Blake J Bleier, Benjamin A Yezer, Ben J Freireich, Shelley L Anna, Lynn M Walker
Development of an electrostatic stabilization mechanism for colloidal suspensions in nonpolar fluids requires an improved understanding of the interactions between the inverse micelles and particles as well as the roles that steric and electrostatic effects play. A droplet-based millifluidic device is designed and used to investigate the stabilization effects of surfactants on colloidal suspensions. A system containing carbon black and the surfactant OLOA 11000 suspended in dodecane is chosen as a well-characterized system to study sedimentation quantitatively...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110033/purification-characterization-and-functional-analysis-of-the-immune-molecule-lectin-from-the-haemolymph-of-blue-swimmer-crab-portunus-pelagicus-and-their-antibiofilm-properties
#8
Sangily Jayanthi, Ramachandran Ishwarya, Mahalingam Anjugam, Arokiadhas Iswarya, Sivashanmugam Karthikeyan, Baskaralingam Vaseeharan
The present study reveals purification and characterization of immune molecule lectin from the haemolymph of blue swimmer crab Portunus pelagicus (Pp-Lec). The Pp-Lec was purified by affinity chromatography with mannose coupled sepharose CL-4B column and it exhibits single band with a molecular weight of 155 kDa in SDS-PAGE. The surface morphology of purified Pp-Lec displays the homogeneous nature of protein. A distinct peak with a retention time of 3.3 min was appeared in high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis expresses a single peak at 31...
January 18, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110016/spatial-characteristics-of-urinary-btex-concentrations-in-the-general-population
#9
Xanthi Tsangari, Xanthi D Andrianou, Agapios Agapiou, Pawel Mochalski, Konstantinos C Makris
Benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, o-, m-, and p-xylenes (BTEX) are ubiquitous outdoor and indoor air pollutants associated with both environmental and health effects. The objective of this exploratory study was to determine the magnitude and variability of urinary BTEX levels among residents of two areas located in the same city (Nicosia, Cyprus). The two areas differed with respect to their proximity to an industrial cluster and an intercity-highway. First morning urine voids were collected during a random campaign from selected households in the two urban areas (n = 48)...
January 8, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109959/crispr-cas9-mediated-genome-editing-as-a-therapeutic-approach-for-leber-congenital-amaurosis-10
#10
Guo-Xiang Ruan, Elizabeth Barry, Dan Yu, Michael Lukason, Seng H Cheng, Abraham Scaria
As the most common subtype of Leber congenital amaurosis (LCA), LCA10 is a severe retinal dystrophy caused by mutations in the CEP290 gene. The most frequent mutation found in patients with LCA10 is a deep intronic mutation in CEP290 that generates a cryptic splice donor site. The large size of the CEP290 gene prevents its use in adeno-associated virus (AAV)-mediated gene augmentation therapy. Here, we show that targeted genomic deletion using the clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)/Cas9 system represents a promising therapeutic approach for the treatment of patients with LCA10 bearing the CEP290 splice mutation...
January 18, 2017: Molecular Therapy: the Journal of the American Society of Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109889/vascular-remodeling-a-redox-modulated-mechanism-of-vessel-caliber-regulation
#11
REVIEW
Leonardo Y Tanaka, Francisco R M Laurindo
Vascular remodeling, i.e. whole-vessel structural reshaping, determines lumen caliber in (patho)physiology. Here we review mechanisms underlying vessel remodeling, with emphasis in redox regulation. First, we discuss confusing terminology and focus on strictu sensu remodeling. Second, we propose a mechanobiological remodeling paradigm based on the concept of tensional homeostasis as a setpoint regulator. We first focus on shear-mediated models as prototypes of remodeling closely dominated by highly redox-sensitive endothelial function...
January 18, 2017: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109756/membrane-cholesterol-oxidation-in-live-cells-enhances-the-function-of-serotonin1a-receptors
#12
Md Jafurulla, Aswan Nalli, Amitabha Chattopadhyay
The serotonin1A (5-HT1A) receptor is an important neurotransmitter receptor that belongs to the G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) family. It is implicated in a variety of cognitive and behavioral functions and serves as an important drug target for neuropsychiatric disorders such as anxiety and depression. Previous work from our laboratory has demonstrated that membrane cholesterol plays an important role in the function of the serotonin1A receptor. Our earlier results highlighted several structural features of cholesterol essential for receptor function...
January 18, 2017: Chemistry and Physics of Lipids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109742/development-of-a-new-uplc-esi-ms-ms-method-for-the-determination-of-biopterin-and-neopterin-in-dried-blood-spot
#13
Silvia Santagata, Emanuele Di Carlo, Carla Carducci, Vincenzo Leuzzi, Antonio Angeloni, Claudia Carducci
BACKGROUND: (6R)-5,6,7,8-tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) deficiencies are rare inherited defects of synthesis or regeneration of BH4. Due to the resulting hyperphenylalaninemia (HPA), some of them are detectedby newborn screening and require the assessment of the pattern of neopterin (Neo) and biopterin (Bio) excretion in urine to be confirmed. Aim of presentstudy was to develop a method for the measurement of these diagnostic biomarkers in dried blood spot (DBS). METHODS: After DBS extraction, samples were filtered and injected into the UPLC column coupled with atandem mass spectrometer working in positive electrospray ionization...
