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Young person

Silvia Elizalde, Natacha Mateo
The work analyzes the characteristics, arguments and conditions of possibility present in the gender activisms carried out in recent years by young women in Argentina, with special attention paid to the generational mark they imprint onto the collective demands and struggles for legal, safe and free abortion. The article reconstructs some of the social and personal circumstances at the base of the motivation or the decision of a group of young women to carry out an abortion with misoprostol, with the purpose of exploring concretely the support networks and the information circulating among these young women in relation to the practice of medical abortion, at a time in which access to this right has not yet been legally instituted in the country...
July 2018: Salud Colectiva
Katherine Young, Amar Gupta, Rafael Palacios
BACKGROUND: A shortage of pediatricians and long wait times in the hospitals render more efficient follow-up visits increasingly important. Virtual visits between physician and patient offer a solution to this problem. Increased awareness, improved technology, and efficient scheduling methods will contribute to the quality and adoption of telemedicine programs. INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to analyze the impact of pediatric telemedicine on wait times and visit durations, as compared with in-person visits...
December 5, 2018: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
Sang Soo Lee, Cha Young Kim, Bo Ra Kim, Ra Ri Cha, Wan Soo Kim, Jin Joo Kim, Jae Min Lee, Hong Jun Kim, Chang Yoon Ha, Hyun Jin Kim, Tae Hyo Kim, Woon Tae Jung, Ok-Jae Lee
Although hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 3 infection is thought to be an important risk factor for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), current evidence is limited because only a few Western studies have evaluated the occurrence of HCC in patients with HCV genotype 3 infection. We evaluated the impact of genotype 3 and non-3 on HCC incidence and on disease progression in chronic HCV patients; this is the first study reporting such findings in an Asian population. We performed a retrospective cohort study using the data of 1448 consecutive chronic HCV patients evaluated at 3 centers in Korea between January 2005 and December 2016...
December 5, 2018: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
S Stalder, X Sidler, M Hässig
At present, the usage of antimicrobial agents in organic dairy farming is a subject of controversial public debate because of its impact on animals, humans and the environment. This study shows how farms can be successfully managed without using antimicrobials for udder diseases. Thereby, animal welfare and targeted low bulk tank somatic cell counts should not be neglected. The operating data analysed in this study was collected during feeding and milking time on 18 swiss dairy farms that have not been treating diseased udders with antibiotics for at least 3 years...
December 2018: Schweizer Archiv Für Tierheilkunde
Yeon Bai, Young-Hee Kim, Young-Hee Han, Taisun Hyun
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Veggiecation was developed to improve children's vegetable consumption through classroom lecture and cooking activities. In this study, we explored potential determinants of vegetable consumption behavior and intention, and examined the impact of Veggiecation on vegetable consumption behavior, intention and personal factors among Korean children. MATERIALS/METHODS: The 4-week Veggiecation program was implemented for second-graders in South Korea (35 children in the intervention group, 36 in the control group)...
December 2018: Nutrition Research and Practice
Kelvin Young, Gilda da Cunha Santos, Paul Card, Natasha Leighl
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 4, 2018: Cancer Cytopathology
Łukasz Kryst, Magdalena Żegleń, Iwona Wronka, Agnieszka Woronkowicz, Inez Bilińska-Pawlak, Rituparna Das, Rana Saha, Sukanta Das, Parasmani Dasgupta
The objective of the study was to analyse selected anthropometric features of children, adolescents and young adults from middle-class families in Kolkata, India, by BMI and adiposity categories. Standardized anthropometric measurements of 4194 individuals (1999 male and 2195 female) aged 7-21 were carried out between the years 2005 and 2011. The results were compared by BMI and adiposity categories. Statistical significance was assessed using two-way-ANOVA and linear regression analysis was performed. The study population could be differentiated in terms of BMI and adiposity categories for all examined anthropometric characteristics (p ≤ 0...
December 4, 2018: Journal of Biosocial Science
Peter Sona, Jong Hui Hong, Sunho Lee, Byong Joon Kim, Woon-Young Hong, Jongcheol Jung, Han-Na Kim, Hyung-Lae Kim, David Christopher, Laurent Herviou, Young Hwan Im, Kwee-Yum Lee, Tae Soon Kim, Jongsun Jung
BACKGROUND: The use of whole genome sequence has increased recently with rapid progression of next-generation sequencing (NGS) technologies. However, storing raw sequence reads to perform large-scale genome analysis pose hardware challenges. Despite advancement in genome analytic platforms, efficient approaches remain relevant especially as applied to the human genome. In this study, an Integrated Genome Sizing (IGS) approach is adopted to speed up multiple whole genome analysis in high-performance computing (HPC) environment...
