keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Wheezing

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046036/-spontaneous-pneumomediastinum-and-subcutaneous-emphysema-associated-with-bronchospasm-in-a-woman-with-no-history-of-asthma
#1
Tonatiuh Ramses Bedolla-Pulido, Martín Bedolla-Barajas
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous pneumomediastinum most relevant triggering events are cough, vomiting, nutritional problems, physical activity and use of inhaled drugs. Association of spontaneous pneumomediastinum with non-asthma-related bronchospasm is an infrequent event. CLINICAL CASE: This is the case of a 21-year-old woman without personal or family history of asthma, allergic rhinitis or atopy who during late puerperium had 39 °C fever, paroxysmal cough and chest oppression of sudden onset, as well as wheezing and subcutaneous emphysema of the neck; she had no previous nasal symptoms...
July 2017: Revista Alergia Mexico: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Mexicana de Alergia e Inmunología, A.C
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042873/comparison-of-cytokine-expression-profiles-in-infants-with-a-rhinovirus-induced-lower-respiratory-tract-infection-with-or-without-wheezing-a-comparison-with-respiratory-syncytial-virus
#2
Da Eun Roh, Sook-Hyun Park, Hee Joung Choi, Yeo Hyang Kim
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether infants with rhinovirus (RV) infection-induced wheezing and those with respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection-induced wheezing have different cytokine profiles in the acute stage. METHODS: Of the infants with lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI) between September 2011 and May 2012, 88 were confirmed using reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and hospitalized. Systemic interferon-gamma (IFN-γ), interleukin (IL)-2, IL-12, IL-4, IL-5, IL-13, and Treg-type cytokine (IL-10) responses were examined with multiplex assay using acute phase serum samples...
September 2017: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042485/maternal-stress-during-pregnancy-and-allergic-diseases-in-children-during-the-first-year-of-life
#3
Katarzyna Smejda, Kinga Polanska, Dorota Merecz-Kot, Anna Krol, Wojciech Hanke, Joanna Jerzynska, Wlodzimierz Stelmach, Paweł Majak, Iwona Stelmach
BACKGROUND: Many recent studies indicate that prenatal maternal distress increases the risk of allergic diseases in children. The mechanisms that favor it are still unclear. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to assess the association between exposure to different kinds of prenatal stress and the occurrence of atopic dermatitis, food allergy, wheezing, and recurrent respiratory tract infections in children. METHODS: The study population consisted of 370 mother-child pairs from a Polish Mother and Child Cohort (REPRO_PL)...
October 17, 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041909/cost-utility-analysis-of-palivizumab-for-respiratory-syncytial-virus-infection-prophylaxis-in-preterm-infants-update-based-on-the-clinical-evidence-in-spain
#4
M Sanchez-Luna, R Burgos-Pol, I Oyagüez, J Figueras-Aloy, M Sánchez-Solís, F Martinón-Torres, X Carbonell-Estrany
BACKGROUND: This study aimed at estimating the efficiency of palivizumab in the prevention of Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) infection and its sequelae in preterm infants (32(day 1)-35(day 0)weeks of gestational age -wGA-) in Spain. METHODS: A decision-tree model was developed to compare health benefits (Quality Adjusted Life Years-QALYs) and costs of palivizumab versus a non-prophylaxis strategy over 6 years. A hypothetical cohort of 1,000 preterm infants, 32(day 1)-35(day 0) wGA (4...
