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Cubital Tunnel Syndrome:

Jin-Song Tong, Zhen Dong, Bin Xu, Cheng-Gang Zhang, Yu-Dong Gu
For severe cubital tunnel syndrome, patients with absent sensory nerve action potential tend to have more severe nerve damage than those without. Thus, it is speculated that such patients generally have a poor prognosis. How absent sensory nerve action potential affects surgical outcomes remains uncertain owing to a scarcity of reports and conflicting results. This retrospective study recruited one hundred and fourteen cases (88 patients with absent sensory nerve action potential and 26 patients with present sensory nerve action potential) undergoing either subcutaneous transposition or in situ decompression...
March 2019: Neural Regeneration Research
Michael Rutter, Louis C Grandizio, W James Malone, Joel C Klena
PURPOSE: To assess the use of preoperative, dynamic ultrasound to predict ulnar nerve instability following in situ decompression for cubital tunnel syndrome. METHODS: Prior to undergoing in situ decompression, 43 consecutive patients underwent dynamic ultrasound to assess the stability of the ulnar nerve during elbow flexion. The dynamic ultrasound findings were compared with the intraoperative assessment of nerve stability following in situ decompression. RESULTS: The preoperative dynamic ultrasound agreed with intraoperative findings in 38 of 43 patients (88%)...
November 27, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
Chrissie Massrey, Joe Iwanaga, Basem Ishak, Rod J Oskouian, Marios Loukas, R Shane Tubbs
The anconeus epitrochlearis is a muscle variant sometimes present at the elbow. It is present in up to 34% of individuals and has been implicated in some cases of cubital tunnel syndrome. We report an unusual variant of this muscle with additional proximal attachments in the arm. We will review and discuss the background and the clinical relevance of such a muscle.
August 24, 2018: Curēus
J A Bertelli, K E Tavares
We aimed to evaluate the abduction and adduction of the little finger based on a new clinical test in the context of ulnar nerve lesions. We tested little finger abduction and adduction in 34 patients with an isolated ulnar nerve injury and 20 patients with cubital tunnel syndrome. With their forearms supinated, patients were asked to fully abduct their little finger. Then, the examiner held the patients' index, middle, and ring fingers in extension and maximal radial deviation, and then asked the patients to touch their little finger to their radially deviated ring finger...
October 22, 2018: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
Takayuki Ishii, Masayoshi Ikeda, Ikuo Saito, Ayuko Shimizu, Daisuke Nakajima, Takehiko Takagi, Yuka Kobayashi, Masahiko Watanabe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Jeffrey Goldberg, Jeremy M Burnham, Vikas Dhawan
The ulnar nerve is most commonly compressed at the elbow in the cubital tunnel. Conservative and operative treatments have been applied for cubital tunnel syndrome. Surgical management options include decompression, medial epicondylectomy, and various anterior transposition techniques. We describe a novel technique of anterior transposition of the ulnar nerve by using Osborne's ligament as a sling to avoid subluxation. Osborne's ligament is incised posteriorly and medially on the olecranon to create a sling with 2 to 3 cm width...
September 2018: American Journal of Orthopedics
Seung Hoo Lee, Ki Ho Lee, Hye Jin Yoo
A 20-year-old male has presented with mild numbness and tingling sensation at 4, 5th finger of his left hand. Simple radiograph and MRI images revealed bony mass at medial joint space of ulno-humeral joint. After surgical exploration, we found that there were two cause of ulnar nerve irritation symptom. Fixed ulnar nerve position at anterior aspect to medial condyle with deficiency of nerve gliding was one cause, and friction irritation around bony mass was another. It is rarely reported that ulnar nerve always travels to the anterior side of the medial condyle of the elbow, and there are no cases involving skeletal variation...
