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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156629/reconstruction-of-craniomaxillofacial-bone-defects-using-tissue-engineering-strategies-with-injectable-and-non-injectable-scaffolds
#1
REVIEW
Bipin Gaihre, Suren Uswatta, Ambalangodage C Jayasuriya
Engineering craniofacial bone tissues is challenging due to their complex structures. Current standard autografts and allografts have many drawbacks for craniofacial bone tissue reconstruction; including donor site morbidity and the ability to reinstate the aesthetic characteristics of the host tissue. To overcome these problems; tissue engineering and regenerative medicine strategies have been developed as a potential way to reconstruct damaged bone tissue. Different types of new biomaterials; including natural polymers; synthetic polymers and bioceramics; have emerged to treat these damaged craniofacial bone tissues in the form of injectable and non-injectable scaffolds; which are examined in this review...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Functional Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149474/interventions-for-old-world-cutaneous-leishmaniasis
#2
REVIEW
Julio Heras-Mosteiro, Begoña Monge-Maillo, Mariona Pinart, Patricia Lopez Pereira, Emely Garcia-Carrasco, Pedro Campuzano Cuadrado, Ana Royuela, Irene Mendez Roman, Rogelio López-Vélez
BACKGROUND: Cutaneous leishmaniasis, caused by a parasitic infection, is considered one of the most serious skin diseases in many low- and middle-income countries. Old World cutaneous leishmaniasis (OWCL) is caused by species found in Africa, Asia, the Middle East, the Mediterranean, and India. The most commonly prescribed treatments are antimonials, but other drugs have been used with varying success. As OWCL tends to heal spontaneously, it is necessary to justify the use of systemic and topical treatments...
November 17, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124378/usefulness-of-cross-linked-human-acellular-dermal-matrix-as-an-implant-for-dorsal-augmentation-in-rhinoplasty
#3
Chae Eun Yang, Soo Jung Kim, Ji Hee Kim, Ju Hee Lee, Tai Suk Roh, Won Jai Lee
BACKGROUND: Asian noses are relatively small and flat compared to Caucasians; therefore, rhinoplasty procedures often focus on dorsal augmentation and tip projection rather than reduction in the nasal framework. Various autologous and alloplastic implant materials have been used for dorsal augmentation. Recently, human acellular dermal matrices have been introduced as an implant material for dorsal augmentation, camouflaging autologous implants without an additional donor site. Here, we introduce a cross-linked human acellular dermal matrix as an implant material in augmentation rhinoplasty and share the clinical experiences...
November 9, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101439/male-to-female-sex-reassignment-surgery-using-the-combined-vaginoplasty-technique-satisfaction-of-transgender-patients-with-aesthetic-functional-and-sexual-outcomes
#4
Dmitry Zavlin, Jürgen Schaff, Jean-Daniel Lellé, Kevin T Jubbal, Peter Herschbach, Gerhard Henrich, Benjamin Ehrenberger, Laszlo Kovacs, Hans-Günther Machens, Nikolaos A Papadopulos
BACKGROUND: Currently available patient-reported outcome measures are limited in the field of sex reassignment surgery (SRS). Standardized questionnaires deliver high evidence data on satisfaction of male-to-female (MTF) transgender patients but do not allow any modification in their clinical application. We therefore designed a prospective study using self-developed indication-specific questionnaires to evaluate the aesthetic, functional, and sexual outcomes of MTF patients undergoing SRS...
November 3, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101436/anaplastic-large-cell-lymphoma-associated-with-breast-implants-a-case-report-of-a-transgender-female
#5
Matej Patzelt, Lucie Zarubova, Pavel Klener, Josef Barta, Kamila Benkova, Adrianna Brandejsova, Marek Trneny, Robert Gürlich, Andrej Sukop
Breast implant-associated anaplastic large-cell lymphoma (BIA-ALCL) is a rare peripheral T cell lymphoma. BIA-ALCL is a disease of the fibrous capsule surrounding the implant and occurs in patients after both breast reconstruction and augmentation. More than 300 cases have been reported so far, including two in a transgender patient. Here we describe BIA-ALCL presented with a mass in a transgender patient and the first case of BIA-ALCL in the Czech Republic. In 2007, a 33-year-old transgender male to female underwent bilateral breast augmentation as a part of his transformation to female...
November 3, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098368/what-neurotoxins-have-taught-us-about-the-brow-the-reintroduction-and-review-of-the-transpalpebral-browpexy
#6
Michael Patrick Ogilvie, Julius Warren Few, Alec James Semersky, Natasha Tamagni Kulick, Mary Katherine Vorisek
INTRODUCTION: The use of neuromodulators has grown substantially in our society, particularly in the temporary treatment of brow ptosis. This study revisits the use of the transpalpebral browpexy for upper face and brow rejuvenation in the context of what has been learned from neuromodulators. METHODS: A retrospective review of 97 subjects was conducted who had transpalpebral browpexy performed for lateral brow ptosis. Qualitative degree of brow elevation after the procedure was determined by examining before and after photographs for each patient...
