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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669562/comfort-in-palliative-sedation-compas-a-transdisciplinary-mixed-method-study-protocol-for-linking-objective-assessments-to-subjective-experiences
#1
Stefaan Six, Steven Laureys, Jan Poelaert, Johan Bilsen, Peter Theuns, Reginald Deschepper
BACKGROUND: In case of untreatable suffering at the end of life, palliative sedation may be chosen to assure comfort by reducing the patient's level of consciousness. An important question here is whether such sedated patients are completely free of pain. Because these patients cannot communicate anymore, caregivers have to rely on observation to assess the patient's comfort. Recently however, more sophisticated techniques from the neurosciences have shown that sometimes consciousness and pain are undetectable with these traditional behavioral methods...
April 18, 2018: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663826/antioxidant-and-hepato-preventive-effect-of-citrus-aurantium-extract-against-carbon-tetrachloride-induced-hepatotoxicity-in-rats-and-characterisation-of-its-bioactive-compounds-by-hplc-ms
#2
Anis Ben Hsouna, Manel Gargouri, Wissal Dhifi, Walid Saibi
The objective of this study is to explore the preventive effects of ethyl acetate fraction from Citrus aurantium leaf extract (EACA), associated with its phytochemical content, against the toxic impacts of acute exposure to carbon tetrachloride (CCl4 ) in the liver of adult rats. HPLC analysis of ethyl acetate fraction from extract C. aurantium revealed eight compounds. Administration of a single dose of CCl4 caused hepatoxicity as monitored by an increase in lipid peroxidation (thiobarbituric acid reactive substances) and in protein carbonyl level but a decrease in antioxidant markers in the liver tissue...
April 17, 2018: Archives of Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608271/tough-and-conductive-hybrid-hydrogels-enabling-facile-patterning
#3
Fengbo Zhu, Ji Lin, Zi Liang Wu, Shaoxing Qu, Jun Yin, Jin Qian, Qiang Zheng
Conductive polymer hydrogels (CPHs) that combine the unique properties of hydrogels and electronic properties of conductors have shown their great potentials in wearable/implantable electronic devices, where materials with remarkable mechanical properties, high conductivity and easy processability are demanding. Here we have developed a new type of polyion complex/polyaniline (PIC/PAni) hybrid hydrogels that are tough, conductive and can be facilely patterned. The incorporation of conductive phase (PAni) into PIC matrix through phytic acid resulted in hybrid gels with ~65 wt% water, high conductivity while maintaining the key viscoelasticity of the tough matrix...
April 2, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601275/effects-of-conversational-hypnosis-on-relative-parasympathetic-tone-and-patient-comfort-during-axillary-brachial-plexus-blocks-for-ambulatory-upper-limb-surgery-a-quasiexperimental-pilot-study
#4
Emmanuel Boselli, Hervé Musellec, Franck Bernard, Nicolas Guillou, Pierre Hugot, Caroline Augris-Mathieu, Nathalie Diot-Junique, Lionel Bouvet, Bernard Allaouchiche
This two-center quasiexperimental pilot study was to determine the effect of conversational hypnosis on patient comfort and parasympathetic tone, which may represent a quantitative measure of hypnotic depth, during regional anesthesia. The patients received conversational hypnosis in one center and oral premedication in the other. The patients' subjective comfort (0-10 rating scale) and objective parasympathetic tone, as assessed by the Analgesia/Nociception Index (ANI), were measured before and after regional anesthesia...
April 2018: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579770/acute-cellular-rejection-is-it-still-relevant
#5
Angela Koutsokera, Liran Levy, Prodipto Pal, Ani Orchanian-Cheff, Tereza Martinu
Despite significant progress in the field of transplant immunology, acute cellular rejection (ACR) remains a very frequent complication after lung transplantation (LTx), with almost 30% of LTx recipients experiencing at least one episode of treated ACR during the first year of follow-up. Most episodes respond to the first-line immunosuppressive treatment and are rarely a direct cause of death. However, the association of ACR with later adverse outcomes, such as chronic lung allograft dysfunction, bronchial stricture, and infectious complications associated with the intensification of immunosuppression, negatively impacts long-term survival...