January 18, 2017: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109540/what-will-donald-trump-s-presidency-mean-for-health-a-scorecard
#14
Martin McKee, Scott L Greer, David Stuckler
US Presidents make their mark on health, for better or worse. Donald Trump campaigned on a populist platform to "make America great again". While the actual policies his administration will pursue-and the priority he will place on each of them-remain in many ways uncertain, both his statements and his nominations for key government posts suggest that his presidency could have profound implications for health. His proposal to repeal and replace the Affordable Care Act with a "better reform", his stance on reproductive rights, and his approaches to other areas, such as science policy and climate change, coupled with his stated intention to put "America first" are creating anxiety and uncertainty about America's domestic health policies and its global leadership role in areas such as security and development...
January 18, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109527/functionalization-of-hybrid-monolithic-columns-via-thiol-ene-click-reaction-for-proteomics-analysis
#15
Zhongshan Liu, Jing Liu, Zheyi Liu, Hongwei Wang, Junjie Ou, Mingliang Ye, Hanfa Zou
The vinyl-functionalized hybrid monolithic columns (75 and 150μm i.d.) were prepared via sol-gel chemistry of tetramethoxysilane (TMOS) and vinyltrimethoxysilane (VTMS). The content of accessible vinyl groups was further improved after the monolithic column was post-treated with vinyldimethylethoxysilane (VDMES). The surface properties of monolithic columns were tailored via thiol-ene click reaction by using 1-octadecanethiol, sodium 3-mercapto-1-propanesulfonate and 2,2'-(ethylenedioxy)diethanethiol/vinylphosphonic acid, respectively...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109505/results-of-vsb-implantation-at-the-short-process-of-the-incus-in-children-with-ear-atresia
#16
Charlotte Célérier, Briac Thierry, Cyrille Coudert, Marion Blanchard, Natalie Loundon, Erea Noel Garabédian, Françoise Denoyelle
OBJECTIVE(S): To describe a new and more simple surgical procedure for implanting the Vibrant Soundbridge (VSB) on the short process of the incus in children with ear atresia and atretic plate and present the audiometric results. METHODS: Since 2014, pre- and post-operative audiometric tests with tonal and vocal audiometryat the maximal follow up, respectively 33, 22 and 12 months were performed after VSB implantation at the ENT department, Necker Enfants Malades Hospital, Paris, France...
February 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109439/deep-profiling-of-proteome-and-phosphoproteome-by-isobaric-labeling-extensive-liquid-chromatography-and-mass-spectrometry
#17
B Bai, H Tan, V R Pagala, A A High, V P Ichhaporia, L Hendershot, J Peng
Mass spectrometry-based proteomics has experienced an unprecedented advance in comprehensive analysis of proteins and posttranslational modifications, with particular technical progress in liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) and isobaric labeling multiplexing capacity. Here, we introduce a deep proteomics profiling protocol that combines 10-plex tandem mass tag (TMT) labeling with an optimized LC-MS/MS platform to quantitate whole proteome and phosphoproteome. The major steps include protein extraction and digestion, TMT labeling, two-dimensional liquid chromatography, TiO2-mediated phosphopeptide enrichment, high-resolution mass spectrometry, and computational data processing...
2017: Methods in Enzymology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109430/reannotation-of-genomes-by-means-of-proteomics-data
#18
J Armengaud
Omics approaches have become popular in biology as powerful discovery tools, and currently gain in interest for diagnostic applications. Establishing the accurate genome sequence of any organism is easy, but the outcome of its annotation by means of automatic pipelines remains imprecise. Some protein-encoding genes may be missed as soon as they are specific and poorly conserved in a given taxon, while important to explain the specific traits of the organism. Translational starts are also poorly predicted in a relatively important number of cases, thus impacting the protein sequence database used in proteomics, comparative genomics, and systems biology...
2017: Methods in Enzymology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109241/the-chemical-space-of-pbn-nbin-and-pbn-nbin-a-systematic-study-for-n-3-13
#19
Christian Seifried, Lilla Longo, Patrik Pollak, Florian Weigend
A systematic exploration of the energy hypersurfaces of three to 13-atomic neutral and cationic binary lead-bismuth clusters is presented. Global minima for all 99 compositions (N = 3-13, n = 0-N) were obtained by a density functional theory based genetic algorithm, which was applied to every single composition, both for the neutral clusters and for the cations. Within the genetic algorithm, the energetically most favorable assignment of atom types to atom positions was found via aimed swapping of element types, based on first-order perturbation theory in the nuclear charge...
January 21, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109234/transition-moments-between-excited-electronic-states-from-the-hermitian-formulation-of-the-coupled-cluster-quadratic-response-function
#20
Aleksandra M Tucholska, Michał Lesiuk, Robert Moszynski
We introduce a new method for the computation of the transition moments between the excited electronic states based on the expectation value formalism of the coupled cluster theory [B. Jeziorski and R. Moszynski, Int. J. Quantum Chem. 48, 161 (1993)]. The working expressions of the new method solely employ the coupled cluster operator T and an auxiliary operator S that is expressed as a finite commutator expansion in terms of T and T(†). In the approximation adopted in the present paper, the cluster expansion is limited to single, double, and linear triple excitations...
January 21, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
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