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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30286056/factors-contributing-to-congenital-syphilis-cases-new-york-city-2010-2016
#1
Jennifer Sanderson Slutsker, Robin R Hennessy, Julia A Schillinger
Congenital syphilis occurs when syphilis is transmitted from a pregnant woman to her fetus; congenital syphilis can be prevented through screening and treatment during pregnancy. Transmission to the fetus can occur at any stage of maternal infection, but is more likely during primary and secondary syphilis, with rates of transmission up to 100% at these stages (1). Untreated syphilis during pregnancy can cause spontaneous abortion, stillbirth, and early infant death. During 2013-2017, national rates of congenital syphilis increased from 9...
October 5, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30192449/maternal-anxiety-during-pregnancy-and-the-association-with-adverse-perinatal-outcomes-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Sophie Grigoriadis, Lisa Graves, Miki Peer, Lana Mamisashvili, George Tomlinson, Simone N Vigod, Cindy-Lee Dennis, Meir Steiner, Cara Brown, Amy Cheung, Hiltrud Dawson, Neil A Rector, Melanie Guenette, Margaret Richter
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review and meta-analysis examined the association between maternal antenatal anxiety (AA) and a range of perinatal outcomes. DATA SOURCES: Ovid MEDLINE, MEDLINE In-Process and Other Non-Indexed Citations, PsycINFO, CINAHL, Embase, and the Cochrane Library were searched to May 31, 2016, using controlled vocabulary and keywords (eg, prenatal, anxiety, preterm). STUDY SELECTION: Perinatal outcomes of women with and without AA (diagnosed or self-reported using validated scale) derived from English language, prospectively collected data were included...
September 4, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30144277/early-or-late-pregnancy-loss-and-development-of-clinical-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-a-prospective-cohort-study
#3
Julie Horn, Lauren J Tanz, Jennifer J Stuart, Amanda R Markovitz, Geraldine Skurnik, Eric B Rimm, Stacey A Missmer, Janet W Rich-Edwards
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between the outcome of a woman's first pregnancy and risk of clinical cardiovascular disease risk factors. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING AND POPULATION: Nurses' Health Study II. METHODS: Multivariable-adjusted Cox proportional hazards models were used to compute hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for the associations between first pregnancy outcome and hypertension, type 2 diabetes, and hypercholesterolemia...
August 24, 2018: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30080256/effect-of-partograph-use-on-outcomes-for-women-in-spontaneous-labour-at-term-and-their-babies
#4
REVIEW
Tina Lavender, Anna Cuthbert, Rebecca Md Smyth
BACKGROUND: The partograph (sometimes known as partogram) is usually a pre-printed paper form on which labour observations are recorded. The aim of the partograph is to provide a pictorial overview of labour, and to alert midwives and obstetricians to deviations in maternal or fetal well-being and labour progress. Charts have traditionally contained pre-printed alert and action lines. An alert line, which is based on the slowest 10% of primigravid women's labours, signifies slow progress...
August 6, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29961407/maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes-following-expectant-management-of-preterm-prelabor-rupture-of-membranes-before-viability
#5
Winnie Huiyan Sim, Hamon Ng, Penelope Sheehan
PURPOSE: To provide center-based outcome data on obstetric and neonatal complications arising from expectantly managed pregnancies affected by preterm prelabor rupture of membranes (PPROM) before viability. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We collected data on 130 consecutive pregnancies complicated by spontaneous rupture of membranes before 24 week's gestation, occurring over a 7-year period. These were women who delivered >24 h after membrane rupture, and had no signs of chorioamnionitis or advanced labor at admission...
August 13, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29945645/early-pregnancy-loss-in-belagavi-karnataka-india-2014-2017-a-prospective-population-based-observational-study-in-a-low-resource-setting
#6
Sangappa M Dhaded, Manjunath S Somannavar, Jane P Jacob, Elizabeth M McClure, Sunil S Vernekar, S Yogesh Kumar, Avinash Kavi, Umesh Y Ramadurg, Janet L Moore, Dennis P Wallace, Richard J Derman, Robert L Goldenberg, Shivaprasad S Goudar
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of early pregnancy loss through miscarriage and medically terminated pregnancy (MTP) is largely unknown due to lack of early registration of pregnancies in most regions, and especially in low- and middle-income countries. Understanding the rates of early pregnancy loss as well as the characteristics of pregnant women who experience miscarriage or MTP can assist in better planning of reproductive health needs of women. METHODS: A prospective, population-based study was conducted in Belagavi District, south India...
June 22, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29866069/assessment-of-quality-of-obstetric-care-in-zimbabwe-using-the-standard-primipara
#7
Bothwell Takaingofa Guzha, Thulani Lesley Magwali, Bismark Mateveke, Maxwell Chirehwa, George Nyandoro, Stephen Peter Munjanja
BACKGROUND: To improve maternity services in any country, there is need to monitor the quality of obstetric care. There is usually disparity of obstetric care and outcomes in most countries among women giving birth in different obstetric units. However, comparing the quality of obstetric care is difficult because of heterogeneous population characteristics and the difference in prevalence of complications. The concept of the standard primipara was introduced as a tool to control for these various confounding factors...
