keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Laccase

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343119/synergistically-enhanced-stability-of-laccase-immobilized-on-synthesized-silver-nanoparticles-with-water-soluble-polymers
#1
M N M Cunha, H P Felgueiras, I Gouveia, A Zille
Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) were synthesized by citrate reduction method in the presence of polymers, poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG), poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) and chitosan, used as stabilizing agents, and an oxidoreductase enzyme, laccase (Lac), with the goal of expanding the NPs antimicrobial action. AgNPs were characterized by UV-vis spectrometry, dynamic light scattering and transmission electron microscopy. As protecting agents, PEG and PVA promoted the formation of spherical uniformly-shaped, small-sized, monodispersed AgNPs (≈20nm)...
March 12, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330374/recent-developments-in-the-use-of-tyrosinase-and-laccase-in-environmental-applications
#2
Sidy Ba, Vaidyanathan Vinoth Kumar
Our current global environmental challenges include the reduction of harmful chemicals and their derivatives. Bioremediation has been a key strategy to control the massive presence of chemicals in the environment. Enzymes including the phenoloxidases, laccases and tyrosinases, are increasingly being investigated as "green products" in the removal of many chemical contaminants in waters and soils. Both phenoloxidases are widespread in nature and attractive biocatalysts due to their ability to use readily available molecular oxygen as sole cofactor for their catalytic elimination of a large number of chemicals...
March 22, 2017: Critical Reviews in Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330307/effect-of-particle-size-moisture-content-and-supplements-on-selective-pretreatment-of-cotton-stalks-by-daedalea-flavida-and-enzymatic-saccharification
#3
Harmanpreet Meehnian, Asim K Jana, Mithu Maiti Jana
A large amount of cotton stalk waste biomass with high cellulose content are incinerated by the farmers causing air pollution. The high cellulose content of cotton stalks can be converted to fermentable sugars by fungal delignification pretreatment of lignocellulosic biomass and enzymatic saccharification. The effect of particle size, moisture content, and media supplements was studied for delignification of cotton stalks by Daedalea flavida MTCC 145 (DF-2) in solid-state fermentation. The highest lignolytic enzyme activities, optimal lignin degradation 29...
December 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330261/purification-and-characterization-of-laccase-from-marasmius-species-bbkav79-and-effective-decolorization-of-selected-textile-dyes
#4
A B Vantamuri, B B Kaliwal
A novel laccase-producing white-rot fungus, Marasmius sp. BBKAV79 (Genbank Accession Number-KP455496, KP455497), was isolated and subjected to purification, characterization and dye decolorization study. The purified enzyme was obtained with a specific activity of 0.226 U mg(-1) protein and a final yield of 13.5 %. The enzyme was found to be a monomeric protein with a molecular mass of ~75 kDa as estimated by non-denaturing polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE) and further confirmed with zymogram analysis...
December 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330177/pseudomonas-extremorientalis-bu118-a-new-salt-tolerant-laccase-secreting-bacterium-with-biotechnological-potential-in-textile-azo-dye-decolourization
#5
Mohamed Neifar, Habib Chouchane, Mouna Mahjoubi, Atef Jaouani, Ameur Cherif
The present investigation focused on screening of a new potent strain for laccase production and optimizing the process parameters to achieve the maximum enzymatic decolourization of textile azo dye Congo red. Seven hydrocarbonoclastic bacterial strains were selected as positive in laccase production in solid medium using 2,6 dimethoxyphenol as an enzyme activity indicator. The best enzyme producer Pseudomonas extremorientalis BU118 showed a maximum laccase activity of about 7000 U/L of wheat bran under solid-state conditions...
June 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330126/characterization-of-lignin-degrading-enzymes-ldes-from-a-dimorphic-novel-fungus-and-identification-of-products-of-enzymatic-breakdown-of-lignin
#6
Lipin Dev Mundur Sahadevan, Chandra Shekhar Misra, V Thankamani
Lignin is a major component of all plants, the degradation of which remains a major challenge to date owing to its recalcitrant nature. Several classes of fungi have been studied to carry out this process to some extent, but overall the process remains inefficient. We have isolated a novel alkalophilic dimorphic lignin-degrading Deuteromycete from soil, identified as "uncultured" and coded as MVI.2011. Supernatant from 12-h culture of MVI.2011 in optimized mineral medium containing lignin pH 9.0 was analysed for Lignin Peroxidase, Manganese Peroxidase and Laccase...
