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Neck masses in children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30078241/-clinical-analysis-of-thyroid-cancer-in-62-children
#1
J L Wang, X Y Ren, X Ni, J Tai, C X Gong
Objective: To analyze the clinical characteristics and prognosis of thyroid cancer in children. Methods: Clinical data of 164 children (60 boys, 104 girls) with space-occupying lesions of the thyroid who were hospitalized in Beijing Children's Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University from July 2006 to December 2017 were collected. Sixty-two children with thyroid cancer were reviewed respectively and followed up by telephone. Results: From July 2006 to December 2017, children with thyroid cancer accounted for 37...
August 2, 2018: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29974783/-validity-of-neck-circumference-as-a-marker-of-adiposity-in-children-and-adolescents-and-in-adults-a-systematic-review
#2
María José Arias Téllez, Borja Martinez-Tellez, Johana Soto, Guillermo Sánchez-Delgado
The objective of this systematic review was doing a search of the validity of neck perimeter as a marker of adiposity in children and adolescents as well as in adults. A systematic search for articles published before June 30, 2017 was conducted using the PubMed and Web of Science databases. Original studies, in Spanish or English, were searched to analyze the association between neck circumference and any other marker of adiposity. MeSH (Medical Subject Heading) categories were used in PubMed. The search criteria used were: (("neck circumference" or "neck diameter") AND ("Body Composition" [Mesh] OR "Anthropometry" [Mesh]))...
April 5, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922955/construction-of-a-statistical-cervical-vertebrae-geometric-model-for-children-3-10-years-old
#3
Zhigang Li, Xiaoqiang Han, Cheng Ji, Xinfeng Han
Cervical spinal injuries of children in motor vehicle crashes have high morbidity and mortality rates. Cervical vertebrae change rapidly in both size and shape during growth. To accurately assess the risk of spinal injury for children of different ages, it is necessary to understand how the spatial geometric features of vertebrae change with the child's age and neck size. In this study, an innovative semi-automated method was developed that can extract and align geometric points from computed tomography scans to accurately represent complex three-dimensional vertebral geometry...
June 19, 2018: Annals of Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764021/-misdiagnosic-analysis-and-treatment-of-pyriform-sinus-fistula-in-children
#4
J Ma, C Ming, F Lou, M L Wang, K Lin, W J Zeng, Z C Li, X F Liu, T S Zhang
Objective: To discuss the misdiagnosis of pyriform sinus fistula and to better understand this kind of illness. Methods: The analysis was based on twenty-eight patients with congenital pyriform sinus fistula aged from 11 months to 14 years, with the median age of 5 years, and who were surgically treated from January 2013 to January 2017 in Kunming Children's Hospital.Twenty patients were misdiagnosed in other hospital.After the routine examination of neck ultrasound and enhanced CT, internal fistula was found by self-retaining laryngoscope, traced by methylene blue, and excised by high ligation...
May 7, 2018: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732163/dual-ectopic-thyroid-associated-with-thyroid-hemiagenesis
#5
Shigenori Nakamura, Teruyuki Masuda, Masatoshi Ishimori
We report a case of a 15-year-old girl with a midline neck mass that was first noted 2 or 3 years previously. She had been treated with levothyroxine (L-T4) for congenital hypothyroidism until 11 years of age. Ultrasonography revealed an atrophic right thyroid (1.0 × 1.6 × 2.6 cm in size) and a mass (2.3 × 1.0 × 3.5 cm in size) in the upper part of the neck. No left lobe of the thyroid was detected. On further evaluation, Tc-99m pertechnetate thyroid scintigraphy and CT showed ectopic thyroid tissue in the lingual region and infrahyoid region...
2018: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657025/physical-fitness-adiposity-and-diets-as-surrogate-measures-of-bone-health-in-schoolchildren-a-biochemical-and-cross-sectional-survey-analysis
#6
Ahmad H Alghadir, Sami A Gabr, Ashraf A Rizk
This study aimed to investigate the associations between adiposity, muscular fitness (MF), diet, sun exposure, and physical activity profiles as surrogate measures with bone health status in a sample of schoolchildren aged 8-18 yr old. A total of 250 Egyptian schoolchildren aged 8-18 yr were randomly invited to participate in these cross-sectional survey analyses. Calcaneal broadband ultrasound attenuation (c-BUA), bone mineral density (BMD), and bone formation markers (total calcium, serum bone alkaline phosphatase, and osteocalcin) were measured as markers of bone health...
July 2018: Journal of Clinical Densitometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643626/ratio-of-height-to-thyromental-distance-and-ratio-of-height-to-sternomental-distance-as-predictors-of-laryngoscopic-grade-in-children
#7
Swarup Ray, Shwethapriya Rao, Jasvinder Kaur, Yogesh K Gaude
Background and Aims: Failure to secure the airway is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in children. Children are often uncooperative for routine examination and pose problems for obtaining external measurements. We aimed to evaluate ratio of height-to-thyromental distance (RHTMD) and ratio of height-to-sternomental distance (RHSMD) as predictors of laryngoscopic grade in children aged 1-12 years. Material and Methods: This study was an observational study conducted in children aged between 1 and 12 years scheduled for elective surgery under general anesthesia...