June 4, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788389/pregnancy-after-vasectomy-surgical-reversal-or-assisted-reproduction
#8
U Valerie, S De Brucker, M De Brucker, V Vloeberghs, P Drakopoulos, S Santos-Ribeiro, H Tournaye
STUDY QUESTION: Should we opt for surgical vasovasostomy or IVF/ICSI after a vasectomy? SUMMARY ANSWER: Both options reveal acceptable pregnancy rates though the time to pregnancy was significantly lower in the immediate IVF/ICSI group. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: About 7.4% of men regret their vasectomy and express a renewed child wish. The choice between surgical vasectomy reversal or ICSI remains difficult for patients and their fertility specialist...
July 1, 2018: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704487/cervical-pessary-to-reduce-preterm-birth-34-weeks-of-gestation-after-an-episode-of-preterm-labor-and-a-short-cervix-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Laia Pratcorona, Maria Goya, Carme Merced, Carlota Rodó, Elisa Llurba, Teresa Higueras, Luis Cabero, Elena Carreras
BACKGROUND: To date, no intervention has proved effective in reducing the spontaneous preterm birth rate in singleton pregnancies following an episode of threatened preterm labor and short cervix remaining. OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to ascertain whether cervical pessaries could be useful in preventing spontaneous preterm birth in women with singleton pregnancies and a short cervix after a threatened preterm labor episode. STUDY DESIGN: This open randomized controlled trial was conducted in 357 pregnant women (between 240 -336 weeks) who had not delivered 48 hours after a threatened preterm labor episode and had a short cervix remaining (≤25 mm at 240 -296 weeks; ≤15 mm at 300 -336 weeks)...
July 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649543/fate-of-recurrent-or-persistent-varicocele-in-the-era-of-assisted-reproduction-technology-microsurgical-subinguinal-redo-varicocelectomy-versus-observation
#10
Selahittin Çayan, Erdem Akbay
OBJECTIVE: To compare sperm parameters, serum hormone levels, and pregnancy and miscarriage rates between the infertile men with recurrent or persistent varicocele who underwent microsurgical subinguinal redo varicocelectomy or had observation only. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 217 primary infertile men with recurrent or persistent varicocele. The patients were divided into 2 groups: 120 men underwent microsurgical subinguinal redo varicocelectomy, and 97 had observation only...
July 2018: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625554/antiepileptic-drug-exposure-in-pregnancy-and-pregnancy-outcome-from-national-drug-usage-data
#11
Noni Richards, David Reith, Michael Stitely, Alesha Smith
BACKGROUND: Antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) are used by pregnant women to manage conditions such as epilepsy and bipolar disorder even though they pose a risk to the developing foetus. This study aimed to determine the overall use of AEDs by women during their childbearing years and women who are pregnant and the association between AED use and rates of pregnancy termination and spontaneous abortion. METHODS: Retrospective population based cohort study using administrative databases in New Zealand between 2008 and 2014...
April 6, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397624/-retrospective-analysis-of-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-breast-cancer-in-pregnancy
#12
F W Wang, S M Fu, Y C Jin, X H Gong, H D Cheng, K J Wu
Objective: To investigate the principles of diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer during pregnancy. Methods: Clinical data of patients with breast cancer during pregnancy admitted to Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital of Fudan University between January 2012 to July 2017 were analyzed retrospectively. A total of 17 patients were diagnosed with breast cancer in pregnancy, the median age was 32 years (range from 25 to 45 years old), pathological staging revealed 2 patient with stage 0, 1 with stage Ⅱa, 7 with stage Ⅱb, 1 with stage Ⅲa, 2 with stage Ⅲc, 4 with stage Ⅳ...
February 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278227/dhea-supplementation-improves-endometrial-hoxa-10-mrna-expression-in-poor-responders
#13
Önder Çelik, Mustafa Acet, Aytaç İmren, Nilüfer Çelik, Aynur Erşahin, Lebriz Hale Aktun, Barış Otlu, Sudenaz Çelik, Eray Çalışkan, Cihat Ünlü
OBJECTIVE: The study was planned to investigate whether DHEA supplementation had an impact on endometrial receptivity in women who were poor responders (POR). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty-eight POR women who were undergoing hysteroscopy and five fertile control subjects were included. The POR women were equally subdivided into two separate groups as patients who were currently using DHEA and those who were not. Endometrial samples of the subjects were obtained during hysteroscopy at the late follicular phase...
December 15, 2017: Journal of the Turkish German Gynecological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191448/adverse-perinatal-outcomes-associated-with-crown-rump-length-discrepancy-in-in-vitro-fertilization-pregnancies
#14
Kristy Cho, Caitlin Dunne, Arianne Y K Albert, Jon C Havelock
OBJECTIVE(S): To determine whether an association exists between small crown-rump length (CRL) and adverse obstetrical outcomes in pregnancies conceived by IVF and to compare a CRL reference based on IVF pregnancies to a reference based on spontaneous pregnancies. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. CRL was classified as small by comparing it with the local university hospital maternal fetal medicine standard and the Monash IVF reference chart. SETTING: University-affiliated fertility center...
