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Ruyi Wang, Xiaodong Li, Lu Wang, Xirui Zhao, Guangcheng Yang, Aidong Li, Congping Wu, Qing Shen, Yong Zhou, Zhigang Zou
ZnO/CdS-based nanorod arrays (NRs) are an excellent class of photoanode materials, which possess high photoelectric response for solar-driven water splitting. A highly efficient photoanode system consisting of Al-doped ZnO NRs as effective electron-transfer layers and CdS as a light harvesting layer was rationally designed. Al doping increased the conductivity of ZnO NRs and simultaneously coarsened the surface of ZnO due to expansion of ZnO lattice. The rough surface favoured the growth of a CdS coating layer on it through a successive ionic layer adsorption reaction...
October 16, 2018: Nanoscale
Tarun Prabhala, Shelby Sabourin, Marisa DiMarzio, Michael Gillogly, Julia Prusik, Julie G Pilitsis
OBJECTIVE: Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) has been shown to be effective in treating chronic pain in patients with varying etiologies. However, the impact of pharmacological treatment on augmenting response to SCS has not been previously studied. METHODS: We enrolled 108 patients who had undergone SCS surgery and documented their pain preoperatively and at 12 months postoperatively using the Numeric Rating Scale (NRS), McGill Pain Questionnaire (MPQ), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS), and Global Impression of Change (GIC)...
October 16, 2018: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
Grażyna Cepuch, Agnieszka Kruszecka-Krówka, Agnieszka Gniadek, Marta Daszuta, Maria Kózka
Regardless of the phase, Crohn's disease, especially in the group of adolescents, may reduce the quality of life and prevent patients from fulfilling roles assigned to this stage of development. Aim of the study: The assessment of the quality of life and its potential predictors. Methods: The study included 65 people of both sexes with Crohn's disease aged from 13 to 18 years. The result of the evaluation of therapeutic effectiveness and the activity of the disease in the study group was below 150-220 CDAI points...
October 16, 2018: Anthropologischer Anzeiger; Bericht über die Biologisch-anthropologische Literatur
Dariusch Arbab, Katharina Kuhlmann, Christoph Schnurr, Christian Lüring, Dietmar König, Bertil Bouillon
BACKGROUND: Patient-reported outcome measures are a critical tool in evaluating the efficacy of orthopedic procedures. The intention of this study was to compare the psychometric properties of the Manchester-Oxford Foot Questionnaire (MOXFQ) and the Self-Reported Foot and Ankle Outcome Score (SEFAS) in patients with foot or ankle surgery. METHODS: 177 patients completed both scores and FAOS, Foot and Ankle Outcome Score (FAOS), Short Form 36 (SF-36) and numeric scales for pain and disability (NRS) before and after surgery...
February 9, 2018: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Zi Xuan Wang, Lin Li, Feng Ying Tao
Aim: Psychological intervention has been proved a complementary approach to drug analgesia. Another study suggested that health knowledge is associated with psychological symptoms in patients with liver cancer. This study is conducted to assess whether improving the health education (HE) alleviates the postembolization pain during transarterial chemoembolization (TACE). Materials and methods: One hundred and fifteen patients, who required TACE for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and suffered postembolization pain, were randomized into control group (n=63) and HE group (n=52)...
2018: Journal of Pain Research
Y Okubo, T Mabuchi, K Iwatsuki, H Elmaraghy, H Torisu-Itakura, Y Morisaki, K Nakajo
BACKGROUND: Erythrodermic and generalized pustular psoriasis are rare, difficult to treat forms of psoriasis. In previous reports, we documented 24- and 52-week findings of an open-label, phase 3 trial (UNCOVER-J) of ixekizumab in Japanese patients with erythrodermic or generalized pustular psoriasis; most patients responded to treatment and maintained response through 52 weeks. OBJECTIVE: To assess the long-term (>3 years) efficacy and safety of ixekizumab in Japanese patients with erythrodermic or generalized pustular psoriasis...
