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Perioperative Research And Nursing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30300182/implementing-a-pediatric-perioperative-surgical-home-integrated-care-coordination-pathway-for-laryngeal-cleft-repair
#1
Izabela Leahy, Connor Johnson, Steven J Staffa, Reza Rahbar, Lynne R Ferrari
BACKGROUND: The Pediatric Perioperative Surgical Home (PPSH) model is an integrative care model designed to provide better patient care and value by shifting focus from the patient encounter level to the overarching surgical episode of care. So far, no PPSH model has targeted a complex airway disorder. It was hypothesized that the development of a PPSH for laryngeal cleft repair would reduce the high rates of postoperative resource utilization observed in this population. METHODS: Institutional review board approval was obtained for the purpose of data collection and analysis...
October 8, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30181776/complications-of-pelvic-and-acetabular-fractures-in-1331-morbidly-obese-patients-bmi-%C3%A2-40-a-retrospective-observational-study-from-the-national-trauma-data-bank
#2
James T Carson, Sabin G Shah, Gezzer Ortega, Sorawut Thamyongkit, Erik A Hasenboehler, Babar Shafiq
Background: There have been no large-scale epidemiological studies of outcomes and perioperative complications in morbidly obese trauma patients who have sustained closed pelvic ring or acetabular fractures. We examined this population and compared their rate of inpatient complications with that of control patients. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the records of patients treated for closed pelvic ring or acetabular fracture, aged 16-85 years, with Injury Severity Scores ≤15 from the National Trauma Data Bank Research Dataset for the years 2007 through 2010...
2018: Patient Safety in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30108281/exploring-practice-gaps-to-improve-perioperative-nutrition-care-experience-study-a-qualitative-analysis-of-barriers-to-implementation-of-evidence-based-practice-guidelines
#3
Angela Byrnes, Adrienne Young, Alison Mudge, Merrilyn Banks, Judy Bauer
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Aligning care with best practice-such as Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) guidelines-may improve patient outcomes. However, translating research into practice is challenging and implementation science literature emphasises the importance of understanding barriers and enablers specific to the local context and clinicians. This study aimed to explore staff perceptions about barriers and enablers to practice change aligning with nutrition-related recommendations from ERAS guidelines...
August 14, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779305/-expert-consensus-on-standardized-processes-of-ambulatory-biliary-surgery-2018-edition
#4
(no author information available yet)
The definition of ambulatory surgery is that the patient is admitted, operated and discharged within a day (24 hours) , but does not include outpatient surgery. It can shorten the average hospital stay, reduce medical expenses, accelerate the recovery of patients, and has been approved to have great social and economic benefits.The main contents of this consensus include: (1)the establishment of ambulatory biliary surgery system, which involves the facilities building, team building, the construction of management systems, operation management, operation state analysis and benefit evaluation; (2)Patient selection criteria, pre-hospital assessment, surgical scheduling, preoperative education, anesthesia and management of adverse reactions after anesthesia, intraoperative application of general surgical principles and postoperative emergency plans, perioperative nursing; (3)Discharge criteria and pre-discharge assessment, post-discharge follow-up and rehabilitation guidance; (4) quality and safety control index system of ambulatory biliary surgery...
May 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773957/perioperative-predictors-of-delirium-and-incidence-factors-in-adult-patients-post-cardiac-surgery
#5
Stavros Theologou, Konstantinos Giakoumidakis, Christos Charitos
Background: Delirium is a quite common complication in adult patients post-cardiac surgery. The purpose of our study was to identify perioperative characteristics and also focus on incidence factors that could predict delirium in the cardiac surgery intensive care unit (CICU) postoperatively. Methods: We conducted a prospective study of 179 consecutive patients, who underwent open-heart surgical operation and were admitted to the CICU of a general tertiary hospital in Athens, Greece...
2018: Pragmatic and Observational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753829/the-role-of-pelvic-floor-muscle-training-in-the-conservative-and-surgical-management-of-female-stress-urinary-incontinence-does-the-strength-of-the-pelvic-floor-muscles-matter
#6
REVIEW
Anna Maria Lasak, Marjorie Jean-Michel, Phuong Uyen Le, Roshni Durgam, Jessica Harroche
The purpose of this review is to provide an in-depth overview of the role of pelvic floor muscle (PFM) training in the management of stress urinary incontinence (SUI). The definition, epidemiology, and pathogenesis of SUI are described. We review the anatomy of the PFM and the importance of PFM strength in maintaining urinary continence and establishing normal voiding function. A brief description of the surgical options currently available for SUI and the existing data regarding the role of perioperative PFM training for SUI are included...