January 2018: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594083/large-parotid-gland-lipoblastoma-in-a-teenager
#8
Danny Jandali, Ashley Heilingoetter, Ritu Ghai, Jill Jeffe, Samer Al-Khudari
Background: Lipoblastomas are rare benign neoplasms that arise from fetal white fat cells. They are typically found in children under the age of 3 and have been reported in the mediastinum, extremities, and infrequently in the head and neck. We present a rare case of a lipoblastoma arising from the parotid gland and the first known report of a parotid lipoblastoma in a teenager. Case presentation: A 15-year-old male presented with a painless, slowly enlarging parotid mass and left facial swelling...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577488/cytomorphology-and-sonographic-features-of-ectopic-thymic-tissue-diagnosed-in-paediatric-fna-biopsies
#9
F A Escobar, L Pantanowitz, J L Picarsic, F E Craig, J P Simons, P A Viswanathan, S Yilmaz, S E Monaco
INTRODUCTION: Ectopic thymic tissue can arise as an asymptomatic neck mass, which may be detected on imaging studies. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of ectopic thymic tissue in paediatric FNAs and to the correlate clinical, radiological and cytomorphological findings. METHODS: FNAs in children with neck and mediastinal lesions performed between January 2012 and July 2016 were reviewed for cases of ectopic thymus. These were then evaluated and correlated with the cytology findings...
June 2018: Cytopathology: Official Journal of the British Society for Clinical Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533276/giant-pilomatricoma-arising-as-a-rapidly-growing-vascularized-tumor-in-a-child
#10
Alexandra Yannoutsos, Julie Malloizel-Delaunay, Emilie Tournier, Abdelaziz Abid, Alessandra Bura-Rivière
In this observation, we report an unusual presentation of a pilomatricoma in an 8-year-old girl who was initially referred to the department of vascular medicine for diagnosis and care of a suspected mixed lymphatic venous malformation. The lesion on her left shoulder presented as a giant bluish-purple red solitary mass, painful and rapidly growing, measuring 7 cm in anteroposterior diameter. This mass did not present the typical characteristics of a lymphatic venous malformation but exhibited warning signs of malignancy on clinical examination and imaging...
February 27, 2018: American Journal of Dermatopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432314/retroperitoneal-angiomatoid-fibrous-histiocytoma-presenting-as-a-recurrent-spontaneous-retroperitoneal-hemorrhage-in-a-9-year-old-boy
#11
Jonathan C Slack, Carlos Sanchez-Glanville, MacGregor Steele, Andrew L Wong, Marie-Anne Bründler
Angiomatoid fibrous histiocytoma (AFH) is a rare soft tissue tumor that typically presents in children and young adults. Occurrence outside of the extremities and the head and neck region is exceedingly rare. We report the case of a 9-year-old boy who presented with recurrent retroperitoneal hemorrhage initially thought to be a manifestation of an underlying bleeding disorder. After comprehensive diagnostic work-up, including multiple negative biopsies, the patient underwent surgical resection of an extensively hemorrhagic intramuscular mass and to date remains well...
May 2018: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428371/survival-outcome-of-intermediate-risk-neuroblastoma-at-children-cancer-hospital-egypt
#12
Hossam Elzomor, Gehad Ahmed, Salma Elmenawi, Naglaa Elkinaai, Amal Refaat, Sonya Soliman, Mai Amr Abdelwahab, Mohamed Saad Zaghloul, Mohamed Fawzy
AIM: The study aims to evaluate survival outcome in newly diagnosed pediatric intermediate risk neuroblastoma patients treated at the Children Cancer Hospital - Egypt and their relation to various clinical and pathological factors. METHODS: The study included stage 3 patients <1.5 years, children 1.5 years or older with stage 3 disease and favorable histopathological features, infants (<1 year) with International Neuroblastoma Staging System (INSS) stage 4 disease, stage 4 children 1-1...
March 2018: Journal of the Egyptian National Cancer Institute
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382377/lateral-cervical-thymic-cyst-in-a-child-a-case-report
#13
F E Hazmiri, F Nachite, D Skandour, A Raji, N Cherif Idrissi El Ganouni, H Rais
BACKGROUND: Cervical thymic cysts are uncommon lesions, rarely considered in the differential diagnosis of neck cysts in children. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a rare case of multiloculated thymic cyst in an 8-year-old boy on the right side of the neck. Perioperative diagnosis was a cystic hygroma. Macroscopic examination showed a cystic mass measuring 6.5 cm in total length. Histopathology of the excised specimen revealed thymic tissue with prominent Hassall's corpuscles associated with multiloculated cyst...
