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Onabotulinum toxin A

Hannah Aura Shoval, Esther Antelis, Andrew Hillman, Xiaofang Wei, Patricia Tan, Ruth Alejandro, Heakyung Kim
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate the safety and efficacy of onabotulinum toxin A injection to the salivary glands under ultrasound guidance for the treatment of sialorrhea in patients with spinal muscular atrophy type I. DESIGN: Prospective case series with four patients with spinal muscular atrophy type I who received onabotulinum toxin A injection to parotid and submandibular glands for sialorrhea as part of clinical care. All four patients received validated surveys for measuring drooling, including objective measures of number of bib changes, and number of mouth wipes before injection and 4-6 wks after injection...
December 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Sandra Mühlstädt, Shahidul Mischner, Jennifer Kranz, Petra Anheuser, Nasreldin Mohammed, Joachim A Steffens, Paolo Fornara
Background: Idiopathic overactive bladder (iOAB), with or without urge incontinence (UI), has significant psychosocial effects on patients' quality of life (QoL). The first choice of treatment for iOAB is anticholinergics and, alternatively, the β-3-adrenoceptor agonist mirabegron. However, systemic side effects and contraindications should be considered for both medications. Objective: We report the efficacy, safety and effects on QoL of botulinum toxin therapy (onabotulinum toxin type A, BOTOX®, Allergan) among patients with iOAB ± UI...
2018: Frontiers in Surgery
Natalie A Krane, Jeffrey D Markey, Myriam Loyo
INTRODUCTION: Congenital unilateral lower lip palsy is an infrequently encountered condition that manifests as lower lip asymmetry during smiling, laughing, and crying. Treatment options are not well characterized. METHODS: The authors present the case of a 51-year-old woman who was referred for surgical intervention for facial paralysis. Physical examination demonstrated a symmetric face at rest that became asymmetric when smiling. The asymmetry, evident by inappropriate inferior displacement of the lower lip, was secondary to unilateral contraction and presence of the depressor labii inferioris...
October 22, 2018: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Toren P Stearns, Mujeeb U Shad, Gabriela C Guzman
Objective: To provide a critical appraisal of the primary clinical trials exploring the use of glabellar botulinum toxin type A (BTA) injections in the treatment of major depressive disorder (MDD) and propose future directions for research on this topic. Data Sources: A search in PubMed, Scopus, and Google Scholar databases was performed in September 2017. Search terms included ("botulinum" OR "botox" OR "abobotulinumtoxin" OR "onabotulinum" OR "onabotulinumtoxin" OR "botulinumtoxin") AND ("antidepressant" OR "depression" OR "depressive" OR "depressed")...
October 4, 2018: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
Riccardo Lombardo, Karl-Erik Andersson, Andrea Tubaro, Cosimo De Nunzio
BACKROUND: Endoscopic surgical treatment represents the gold standard in patients with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) when medical treatment fails. In the past years there has been a growing interest in intra-prostatic injections which represent a minimally invasive alternative for those patients not suitable for surgery. Aim of our study is to systematically review all the available data on intra-prostatic injections for the treatment of LUTS patients with benign prostatic enlargement (BPE)...
October 3, 2018: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica, the Italian Journal of Urology and Nephrology
Vikram M Narayan, Joseph J Pariser, Ronak A Gor, Jenna Katorski, Sean P Elliott
AIMS: Cerebral palsy (CP) is characterized by motor impairments as a result of brain injury during development. Patients can have neurogenic bladder dysfunction and are often unable to catheterize through their native urethra. Catheterizable channel (CC) creation can facilitate clean intermittent catheterization (CIC). We have observed that patients with large capacity, low-pressure bladders can develop de novo neurogenic detrusor overactivity (NDO) postoperatively. We sought to better characterize this finding...
September 24, 2018: Neurourology and Urodynamics
Giorgio Ivan Russo, Uros Milenkovic, Wayne Hellstrom, Laurence A Levine, David Ralph, Maarten Albersen
CONTEXT: Conservative therapies for Peyronie's disease (PD) aim to treat early-stage disease by improving clinical outcomes such as penile curvature, penile length erectile dysfunction, and pain. OBJECTIVE: To summarise the available evidence regarding injection and mechanical therapies for PD treatment. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: An extensive search of Medline, Embase, and Scopus databases retrieved English-language articles up to 15 May 2018...
