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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449543/nanoporous-cyanate-ester-resins-structure-gas-transport-property-relationships
#1
Kristina Gusakova, Alexander Fainleib, Eliane Espuche, Olga Grigoryeva, Olga Starostenko, Fabrice Gouanve, Gisèle Boiteux, Jean-Marc Saiter, Daniel Grande
This contribution addresses the relationships between the structure and gas transport properties of nanoporous thermostable cyanate ester resins (CERs) derived from polycyclotrimerization of 1,1'-bis(4-cyanatophenyl)ethane in the presence of 30 or 50 wt% of inert high-boiling temperature porogens (i.e., dimethyl- or dibutyl phthalates), followed by their quantitative removal. The nanopores in the films obtained were generated via a chemically induced phase separation route with further porogen extraction from the densely crosslinked CERs...
December 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449230/metal-free-arene-and-heteroarene-borylation-catalyzed-by-strongly-electrophilic-bis-boranes
#2
Gerhard Erker, Yun-Lin Liu, Gerald Kehr, Constantin G Daniliuc
The geminal chelate bis-borylalkanes 4 and 5 featuring strongly electrophilic B(C6F5)2 and B(C6F5) groups, respectively, serve as efficient catalysts for the borylation of arenes and heteroarenes. The borylation reactions proceed under mild conditions with liberation of dihydrogen.
April 27, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448906/variation-in-the-toxicity-of-sediment-associated-substituted-phenylamine-antioxidants-to-an-epibenthic-hyalella-azteca-and-endobenthic-tubifex-tubifex-invertebrate
#3
R S Prosser, A J Bartlett, D Milani, E A M Holman, H Ikert, D Schissler, J Toito, J L Parrott, P L Gillis, V K Balakrishnan
Substituted phenylamine antioxidants (SPAs) are produced in relatively high volumes and used in a range of applications (e.g., rubber, polyurethane); however, little is known about their toxicity to aquatic biota. Therefore, current study examined the effects of chronic exposure (28 d) to four sediment-associated SPAs on epibenthic (Hyalella azteca) and endobenthic (Tubifex tubifex) organisms. In addition, acute (96-h), water-only exposures were conducted with H. azteca. Mortality, growth and biomass production were assessed in juvenile H...
April 17, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448877/synthesis-structure-and-cytotoxicity-of-a-series-of-dioxidomolybdenum-vi-complexes-featuring-salan-ligands
#4
Satabdi Roy, Monalisa Mohanty, Sagarika Pasayat, Sudarshana Majumder, Kulanthaivel Senthilguru, Indranil Banerjee, Martin Reichelt, Hans Reuter, Ekkehard Sinn, Rupam Dinda
Seven hexacoordinated cis-dioxidomolybdenum(VI) complexes [MoO2L(1-7)] (1-7) derived from various tetradentate diamino bis(phenolato) "salan" ligands, N,N'-dimethyl-N,N'-bis-(2-hydroxy-3-X-5-Y-6-Z-benzyl)-1,2-diaminoethane {(X=Br, Y=Me, Z=H (H2L(1)); X=Me, YCl, Z=H (H2L(2)); X=(i)Pr, Y=Cl, Z=Me (H2L(3))} and N,N'-bis-(2-hydroxy-3-X-5-Y-6-Z-benzyl)-1,2-diaminopropane {(X=Y=(t)Bu, Z=H (H2L(4)); X=Y=Me, Z=H (H2L(5)); X=(i)Pr, YCl, Z=Me (H2L(6)); X=Y=Br, Z=H (H2L(7))} containing O-N donor atoms, have been isolated and structurally characterized...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448635/excited-state-dynamics-of-bis-dehydroxycurcumin-tert-butyl-ester-a-diketo-shifted-derivative-of-the-photosensitizer-curcumin
#5
Luca Nardo, Angelo Maspero, Andrea Penoni, Giovanni Palmisano, Erika Ferrari, Monica Saladini
Bis-dehydroxycurcumin tert-butyl ester (K2T23) is a derivative of the natural spice curcumin. Curcumin is widely studied for its multiple therapeutic properties, including photosensitized cytotoxicity. However, the full exploitation of curcumin phototoxic potential is hindered by the extreme instability of its excited state, caused by very efficient non radiative decay by means of transfer of the enolic proton to the nearby keto oxygen. K2T23 is designed to exhibit a tautomeric equilibrium shifted toward the diketo conformers with respect to natural curcumin...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448132/eu-iii-chiral-coordination-polymer-with-a-structural-transformation-system
#6
Naoyuki Koiso, Yuichi Kitagawa, Takayuki Nakanishi, Koji Fushimi, Yasuchika Hasegawa
A luminescent Eu(III) chiral coordination polymer with a structural transformation system, [Eu(hfa)3((R)-bidp)]n (hfa: haxafluoroacetylacetonato, (R)-bidp: (R)-1,1'-binaphthyl-2,2'-bis(diphenylphosphinate), is reported. Single-crystal X-ray analysis revealed a characteristic helical polymer structure of [Eu(hfa)3((R)-bidp)]n with hydrogen-fluorine/π interactions. [Eu(hfa)3((R)-bidp)]n shows high thermostability (decomposition temperature = 320 °C) and strong luminescence properties (the 4f-4f emission quantum yield = 76%) in the solid state due to its tight packing and asymmetric structure...
