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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374830/correlations-between-near-infrared-spectroscopy-perfusion-index-and-cardiac-outputs-in-extremely-preterm-infants-in-the-first-72%C3%A2-h-of-life
#1
Marie Janaillac, Thierry P Beausoleil, Keith J Barrington, Marie-Josée Raboisson, Oliver Karam, Mathieu Dehaes, Anie Lapointe
Haemodynamic assessment during the transitional period in preterm infants is challenging. We aimed to describe the relationships between cerebral regional tissue oxygen saturation (CrSO2), perfusion index (PI), echocardiographic, and clinical parameters in extremely preterm infants in their first 72 h of life. Twenty newborns born at < 28 weeks of gestation were continuously monitored with CrSO2 and preductal PI. Cardiac output was measured at H6, H24, H48, and H72. The median gestational age and birth weight were 25...
January 27, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370804/measuring-and-stimulating-progress-on-implementing-widely-recommended-food-environment-policies-the-new-zealand-case-study
#2
Stefanie Vandevijvere, Sally Mackay, Boyd Swinburn
BACKGROUND: Monitoring the degree of implementation of widely recommended food environment policies by national governments is an important part of stimulating progress towards better population nutritional health. METHODS: The Healthy Food Environment Policy Index (Food-EPI) was applied for the second time in New Zealand in 2017 (initially applied in 2014) to measure progress on implementation of widely recommended food environment policies. A national panel of 71 independent (n = 48) and government (n = 23) public health experts rated the extent of implementation of 47 policy and infrastructure support good practice indicators by the Government against international best practice, using an extensive evidence document verified by government officials...
January 25, 2018: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318860/-effect-of-transcutaneous-acupoint-electrical-stimulation-on-hemodynamic-fluctuation-caused-by-loosing-tourniquet-in-elderly-patients-undergoing-knee-joint-replacement
#3
Han-Sheng Liang, Yi Feng
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of transcutaneous acupoint electrical stimulation (TAES) on hemodynamic fluctuation caused by loosing tourniquet in the elderly patients undergoing knee joint replacement. METHODS: A total of 60 ASA (America Society Anesthesiologist) I or II elderly patients for elective knee joint replacement surgery were randomly divided into control group (30 cases) and TAES group (30 cases). Patients of both groups were treated by intravenous anesthesia, and monitored with bispectral index (BIS, between 45-60) for anesthesia depth, stroke volume variation (SVV) for fluid management, mean arterial pressure (MAP) and cardiac index (CI) for hemodynamic fluctuation evaluation, and with analgesia nociception index (ANI, between 50-70) for remifentanil dosage adjustment...
December 25, 2017: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311400/hypericum-humifusum-leaves-attenuates-hepatic-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-in-a-rat-model
#4
Henda Ferchichi, Issam Salouage, Sarra Bacha, Nadia Kourda, Nadia Jebabli, Emna Gaies, Anis Klouz, Sameh Trabelsi
INTRODUCTION: Effective prevention strategies require specific actions during the different phases of ischemia-reperfusion (I-R) injury. The objective of our study is to evaluate the effect of aqueous extract of Hypericum humifusum leaves (HHL) on liver I-R model in Rat. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Animals were subjected to 90 min of hepatic ischemia followed by reperfusion (120 min). HHL extract (25 mg/mL/kg) was injected 15 min before reperfusion. To evaluate the effect of HHL extract on I-R, we have monitored transaminases levels, Malondialdehyde (MDA) concentration, histological lesions (apoptosis and necrosis) and compared the results to a reference oxidant vitamin E...
December 27, 2017: Annals of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285022/recommendations-for-the-surgical-treatment-of-endometriosis-part-1-ovarian-endometrioma
#5
Ertan Saridogan, Christian M Becker, Anis Feki, Grigoris F Grimbizis, Lone Hummelshoj, Joerg Keckstein, Michelle Nisolle, Vasilios Tanos, Uwe A Ulrich, Nathalie Vermeulen, Rudy Leon De Wilde
Study question: What does this document on the surgical treatment of endometriosis jointly prepared by the European Society for Gynaecological Endoscopy (ESGE), ESHRE, and the World Endometriosis Society (WES) provide? Summary answer: This document provides recommendations covering technical aspects of different methods of surgery for endometriomas in women of reproductive age. What is already known: Endometriomas (ovarian endometriotic cysts) are a commonly diagnosed form of endometriosis, owing to the relative ease and accuracy of ultrasound diagnosis...