April 2018: Seminars in Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29486494/language-assessment-for-children-with-a-range-of-neurodevelopmental-disorders-across-four-languages-in-south-africa
#6
MaryAnn Romski, Juan Bornman, Rose A Sevcik, Kerstin Tönsing, Andrea Barton-Hulsey, Refilwe Morwane, Ani Whitmore, Robyn White
Purpose: The purpose of this study is (a) to examine the applicability of a culturally and linguistically adapted measure to assess the receptive and expressive language skills of children with neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs) in South Africa and then (b) to explore the contributions of 2 additional language measures. Method: In Part 1, 100 children with NDD who spoke Afrikaans, isiZulu, Setswana, or South African English were assessed on the culturally and linguistically adapted Mullen Scales of Early Learning (MSEL)...
February 27, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374830/correlations-between-near-infrared-spectroscopy-perfusion-index-and-cardiac-outputs-in-extremely-preterm-infants-in-the-first-72%C3%A2-h-of-life
#7
Marie Janaillac, Thierry P Beausoleil, Keith J Barrington, Marie-Josée Raboisson, Oliver Karam, Mathieu Dehaes, Anie Lapointe
Haemodynamic assessment during the transitional period in preterm infants is challenging. We aimed to describe the relationships between cerebral regional tissue oxygen saturation (CrSO2), perfusion index (PI), echocardiographic, and clinical parameters in extremely preterm infants in their first 72 h of life. Twenty newborns born at < 28 weeks of gestation were continuously monitored with CrSO2 and preductal PI. Cardiac output was measured at H6, H24, H48, and H72. The median gestational age and birth weight were 25...
January 27, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370804/measuring-and-stimulating-progress-on-implementing-widely-recommended-food-environment-policies-the-new-zealand-case-study
#8
Stefanie Vandevijvere, Sally Mackay, Boyd Swinburn
BACKGROUND: Monitoring the degree of implementation of widely recommended food environment policies by national governments is an important part of stimulating progress towards better population nutritional health. METHODS: The Healthy Food Environment Policy Index (Food-EPI) was applied for the second time in New Zealand in 2017 (initially applied in 2014) to measure progress on implementation of widely recommended food environment policies. A national panel of 71 independent (n = 48) and government (n = 23) public health experts rated the extent of implementation of 47 policy and infrastructure support good practice indicators by the Government against international best practice, using an extensive evidence document verified by government officials...
January 25, 2018: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318860/-effect-of-transcutaneous-acupoint-electrical-stimulation-on-hemodynamic-fluctuation-caused-by-loosing-tourniquet-in-elderly-patients-undergoing-knee-joint-replacement
#9
Han-Sheng Liang, Yi Feng
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of transcutaneous acupoint electrical stimulation (TAES) on hemodynamic fluctuation caused by loosing tourniquet in the elderly patients undergoing knee joint replacement. METHODS: A total of 60 ASA (America Society Anesthesiologist) I or II elderly patients for elective knee joint replacement surgery were randomly divided into control group (30 cases) and TAES group (30 cases). Patients of both groups were treated by intravenous anesthesia, and monitored with bispectral index (BIS, between 45-60) for anesthesia depth, stroke volume variation (SVV) for fluid management, mean arterial pressure (MAP) and cardiac index (CI) for hemodynamic fluctuation evaluation, and with analgesia nociception index (ANI, between 50-70) for remifentanil dosage adjustment...
December 25, 2017: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311400/hypericum-humifusum-leaves-attenuates-hepatic-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-in-a-rat-model
#10
Henda Ferchichi, Issam Salouage, Sarra Bacha, Nadia Kourda, Nadia Jebabli, Emna Gaies, Anis Klouz, Sameh Trabelsi
INTRODUCTION: Effective prevention strategies require specific actions during the different phases of ischemia-reperfusion (I-R) injury. The objective of our study is to evaluate the effect of aqueous extract of Hypericum humifusum leaves (HHL) on liver I-R model in Rat. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Animals were subjected to 90 min of hepatic ischemia followed by reperfusion (120 min). HHL extract (25 mg/mL/kg) was injected 15 min before reperfusion. To evaluate the effect of HHL extract on I-R, we have monitored transaminases levels, Malondialdehyde (MDA) concentration, histological lesions (apoptosis and necrosis) and compared the results to a reference oxidant vitamin E...