April 27, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448129/alkaline-earth-derivatives-of-the-reactive-hb-c6f5-3-anion
#7
Mathew D Anker, Merle Arrowsmith, Rory L Arrowsmith, Michael S Hill, Mary F Mahon
The β-diketiminato magnesium amidoboranes [HC{(Me)CNDipp}2Mg(NMe2BH2NMe2·BH3)] and [HC{(t-Bu)CNDipp}2Mg(NMe2·BH3)] are readily converted to the corresponding derivatives of the [HB(C6F5)3](-) anion by treatment with B(C6F5)3. The bis(borohydride) derivatives of the heaviest alkaline-earth elements, strontium and barium, may be similarly synthesized by reaction of strontium or barium dimethylamidoboranes and B(C6F5)3 and by metathesis reactions of either SrI2 or BaI2 and 2 molar equiv of K(HB(C6F5)3). The strontium and barium compounds have been fully characterized in solution and in the solid state as the respective tris(diethyl ether) and tetrakis(tetrahydrofuran) adducts...
April 27, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447790/improvement-of-photovoltaic-performance-of-colloidal-quantum-dot-solar-cells-using-organic-small-molecule-as-hole-selective-layer
#8
Yaohong Zhang, Guohua Wu, Ivan Mora-Sero, Chao Ding, Feng Liu, Qingxun Huang, Yuhei Ogomi, Shuzi Hayase, Taro Toyoda, Ruixiang Wang, Joe Otsuki, Qing Shen
A novel organic small molecule bis-triphenylamine with spiro(fluorene-9,9'-xanthene) as the conjugated system, named BTPA-4, is successfully synthesized and employed as the hole-selective layer (HSL) in colloidal quantum dots solar cells (CQDSCs). The introduction of BTPA-4 layer can significantly prolong effective carrier lifetime (τeff), increase charge recombination resistance (Rrec), and thus diminish the interfacial charge recombination at the PbS-QDs/Au electrode interface. The effect of BTPA-4 as HSL in the device performance is especially significant for the open-circuit voltage (Voc) and power conversion efficiency (PCE), with a ~ 10% and 15% enhancement respectively, comparing with those of device without the HSL...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447361/the-effect-of-dietary-chlorella-vulgaris-inclusion-on-goat-s-milk-chemical-composition-fatty-acids-profile-and-enzymes-activities-related-to-oxidation
#9
E Tsiplakou, M A M Abdullah, A Mavrommatis, M Chatzikonstantinou, D Skliros, K Sotirakoglou, E Flemetakis, N E Labrou, G Zervas
The impact of dietary supplementation with microalgae on goat's milk chemical composition, fatty acids (FA) profile and enzymes activities related to antioxidant mechanism has not been well documented. Thus, this study aimed to investigate the effects of dietary inclusion of Chlorella vulgaris on the following: (i) milk yield, chemical composition and FA profile, (ii) the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione reductase (GR), glutathione transferase (GST) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) in blood plasma and (iii) the activities of SOD, GR and lactoperoxidase (LPO) in milk of goats...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447132/high-throughput-analysis-of-sub-visible-mab-aggregate-particles-using-automated-fluorescence-microscopy-imaging
#10
Albert Jesuran Paul, Fabian Bickel, Martina Röhm, Lisa Hospach, Bettina Halder, Nina Rettich, René Handrick, Eva Maria Herold, Hans Kiefer, Friedemann Hesse
Aggregation of therapeutic proteins is a major concern as aggregates lower the yield and can impact the efficacy of the drug as well as the patient's safety. It can occur in all production stages; thus, it is essential to perform a detailed analysis for protein aggregates. Several methods such as size exclusion high-performance liquid chromatography (SE-HPLC), light scattering, turbidity, light obscuration, and microscopy-based approaches are used to analyze aggregates. None of these methods allows determination of all types of higher molecular weight (HMW) species due to a limited size range...
