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Balance Y-test

Y Lv, X Pang, P-Y Jia, D-L Jia
OBJECTIVE: Indoleamine 2, 3-dioxygenase (IDO) can inhibit rejection of graft via inducing T cell apoptosis. CD40L monoclonal antibody (mAb) inhibits T cell activation. However, the effects of the combination of infusion of dendritic cell (DC) from IDO over-expressed donor mice and CD40L mAb on the treatment of graft rejection after heart transplantation have not been reported. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Allogeneic heart transplantation mouse model was established. Recipient mice were divided into three groups, including control group, IDO group (in which DC donors received adenoviral vector of IDO) and combined therapy group (which received both IDO over-expressed DC infusion and CD40L mAb injection post transplantation)...
November 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Marisa Pontillo, Sheri Silfies, Courtney M Butowicz, Charles Thigpen, Brian Sennett, David Ebaugh
Background: Relationships between core stability and lower extremity injuries have been described in the literature; however, evidence of the relationship between upper extremity injuries and core stability and balance is limited. Hypothesis/Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare clinical measures of core stability and balance between athletes with and without non-traumatic shoulder injuries. Study Design: Cross sectional. Methods: Eighty athletes (54 males, age: 21...
December 2018: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Geneviève N Olivier, Serene S Paul, Keith R Lohse, Christopher S Walter, Sydney Y Schaefer, Leland E Dibble
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Skill acquisition (ie, performance changes during practice) occurs in a nonlinear fashion. Despite this, motor learning is typically measured by comparing discrete timepoints. Thus, typical measures of motor learning do not detect skill acquisition characteristics that may be clinically meaningful. Reliable prediction of motor skill learning in people with Parkinson disease (PD) would allow therapists to more effectively individualize practice doses to fit specific patients' needs...
January 2019: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
Kelly M Meiners, Janice K Loudon
PURPOSE/BACKGROUND: Various methods are available for assessment of static and dynamic postural stability. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between dynamic postural stability as measured by the Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT) and static postural sway assessment as measured by the Technobody™ Prokin in female soccer players. A secondary purpose was to determine side-to-side symmetry in this cohort. METHODS: 18 female soccer players completed testing on the SEBT and TechnobodyTM Prokin balance device...
December 11, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Z F Ma, N Yusof, N Hamid, R M Lawenko, W M Z Wan Mohammad, M T Liong, H Sugahara, T Odamaki, J Xiao, Y Y Lee
Individuals in a community who developed irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) after major floods have significant mental health impairment. We aimed to determine if Bifidobacterium infantis M-63 was effective in improving symptoms, psychology and quality of life measures in flood-affected individuals with IBS and if the improvement was mediated by gut microbiota changes. Design was non-randomised, open-label, controlled before-and-after. Of 53 participants, 20 with IBS were given B. infantis M-63 (1×109 cfu/sachet/day) for three months and 33 were controls...
December 10, 2018: Beneficial Microbes
Zhenyan He, Yong Gao, Linh Lieu, Sadia Afrin, Hongbo Guo, Kevin W Williams
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Acute insulin administration results in a hyperpolarization and concomitant decrease of firing rate in a subpopulation of arcuate Proopiomelanocortin (POMC) and Neuropeptide Y/Agouti-related peptide (NPY/AgRP) cells. This rapid effect on cellular activity has been implicated as a cellular correlate of insulin effects on energy balance and glucose homeostasis. Recent evidence suggests that zinc in mammalian insulin formulations is required for the insulin-induced inhibition of arcuate POMC neurons, while guinea-pig insulin, which fails to bind zinc, activates POMC neurons in mice...
December 6, 2018: British Journal of Pharmacology
Vittorio Rispoli, Nico Golfrè Andreasi, Giovanna Penna, Francesca Preda, Eleonora Contini, Mariachiara Sensi
Background: Gait and balance disorders in advanced Parkinson's disease (aPD) heavily impact the disease burden. In this prospective observational open-label study, our aim was to evaluate the effectiveness of levodopa/carbidopa intestinal gel (LCIG) infusion on balance and gait over a long-term follow-up. Methods: The motor status of 15 aPD patients with balance and gait symptoms was assessed with UPDRS (I-IV) and H&Y at baseline in OFF and ON conditions, and after 52 weeks of LCIG infusion...