January 2018: Annals of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285022/recommendations-for-the-surgical-treatment-of-endometriosis-part-1-ovarian-endometrioma
#11
Ertan Saridogan, Christian M Becker, Anis Feki, Grigoris F Grimbizis, Lone Hummelshoj, Joerg Keckstein, Michelle Nisolle, Vasilios Tanos, Uwe A Ulrich, Nathalie Vermeulen, Rudy Leon De Wilde
Study question: What does this document on the surgical treatment of endometriosis jointly prepared by the European Society for Gynaecological Endoscopy (ESGE), ESHRE, and the World Endometriosis Society (WES) provide? Summary answer: This document provides recommendations covering technical aspects of different methods of surgery for endometriomas in women of reproductive age. What is already known: Endometriomas (ovarian endometriotic cysts) are a commonly diagnosed form of endometriosis, owing to the relative ease and accuracy of ultrasound diagnosis...
2017: Gynecological Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247387/modeling-and-development-of-screen-printed-impedance-biosensor-for-cytotoxicity-studies-of-lung-carcinoma-cells
#12
Ahmad Fairuzabadi Mohd Mansor, Irmanisha Ibrahim, Ahmad Anwar Zainuddin, Ioana Voiculescu, Anis Nurashikin Nordin
Electrical cell-substrate impedance sensing (ECIS) is a powerful technique to monitor real-time cell behavior. In this study, an ECIS biosensor formed using two interdigitated electrode structures (IDEs) was used to monitor cell behavior and its response to toxicants. Three different sensors with varied electrode spacing were first modeled using COMSOL Multiphysics and then fabricated and tested. The silver/silver chloride IDEs were fabricated using a screen-printing technique and incorporated with polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) cell culture wells...
January 2018: Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223306/diagnostic-accuracy-of-multi-lead-ecgs-obtained-using-a-pocket-sized-bipolar-handheld-event-recorder
#13
Ani Nigolian, Nicolas Dayal, Haïg Nigolian, Carine Stettler, Haran Burri
BACKGROUND: Handheld ECG event recorders are useful for rhythm monitoring but only record a single lead, which may limit interpretation. We sought to investigate if a multi-lead ECG may be reconstituted using this device, and aimed to evaluate diagnostic accuracy. METHODS: A commercially-available handheld bipolar ECG event recorder was used to reconstruct a 9-lead ECG (leads I, II and III, V1-6). Tracings were analyzed independently by a cardiologist and a fellow...
March 2018: Journal of Electrocardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217307/autosomal-dominant-tubulointerstitial-kidney-disease-due-to-muc1-mutation
#14
Samuel Mon-Wei Yu, Anthony J Bleyer, Kisra Anis, Leal Herlitz, Martina Živná, Helena Hůlková, Glen S Markowitz, Belinda Jim
Mucin 1 kidney disease, previously referred to as medullary cystic kidney disease type 1, is a rare hereditary kidney disease. It is one of several diseases now termed autosomal dominant tubulointerstitial kidney disease, as proposed by a KDIGO (Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes) consensus report in 2014. Autosomal dominant tubulointerstitial kidney diseases share common clinical findings, such as autosomal dominant inheritance, bland urinary sediment, absent to mild proteinuria, and progressive loss of kidney function...