November 2, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089780/tailored-botulinum-toxin-type-a-injections-in-aesthetic-medicine-consensus-panel-recommendations-for-treating-the-forehead-based-on-individual-facial-anatomy-and-muscle-tone
#7
Javier Anido, Daniel Arenas, Cristina Arruabarrena, Alfonso Domínguez-Gil, Carlos Fajardo, Mar Mira, Javier Murillo, Natalia Ribé, Helga Rivera, Sofia Ruiz Del Cueto, Helder Silvestre, Marisa Tirado
BACKGROUND: Facial lines and wrinkles are strongly influenced by individual differences in anatomy and muscle activity and no single injection protocol will suit all patients. However, there is only limited information in the published literature on how to develop a tailored approach to botulinum toxin treatment. METHODS: An expert panel of physicians was convened to establish a consensus on developing an individualized approach to treatment of the forehead with incobotulinumtoxinA...
2017: Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075815/recent-advances-on-the-application-of-negative-pressure-external-volume-expansion-in-breast-plastic-surgery
#8
REVIEW
Wenyue Liu, Jie Luan
BACKGROUND: External volume expansion (EVE) has been effectively applied as an assistance to fat transplantation on breast plastic surgery. Many indicators and refinements have been made in clinical practice; meanwhile, the related mechanism and more optimized preclinical model also have been explored in experimental studies. METHODS: A literature search was conducted using PubMed with the keywords: EVE, negative pressure, breast enlargement, breast augmentation, breast reconstruction, breast plastic surgery and breast aesthetic surgery...
October 26, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067472/a-novel-and-more-aesthetic-injection-pattern-for-malar-cheek-volume-restoration
#9
Ava Shamban, Mike D Clague, Erika von Grote, Alessandra Nogueira
The loss of superior midface contour and projection can be corrected with the use of injectable hyaluronic acid (HA) dermal fillers, however, the most frequently used injection pattern employs a technique which was originally designed for malar implant surgery. Here we describe a novel injection pattern for restoring facial contours with a HA dermal filler inspired by traditional make-up artistry, which includes greater superolateral positioning of injection sites. Importantly, this technique helps injectors avoid creating an excess of volume in the anterior portion of the malar complex...
October 24, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064988/signs-of-facial-aging-in-men-in-a-diverse-multinational-study-timing-and-preventive-behaviors
#10
MULTICENTER STUDY
Anthony M Rossi, Joseph Eviatar, Jeremy B Green, Robert Anolik, Michael Eidelman, Terrence C Keaney, Vic Narurkar, Derek Jones, Julia Kolodziejczyk, Adrienne Drinkwater, Conor J Gallagher
BACKGROUND: Men are a growing patient population in aesthetic medicine and are increasingly seeking minimally invasive cosmetic procedures. OBJECTIVE: To examine differences in the timing of facial aging and in the prevalence of preventive facial aging behaviors in men by race/ethnicity. METHODS: Men aged 18 to 75 years in the United States, Canada, United Kingdom, and Australia rated their features using photonumeric rating scales for 10 facial aging characteristics...
November 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026961/outcome-of-in-situ-septoplasty-and-extracorporeal-subtotal-septal-reconstruction-in-crooked-noses-a-randomized-self-controlled-study
#11
Sercan Gode, Murat Benzer, Mustafa Uslu, Isa Kaya, Rasit Midilli, Bulent Karci
IMPORTANCE: Severe dorsal deviations in crooked noses are treated by either in situ septoplasty with asymmetric spreader grafts (ISS) or extracorporeal subtotal septal reconstruction (ECS). To our knowledge, except one retrospective study, there is no other that compares the objective and subjective results of these two treatment modalities. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the aesthetic and functional outcomes of ECS and ISS in crooked noses. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: This study was carried out on 40 patients (ISS in 20 patients and ECS in 20 patients) who underwent external rhinoplasty surgery due to crooked noses between May 2014 and January 2016...
October 12, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025237/the-role-of-injectables-in-aesthetic-surgery-financial-implications
#12
Bryson G Richards, William F Schleicher, Gehaan F D'Souza, Raymond Isakov, James E Zins
Background: The plastic surgeon competes with both core and noncore physicians and surgeons for traditional cosmetic procedures. In 2007, the American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery (ASAPS) and the American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS) joined efforts to form a Cosmetic Medicine Task Force to further analyze this trend. Objectives: Our objective is to document and quantify the patient capture and total collections generated in a single surgeon's practice exclusive from Botulinum Toxin A and filler injections over a 10-year period...