September 2018: Movement Disorders Clinical Practice
William Johnston, Martin O'Reilly, Ciara Duignan, Mairead Liston, Rod McLoughlin, Garrett F Coughlan, Brian Caulfield
BACKGROUND: Concussion is one of the most common sports-related injuries, with little understood about the modifiable and nonmodifiable risk factors. Researchers have yet to evaluate the association between modifiable sensorimotor function variables and concussive injury. PURPOSE: To investigate the association between dynamic balance performance, a discrete measure of sensorimotor function, and concussive injuries. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study (diagnosis); Level of evidence, 3...
December 3, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Marie-Pierre St-Onge, Theresa Pizinger, Kyle Kovtun, Arindam RoyChoudhury
BACKGROUND: Studies associate sleeping and eating late in the day with poor dietary quality and higher obesity risk but differences in sleep duration confound this association. We aimed to determine whether sleep and meal timing, independent of sleep duration, influenced food intake in healthy adults. METHODS: This was a controlled, 2 × 2 inpatient crossover study with normal (0000-0800 h) or late (0330-1130 h) sleep and normal (1, 5, 11, and 12.5 h after awakening) or late (4...
November 28, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Issam Makhlouf, Anis Chaouachi, Mehdi Chaouachi, Aymen Ben Othman, Urs Granacher, David G Behm
Introduction: Studies that combined balance and resistance training induced larger performance improvements compared with single mode training. Agility exercises contain more dynamic and sport-specific movements compared with balance training. Thus, the purpose of this study was to contrast the effects of combined balance and plyometric training with combined agility and plyometric training and an active control on physical fitness in youth. Methods: Fifty-seven male soccer players aged 10-12 years participated in an 8-week training program (2 × week)...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
Simon S W Li, Otto H T Chan, T Y Ng, L H Kam, C Y Ng, W C Chung, Daniel H K Chow
Measurement of postural stability is crucial for identifying predictors of performance, determining the efficacy of physical training and rehabilitation techniques, and evaluating and preventing injuries, particularly for heavy load carriage in hikers, mountain search and rescue personnel, and soldiers. This study investigated the effect of load distribution on postural stability in an upright stance using backpack and double pack loads under conflicting or impaired somatosensory, visual, and vestibular conditions...
November 28, 2018: Ergonomics
Y H Wang, X Zhu, D Y Feng, B Q Wu
Objective: To evaluate the effect of plasma exchange combined with high-dose continuous venovenous hemodiafiltration method (CVVHDF) in the treatment of patients with acute-on-chronic liver failure with stage III-IV hepatic encephalopathy and the feasibility of pre-operative preparation for liver transplantation. Methods: Clinical data of 14 cases of medical intensive care unit of our hospital with acute-on- chronic liver failure accompanied with stage III-IV hepatic encephalopathy that underwent plasma exchange combined with high-dose CVVHDF from March 2015 to September 2017 were retrospectively summarized...
September 20, 2018: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
Y M Arabi, H M Al-Dorzi, S Mehta, H M Tamim, S H Haddad, G Jones, L McIntyre, O Solaiman, M H Sakkijha, M Sadat, L Afesh, A Kumar, S M Bagshaw, A S Aldawood
Background: The optimal amount of protein intake in critically ill patients is uncertain. Objective: In this post hoc analysis of the PermiT (Permissive Underfeeding vs. Target Enteral Feeding in Adult Critically Ill Patients) trial, we tested the hypothesis that higher total protein intake was associated with lower 90-d mortality and improved protein biomarkers in critically ill patients. Design: In this post hoc analysis of the PermiT trial, we included patients who received enteral feeding for ≥3 consecutive days...