June 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330115/phylogenetic-and-metabolic-diversity-of-tunisian-forest-wood-degrading-fungi-a-wealth-of-novelties-and-opportunities-for-biotechnology
#7
Dalel Daâssi, Héla Zouari-Mechichi, Lassaad Belbahri, Jorge Barriuso, María Jesús Martínez, Moncef Nasri, Tahar Mechichi
In this study, 51 fungal strains were isolated from decaying wood samples collected from forests located in the Northwest of Tunisia in the vicinity of Bousalem, Ain Draham and Kef. Phylogenetic analysis based on the sequences of the internal transcribed spacers of the ribosomal DNA showed a high diversity among the 51 fungal isolates collection. Representatives of 25 genera and 29 species were identified, most of which were members of one of the following phyla (Ascomycota, Basidiomycota and Zygomycota). In addition to the phylogenetic diversity, a high diversity of secreted enzyme profiles was also detected among the fungal isolates...
June 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330085/bioprospecting-and-biotechnological-applications-of-fungal-laccase
#8
REVIEW
Pooja Upadhyay, Rahul Shrivastava, Pavan Kumar Agrawal
Laccase belongs to a small group of enzymes called the blue multicopper oxidases, having the potential ability of oxidation. It belongs to enzymes, which have innate properties of reactive radical production, but its utilization in many fields has been ignored because of its unavailability in the commercial field. There are diverse sources of laccase producing organisms like bacteria, fungi and plants. In fungi, laccase is present in Ascomycetes, Deuteromycetes, Basidiomycetes and is particularly abundant in many white-rot fungi that degrade lignin...
June 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327772/the-fate-and-transformation-of-tetrabromobisphenol-a-in-natural-waters-mediated-by-oxidoreductase-enzymes
#9
Yiping Feng, Kun Lu, Shixiang Gao, Liang Mao
In this study, we examined the fate and transformation of tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA), mediated by the representative oxidoreductases (laccase and horseradish peroxidase (HRP)) in natural waters. Both enzymes could readily degrade TBBPA at environmentally relevant concentrations (e.g., 10 nmol L(-1)) in natural waters. After 2 hour treatment, 0.5-25% and 35-65% of TBBPA were degraded in municipal wastewater and natural surface waters by a laccase or HRP-catalyzed reaction, respectively. Enzyme kinetics evaluations indicated that the kCAT/KM ratio of HRP (1...
March 22, 2017: Environmental Science. Processes & Impacts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324257/decolorization-of-complex-dyes-and-textile-effluent-by-extracellular-enzymes-of-cyathus-bulleri-cultivated-on-agro-residues-domestic-wastes-and-proposed-pathway-of-degradation-of-kiton-blue-a-and-reactive-orange-16
#10
Arpita Vats, Saroj Mishra
In this study, the white-rot fungus Cyathus bulleri was cultivated on low-cost agro-residues, namely wheat bran (WB), wheat straw (WS), and domestic waste orange peel (OP) for production of ligninolytic enzymes. Of the three substrates, WB and OP served as good materials for the production of laccase with no requirement of additional carbon or nitrogen source. Specific laccase activity of 94.4 U mg(-1) extracellular protein and 21.01 U mg(-1) protein was obtained on WB and OP, respectively. Maximum decolorization rate of 13...
