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Sinus not formed

Rakshith Hegde, Krishna Prasad, Kaiwan Khurshed Shroff
Implants have a predictable outcome and are the foremost treatment modality for prosthetic rehabilitation of edentulous patients. Due to loss of bone after extraction and pneumatization of maxillary sinus, there is insufficient bone volume for implant placement. The direct maxillary sinus lift procedure has been performed with different grafting materials (autogenous bone grafts, alloplasts, allografts, and xenografts) and without grafting material, having new bone formation around the implant. There is no evidence to prove the need for grafting material in all direct sinus lift procedures, hence the need for this review...
October 2016: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
Jorge Soliz, Rose Tam, Richard Kinkead
Perinatal exposure to adverse experiences disrupts brain development, including the brainstem network that regulates breathing. At adulthood, rats previously subjected to stress (in the form of neonatal maternal separation; NMS) display features reported in patients suffering from sleep disordered breathing, including an increased hypoxic ventilatory response and hypertension. This effect is also sex-specific (males only). Based on these observations, we hypothesized that NMS augments the carotid body's O2-chemosensitivity...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
Ahmed Karim Talib, Akihiko Nogami, Itsuro Morishima, Yasushi Oginosawa, Kenji Kurosaki, Shinya Kowase, Yuki Komatsu, Kenji Kuroki, Miyako Igarashi, Yukio Sekiguchi, Kazutaka Aonuma
BACKGROUND: The most common form of idiopathic Purkinje-related ventricular tachycardia (VT) is the reentrant type. We describe the clinical and electrophysiological characteristics of focal non-reentrant fascicular tachycardia. METHODS AND RESULTS: Among 530 idiopathic VT patients who were referred for ablation, we identified 15 (2.8%) with non-reentrant fascicular tachycardia (11 men, 45±21 years). Sinus rhythm ECG showed normal conduction intervals with a His-ventricular interval of 41±4 ms...
October 2016: Circulation. Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology
Adam N Williams
Aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD) is a distinct clinical condition characterized by chronic sinusitis with nasal polyps, asthma, and hypersensitivity reactions to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Distinguishing AERD from other forms of chronic sinusitis, asthma, and NSAID reactivity has important clinical implications for management. The clinical history is helpful, but not adequate for confirming the diagnosis of AERD, in most cases. Diagnostic provocation challenge remains the only way to confirm or exclude the diagnosis of AERD...
November 2016: Immunology and Allergy Clinics of North America
Fang Wang, Qiong Li, Zuolin Wang
BACKGROUND: To compare the effects of Bio-Oss in combination with concentrated growth factors (CGFs) and bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) on bone regeneration for maxillary sinus floor augmentation in beagle dogs. METHODS: Six beagle dogs received bilateral maxillary sinus floor augmentation. Venous blood drawn from dogs was collected and centrifugated to obtain CGFs. BMSCs derived from canine bone marrow was cultured using density gradient centrifugation...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine
Alan C Sing, Stephen Tsaur, Stephen M Paridon, Julie A Brothers
BACKGROUND: Anomalous aortic origin of a coronary artery is a congenital cardiac condition that can be associated with increased risk of sudden death. To date, quality of life and exercise performance have not been evaluated in patients with this condition who do not undergo surgical repair. METHODS: We carried out a cross-sectional analysis of patients with unoperated anomalous aortic origin of a coronary artery at our institution from 1 January, 2000 to 31 January, 2016...
September 26, 2016: Cardiology in the Young
Ahmet Yigit Goktay, Cagin Senturk
Deep venous thrombosis (DVT) is a common disorder with a significant mortality rate. Successful endovascular treatment of acute DVT is most likely to be achieved in patients with recently formed thrombus, (<10-14 days) with acute iliofemoral DVT. Endovascular treatment options include: Catheter-directed thrombolysis (CDT), pharmacomechanical catheter-directed thrombolysis (PCDT), percutaneous aspiration thrombectomy (PAT), vena cava filter protection, venous balloon dilatation and venous stent implantation...
September 24, 2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Eric T Rush, Ling Li, Jennifer L Goodwin, Rose M Kreikemeier, Mary Craft, David A Danford, Shelby Kutty
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Our purpose was to investigate cardiovascular abnormalities in children with osteogenesis imperfecta (OI). METHODS: Two hundred children (100 OI, 100 matched volunteers) were prospectively studied. Aortic and left ventricular (LV) measurements were performed using transthoracic echocardiography. Patients were typed according to modified phenotypical Sillence classification as published in the Nosology and Classification of Genetic Skeletal disorders: 2015 Revision...