December 2018: European Urology
Christine M Alvarez, James G Wright, Harpreet Chhina, Alyssa Howren, Peggy Law
BACKGROUND: Congenital idiopathic clubfoot is a condition that affects, on average, approximately 1 in 1,000 infants. One broadly adopted method of management, described by Ponseti, is the performance of a percutaneous complete tenotomy when hindfoot stall occurs. The use of onabotulinum toxin A (BTX-A) along with the manipulation and cast protocol described by Ponseti has been previously reported. Our goal was to compare the clinical outcomes between BTX-A and placebo injections into the gastrocnemius-soleus muscle at the time of hindfoot stall in infants with idiopathic clubfoot treated with the Ponseti method of manipulation and cast changes...
September 19, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
Syed Imran Raza, Ashkan Heshmatzadeh Behzadi, Jon D Blumenfeld, Sarah K Girardi, Martin R Prince
Urinary incontinence due to neurogenic detrusor overactivity is common in patients with disorders of lower motor neurons controlling the bladder. Multiple sclerosis is a major cause of neurogenic detrusor overactivity, which negatively impacts quality of life. Bladder wall injection of onabotulinum toxin A can diminish spontaneous bladder contraction, urinary urgency, and urge incontinence. Herein we report a 61-year-old woman with multiple sclerosis and autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease with bladder trabeculation developing after repeated injections of onabotulinum toxin A...
October 2018: Radiology Case Reports
J Ingham, R Angotti, M Lewis, A Goyal
INTRODUCTION: Botulinum toxin-A (BtA) has been used for refractory idiopathic overactive bladder (IOAB) in children. Data on the optimum dose success rates, duration of effect, complications and medium-term outcomes are limited. This study aims to analyse the authors' experience to provide medium-term results of BtA in symptomatic refractory patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with refractory IOAB who were treated with BtA (Botox®) were retrospectively analysed...
August 16, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Irina Aschehoug, Daniel Fossum Bratbak, Erling Andreas Tronvik
OBJECTIVES: To investigate long-term outcomes in per-protocol chronic cluster headache patients (n = 7), 18 and 24 months after participation in "Pilot study of sphenopalatine injection of onabotulinumtoxinA for the treatment of intractable chronic cluster headache." METHODS: Data were collected prospectively through headache diaries, HIT-6, and open questionnaire forms at 18 and 24 months after the first treatment. Patients had access to repeated injections when needed...
November 2018: Headache
A Doherty, D B Hennessey, J R Onggo, W Ranasinghe, J Gani
PURPOSE: One quarter of patients will not respond to initial intra-detrusor Botulinum toxin A (BTX) injections for detrusor overactivity. Alternative treatment options include long-term catheterization, sacral neuromodulation, urinary diversion or bladder augmentation. Some of these procedures are invasive. This review explores modifications to BTX delivery that can improve outcome. METHODS: A search of Medline, Embase and Cochrane Library to December 2017 was performed according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Metaanalysis (PRISMA) guidelines...
August 23, 2018: World Journal of Urology
Hiroyuki Todo, Hiroshi Yamasaki, Go Ogawa, Katsuya Nishida, Naonobu Futamura, Itaru Funakawa
INTRODUCTION: Camptocormia (severe bending of the spine) is a debilitating complication of Parkinson's disease (PD) without established treatment. Botulinum toxin (BT) may be beneficial, but data is scarce regarding the efficacy of administration of BT into the bilateral external oblique (EO) muscle for treatment of camptocormia in PD. METHODS: Six patients with PD and camptocormia, with flexion of the thoracic spine, were enrolled in the study. BT (75 or 90 units, onabotulinum toxin A) were injected into each EO bilaterally under sonographic guidance...
August 9, 2018: Neurology and Therapy
Dario Bertossi, Maurizio Cavallini, Pierfrancesco Cirillo, Salvatore Piero Fundarò, Sandro Quartucci, Chantal Sciuto, Davide Tonini, Gloria Trocchi, Massimo Signorini
BACKGROUND: The aesthetic treatment of facial and neck wrinkles with botulinum toxin is constantly increasing, thus making it necessary to collect procedures guidelines for the use of botulinum toxin in the treatment of wrinkles and/or cosmetic defects. METHODS: A group of nine Italian doctors, plastic and maxillo-facial surgeons, dermatologists and aesthetic physicians, experts in face and neck aesthetic treatments with onabotulinum toxin A, discussed on procedures used in their clinical practice...