May 25, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726418/improving-fluid-management-in-critical-care-towards-the-icu-of-the-future
#7
Katharina Bergmoser, Lucas Pflanzl-Knizacek, Matthias Hafner, Gernot Schilcher, Christian Baumgartner
BACKGROUND: The calculation of daily fluid balances is essential in perioperative and postoperative fluid management in order to prevent severe hypervolemia or hypovolemia in critically ill patients. In this context, modern health information technology has the potential to reduce the workload for health care professionals by not only automating data collection but also providing appropriate decision support. OBJECTIVES: Within this work, current problems and barriers regarding fluid balancing in cardiac intensive care patients are outlined and improvement activities are specified...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680176/perianesthesia-nurses-survey-of-their-knowledge-and-practice-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#8
Andrea M Erwin, Kim A Noble, June Marshall, Susan Cooper
PURPOSE: Anesthesia, sedation, and analgesia can negatively impact adult patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Despite known risks, current evidence, and practice guidelines, insufficient evidence exists that standardization and clinical application of OSA screening tools, problem identification, and perioperative nursing intervention and management strategies are consistently implemented for OSA patients across perianesthesia settings. The purpose of this study was to conduct a knowledge and practice assessment of perianesthesia nurses who care for adult patients with diagnosed or undiagnosed OSA...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672395/an-educational-implementation-process-staff-survey-lessons-learned
#9
Barbara Delmore, Martha Kent
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the education process for the effective use of the Munro Pressure Ulcer Risk Assessment Scale by practicing perioperative staff at an urban tertiary medical center. Given that pressure injury formation is tied to the surgical process, there is a need for a pressure injury risk assessment scale that addresses the uniqueness of the perioperative process. METHODS: Participants were staff who worked in the surgical admissions area, the main operating room, and the main postanesthesia care unit...
May 2018: Advances in Skin & Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564862/-anesthetic-care-of-patient-with-heroin-addiction-a-case-report
#10
Wen-Yi Lee, Shu-Yu Kuo
The use of illegal drugs in Taiwan is on the rise. Drug addicts often have complex physical, psychological, and social problems. In addition, they often avoid disclosing their illicit drug use by deceit, concealment, or under-reporting. Building and maintaining relationships of trust with drug-addict patients has become a critical issue in achieving better care quality. In this case report, we report on an anesthesia care process for a heroin addict who was admitted for open reduction and internal fixation surgery for the femur and patella fractures after a car accident...
April 2018: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29524836/disaster-education-and-preparedness-in-the-acute-care-setting-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-operating-theatre-nurse-s-disaster-knowledge-and-education
#11
Olivia Sonneborn, Charne Miller, Leon Head, Rachel Cross
BACKGROUND: Operating theatre services can be heavily relied upon during mass casualty disaster events, which require nurses to have adequate training and education of hospital disaster management plans to respond appropriately. The evidence-base of disaster preparedness in the acute setting is limited, particularly with regard to operating theatre nurses. OBJECTIVES: Explore operating theatre nurse's disaster knowledge of their role in a mass casualty event, and identify the preferred mode of disaster education and training to improve disaster preparedness...
June 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521868/older-nurses-experiences-of-providing-direct-care-in-hospital-nursing-units-a-qualitative-systematic-review
#12
Karen Parsons, Alice Gaudine, Michelle Swab
BACKGROUND: Most developed countries throughout the world are experiencing an aging nursing workforce as their population ages. Older nurses often experience different challenges then their younger nurse counterparts. With the increase in older nurses relative to younger nurses potentially available to work in hospitals, it is important to understand the experience of older nurses on high paced hospital nursing units. This understanding will lend knowledge to ways of lessening the loss of these highly skilled experienced workers and improve patient outcomes...
March 2018: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419631/the-rothman-index-is-associated-with-postdischarge-adverse-events-after-hip-fracture-surgery-in-geriatric-patients
#13
Ryan P McLynn, Taylor D Ottesen, Nathaniel T Ondeck, Jonathan J Cui, Lee E Rubin, Jonathan N Grauer
BACKGROUND: The Rothman Index is a comprehensive measure of overall patient status in the inpatient setting already in use at many medical centers. It ranges from 100 (best score) to -91 (worst score) and is calculated based on 26 variables encompassing vital signs, routine laboratory values, and organ system assessments from nursing rounds from the electronic medical record. Past research has shown an association of Rothman Index with complications, readmission, and death in certain populations, but it has not been evaluated in geriatric patients with hip fractures, a potentially vulnerable patient population...