2017: Gynecological Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247387/modeling-and-development-of-screen-printed-impedance-biosensor-for-cytotoxicity-studies-of-lung-carcinoma-cells
#6
Ahmad Fairuzabadi Mohd Mansor, Irmanisha Ibrahim, Ahmad Anwar Zainuddin, Ioana Voiculescu, Anis Nurashikin Nordin
Electrical cell-substrate impedance sensing (ECIS) is a powerful technique to monitor real-time cell behavior. In this study, an ECIS biosensor formed using two interdigitated electrode structures (IDEs) was used to monitor cell behavior and its response to toxicants. Three different sensors with varied electrode spacing were first modeled using COMSOL Multiphysics and then fabricated and tested. The silver/silver chloride IDEs were fabricated using a screen-printing technique and incorporated with polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) cell culture wells...
December 16, 2017: Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223306/diagnostic-accuracy-of-multi-lead-ecgs-obtained-using-a-pocket-sized-bipolar-handheld-event-recorder
#7
Ani Nigolian, Nicolas Dayal, Haïg Nigolian, Carine Stettler, Haran Burri
BACKGROUND: Handheld ECG event recorders are useful for rhythm monitoring but only record a single lead, which may limit interpretation. We sought to investigate if a multi-lead ECG may be reconstituted using this device, and aimed to evaluate diagnostic accuracy. METHODS: A commercially-available handheld bipolar ECG event recorder was used to reconstruct a 9-lead ECG (leads I, II and III, V1-6). Tracings were analyzed independently by a cardiologist and a fellow...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Electrocardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217307/autosomal-dominant-tubulointerstitial-kidney-disease-due-to-muc1-mutation
#8
Samuel Mon-Wei Yu, Anthony J Bleyer, Kisra Anis, Leal Herlitz, Martina Živná, Helena Hůlková, Glen S Markowitz, Belinda Jim
Mucin 1 kidney disease, previously referred to as medullary cystic kidney disease type 1, is a rare hereditary kidney disease. It is one of several diseases now termed autosomal dominant tubulointerstitial kidney disease, as proposed by a KDIGO (Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes) consensus report in 2014. Autosomal dominant tubulointerstitial kidney diseases share common clinical findings, such as autosomal dominant inheritance, bland urinary sediment, absent to mild proteinuria, and progressive loss of kidney function...
December 4, 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187934/-persistence-of-the-5th-aortic-arch-associated-with-interruption-of-the-aortic-arch
#9
Mahdi Ait Houssa, Noureddine Atmani, Mehdi Bamous, Abdessamad Abdou, Fouad Nya, Anis Seghrouchni, Brahim Amahzoune, Youssef El Bekkali, Mohamed Drissi, Abdelatif Boulahya
We report a case of persistence of the 5th aortic arch associated with total interruption of the aortic arch. This clinical case shows the diagnostic pitfall of the persistence of the 5th aortic arch and its beneficial hemodynamic effect. Preoperative clinical picture was misleading, due to the persistence of femoral pulses and clinical signs of left-to-right shunt via a wide ductus arteriosus. The diagnosis was intraoperatively adjusted on the basis of blood pressure monitoring using catheter placed into the femoral artery...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182996/distinguishing-among-multiple-sclerosis-fallers-near-fallers-and-non-fallers
#10
Nora E Fritz, Ani Eloyan, Moira Baynes, Scott D Newsome, Peter A Calabresi, Kathleen M Zackowski
BACKGROUND: Fall rates among adults with multiple sclerosis are consistently greater than 50%, but near-falls (i.e. a trip or stumble) are often undocumented. Furthermore, little is known about the circumstances surrounding fall and near-fall events. The purpose of this study was to examine the similarities and differences among non-fallers, near-fallers and fallers with multiple sclerosis, including the circumstances that surround falls and near-falls. METHODS: In a single visit, 135 multiple sclerosis participants completed the Hopkins Falls Grading Scale, a custom questionnaire investigating circumstances surrounding falls and near-falls, and performed the Timed Up and Go and Timed 25-Foot Walk tests...