March 21, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319022/recovery-of-lignin-peroxidase-from-submerged-liquid-fermentation-of-amauroderma-rugosum-blume-t-nees-torrend-using-polyethylene-glycol-salt-aqueous-two-phase-system
#11
Wan Yng Linda Jong, Pau Loke Show, Tau Chuan Ling, Yee Shin Tan
Amauroderma rugosum is a wild mushroom species widely distributed in tropics and is classified under the class of Basidiomycetes. Basidiomycetes are well-known for their abilities of producing lignocellulolytic enzymes such as lignin peroxidase (LiP), laccase (Lac) and manganese peroxidase (MnP). Different factors such as nutrient sources, incubation period and agitation affect the production of lignocellulolytic enzymes. The A. rugosum produced LiP in the medium supplemented with potato dextrose broth (PDB), 0...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314922/identification-of-a-novel-copper-activated-and-halide-tolerant-laccase-in-geobacillus-thermopakistaniensis
#12
Saadia Basheer, Naeem Rashid, Raza Ashraf, Muhammad Sohail Akram, Masood Ahmed Siddiqui, Tadayuki Imanaka, Muhammad Akhtar
Genome search of Geobacillus thermopakistaniensis, formerly Geobacillus sp. SBS-4S, revealed the presence of an open reading frame (ESU71923) annotated as laccase. However, the gene product did not display any laccase-like activity against the substrates examined. The laccase activity was, therefore, purified from G. thermopakistaniensis cells and N-terminal amino acid residues of the enzyme were determined. These residues matched the N-terminal sequence of an open reading frame annotated as a copper oxidase (ESU72270)...
March 17, 2017: Extremophiles: Life Under Extreme Conditions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303123/trichoderma-asperellum-t42-and-pseudomonas-fluorescens-okc-enhances-resistance-of-pea-against-erysiphe-pisi-through-enhanced-ros-generation-and-lignifications
#13
Jai S Patel, Ravindra N Kharwar, Harikesh B Singh, Ram S Upadhyay, Birinchi K Sarma
Plant signaling mechanisms are not completely understood in plant-fungal biotrophic pathogen interactions. Further how such interactions are influenced by compatible rhizosphere microbes are also not well-studied. Therefore, we explored the pea-Erysiphe pisi (obligate biotroph) system to understand the interaction and applied compatible rhizospheric bio-agents Trichoderma asperellum (T42) and Pseudomonas fluorescens (OKC) singly or in combination to assess their influence on the host while under the pathogen challenge...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293229/fungal-root-microbiome-from-healthy-and-brittle-leaf-diseased-date-palm-trees-phoenix-dactylifera-l-reveals-a-hidden-untapped-arsenal-of-antibacterial-and-broad-spectrum-antifungal-secondary-metabolites
#14
Fedia B Mefteh, Amal Daoud, Ali Chenari Bouket, Faizah N Alenezi, Lenka Luptakova, Mostafa E Rateb, Adel Kadri, Neji Gharsallah, Lassaad Belbahri
In this study, we aimed to explore and compare the composition, metabolic diversity and antimicrobial potential of endophytic fungi colonizing internal tissues of healthy and brittle leaf diseased (BLD) date palm trees (Phoenix dactylifera L.) widely cultivated in arid zones of Tunisia. A total of 52 endophytic fungi were isolated from healthy and BLD roots of date palm trees, identified based on internal transcribed spacer-rDNA sequence analysis and shown to represent 13 species belonging to five genera. About 36...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285895/transcriptomic-analysis-of-basidiocarp-development-in-ustilago-maydis-dc-cda
#15
C G León-Ramírez, J L Cabrera-Ponce, D Martínez-Soto, A Sánchez-Arreguin, E T Aréchiga-Carvajal, J Ruiz-Herrera
Previously, we demonstrated that when Ustilago maydis (DC) Cda., a phytopathogenic basidiomycete and the causal agent of corn smut, is grown in the vicinity of maize embryogenic calli in a medium supplemented with the herbicide Dicamba, it developed gastroid-like basidiocarps. To elucidate the molecular mechanisms involved in the basidiocarp development by the fungus, we proceeded to analyze the transcriptome of the process, identifying a total of 2002 and 1064 differentially expressed genes at two developmental stages, young and mature basidiocarps, respectively...
