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Facial aesthetics

Xin Zhou, Ran Yu, Yanlin Long, Jiajia Zhao, Shaoling Yu, Qingming Tang, Lili Chen
OBJECTIVES: Skeletal mandibular hypoplasia (SMH), a common type of developmental deformities, results in impaired aesthetics of facial profile, occlusal dysfunction and poor life quality. In this study, BMAL1 deficiency leads to SMH formation, and we aim to investigate the mechanism by which BMAL1 deficiency induces SMH. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Circadian rhythm-disordered mouse models were constructed by placing animals in a jet lag schedule of 6-h light advance every 7 days for 4 or 8 weeks...
August 17, 2018: Cell Proliferation
Angela Pia Cazzolla, Graziano Montaruli, Nunzio Francesco Testa, Gianfranco Favia, Maria Grazia Lacaita, Lorenzo Lo Muzio, Domenico Ciavarella
Background: Mandibular condylar fractures commonly occur after trauma and account for 25 to 35% of all mandibular fractures; its appropriate therapy still remains a point of controversy in children. The purpose of this paper is to describe the treatment of an 11-years-old male patient affected by neck-condylar fracture as result of trauma in evolutive age. Methods: No surgical treatment was performed. A functional therapy was applied with a jaw splint. A closed treatment for mandibular condyle fractures was preferred because the amount of condylar displacement wasn't considerable...
April 2018: Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Research
Adeola Adenike Olusanya, Timothy Olukunle Aladelusi, Babatunde Adedokun
This study defines the facial anthropometric and aesthetic measurements in young Nigerians. This is a prospective cohort study involving facial anthropometric measurement in young adults without craniofacial abnormalities. Ten anthropometric measurements (upper facial height (tr-n), mid-facial height (n-sn), lower facial height (sn-gn), height of auricle (sa-sba) bilaterally, intercanthal width (en-en), palpebral fissure width (en-ex) bilaterally, face width (zy-zy), nose width (al-al), mouth width (ch-ch) and the interincisal distance) were determined...
August 13, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Helena Cristina Francisco Pereira da Silva, João Batista de Paiva, José Rino Neto
Anterior crossbite is characterized by negative horizontal overjet between the jaws, and occurs due to skeletal, functional, and/or dental imbalances. It is often found in primary and mixed dentition stages and causes severe aesthetic, functional, and psychosocial impairment. We report the facial and occlusal effects of maxillary protraction associated with rapid maxillary expansion in three young patients with primary dentition. The proposed treatment plan consisted of protraction and rapid maxillary expansion...
August 7, 2018: International Orthodontics
Wei Cai, Li-Dong Yu, Xiaowei Tang, Gan Shen
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: With the continued application of fat grafting in plastic surgery, many studies have focused on various factors to improve maintenance of the fat graft volume, such as platelet-rich plasma, adipose-derived stromal/stem cells, and the stromal vascular fraction (SVF). In addition, many review articles have investigated the functions of platelet-rich plasma and adipose-derived stromal/stem cells in fat grafting, although the usefulness of the SVF remains unclear...
September 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Ana Mihailescu, Anca Labunet, Alexandrina Muntean, Andreea Kui, Radu Septimiu Campian
Background and aims: This survey evaluated the psycho-social impact of oral health on the quality of life in Romanian teenage and young adult orthodontic patients. Methods: Of the 300 standard questionnaires distributed in four dental offices, 125 questionnaires were returned. Each questionnaire contained 110 items, focusing on aspects like patients' satisfaction, self-confidence, school/work performances and aesthetic concern, in relation to oral health. The patients were 16-25 years of age and all were undergoing or had undergone orthodontic treatment in the previous two years...
July 2018: Clujul Medical (1957)
Dario Bertossi, Maurizio Cavallini, Pierfrancesco Cirillo, Salvatore Piero Fundarò, Sandro Quartucci, Chantal Sciuto, Davide Tonini, Gloria Trocchi, Massimo Signorini
BACKGROUND: The aesthetic treatment of facial and neck wrinkles with botulinum toxin is constantly increasing, thus making it necessary to collect procedures guidelines for the use of botulinum toxin in the treatment of wrinkles and/or cosmetic defects. METHODS: A group of nine Italian doctors, plastic and maxillo-facial surgeons, dermatologists and aesthetic physicians, experts in face and neck aesthetic treatments with onabotulinum toxin A, discussed on procedures used in their clinical practice...