October 14, 2018: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
Andrée-Anne Marchand, Charles Tétreau, Julie OʼShaughnessy, Martin Descarreaux
STUDY DESIGN: Observational prospective study. OBJECTIVE: The study objective was to assess the reliability and validity of the French-Canadian version (FCSSSQ) of the Swiss Spinal Stenosis questionnaire (SSSQ). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The SSSQ is a validated disease-specific tool developed to assess pain, function and satisfaction with care in patients with lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS). METHODS: The French-Canadian translation and adaptation of the SSSQ was completed following a 4-stage approach: (1) forward translation; (2) synthesis; (3) expert committee review; and (4) testing of the questionnaire prefinal version...
October 11, 2018: Spine
Lakshminarayana Polavarapu, Yu Tong, Ming Fu, Eva Bladt, He Huang, Alexander F Richter, Kun Wang, Peter Müller-Buschbaum, Sara Bals, Philippe Tamarat, Brahim Lounis, Jochen Feldmann
Post-synthetic shape-transformation processes provide access to colloidal nanocrystal morphologies that are unattainable by direct synthetic routes. Herein, we report our finding about the ligand-induced fragmentation of CsPbBr3 perovskite nanowires (NWs) into low aspect-ratio CsPbX3 (X=Cl, Br and I) nanorods (NRs) during halide ion exchange reaction with PbX2-ligand solution. The shape transformation of NWs-to-NRs resulted in an increase of photoluminescence efficiency owing to a decrease of nonradiative decay rates...
October 12, 2018: Angewandte Chemie
Vivek Nama, Georgios Angelopoulos, Jeremy Twigg, John B Murdoch, Jo Bailey, Theresa A Lawrie
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is the fourth most common cancer in women, with 528,000 estimated new cases globally in 2012. A large majority (around 85%) of the disease burden occurs in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), where it accounts for almost 12% of all female cancers. Treatment of stage IB2 cervical cancers, which sit between early and advanced disease, is controversial. Some centres prefer to treat these cancers by radical hysterectomy, with chemoradiotherapy reserved for those at high risk of recurrence...
October 12, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Cumhur Murat Tulay, Sadik Yaldiz, Adnan Bilge
Introduction: The duration of pain after rib fracture is the question physicians are most frequently asked. The duration of pain following a traumatic rib fracture without any comorbidity is not widely published. Aim: We report our experience to investigate the duration of pain following isolated traumatic rib fractures without any traumatic comorbidity. Material and methods: We examined 182 patients with isolated rib fracture without any trauma to other body parts...
September 2018: Kardiochirurgia i Torakochirurgia Polska, Polish Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
Ilia Bresesti, Sanja Zivanovic, Kevin Nicolas Ives, Gianluca Lista, Charles Christoph Roehr
AIM: This study compared how non-invasive respiratory support (NRS) was provided in neonatal units in Italy and the UK. METHODS: An NRS questionnaire was sent to tertiary neonatal centres, identified by national societies, from November 2015 to May 2016. RESULTS: Responses were received from 49/57 (86%) UK units and 103/115 (90%) Italian units. NRS was started in the delivery room by 61% of UK units and 85% of Italian units. In neonatal intensive care units, 33% of UK units used nasal high-flow therapy (HFT) as primary support, compared to 3% in Italy...
October 11, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
K-U Kern, M Schwickert-Nieswandt
A 68-year-old patient suffered from postzoster neuralgia with severe pain of the left trigeminal nerve V1. Despite medication with gabapentin 1800 mg/d, oxacarbazepine 600 mg, tapentadol 500 mg/d, amitriptyline 20 mg as well as ambroxol 20% ointment and lidocaine patch topically, the pain reached an intensity of 8-10 on the numeric rating scale (NRS). Wearing a CPAP (continuous positive airway pressure) mask at night to treat a sleep apnea was impossible or the mask was leaking under lidocaine patch, only topical ambroxol 20% brought a certain pain relief...
October 10, 2018: Der Schmerz
Yun-Yan Fei, Javaid Akhter Bhat, Ying-Ying Zhang, G M Al Amin, Jun-Yi Gai, Tuan-Jie Zhao
Knowledge of biological evolution and genetic mechanisms is gained by studying the adaptation of bacteria to survive in adverse environmental conditions. In this regard, transcriptomic profiling of a glyphosate-tolerant Enterobacter strain NRS-1 was studied under four different treatments to investigate the gene-regulatory system for glyphosate tolerance. A total of 83, 83, 60 and 74 genes were up-regulated and 108, 87, 178 and 117 genes down-regulated under 60-NPG, 110-NPG, NaCl (355 mM) and HCl (pH 4.46) stress treatments, respectively...
