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Penghui Du, He Zhao, Chenming Liu, Qingguo Huang, Hongbin Cao
The transformation of captopril (CAP), a widely-used thiol drug, was studied with the presence of dissolved model humic constituents (HCs) in a laccase-catalyzed system. Reaction products were analyzed by ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled to time-of-flight mass spectrometry and condensed fukui function computation. CAP reacted with different model HCs in the enzymatic system for 1 h, ranging from 75% (syringic acid) to 96% (p-coumaric acid). In the absence of HCs, only 15% of CAP was removed through self-coupling...
October 14, 2016: Water Research
Xiaotong Cao, Jianquan Luo, John M Woodley, Yinhua Wan
Micro-pollutants present in water have many detrimental effects on the ecosystem. Membrane technology plays an important role in the removal of micro-pollutants but there remain significant challenges such as concentration polarization, membrane fouling and variable permeate quality. The work reported here uses a multifunctional membrane with rejection, adsorption and catalysis functions to solve these problems. Based on mussel-inspired chemistry and biological membrane properties, a multifunctional membrane was prepared by applying 'reverse filtration' of a laccase solution and subsequent 'dopamine coating' on a nanofiltration (NF) membrane support, which was tested on bisphenol A (BPA) removal...
October 21, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Folasade M Olajuyigbe, Cornelius O Fatokun
Functionality of enzymes within narrow pH range and temperature is a major challenge which limits their industrial applications, hence, there is need to search for thermostable pH-versatile enzymes. Here, a novel thermostable pH-versatile laccase from Sporothrix carnis CPF-05 was purified by ion-exchange and gel filtration chromatography. Single protein band on sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) confirmed homogeneity of the enzyme with molecular weight of 56kDa. Enzyme yield was 3...
October 17, 2016: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
M Jasmin Fathi Jasni, Palanivel Sathishkumar, Sundaram Sornambikai, Abdull Rahim Mohd Yusoff, Fuad Ameen, Nor Aziah Buang, Mohammed Rafiq Abdul Kadir, Zulkifli Yusop
In this study, laccase was immobilized on nylon 6,6/Fe(3+) composite (NFC) nanofibrous membrane and used for the detoxification of 3,3'-dimethoxybenzidine (DMOB). The average size and tensile strength of the NFC membrane were found to be 60-80 nm (diameter) and 2.70 MPa, respectively. The FTIR results confirm that the amine (N-H) group of laccase was attached with Fe(3+) particles and the carbonyl (C=O) group of NFC membrane via hydrogen bonding. The half-life of the laccase-NFC membrane storage stability was increased from 6 to 11 weeks and the reusability was significantly extended up to 43 cycles against ABTS oxidation...
October 18, 2016: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
Shubhangi Rastogi, Raman Soni, Jaspreet Kaur, Sanjeev Kumar Soni
A natural variant of Pyrenophora phaeocomes isolated from natural biodiversity was able to grow on various agricultural residues by co-producing laccase, xylanase and mannanase. Solid state fermentation of rice straw induced the highest productivities corresponding to 10,859.51±46.74, 22.01±1.00 and 10.45±0.128IUgds(-1) for laccase, xylanase and mannanase respectively after 4days. Besides producing the ligno-hemicellulolytic enzyme cocktail, 40days cultivation of P. phaeocomes S-1 on rice straw brought about the 63 and 51% degradation of lignin and hemicellulose...
October 5, 2016: Bioresource Technology
Farshad Darvishi, Marzieh Moradi, Catherine Madzak, Claude Jolivalt
Laccases are used in numerous applications, from green degradation of various xenobiotic compounds, waste detoxification, textile dye bleaching, and delignification of lignocellulose materials to biofuel production. In this study, the recombinant Yarrowia lipolytica YL4 strain carrying the white-rot fungus Trametes versicolor laccase IIIb gene was used for laccase production from beet molasses as an agro-industrial residue. Response surface methodology was used to statistical optimization of the production of laccase by Y...
October 15, 2016: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Christian Hernández, Anne-Marie Farnet Da Silva, Fabio Ziarelli, Isabelle Perraud-Gaime, Beatriz Gutiérrez-Rivera, José Antonio García-Pérez, Enrique Alarcón
The use of synthetic dyes for laccase induction in vivo has been scarcely explored. We characterized the effect of adding different synthetic dyes to liquid cultures of Pycnoporus sanguineus on laccase production. We found that carminic acid (CA) can induce 722 % and alizarin yellow 317 % more laccase than control does, and they promoted better fungal biomass development in liquid cultures. Aniline blue and crystal violet did not show such positive effect. CA and alizarin yellow were degraded up to 95 % during P...