November 22, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121287/analgesia-nociception-index-for-the-assessment-of-pain-in-critically-ill-patients-a-diagnostic-accuracy-study
#11
G Chanques, T Tarri, A Ride, A Prades, A De Jong, J Carr, N Molinari, S Jaber
Background: Behavioural pain tools are used in Intensive Care Unit (ICU) patients unable to self-report their pain-intensity but need sustained efforts to educate and train the ICU team because of the subjective nature of these clinical tools. This study measured the validity and performance of an electrophysiological monitoring tool based on the spectral analysis of heart rate variability, the Analgesia Nociception Index (ANI) which varies from 0 (minimal parasympathetic tone, maximal stress-response and pain) to 100 (maximal parasympathetic tone, minimal stress-response and pain)...
October 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105628/enhanced-physical-endurance-and-improved-memory-performance-following-taurine-administration-in-rats
#12
Irfan Sajid, Saara Ahmad, Shaista Emad, Zehra Batool, Saima Khaliq, Lubna Anis, Saiqa Tabassum, Syeda Madiha, Laraib Liaquat, Sadia Sadir, Tahira Perveen, Saida Haider
Energy drinks enhance physical endurance and cognitive ability. The ingredients present in these drinks are considered as ergogenic and have memory boosting effects. In the present study effects of taurine administration for one week was monitored on physical exercise and memory performance in rats. Animals were divided into two groups namely control and test. Taurine was injected intraperitoneally to the test group at the dose of 100mg/kg. After one week of treatment rats were subjected to physical exercise and memory task...
September 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033356/benefits-of-intraoperative-analgesia-guided-by-the-analgesia-nociception-index-ani-in-bariatric-surgery-an-unmatched-case-control-study
#13
Lisa Le Gall, Anaëlle David, Pauline Carles, Sébastien Leuillet, Brigitte Chastel, Catherine Fleureau, Antoine Dewitte, Alexandre Ouattara
INTRODUCTION: Analgesia Nociception Index (ANI) has been proposed for the evaluation of the nociception-antinociception balance in the perioperative period. In obese patients, where the management of analgesia may be rendered difficult by pharmacological changes, we hypothesised that the monitoring of analgesia with ANI would reduce intraoperative opioid consumption during bariatric surgery. METHODS: This monocentric, observational, unmatched case-control study aimed to compare perioperative data from obese subjects (body mass index ≥35kgm-2) during bariatric surgery with or without the use of ANI monitoring (ANI+ group versus ANI- group)...
October 12, 2017: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991059/analgesia-nociception-index-monitoring-during-supratentorial-craniotomy
#14
Lakshman K Kommula, Sonia Bansal, Ganne S Umamaheswara Rao
BACKGROUND: Objective monitoring of pain during and after surgery has been elusive. Recently, Analgesia Nociception Index (ANI) monitor based on the high frequency component of heart rate variability has been launched into clinical practice. We monitored analgesia during craniotomy using ANI monitor and compared it with cardiovascular parameters and response entropy (RE) of entropy monitor. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 21 patients undergoing a craniotomy for a supratentorial lesion, we monitored ANI, heart rate (HR), mean arterial pressure (MAP), state entropy, and RE throughout the surgery...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976901/a-technical-problem-in-diagnosis-clarity-of-solitary-spinal-cord-neurofibroma-in-an-eleven-month-old-boy
#15
Elena G Poriazova, Oliana B Boykinova, Ivan S Ivanov, Maria I Spasova, Georgi B Bozhilov, Ani K Kevorkyan, Stoyan S Novakov
Spinal neurofibroma is one of the rarest of the neoplasms involving the spinal cord or roots and occurs much less often than neurinoma, meningioma or glioma. The sixth pediatric case of solitary intramedullary tumor was described in 2013, according to B. Eljebbouri et al. We present a rare, difficult to diagnose and may-be the seventh pediatric case of solitary neurofibroma of the cauda equine in an 11-month-old infant. The patient underwent a laminectomy of T12, L1, L2 and L3, extirpation of intradural, intramedullary and extramedullary spinal cord tumor...