September 19, 2016: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
Alois Lametschwandtner, Christine Radner, Bernd Minnich
Microvascular anatomy and histomorphology of larval and adult spleens of the Clawed Toad, Xenopus laevis were studied by light microscopy of paraplast embedded serial tissue sections and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) of vascular corrosion casts (VCCs). Histology showed i) that white and red pulp are present at the onset of metamorphic climax (stage 57) and ii) that splenic vessels penetrated deeply into the splenic parenchyma at the height of metamorphic climax (stage 64). Scanning electron microscopy of VCCs demonstrated gross arterial supply and venous drainage, splenic microvascular patterns as well as the structure of the interstitial (extravasal) spaces representing the "open circulation routes...
August 31, 2016: Journal of Morphology
Javier Barallobre-Barreiro, Shashi K Gupta, Anna Zoccarato, Rika Kitazume-Taneike, Marika Fava, Xiaoke Yin, Tessa Werner, Marc N Hirt, Anna Zampetaki, Alessandro Viviano, Mei Chong, Marshall Bern, Antonios Kourliouros, Nieves Domenech, Peter Willeit, Ajay M Shah, Marjan Jahangiri, Liliana Schaefer, Jens W Fischer, Renato V Iozzo, Rosa Viner, Thomas Thum, Joerg Heineke, Antoine Kichler, Kinya Otsu, Manuel Mayr
BACKGROUND: Myocardial fibrosis is a feature of many cardiac diseases. We used proteomics to profile glycoproteins in the human cardiac extracellular matrix (ECM). METHODS: Atrial specimens were analyzed by mass spectrometry after extraction of ECM proteins and enrichment for glycoproteins or glycopeptides. RESULTS: ECM-related glycoproteins were identified in left and right atrial appendages from the same patients. Several known glycosylation sites were confirmed...
September 13, 2016: Circulation
Hani M Mahmoud, Mohamed Hosny, Peter Philip, Kerolos Wagdy, Ahmed Kharabish, Wesam El Mozy, Magdi Yacoub
Atrial septal defects (ASDs) account for approximately 6%-10% of congenital heart defects. The well-known types of atrial septal communications are the ostium secundum, ostium primum, sinus venosus types, and coronary sinus defects. A 50-year-old female was referred for TEE for better assessment of MR severity and mechanism. 2D/3D-TEE showed a rare combination of different abnormalities; bi-leaflet mitral valve prolapse, cleft P2, cor triatriatum sinister, and a tunnel-shaped IAS communication. To the best of our knowledge, this is a very rare case with a rare form of atrial septal defect that was not described before...
August 22, 2016: Echocardiography
Alberto Monje, Francisco O'Valle, Florencio Monje-Gil, Inmaculada Ortega-Oller, Francisco Mesa, Hom-Lay Wang, Pablo Galindo-Moreno
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare solvent dehydrated human allograft (SDHA; Puros Allograft) and freeze-dried human allograft (FDHA; MinerOss) in order to determine if the allogeneic bone preservation process influences the amount of remaining particles and newly formed bone in maxillary sinus augmentation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Subjects requiring maxillary lateral sinus augmentation with ridge height < 5 mm were included in this study. Maxillary sinuses were randomly assigned to be grafted with a 1:1 ratio of cortical and cancellous bone, either SDHA or FDHA...
August 15, 2016: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
Ariella A Friedman, Paul F Zelkovic, Edward F Reda, Israel Franco, Lane S Palmer
INTRODUCTION: Aphallia is exceedingly rare (1/30 million births). Previous reports have provided limited detail on associated urinary tract findings. OBJECTIVE: We reviewed urinary tract anomalies in two boys with aphallia (patients 1 and 2) and a girl with urinary tract dysplasia, a similar external appearance and lack of corporal tissue (patient 3), also consistent with aphallia. CASE REPORTS (FIGURE): Patients 1 and 2 both had a 46XY karyotype, bilateral descended testes in well-formed scrotums, and posterior skin tags containing rudimentary urethras...