October 2018: 3 Biotech
Magdalena Czlapka-Matyasik, Marta Lonnie, Lidia Wadolowska, Agnieszka Frelich
Restricted sugar intake is an important part of a healthy lifestyle and may contribute to the prevention of diet-related diseases. The aim of the study was to investigate whether declared sugar restriction is reflected in actual sucrose intake and diet quality of young non-dieting women, with differentiation between the weekend and weekdays. A convenient sample of 192 non-dieting women aged 20⁻30 years old was recruited. The sample was divided into two groups based on each woman's declaration: "restricting sugar" (RS, n = 76) and "not restricting sugar" (nRS, n = 116)...
October 9, 2018: Nutrients
Sivakami Rethnam Haug, Mihaela Cuida Marthinussen
AIMS: To investigate whether acute dental pain due to pulpal or periapical inflammation is associated with increased expression of cortisol and inflammatory markers and mediators in the saliva, as well as changes in salivary flow rate. METHODS: Patients experiencing pain (n = 42) were recruited when seeking emergency dental treatment. A 0 to 10 numeric rating scale (NRS) was used as a measure of the severity of pain, and the number of days with pain sensation was also recorded...
October 10, 2018: Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache
Christine H Meyer-Frießem, Patrycja Szalaty, Peter K Zahn, Esther M Pogatzki-Zahn
Background and aims As indicated by experimental studies, reports of pain intensity may depend on the examiner's gender. Until now, it is unclear whether this is relevant in clinical routine. This study investigated prospectively whether the gender of assessor plays a role in patients' pain reports and whether this role differs in male and female patients. Methods 165 patients (66.4 years±0.63; 118 males) scheduled for heart surgery were allocated consecutively to one examiner out of four students of both genders: two females and two males (aged 24...
October 10, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
Victor E Staartjes, Alessandro Siccoli, Marlies P de Wispelaere, Marc L Schröder
BACKGROUND: In modern clinical research, the accepted minimum follow-up for patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) after lumbar spine surgery is 24 months, particularly after fusion. Recently, this minimum requirement has been called into question. PURPOSE: We aim to quantify the concordance of 1- and 2-year PROMs to evaluate the importance of long-term follow-up after elective lumbar spine surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of data from a prospective registry...
October 5, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
Pablo Fuentes-Prior, Ana Rojas, Arnold T Hagler, Eva Estébanez-Perpiñá
Nuclear receptors (NRs) form homo- and/or heterodimers as central scaffolds of multiprotein complexes, which activate or repress gene transcription to regulate development, homeostasis, and metabolism. Recent studies on NR quaternary structure reveal novel mechanisms of receptor dimerization, the existence of tetrameric chromatin-bound NRs, and previously unanticipated protein-protein/protein-DNA interactions.
October 4, 2018: Trends in Biochemical Sciences
Maria Laura De Luca, Marcello Ciccarello, Manfredi Martorana, Davide Infantino, Giulia Letizia Mauro, Stefano Bonarelli, Maria Grazia Benedetti
Total hip replacement (THR) and, particularly, total knee replacement (TKR), are painful surgical procedures. Effective postoperative pain management leads to a better and earlier functional recovery and prevents chronic pain. Studies on the control of pain during the postoperative rehabilitation period are not common. The aim of this study is to present results of a perioperative anesthetic protocol, and a pain treatment protocol in use in the Orthopaedic and the Rehabilitation intensive units of our Hospital...
October 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Partha Saha, Joshua W Hill, Joshua D Walmsley, Caleb M Hill
A novel analytical methodology based on correlated optical and electroanalytical measurements was developed to probe electrocatalytic reactions at individual nanoparticles (NPs) with well-defined geometries. The developed methodology, Optically Targeted ElectroChemical Cell Microscopy (OTECCM), relies on a combination of optical hyperspectral imaging, to locate individual NPs and provide structural information, and Scanning ElectroChemical Cell Microscopy (SECCM), to provide direct information on the electrochemical behavior of the same NPs...
October 5, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
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