September 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
Philippe Caron, Thierry Brue, Gérald Raverot, Antoine Tabarin, Anne Cailleux, Brigitte Delemer, Peggy Pierre Renoult, Aude Houchard, Fatine Elaraki, Philippe Chanson
PURPOSE: Acromegaly is characterized by a broad range of manifestations. Early diagnosis is key to treatment success, but is often delayed as symptomatology overlaps with common disorders. We investigated sign-and-symptom associations, demographics, and clinical characteristics at acromegaly diagnosis. METHODS: Observational, cross-sectional, multicenter non-interventional study conducted at 25 hospital departments in France that treat acromegaly (ClinicalTrials...
September 29, 2018: Endocrine
John J Pisquiy, Andrew G Chan, Gautham Prabhakar, Nicholas Kusnezov, John C Dunn
PURPOSE: Cubital tunnel syndrome (CuTS) is the second most common peripheral nerve entrapment syndrome. However, existing epidemiological evidence regarding the estimated incidence of the CuTS disease burden in specific populations is sparse, especially among the U.S. military. The purpose of this study was to describe the demographics and determine the incidence of CuTS among active duty U.S. military service members. METHODS: All first-time occurrences for CuTS among military members were identified using International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, clinical modification code 354...
September 25, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
Young Hak Roh, Sangwoo Kim, Hyun Sik Gong, Goo Hyun Baek
BACKGROUND: Little information is currently available to analyze unsatisfactory surgical outcomes for cubital tunnel syndrome (CuTS). The aim of this study was to analyze the clinical features influencing patient-reported outcomes of minimal medial epicondylectomy for CuTS. METHODS: We evaluated 91 patients who underwent minimal medial epicondylectomy for CuTS using the grip strength; two-point discrimination; Disability of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) questionnaire; and a satisfaction with treatment questionnaire for one year, postoperatively...
October 2018: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
Javier Robla Costales, Mariano Socolovsky, Jaime A Sánchez Lázaro, David Robla Costales
INTRODUCTION: Entrapment neuropathies are infrequent in children, and therefore remain unrecognized. The incidence of radial, median, and cubital mononeuropathies are all similar. Despite the rarity of such cases, extensive, albeit scattered, literature has accumulated concerning entrapment neuropathies in children. OBJECTIVE: To the literature concerning entrapment neuropathies in children. METHODS: A systematic review of the existing literature has been made...
September 12, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
Il-Jung Park, Hyoung-Min Kim, Jae-Young Lee, Changhoon Jeong, Younghoon Kang, Sunwook Hwang, Byung-Yoon Sung, Soo-Hwan Kang
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the clinical manifestation and surgical results following operative treatment of cubital tunnel syndrome (CuTS) caused by anconeus epitrochlearis (AE) muscle. METHODS: Among 142 patients who underwent surgery for CuTS from November 2007 to October 2015, 12 were assigned to the AE group based on discovery of AE muscle; 130 patients were assigned to the other group. We analyzed retrospectively; age, sex, dominant hand, symptom duration, and weakness in hand...
September 2018: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
Chul-Hyun Cho, Yong-Ho Lee, Kwang-Soon Song, Kyung-Jae Lee, Si-Wook Lee, Sung-Moon Lee
Background: The aim of this study was to assess the consistency between preoperative ultrasonographic and intraoperative measurements of the ulnar nerve in patients with cubital tunnel syndrome. Methods: Twenty-six cases who underwent anterior transposition of the ulnar nerve for cubital tunnel syndrome were enrolled prospectively. On preoperative ultrasonography, largest cross-sectional diameters of the ulnar nerve were measured at the level of medial epicondyle (ME) and 3 cm proximal (PME) and distal (DME) to the ME on the transverse scan by a single experienced radiologist...
September 2018: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
Kyle Andrews, Andrea Rowland, Ankur Pranjal, Nabil Ebraheim
Cubital tunnel syndrome is the second most common peripheral nerve compression seen by hand surgeons. A thorough understanding of the ulnar nerve anatomy and common sites of compression are required to determine the cause of the neuropathy and proper treatment. Recognizing the various clinical presentations of ulnar nerve compression can guide the surgeon to choose examination tests that aid in localizing the site of compression. Diagnostic studies such as radiographs and electromyography can aid in diagnosis...