November 1, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Peter Lisman, Mary Nadelen, Emily Hildebrand, Kyle Leppert, Sarah de la Motte
Few studies have investigated differences in functional movement assessment performance across scholastic levels of competition. This study examined Functional Movement Screen (FMS) performance in middle school (MS), high school (HS) and collegiate (COL) American football players and Y-Balance test (YBT) scores in MS and HS players. Functional movement measurements were collected for MS (N = 29; age = 12.8 ± 0.7 years), HS (N =52; age = 15.7 ± 1.2 years), and COL (N =77; age = 19.9 ± 1.4 years) football players prior to each group's competitive season...
September 2018: Biology of Sport
M Junata, Kenneth C C Cheng, H S Man, X Wang, Raymond K Y Tong
With the growing aging and overall population, the demand for healthcare professionals and their burden increases by time. Effective balance recovery reaction is required to prevent falls. The aim of this project is to provide low-cost portable balance training system that trains the two important components of effective balance recovery reaction: faster movement completion time (MT) and larger range of motion (ROM). This is done by a Kinect-based interactive rapid movement therapy training platform for reaching and stepping actions...
July 2018: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
S Cosentino, R Kasai, Z Gu, S Sessa, Y Kawakami, A Takanishi
Preserving mobility, the ability to keep a correct posture and dynamic balance in order to walk properly, is fundamental to maintain autonomy in daily life. Based on the correlation between muscle groups and autonomy, previous research has suggested that maintaining muscular tone in knee extensors is critical. Continuous training of knee extensors during aging is therefore essential to maintain independence. In this work, it is hypothesized that it is possible to estimate knee extensor activity only from IMU data based on a simple lower limbs model...
July 2018: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Braden L Mitchell, Kade Davison, Gaynor Parfitt, Simon Spedding, Roger G Eston
PURPOSE: This study investigated the effect of β-blockade on physiological and perceived exertion (RPE) responses during incremental treadmill exercise. METHODS: Sixteen healthy participants (n=8 men; age 25.3±4.6 y) performed a maximal treadmill exercise test following ingestion of 100 mg Metoprolol or placebo, with a double-blind, randomised and counter-balanced design. Heart rate (HR), ventilatory and gas exchange variables were measured continuously, and participants reported RPE at the end of each minute...
November 14, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Cornelius John, Anna Lina Rahlf, Daniel Hamacher, Astrid Zech
BACKGROUND: Peak height velocity has been reported to be associated with the phenomenon of adolescent awkwardness, a temporary disruption in motor skills, and an increase in injuries in some adolescents. To date, it is not entirely clear which motor abilities are deficient during the phase of rapid growth. RESEARCH QUESTION: We hypothesized that static as well as dynamic postural control is influenced by biological maturation. METHODS: The study was conducted in a prospective, cross-sectional design...
November 2, 2018: Gait & Posture
Pauline Andreo, Kinda Khalaf, Lainey Heale, Herbert F Jelinek, Luke Donnan
Static taping of the ankle or knee joint is a common method of reducing risk of injury by providing mechanical stability. An alternative taping technique employs kinesiology tape, which has the additional benefit of improving functionality by stimulating proprioception. There is substantial disagreement whether kinesiology tape shows significant differences in proprioception and postural stability as compared to rigid/static tape when applied at the lower limb. The current study investigated the effects of kinesiology tape and static tape during a Y Balance Test on center of mass as an indicator for postural stability...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
Ernesto Crisafulli, Marina Aiello, Panagiota Tzani, Antonella Ielpo, Chiara Longo, Veronica Alfieri, Giuseppina Bertorelli, Alfredo Chetta
BACKGROUND: In patients with COPD, limited data have been reported concerning the association between dyspnea perception and exercise tests. Moreover, the perception of dyspnea has not been analyzed in patients with the same severity of air-flow obstruction. The aim of our study was to evaluate the relationship between the degree of dyspnea and exercise capacity in subjects with COPD who had the same severity of air-flow obstruction. METHODS: We assessed dyspnea perception and maximum exercise capacity by using the modified Medical Research Council dyspnea scale (mMRC) questionnaire and by using the symptom-limited incremental cardiopulmonary exercise test, respectively...
November 13, 2018: Respiratory Care
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