August 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Hiroshige Yamabe, Hisanori Kanazawa, Miwa Ito, Shozo Kaneko, Hisao Ogawa
BACKGROUND: It remains unclear whether atrial fibrillation (AF) is maintained by the rotor. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the role of the rotor and examined its mechanism. METHODS: Among 75 patients with AF (60 paroxysmal, 15 persistent AF) who underwent three-dimensional non-contact left atrial mapping during AF, we examined the prevalence and location of rotor activation and elucidated its mechanism. Catheter ablation was performed in a stepwise fashion (linear roof lesion and complex fractionated atrial electrogram ablation following pulmonary vein (PV) isolation) until AF termination...
July 30, 2016: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
Min Zhu, Xinbin Zhou, Hongwen Cai, Zhijun Wang, Huimin Xu, Shenjie Chen, Jie Chen, Xiaoming Xu, Haibin Xu, Wei Mao
BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of restoring the sinus rhythm by catheter ablation relative to that of medical rate control for persistent atrial fibrillation (AF) patients with heart failure (HF) remains to be defined. METHODS: We systematically searched Embase, Pubmed, the Cochrane Library, and for articles that compared the outcomes of interest between catheter ablation and medical rate control therapy in persistent AF patients with HF and left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD)...
July 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Yong Gao, Xiao Yan, Mengyun Lai, Peng Guo, Yafei Wu, Shangyong Zhu
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Accurate staging forms the basis for the successful management of maxillary sinus carcinoma. The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of ultrasonography and computed tomography (CT) for detection and T-staging of maxillary sinus carcinoma. MATERIAL AND METHODS: T-staging of maxillary sinus carcinoma by ultrasonography and CT was studied in 37 patients: 25 with squamous cell carcinoma and 12 with tumors of other histologic types...
June 2016: Discovery Medicine
Inna Kleyman, Louis H Weimer
Syncope, or the sudden loss of consciousness, is a common presenting symptom for evaluation by neurologists. It is not a unique diagnosis but rather a common manifestation of disorders with diverse mechanisms. Loss of consciousness is typically preceded by a prodrome of symptoms and sometimes there is a clear trigger. This article discusses several cases that illustrate the various causes of syncope. Reflex syncope is the most common type and includes neurally mediated, vasovagal, situational, carotid sinus hypersensitivity, and atypical forms...
August 2016: Neurologic Clinics
Jean-Michaël Mazzella, Michael Frank, Patrick Collignon, Maud Langeois, Anne Legrand, Xavier Jeunemaitre, Juliette Albuisson
Syndromic thoracic aortic aneurysm and dissection (TAAD) can suggest Marfan, vascular Ehlers-Danlos or Loeys-Dietz (LDS) syndromes. Several of the TGFβ-pathway related genes predispose to different types of LDS. Heterozygous loss-of-function variations in TGFβ2 have been shown to be responsible for a novel form of syndromic TAAD associated with an impairment of the mitral valve and cerebrovascular disease called Loeys-Dietz syndrome type 4 (LDS4). We report the clinical characterization of a LDS4 French family with sudden deaths and diffuse vascular lesions, caused by a frameshift mutation in TGFβ2 gene: c...
July 21, 2016: Clinical Genetics
Jeffrey J Falco, Andrew J Thomas, Xuan Quin, Shaelene Ashby, Jess C Mace, Adam S Deconde, Timothy L Smith, Jeremiah A Alt
BACKGROUND: Facial pain is a cardinal symptom of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) with significant impacts on patient treatment selection, quality of life, and outcomes. The association between facial pain and CRS disease severity has not been systematically evaluated with validated, facial pain-specific questionnaires. Our objective was to measure pain location, severity, and interference in patients with CRS, and correlate these to the location and severity of radiographic evidence of disease...
July 20, 2016: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
Lutfi Mohamed Mohamed Elhamruni, Hamdy Abdelmegeed Mohamed Marzook, Wael Mohamed Said Ahmed, Mohamed Abdul-Rahman
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of the dental implant penetration into the maxillary sinus cavity in different depths on implant and sinus health in a dog model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study sample included eight titanium dental implant placed in four female dogs immediately after extraction of the first maxillary molar in the palatal socket and assigned into four groups according to the protruding of implant tips (control group A = 0 mm, and study groups B, C, and D with protrusion of 1, 2, and 3 mm, respectively)...
September 2016: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
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