October 17, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037819/drug-induced-paradoxical-vocal-fold-motion
#5
Marlene Garcia-Neuer, Donna Marie Lynch, Kathleen Marquis, Jayme Dowdall, Mariana Castells, David Edward Sloane
Vocal cord dysfunction, also known as paradoxical vocal fold motion (PVFM), is a disorder characterized by abnormal vocal cord adduction during inspiration. PVFM is commonly misdiagnosed as asthma because of the similarity of symptoms: cough, wheezing, chest pain, and dyspnea. We present the clinical vignette of a 36-year-old woman with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis and multiple adverse drug reactions who presented with recurrent episodes of unrecognized PVFM during skin testing for drug allergy, omalizumab treatment, and tocilizumab desensitization...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037301/asthma-symptoms-among-chinese-children-the-role-of-ventilation-and-pm10-exposure-at-school-and-home
#6
X-J Fan, C Yang, L Zhang, Q Fan, T Li, X Bai, Z-H Zhao, X Zhang, D Norback
SETTING: Respiratory symptoms in relation to environment in Taiyuan, China. OBJECTIVE: To study associations between school/home exposure and prevalence of respiratory symptoms and self-reported respiratory infections (RIs) among students. DESIGN: A total of 2134 pupils from 10 schools answered a questionnaire; air pollution at school was measured. RESULTS: The prevalence of current wheeze, daytime attacks of breathlessness, nocturnal cough, nocturnal respiratory symptoms and RI was respectively 4...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037300/high-resolution-computed-tomography-findings-in-chronic-eosinophilic-vs-cryptogenic-organising-pneumonia
#7
P Mehrian, A Doroudinia, A Rashti, O Aloosh, A Dorudinia
BACKGROUND: The similar clinical and computed tomography (CT) characteristics of cryptogenic organising pneumonia (COP) and chronic eosinophilic pneumonia (CEP) make precise diagnosis challenging. OBJECTIVES: To help differentiate between COP and CEP using high-resolution CT (HRCT). DESIGN: Clinical data and HRCT images of COP and CEP patients referred to Masih Daneshvari Hospital, Tehran, Iran, from 2007 to 2015 were reviewed. Diagnosis of COP or CEP was confirmed using open lung biopsy or a combination of transbronchial biopsy, bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) analysis, peripheral eosinophilia and a favourable response to corticosteroids...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036724/etiology-and-clinical-characteristics-of-community-acquired-pneumonia-with-airway-malacia-in-children
#8
Wang Yu-Qing, Hao Chuang-Li, Ji Wei, Chen Zheng-Rong, Zhang Xin-Xin, Gu Wen-Jing
Objective: The objective of this article is to study the etiology of community-acquired pneumonia in children with airway malacia. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 428 pneumonia patients. All patients underwent bronchoscopy, and bronchoalveolar lavage samples were processed for microbiological assessment. Results: In a total of 428 cases reviewed, 60 were found to have airway malacia. Pathogens were identified in 44 of the 60 specimens (73...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035013/prebiotics-for-the-prevention-of-allergies-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#9
Carlos Cuello-Garcia, Alessandro Fiocchi, Ruby Pawankar, Juan José Yepes-Nuñez, Gian Paolo Morgano, Yuan Zhang, Arnav Agarwal, Shreyas Gandhi, Luigi Terracciano, Holger J Schünemann, Jan L Brozek
BACKGROUND: Prevalence of allergic diseases in infants is approximately 10% reaching 20 to 30% in those with an allergic first-degree relative. Prebiotics are selectively fermented food ingredients that allow specific changes in composition/activity of the gastrointestinal microflora. They modulate immune responses and their supplementation has been proposed as an intervention to prevent allergies. OBJECTIVE: To assess in pregnant women, breastfeeding mothers, and infants (populations) the effect of supplementing prebiotics (intervention) versus no prebiotics (comparison) on the development of allergic diseases and to inform the World Allergy Organization guidelines...
October 16, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034296/diagnosis-of-asthma-in-symptomatic-children-based-on-measures-of-lung-function-an-analysis-of-data-from-a-population-based-birth-cohort-study
#10
Clare Murray, Philip Foden, Lesley Lowe, Hannah Durrington, Adnan Custovic, Angela Simpson
BACKGROUND: Concerns have been expressed about asthma overdiagnosis. The UK National Institute of Health and Care Excellence (NICE) proposed a new diagnostic algorithm applying four lung function measures sequentially (ratio of forced expiratory volume in 1 s [FEV1] to forced vital capacity [FVC] <70%, bronchodilator reversibility ≥12%, fractional exhaled nitric oxide [FeNO] ≥35 parts per billion, and peak expiratory flow variability >20%). We aimed to assess the diagnostic value of three of the tests individually, and then test the proposed algorithm in symptomatic children...