April 27, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445166/repurposing-compact-discs-as-master-molds-to-fabricate-high-performance-organic-nanowire-field-effect-transistors
#11
Kyunghun Kim, Jinhwi Cho, Heesauk Jhon, Jongwook Jeon, Myounggon Kang, Chan Eon Park, Jihoon Lee, Tae Kyu An
Organic field-effect transistors (OFETs) have been developed over the past few decades due to their potential applications in future electronics such as wearable and foldable electronics. As the electrical performance of OFETs has improved, patterning organic semiconducting crystals has become a key issue for their commercialization. However, conventional soft lithographic techniques have required the use of expensive processes to fabricate high-resolution master molds. In this study, we demonstrated a cost-effective method to prepare nanopatterned master molds for the fabrication of high-performance nanowire OFETs...
May 19, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445148/pkc-and-camk-ii-inhibitions-coordinately-rescue-ischemia-induced-gabaergic-neuron-dysfunction
#12
Li Huang, Chun Wang, Shidi Zhao, Rongjing Ge, Sudong Guan, Jin-Hui Wang
Cerebral ischemia leads to neuronal death for stroke, in which the imbalance between glutamatergic neurons and GABAergic neurons toward neural excitotoxicity is presumably involved. GABAergic neurons are vulnerable to pathological factors and impaired in an early stage of ischemia. The rescue of GABAergic neurons is expected to be the strategy to reserve ischemic neuronal impairment. As protein kinase C (PKC) and calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMK-II) are activated during ischemia, we have investigated whether the inhibitions of these kinases rescue the ischemic impairment of cortical GABAergic neurons...
April 7, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445045/intermediates-and-reactivity-in-iron-catalyzed-cross-couplings-of-alkynyl-grignards-with-alkyl-halides
#13
Jared L Kneebone, William W Brennessel, Michael L Neidig
Iron-catalyzed cross-coupling reactions using alkynyl nucleophiles represent an attractive approach for the incorporation of alkynyl moieties into organic molecules. In the present study, a multi-technique approach combining inorganic spectroscopic methods, inorganic synthesis, and reaction studies is applied to iron-SciOPP catalyzed alkynyl-alkyl cross-couplings, providing the first detailed insight into the effects of variation from sp(2) to sp nucleophiles on iron speciation and reactivity. Reaction studies demonstrate that reaction of FeBr2(SciOPP) with 1 equiv (triisopropylsilyl)ethynylmagnesium bromide (TIPS-CC-MgBr) leads to a distribution of mono-, bis-, and tris-alkynylated iron(II)-SciOPP species due to rapid alkynyl ligand redistribution...
April 26, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444920/synthesis-of-mono-bis-and-tris-pentafluoroethyl-tin-derivatives-c2f5-4-nsnxn-x-ph-me-cl-br-cp-n%C3%A2-%C3%A2-1-3
#14
Johannes Klösener, Markus Wiesemann, Mark Niemann, Beate Neumann, Hans-Georg Stammler, Berthold Hoge
For (pentafluoroethyl)phenylstannanes, (C2F5)4-nSnPhn (n = 1-3), and dimethylbis(pentafluoroethyl)stannane, (C2F5)2SnMe2, a high yield synthesis was developed by the use of LiC2F5 as a C2F5 transfer reagent. The treatment of these products with gaseous hydrogen chloride or hydrogen bromide afforded (C2F5)4-nSnXn (X = Cl, Br; n = 1-3) in good yields. The (pentafluoroethyl)stannanes were fully characterized by 1H, 13C, 19F and 119Sn NMR, IR spectroscopy and mass spectrometry. The treatment of the (pentafluoroethyl)tin halides (C2F5)4-nSnXn with 1,10-phenanthroline (phen) led to the formation of the corresponding octahedrally coordinated complexes [(C2F5)4-nSnXn(phen)], the structures of which were elucidated by X-ray diffraction analyses...
April 26, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444880/abstractband-anl%C3%A3-sslich-der-49-tagung-der-deutschen-dermatologischen-gesellschaft-vereinigung-deutschsprachiger-dermatologen-e-v-in-berlin-vom-26-bis-29-april-2017
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444699/design-synthesis-and-chemistry-of-bis-%C3%AF-borate-and-agostic-complexes-of-group-7-metals
#16
Koushik Saha, Rongala Ramalakshmi, Suman Gomosta, Kriti Pathak, Vincent Dorcet, Thierry Roisnel, Jean-François Halet, Sundargopal Ghosh
A series of new bis()borate and agostic complexes of group 7 metals have been synthesized and structurally characterized from various borate ligands, such as, Na[(H3B)bbza], Na[(H3B)abz] and Na[(H2B)mp2] (bbza = bis(benzothiazol-2-yl)amine, abz = 2-aminobenzothiazolyl and mp = 2-mercaptopyridyl). Photolysis of [Mn2(CO)10] with Na[(H3B)bbza] led to the formation of bis()borate complex [Mn(CO)3(μ-H)2BHNCSC6H4(NR)], 1 (R = NCSC6H4). Under similar reaction conditions, [Re2(CO)10] generated an octahedral complex [Re(CO)2(N3C2S2C12H8)2], 2...