January 30, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374326/investigating-the-bone-mineral-density-in-children-with-solid-tumors-in-southern-iran-a-case-control-study
#14
Forough Saki, Sezaneh Haghpanah, Tahereh Zarei, Mohammad Hossein Dabbaghmanesh, Gholamhossein Ranjbar Omrani, Mohammadreza Bordbar
Along with increasing childhood cancer survival, there is increasing concern about its chronic complications. We showed that 20.5 and 45.9% of children with solid tumors in southern Iran had low bone mass for chronological age in lumbar and femoral area, which was associated with serum ferritin and hemoglobin. 52.4% of these children had vitamin D deficiency, as well. PURPOSE/INTRODUCTION: Along with increasing the childhood cancer survival, there is increasing concern about the chronic complications of the disease and the related therapies...
January 26, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344033/investigating-the-prevalence-of-low-bone-mass-in-children-of-southern-iran-and-its-associated-factors
#15
Forough Saki, Gholamhossein Ranjbar Omrani, Marjan Jeddi, Marzie Bakhshaieshkaram, Mohammad Hossein Dabbaghmanesh
Background: Improving peak bone mass and bone strength in the first years of life and enhancing it during young adulthood could prevent osteoporosis and fractures in the last years of life. We evaluated the prevalence of low bone mass in the lumbar and femoral neck and its associated factors in southern Iranian children. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study on healthy Iranian children aged 9 - 18 years old during 2011 - 2012. Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) was used for measuring bone mineral density (BMD)...
October 2017: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287855/branchial-anomalies-in-children-a-report-of-105-surgical-cases
#16
Wanpeng Li, Hongming Xu, Liming Zhao, Xiaoyan Li
BACKGROUND: Branchial anomalies (BAs) account for 20% of all congenital masses in children. We sought to review the incidence of involvement of individual anomalies, diagnostic methods, surgical treatment, and complications of BAs in children. In addition, we also classified our study and analyzed a congenital lower neck cutaneous fistula near the sternoclavicular joint that was thought to be the skin-side remnant of the fourth BAs. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of 105 children who were referred to our hospital from June 2009 to December 2016 for the treatment of BAs...
January 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287007/bone-mineral-density-of-very-long-term-survivors-after-childhood-liver-transplantation
#17
Looi C Ee, Charlton Noble, Jonathan Fawcett, Geoffrey J Cleghorn
OBJECTIVES: Liver transplant patients are at risk of osteopenia and fractures but limited information is available in long-term survivors after childhood transplantation. This study aimed to assess bone mineral density (BMD) of very long-term, >5 years, survivors after liver transplantation in childhood. METHODS: Patients aged <18 years at transplant, having survived >5 years after transplant were potentially eligible but only those with ongoing review in our state were included...
May 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283939/rabdomyosarcoma-of-the-mandible-an-uncommon-clinical-presentation
#18
Cleverton Roberto de Andrade, Guilherme Dos Santos Trento, Fabiano Jeremias, Elisa Maria Aparecida Giro, Marisa Aparecida Cabrini Gabrielli, Mario Francisco Real Gabrielli, Oslei Paes de Almeida, Valfrido Antonio Pereira-Filho
Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) is the most common soft tissue sarcoma in children and adolescents. Most patients present with a mass in the head and neck region, urogenital region, or with distal extremity involvement. The authors describe a challenging case of a 6-year-old male patient presenting with mandibular RMS. The clinical/radiographic/tomographic evaluations classified the tumor as an advanced stage (stage IV), with a mass of 6.0 cm involving the left side of the mandible and parotid region. The biopsy revealed round, spindled, and pleomorphic cells with hyperchromatic nuclei and rare larger rhabdomyoblasts with eosinophilic cytoplasm...
May 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282554/soccer-helps-build-strong-bones-during-growth-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Gabriel Lozano-Berges, Ángel Matute-Llorente, Alejandro González-Agüero, Alejandro Gómez-Bruton, Alba Gómez-Cabello, Germán Vicente-Rodríguez, José A Casajús
The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of soccer practice on bone in male and female children and adolescents. MEDLINE, PubMed, SPORTDiscus and Web of Science databases were searched for scientific articles published up to and including October 2016. Twenty-seven studies were included in this systematic review (13 in the meta-analysis). The meta-analysis was performed by using OpenMeta[Analyst] software. It is well documented that soccer practice during childhood provides positive effects on bone mineral content (BMC) and density (BMD) compared to sedentary behaviors and other sports, such as tennis, weightlifting, or swimming...
March 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197363/metastatic-retinoblastoma-of-the-parotid-and-submandibular-glands-a-rare-case-report
#20
Ping Wang, Yang-Jun Li, Shao-Bo Zhang, Qi-Lin Cheng, Qiong Zhang, Li-Sha He
BACKGROUND: Retinoblastoma is the most common intraocular malignancy occurring in children. It can metastasize to the regional lymph nodes, central nervous system and distant organs usually the bones and bone marrow and very rarely to the soft tissue. Here, we report a case of unilateral retinoblastoma in a 4-year-old girl accompanied by a large metastasis of the parotid and submandibular glands that developed about 6 months previously and gradually increased in size 5 months after enucleation of the left eye...
December 2, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
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