May 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385247/the-meaning-of-intraoperative-errors-perioperative-nurse-perspectives
#14
Robin Chard, Melissa Tovin
Medical errors involve different health care professionals, are multifaceted, and can occur at the individual practitioner or system level. The conditions for errors vary in the health care environment; some practice areas may be more vulnerable to errors than others. Limited research exists that explores perioperative nursing errors. The purpose of this study was to describe and interpret the experiences of perioperative nurses related to intraoperative errors. We used the hermeneutic phenomenological method...
February 2018: AORN Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344622/barriers-to-and-facilitators-of-implementing-enhanced-recovery-pathways-using-an-implementation-framework-a-systematic-review
#15
Alexander B. Stone, Christina T. Yuan, Michael A. Rosen, Michael C. Grant, Lauren E. Benishek, Elizabeth Hanahan, Lisa H. Lubomski, Clifford Ko, Elizabeth C. Wick
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2018: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341094/implementing-a-perioperative-nursing-student-summer-internship
#16
Janice Nash, Teya C Kamel, Joanne Sherer, Kathleen Nauer
Using qualitative research and a collaborative academic service partnership, we created an innovative 120-hour perioperative nursing summer internship for eight undergraduate nursing students in 2016. Recognizing that perioperative exposure is limited in the traditional baccalaureate program, this unpaid internship served to clarify student perceptions of perioperative nursing care and encourage graduates to meet perioperative workforce demands. We based the theoretical and practical student learning experiences on the AORN Periop 101 learning modules and included faculty-led discussions, student journaling, and onsite precepted clinical activities...
January 2018: AORN Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328762/patients-experiences-with-at-home-preoperative-skin-disinfection-before-elective-hip-replacement-surgery
#17
Maria Qvistgaard, Sofia Almerud Österberg, Kristiina Heikkilä, Ann-Britt Thorén, Jenny Lovebo
The aim of the study was to describe patients' experiences with preoperative skin disinfection carried out in their home before elective hip replacement surgery with the aim of lowering the microbial burden and avoiding surgical site infections. The literature was reviewed for relevant studies. Optimal preparations before surgery depend on patients being able to assimilate preoperative information and instructions. The study was based on 14 interviews with patients who had undergone elective hip replacement surgery...
July 2017: Journal of Perioperative Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173375/operation-clean-air-implementing-a-surgical-smoke-evacuation-program
#18
Mary K Dobbie, Maria Fezza, Martha Kent, Jane Lu, Mark L Saraceni, Susan Titone
Surgical smoke is a hazardous byproduct of any surgery involving a laser or an electrosurgical unit. Although research and professional organizations identified surgical smoke as harmful many years ago, this byproduct continues to be a safety hazard in the OR. An interdisciplinary team at a large academic medical center sought to address the exposure of patients and perioperative team members to surgical smoke. The team used the nursing process to resolve the lack of smoke-evacuator equipment and surgical smoke staff member knowledge...
December 2017: AORN Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155251/the-rothman-index-as-a-predictor-of-postdischarge-adverse-events-after-elective-spine-surgery
#19
Ryan P McLynn, Nathaniel T Ondeck, Jonathan J Cui, David R Swanson, Blake N Shultz, Patawut Bovonratwet, Jonathan N Grauer
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: The Rothman Index (RI) is a comprehensive rating of overall patient condition in the hospital setting. It is used at many medical centers and calculated based on vital signs, laboratory values, and nursing assessments in the electronic medical record. Previous research has demonstrated an association with adverse events, readmission, and mortality in other fields, but it has not been investigated in spine surgery. PURPOSE: The present study aims to determine the potential utility of the RI as a predictor of adverse events after discharge following elective spine surgery...
July 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107257/translating-evidence-into-practice-how-advanced-practice-rns-can-guide-nurses-in-challenging-established-practice-to-arrive-at-best-practice
#20
Jennifer L Fencl, Candace Matthews
Nursing is an information-intensive profession, requiring nurses to have high information literacy and the skills to find, understand, evaluate, and use information from a multitude of sources. The advanced practice RN (APRN) is a valuable resource to support and guide nurses in this effort. The APRN's skills encompass understanding and implementing evidence-based practice, evaluating the organizational structure (eg, units, facilities, multisystem organizations) across the continuum of care, and facilitating collaboration between perioperative nurses and other interprofessional team members to sustain practice changes in the clinical setting...
November 2017: AORN Journal
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