December 4, 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187934/-persistence-of-the-5-th-aortic-arch-associated-with-interruption-of-the-aortic-arch
#15
Mahdi Ait Houssa, Noureddine Atmani, Mehdi Bamous, Abdessamad Abdou, Fouad Nya, Anis Seghrouchni, Brahim Amahzoune, Youssef El Bekkali, Mohamed Drissi, Abdelatif Boulahya
We report a case of persistence of the 5th aortic arch associated with total interruption of the aortic arch. This clinical case shows the diagnostic pitfall of the persistence of the 5th aortic arch and its beneficial hemodynamic effect. Preoperative clinical picture was misleading, due to the persistence of femoral pulses and clinical signs of left-to-right shunt via a wide ductus arteriosus. The diagnosis was intraoperatively adjusted on the basis of blood pressure monitoring using catheter placed into the femoral artery...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182996/distinguishing-among-multiple-sclerosis-fallers-near-fallers-and-non-fallers
#16
Nora E Fritz, Ani Eloyan, Moira Baynes, Scott D Newsome, Peter A Calabresi, Kathleen M Zackowski
BACKGROUND: Fall rates among adults with multiple sclerosis are consistently greater than 50%, but near-falls (i.e. a trip or stumble) are often undocumented. Furthermore, little is known about the circumstances surrounding fall and near-fall events. The purpose of this study was to examine the similarities and differences among non-fallers, near-fallers and fallers with multiple sclerosis, including the circumstances that surround falls and near-falls. METHODS: In a single visit, 135 multiple sclerosis participants completed the Hopkins Falls Grading Scale, a custom questionnaire investigating circumstances surrounding falls and near-falls, and performed the Timed Up and Go and Timed 25-Foot Walk tests...
January 2018: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121287/analgesia-nociception-index-for-the-assessment-of-pain-in-critically-ill-patients-a-diagnostic-accuracy-study
#17
G Chanques, T Tarri, A Ride, A Prades, A De Jong, J Carr, N Molinari, S Jaber
Background: Behavioural pain tools are used in Intensive Care Unit (ICU) patients unable to self-report their pain-intensity but need sustained efforts to educate and train the ICU team because of the subjective nature of these clinical tools. This study measured the validity and performance of an electrophysiological monitoring tool based on the spectral analysis of heart rate variability, the Analgesia Nociception Index (ANI) which varies from 0 (minimal parasympathetic tone, maximal stress-response and pain) to 100 (maximal parasympathetic tone, minimal stress-response and pain)...
October 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105628/enhanced-physical-endurance-and-improved-memory-performance-following-taurine-administration-in-rats
#18
Irfan Sajid, Saara Ahmad, Shaista Emad, Zehra Batool, Saima Khaliq, Lubna Anis, Saiqa Tabassum, Syeda Madiha, Laraib Liaquat, Sadia Sadir, Tahira Perveen, Saida Haider
Energy drinks enhance physical endurance and cognitive ability. The ingredients present in these drinks are considered as ergogenic and have memory boosting effects. In the present study effects of taurine administration for one week was monitored on physical exercise and memory performance in rats. Animals were divided into two groups namely control and test. Taurine was injected intraperitoneally to the test group at the dose of 100mg/kg. After one week of treatment rats were subjected to physical exercise and memory task...
September 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033356/benefits-of-intraoperative-analgesia-guided-by-the-analgesia-nociception-index-ani-in-bariatric-surgery-an-unmatched-case-control-study
#19
Lisa Le Gall, Anaëlle David, Pauline Carles, Sébastien Leuillet, Brigitte Chastel, Catherine Fleureau, Antoine Dewitte, Alexandre Ouattara
INTRODUCTION: Analgesia Nociception Index (ANI) has been proposed for the evaluation of the nociception-antinociception balance in the perioperative period. In obese patients, where the management of analgesia may be rendered difficult by pharmacological changes, we hypothesised that the monitoring of analgesia with ANI would reduce intraoperative opioid consumption during bariatric surgery. METHODS: This monocentric, observational, unmatched case-control study aimed to compare perioperative data from obese subjects (body mass index ≥35kgm-2 ) during bariatric surgery with or without the use of ANI monitoring (ANI+ group versus ANI- group)...
October 12, 2017: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991059/analgesia-nociception-index-monitoring-during-supratentorial-craniotomy
#20
Lakshman K Kommula, Sonia Bansal, Ganne S Umamaheswara Rao
BACKGROUND: Objective monitoring of pain during and after surgery has been elusive. Recently, Analgesia Nociception Index (ANI) monitor based on the high frequency component of heart rate variability has been launched into clinical practice. We monitored analgesia during craniotomy using ANI monitor and compared it with cardiovascular parameters and response entropy (RE) of entropy monitor. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 21 patients undergoing a craniotomy for a supratentorial lesion, we monitored ANI, heart rate (HR), mean arterial pressure (MAP), state entropy, and RE throughout the surgery...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
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