October 2017: Lancet Child Adolesc Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033350/phenotypical-characterization-of-human-rhinovirus-infections-in-severely-premature-children
#11
Geovanny F Perez, Bassem Kurdi, Rosemary Megalaa, Krishna Pancham, Shehlanoor Huseni, Natalia Isaza, Carlos E Rodriguez-Martinez, Dinesh Pillai, Gustavo Nino
BACKGROUND: Human Rhinovirus (HRV) has been identified as the most common cause of acute respiratory infections and hospitalizations in premature children. It is unclear if premature children are more susceptible to HRV due to their decreased pulmonary reserve or because they have enhanced lower airway reactivity to HRV. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of the clinical respiratory presentation of all PCR-confirmed HRV infections in full-term and premature children aged ≤3 years in our institution...
September 27, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027126/etiology-and-risk-factors-determining-poor-outcome-of-severe-pneumonia-in-under-five-children
#12
Suresh Kumar Jakhar, Mukul Pandey, Dheeraj Shah, V G Ramachandran, Rumpa Saha, Natasha Gupta, Piyush Gupta
OBJECTIVES: To determine the etiology of severe pneumonia (pneumonia with chest indrawing) in under-five children, and to study the risk factors for poor outcomes viz., 'treatment failure', 'need for change in antibiotics', 'prolonged hospital stay', 'need for mechanical ventilation' and 'mortality.' METHODS: Children (age 2 mo to 5 y) with pneumonia and chest drawing were enrolled prospectively from October 2012 through September 2013. Clinical history was recorded, and examination, anthropometry and investigations (including chest X-ray, blood culture and nasopharyngeal swab culture) were performed...
October 13, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026607/wheezing-and-dyspnoea-caused-by-aberrant-left-innominate-artery
#13
Masamichi Hayashi, Kazuyoshi Imaizumi, Hidekazu Hattori, Hiroshi Toyama, Mitsushi Okazawa
We present a rare case of a branching anomaly of the aortic arch that resulted in wheezing and dyspnoea. The patient was a 60-year-old male with severe wheezing from babyhood, originally diagnosed with severe bronchial asthma. On auscultation, the inspiratory and expiratory wheezes appeared when the patient leaned forward. He also had difficulty in swallowing solid mass. Tests for airway reversibility and hyperresponsiveness were negative, and asthma treatment was ineffective. He had a right aortic arch. A barium oesophagogram and endoscopic examination indicated narrowing of the oesophagus from behind...
November 2017: Respirology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021955/when-christmas-decoration-goes-hand-in-hand-with-bronchial-aspiration-%C3%A2
#14
Ania Carsin, Mélisande Baravalle-Einaudi, Jean-Christophe Dubus
We report the case of a 14-month-old girl suffering from cough and wheeze around Christmas. She was treated with anti-asthmatic drugs with no success, and 3 weeks later a chest X-ray revealed a LED bulb in the left main bronchus. This LED bulb came from a Christmas light garland decorating the Christmas tree. We discuss the different Christmas objects that can be inhaled by young children, the challenge to diagnose bronchial inhalation during this winter period, and the emergence of new foreign bodies, such as LED bulbs, with a particularly aerodynamic shape...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021947/health-symptoms-in-residents-living-near-shale-gas-activity-a-retrospective-record-review-from-the-environmental-health-project
#15
Beth Weinberger, Lydia H Greiner, Leslie Walleigh, David Brown
Increasing evidence demonstrates an association between health symptoms and exposure to unconventional natural gas development (UNGD). The purpose of this study is to describe the health of adults in communities with intense UNGD who presented for evaluation of symptoms. Records of 135 structured health assessments conducted between February 2012 and October 2015 were reviewed retrospectively. Publicly available data were used to determine proximity to gas wells. Analysis was restricted to records of adults who lived within 1 km of a well in Pennsylvania and denied employment in the gas industry (n = 51)...
