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Rafael Chies Hartmann, Bárbara Romagna Rossetti, Lucas Pinheiro, José Antonio Poli de Figueiredo, Giampiero Rossi-Fedele, Maximiliano Schünke Gomes, Maristela Borba
BACKGROUND/AIM: Dental trauma is a public health issue with a high prevalence in children. The aim of this study was to evaluate the level of knowledge of dentists in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, of the management of traumatic dental injuries, using the International Association of Dental Traumatology (IADT) Guidelines as a reference. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An electronic questionnaire investigating personal and professional characteristics and 12 questions about dento-alveolar trauma, was sent to all registered dentists of the Regional Council of Dentistry of Rio Grande do Sul (n = 14,753)...
October 14, 2018: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
Rafael de Assis da Silva, Daniel C Mograbi, Evelyn V M Camelo, Luiza Nogueira Amadeo, Cristina M T Santana, Jesus Landeira-Fernandez, Elie Cheniaux
INTRODUCTION: In recent years, the association between temperament and clinical characteristics of mood disorders has been studied. Most bipolar patients show deficits in their awareness of signs and symptoms. The relationship between affective temperament and insight in bipolar patients has not been carried out in the literature so far. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between affective temperament and insight in bipolar disorder. METHOD: A group of 65 bipolar patients were followed during a year...
July 2018: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Oscar Silva, Silvia Palomino, Ada Robles, Jorge Ríos, Frank Mayta-Tovalino
Introduction: The level of knowledge, attitudes, and practices with respect to infection control measures in undergraduate stomatology students is not well understood; that is why these variables were evaluated in the students of the Universidad Privada San Juan Bautista between September and November of 2017. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out. A total of 347 students from the Ica, Lima Norte, and Chorrillos campuses were evaluated. The sample was calculated using the statistical formula of comparison of means...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
E M Navarrete-Rodríguez, B E Del-Rio-Navarro, D E García-Fajardo, G J Baay-Guzmán, S E Espinosa-Padilla, E A Medina-Torres, N I Moguel-Molina, M Sánchez-Curiel-Loyo, N Nájera-Martínez, J Navarro-Munguía, N Reyes-Noriega, N A Balderrábano-Saucedo, R Sánchez-Urbina, C García Delgado, J J L Sienra-Monge, V F Morán-Barroso
BACKGROUND: The del22q11 syndrome patients present immunological abnormalities associated to thymus alterations. Up to 75% of them present cardiopathies and thymus is frequently removed during surgery. The thymectomy per se has a deleterious effect concerning lymphocyte subpopulations, and T cell function. When compared to healthy controls, these patients have higher infections propensity of variable severity. The factors behind these variations are unknown. We compared immunological profiles of del22q11...
October 3, 2018: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
Ismael Álvarez-Álvarez, Miguel Á Martínez-González, Ana Sánchez-Tainta, Dolores Corella, Andrés Díaz-López, Montserrat Fitó, Jesús Vioque, Dora Romaguera, J Alfredo Martínez, Julia Wärnberg, José López-Miranda, Ramón Estruch, Aurora Bueno-Cavanillas, Fernando Arós, Josep A Tur, Francisco J Tinahones, Lluís Serra-Majem, Vicente Martín, José Lapetra, Sebastián Más Fontao, Xavier Pintó, Josep Vidal, Lidia Daimiel, José Juan Gaforio, Pilar Matía, Emilio Ros, Miguel Ruiz-Canela, José V Sorlí, Nerea Becerra-Tomás, Olga Castañer, Helmut Schröder, Eva M Navarrete-Muñoz, M Ángeles Zulet, Antonio García-Ríos, Jordi Salas-Salvadó, Javier Díez-Espino, Estefanía Toledo
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: The cardiovascular benefits of the Mediterranean diet have usually been assessed under assumptions of ad libitum total energy intake (ie, no energy restriction). In the recently launched PREDIMED-Plus, we conducted exploratory analyses to study the baseline associations between adherence to an energy-restricted Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) and the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors (CVRF). METHODS: Cross-sectional assessment of all PREDIMED-Plus participants (6874 older adults with overweight/obesity and metabolic syndrome) at baseline...
October 1, 2018: Revista Española de Cardiología
F Javier Del Río, Marina A Cabello-García, Francisco Cabello-Santamaría, Laura Verdugo, Jerónimo Aragón-Vela
INTRODUCTION: Premature ejaculation may be due to many factors and one of them may be drug use. AIMS: The main objective of this study is to show how drug abuse affects the ejaculatory response, keeping in mind the different substances consumed, the level of anxiety and the period of withdrawal. METHOD: Two samples were used, one for men who were addicted to drugs (N=925) and one of non-consumers (N=82). Both samples were selected from 28 treatment centers...