January 2018: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147846/hcg-administration-after-endogenous-lh-rise-negatively-influences-pregnancy-rate-in-modified-natural-cycle-for-frozen-thawed-euploid-blastocyst-transfer-a-pilot-study
#15
Katarzyna Litwicka, Cecilia Mencacci, Cristiana Arrivi, Maria Teresa Varricchio, Alina Caragia, Maria Giulia Minasi, Ermanno Greco
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether in a modified natural cycle (modified-NC) for a frozen-thawed single euploid blastocyst transfer, a critical LH value, above which human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) administration should be avoided, may be defined. METHODS: One hundred and sixty-seven patients underwent modified natural cycle in order to transfer a single frozen-thawed euploid blastocyst. All embryos were obtained by intracytoplasmic sperm injection and were biopsied at the blastocyst stage and analyzed by means of array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH)...
March 2018: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095502/obstetric-outcomes-after-conservative-treatment-for-cervical-intraepithelial-lesions-and-early-invasive-disease
#16
REVIEW
Maria Kyrgiou, Antonios Athanasiou, Ilkka E J Kalliala, Maria Paraskevaidi, Anita Mitra, Pierre Pl Martin-Hirsch, Marc Arbyn, Phillip Bennett, Evangelos Paraskevaidis
BACKGROUND: The mean age of women undergoing local treatment for pre-invasive cervical disease (cervical intra-epithelial neoplasia; CIN) or early cervical cancer (stage IA1) is around their 30s and similar to the age of women having their first child. Local cervical treatment has been correlated to adverse reproductive morbidity in a subsequent pregnancy, however, published studies and meta-analyses have reached contradictory conclusions. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of local cervical treatment for CIN and early cervical cancer on obstetric outcomes (after 24 weeks of gestation) and to correlate these to the cone depth and comparison group used...
November 2, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055060/gonadotropin-releasing-hormone-agonists-for-ovarian-protection-during-cancer-chemotherapy-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
J C Senra, M Roque, M C T Talim, F M Reis, R L C Tavares
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRHa) administration before and/or during cancer chemotherapy for the protection of ovarian reserve in premenopausal women without prior diagnosis of infertility. METHODS: This was a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing administration of GnRHa before and/or during chemotherapy vs chemotherapy alone. Eligible participants were premenopausal women at any stage of cancer, without previous diagnosis of infertility...
January 2018: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054042/spontaneous-hemoperitoneum-in-pregnancy-ship-and-endometriosis-a-systematic-review-of-the-recent-literature
#18
REVIEW
Marit C I Lier, Romana F Malik, Johannes C F Ket, Cornelis B Lambalk, Ivo A Brosens, Velja Mijatovic
Spontaneous Hemoperitoneum in Pregnancy (SHiP), an unprovoked (nontraumatic) intraperitoneal bleeding in pregnancy (up to 42days postpartum), is associated with serious adverse pregnancy outcomes. To evaluate the clinical consequences of SHiP and its association with endometriosis, a systematic review was conducted according to the PRISMA guidelines. PubMed, Embase.com and Thomson Reuters/Web of Science were searched for articles published since the latest review (August 2008) until September 2016. After assessment for eligibility, forty-four articles were included in this systematic review, describing 59 cases of SHiP...
December 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928434/the-effect-of-frozen-thawed-embryo-transfer-performed-concurrently-with-hysteroscopy-on-the-reproductive-outcomes-during-assisted-reproductive-treatments
#19
Xiuxian Zhu, Hongjuan Ye, Yonglun Fu
The uterine environment is vital to the successful conception; recently, hysteroscopy was used to remove uterine anomalies in patients undergoing assisted reproductive treatments in combination with a "freeze-all" strategy. However, the rapid recurrence of uterine anomalies impose a negative impact on pregnancy. A possible way to avoid this issue is to implement frozen-thawed embryo transfer (FET) as soon as possible. Thus, we sought to investigate the impact of performing FET concurrently with hysteroscopy in the same mense on the pregnancy outcome...
September 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842977/clinical-outcomes-after-external-cephalic-version-with-spinal-anesthesia-after-failure-of-a-first-attempt-without-anesthesia
#20
Manal Massalha, Gali Garmi, Noah Zafran, Julia Carmeli, Genady Gimburg, Raed Salim
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether repeat external cephalic version (ECV) with spinal anesthesia affects clinical outcomes and cesarean delivery rates. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted using data collected at one hospital in Israel between January 1, 2009, and December 31, 2015. Women with non-vertex singleton pregnancies (≥37 weeks) who had a failed ECV attempt without spinal anesthesia were included in the analysis. All women were offered a repeat ECV with spinal anesthesia...
December 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
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