December 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019703/imbalance-in-level-of-tobacco-smoke-exposure-between-groups-likely-explains-the-effect-of-palivizumab-on-subsequent-wheezing
#16
Harold J Farber
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 11, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016232/algorithm-for-the-management-of-asthma-in-pregnant-women-a-protocol-to-optimize-processes-in-healthcare
#17
Eva Martinez-Moragón, Auxiliadora Romero-Falcón, Juan Luis García-Rivero
Asthma is the most common chronic disease in pregnant women. Its evolution during pregnancy could improve, stay the same or worsen, especially in cases where there is a loss of clinical control. This can lead to maternal and fetal hypoxia with serious adverse perinatal outcomes. Areas covered: This article reviews physiological modifications in pregnancy, effects of pregnancy on asthma, and possible consequences on fetus development. Furthermore, it reviews evidence on assessment and both pharmacological and non-pharmacological management of asthma in pregnant and breastfeeding women as well as in acute exacerbations...
October 10, 2017: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993393/recurrent-wheeze-and-its-relationship-with-lung-function-and-airway-inflammation-in-preschool-children-a-cross-sectional-study-in-south-korea
#18
Ji Eun Soh, Kyung-Moon Kim, Ji-Won Kwon, Hyung Young Kim, Ju-Hee Seo, Hyo-Bin Kim, So-Yeon Lee, Gwang-Cheon Jang, Dae-Jin Song, Woo Kyung Kim, Young-Ho Jung, Soo-Jong Hong, Jung Yeon Shim
BACKGROUND: Relationship between recurrent wheeze and airway function and inflammation in preschool children is not fully known. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between recurrent wheeze and airway inflammation, lung function, airway hyper-reactivity (AHR) and atopy in preschool children. DESIGN: Observational study, comparing forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1), forced vital capacity (FVC) and mid-forced expiratory flow (FEF25%-75%), dose-response slope (DRS), exhaled nitric oxide (eNO) and atopic sensitisation between children with recurrent wheeze and those without...
October 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993360/pertussis-manifesting-as-recurrent-cough-and-wheezing-in-an-incompletely-vaccinated-8-month-old-infant
#19
Dimitri Poddighe, Marco Giuseppe Nedbal, Nunzia Mastricci, Paola Bruni
Pertussis is an acute respiratory illness caused by Bordetella pertussis, showing a re-emergence in developed countries. However, it is probably under-recognised and, as a consequence, its burden is underestimated. Here, we report the clinical case of an infant diagnosed with pertussis, despite a regular schedule of vaccination, thanks to a careful clinical evaluation, including personal and family history. In addition to pointing the attention on a precocious diagnosis of atypical cases of pertussis, this case report further raised the issue of modifying and/or implementing the immunisation strategy, considering the ongoing changes of social (eg, immigration) and sanitary (eg, vaccine coverage) background in Italy and all over the Europe...
October 9, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992807/associations-between-vitamin-d-adiposity-and-respiratory-symptoms-in-chronic-spinal-cord-injury
#20
Palak Walia, Rebekah L Goldstein, Merilee Teylan, Antonio A Lazzari, Jaime E Hart, Carlos G Tun, Eric Garshick
Context/Objective Persons with chronic spinal cord injury (SCI) have an increased risk of respiratory-related morbidity and mortality and chronic respiratory symptoms are clinical markers of future respiratory disease. Therefore, we sought to assess potentially modifiable factors associated with respiratory symptoms, with a focus on circulating vitamin D and measures of body fat. Design Cross-sectional study. Setting Veterans Affairs Medical Center. Participants Three hundred forty-three participants (282 men and 61 women) with chronic SCI participating in an epidemiologic study to assess factors influencing respiratory health recruited from VA Boston and the community...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
keyword
keyword
1624
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"