August 9, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
Chiara Ferrari, Susanna Schiavi, Zaira Cattaneo
When viewing a portrait, we are often captured by its expressivity, even if the emotion depicted is not immediately identifiable. If the neural mechanisms underlying emotion processing of real faces have been largely clarified, we still know little about the neural basis of evaluation of (emotional) expressivity in portraits. In this study, we aimed at assessing-by means of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS)-whether the right superior temporal sulcus (STS) and the right somatosensory cortex (SC), that are important in discriminating facial emotion expressions, are also causally involved in the evaluation of expressivity of portraits...
August 8, 2018: Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience
Amir Ali Mafi, Reza Shahverdiani, Parviz Mafi
BACKGROUND: Proper pre-operative facial analysis that includes a thorough evaluation of both the bony and soft tissue anatomy is paramount to success in performing aesthetic surgery of the face. Ethnic variations in soft tissue profile add an important variable to pre-operative facial analysis. The aim of our study was to determine the role of ethnic variations in soft tissue facial profiles through profile analysis of Iranian male and female patients. METHODS: Photographs of 100 Iranian males and 100 Iranian females (16 to 40 years old) were carried out...
May 2018: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
Tzu-Yang Chi, Zheyuan Yu, Liang Xu, Huichuan Duan, Yoong Hoon Shim, Dejun Cao
Craniofacial bone lesions involving the orbit are often associated with symptoms, including proptosis, orbital dystopia, and overall facial asymmetry. Fibrous dysplasia and osteoma are the 2 most commonly observed bone tumors in the craniofacial area. Nine patients with either craniofacial fibrous dysplasia or osteoma and an unacceptable aesthetic appearance were treated from January 2015 to July 2016. All patients underwent preoperative craniofacial 3-dimensional computed tomographic (CT) scanning, and standard photographs were obtained...
August 2, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Chuan-Yu Hu, Zheng-Jun Shang, Xu Qin, Le-Nan Shao
The study aimed to retrospectively evaluate surgical treatment outcomes after delayed parotid gland and duct injuries. Nine patients subjected to parotid gland and duct injuries with 1- to 3-month treatment delay were retrospectively evaluated with special reference of etiology, past medical history, and injury location. Conservative treatment, microsurgical anastomosis, and diversion of salivary flow or ligation were chosen for delayed parotid gland and duct injuries concerning to their site of injury, time of repair and procedures...
June 2018: Current medical science
Martina Ardizzi, F Ferroni, F Siri, M A Umiltà, A Cotti, M Calbi, E Fadda, D Freedberg, V Gallese
The present study addresses a novel issue by investigating whether beholders' sensorimotor engagement with the emotional content of works of art contributes to the formation of their objective aesthetic judgment of beauty. To this purpose, participants' sensorimotor engagement was modulated by asking them to overtly contract the Corrugator Supercilii facial muscles or to refrain from any voluntary facial movement while judging the aesthetic value of painful and neutral facial expressions in select examples of Renaissance and Baroque paintings...
August 3, 2018: Psychological Research
Martinus M van Veen, Joana Tavares-Brito, Britt M van Veen, Joseph R Dusseldorp, Paul M N Werker, Pieter U Dijkstra, Tessa A Hadlock
Importance: Study of the association of regional facial dysfunction with quality of life will lead to a better understanding of quality of life in facial palsy. Objective: To determine the association of regional facial dysfunction with facial palsy-related quality of life. Design, Setting, and Participants: This retrospective cohort analysis included patients with flaccid and nonflaccid (synkinetic) facial palsy treated at a tertiary care facial nerve center; the flaccid facial palsy group included 529 patients, and the nonflaccid facial palsy group included 391 patients...