September 2018: Journal of Orthopaedics
Paul J Choi, Chidinma Nwaogbe, Joe Iwanaga, Georgi P Georgiev, Rod J Oskouian, R Shane Tubbs
Introduction A reoperation for a cubital tunnel syndrome is not uncommon. Patients often complain of sensorimotor symptoms in the ulnar nerve distribution after their primary surgery. The documented etiologies for such a phenomenon include a "new" kinking of the distal ulnar nerve and a "new" compression of the ulnar nerve by the fascial septum in between or tendinous bands over the muscles of the forearm. The deep fascial plane along which the ulnar nerve travels in the forearm has had scant attention...
June 19, 2018: Curēus
T Krejčí, Z Večeřa, O Krejčí, D Šalounová, M Houdek, Radim Lipina
BACKGROUND: Prospective randomized data is currently lacking which compares endoscopically assisted surgery with open surgical techniques in the treatment of cubital tunnel syndrome (CUTS). The aim of this study is to compare patient outcome in both techniques. METHOD: This prospective study comprised of 45 patients who, between October 2014 and February 2017, were randomly assigned to undergo either endoscopic or open surgery (22 and 23 patients respectively) for decompression of the ulnar nerve...
October 2018: Acta Neurochirurgica
Adam Carlton, Syed I Khalid
Purpose: This review was undertaken in order to provide an updated summary of the current literature on outcomes for various surgical treatments for cubital tunnel syndrome. Methods: Studies reporting outcomes for surgical treatment of cubital tunnel syndrome were collected through the PubMed database. Study structure, number of participants/procedures, mean follow-up times, scoring scales, and outcomes were collected according to the type of surgery: open decompression, endoscopic decompression, minimal incision, subcutaneous transposition, intramuscular transposition, and submuscular transposition...
2018: Frontiers in Surgery
T David Luo, Amy P Trammell, Luke P Hedrick, Ethan R Wiesler, Francis O Walker, Mark J Warburton
BACKGROUND: In cubital tunnel syndrome (CuTS), chronic compression often occurs at the origin of the flexor carpi ulnaris at the medial epicondyle. Motor nerve conduction velocity (NCV) across the elbow is assessed preoperatively to corroborate the clinical impression of CuTS. The purpose of this study was to correlate preoperative NCV to the direct measurements of ulnar nerve size about the elbow at the time of surgery in patients with clinical and/or electrodiagnostic evidence of CuTS...
August 7, 2018: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
M Balevi, S Ozturk
Background/Aim: Ulnar compressive neuropathy is the second most common nerve compression in the upper extremity. Although numerous operative procedures have been defined for the treatment of cubital tunnel syndrome (CuTS), the best operative intervention remains controversial. The aim of this study is to discuss the efficacy of a modified simple decompression (MSD) of the ulnar nerve in the treatment of CuTS. Materials and Methods: Each patient was preoperatively examined, and the following data were recorded: initial complaint, duration of symptoms, and presence of Tinel's sign around the elbow, results of provocation by the elbow flexion test, and results of electrodiagnostic studies...
August 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
Ing-Jeng Chen, Ke-Vin Chang, Wei-Ting Wu, Levent Özçakar
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the diagnostic performance of available ultrasound (US) parameters, other than the direct measurements of ulnar nerve size, that is, cross-sectional area (CSA) and diameter, for diagnosing cubital tunnel syndrome (CuTS). DATA SOURCES: Databases, including PubMed and Embase, were searched from the earliest record of CuTS US to April 24, 2018. STUDY SELECTION: Published studies (N=13) comparing US parameters of ulnar nerves between patients with CuTS and patients without CuTS were included...
July 25, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
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