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Aesthetic medicine

Marlen Sulamanidze, George Sulamanidze, Constantin Sulamanidze
INTRODUCTION: The aesthetic manifestations of the aging process in the cheekbone, cheek and infraorbital areas are especially concerning for patients, so rejuvenating interventions in these areas are most in demand. OBJECTIVE: To introduce the experience of our clinic for aesthetic manipulation using Aptos (anti-ptosis) thread lifting methods in the midface area. METHODS: Among the surgical interventions that we used were Aptos thread lifting methods both in combination with lower blepharoplasty, and without it...
March 12, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Sucharita Boddu, Peter W Hashim, John K Nia, Rebecca Horowitz, Aaron Farberg, Gary Goldenberg
Stem cell therapies are at the forefront of regenerative aesthetic medicine. Multipotent stem cells and induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs), progenitor cells that result from the dedifferentiation of specialized adult cells, have demonstrated promise in tissue regeneration for a wide range of dermatologic conditions and aesthetic applications. Herein, we review the potential of stem cells as a new frontier in aesthetic dermatology.
January 2018: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
Solveig L Hansen
In the traditions of narrative ethics and casuistry, stories have a well-established role. Specifically, illness narratives provide insight into patients' perspectives and histories. However, because they tend to see fiction as an aesthetic endeavour, practitioners in these traditions often do not realize that fictional stories are valuable moral sources of their own. In this paper I employ two arguments to show the mutual relationship between bioethics and fiction, specifically, science fiction. First, both discourses use imagination to set a scene and determine a perspective...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
Roberta Rossini, Giuseppe Tarantini, Giuseppe Musumeci, Giulia Masiero, Emanuele Barbato, Paolo Calabrò, Davide Capodanno, Sergio Leonardi, Maddalena Lettino, Ugo Limbruno, Alberto Menozzi, U O Alfredo Marchese, Francesco Saia, Marco Valgimigli, Walter Ageno, Anna Falanga, Antonio Corcione, Alessandro Locatelli, Marco Montorsi, Diego Piazza, Andrea Stella, Antonio Bozzani, Alessandro Parolari, Roberto Carone, Dominick J Angiolillo
Perioperative management of antithrombotic therapy in patients treated with coronary stents undergoing surgery remains poorly defined. Importantly, surgery represents a common reason for premature treatment discontinuation, which is associated with an increased risk in mortality and major adverse cardiac events. However, maintaining antithrombotic therapy to minimize the incidence of perioperative ischemic complications may increase the risk of bleeding complications. Although guidelines provide some recommendations with respect to the perioperative management of antithrombotic therapy, these have been largely developed according to the thrombotic risk of the patient and a definition of the hemorrhagic risk specific to each surgical procedure, key to defining the trade-off between ischemia and bleeding, is not provided...
March 12, 2018: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
Ulrik Nikolaj Ascanius Felding
Isolated fractures of the orbital floor or medial wall are often referred to as blowout fractures (BOFs). Debilitating double vision and aesthetic deformity may affect the patients' quality of life and daily living skills, for instance, working or driving a car. The management of blowout fractures is, however, challenging, since not all fractures demand surgery. Some patients may have symptoms which subside, or may never develop symptoms. Due to a lack of evidence, there are still considerable differences in opinion on the criteria for surgery...
March 2018: Danish Medical Journal
Francesco D'Andrea, Luca D'Andrea, Ercole Manzi
BACKGROUND: Post-operative oedema and ecchymosis represent early post-operative complications, impacting negatively on the final aesthetic outcome of each surgical procedure. In particular, such complications are very frustrating for patients and-sometimes-are difficult to be managed by surgeons. Several strategies are available for managing oedema, although some side effects have been reported. A new promising compound for the management of oedema is Venoplant, and this study aims to assess its effectiveness in decreasing post-operative oedema...
March 5, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
A Portincasa, E M C Trecca, F Ciancio, L Annacontini, P Bufo, F Fortunato, L Cecchino, D Parisi, M Cassano
Skin and soft tissue reconstruction represents one of the most debated issues of plastic surgery. The advent of regenerative medicine has shown new pathways with the use of lipofilling and dermal regeneration templates. The aim of this study was to investigate the histological and clinical modifications occurring after lipofilling in the areas previously reconstructed with Integra® and an autologous thin dermal-epidermal graft. Histological and immunohistochemical analysis were performed on nine patients to compare skin before and after lipofilling...
January 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
Doaa Andejani, M Amir Mrad
INTRODUCTION: Frontal sinus enlargement has been classified into hypersinus, pneumosinus dilatans and pneumocele. CASE REPORT: A young male presented with aesthetic concerns regarding his forehead swelling. The patient had no functional disturbances. Radiographic assessment proved expansion of the frontal sinus with extreme thinning of the frontal bone. DISCUSSION: The causes of frontal sinus expansion have been listed along with a proposed management plan for each type...
February 28, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Lawrence C Nwabudike
BACKGROUND: Acne vulgaris is a self-limiting disorder of the pilosebaceous unit. The aesthetic aspect of the disorder may provoke depression and diminish the quality of life. A number of agents are used for acne treatment, e.g., retinoids, antibiotics, benzoic acid, azelaic acid, and hormones. These agents have side-effects, sometimes severe ones. CASE REPORTS: Presented are 2 cases of severe acne treated with individualized homeopathic medicines. Both patients were treated using the classical method of homeopathy, i...