August 2, 2018: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
Hyejeong Lee, Kichan Yoon, Munjae Lee
BACKGROUND: Hyaluronic acid fillers have become popular soft tissue filler augmentation agents over the past several years. Q.O.Fill (JW Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., Seoul, Korea) is a newly developed soft tissue augmentation agent using Tissuefill (hyaluronic acid derivatives) mixed with platelet-rich plasma (PRP). The purposes of this study were to describe the Q.O.Fill method and evaluate the outcome of face augmentation. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed over a 2-year period...
August 1, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
Steven H Dayan, Jonathan T Bacos, Nimit D Gandhi, Thuy-Van T Ho, Arjun Kalbag
BACKGROUND: Small-particle hyaluronic acid filler is approved for lip augmentation and correction of perioral rhytides. Treatment with this product may improve facial aesthetics, projected first impression, and self-perception of mood. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of perioral rejuvenation with hyaluronic acid on patient perception of mood and projected first impression. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventeen subjects underwent perioral rejuvenation treatment with small-particle hyaluronic acid filler...
July 27, 2018: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
Suzannah Biernoff
The first facial transplant, using a donor's nose, chin and mouth, was performed on Isabelle Dinoire in France in 2005, but the idea of removing or replacing the face - either with a mask, or with a living face - has been around for much longer. This article explores the cultural pre-history of face transplantation: its speculative existence in legend, literature and film before it became a medical possibility at the beginning of the twenty-first century. One of the questions posed here is: how (and for what purpose) do medical 'firsts' like Dinoire's surgery acquire a history? The article begins by considering the uses of the past by transplant surgeons themselves, and by those who are concerned about the ethical or psychological implications of organ and face transplantation...
2018: Wellcome Open Research
Romeo Patini, Patrizia Gallenzi, Simonetta Meuli, Valeria Paoloni, Massimo Cordaro
Background: To evaluate the facial aesthetic effects of orthodontic treatment performed with clear aligners and to compare it to an untreated control group, on lower third facial ageing in adult patients through the use of the Wrinkle Severity Rating Scale (WSRS) at the beginning (T0) and at the end (T1) of the study period. Material and Methods: A clear aligners treated group (TG) of 68 patients was compared to a control group of 33 untreated patients (UG). Each group was divided in 2 subgroups according to age: subgroup 1 if under 40 years of age and subgroup 2 if over...
July 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
N Xiao, L Zhang, X Peng, C Mao, J Zhang, Z G Cai
After reconstruction of a segmental mandibular defect with a fibular free flap, a vascular crisis can be detected clinically and a "no-flow" phenomenon found during re-exploration. Traditional methods used to solve this include removal of the failed flap and delayed mandibular reconstruction, or restoration of the defect with a functional reconstruction plate or contralateral fibular free flap. Our aim therefore was to investigate under what circumstances it is feasible to use a non-vascularised fibular bone graft (NVFB) as a free bone graft after the failure of a vascularised fibular free flap...
July 25, 2018: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
Varajini Joganathan, Patsy Terry, Steve Wall, Jonathan H Norris
Surgical rehabilitation of orbital dystopia can be challenging. The authors demonstrate the effective use of spectacle lenses to visually correct misalignments of the globe and the orbit. Presented is a retrospective review of 4 patients undergoing aesthetic rehabilitation through use of spectacle lenses and in a number patients a cosmetic shell.Two patients with neurofibromatosis presented with inferior dystopia of the globe and orbit. A base-down prismatic lens applied to the spectacles in conjunction with a prosthetic shell successfully visually corrected the facial asymmetry and improved patients' aesthetic appearance...
July 26, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Anastasia O Kurta, Deniz Sarhaddi, Umar A Sheikh, Michael Bernstein, Scott Walen, Eric S Armbrecht, Ian A Maher
BACKGROUND: Differences in approach to repair a specified defect after Mohs micrographic surgery (MMS) between specialties have not been previously examined. OBJECTIVE: To assess the difference in frequency of which reconstruction repairs are selected after MMS, among Mohs surgeons and facial plastic surgeons (FPS), and evaluate whether the level of satisfaction with the final repair outcome differed between specialties. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was approved by the Saint Louis University Institutional Review Board...
July 17, 2018: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
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