October 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
Justin Houman, Ariel Moradzadeh, Devin N Patel, Kian Asanad, Jennifer T Anger, Karyn S Eilber
INTRODUCTION: Onabotulinum toxin A (Botox®) administered intravescially is an effective treatment for idiopathic detrusor overactivity, of which urinary tract infections (UTIs) are a common complication. The purpose of this study was to compare two prophylactic antibiotic regimens with the goal of decreasing UTI rates following intravesically administered Botox® injection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of two groups of patients undergoing intravesically administered Botox® injections was performed-one with idiopathic and one with neurogenic detrusor overactivity...
August 3, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
James M Weinberger, Justin Houman, Ashley T Caron, Devin N Patel, Avi S Baskin, A Lenore Ackerman, Karyn S Eilber, Jennifer T Anger
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the placebo effect of various pharmacologic modalities including neuromodulators, hormonal agents, and onabotulinum toxin A for female sexual dysfunction. DATA SOURCES: Using Meta-analyses Of Observational Studies in Epidemiology guidelines, we conducted a systematic review of PubMed, EMBASE,, and the Cochrane Review databases. METHODS OF STUDY SELECTION: Eleven search terms, "female sexual dysfunction" "treatment" in combination with "hypoactive sexual desire," "arousal disorder," "sexual pain disorder," "genitourinary syndrome of menopause," "orgasmic disorder," "vulvovaginal atrophy," "vaginismus," "vaginal atrophy," "vulvodynia," and "vestibulitis," were used...
August 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Murat Uçar, Ahsen Karagözlü Akgül, Ayşe Parlak, Cem Yücel, Nizamettin Kılıç, Emin Balkan
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of intravesical onabotulinum toxin A (onaBoNTA) injections for the treatment of children diagnosed with refractory overactive bladder (OAB) by using non-invasive methods. METHODS: A total of 31 pediatric patients with a mean age of 10.2 years received intravesical onaBoNTA injection at the dose of 10 U/kg (max: 200 U). Twenty-one patients who failed to respond to the first injection, received second injection 6 months after the first one...
August 2018: International Urology and Nephrology
Hans-Christoph Diener, Dagny Holle, Thomas Dresler, Charly Gaul
BACKGROUND: The frequent or regular use of analgesics and anti-migraine drugs can make headache more frequent and induce the transformation of episodic to chronic headache. Chronic headache due to medication overuse is defined as headache that is present on ≥ 15 days per month for at least three months in a patient who previously suffered from primary headaches, and who takes analgesics on ≥ 15 days per month or anti-migraine drugs (triptans or ergot alkaloids), opioid drugs, or combined analgesics on ≥ 10 days per month...
June 1, 2018: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
Hannah Shoval, Esther Antelis, Andrew Hillman, Xiaofang Wei, Patricia Tan, Ruth Alejandro, Heakyung Kim
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the safety and efficacy of Onabotulinum Toxin-A (BTX-A) injection to the salivary glands under ultrasound guidance for the treatment of sialorrhea in patients with spinal muscular atrophy type I (SMA I). DESIGN: Prospective case series with four patients with SMA I who received BTX-A injection to parotid and submandibular glands for sialorrhea as part of clinical care. All four patients received validated surveys for measuring drooling, including objective measures of number of bib changes, and number of mouth wipes before injection and 4-6 weeks after injection...
June 18, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Souphiyeh Samizadeh, Koenraad De Boulle
Botulinum toxin A is produced by anaerobic spore-forming bacteria and is used for various therapeutic and cosmetic purposes. Botulinum toxin A injections are the most popular nonsurgical procedure worldwide. Despite an increased demand for botulinum toxin A injections, the clinical pharmacology and differences in formulation of commonly available products are poorly understood. The various products available in the market are unique and vary in terms of units, chemical properties, biological activities, and weight, and are therefore not interchangeable...
2018: Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology
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