October 14, 2016: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Xiang Guo, Shan Zhou, Yanwei Wang, Jinlong Song, Huimin Wang, Delong Kong, Jie Zhu, Weiwei Dong, Mingxiong He, Guoquan Hu, Zhiyong Ruan
Laccases are green biocatalysts that possess attractive advantages for the treatment of resistant environmental pollutants and dye effluents. A putative laccase-like gene, laclK, encoding a protein of 29.3 kDa and belonging to the Cu-oxidase_4 superfamily, was cloned and overexpressed in Escherichia coli. The purified recombinant protein LaclK (LaclK) was able to oxidize typical laccase substrates such as 2,6-dimethoxyphenol and l-dopamine. The characteristic adsorption maximums of typical laccases at 330 nm and 610 nm were not detected for LaclK...
2016: PloS One
Felipe de Salas, Isabel Pardo, Horacio J Salavagione, Pablo Aza, Eleni Amougi, Jesper Vind, Angel T Martínez, Susana Camarero
Polyaniline is a conductive polymer with distinctive optical and electrical properties. Its enzymatic synthesis is an environmentally friendly alternative to the use of harsh oxidants and extremely acidic conditions. 7D5L, a high-redox potential laccase developed in our lab, is the biocatalyst of choice for the synthesis of green polyaniline (emeraldine salt) due to its superior ability to oxidize aniline and kinetic stability at the required polymerization conditions (pH 3 and presence of anionic surfactants) as compared with other fungal laccases...
2016: PloS One
Tian-Nyu Wang, Min Zhao
Laccases are green oxidases with a number of potential industrial applications. In this study, recombinant Bacillus subtilis CotA laccase was secreted by Escherichia coli via both the α-hemolysin secretion system and the YebF secretion system after microaerobic induction. Meanwhile, we discovered a much simpler approach for extracellular production of recombinant CotA laccase from E. coli, involving alternation of induction conditions to release recombinant CotA following intracellular expression. By optimizing the induction parameters, the extracellular yield of recombinant CotA laccase was improved from 157...
October 13, 2016: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Li Qiao, Xia Wang, Yawei Gao, Qingcong Wei, Wen Hu, Lei Wu, Pei Li, Rongrong Zhu, Qigang Wang
In this work, we designed a new hybrid nanogel with redox responsive polymer gel shells and mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) cores via laccase-mediated radical polymerization. The successful coating of the responsive gel shells on the MSNs was confirmed by the morphology and increased diameters of the particles as determined by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and dynamic light scattering (DLS). As observed by scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM) and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), the presence of the element S around the MSNs further confirmed the formation of the gel shell...
October 6, 2016: Nanoscale
Verónica Garrido-Bazán, Maura Téllez-Téllez, Alfredo Herrera-Estrella, Gerardo Díaz-Godínez, Soley Nava-Galicia, Miguel Ángel Villalobos-López, Analilia Arroyo-Becerra, Martha Bibbins-Martínez
This research was conducted to extend the knowledge on the differential regulation of laccase genes in response to dyes. In order to accomplish this, we analyzed both, the expression of five laccase genes by real time RT-qPCR, and also the laccase activity and isoforms patterns during the time-course of a Pleurotus ostreatus submerged fermentation supplemented with either acetyl yellow G (AYG) or remazol brilliant blue R (RBBR) dyes. For the purpose of obtaining a stable reference gene for optimal normalization of RT-quantitative PCR gene expression assays, we tested four candidate reference genes...
December 2016: AMB Express
Elena P Vetchinkina, Ekaterina A Loshchinina, Ilya R Vodolazov, Viktor F Kursky, Lev A Dykman, Valentina E Nikitina
The work shows the ability of cultured Basidiomycetes of different taxonomic groups-Lentinus edodes, Pleurotus ostreatus, Ganoderma lucidum, and Grifola frondosa-to recover gold, silver, selenium, and silicon, to elemental state with nanoparticles formation. It examines the effect of these metal and metalloid compounds on the parameters of growth and accumulation of biomass; the optimal cultivation conditions and concentrations of the studied ion-containing compounds for recovery of nanoparticles have been identified...