October 2018: Revista Internacional de Andrología
G Pocovi-Gerardino, M Correa-Rodríguez, J-L Callejas Rubio, R Ríos Fernández, N Ortego-Centeno, B Rueda-Medina
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: C-reactive protein (CRP) is commonly used as a biomarker for inflammation. Mild elevations of CRP have been seen in chronic autoimmune diseases like systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and CRP has been linked to an increased risk of cardiovascular events. Diet quality and certain dietary factors seem to influence CRP levels in healthy subjects. To date, the effect of diet on serum CRP in SLE has not been studied. Our aim was to investigate the relationship between dietary nutrients, antioxidant intake, and serum CRP in SLE...
October 3, 2018: Biological Research for Nursing
Ceane Cunha Rios Lessa, Fernando Lamy Filho, Zeni Carvalho Lamy, Antônio Augusto Moura da Silva, Maria Elizabeth Lopes Moreira, Maria Auxiliadora de Souza Mendes Gomes
The treatment with exogenous surfactant reduces mortality and the risk of complications in preterm newborns with Respiratory Distress Syndrome. Higher usage levels have been associated with individual and institutional factors. The study aimed to identify these factors associated with use of this technology in 16 public Brazilian Neonatal Units using logistic multilevel analysis. In a sample of 630 newborns the use at some time was 82.6%. Only 24.7% made use of this technology up to two hours after birth. An intraclass correlation of 0...
September 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Jacinto J Martínez-Payá, María Elena Del Baño-Aledo, José Ríos-Díaz, Victoria Fornés-Ferrer, Juan F Vázquez-Costa
The purpose of this study was to assess the sonoelastographic features of four different muscles in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis compared with healthy controls and to evaluate the relationship of these features to muscle strength and other ultrasonographic variables. Fourteen patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and 20 controls were examined using strain sonoelastography scanning. The RGB channel fraction ratio was analyzed with ImageJ software (Version 1.48). Two main sonoelastographic patterns could be distinguished in the controls: a clear predominance of the blue channel (hard areas) and a more heterogeneous pattern with predominance of the green channel (intermediate stiffness)...
September 29, 2018: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
Abeed Sarker, Maksim Belousov, Jasper Friedrichs, Kai Hakala, Svetlana Kiritchenko, Farrokh Mehryary, Sifei Han, Tung Tran, Anthony Rios, Ramakanth Kavuluru, Berry de Bruijn, Filip Ginter, Debanjan Mahata, Saif M Mohammad, Goran Nenadic, Graciela Gonzalez-Hernandez
Objective: We executed the Social Media Mining for Health (SMM4H) 2017 shared tasks to enable the community-driven development and large-scale evaluation of automatic text processing methods for the classification and normalization of health-related text from social media. An additional objective was to publicly release manually annotated data. Materials and Methods: We organized 3 independent subtasks: automatic classification of self-reports of 1) adverse drug reactions (ADRs) and 2) medication consumption, from medication-mentioning tweets, and 3) normalization of ADR expressions...
October 1, 2018: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
M Dolores Ibáñez, Pablo Rodríguez Del Río, Diego González-Segura Alsina, Vicenç Villegas Iglesias
The objective of this observational single-cohort prospective study was to assess the effect of synbiotic supplementation for 8 weeks in children with atopic dermatitis (AD). The synbiotic product contained Lactobacillus casei, Bifidobacterium lactis, Lactobacillus rhamnosus, Lactobacillus plantarum, fructooligosaccharide, galactooligosaccharide, and biotin. Patients were examined at baseline and at 8 weeks. Effectiveness of treatment was assessed with the Scoring Atopic Dermatitis (SCORAD) index. A total of 320 children (mean age 5...
September 26, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
Mayra Pacheco Fernandes, Renata Moraes Bielemann, Anaclaudia Gastal Fassa
OBJECTIVE: To identify factors associated with a better quality of the diet of residents of a rural area in Southern Brazil. METHODS: This is a population-based, cross-sectional study with individuals aged 18 years or over living in the rural area of Pelotas, State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Food consumption was evaluated by a food frequency questionnaire of thirteen items, related to the consumption in the last week. We evaluated quality of the diet using the Adult Diet Quality Index (IQD-A)...
September 17, 2018: Revista de Saúde Pública
A Fernandez-Sanz, J A Aladren-Sangros, H Tejada-Meza, G J Cruz-Velasquez, L F Angel-Rios, P Seral-Moral, J Artal-Roy, J Marta-Moreno
INTRODUCTION: Intracerebral haemorrhage is associated with high morbidity and mortality, and an increase in its volume in the early phases entails a poorer prognosis. The blend sign, the heterogeneous density, the irregular morphology and a fluid level in the haematoma are related to an early growth of the haematoma. AIM: To determine whether these four characteristics are associated with greater mortality at 7, 30 and 90 days of the occurrence of the intracerebral haemorrhage...
