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Young person

Stephanie Arteaga, Lauren Caton, Anu Manchikanti Gomez
OBJECTIVE: To understand how young people conceptualize planned, unplanned, and "in-between" pregnancies. METHODS: We conducted individual qualitative interviews with 50 young (ages 18-24) women and their male partners (n=100) in the San Francisco Bay Area to investigate prospective pregnancy intentions. In this analysis, we focused on participants' conceptualization of planned and unplanned pregnancies, as well as a status in-between planned and unplanned...
August 15, 2018: Contraception
Fredrik Åberg, Helena Isoniemi, Eero Pukkala, Hannu Jalanko, Allan Rasmussen, Hans H Storm, Nicolai Schultz, William Bennet, Nils Ekvall, Bo-Göran Ericzon, Silvia Malenicka, Steinar Tretli, Pål-Dag Line, Kirsten Muri Boberg, Anniken Østensen, Tom Hemming Karlsen, Arno Nordin
Cancer after liver transplantation (LT) constitutes a threat also for young recipients, but cancer risk factors are usually absent in children and large studies on cancer risk profile in young LT recipients are scarce. Data of patients younger than 30 years who underwent LT 1982-2013 in the Nordic countries was linked with respective national cancer registries to calculate standardized incidence ratios (SIR). Thirty-seven cancer cases were observed in 923 patients with 7846 person-years of follow-up. The SIR for all cancer types, compared to matched general population, was 9...
August 18, 2018: Liver Transplantation
Giuseppe d'Annunzio, Andrea Beccaria, Angela Pistorio, Enrico Verrina, Nicola Minuto, Roberto Pontremoli, Alberto La Valle, Mohamad Maghnie
AIMS: Diabetic Nephropathy (DN) is rarely encountered in childhood, otherwise early subclinical abnormalities are detectable few years after diabetes diagnosis. Our aim was to evaluate the incidence rate of microalbuminuria in childhood onset type 1 diabetes (DM1) patients. Secondary aim was to examine which variables could influence the development of DN. METHODS: We longitudinally evaluated 137 young patients with DM1 from diagnosis (1994-2004) for a median of 11...
August 11, 2018: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
E A J M Spaans, P R van Dijk, K H Groenier, P L P Brand, N Kleefstra, H J G Bilo
BACKGROUND: Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is one of the most common chronic diseases in children. Studies on costs related to T1DM are scarce and focused primarily on the costs directly related to diabetes. We aimed to investigate both the overall healthcare costs and the more specific costs related to the management of diabetes. METHODS: This is a retrospective and observational, nationwide cohort study of all Dutch children (aged 0-18 years) with T1DM. Data were collected from the national registry for healthcare reimbursement, in which all Dutch insurance companies combine their reimbursement data...
August 17, 2018: BMC Endocrine Disorders
Luca Zsuzsanna Nagy, Katalin Balázs
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of the reported study was to investigate how people respond to social advertisements which differ in topic and in the extent of fear appeal given their typical coping strategy. This is a topical issue as it has practical relevance to the design of persuasive communication in the service of health behavior, based on the relation between persuasion and personality. For a theoretical frame we used two cognitive evaluating models: Kim Witte's Extended Parallel Process Model and Endler and Parker's conception about different coping styles...
2018: Psychiatria Hungarica: A Magyar Pszichiátriai Társaság Tudományos Folyóirata
Paola Gaggiotti, Laura Veneroni, Stefano Signoroni, Matteo Silva, Marco Chisari, Michela Casanova, Stefano Chiaravalli, Giovanna Sironi, Carlo Alfredo Clerici, Tullio Proserpio, Maura Massimino, Andrea Ferrari
INTRODUCTION: Adolescents diagnosed with cancer have to temporarily stop pursuing several vital needs and making plans for the future. The Youth Project in Milan, Italy, focuses on such issues in young cancer patients' personal lives. Uncertainty about the future had already emerged in several artistic projects designed to help these patients voice their emotions. METHODS: We describe a project revolving around the question "What shall I do when I grow up?" Twenty-seven 15- to 26-year-old patients wrote a brief account of what they hoped to do as adults...