October 7, 2016: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Justine J Roberts, Pratibha Naudiyal, Khoon S Lim, Laura A Poole-Warren, Penny J Martens
BACKGROUND: Dityrosine crosslinking in proteins is a bioinspired method of forming hydrogels. This study compares oxidative enzyme initiators for their relative crosslinking efficiency and cytocompatibility using the same phenol group and the same material platform. Four common enzyme and enzyme-like oxidative initiators were probed for resulting material properties and cell viability post-encapsulation. RESULTS: All four initiators can be used to form phenol-crosslinked hydrogels, however gelation rates are dependent on enzyme type, concentration, and the oxidant...
2016: Biomaterials Research
Aleksandra Janoševic Ležaić, Sandra Luginbühl, Danica Bajuk-Bogdanović, Igor Pašti, Reinhard Kissner, Boris Rakvin, Peter Walde, Gordana Ćirić-Marjanović
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 30, 2016: Scientific Reports
Rita Terezinha de Oliveira Carneiro, Maíza Alves Lopes, Marília Lordelo Cardoso Silva, Verônica da Silva Santos, Volnei Brito de Souza, Aurizangela Oliveira de Sousa, Carlos Priminho Pirovani, Maria Gabriela Bello Koblitz, Raquel Guimarães Benevides, Aristóteles Góes-Neto
White-rot basidiomycetes are the organisms that decompose lignin most efficiently and Trametes villosa is a promising species for the ligninolytic enzymes production. There are several publications on Trametes villosa applications for lignin degradation regarding the expression and secretion of laccase (Lac) and manganese peroxidase (MnP) but no reports on the identification and characterization of lignin peroxidase (LiP), a relevant enzyme for the efficient breaking down of lignin. The object of this study was to identify and partially characterize, for the first time, gDNA, mRNA and the corresponding lignin peroxidase (TvLiP) protein from a strain of Trametes villosa CCMB561 from the Brazilian semi-arid region...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
Diana M Mate, Miguel Alcalde
Laccases are multicopper containing enzymes capable of performing one electron oxidation of a broad range of substrates. Using molecular oxygen as the final electron acceptor, they release only water as a by-product, and as such, laccases are eco-friendly, versatile biocatalysts that have generated an enormous biotechnological interest. Indeed, this group of enzymes has been used in different industrial fields for very diverse purposes, from food additive and beverage processing to biomedical diagnosis, and as cross-linking agents for furniture construction or in the production of biofuels...
October 3, 2016: Microbial Biotechnology
Ana Bucić-Kojić, Gordana Šelo, Bruno Zelić, Mirela Planinić, Marina Tišma
Corn silage is used as high-energy forage for dairy cows and more recently for biogas production in a process of anaerobic co-digestion with cow manure. In this work, fresh corn silage after the harvest was used as a substrate in solid-state fermentations with T. versicolor with the aim of phenolic acid recovery and enzyme (laccase and manganese peroxidase) production. During 20 days of fermentation, 10.4-, 3.4-, 3.0-, and 1.8-fold increments in extraction yield of syringic acid, vanillic acid, p-hydroxybenzoic acid, and caffeic acid, respectively, were reached when compared to biologically untreated corn silage...
September 30, 2016: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Vimal Kumar Balasubramanian, Krishan Mohan Rai, Sandi Win Thu, Mei Mei Hii, Venugopal Mendu
The single-celled cotton fibers, produced from seed coat epidermal cells are the largest natural source of textile fibers. The economic value of cotton fiber lies in its length and quality. The multifunctional laccase enzymes play important roles in cell elongation, lignification and pigmentation in plants and could play crucial role in cotton fiber quality. Genome-wide analysis of cultivated allotetraploid (G. hirsutum) and its progenitor diploid (G. arboreum and G. raimondii) cotton species identified 84, 44 and 46 laccase genes, respectively...
September 29, 2016: Scientific Reports
Harsimran Kaur, Shammi Kapoor, Gaganjyot Kaur
Lindane, a broad-spectrum organochlorine pesticide, has caused a widespread environmental contamination along with other pesticides due to wrong agricultural practices. The high efficiency, sustainability and eco-friendly nature of the bioremediation process provide an edge over traditional physico-chemical remediation for managing pesticide pollution. In the present study, lindane degradation was studied by using a white-rot fungus, Ganoderma lucidum GL-2 strain, grown on rice bran substrate for ligninolytic enzyme induction at 30 °C and pH 5...
October 2016: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
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