October 1, 2018: Revista de Neurologia
Giorgio Spatola, Roberto Martinez-Alvarez, Nuria Martínez-Moreno, German Rey, Juan Linera, Marcos Rios-Lago, Marta Sanz, Jorge Gutiérrez, Pablo Vidal, Raphaëlle Richieri, Jean Régis
OBJECTIVE Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a severe psychiatric condition. The authors present their experience with Gamma Knife radiosurgery (GKRS) in the treatment of patients with OCD resistant to any medical therapy. METHODS Patients with severe OCD resistant to all pharmacological and psychiatric treatments who were treated with anterior GKRS capsulotomy were retrospectively reviewed. These patients were submitted to a physical, neurological, and neuropsychological examination together with structural and functional MRI before and after GKRS treatment...
September 14, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
Lea Tami Suzuki Zuchelo, Edige Felipe de Sousa Santos, Francisco Winter Dos Santos Figueiredo, Fernando Adami, Italla Maria Pinheiro Bezerra, Rodrigo Daminello Raimundo, Isabel Cristina Esposito Sorpreso, Luiz Carlos de Abreu
Purpose: To analyze the postpartum pelvic floor disorders (PFD) and mode of delivery among adolescents, late adolescents, and young women from Western Amazon. Patients and methods: Cross-sectional study was carried out in the urban area of Western Amazon in the city of Rio Branco, Acre, Brazil, from October 2016 to February 2017. This is a convenience sample of women up to 30 years who completed six months postpartum, separated in three groups according to maternal age: adolescents (age ≤19 years), late adolescents (20-24 years), and young women (25-30 years)...
2018: International Journal of Women's Health
Aaron Rindflesch, Melissa Hake, Rio Haack, Andrew Kleven, Mary McPartlin, Jessica Strikwerda, John Hollman
OBJECTIVE: To compare patient outcomes following acute rehabilitation after total hip arthroplasty (THA) of two groups: patients treated by student physical therapists (SPTs) under licensed physical therapist (PT) supervision and by licensed PTs. PARTICIPANTS: Seventy-eight patients with rehabilitation managed by supervised SPTs and 78 treated by licensed PTs. Inclusion criteria were admission between 2010 and 2014, first-time THA, age 55 to 70 yrs, and research consent...
2018: Journal of Allied Health
Adenilda Lima Lopes Martins, Maria Fernanda Rios Grassi, Alisson de Aquino Firmino, Jean Paulo Lacerda Araujo, Taiane Silva Paixao, Bernardo Galvão-Castro, Ney Boa-Sorte
INTRODUCTION: Human T-lymphotropic virus (HTLV)-1-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP) is a neurological disorder that mostly affects women. This disease is characterized by a progressive loss of motor function and disruptions in sensory function in the lower limbs. HTLV-1 is also associated with isolated neurologic dysfunctions, overactive bladder, and erectile dysfunction. The occurrence of sexual dysfunction in HTLV-1-infected women remain unclear. AIM: To investigate associations between HTLV-1 infection and sexual dysfunction in both asymptomatic infected women and those diagnosed with HAM/TSP compared with uninfected women...
September 1, 2018: Sexual Medicine
J Melvin Deese, Gwen Gratto-Cox, Denny A Carter, Thomas M Sasser, Karah L Brown
Background: Unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) originated in the 1950's. There have been many enhancements to the implants and the technique, improving the precision and accuracy of this challenging operation. Specifically for Robotic Arm Interactive Orthopedic System (Rio; Mako Stryker, Fort Lauderdale, FL), there are many studies reporting clinical outcomes, but our search offered nothing regarding patient reported outcomes using validated surveys. Methods: Patients with onlay tibial components presenting for routine follow-up of robotic-arm assisted UKA performed between May 2009 and September 2013 were invited to participate...
September 2018: Journal of Orthopaedics
Marina Del Rios, Gabriel Morales, Josiah Han, Teri Campbell, Lisa Sharp, Ben Gerber
OBJECTIVE: Rates of bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and automated external defibrillator (AED) use are lower in Hispanic compared to non-Hispanic white communities. Novel instructional methods that focus on population subgroups most likely to benefit must be explored. The purpose of this study was to determine the feasibility, efficiency, and participant demographics of 10-minute educational intervention on bystander CPR and AED use delivered at a pre-match festival for Major League Soccer (MLS) fans...
August 2018: Journal of the National Medical Association
José Moreira, Ariane Paixão, Juliana Oliveira, Waldir Jaló, Ofélio Manuel, Rafaela Rodrigues, Alexandra Oliveira, Leonardo Tinoco, João Lima, Beatriz Grinsztejn, Valdiléa G Veloso, André M Japiassú, Cristiane C Lamas
OBJECTIVES: To compare the discriminatory capacity of the quick Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (qSOFA) versus the Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome (SIRS) score for predicting 30-day mortality and intensive care unit (ICU) admission in patients with suspicion of infection at an HIV reference center. METHODS: Prospective cohort study including consecutive adult patients who had suspected infection and subsequently admitted to the medical ward. Variables related to qSOFA and SIRS were measured at admission...
August 14, 2018: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
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