December 3, 2018: BMC Bioinformatics
David Owen, Mathew Bracher-Smith, Kimberley M Kendall, Elliott Rees, Mark Einon, Valentina Escott-Price, Michael J Owen, Michael C O'Donovan, George Kirov
BACKGROUND: Copy number variants (CNVs) have been shown to increase risk for physical anomalies, developmental, psychiatric and medical disorders. Some of them have been associated with changes in weight, height, and other physical traits. As most studies have been performed on children and young people, these effects of CNVs in middle-aged and older people are not well established. The UK Biobank recruited half a million adults who provided a variety of physical measurements. We called all CNVs from the Affymetrix microarrays and selected a set of 54 CNVs implicated as pathogenic (including their reciprocal deletions/duplications) and that were found in five or more persons...
December 4, 2018: BMC Genomics
Scott Tillem, Grace Brennan, Jia Wu, Linda Mayes, Arielle Baskin-Sommers
Psychopathy is a personality disorder associated with callous, impulsive, and antisocial behaviors. Decades of research indicate that individuals higher on psychopathy exhibit abnormal allocation of attention during goal pursuit. However, the manner in which attention is allocated to goal-relevant information and the downstream neurocognitive consequences of this attention abnormality remain unclear. The present study addresses this gap by examining the relationship between psychopathy and the allocation of attention during an electroencephalogram (EEG)-based continuous performance task in a sample of 61 adolescents and young adults...
December 3, 2018: Personality Disorders
Marco Innamorati, Ruggero Taradel, Renato Foschi
In Catholic culture, and especially within the Italian Catholic environment, there has recently been a significant revival of the practice of exorcism. This is a fact noted by historians such as Levack (2013) and Young (2016). The article intends to show how this phenomenon is related to a series of important historical turning points, the most important of which is the recent collaboration between exorcists and Catholic psychologists and psychiatrists to establish a differential diagnosis between real possession and mere psychopathology...
December 3, 2018: History of Psychology
Limin Ma, Xiaolan Wang, Naru Zhao, Ye Zhu, Zhiye Qiu, Qingtao Li, Ye Zhou, Zefeng Lin, Xiang Li, Xiaolong Zeng, Hong Xia, Shizhen Zhong, Yu Zhang, Yingjun Wang, Chuanbin Mao
Titanium (Ti) alloy implants can repair bone defects at load-bearing sites. However, they mechanically mismatch with the natural bone and lack customized adaption with the irregularly major-sized load-bearing bone defects, resulting in the failure of implant fixation. Mineralized collagen (MC), a building block in bone, can induce angiogenesis and osteogenesis, and 3D printing technology can be employed to prepare scaffolds with an overall shape customized to the bone defect. Hence, we induced the formation of MC, made of hydroxyapatite (HAp) nanocrystals and collagen fibers, in 3D-printed porous Ti6 Al4 V (PT) scaffolds through in situ biomimetic mineralization...
December 3, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Nicholas J Lemme, Neill Y Li, Steven F DeFroda, Justin Kleiner, Brett D Owens
Background: Achilles tendon (AT) ruptures are one of the most common tendon ruptures, but there have been no studies investigating these injuries in the United States (US) using data representative of the entire US population. Purpose/Hypothesis: The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence and risk factors for AT ruptures in the US. We hypothesized that male sex, older age, and sport participation would increase the risk for AT ruptures. Study Design: Descriptive epidemiology study...
November 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Justin M Dubin, Aubrey B Greer, Robert Carrasquillo, Ian T O'Brien, Eric P Leue, Ranjith Ramasamy
Background: Erectile dysfunction (ED) has not been evaluated among male adult entertainers. Our goal was to evaluate the prevalence of ED and use of erectile aids among men working in the adult entertainment industry. Methods: An online survey was distributed to male adult entertainers through collaboration with the Free Speech Coalition (FSC), the North American Trade Association of the Adult Industry. Surveys were sent via email to those who met the criteria of being non-transgender men with biological penises and have experience as adult entertainers...