March 7, 2017: Fungal Genetics and Biology: FG & B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284151/simultaneous-decolorization-of-sulfonated-azo-dyes-and-reduction-of-hexavalent-chromium-under-high-salt-condition-by-a-newly-isolated-salt-tolerant-strain-bacillus-circulans-bwl1061
#16
Weijie Liu, Cong Liu, Liang Liu, Yanting You, Jihong Jiang, Zhengkun Zhou, Zhen Dong
The co-existence of dyes, Cr(VI) and high concentration of salt in dyeing wastewater causes serious and complex environmental problems. In this study, a salt-tolerant strain Bacillus circulans BWL1061 was reported to simultaneously remove 50mg/L methyl orange and 50mg/L Cr(VI) under the anaerobic condition with 60g/L NaCl. During the decolorization process, the Cr(VI) reduction occurred preferentially over the dye decolorization due to the dominate utilization of electron by Cr(VI). The analysis of enzyme activities suggested that azoreductase, NADH-DCIP reductase, and laccase were associated with decolorization of methyl orange...
March 8, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282052/a-synthetic-redox-biofilm-made-from-metalloprotein-prion-domain-chimera-nanowires
#17
Lucie Altamura, Christophe Horvath, Saravanan Rengaraj, Anaëlle Rongier, Kamal Elouarzaki, Chantal Gondran, Anthony L B Maçon, Charlotte Vendrely, Vincent Bouchiat, Marc Fontecave, Denis Mariolle, Patrice Rannou, Alan Le Goff, Nicolas Duraffourg, Michael Holzinger, Vincent Forge
Engineering bioelectronic components and set-ups that mimic natural systems is extremely challenging. Here we report the design of a protein-only redox film inspired by the architecture of bacterial electroactive biofilms. The nanowire scaffold is formed using a chimeric protein that results from the attachment of a prion domain to a rubredoxin (Rd) that acts as an electron carrier. The prion domain self-assembles into stable fibres and provides a suitable arrangement of redox metal centres in Rd to permit electron transport...
February 2017: Nature Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279883/comprehensive-analysis-of-degradation-and-accumulation-of-ametryn-in-soils-and-in-wheat-maize-ryegrass-and-alfalfa-plants
#18
Ying Liu, Li Ya Ma, Yi Chen Lu, Shuang Shuang Jiang, Hong Jin Wu, Hong Yang
Ametryn is a selective herbicide belonging to the triazine family and widely used for killing annual grasses or weeds in China and other parts of the world. However, reports on its environmental risk assessment with regard to soil and crop contamination are limited. In this study, accumulation of ametryn in wheat, maize, ryegrass and alfalfa crops along with ametryn residues in the soil planted with the plants were comparatively investigated. Soil enzyme activities and low molecular weight organic acids (LMWOAs), as well as antioxidant and degradation enzyme activities in plant tissues were measured...
March 6, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278092/removal-of-acetaminophen-in-water-by-laccase-immobilized-in-barium-alginate
#19
Karnika Ratanapongleka, Supot Punbut
Acetaminophen (APAP) is a widely used analgesic drug. The quantities of acetaminophen excreted from human body via urine and feces are increasingly discharged into wastewaters from hospitals and household as well as found in wastewater from pharmaceutical production processes. This research has focused on the optimization of immobilized laccase condition and utilization in degradation of acetaminophen contaminated in aqueous. Laccase from Lentinus polychrous was immobilized in barium alginate. The effects of laccase immobilization such as sodium alginate concentration, barium chloride concentration and gelation time were studied...
March 1, 2017: Environmental Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278087/laccase-immobilized-dendritic-nanofibrous-membranes-as-a-novel-approach-towards-the-removal-of-bisphenol-a
#20
Lebohang E Koloti, Nonjabulo P Gule, Omotayo A Arotiba, Soraya P Malinga
Laccase enzymes from Rhus vernificera were covalently bound on hyperbranched polyethyleneimine/polyethersulfone (HPEI/PES) electrospun nanofibrous membranes and used for the removal of bisphenol A (BPA) from water. The laccase enzyme was anchored on the dendritic membranes through the abundant peripheral amine groups on the hyperbranched polyethyleneimine (HPEI) using glutaraldehyde as a cross-linker. The membranes were characterised with attenuated total reflectance-Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy coupled with energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM-EDS) and ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis) spectroscopy and correlative light and electron microscopy (CLEM)...
March 2, 2017: Environmental Technology
keyword
keyword
16243
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"