2018: Complementary Medicine Research
Bok Ki Jung, In Sik Yun, Young Seok Kim, Tai Suk Roh
INTRODUCTION: Augmentation mammoplasty is one of the most popular aesthetic operations in the world. In Korea, one of the fillers used for breast augmentation is AQUAfilling® gel (Biomedica. spol, s,r,o, Czech Republic). AQUAfilling® gel is a hydrophilic gel composed of 98% sodium chloride solution (0.9%) and 2% cation copolyamide. METHODS: This is a case report describing a patient that suffered complications after AQUAfilling® gel injection for breast augmentation...
February 27, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Cheng Zhang, Xiaoshuang Guo, Xuefeng Han, Yi Tian, Xiaolei Jin
BACKGROUND: Photography plays a pivotal role in patient education, photo-documentation, preoperative planning and postsurgical evaluation in plastic surgeries. It has long been serving as a bridge that facilitated communication not only between patients and doctors, but also among plastic surgeons from different countries. Although several basic principles and photographic methods have been proposed, there is no internationally accepted photography that could provide both static and dynamic information in blepharoplasty...
February 26, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Shelby Brown, Michael Mirmanesh, Ping Song, Demetrius Coombs, David Rengifo, Lee L Q Pu
BACKGROUND: Although many aesthetic surgeons believe that beveling the angle of an incision improves the aesthetic outcome with regard to scaring, the literature remains scarce largely because few studies have been conducted. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review therefore aims to identify whether using a beveled incision adds an aesthetic benefit, to determine whether there is a specific angle that yields a superior outcome, and for the first time, to present a complete discussion of this subject for practicing surgeons...
February 23, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Yifei Gu, Wenxin Yu, Yunbo Jin, Hui Chen, Gang Ma, Shih-Jen Chang, Xiaoxi Lin
Importance: Expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) is a widely used alloplast, but studies of augmentation of the nasal tip and nasal dorsum with ePTFE are lacking. Objective: To investigate whether attaching the conchal cartilage as shield grafts at the distal end of the graft can prevent extrusion and whether the use of ePTFE in the nasal tip can achieve a stable aesthetic outcome. Design, Setting, and Participants: A randomized clinical trial was performed from April 1, 2006, to October 31, 2008...
February 22, 2018: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
Claude Le Louarn
BACKGROUND: Lower eyelid rejuvenation can, unfortunately, induce scleral show even if the lower eyelid procedure is limited. This study was designed to assess the effectiveness and reliability of the concentric malar lift technique in two scenarios: the first, in rejuvenation of the mid-face and, the second, in reconstructive surgery for correction of congenital or acquired eyelids malposition. METHODS: The concentric malar lift technique was first published by Le Louarn (Aesthet Plast Surg 28(6):359-372, 2004)...
February 20, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Alberto M L Caldeira, Kelly Carrión, John Jaulis
BACKGROUND: Abdominoplasty is the most frequently performed surgical procedure for body contour; in our experience, we have observed some patients with prominent bulging that is difficult to treat and that presents results that are unsatisfactory or have recurrences to conventional treatments. This leads us to carry out an analysis of the elements responsible for the containment and abdominal format. We determined that it may be due to an inability of an important sagging aponeurotic muscle of primary origin to support the abdomen and could be caused by predisposing factors...
February 20, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Susan M Squier
Parasites!, a 2010 comic sponsored by the Wellcome Trust Centre for Molecular Parasitology, demonstrates that a graphic narrative can play a role in energizing public debate. Part of the genre known as graphic medicine-comics about illness, treatment, disability, and caregiving-Parasites! is intended to educate readers of all ages about illnesses less known in the developed world. Two visual strategies in particular enable the comic to offer an alternative and aesthetic response to questions about developing drugs to treat tropical diseases for profit...
February 1, 2018: AMA Journal of Ethics
V Tanaydin, J Beugels, A Andriessen, J H Sawor, R R W J van der Hulst
BACKGROUND: Negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) for postsurgical incision treatment has demonstrated benefits. A prospective randomized study was developed including 32 patients who underwent bilateral breast reduction mammoplasty. Patients served as their own control and received NPWT to one breast and fixation strips to the other breast. METHODS: The primary outcome was the number of wound healing complications within 21 days when comparing NPWT treatment with fixation strips...
February 13, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Hongwei Gao
BACKGROUND: Tyrosinase plays a key role in the formation of skin melanin. The excessive accumulation of skin melanin will cause the serious aesthetic problems for human beings. HYPOTHESIS/PURPOSE: To find the potent tyrosinase inhibitors using computational simulation from TCM Database@Taiwan. STUDY DESIGN: Inhibitors of tyrosinase have been thought as potential drugs for the decrease of melanin synthesis in the process of pigmentation. To develop new tyrosinase inhibitors, we performed a virtual screening from Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and Druglike Databases using the best 3D QSAR pharmacophore model as a 3D search query...
January 1, 2018: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
Alina Venete, Eva Trillo-Lumbreras, Vicente-Javier Prado-Gascó, Carlos Bellot-Arcís, José-Manuel Almerich-Silla, José-María Montiel-Company
Background: Awareness of the influence of personality traits such as self-esteem and perfectionism on the aesthetic self-image can help clinicians to improve their patients' satisfaction and quality of life. The main objective of this study was to examine the relationship between self-esteem, perfectionism and the psychosocial impact of dental aesthetics, and their association with gender. Material and Methods: A descriptive-analytical cross-sectional study was conducted in a sample of 301 students of the Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry of the University of Valencia, aged between 18 and 30 years...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
E Calciolari, N Donos
Increased life expectancy and broader restorative dental treatment alternatives for missing teeth have resulted in an increasing request of bone regeneration/augmentation procedures not only in healthy patients, but also in elderly and medically compromised ones. This is also combined with a growing demand for short implant loading protocols and for optimal aesthetic results. In order to meet these new dental needs, personalized treatment strategies tailored on each individual's characteristics and healing profile are warranted...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Proteomics
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