December 2018: Translational Andrology and Urology
Guillermo Sanchez-Delgado, Borja Martinez-Tellez, Yolanda Garcia-Rivero, Juan M A Alcantara, Francisco M Acosta, Francisco J Amaro-Gahete, Jose M Llamas-Elvira, Jonatan R Ruiz
Cold induced thermogenesis (CIT) in humans results mainly from the combination of both brown adipose tissue (BAT) and skeletal muscle thermogenic activity. The relative contribution of both tissues to CIT and to cold induced nutrient oxidation rates (CI-NUTox) remains, however, to be elucidated. We investigated the association of BAT and skeletal muscle activity after a personalized cold exposure with CIT and CI-NUTox in 57 healthy adults (23.0 ± 2.4 years old; 25.1 ± 4.6 kg/m2 ; 35 women). BAT and skeletal muscle (paracervical, sternocleidomastoid, scalene, longus colli, trapezius, parathoracic, supraspinatus, subscapular, deltoid, pectoralis major, and triceps brachii) metabolic activity were assessed by means of a 18 Fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography-computed tomography scan preceded by a personalized cold exposure...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
Sarah H O'Brien
Heavy menstrual bleeding (HMB) is frequently reported by adolescents. The role of the hematologist is threefold in evaluating such patients: (1) perform a clinical and laboratory evaluation for an underlying bleeding disorder on the basis of the degree of clinical suspicion, (2) identify and manage any concomitant iron deficiency, and (3) provide input to the referring provider regarding the management of HMB, particularly for patients with identified hemostatic defects. Several clues in the menstrual history should raise suspicion for an underlying bleeding disorder, such as menses lasting >7 days, menstrual flow which soaks >5 sanitary products per day or requires product change during the night, passage of large blood clots, or failure to respond to conventional therapies...
November 30, 2018: Hematology—the Education Program of the American Society of Hematology
Sergio Giralt, Eric Seifter
With the advent new proteasome inhibitors (carfilzomib, ixazomib), new immune-modulatory drugs (pomalidomide), and new monoclonal antibodies (elotuzimab, daratumumab) as approved treatments for myeloma, the therapeutic landscape for this disease has changed. In this chapter, using a case-based approach, I will provide a personal guide of how I approach myeloma therapy in a transplant eligible patient in 2018.
November 30, 2018: Hematology—the Education Program of the American Society of Hematology
Christopher M Cirnigliaro, Mary Jane Myslinski, Pierre Asselin, Joshua C Hobson, Adam Specht, Michael F La Fountaine, Steven C Kirshblum, Gail F Forrest, Trevor Dyson-Hudson, Ann M Spungen, William A Bauman
OBJECTIVE: The rate of areal bone mineral density (aBMD) loss at the knee (distal femur (DF) and proximal tibia ) and hip (femoral neck (FN) and total hip (TH)) was determined in persons with traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) who were stratified into subgroups based on time since injury (TSI). DESIGN: Cross-sectional retrospective review. SETTING: Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center and Private Rehabilitation Hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Data on 105 individuals with SCI (TSI ≤12 months, n = 19; TSI 1-5 years, n = 35; 6-10 years, n = 19; TSI 11-20 years, n = 16; TSI >20 years, n = 15) and 17 able-bodied reference (ABref ) controls...
October 31, 2018: Journal of Clinical Densitometry
Samira Behboudi-Gandevani, Fahimeh Ramezani Tehrani, Farhad Hosseinpanah, Davood Khalili, Leila Cheraghi, Hadigheh Kazemijaliseh, Fereidoun Azizi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the incidence of hypertension, metabolic syndrome, dyslipidemia, and obesity in comparing women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and a control group of healthy women. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study with the median and interquartile range of 12.9 (10.8-13.9) years. SETTING: Population-based cohort of the Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study. PATIENT(S): A total of 1,702 reproductive-age women including 178 women with PCOS and 1,524 controls...
December 2018: Fertility and Sterility
Elise Davis, Dana Young, Kim-Michelle Gilson, Elena Swift, Jeffrey Chan, Lisa Gibbs, Utsana Tonmukayakul, Dinah Reddihough, Katrina Williams
BACKGROUND: This paper identifies the best instruments for service providers to measure the quality of life (QoL) of children with a disability, with a focus on their alignment with the Convention on the Rights of Persons with a Disability (CRPD). METHODS: This study reviewed systematic reviews to identify generic QoL instruments for children and adolescents, followed by an appraisal process using newly developed criteria. QoL instruments with a health status, functioning, and condition-specific focus were excluded...
December 2018: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
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