October 1, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019605/-the-aesthetics-of-degeneration-and-expressions-of-the-alienated-readings-from-j%C3%A3%C2%BAlio-dantas-at-the-rilhafoles-hospital
#13
Stefanie Gil Franco
The proposal of this article is to briefly present how artistic expressions of the alienated appear as a discursive element in medical and critical readings of Júlio Dantas, starting with his thesis, Pintores e poetas de Rilhafolles, which he presented in 1900 as the conclusion to his medicine course in Lisbon. This particularly involves investigating the methods Dantas used in his invested and conceptual propositions on this topic, considering that his interests responded to very specific issues: the characteristics and forms of social degeneration...
July 2017: História, Ciências, Saúde—Manguinhos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016535/botulinum-toxin-in-aesthetic-medicine-myths-and-realities
#14
Jeffrey S Dover, Gary Monheit, Mark Greener, Andy Pickett
BACKGROUND: Several formulations of Botulinum toxin serotype A (BoNT-A) for aesthetic indications are available, with numbers likely to increase. Preparations are not interchangeable, based on dose unit comparisons. OBJECTIVE: Numerous myths and misconceptions regarding the use of BoNT-A for aesthetic indications have arisen, which this review aims to lay to rest. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This review assesses evidence for and against each of the most common myths regarding BoNT use in aesthetics...
October 6, 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958118/-careers-in-plastic-and-aesthetic-surgery-a-review-of-habilitation-and-professorship-of-members-of-the-dgpraec
#15
Seyed Arash Alawi, Lukas Fabian Busch, Anne Limbourg, Maria Boyce, Andreas Jokuszies, Peter M Vogt
Background Over the last few decades plastic and aesthetic surgery careers aimed at holding a chair as head of the department or clinical director. The current career trend shows a drain of academic teaching staff to peripheral hospitals with sole clinical focus. The achievement of a doctorate in German university medicine or obtaining the venia legendi appears to be the termination of academic careers. This brain drain with loss of expertise and scientific output imposes a problem to future progress in clinical and scientific plastic and reconstructive surgery...
September 2017: Handchirurgie, Mikrochirurgie, Plastische Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929172/-beauty-complication-unit
#16
REVIEW
W Harth
A growing market, high demand, and the increasing complexity of cosmetic interventions have led to greater challenges in aesthetic medicine. In the present paper, medical, psychological and sociocultural aspects of possible complications are presented. Difficult situations can occur before, during, or after aesthetic interventions and require specific medical measures. This makes it necessary to set up a special consultation unit for beauty complications that takes into account extended medical and emotional aspects...
September 19, 2017: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921045/-what-is-beauty-manifest-for-an-aesthetic-character-medicine
#17
REVIEW
W Harth
Aesthetic medicine has in recent decades attained a growing social significance and firm place in the medical profession image. In a short time, a variety of technical procedures and processes have been developed and applied by specialized physicians. A further leading medical discussion regarding the central question "What is beauty" is missing compared with the technologically innovative progress. Beauty is characterized by an individual and subjective pleasure. Social media and fashion trends exert a central influence on common beauty ideals and aesthetic medicine...
September 18, 2017: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919134/-the-eyelid-cheek-junction
#18
Ch Volpei, J Fernandez, B Chignon-Sicard
The eyelid-cheek junction is a key area which generates many comments: from looking tired to looking good or rested, without forgetting charm, beauty, and a youthful appearance. In spite of many interesting medical and surgical procedures, treating this area is sometimes difficult and results are not always up to our expectations. Standardized blepharoplasty, which has often been improperly used, has shown its limits. Since the latest refinements, lipostructure has revolutionised blepharoplasty and serving as a reference, it has become an established technique...
October 2017: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916881/a-3d-mammometric-comparison-of-implant-based-breast-reconstruction-with-and-without-acellular-dermal-matrix-adm
#19
Cynthia Tsay, Victor Zhu, Tracy Sturrock, Ajul Shah, Stephanie Kwei
This retrospective study utilizes 3D imaging and mammometrics to compare implant-based breast reconstruction with and without the use of ADM. Previous studies have suggested improved aesthetic outcomes with the use of ADM, but none have been able to quantify this difference. Images were obtained at early and late time points following the expander-implant exchange procedure. Measurements included the point of maximum projection, the superior, inferior, medial and lateral volumetric distribution, and the distance from the point of maximum projection to the inframammary fold along the breast meridian...
September 15, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916849/1000-consecutive-cases-of-laser-assisted-liposuction-utilizing-the-1440%C3%A2-nm-wavelength-nd-yag-laser-assessing-the-safety-and-efficacy
#20
Christopher T Chia, Mark G Albert, Sharon Del Vecchio, Spero J Theodorou
BACKGROUND: Liposuction remains one of the most popular aesthetic surgery procedures performed today, and it has undergone continuous refinements over the past four decades. Advancements in anesthesia, improvements in instrumentation, better understanding of fluid dynamics and the addition of energy to liposuction have led to better outcomes with improved safety and efficacy. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to review 1000 consecutive laser-assisted liposuction (LAL) cases utilizing the 1440 nm wavelength...
September 15, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
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