August 17, 2018: Tumori
Sun-Young Lee, Sery Lim, Dong-Hyu Cho
A 16-year-old female with Ewing sarcoma, a very rare disease with poor prognosis in women, was admitted to the hospital with abdominal pain. Diagnostic laparotomy revealed the Ewing sarcoma originating from the extramural uterus. Histological examination yielded positive test results for CD99, vimentin, S-100, eosin 5-maleimide and periodic acid-Shiff. EWS-FLI1 type 1 translocation was confirmed. Fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) 4 (c.1162G> A) and HRas proto-oncogene (HRAS; c.182A> G) mutations were also detected...
August 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Elisabet Guillamó, Álvaro Cobo-Calvo, Guillermo R Oviedo, Noémie Travier, Juan Álamo, Oscar A Niño-Mendez, Antonio Martínez-Yelamos, Sergio Martínez-Yelamos, Casimiro Javierre
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic neurological disease which affects young adults at a time of maximum personal, professional and social growth. Recent guidelines on physical activity have established that exercise is an essential component of the clinical management of people with MS with mild or moderate degree of disability. The main purpose of this study was to test the feasibility and the effects of two different 40-week structured physical exercise interventions (a supervised high intensity interval training plus home exercise program and a self-applied home-based exercise program) on clinical evolution, psychological wellbeing, quality of life, fatigue, cardiorespiratory fitness, strength and balance of people with MS...
September 2018: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
G Mullen, C Dowling, G O'Reilly
OBJECTIVES: Research regarding adolescent internet use and mental health is sparse. However, awareness of a young person's internet use is becoming increasingly recognised as an important element of clinical assessment and intervention, and requires the development of an evidence base. The aim of the present study was to better understand the internet use of young people experiencing mental health difficulties and to contrast it with those who currently report no concerns. METHOD: In total, 299 young people aged 12-19 years, across a continuum of mental health difficulties, completed an online survey measuring internet use and related experiences...
March 2018: Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine
Catherine A Okoro, NaTasha D Hollis, Alissa C Cyrus, Shannon Griffin-Blake
Persons with disabilities face greater barriers to health care than do those without disabilities (1). To identify characteristics of noninstitutionalized adults with six specific disability types (hearing, vision, cognition, mobility, self-care, and independent living),* and to assess disability-specific disparities in health care access, CDC analyzed 2016 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) data. The prevalences of disability overall and by disability type, and access to health care by disability type, were estimated...
August 17, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Magda Orzechowska, Elżbieta Krajewska-Kułak, Mateusz Cybulski, Ewelina Mystkowska, Anna Milewska
INTRODUCTION: Syphilis is a systemic disease with a complex natural history and a diversified clinical symptomology, taking various forms. It is characterized by a long-term course, often asymptomatic. The Global Estimates indicate that Treponema pallidum caused 5.6 million infections per year. AIM: Epidemiological characteristics of patients with syphilis in selected Polish urban agglomerations (Warsaw and Gdańsk) in 2016. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cases of syphilis reported by doctors to The Provincial Sanitary and Epidemiological Stations in Gdańsk (50 cases) and in Warsaw (520 cases) in 2016 were analysed...
2018: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Yue Deng, Nai-Yuan Liu, Francis Tsow, Xiaojun Xian, Rosa Krajmalnik-Brown, Nongjian Tao, Erica Forzani
The development of connected health devices has allowed for a more accurate assessment of a person's state under free-living conditions. In this work, we use two mobile sensing devices and investigate the correlation between individual's resting metabolic rate (RMR) and volatile organic compounds (VOCs) exposure levels. A total of 17 healthy, young, and sedentary office workers were recruited, measured for RMR with a mobile indirect calorimetry (IC) device, and compared with their corresponding predicted RMR values from the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics' recommended epidemiological equation, the Mifflin⁻St Jeor equation (MSJE)...
August 14, 2018: Sensors
Peter Ssebutinde, Imelda T Kyamwanga, Eleanor Turyakira, Stephen Asiimwe, Francis Bajunirwe
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of HIV infection among older persons is increasing yet older age at initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) may be associated with poorer treatment outcomes including mortality. However, majority of these studies have been done in the western world and there is limited data in resource limited settings. Our study used routinely collected health facility data to assess trends in age at initiation of ART, the effect of age at ART initiation on mortality and immunological response at a large urban hospital in south western Uganda...