September 1, 2017: Folia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856114/total-intravenous-anesthesia-for-neurosurgical-procedures-in-narcoleptic-patients-two-case-reports
#16
Sara Pedrosa, Nuno Lareiro, Pedro Amorim
INTRODUCTION: Narcoleptic patients may be at increased risk of prolonged emergence, postoperative hypersomnia, apneic episodes, and sleep paralysis after general anesthesia. Modafinil is the first-line treatment, however, the implication it has on general anesthesia is not clear. This report present 2 cases of narcoleptic patients medicated with modafinil that were submitted to total intravenous anesthesia for neurosurgical procedures. CASE PRESENTATION: Informed consent was obtained from both patients...
June 2017: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840805/pathogenic-phenotypic-and-molecular-characterisation-of-xanthomonas-nasturtii-sp-nov-and-xanthomonas-floridensis-sp-nov-new-species-of-xanthomonas-associated-with-watercress-production-in-florida
#17
Joana G Vicente, Steve Rothwell, Eric B Holub, David J Studholme
We describe two new species of the genus Xanthomonas, represented by yellow mucoid bacterial strains isolated from diseased leaves of watercress (Nasturtium officinale) produced in Florida, USA. One strain was pathogenic on watercress, but not in other species including a range of brassicas; other strains were not pathogenic in any of the tested plants. Data from Biolog carbon source utilization tests and nucleotide sequence data from 16S and gyrB loci suggested that both pathogenic and non-pathogenic strains were related to, yet distinct from, previously described Xanthomonas species...
September 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659896/the-impact-of-hydration-and-temperature-on-bacterial-diversity-in-arid-soil-mesocosms
#18
Adam Št'ovíček, Ani Azatyan, M Ines M Soares, Osnat Gillor
Hot desert ecosystems experience rare and unpredictable rainfall events that resuscitate the arid flora and fauna. However, the effect of this sudden abundance of water on soil microbial communities is still under debate. We modeled varying rainfall amounts and temperatures in desert soil mesocosms and monitored the microbial community response over a period of 21 days. We studied two different wetting events, simulating heavy (50 mm) and light (10 mm) rain, as well as three different temperature regimes: constant 25° or 36°C, or a temperature diurnal cycle alternating between 36 and 10 °C...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631050/analgesia-nociception-index-ani-monitoring-in-patients-with-thoracic-paravertebral-block-a-randomized-controlled-study
#19
Nurseda Dundar, Alparslan Kus, Yavuz Gurkan, Kamil Toker, Mine Solak
The goal of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of analgesia nociception index (ANI) monitoring during intraoperative period for patients with thoracic paravertebral block (TPVB) undergoing breast surgery under general anesthesia. This prospective randomized trial was performed after receiving ethics committee approval in 44 patients who were scheduled to undergo breast surgery under general anesthesia. TPVB was performed in the preoperative period using 20 mL of bupivacaine 0.25% at T4 level. Anesthesia maintenance was provided with sevoflurane in O2: air mixture and remifentanil infusion...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521199/safety-profile-of-injectable-hydromorphone-and-diacetylmorphine-for-long-term-severe-opioid-use-disorder
#20
Eugenia Oviedo-Joekes, Suzanne Brissette, Scott MacDonald, Daphne Guh, Kirsten Marchand, Salima Jutha, Scott Harrison, Amin Janmohamed, Derek Z Zhang, Aslam H Anis, Michael Krausz, David C Marsh, Martin T Schechter
AIMS: To review the safety profile of injectable hydromorphone and diacetylmorphine and explore if adverse events (AEs) or serious adverse events (SAEs) were associated with dose and patterns of attendance. METHODS: This was a non-inferiority randomized double-blind controlled trial (Vancouver, Canada) testing hydromorphone (n=100) and diacetylmorphine (n=102) for the treatment of severe opioid use disorder. Medications were delivered under the supervision of trained Registered Nurses up to three times daily...
July 1, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
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