April 25, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443934/hg-ii-and-pd-ii-complexes-with-a-new-selenoether-bridged-biscarbene-ligand-efficient-mono-and-bis-arylation-of-methyl-acrylate-with-a-pincer-biscarbene-pd-ii-precatalyst
#17
Rishu, Billa Prashanth, Deependra Bawari, Ushnish Mandal, Aditya Verma, Angshuman Roy Choudhury, Sanjay Singh
Two equivalents of 1-benzyl-3-bromoethylbenzimidazolium bromide couple with Na2Se to produce the first selenoether bridged bis-benzimidazolium salt (LH2)Br2. The nitrate (LH2)(NO3)2 and tetrafluoroborate (LH2)(BF4)2 salts were also synthesized from (LH2)Br2. The reaction of Hg(OAc)2 with (LH2)Br2 gave the first pseudo pincer carbene mercury complex, [Hg(L-κ(2)C)][HgBr4] (C1). Different complexes of Pd(ii) with selenoether bridged carbene were obtained using (LH2)Br2 and (LH2)(NO3)2. Syntheses of these complexes were dependent on the counter anion and the temperature...
April 26, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443925/the-effect-of-ligand-ligand-interactions-on-the-formation-of-photoluminescent-gold-nanoclusters-embedded-in-au-i-thiolate-supramolecules
#18
Hsiang-Yu Chang, Yu-Ting Tseng, Zhiqin Yuan, Hung-Lung Chou, Ching-Hsiang Chen, Bing-Joe Hwang, Meng-Che Tsai, Huan-Tsung Chang, Chih-Ching Huang
In this study, we prepared photoluminescent l-cysteine (Cys)-capped gold nanoclusters (Cys-Au NCs) via NaBH4-mediated reduction of aggregated coordination polymers (supramolecules) of -[Cys-Au(i)]n-. The -[Cys-Au(i)]n- supramolecules with interesting chiral properties were formed through simple reactions of chloroauric acid (HAuCl4) with Cys at certain pH values (pH 3-7). The -[Cys-Au(i)]n- polymers could self-assemble into -[Cys-Au(i)]n- supramolecules with irregular morphologies and diameters larger than 500 nm through stacked hydrogen bonding and zwitterionic interactions between Cys ligands and through Au(i)Au(i) aurophilic interactions in solutions with pH values ≤7...
April 26, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443924/investigations-on-the-photochromic-properties-of-2-6-bis-5-bromo-2-hydroxybenzylidene-cyclohexanone
#19
L N Corîci, S Shova, V Badea, D Aparaschivei, O Costisor, L Cseh
The network of chemical reactions of 2,6-bis(5-bromo-2-hydroxybenzylidene)cyclohexanone (BHBC) when subjected to light and different pH values has been investigated. The pH dependent species involved in the chemical network have been identified and characterized by NMR and UV-VIS spectroscopy. Direct pH jumps were carried out by adding a strong acid to equilibrated solutions of trans-chalcone (Ct) forming the flavylium cation which was stable only under extremely acidic conditions (pH < 0.5). The single crystal X-ray study and NMR analysis has confirmed the structure of the new flavylium cation...
April 26, 2017: Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443915/photochemical-studies-on-bis-sulfide-and-sulfone-tethered-polyenic-derivatives
#20
Simon Guélen, Max Blazejak, Lise-Marie Chamoreau, Arnaud Huguet, Sylvie Derenne, François Volatron, Virginie Mouriès-Mansuy, Louis Fensterbank
This study focusses on the [2 + 2]-photocycloaddition of a symmetric polyenic system tethered by an aryl bis-sulfide or sulfone platform. Using direct irradiation or photosensitization, no expected ladderane product was isolated. In most cases, only tricyclic products including a single cyclobutane moiety were formed. Irradiation of bis-acrylic precursors in water with encapsulation by a host (cyclodextrin or cucurbituril) provided a stereoselective access to valuable cyclobutyl adducts.
April 26, 2017: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
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