2018: PloS One
N C Stefanis, V Mavreas, Ι Νimatoudis, F Gourzis, Μ Sarakouri, A Vgontzas, A Douzenis
The disorders of the psychosis spectrum, with the most severe being schizophrenia, are prevalent and have a great impact on the patients' quality of life. The purpose of this article is to highlight the need for a novel national strategic approach to the management of psychotic disorders in accordance with the international principles of early intervention. Even though outpatient treatment is considered adequate, there is an urgent need to adopt an early and more comprehensive and effective intervention strategy for young patients with psychosis and their families whose clinical and personal needs are clearly not met by the existing infrastructure of our mental health services...
April 2018: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
Namki Hong, Chang Oh Kim, Yoosik Youm, Jin-Young Choi, Hyeon Chang Kim, Yumie Rhee
In a community-dwelling elderly cohort, dysmobility syndrome was associated with elevated odds of morphometric vertebral fracture or any prevalent fracture, independent of age and covariates. Dysmobility syndrome improved discrimination for fracture when added to the FRAX score. INTRODUCTION: Dysmobility syndrome was coined to indicate patients with impaired musculoskeletal health. Data on the association of dysmobility syndrome with prevalent morphometric vertebral fracture (VF) in elderly persons are limited...
August 14, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
Hisato Toriyama, Junichi Ushiba, Junichi Ushiyama
In the field of psychology, it has been well established that there are two types of motor imagery such as kinesthetic motor imagery (KMI) and visual motor imagery (VMI), and the subjective evaluation for vividness of motor imagery each differs across individuals. This study aimed to examine how the motor imagery ability assessed by the psychological scores is associated with the physiological measure using electroencephalogram (EEG) sensorimotor rhythm during KMI task. First, 20 healthy young individuals evaluated subjectively how vividly they can perform each of KMI and VMI by using the Kinesthetic and Visual Imagery Questionnaire (KVIQ)...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
Munira Nasser Hassen, Abyot Bekele Woyessa, Mekonen Getahun, Berhane Beyene, Lucy Buluanger, Ayesheshem Ademe, Alemayehu Bekele, Adamu Addissie, Amha Kebede, Daddi Jima
BACKGROUND: Measles is a highly infectious and serious respiratory viral disease which caused by a virus. It is a significant cause of illness and death worldwide. This data analysis was conducted to describe the trend and determine the reporting rate of measles cases in Addis Ababa to make recommendation for the government of the city to strengthening measles control interventions. METHODS: We obtained and extracted ten years (2005-2014) Addis Ababa city's measles surveillance data from national database...
August 14, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
Fang Liu, Zhe Wang, Xiaoge Zhou, Qing Liu, Gang Chen, Hualiang Xiao, Weihua Yin, Shigeo Nakamura, Huilan Rao
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-positive diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (EBV+ DLBCL) is typically an aggressive tumor in elderly patients. However, in a subset of young patients, EBV+ DLBCL follows a relatively indolent clinical course and exhibits a good response to chemotherapy. This lymphoma comprises polymorphous lymphoma and large cell lymphomas subtypes, with the latter subtype showing a significantly poorer prognosis. It is unknown whether the genetic background differs between age groups and histopathological subtypes...
2018: PloS One
Julia C Young, Michelle R Quayle, Justin W Adams, John F Bertram, Paul G McMenamin
The practical aspect of human developmental biology education is often limited to the observation and use of animal models to illustrate developmental anatomy. This is due in part to the difficulty of accessing human embryonic and fetal specimens, and the sensitivity inherent to presenting these specimens as teaching materials. This report presents a new approach using three-dimensional (3D) printed replicas of actual human materials in practical classes, thus allowing for the inclusion of accurate examples of human developmental anatomy in the educational context...
August 14, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
Samuel E Kolman, Allan M Glanzman, Laura Prosser, David A Spiegel, Keith D Baldwin
Background: It is unknown what role specific tasks associated with personal care, positioning, communication and social interaction, and comfort and emotions play in predicting the overall health and quality of life of individuals with non-ambulatory cerebral palsy (CP). In this study, we prospectively evaluated which of these factors were significant predictors of overall health and quality of life. Methods: Parents and guardians of non-ambulatory children, adolescents and young adults with CP were prospectively recruited from the Cerebral Palsy Clinic of a large pediatric academic hospital...
2018: Iowa Orthopaedic Journal
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